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See detailMicrobiological zoonotic emerging risks, transmitted between livestock animals and humans (2007-2015)
Filippitzi, ME; Goumperis, T; Robinson, T et al

in Transboundary and emerging diseases (in press)

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See detailArrêt(s) sur image(s) : usages et pratiques du photogramme
Thonon, Jonathan ULg

in MethIS : Méthodes et Interdisciplinarité en Sciences Humaines (in press)

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See detailThe Rise of the Brentano School
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Kriegel, Uriah (Ed.) Handbook of Brentano and the Brentano School (in press)

In this chapter, I give a bird’s eye view of the Brentano School from a rather historical perspective. My leading hypothesis is that one crucial factor explaining the rise of the school is Brentano’s ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, I give a bird’s eye view of the Brentano School from a rather historical perspective. My leading hypothesis is that one crucial factor explaining the rise of the school is Brentano’s unique strategy, within the academic context of the time, to promote the revival of philosophy as a rigorous science. After a brief introduction, I reconstruct the three main phases in the school’s development, namely Brentano’s teaching in Würzburg (1866-73), his teaching in Vienna (1874-95), and Anton Marty’s teaching in Prague (1880-1913). [less ▲]

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See detailLa question du diagnostic en psychiatrie infanto-juvénile
de Becker, Emmanuel; François, Anne; Kinoo, Philippe et al

in Psychiatrie de l'Enfant (La) (in press)

Dans le vaste champ de l’aide et des soins à l’égard de l’enfant et de l’adolescent, les questions liées au diagnostic transcendent souvent les aspects de prises en charge et de liens thérapeutiques ainsi ... [more ▼]

Dans le vaste champ de l’aide et des soins à l’égard de l’enfant et de l’adolescent, les questions liées au diagnostic transcendent souvent les aspects de prises en charge et de liens thérapeutiques ainsi que les multiples échanges entre professionnels concernés. Le diagnostic pédopsychiatrique est un processus dynamique, modifiable et momentané, les organisations pathologiques étant pour la plupart en transformation permanente. De manière spécifique et en fonction du processus développemental, la thématique du diagnostic en pédopsychiatrie renvoie plus à la question du risque évolutif qu’à la question d’un état pathologique en soi. Les aspects de la continuité des troubles mentaux de l’enfance à l’âge adulte représentent en effet un véritable enjeu développemental. Deux points de vue s’opposent dans la littérature. Le premier, en lien avec un prédéterminisme, estime que les trajectoires sont toutes tracées, l’incertitude reposant dans le diagnostic ; concrètement, il s’agit de repérer de manière précoce des individus à risque parce qu’ils sont porteurs d’un trouble qu’il faut traiter. Le second point de vue considère que les trajectoires ne sont pas déterminées mais sont en réécriture permanente ; ici, le risque ne se situe plus au niveau du diagnostic mais du pronostic, dans un souci de prévention et non de prédiction. L’article propose les réflexions de quatre cliniciens psychiatres infanto-juvéniles sur cette thématique, à la lumière de leur pratique et de leurs échanges. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the identification of paedomorphic and overwintering larval newts based on cloacal shape: review and guidelines
Denoël, Mathieu ULg

in Current Zoology (in press)

Paedomorphosis is an alternative process to metamorphosis in which adults retain larval traits at the adult stage. It is frequent in newts and salamanders, where larvae reach sexual maturity without ... [more ▼]

Paedomorphosis is an alternative process to metamorphosis in which adults retain larval traits at the adult stage. It is frequent in newts and salamanders, where larvae reach sexual maturity without losing their gills. However, in some populations, larvae overwinter in water, while remaining immature. These alternative ontogenetic processes are of particular interest in various research fields, but have different causes and consequences, as only paedomorphosis allows metamorphosis to be bypassed before maturity. It is thus relevant to efficiently identify paedomorphs versus overwintering larvae. In this context, the aim of this paper was threefold: firstly, to perform a meta-analysis of the identification procedures carried out in the literature; secondly, to determine the effectiveness of body size to make inferences about adulthood by surveying natural newt populations of Lissotriton helveticus and Ichthyosaura alpestris, and thirdly, to propose easy guidelines for an accurate distinction between large larvae and paedomorphs based on an external sexual trait, which is essential for reproduction — the cloaca. More than half of the studies in the literature do not mention the diagnostic criteria used for determining adulthood. The criteria mentioned were the presence of mature gonads (10%), eggs laid (4%), courtship behaviour (10%), and external morphological sexual traits (39%) including the cloaca (24%). Body-size thresholds should not be used as a proxy for paedomorphosis, because overwintering larvae can reach a larger size than paedomorphs within the same populations. In contrast, diagnosis based on cloacal external morphology is recommended, as it can be processed by the rapid visual assessment of all caught specimens, thus providing straightforward data at the individual level for both sexes. [less ▲]

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See detail1 Conjoint influence of mind-wandering and sleepiness on task performance
Stawarczyk, David ULg; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

in Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception & Performance (in press)

Recent research suggests that sleepiness and mind-wandering—the experience of thoughts that are both stimulus-independent and task-unrelated—frequently co-occur and are both associated with poorer ... [more ▼]

Recent research suggests that sleepiness and mind-wandering—the experience of thoughts that are both stimulus-independent and task-unrelated—frequently co-occur and are both associated with poorer cognitive functioning. Whether these two phenomena have distinguishable effects on task performance remains unknown, however. To investigate this question, we employed the online experience sampling of mind-wandering episodes and subjective sleepiness during a laboratory task (the Sustained Attention to Response Task; SART), and also assessed mind-wandering frequency and sleep-related disturbances in daily life using self-report questionnaires. The results revealed that the tendency to experience mind-wandering episodes during the SART and daily life was associated with higher levels of daytime sleepiness and sleep-related disturbances. Importantly, however, mind-wandering and sleepiness were independent predictors of SART performance at both the within- and between-individuals levels. These findings demonstrate that, although mind-wandering and sleepiness frequently co-occur, these two phenomena have distinguishable and additive effects on task performance. [less ▲]

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See detailCrop residue management in arable cropping systems under a temperate climate. Part 2: Soil physical properties and crop production. A review
Hiel, Marie-Pierre ULg; Chelin, Marie ULg; Parvin, Nargish ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment (in press)

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See detailLarge neighborhood search for multi-trip vehicle routing
François, Véronique ULg; Arda, Yasemin ULg; Crama, Yves ULg et al

in European Journal of Operational Research (in press)

We consider the multi-trip vehicle routing problem, in which each vehicle can perform several routes during the same working shift to serve a set of customers. The problem arises when customers are close ... [more ▼]

We consider the multi-trip vehicle routing problem, in which each vehicle can perform several routes during the same working shift to serve a set of customers. The problem arises when customers are close to each other or when their demands are large. A common approach consists of solving this problem by combining vehicle routing heuristics with bin packing routines in order to assign routes to vehicles. We compare this approach with a heuristic that makes use of specific operators designed to tackle the routing and the assignment aspects of the problem simultaneously. Two large neighborhood search heuristics are proposed to perform the comparison. We provide insights into the configuration of the proposed algorithms by analyzing the behavior of several of their components. In particular, we question the impact of the roulette wheel mechanism. We also observe that guiding the search with an objective function designed for the multi-trip case is crucial even when exploring the solution space of the vehicle routing problem. We provide several best known solutions for benchmark instances. [less ▲]

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See detailRNA-seq-based genome reannotation of dermatophyte Arthroderma benhamiae, characterization of its secretome and whole gene expression profile during infection
Tran, T; De Coi, N; Feuermann, M et al

in Genome Announcements (in press)

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See detailLa place de l'arbre dans les systèmes agricoles par les populations locales
Hick, Aurélie ULg; Hallin, Maud; Tshibungu, Alain et al

in Mahy, Grégory; Colinet, Gilles; Bogaert, Jan (Eds.) Anthropisation au Katanga (in press)

Dans un contexte de déforestation massive dans les zones rurales adjacentes aux grandes métropoles de la République Démocratique du Congo (RDC), zones d’approvisionnement en bois-énergie, l’identification ... [more ▼]

Dans un contexte de déforestation massive dans les zones rurales adjacentes aux grandes métropoles de la République Démocratique du Congo (RDC), zones d’approvisionnement en bois-énergie, l’identification de la place et du rôle que prend l’arbre dans les villages constituent un préalable à tous plan de restauration forestière. Ce chapitre porte sur les connaissances taxonomiques, les usages et la distribution des espèces arborées indigènes au sein de quatre villages en zone rurale adjacente à la ville de Lubumbashi, chef-lieu de la province du Katanga en RDC. Un total de 49 espèces indigènes de la forêt claire a été identifié par les 51 familles interrogées. Les utilisations sont classées en 6 catégories. Neuf espèces sont connues par plus de 50% des familles et correspondent aux espèces les plus utilisées pour l’alimentation via la consommation de leurs fruits et pour la confection d’outils. Les espèces citées par les personnes interrogées ne sont pas présentes dans le système agricole. La densité d’arbre à l’hectare au sein des champs est faible. Les espèces présentes sont des espèces résistantes aux facteurs de dégradation. Cette étude a montré que la connaissance taxonomique est limitée aux espèces les plus utilisées. Il n’y a pas de gestion intégrée de l’arbre au sein du système agricole dans la zone rurale adjacente à la ville de Lubumbashi. [less ▲]

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See detailPostcolonial Gateways and Walls: Under Construction
Tunca, Daria ULg; Wilson, Janet

Book published by Brill (in press)

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See detailBioclimatism in Architecture : an evolutionary perspective
Nguyen, Anh Tuan; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in International Journal of Design and Nature and Ecodynamics (in press)

Fundamentals of vernacular architecture have been used in bioclimatic architecture which has gradually become the inspiration of various movements in contemporary architecture. The study points out that ... [more ▼]

Fundamentals of vernacular architecture have been used in bioclimatic architecture which has gradually become the inspiration of various movements in contemporary architecture. The study points out that the development of bioclimatism in architecture has followed the pattern of a natural evolutionary process in which “natural selection” is likely motivated by several factors, including resources and environment problems, and driven by different mechanisms including novel building design concepts and methods, new standards and codes, discoveries in building science and construction costs. This study is an effort aimed to clarify the evolution process of the bioclimatic approach in architecture over time and its influences on contemporary movements in architecture. The paper shows also that the evolutionary theory generated new scientific tools able to improve building design thanks to simulation-based optimization methods applied to building performances. Finally, this study investigates new motivations in the era of climate change whose effects are expected to introduce more challenges as well as more trends towards a sustainable built environment through the new concept of Eco-adaptive architecture. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign and modelisation of a straylight facility for space optical instrument
Mazy, Emmanuel ULg; Stockman, Yvan ULg; Hellin, Marie-Laure ULg

in SPIE (Ed.) 2012 Optical system Design (in press)

In the framework of instrument calibration, straylight issues are a critical aspect that can deteriorate the optical performances of instrument. To cope with this, a new facility is designed dedicated for ... [more ▼]

In the framework of instrument calibration, straylight issues are a critical aspect that can deteriorate the optical performances of instrument. To cope with this, a new facility is designed dedicated for in-field and far field straylight characterization: up to 10-8 for in-field and up to 10-10 for far field straylight in the visible to NIR spectral ranges. Moreover, from previous straylight test performed at CSL, vacuum conditions are needed for reaching the 10-10 rejection requirement mainly to avoid air/dust diffusion. The major constrains are to design a straylight facility either for in-field and out-field straylight measurements. That requires high dynamic range at source level and a high radiance point source allowing small diverging collimated beam. Moreover, the straylight facility has to be implemented into a limited envelope and has to be built with vacuum compatible materials and black coating. As checking the facility performance requires an instrument better than the facility itself, that is no easy to find, so that the performances have been estimated through a modelisation into a non sequential optical software. This modelisation is based on CAD importation of mechanical design, on BRDF characteristics of black coating and on statistical averaging of ray tracing at instrument entrance. [less ▲]

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See detailDiagram of the Brentano School
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Kriegel, Uriah (Ed.) Handbook of Brentano and the Brentano School (in press)

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See detailLinguistic variation in Ancient Egyptian. An introduction to the state of the art (with special attention to the community of Deir el-Medina)
Polis, Stéphane ULg

in Cromwell, Jennifer; Grossman, Eitan (Eds.) Beyond Free Variation: Scribal Repertoires from Old Kingdom to Early Islamic Egypt (in press)

In this chapter, I explore different aspects of the variability ‘inherent to human languages’ as it manifests itself in the corpus of pre-Demotic texts from Ancient Egypt. More specifically, I adopt a ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, I explore different aspects of the variability ‘inherent to human languages’ as it manifests itself in the corpus of pre-Demotic texts from Ancient Egypt. More specifically, I adopt a sociolinguistic perspective and describe the types of impact that extra-linguistic factors have had on the written performance in this specific socio-cultural setting. [less ▲]

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See detailLes différentes modalités d’évaluation en accompagnement collectif.
Bernard, Nicolas; Faulx, Daniel ULg

in Education Permanente (in press)

L’accompagnement collectif constitue un mode de développement des individus et des équipes qui bénéficie aujourd’hui d’une abondante littérature méthodologique et théorique. Bien que cette question soit ... [more ▼]

L’accompagnement collectif constitue un mode de développement des individus et des équipes qui bénéficie aujourd’hui d’une abondante littérature méthodologique et théorique. Bien que cette question soit moins documentée actuellement, l’accompagnement collectif met en jeu également des démarches d’évaluation qui viennent en appui du processus. Basé sur quatre études de cas, cet article propose une modélisation des différentes possibilités d’évaluations, triées en fonction de quatre critères (niveaux, temporalités, contenus, formes). Chaque modalité est illustrée à l’aide d’un cas fil rouge. Cela débouche sur une multiplicité de possibilités d’application de l’évaluation au service de l’accompagnement. Nous terminons par discuter comment cette pratique peut être théorisée en termes de posture épistémologique. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of the secondary endosymbiont Serratia Symbiotica on the resistance to the parasitism in the aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum
Attia, Sabrine; Foray, Vincent; Louâpre, Philippe et al

in Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies (in press)

Aphids have an obligate association with the primary symbiont Buchnera aphidicola and is known to affect aphid fitness. Aphids commonly harbour other facultative bacterial endosymbionts and may benefit ... [more ▼]

Aphids have an obligate association with the primary symbiont Buchnera aphidicola and is known to affect aphid fitness. Aphids commonly harbour other facultative bacterial endosymbionts and may benefit from their presence through increased resistance to parasitoids [1]. Present results suggest that the ability of hosts to defend against natural enemies depend not only on the presence of symbionts but also on the host genotype. Aphids represent a complex micro-environment for the parasitoid larvae and both the aphid physiology and endosymbiont influence their survival until mummification. [less ▲]

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See detailANALYSES OF EARLY MEDIEVAL STAINED WINDOW GLASS FROM THE MONASTERY OF BAUME-LES- MESSIEURS (JURA, FRANCE)
Van Wersch, Line ULg; Loisel, C.; Mathis, François ULg et al

in Archaeometry (in press)

The collection of early medieval window glass found in the abbey of Baume-les-Messieurs (Jura, France) is exceptional because it dates to the end of the eighth century, and due to the number of fragments ... [more ▼]

The collection of early medieval window glass found in the abbey of Baume-les-Messieurs (Jura, France) is exceptional because it dates to the end of the eighth century, and due to the number of fragments as well as their state of conservation. Different colours and forms have been identified. These pieces are a rare opportunity to address the glass craft, its recipes and techniques for a phase of its history that has remained little known. Analyses in PIXE–PIGE prove that, in addition to fragments from two soda glass items, the pieces are made from wood-ash glass. Most of them probably came from the same production and the raw material is present in the region. At this early stage of wood-ash glass production, the glassmakers had mastered the glass as well as the colour processes. [less ▲]

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See detailL’apport du biofeedback dans le traitement des troubles de la voix
Remacle, Angélique ULg; Boughabi, Loubna; Morsomme, Dominique ULg

in Actes des XVIèmes Rencontres internationales d’orthophonie (in press)

It has recently become possible to monitor patients’ voices outside the speech therapist’s office with a portable, easy-to-use tool: the voice dosimeter. This tool measures voice frequency and sound ... [more ▼]

It has recently become possible to monitor patients’ voices outside the speech therapist’s office with a portable, easy-to-use tool: the voice dosimeter. This tool measures voice frequency and sound pressure level, as well as the duration of phonation, during a full day of regular activities. In addition to voice accumulation in an ecological context, the dosimeter used in this study (VoxLog, Sonvox) gives patients feedback on their voice use. In practice, the clinician configures the device so that it provides a vibratory signal in real time when the patient speaks above or below a predetermined frequency or sound pressure threshold. The feedback is intended to make patients aware of inappropriate vocal behavior and encourage them to change it. In this case study, we used biofeedback with the aim of reducing sound pressure level for a teacher suffering from vocal fold nodules. Our goal was to determine whether vibrotactile biofeedback applied in an ecological context for three consecutive weeks could reduce excess sound pressure. The feedback was activated every time the teacher spoke too loudly; its purpose was to help her avoid vocal abuse and (re)learn healthy vocal behaviors. This preliminary study generated encouraging results regarding the use of biofeedback in voice treatment. Nevertheless, it is important to investigate how this tool can best be implemented for patient management in speech language pathology. In addition, the method should be validated with randomized studies using a larger sample. [less ▲]

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See detailFibroblast growth factor 23 in acute burn patients: Novel insights from an intact-form assay.
ROUSSEAU, Anne-Françoise ULg; Souberbielle; DELANAYE, Pierre ULg et al

in Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries (in press)

INTRODUCTION: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a key regulator in phosphate and vitamin D metabolism When measured with c-terminal assay, it has been shown to be increased following burn. Progress ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a key regulator in phosphate and vitamin D metabolism When measured with c-terminal assay, it has been shown to be increased following burn. Progress in understanding FGF23 physiology has emphasized the importance of assessing the intact form of FGF23. METHODS: The present cohort study is a complementary analysis of a previously published work. Patients >18 years, admitted within 24h after injury with burn surface area (BSA) >10% were included. C-terminal (c-term) and intact (i) FGF23 assay were performed at admission and every week during 4 weeks of follow-up. Inflammation and iron status were assessed at the same time points. RESULTS: Twenty patients were initially included and 12 were followed until day 28. The c-term FGF23 tended to gradually increase during the 4 weeks of follow-up while iFGF23 was quite stable into normal ranges. Iron status showed a typical inflammatory profile. C-term FGF23 was significantly positively correlated with c-reactive protein (CRP) and negatively correlated with iron levels. iFGF23 was not correlated with CRP or iron. CONCLUSION: FGF23 status following burn is characterized by a dissociation between c-term FGF23 and iFGF23. The hypothesis of an increased cleavage may be raised. Respective role of inflammation and iron levels in such deregulation need to be specified. Both c-term and intact assays should be performed in further studies aiming to increase knowledge on FGF23 regulation and effects in burn patients. [less ▲]

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