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See detailRecording and Reading Alchemy and Art-Technology in Medieval and Premodern German Recipe Collections
Neven, Sylvie ULg

in Nuncius. Journal of the Material and Visual History of Science (in press)

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See detailBack to the Text: Artists’ Recipe Books as Source for Historical Research in Art Technology
Neven, Sylvie ULg

in Sources on Art Technology : Back to Basics (in press)

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See detailBelgique
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Sapiro, Gisèle (Ed.) Dictionnaire international Bourdieu (in press)

Article de grande synthèse sur l'accueil et le relais fait à la sociologie de Bourdieu dans le champ intellectuel et universitaire belge.

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See detailOn the Laser Cladding of Ti Alloy Ti-6Al-4V with Low Laser Power
Mertens, Anne ULg; Paydas, Hakan ULg; Tchuindjang, Jérôme Tchoufack ULg et al

in Pilchak, Adam (Ed.) Proc. of Ti 2015: 13th World Conference on Titanium, Vol. 6: Additive and Near Net Shape Manufacturing (in press)

Laser cladding is an economic layer-by-layer near-net-shape process for the production and the repair of metallic parts. In this process, a metallic powder is projected onto a substrate while being molten ... [more ▼]

Laser cladding is an economic layer-by-layer near-net-shape process for the production and the repair of metallic parts. In this process, a metallic powder is projected onto a substrate while being molten by a laser beam. Laser sources with fairly high power – i.e. typically 2kW − are often used to ensure short building times and high productivity. However, this approach has limitations. Indeed, it is very difficult to produce thin walls at high laser power. Moreover, an increase of the incident energy may give rise to a relatively coarser microstructure, and this will in turn affect the mechanical properties of the component. In order to address these issues, this paper aims at assessing the potential of a laser source with a lower maximum power of 300W to enhance the flexibility of the process. Two types of samples – i.e. thin walls or bulk deposits − were produced at low laser power from alloy Ti-6Al-4V. Their geometry, microstructures and local hardness are characterised and correlated with the thermal history experienced during fabrication. [less ▲]

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See detailThe women behind the camera: Female entrepreneurship in the southern Nigerian video film industry
Jedlowski, Alessandro ULg

in Röschenthaler, Ute (Ed.) Cultural Entrepreneurship in Africa (in press)

In the academic debate about the southern Nigerian video industry (Nollywood), the role of women has generally been underestimated. Articles that focus on the connection between women and the video ... [more ▼]

In the academic debate about the southern Nigerian video industry (Nollywood), the role of women has generally been underestimated. Articles that focus on the connection between women and the video industry tend to analyse the discourse about gender that videos produce and circulate and see the videos as propagator of sexist and patriarchal stereotypes about women and their place in society. Some analysts have nuanced these criticisms by showing the variety and complexity of the gender discourse that videos circulate, and by emphasizing that the video stories make new forms of female social mobility visible. However, almost no attention has been given to the analysis of how the industry, as a form of business, has opened new spaces for women’s economic and social mobility. In this chapter I make an attempt at addressing this gap by focusing on the experience of a number of women who have successfully established themselves as entrepreneurs in the southern Nigerian video industry. Thanks to their specific business strategies, they have created new spaces for female economic and social mobility in this sector, and have gained pronounced social visibility, thus contributing to the construction of the collective imagination of women’s social and economic success. [less ▲]

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See detailQuantify ing cereal - reaping microwear on flint tools: an experimental approach
Linton, Jimmy ULg; Monna, Fabrice; Martineau, Rémi et al

in Archaeometry (in press)

From the earliest Neolithic in the Near East to the last Chalcolithic cultures in Western Europe, certain flint tools have been used as sickles to harvest cereals. Such harvesting tools can be identified ... [more ▼]

From the earliest Neolithic in the Near East to the last Chalcolithic cultures in Western Europe, certain flint tools have been used as sickles to harvest cereals. Such harvesting tools can be identified through use-wear analyses, because cutting herbaceous plants produces specific wear-traces on the working edge of flint blades. The aim of this work is to explore harvesting-driven microwear variability and, more particularly, intensity of use as a governing factor. To achieve this objective, an experiment was designed consisting in the production of flint replicas to be used as harvesting tools, in various controlled conditions. A simple, cost-effective method of quantifying wear-traces by meas uring polish extent is developed, requiring only classical use-wear observation equipment. Polish extent shows monotonic correlation with the amount of work, expressed either in terms of time or as the quantity of cereals harvested. Polish extent measurement is therefore proposed as a reliable and powerful descriptor of use intensity. [less ▲]

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See detailConfusion de codes graphiques dans les papyrus latins
Rochette, Bruno ULg; Nocchi Macedo, Gabriel

in Cappasso, Mario (Ed.) Mélanges à la mémoire de Paolo Radiciotti (in press)

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See detailHepatoprotective and anti-diabetic activities of Fraxinus angustifoliaVahl extracts in animal models: Characterization by HPLC analysis
Medjahed, Zineb; Atmani-Kilani, Dina; Fauconnier, Marie-Laure ULg et al

in Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences (in press)

Background and aim: The present study was designed to explore anti-diabetic and hepato-protective potentials of Fraxinus angustifolia leaf (FAL) and bark (FAB) extracts in vivo.

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See detailShallow water facies setting around the Kačák Event – a multidisciplinary approach
Konighsof; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Suttner et al

in Special Publication - Geological Society of London (in press)

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See detailLe développement d'une multinationale métallurgique liégeoise : la Compagnie Générale des Conduites d'eau (1865-1939)
Destatte, Julien ULg

in Actes du neuvième congrès de l'Association des Cercles francophones d'Histoire et d'Archéologie de Belgique (in press)

The "Compagnie Générale des Conduites d'eau" was an financial and industrial company based in Liège. This article explains briefly how it worked during the periode between its creation in 1865 and 1939.

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See detailRedistribution of a mixture of organic vapours inside a activated carbon filter
Berezovka, Inna; Hichem, Fettaka; Salmon, Thierry ULg et al

in Chemical Engineering Journal (in press)

X-ray tomography in a combination with gas chromatography was used for quantitative and qualitative analysis of adsorption front of organics distributed inside activated carbon filters during defined ... [more ▼]

X-ray tomography in a combination with gas chromatography was used for quantitative and qualitative analysis of adsorption front of organics distributed inside activated carbon filters during defined period of storage. This approach was tested against filters partly contaminated by CCl4 and n-heptane separately and by their mixture. X-ray tomography was shown to be capable to “recognize” different organic vaporvapours adsorbed on activated carbon and to follow their movement inside filters. Gas Chromatography was used either to monitor all possible losses of adsorbed species spices from the carbon bed, or either for “seeing” the location of each component of the mixture of organics along the filter depth. Such in situ information could be useful for evaluation of lifetime of carbon filters and for a thorough understanding of adsorption process taking place under static conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailCommentary
Deprez, Christophe ULg

in Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals (in press), 44

One of the key steps in the procedure before the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) is the filing of a closing order in relation to one or several suspects. In case 002, Nuon Chea ... [more ▼]

One of the key steps in the procedure before the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) is the filing of a closing order in relation to one or several suspects. In case 002, Nuon Chea, Ieng Sary, Ieng Thirith and Khieu Samphan all filed motions of appeal against several aspects of the closing order delivered on 16 September 2010, by which the Co-Investigating Judges ordered their indictment. This commentary attempts to shed some light on three decisions issued by the Pre-Trial Chamber on these appeals. Two procedural matters discussed in the decisions are first outlined, namely the right to appeal against a closing order and the latter’s impact on the regime of provisional detention. The analysis then turns to the core substantive contribution of the decisions, that is, the adjudication of the various jurisdictional challenges on the basis of the nullum crimen principle. In the end, it is submitted that, on the whole, the judges showed strict adherence to the principle of legality, thereby strengthening the ECCC’s legitimacy in the realm of global criminal justice. [less ▲]

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See detailA.P.M.H. Lardinois, J.H Blok et M.G.M. Van der Poel, Sacred Words: Orality, Literacy and Religion, Leiden-Boston, Brill, 2011
Delli Pizzi, Aurian ULg

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (in press)

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See detailScreening Ethiopia: A preliminary study of the history and contemporary developments of film production in Ethiopia
Jedlowski, Alessandro ULg

in Journal of African Cinemas (in press)

Since the early 2000s, Ethiopia has witnessed the rapid growth of a local digital film industry whose economic model is similar to the one adopted by other industries of this kind emerged in African ... [more ▼]

Since the early 2000s, Ethiopia has witnessed the rapid growth of a local digital film industry whose economic model is similar to the one adopted by other industries of this kind emerged in African countries such as Nigeria, Ghana and Tanzania. Films are shot in digital format, are independently funded and commercially-driven, use Amharic as main language and target local and diasporic audiences. Unlike other productions of this kind around the continent, however, Ethiopian video films are firstly released in the large cinema theatres that characterize Addis Ababa’s urban landscape, and later circulate via VCDs, in Ethiopia, and in internet, throughout the diaspora. As this essay will argue, this aspect gives to the Ethiopian video film phenomenon a number of important specificities which make the study of Ethiopian film production and distribution particularly interesting. Furthermore, within a context defined by a relatively tight governmental control on media production and circulation, the emergence of this phenomenon is introducing important transformations, and modifying the way locally-produced media are perceived and consumed within the Ethiopian public sphere. While being commercially oriented, in fact, videos do produce a social and moral commentary which portrays, and in some cases criticizes, the way the society has transformed over the past few years. This article presents the preliminary results of an ongoing research on the raising Ethiopian digital film industry, conducted as part of a post-doctoral research project which analyses and compares the economy of digital filmmaking in a few sub-Saharan African countries. The data presented here have been collected through interviews, archival research and participant observation on film sets and distribution venues during a three months research stay in Addis Ababa between the end of 2013 and the beginning of 2014. The paper is divided into four main sections: the first two trace the history of filmmaking in Ethiopia and the emergence of the video phenomenon within this context, the third focuses on the analysis of the video industry’s economy and describes its main specificities, and the fourth presents an overview of the main narrative and aesthetic trends emerged within the context of the Ethiopian film production until today. [less ▲]

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See detailLA RENONCIATION, L’ABDICATION ET LA RUPTURE DU CONTRAT DE TRAVAIL
Kéfer, Fabienne ULg

in LA RUPTURE DU CONTRAT DE TRAVAIL : ENTRE HARMONISATION ET DISCRIMINATION (in press)

L’étude, limitée au contexte de la dissolution du contrat de travail, aborde, dans une première partie, la possibilité pour les parties au contrat de travail de renoncer au bénéfice d’une disposition ... [more ▼]

L’étude, limitée au contexte de la dissolution du contrat de travail, aborde, dans une première partie, la possibilité pour les parties au contrat de travail de renoncer au bénéfice d’une disposition, possibilité liée au caractère impératif ou d’ordre de la disposition en cause. Est particulièrement étudié le lien entre le rapport de subordination et la faculté d’abdiquer un droit. Le document effectue ensuite une incursion dans la question de la preuve de la renonciation. La troisième partie passe en revue un large éventail de droits auxquels les parties pourraient être tentées de renoncer : clauses d’écolage, clauses de stabilité d’emploi, renonciation au droit d’invoquer la rupture du contrat de travail en cas d’acte équipollent à rupture ou de préavis nul, renonciation à la durée du préavis ou à l’indemnité en tenant lieu, renonciation au reclassement professionnel, aux droits découlant d’une convention collective, renonciation par un délégué du personnel, renonciation par la voie d’une convention collective, etc. Si la matière reste incertaine à bien des égards, elle est aussi en évolution, tant par l’effet de la jurisprudence que par l’action de la loi, et notamment celle du 26 décembre 2013 dite « statut unique », qui a modifié de manière sensible le champ de la licéité des renonciations au délai ou à l’indemnité compensatoire de préavis. [less ▲]

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See detailLa critique de l’histoire sacrée chez les utopistes français. Le cas de Simon Tyssot de Patot (1655-1738)
Saal, Caroline ULg

in Actes du Neuvième congrès de l'Association des Cercles francophones d'Histoire et d'Archéologie de Belgique (in press)

Contrairement au préjugé presque unanime qui veut que l'histoire soit absente de l'utopie car la perfection de cette dernière suppose et nécessite la stabilité, les utopies constituent en réalité une mine ... [more ▼]

Contrairement au préjugé presque unanime qui veut que l'histoire soit absente de l'utopie car la perfection de cette dernière suppose et nécessite la stabilité, les utopies constituent en réalité une mine d'informations sur le rapport au passé de leurs écrivains et sur leur perception de l'histoire. L'influence de l'histoire sacrée se ressent remarquablement dans ces passés imaginés. Cependant, sa place s'explique également par l'envie de l'auteur d'exprimer son scepticisme par rapport à son contenu. Ainsi, nous proposons de nous pencher sur le cas de Simon Tyssot de Patot , protestant français, exilé aux Pays-Bas très jeune, qui se sert de la liberté d'expression que procure l'utopie pour remettre en question le fond comme la forme de l'histoire religieuse. Vies des saints ou dogmes anciens, bien des épisodes sont passés au crible par cet autodidacte dans ses utopies, nous livrant l'occasion de découvrir les limites de pénétration des récits officiels de l'histoire religieuse. [less ▲]

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