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See detailAtomic data and spectral model for Fe II
Bautista, M A; Fivet, V; Ballance, C et al

in Astrophysical Journal (in press)

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See detailRôle et langue de Tchantchès dans les représentations en castelets des romans de chevalerie : le cas des Quatre fils Aymon
Baiwir, Esther ULg; Impe, Anaëlle

in Enquêtes du Musée de la Vie Wallonne (in press)

Pourquoi et dans quelle mesure les montreurs de marionnettes liégeoises font-ils intervenir Tchantchès aux côtés des grands chevaliers médiévaux, dont les aventures constituent une part importante du ... [more ▼]

Pourquoi et dans quelle mesure les montreurs de marionnettes liégeoises font-ils intervenir Tchantchès aux côtés des grands chevaliers médiévaux, dont les aventures constituent une part importante du répertoire liégeois ? Quels sont ses moyens d'action, mais également ses modes d'expression ? Divers registres de langue apparaissent au fil des spectacles ; quels sont ceux prêtés à notre héros ? Et surtout, ce rôle et cette langue ont-ils évolué au fil du temps ? C’est à ces quelques questions que nous tentons de répondre, en observant les différentes interventions de Tchantchès dans les réécritures des aventures des quatre fils Aymon, l’une des œuvres les plus anciennes et les plus fréquemment jouées dans les théâtres liégeois dévolus aux comédiens de bois. [less ▲]

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See detailCongenital jaundice in bovine aborted fetuses: an emerging syndrome in Southern Belgium
Delooz; Mori, M; Petitjean, T et al

in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases (in press)

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See detail"Divided families, fractured schooling, in Mexico: educational consequences of children exposition to international migration”
Zuniga, Victor; Vivas Romero, Maria ULg

Report (in press)

This cahier aims to identify and analyze the consequences of international migration movements on the school itineraries and aspirations of children who have been exposed to international migration ... [more ▼]

This cahier aims to identify and analyze the consequences of international migration movements on the school itineraries and aspirations of children who have been exposed to international migration between Mexico and the U. S. Some of these children are active actors of migratory flows because they moved from one country to another. Others are not active migrants; however, given the fact that they belong to divided families due to international migration, they are exposed to the impacts of their family members’ decisions. Consequently, two critical components of their migratory experiences will be the focus of our analysis. Firstly, we will analyze their school trajectory and secondly the family dispersion due to their migratory decisions. [less ▲]

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See detailAn insight into Ms Cambridge University Library Qq. 106-109 (Alf Layla wa-Layla - The Arabian Nights)
Franssen, Elise ULg

in Faghihi, Yasmin (Ed.) Cambridge University Library Manuscripts in Arabic Script: a New Catalogue (in press)

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See detailAberrations chromatiques : de l’émulsion au pixel
Thonon, Jonathan ULg

in Cahiers Louis Lumière (in press)

Dans l’une de ses conversations avec Joachim Gasquet sur le sens de sa peinture (et de la peinture en général), Cézanne aborde de front la conception qu’il se fait de la couleur, dans son rapport à la ... [more ▼]

Dans l’une de ses conversations avec Joachim Gasquet sur le sens de sa peinture (et de la peinture en général), Cézanne aborde de front la conception qu’il se fait de la couleur, dans son rapport à la profondeur picturale et de son articulation à la surface : « La nature n'est pas en surface ; elle est en profondeur. Les couleurs sont l'expression, à cette surface, de cette profondeur. Elles montent des racines du monde ». Cet « organisme de couleurs » que constitue le monde est transcrit dans la peinture de Cézanne par une dynamique symbiotique de la couleur et du dessin, de la ligne et du pan. La couleur restitue, par sa masse, son surgissement, son homogénéité, presque sa viscosité, la véritable chaire perceptive du monde ; une vision qui tient à distance la perspective géométrique, photographique, cinématographique fondée sur la transparence et qui repose, comme le signale Merleau-Ponty, sur la « réversibilité des dimensions » (surface-profondeur) et l’entrelacement des choses. C’est cette épaisseur du visible rendu par la couleur que l’économie de l’image numérique nous permet de redécouvrir, moins dans le registre de la « tactilité » de l’image et la picturalité du pixel, que par l’intégration, entre le support et l’image (parfois indiscernables dans le régime optique), d’un « corps » algorithmique qui règle l’actualisation du visible. Certains défauts techniques du dispositif numérique, aujourd’hui élevés au rang de pratique artistique, permettent de révéler cette matrice qui utilise alors la couleur et la coulure comme mode de visibilité. C’est le cas du Datamoshing, technique de composition numérique qui revisite tout en la radicalisant la pratique de l’incrustation vidéo. Basée sur la perturbation volontaire d’éléments de la matrice, cette technique transforme les couleurs en une forme malléable et fluide révélant ainsi leur double nature spatiale : elles sont à la fois dans l’espace de l’image et l’espace de l’image lui-même. Ces expériences de défigurations d’images s’inscrivent dans le registre des « aberrations chromatiques » dont nous proposons ici une rapide généalogie avant d’interroger la couleur digitale dans ses spécificités. [less ▲]

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See detailBarthes et Robbe-Grillet : un dialogue critique
Lorent, Fanny ULg

Book published by Les Impressions Nouvelles (in press)

Qu’est-ce qu’être écrivain? Qu’est-ce qu’écrire ou vouloir écrire? Qu’est-ce que le langage littéraire ? Quels liens unissent le roman à la théorie, la pensée critique à l’entreprise créatrice ? Quels ... [more ▼]

Qu’est-ce qu’être écrivain? Qu’est-ce qu’écrire ou vouloir écrire? Qu’est-ce que le langage littéraire ? Quels liens unissent le roman à la théorie, la pensée critique à l’entreprise créatrice ? Quels buts la littérature se fixe-t-elle ? Qu’est-ce qui définit la modernité ? Et peut-être aussi : qu’est-ce que l’amitié ? Ces questions fondamentales, Roland Barthes et Alain Robbe-Grillet n’ont cessé, pendant près de trente ans, de se les poser, à eux-mêmes, et l’un à l’autre. C’est la passionnante trajectoire de leurs réponses qu’entend retracer cet ouvrage, suivant patiemment les sinuosités d’une exceptionnelle amitié littéraire dont l’écho nous parvient encore aujourd’hui. Ce livre nous plonge au cœur de l’effervescence intellectuelle de la seconde moitié du siècle passé, dont nous sentons encore l’irrésistible vent de liberté et qui toujours nous rappelle que la littérature, selon les mots de Roland Barthes, « donne du souffle au monde ». [less ▲]

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See detailEpreuves de crédibilité du "citoyen-expert" dans un processus décisionnel. "Il peut", "il sait", "il argumente"
Parotte, Céline ULg; Piet, Grégory; Rossignol, Nicolas ULg

in Fourniau, Jean-Michel; Neveu, Catherine; Monnoyer-Smith, Laurence (Eds.) Démocratie, pour quoi faire? (in press)

Si les mécanismes de démocratie participative sont de plus en plus souvent convoqués au cœur de nos systèmes de démocratie représentative (Sintomer, Blondiaux, 2002), devons-nous considérer de facto que ... [more ▼]

Si les mécanismes de démocratie participative sont de plus en plus souvent convoqués au cœur de nos systèmes de démocratie représentative (Sintomer, Blondiaux, 2002), devons-nous considérer de facto que le citoyen a une influence dans le processus décisionnel? La participation est-elle le moyen de rendre légitime le rôle et le poids du citoyen dans le processus décisionnel ou a contrario est-elle un moyen supplémentaire pour l’autorité publique de renforcer la légitimité de son action, indépendamment des attentes du citoyen ? Si ce dernier n’était pas légitime, pourrait-il être crédible ? Sur base d’une analyse comparative de cinq conflits d’implantation, nous établirons que, d’une part, l’impératif délibératif (Sintomer, Blondiaux, 2002) est traversé par une logique d’action symbolique envers le citoyen (autrement dit, légitimer le processus par sa présence) et une logique d’intérêts des acteurs, en particulier, l’autorité publique. Confronter à cette double logique, nous proposerons de mettre en exergue les différentes formes d’appropriation de la participation par le citoyen [less ▲]

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See detailState Created Barriers to Exit - The Example of the Acquisition of Alstom by General Electric
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in Competition Policy International (in press)

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See detailAnorexie et intersubjectivité : Étude phénoménologique et éthologique
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Annales Médico-Psychologiques (in press)

Objective: Based on the case study of Jeanne, the objective of this article is to study patterns of anorexic people’s specific being-in-the-world. We seek to identify the core vulnerability features of ... [more ▼]

Objective: Based on the case study of Jeanne, the objective of this article is to study patterns of anorexic people’s specific being-in-the-world. We seek to identify the core vulnerability features of anorexic existence, beyond the dimension of feeding alone. The identification of a psychopathological structure will result in a better understanding of Jeanne’s clinical situation and will help to formulate psychotherapeutic and prophylactic recommendations. Method: A phenomenological and ethological approach allows us to see past the strictly medical symptoms (eating disorder). The evolutionary perspective highlights the adaptive dimension of this disorder (e.g., in extreme situations such as famine). Specifically, Demaret’s ethological hypothesis identifies altruism (feeding altruism and generalized altruism) as the core feature of anorexic conduct. Phenomenological reflection (phenomenological psychopathology and phenomenological philosophy) appears to complement the ethological approach. Phenomenology distinguishes two kinds of bodies: the Leib (emotional, subjective and experienced in the first person) and the Körper (devitalized, objective and experienced in the second person). Merleau-Ponty’s works highlight the difference between the touching body and the touched body. These proposals show the problematic of the other in body configuration. It is in precisely this connection that anorexic existence is specific. Sartre’s phenomenology and the lived-body-for-others is the final step of our reasoning to arrive at a configuration of intersubjectivity. Results: The analysis of Jeanne’s case, combined with ethological and phenomenological perspectives, demonstrates that the real psychopathological structure of anorexic subjectivity rests on specific interaction modes. The notions of altruism, lived-body-for-others, and intersubjectivity highlight an emotional existence including shame in the eyes of others, and especially an imbalance between self-preservation and care for others. Conclusions: All our thinking suggests that so-called “denial” is a psychological mechanism that should be reconsidered. Denial is not a mechanism of anorexic subjects alone, but is also a process encountered both in the patient’s family and in the therapeutic environment. Anorexic denial is based on anosognosia and the refusal to see one’s own thinness, while other people’s denial constitutes a widespread inability to perceive the altruism and intersubjective problematic on which the existence of an anorexic subject fundamentally depends. [less ▲]

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See detailDevonian antiarch placoderms from Belgium revisited
Olive, Sébastien ULg

in Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (in press)

Anatomical, systematic, and paleobiogeographical data on the Devonian antiarchs from Belgium are reviewed, updated and completed thanks to new data from the field and re-examination of paleontological ... [more ▼]

Anatomical, systematic, and paleobiogeographical data on the Devonian antiarchs from Belgium are reviewed, updated and completed thanks to new data from the field and re-examination of paleontological collections. The material of Bothriolepis lohesti Leriche, 1931 is enhanced and the species better described. An undetermined species of Bothriolepis is recorded from the Famennian of Modave (Liège Province), one species of Asterolepis redescribed from the Givetian of Hingeon and another one described from the Givetian of Mazy (Namur Province). Grossilepis rikiki sp. nov. is recorded from the Famennian tetrapod-bearing locality of Strud (Namur Province) and from the Famennian of Moresnet (Liège Province). It is the first occurrence of Grossilepis after the Frasnian and on the central southern coast of the Euramerican continent. Its occurrence in the Famennian of Belgium may be the result of a late arrival from the Moscow Platform and the Baltic Depression, where the genus is known from Frasnian deposits. Remigolepis durnalense sp. nov. is described from the Famennian of Spontin near Durnal (Namur Province). Except for the doubtful occurrence of Remigolepis sp. in Scotland, this is the first record of this genus in Western Europe. Its occurrence in Belgium reinforces the strong faunal affinities between Belgium and East Greenland and the hypothesis of a hydrographical link between the two areas during the Late Devonian. [less ▲]

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See detailVIEUX PHENOTYPE ET NOUVEAUX GENOTYPES Actualités dans le domaine des adénomes hypophysaires
GERARD, Caroline ULg; JEDIDI, Haroun ULg; PETROSSIANS, Patrick ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (in press)

Gigantism and acromegaly, usually caused by a pituitary adenoma linked innapropriate secretion of growth hormon (GH) are generally considered as very rare diseases, even if, regarding some authors, their ... [more ▼]

Gigantism and acromegaly, usually caused by a pituitary adenoma linked innapropriate secretion of growth hormon (GH) are generally considered as very rare diseases, even if, regarding some authors, their cumulative prevalence is about 1/5000. Starting from the historical case of a giant from Liège we will describe the different types of GH pituitary adenomas and their physiopathology. We will overall discuss rare forms of inherited GH secreting pituitary adenomas like the FIPA (familial inherited isolated pituitary adenomas) and the X-LAG (X linked acrogigantism), both described in Liège, respectively in 2000 and 2014. [less ▲]

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See detailShort communication: Evaluation of the microbiota of kefir samples using metagenetic analysis targeting the 16S and 26S ribosomal DNA fragments
Korsak Koulagenko, Nicolas ULg; Taminiau, Bernard ULg; Leclercq, Mathilde et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (in press)

Milk kefir is produced by fermenting milk in the presence of kefir grains. This beverage has several benefits for human health. The aim of this experiment was to analyze 5 kefir grains (and their products ... [more ▼]

Milk kefir is produced by fermenting milk in the presence of kefir grains. This beverage has several benefits for human health. The aim of this experiment was to analyze 5 kefir grains (and their products) using a targeted metagenetic approach. Of the 5 kefir grains analyzed, 1 was purchased in a supermarket, 2 were provided by the Ministry of Agriculture (Namur, Belgium), and 2 were provided by individuals. The metagenetic approach targeted the V1-V3 fragment of the 16S ribosomal (r)DNA for the grains and the resulting beverages at 2 levels of grain incorporation (5 and 10%) to identify the bacterial species population. In contrast, the 26S rDNA pyrosequencing was performed only on kefir grains with the aim of assessing the yeast populations. In parallel, pH measurements were performed on the kefir obtained from the kefir grains using 2 incorporation rates. Regarding the bacterial population, 16S pyrosequencing revealed the presence of 20 main bacterial species, with a dominance of the following: Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens, Lactococcus lactis ssp. cremoris, Gluconobacter frateurii, Lactobacillus kefiri, Acetobacter orientalis, and Acetobacter lovaniensis. An important difference was noticed between the kefir samples: kefir grain purchased from a supermarket (sample E) harbored a much higher proportion of several operational taxonomic units of Lactococcus lactis and Leuconostoc mesenteroides. This sample of grain was macroscopically different from the others in terms of size, apparent cohesion of the grains, structure, and texture, probably associated with a lower level of Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens. The kefir (at an incorporation rate of 5%) produced from this sample of grain was characterized by a lower pH value (4.5) than the others. The other 4 samples of kefir (5%) had pH values above 5. Comparing the kefir grain and the kefir, an increase in the population of Gluconobacter in grain sample B was observed. This was also the case for Acetobacter orientalis in sample D. In relation to 26S pyrosequencing, our study revealed the presence of 3 main yeast species: Naumovozymaspp., Kluyveromyces marxianus, and Kazachastania khefir. For Naumovozyma, further studies are needed to assess the isolation of new species. In conclusion, this study has proved that it is possible to establish the patterns of bacterial and yeast composition of kefir and kefir grain. This was only achieved with the use of high-throughput sequencing techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailA Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled, Randomized Trial to Assess the Impact of a Monthly Administration of 50,000 IU of Vitamin D3 for 6 Months on Serum Levels of 25-Hydroxyvitamin D in Healthy Young Adults
Brunel, Elodie ULg; SCHNITZLER, Maryline ULg; Foidart-Dessalle, Marguerite ULg et al

in International Journal of Endocrinology (in press)

In this double blind, unicentre, randomized, placebo controlled study, we evaluated the changes in 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) serum levels in 150 young Belgian adults (18–30 years), monthly ... [more ▼]

In this double blind, unicentre, randomized, placebo controlled study, we evaluated the changes in 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) serum levels in 150 young Belgian adults (18–30 years), monthly supplemented with 50,000 IU of vitamin D (VTD) or placebo for 6 months, from November 2010 to May 2011. At T0, 30% of the population presented 25(OH)D serum levels below 20 ng/mL. In the VTD-treated group, mean serum levels increased from 21.2 ± 8.2 to 30.6 ± 8.8 ng/mL (𝑃 < 0.001) at T3mo and to 36.0 ± 9.2 ng/mL (𝑃 < 0.001) at T6mo. Despite documented VTD intake, no changes in serum levels were, however, observed in 10% of the treated group. In the placebo group, mean 25(OH)D serum levels decreased from22.8 ± 8.5 to 14.0 ± 6.9 ng/mL at T3mo (𝑃 < 0.001) but returned to values not significantly different from those observed at T0 (23.5 ± 8.6 ng/mL) at T6mo. No difference between serum calcium levels was observed between the groups throughout the study. In conclusion, monthly supplementation with50,000UIofVTDinwinter canwarrant serum25(OH)Dlevels above 20ng/mL in96.2%of thosehealthy young adultswithout inducing unacceptably high 25(OH)D concentration. This supplementation is safe andmay be proposed without 25(OH)D testing. [less ▲]

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See detailArrêt(s) sur image(s) : usages et pratiques du photogramme
Thonon, Jonathan ULg

in MethIS : Méthodes et Interdisciplinarité en Sciences Humaines (in press)

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See detailMyelofibrosis patients in Belgium: disease characteristics
Devos, Timothy; Zachée, Pierre; Bron, Domonique et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (in press)

Objective: To date, only a small number of epidemiological studies on myelofibrosis have been performed. The current study aimed to characterize the myelofibrosis patient population in Belgium according ... [more ▼]

Objective: To date, only a small number of epidemiological studies on myelofibrosis have been performed. The current study aimed to characterize the myelofibrosis patient population in Belgium according to predefined disease parameters (diagnosis, risk categories, hemoglobin ,10 g/dl, spleen size, constitutional symptoms, platelet count, myeloblast count), with a view to obtaining a deeper understanding of the proportion of patients that may benefit from the novel myelofibrosis therapeutic strategies. Methods: A survey was used to collect data on prevalence and disease parameters on all myelofibrosis patients seen at each of 18 participating hematologic centers in 2011. Aggregated data from all centers were used for analysis. Analyses were descriptive and quantitative. Results: A total of 250 patients with myelofibrosis were captured; of these, 136 (54%) were male and 153 (61%) were over 65 years old. One hundred sixty-five (66%) of myelofibrosis patients had primary myelofibrosis and 85 (34%) had secondary myelofibrosis. One hundred ninety-three myelofibrosis patients (77%) had a palpable spleen. About a third of patients (34%) suffered from constitutional symptoms. Two hundred twenty-two (89%) myelofibrosis patients had platelet count§50 000/ml and 201 (80%) had platelet count §100 000/ml. Of 250 patients, 85 (34%) had a myeloblast count §1%. Six (2%) patients had undergone a splenectomy. Thirteen (5.2%) patients had undergone radiotherapy for splenomegaly. Conclusions: The results of this survey provide insight into the characteristics of the Belgian myelofibrosis population. They also suggest that a large proportion of these patients could stand to benefit from the therapies currently under development. [less ▲]

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See detailAnother Generalization of Abelian Equivalence: Binomial Complexity of Infinite Words (long version)
Rigo, Michel ULg; Salimov, Pavel

in Theoretical Computer Science (in press)

The binomial coefficient of two words $u$ and $v$ is the number of times $v$ occurs as a subsequence of $u$. Based on this classical notion, we introduce the $m$-binomial equivalence of two words refining ... [more ▼]

The binomial coefficient of two words $u$ and $v$ is the number of times $v$ occurs as a subsequence of $u$. Based on this classical notion, we introduce the $m$-binomial equivalence of two words refining the abelian equivalence. Two words $x$ and $y$ are $m$-binomially equivalent, if, for all words $v$ of length at most $m$, the binomial coefficients of $x$ and $v$ and respectively, $y$ and $v$ are equal. The $m$-binomial complexity of an infinite word $x$ maps an integer $n$ to the number of $m$-binomial equivalence classes of factors of length $n$ occurring in $x$. We study the first properties of $m$-binomial equivalence. We compute the $m$-binomial complexity of two classes of words: Sturmian words and (pure) morphic words that are fixed points of Parikh-constant morphisms like the Thue--Morse word, i.e., images by the morphism of all the letters have the same Parikh vector. We prove that the frequency of each symbol of an infinite recurrent word with bounded $2$-binomial complexity is rational. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat do Pneumocystis organisms tell us about the phylogeography of their hosts? The case of the woodmouse Apodemus sylvaticus in continental Europe and western Mediterranean islands
Demanche, christine; Deville, Manjula; Michaux, Johan ULg et al

in PLoS ONE (in press)

Pneumocystis fungi represent a highly diversified biological group with numerous species, which display a strong host-specificity suggesting a long co-speciation process. In the present study, the ... [more ▼]

Pneumocystis fungi represent a highly diversified biological group with numerous species, which display a strong host-specificity suggesting a long co-speciation process. In the present study, the presence and genetic diversity of Pneumocystis organisms was investigated in 203 lung samples from woodmice (Apodemus sylvaticus) collected on western continental Europe and Mediterranean islands. The presence of Pneumocystis DNA was assessed by nested PCR at both large and small mitochondrial subunit (mtLSU and mtSSU) rRNA loci. Direct sequencing of nested PCR products demonstrated a very high variability among woodmouse-derived Pneumocystis organisms with a total number of 30 distinct combined mtLSU and mtSSU sequence types. However, the genetic divergence among these sequence types was very low (up to 3.87%) and the presence of several Pneumocystis species within Apodemus sylvaticus was considered unlikely. The analysis of the genetic structure of woodmouse-derived Pneumocystis revealed two distinct groups. The first one comprised Pneumocystis from woodmice collected in continental Spain, France and Balearic islands. The second one included Pneumocystis from woodmice collected in continental Italy, Corsica and Sicily. These two genetic groups were in accordance with the two lineages currently described within the host species Apodemus sylvaticus. Pneumocystis organisms are emerging as powerful tools for phylogeographic studies in mammals [less ▲]

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