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See detailDrawing Syntax before Syntactic Trees: Stephen Watkins Clark's Sentence Diagrams (1847)
Mazziotta, Nicolas ULg

in Historiographia Linguistica (in press)

This contribution investigates the syntactic conceptions of, and the diagramming system introduced by, the American grammarian Stephen Watkins Clark (1847), who introduced the first comprehensive ... [more ▼]

This contribution investigates the syntactic conceptions of, and the diagramming system introduced by, the American grammarian Stephen Watkins Clark (1847), who introduced the first comprehensive syntactic diagramming system. The structure of the English sentence is illustrated by agglutinated “bubbles” expressing the relations between words by the means of their relative position. The sentence consists of two or three horizontally aligned bubbles containing words that are called principal elements. These principal elements can be complemented with adjunct elements, that appear in bubbles attached below them. For grammatical words the conventions differ depending on whether the grammatical word is a preposition or a conjunction. Coordination is never named as such, but there is an orthogonal abstract relation that connects elements performing the same role in a “compound” construction. The system allows recursiveness in two different ways: by wrapping bubbles into other bubbles, thus following a mereological logic (part- whole relations) close to IC analysis or by hierarchically aggregating bubbles that resemble dependency trees. Clark's conceptions thus prefigure modern graphical formalizations. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of an experimental resource pulse on the macrofaunal assemblage inhabiting seagrass macrophytodetritus
Remy, François ULg; Gobert, Sylvie ULg; Lepoint, Gilles ULg

in Belgian Journal of Zoology (in press)

Physical disturbances and resource pulses are major structuring drivers of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. The accumulations of exported dead leaves from the Neptune grass, Posidonia oceanica (L ... [more ▼]

Physical disturbances and resource pulses are major structuring drivers of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. The accumulations of exported dead leaves from the Neptune grass, Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile are ephemeral and highly dynamic detrital habitats offering food sources and shelter for vagile macrofauna community. These habitats are frequently subject to wind and storms which can add “new” detrital material to previous accumulations; these can be defined as resource pulses and could potentially impact the associated macrofauna. This study assesses the impact of an experimental resource pulse on the macrofauna associated with exported P. oceanica litter accumulations. The experimental design consisted of two pulse treatments (the addition of dead leaves with and without the associated fauna), and two controls (one procedural, and one total control), where the added material was left underwater for 14 days. Invertebrates then present in the sampled detritus were all identified and counted. Our data suggest that the responses of these invertebrates to resource pulses present intermediate characteristics between aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems responses. Inputting a moderate amount of dead P. oceanica leaves into experimental mesocosms had a non-negligible impact and rapidly affected the macrofauna community. Specialist detritivores species were boosted while herbivore/detritivore species dramatically decreased. Predators also showed a modest but significant density increase, demonstrating the fast propagation of the pulse response throughout the entire community and through several trophic levels. Strict hypoxia-tolerant species were also only observed in the treated mesocosms, indicating the strong influence of resource pulses on physico-chemical conditions occurring inside litter accumulations. [less ▲]

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See detailH.M. Enzensberger contre l'amertume du vieillard. Des "groupes vidéos" à Youtube (et retour).
Hamers, Jérémy ULg

in Cahier Louis-Lumière (in press), 10

En croisant plusieurs textes sur le montage et la juxtaposition d’images hétérogènes de l’essayiste et théoricien des médias allemand Hans Magnus Enzensberger, cet article met à jour un lien d’ordre ... [more ▼]

En croisant plusieurs textes sur le montage et la juxtaposition d’images hétérogènes de l’essayiste et théoricien des médias allemand Hans Magnus Enzensberger, cet article met à jour un lien d’ordre esthétique entre divers dispositifs médiatiques passés et contemporains. L’identification de ce lien permet d’affranchir la critique théorique du paradigme évolutionniste de l’échec et du progrès (technologique et politique), pour l’ouvrir à un ensemble d’éclairages réciproques et non linéaires. Dans ce cadre, l’usage des textes d’Enzensberger dépasse, lui aussi, toute forme de périodisation. En faisant dialoguer son « Jeu de construction pour une théorie des médias » (1970), plusieurs essais rassemblés dans Médiocrité et folie (1988), ainsi que son récent entretien autobiographique Erinnerungen an einen Tumult (2014), ce texte montre comment la critique de l’auteur allemand, certes constamment redynamisée par l’apparition de « nouveaux » objets (presse tabloïd, vidéo portable, télévision, internet, smartphones), nous invite à dépasser tout déterminisme technologique pour penser en un même geste le potentiel politique des premiers groupes de vidéo engagée et des plateformes dominant internet aujourd’hui. [less ▲]

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See detailNégocier une majorité politique et devenir bourgmestre en Belgique. Quelles influences des droits régionaux ?
Grandjean, Geoffrey ULg

in Revue Régionale de Droit (in press)

Depuis 2001, les Régions sont compétentes en matière d’organisation et d’élection des pouvoirs locaux. Elles ont adopté des règles différentes. Dans quelle mesure ces règles influencent-elles la ... [more ▼]

Depuis 2001, les Régions sont compétentes en matière d’organisation et d’élection des pouvoirs locaux. Elles ont adopté des règles différentes. Dans quelle mesure ces règles influencent-elles la négociation d’une majorité politique et la désignation des bourgmestres en Belgique ? Afin de répondre à cette question, des entretiens semi-directifs ont été réalisés avec plusieurs bourgmestres et échevin issus de communes localisées dans les trois Régions. Des différences entre Régions mais également au sein de celles-ci ont été relevées. Les dispositions relatives au mode de désignation du bourgmestre sont primordiales pour comprendre les dynamiques de négociations politiques. Au final, cet article tisse les liens entre les normes juridiques et les jeux des acteurs politiques. [less ▲]

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See detailGoat breeding in the rural district of Chemini (Algeria)
Moula, Nassim ULg; Ait Kaki, Asma; Touazi, Leghel et al

in Nature & Technology (in press)

The Kabyle goat breed represents 10.52% of the total Algerian market (3.8 million heads). A survey of 69 farmers has been carried out in order to characterize it and its breeding in the District of ... [more ▼]

The Kabyle goat breed represents 10.52% of the total Algerian market (3.8 million heads). A survey of 69 farmers has been carried out in order to characterize it and its breeding in the District of Chemini. The questions focused on household agricultural activities, including breeding of goats, cattle, sheep, rabbits, chicken, turkeys, honeybees and the production of olive oil and figs. The goat morpho-biometric characterization was based on 18 corporal measurements. The Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA) of the farm structures defined four groups of farms, variance between groups accounting for 55.7% of total variability. The average number of goats in groups 1 to 4 was 7.2±2.8, 11.1±3.5, 22.3±1.4 and 3.4±1.0, respectively. Group 3 (n=6), showed the greatest number; it consists of older farmers (67 years old or over) not practicing arboriculture. They also have the largest numbers of sheep (48.67), rabbits (50.83), chicken (48.33) and turkeys (42). Group 4 (n=9), with the lowest number of goats, was the group of young farmers (39 years old or less), more dedicated to cattle breeding (~52 heads) and the production of olive oil (~207 trees) and figs (~47 trees). The 18 morpho-biometric variables were significantly higher in males than in females (p<0.05). The Kabyle goat is small (Height at withers: male: 68.23±0.97cm and female: 65.41±0.55cm) with long hair (male: 12.24±0.51cm, and female: 9.51±0.29cm). Its ears are drooping, its convex profile has a slightly pronounced nasal split and its dress color ranges from dark brown to black. This adapted genetic resource should be key in the development of a local production, based on a strong commitment of farmers inside a breed association, for the production of specimens corresponding to a standard, to be determined collectively. [less ▲]

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See detailM.G. Vassanji’s A Place Within: Thinking through India, Transnationally: Still Writing from a Hard Place?
Munos, Delphine ULg

in Sayed, Asma; Murji, Karim (Eds.) Diaspora and Literary Politics: The Transnational Imaginaries of MG Vassanji (in press)

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See detailThe Mother/Daughter Plot in the Work of Jhumpa Lahiri
Munos, Delphine ULg

in Hegde, Radha S.; Sahoo, Ajaya K. (Eds.) The Routledge Handbook of the Indian Diaspora (in press)

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See detailKilling it Softly: Girdling as an Efficient Eco-friendly Method to Locally Remove the Invasive Acer negundo
Merceron, Nastasia ULg

in Ecological Restoration (in press)

Acer negundo (boxelder maple) is a North American native tree species that currently invades riparian and disturbed areas in Europe, affecting both bank stability and ecosystem biodiversity. As a response ... [more ▼]

Acer negundo (boxelder maple) is a North American native tree species that currently invades riparian and disturbed areas in Europe, affecting both bank stability and ecosystem biodiversity. As a response to managers’ requests, we aimed at finding an eco-friendly method which would locally remove this species and help habitat restoration. Four control methods were tested on A. negundo adults and saplings from stands located in three experimental sites along different watercourses in Southwestern France: girdling, low cutting, high cutting, and cutting followed by the application of juglone (a natural allelopathic substance from walnut tree leaves). Mortality and resprout production on the treated A. negundo individuals were assessed during two years following the application of the control methods. Girdling was the most efficient method as it significantly induced higher mortality rates compared to the others (65 vs 15% of dead A. negundo two years after treatment administration). When healing emerged on trunks, yearly repeated girdling was required to reach full success. None of the control methods significantly reduced resprout production; not even the application of juglone. Girdling is the most recommended method to kill and remove A. negundo at a local scale in invaded natural habitats. Considering that A. negundo benefits from increases in light availability to outcompete native species, we further recommend removing seedlings from understories when applying girdling on adult and sapling individuals in order to optimize restoration conditions in natural stands and improve native species re-establishment. [less ▲]

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See detailLe plan zonal de sécurité, instrument d'accountability de la police locale ?
Croquet, Alice ULg

in Ficet, Joël; Fallon, Catherine (Eds.) Actes du Colloque de l'ABSP - "Crise de la démocratie et nouveau management public" : Liège, 10-11 avril 2014 (in press)

La contribution propose d'analyser dans quelle mesure l'on peut comprendre le Plan Zonal de Sécurité comme un outil d'accountability des zones de police locale.

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See detailRefining the Early Devonian time scale using Milankovitch cyclicity in Lochkovian–Pragian sediments (Prague Synform, Czech Republic).
Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Hladil, Jindrich; Chadimova, Leona et al

in Earth and Planetary Science Letters (in press)

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See detailL’implication de la population dans sa propre sécurité
Croquet, Alice ULg

in Les mots de la Justice- Recht Spraak (in press)

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See detailOrdre public
Croquet, Alice ULg; Bauwens, Tom

in Les mots de la Justice- Recht Spraak (in press)

L'ouvrage propose un regard sur les expériences de la Justice belge, dans une perspective de vulgarisation. Notre contribution sur l'"ordre public" explique ce que recouvre cette notion (acteurs concernés ... [more ▼]

L'ouvrage propose un regard sur les expériences de la Justice belge, dans une perspective de vulgarisation. Notre contribution sur l'"ordre public" explique ce que recouvre cette notion (acteurs concernés,...) en prenant comme angle d'approche la possibilité légale d'interdire une manifestation citoyenne pour des raisons d'"ordre public". [less ▲]

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See detailCommunicating with the Divine: Herms in Attic Vase Painting
Collard, Hélène ULg

in Miller, John F.; Strauss Clay, Jenny (Eds.) Tracking Hermes and Mercury (in press)

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See detailRelating pessimistic memory predictions to Alzheimer’s disease brain structure
Genon, Sarah ULg; Simon, Jessica ULg; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg et al

in Cortex : A Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System & Behavior (in press)

Patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) show impairment of episodic memory and related metacognitive processes. The present study examined subjective metacognitive judgments preceding objective memory ... [more ▼]

Patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) show impairment of episodic memory and related metacognitive processes. The present study examined subjective metacognitive judgments preceding objective memory retrieval and investigated the neural correlates of pessimistic predictions for successfully retrieved memories in AD patients. AD patients and healthy older participants provided predictive judgements on their recognition performance before retrieval of famous (semantic) and recently learned (episodic) names. Correlations between grey matter volume (GMV) in T1 images and behavioural scores were examined with multivariate (PLS) and univariate (GLM) analyses in AD patients. AD patients showed a significant proportion of successful name recognition preceded by pessimistic prediction (Prediction_low_hits) in episodic memory. PLS revealed that behavioural pattern in AD patients was related with a mainly right lateralized pattern of GMV decrease including medial temporal lobe and posterior cingulate cortex, but also right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (VLPFC). GLM further confirmed that pessimistic prediction negatively correlated with GMV in VLPFC. Thus, impaired monitoring processes (possibly influenced by inaccurate beliefs) allowing inferences about one’s own memory performance are primarily related to decrease GMV in VLPFC in AD patients. [less ▲]

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See detailRelations on words
Rigo, Michel ULg

in Indagationes Mathematicae (in press)

In the first part of this survey, we present classical notions arising in combinatorics on words: growth function of a language, complexity function of an infinite word, pattern avoidance, periodicity and ... [more ▼]

In the first part of this survey, we present classical notions arising in combinatorics on words: growth function of a language, complexity function of an infinite word, pattern avoidance, periodicity and uniform recurrence. Our presentation tries to set up a unified framework with respect to a given binary relation. In the second part, we mainly focus on abelian equivalence, $k$-abelian equivalence, combinatorial coefficients and associated relations, Parikh matrices and $M$-equivalence. In particular, some new refinements of abelian equivalence are introduced. [less ▲]

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See detailQuatre configurations pour créer une dynamique interactive entre formation et recherche Expériences dans le domaine de la formation des professionnels de la santé
Faulx, Daniel ULg; Burlet, Géraldine ULg; Bernard, Nicolas ULg et al

in Recherches Qualitatives (in press)

Dans cette contribution, nous nous penchons sur la possibilité de créer une dynamique interactive entre intervention sur le terrain et recherche scientifique dans le domaine de la formation. Les terrains ... [more ▼]

Dans cette contribution, nous nous penchons sur la possibilité de créer une dynamique interactive entre intervention sur le terrain et recherche scientifique dans le domaine de la formation. Les terrains d’application se situent tous ici dans le domaine de la santé. Nous présentons quatre configurations d’une telle complémentarité. Chacune d’entre elles représente une articulation différente entre le but de développement des participants et celui de production de savoirs scientifiques. Dans le premier cas, une démarche de recherche est entreprise en amont de la conception d’une formation. La deuxième configuration illustre une recherche scientifique appliquée à un dispositif d’intervention existant et qui vient en retour en modifier la logique. Pour la troisième, il s’agit d’une articulation continue entre recherche et formation s’alimentant mutuellement dans une logique de recherche-action. Enfin, la quatrième partie se penche sur trois dispositifs pédagogiques dont la caractéristique est de combiner des intentions formatives avec des préoccupations de recherche [less ▲]

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See detailLe vocabulaire médical attesté dans les lettres privées grecques de l’Égypte byzantine
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg

in Médecine et christianisme : sources et pratiques. Actes du colloque international (in press)

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See detailNew forms of employment Employee sharing, Belgium
Naedenoen, Frédéric ULg

Report (in press)

This report is a policy analysis of legislation on employee sharing and how it is practised in Belgium. More specifically it focuses on groupement d’employeurs/werkgeversgroeperingen, or employer groups ... [more ▼]

This report is a policy analysis of legislation on employee sharing and how it is practised in Belgium. More specifically it focuses on groupement d’employeurs/werkgeversgroeperingen, or employer groups. The report discusses the main features and characteristics of the legislation introduced, the actual organisation and implementation of employer groups and their outcomes, as well as their key strengths and weaknesses and potential for transferability. The report is based on available literature and documents about employee sharing and interviews with a variety of stakeholders. This report is also complemented by findings from a case study on an employer group in Wallonia carried out as part of this project – see case study 3: Job’Ardent. [less ▲]

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See detailLes actes notariés : des sources négligées dans l'étude des conflits quotidiens des populations du XVIIIe siècle à Liège
Drécourt, Aurore ULg

in Annales de l'Est (in press)

Insults, gossip, and slander are the origin of many conflicts during the Ancien Régime. They are used to hurt someone’s honour or reputation, which are essential values to keeping good relationships in ... [more ▼]

Insults, gossip, and slander are the origin of many conflicts during the Ancien Régime. They are used to hurt someone’s honour or reputation, which are essential values to keeping good relationships in society. People need to defend their honour when they are injured. They can seek reparations by taking legal action or opting for infrajudicial practices, such as contacting a notary. This possibility has attracted too little attention from historians whereas notarial records are a massive source of information related to conflicts affecting people's daily lives. Indeed, during the eighteenth century, inhabitants of Liège contacted a notary in order to find an agreement, clear their name of an insult, or to write their version of an aggression. [less ▲]

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