Last 7 days
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMilk-clotting properties of plant rennets and their enzymatic, rheological and sensory role in cheese making: a Review
Ben Amira, Amal; Besbes, Souhail; Attia, Hamadi et al

in International Journal of Food Properties (in press)

Plant rennets hold an important position amongst various coagulants used in cheese technology. The selection of a suitable plant coagulant is important due to the increasing global demands of cheese ... [more ▼]

Plant rennets hold an important position amongst various coagulants used in cheese technology. The selection of a suitable plant coagulant is important due to the increasing global demands of cheese alongside reduced supply of calf rennet. Thus, a literature synthesis is presented to investigate recent achievements on their functional properties and enzymatic role in cheese making. Efforts have also been done to compare certain rheological and sensory properties of final products, arising from some plant and animal based rennets. In fact, some coagulants such as actinidin or dubiumin produce cheeses with sensory qualities similar to those produced by animal rennet. Others, like ginger, cucumisin or hieronymain proteases contribute to develop very different textures and flavors, due to excessive proteolytic activity and production of bitter peptides. For milk-clotting enzymes with high non-specific action, several improvement strategies have been developed to produce cheeses with sensory properties close to those of animal rennet. For example, the mixture of coagulants (cardosins/chymosin), the selection of appropriate milk or its ultrafiltration, as well as the increase of salting time of cheese during ripening could be efficient ways to improve texture and reduce bitterness. Concerning cheeses with high yield loss, the whey could be used for a traditional production of whey cheese. To conclude, the selection of appropriate plant rennet with high MCA/PA ratio and the optimization of all coagulation parameters play a central role in manufacturing cheese with superior rheological and sensory properties. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (5 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailRelations entre les cités grecques et Rome
Famerie, Etienne ULiege

in Rizakis, A.; Follet, S. (Eds.) Vie et société dans les cités grecques (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (5 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes lois belges et luxembourgeoises
Desseilles, François ULiege; de Clippele, Marie-Sophie

in Bady, Jean-Pierre; Cornu, Marie; Fromageau, Jérôme (Eds.) et al De 1913 au Code du patrimoine, une loi en évolution (in press)

La présente contribution met en parallèle trois législations – les lois française de 1913, luxembourgeoise de 1927 et belge de 1931 – au moment de leur publication respective. La confrontation est ... [more ▼]

La présente contribution met en parallèle trois législations – les lois française de 1913, luxembourgeoise de 1927 et belge de 1931 – au moment de leur publication respective. La confrontation est effectuée quant à la forme de ces législations. Il s’agit de voir s’il y a ou non une certaine « identité des actes » – en quelque sorte savoir si leur aspect extérieur se ressemble ou non (intitulé, structure, etc.) (1er chapitre). La confrontation exercée d’un point de vue formel n’est jamais loin de la confrontation conceptuelle en ce que l’ « identité de formulation » – tant article par article que selon la place qu’occupent les articles dans l’acte ou les « lacunes » - laisse la possibilité, d’une part, d’évoquer la réutilisation de mécanismes juridiques antérieurs voire le comblement de lacunes par des législations ultérieures et, d’autre part, permet d’entrer dans la comparaison des concepts à l’aide des sources officielles et non-officielles. C’est ce que nous tenterons de voir dans une seconde partie, au travers de l’analyse historique des législations belge et luxembourgeoise, au regard de la législation française (2e chapitre). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (4 ULiège)
See detail"Lambertus pictor" in the Saint-Denis church accounts of 1533: new developments
Joly, Emmanuel ULiege

in Flesh, Gold and Wood. The Saint Denis Altarpiece in Liège and the Question of Partial Paint Practises (in press)

The Saint-Denis altarpiece has been widely admired, commented and studied for a long time. Its conservation in the church, even after a new main altar in baroque style was placed in the choir, is an ... [more ▼]

The Saint-Denis altarpiece has been widely admired, commented and studied for a long time. Its conservation in the church, even after a new main altar in baroque style was placed in the choir, is an indication of the importance this work had acquired throughout time. Its painted wings were especially appreciated and were attributed to Lambert Lombard, Liège’s most renowned Renaissance painter, as early as the beginning of the 18th century. But this attribution has been discussed passionately, especially since the 1970’s. At the centre of these debate, we find a document dated 1533, discovered in 1958, naming a “Lambertum pictorem” working for Saint-Denis collegiate church. But this mention needs to be reconsidered and contextualised. This publication aims to present the content of this document and to dissect its meaning in the context of the making of the altarpiece, to which it has been related since its discovery. A new transcription will be provided and new archival material will be unveiled in order to shed a new light on this document as well as to give new paths to reconstruct the processes at work in the making of the altarpiece. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa question de l’éducation : aiguillon des philosophies politiques. Castoriadis/Rancière.
Wustefeld, Sophie ULiege

in MethIS : Méthodes et Interdisciplinarité en Sciences Humaines (in press)

La démocratie reste un thème chéri par la philosophie politique contemporaine, pour l’écart entre ses théories et ses pratiques, pour la distance critique que ses théories offrent vis-à-vis des régimes ... [more ▼]

La démocratie reste un thème chéri par la philosophie politique contemporaine, pour l’écart entre ses théories et ses pratiques, pour la distance critique que ses théories offrent vis-à-vis des régimes démocratiques et de leur évolution, mais aussi parce qu’elle est un objet perpétuel de dissensus entre philosophes, au sujet duquel toute prétention à la véridiction est suspendue à sa réalisation pratique. À ce titre, la transmission de la volonté démocratique est un topos houleux de la philosophie politique contemporaine. Cette question catalyse les concepts pivots des philosophies politiques, la leur poser permet de mieux saisir les enjeux rivaux derrière une terminologie commune à plusieurs auteurs. C’est dans cette démarche que je vous propose d’examiner en miroir les philosophies de Cornélius Castoriadis et de Jacques Rancière. De plus en plus nombreux, des commentateurs rapprochent leurs pensées , qui peuvent s’appuyer sur plusieurs points communs : un attachement au concept de démocratie brandit contre les régimes parlementaires, une opposition contemporaine (quoique depuis des héritages différents) aux thèses défendues par Althusser, et une proximité de sources d’inspirations : la philosophie, le marxisme, et la psychanalyse. Partant de la manière dont cette proximité s’exprime dans la disjonction que chacun opère entre démocratie et science, je tenterai de discerner comment les inflexions qu’ils impriment aux concepts de volonté et d’égalité sous la guise des enjeux de la transmission dessinent des horizons politiques distincts, et dénotent des compréhensions antithétiques – mais indécidables dans la théorie – de ce que peut être la démocratie. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA road map for explorative scenario creation on Belgian rail freight transport development
Troch, Franck; Vanelslander, Thierry; Sys, Christa et al

in Competition and Regulation in Network Industries (in press)

The starting point of this article is the weak usage of rail freight in Belgium and Europe, both as a sustainable mode of land transportation in itself as well as a part of the intermodal chain. The ... [more ▼]

The starting point of this article is the weak usage of rail freight in Belgium and Europe, both as a sustainable mode of land transportation in itself as well as a part of the intermodal chain. The results are obtained by transversal research on rail freight transport in Belgium, taking into account the European context. This interdisciplinary research develops a road map for the creation of three integrated scenarios: a best case, medium case and worst case scenario for rail freight development, based on a detailed SWOT (strength, weakness, opportunities, threats) analysis. It includes the most probable future developments for rail freight transport and hinterland connections. These developments are obtained from literature review and discussions with a heterogeneous panel of experts in the fields of (i) optimal corridor and hub development, (ii) macroeconomic impact, (iii) sustainability, (iv) effective market regulation and (v) governance and organization for a well-functioning intermodality. The Delphi approach is used in combination with a survey analysis. Frequency tables and the H-index allow defining a ranking and selection of SWOT elements. The obtained scenarios allow future research to quantify and measure the impact of future developments and decisions towards the Belgian rail freight market. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVoice use among music theory teachers: A voice dosimetry and self-assessment study
Schiller, Isabel ULiege; Morsomme, Dominique ULiege; Remacle, Angélique ULiege

in Journal of Voice (in press)

Objectives: (1) To investigate music theory teachers’ professional and extra-professional vocal loading and background noise exposure, (2) to determine the correlation between vocal loading and background ... [more ▼]

Objectives: (1) To investigate music theory teachers’ professional and extra-professional vocal loading and background noise exposure, (2) to determine the correlation between vocal loading and background noise, and (3) to determine the correlation between vocal loading and self-evaluation data. Methods: Using voice dosimetry, 13 music theory teachers were monitored for one workweek. Parameters analysed were voice SPL, F0, phonation time, vocal loading index (VLI) and noise SPL. Spearman’s correlation was used to correlate vocal loading parameters (voice SPL, F0 and phonation time) and noise SPL. Each day, subjects self-assessed their voice using visual analogue scales. VLI and self-evaluation data were correlated using Spearman’s correlation. Results: Vocal loading parameters and noise SPL were significantly higher in the professional than in the extra-professional environment. Voice SPL, phonation time and females’ F0 correlated positively with noise SPL. VLI correlated with self-assessed voice quality, vocal fatigue and amount of singing and speaking voice produced. Conclusions: Teaching music theory is a profession with high vocal demands. More background noise is associated with increased vocal loading and may indirectly increase the risk for voice disorders. Correlations between VLI and self-assessments suggest that these teachers are well-aware of their vocal demands and feel their effect on voice quality and vocal fatigue. Visual analogue scales seem to represent a useful tool for subjective vocal loading assessment and associated symptoms in these professional voice users. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (6 ULiège)
See detailQuelles méthodologies pour prendre en compte l’opinion des personnes sourdes dans les enquêtes d’opinion ?
Fontaine, Sébastien ULiege

in DE LA PRISE DE PAROLE À LA PARTICIPATION CITOYENNE : Éducation aux droits pour l’émancipation des personnes en situation de handicap (in press)

De nos jours, les enquêtes d’opinion sont une composante non négligeable de l’opinion publique (le monde politique, médiatique et scientifique les utilisent abon-damment), or, pour des raisons ... [more ▼]

De nos jours, les enquêtes d’opinion sont une composante non négligeable de l’opinion publique (le monde politique, médiatique et scientifique les utilisent abon-damment), or, pour des raisons principalement techniques et logistiques, les personnes en situation de handicap en sont généralement exclues. Les sourds en sont un exemple flagrant. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFrench Onions and Dutch Trains: Typological Perspectives on Learners’ Descriptions of Spatial Scenes
Lemmens, Maarten; Perrez, Julien ULiege

in Tyler, Andrea; Moder, Carol (Eds.) What is Applied Cognitive Linguistics? Answers From Current SLA Research (in press)

Based on an oral picture description task conducted among 46 participants, this contribution aims at describing how L1 speakers and learners of typologically different languages (French and Dutch) encode ... [more ▼]

Based on an oral picture description task conducted among 46 participants, this contribution aims at describing how L1 speakers and learners of typologically different languages (French and Dutch) encode locative events. Moving away from the more traditional verb-centred approach, this contribution zooms in on the syntactic constructions used to encode locative events and the role they play in the overall discourse strategy in the productions of L1 speakers of Dutch and French and in those of French-speaking learners of Dutch. Our elicitation study confirms the typological differences between Dutch and French in the expression of location on the lexical level as well as on the constructional and discourse level. As for the learners’ descriptions, they appear to take an intermediate position between the native speakers of Dutch and French, suggesting that they become increasingly aware of the overall locative nature of Dutch. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCortex
Pfister, Max; Valenti, Gianluca ULiege

in Lessico Etimologico Italiano (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (3 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailUne architecture de frontières : les monastères des annonciades célestes dans les diocèses de Toul et de Verdun (XVIIe-XVIIIe s.)
Piront, Julie ULiege

in Bourdieu, Catherine (Ed.) Vie religieuse féminine dans les Trois-Evêchés : vocations, missions et cadres d'existence (in press)

Les diocèses lorrains ont été un terrain fertile pour les congrégations féminines aux 16e-18e siècles puisqu'ils ont vu la naissance de projets religieux conjuguée à une installation massive de « nouveaux ... [more ▼]

Les diocèses lorrains ont été un terrain fertile pour les congrégations féminines aux 16e-18e siècles puisqu'ils ont vu la naissance de projets religieux conjuguée à une installation massive de « nouveaux ordres » nés ou réformés dans le sillage du concile de Trente. Fondées en Italie au début du 17e siècle, les annonciades célestes se sont implantées majoritairement sur la « dorsale catholique ». Au cœur de ce territoire de frontières, la Lorraine occupe une position géographique, politique et religieuse incontournable. Cette contribution interroge les spécificités éventuelles des cinq monastères que les annonciades célestes firent édifier dans les diocèses de Toul et Verdun en les comparant à l’ensemble de la production architecturale de l’ordre en Europe aux 17e et 18e siècles. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes techniques d’élevage et les soins vétérinaires appliqués aux chevaux dans les archives de Zénon de Caunos (milieu du IIIe siècle avant notre ère)
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULiege

in »Morborum et signa et causas praedicere curasque monstrare«: Tierheilkunde in Antike und Mittelalter. Actes du colloque international (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULiège)
See detailLes jubés dans les édifices religieux du Hainaut
Joly, Emmanuel ULiege

in Hainaut. Terre musicale (XVIIe-XVIIIe siècles) (in press)

Définition du "jubé". Inventaire et typologie des jubés en Hainaut. Evolution de leur fonction avec une focalisation particulière sur leur fonction musicale.

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCorticatus
Pfister, Max; Valenti, Gianluca ULiege

in Lessico Etimologico Italiano (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailMax Frisch und die Suhrkamp Kultur
Pontzen, Alexandra ULiege

in Schmitz, Walter (Ed.) Max Frisch. Konstellationen und Perspektiven (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailCarte géologique de Wallonie. Louveigné-Spa n°49/3-4
Marion, Jean-Marc ULiege; Geukens, Fernand; Lamberty, Pauline ULiege et al

Cartographic material (in press)

New geological map of Wallonia published at the scale of 1/25.000, based on a new field work and using previous scientific data produced since the previous editions, in 1898 (at the scale of 1/40.000, by ... [more ▼]

New geological map of Wallonia published at the scale of 1/25.000, based on a new field work and using previous scientific data produced since the previous editions, in 1898 (at the scale of 1/40.000, by Gustave Dewalque) and the second one, in 1958 (at the scale of 1/25.000 by Paul Fourmarier). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (32 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSteady-State, Nonlinear Analysis of Large Arrays of Electrically Actuated Micromembranes Vibrating in a Fluid
Halbach, Alexandre ULiege; Geuzaine, Christophe ULiege

in Engineering with Computers (in press)

This paper describes a robust and efficient method to obtain the steady-state, nonlinear behaviour of large arrays of electrically actuated micromembranes vibrating in a fluid. The nonlinear ... [more ▼]

This paper describes a robust and efficient method to obtain the steady-state, nonlinear behaviour of large arrays of electrically actuated micromembranes vibrating in a fluid. The nonlinear electromechanical behavior and the multiple vibration harmonics it creates are fully taken into account thanks to a multiharmonic finite element formulation, generated automatically using symbolic calculation. A domain decomposition method allows to consider large arrays of micromembranes by efficiently distributing the computational cost on parallel computers. Two- and three- dimensional examples highlight the main properties of the proposed method. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailThomas Bernhard Opusphantasie und Werk-(Im)Potenz in Das Kalkwerk.
Pontzen, Alexandra ULiege

in Tabah, Mireille; Mittermayer, Manfred (Eds.) Thomas Bernhard. Persiflage und Subversion (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDe culpable a perseguido: Baudelaire y el proceso de Las Flores del mal
Mogollon Zapata, Juan Manuel ULiege

in Revista Historia, Teoría, Crítica (in press)

¿Cómo el poeta de Las Flores del Mal paso de ser un autor proscrito, y en consecuencia sospechoso, al autor perseguido e incomprendido que ha inmortalizado la historia literaria? ¿Cómo Baudelaire pudo ... [more ▼]

¿Cómo el poeta de Las Flores del Mal paso de ser un autor proscrito, y en consecuencia sospechoso, al autor perseguido e incomprendido que ha inmortalizado la historia literaria? ¿Cómo Baudelaire pudo desviar a su favor una circunstancia que, a primera vista, era desafortunada? Baudelaire supo utilizar el escándalo que provocó la publicación de Las Flores del Mal para promover su figura pública. Un análisis de las posturas discursivas desplegadas por Baudelaire y por sus pares durante y después del proceso nos permitirá comprender mejor la inversión que el poeta hace de su condenación al transformar la sanción penal y moral, y la exclusión a la que ésta conduce, en un signo de su grandeza y de su gloria póstuma. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 114 (8 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailConditor
Pfister, Max; Valenti, Gianluca ULiege

in Lessico Etimologico Italiano (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULiège)