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See detailStudy of the microbial diversity in vacuum-packed chilled beef from different origins through a metagenomics approach
Didimo Imazaki, Pedro Henrique ULg; Taminiau, Bernard ULg; Nezer, Carine et al

Poster (2012, April)

Despite a diverse initial microbial population, bacterial spoilage of vacuum-packed chilled beef is mainly due to the growth of psychrotrophic bacteria. The study of the microflora of vacuum-packed ... [more ▼]

Despite a diverse initial microbial population, bacterial spoilage of vacuum-packed chilled beef is mainly due to the growth of psychrotrophic bacteria. The study of the microflora of vacuum-packed chilled beef remains a challenge since some members of the microflora may be missed or not identified by cultivation-based methods. The aim of this study was to evaluate the microbial diversity in eight batches of vacuum-packed chilled beef from different origins (Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Ireland and United Kingdom) by metagenomics. Longissimus dorsi muscle samples were homogenized and analysed in early and late stages of their shelf life by metagenomics. The metagenomic assays consisted in DNA extraction, 16S ribosomal RNA gene amplification, pyrosequencing and data analysis. All samples, except for two batches from Australia, presented a high microbial diversity in the beginning of their shelf life. Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas, Burkholderia, Lactobacillus and Sterotrophomonas were some of the major bacteria identified at this stage of storage. The dominant flora (> 80 % of relative abundance) in two Australian batches was composed by Carnobacterium. At the end of the shelf life of the samples, a decrease in microbial diversity was observed in almost all batches. At this stage of storage, Carnobacterium, Lactobacillus, Lactococcus and Enterococcus were some of the major genera identified. Carnobacterium remained the dominant flora in the two Australian batches cited above, which could explain the long shelf life applicable to this meat (140 days) as some Carnobacterium strains induce a biopreservative effect especially by producing bacteriocins with a wide inhibition spectrum. Metagenomics showed to be a very useful tool to study the microbial population of a complex matrix such as meat since some of the identified genera such as Lactobacillus and Carnobacterium are known not to grow or to grow slowly in media commonly used for the isolation and cultivation of total viable counts. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of drying and hydrothermal treatment of corn on the denaturation of salt-soluble proteins and color parameters
Odjo, Sylvanus; Malumba Kamba, Paul ULg; Dossou, Joseph et al

in Journal of Food Engineering (2012), 109(3), 561-570

The effect of heat treatments (drying and hydrothermal treatment) on the extractability of salt-soluble protein (SSP) was assessed using Promatest methodology for corn kernels heated between 60 C and 120 ... [more ▼]

The effect of heat treatments (drying and hydrothermal treatment) on the extractability of salt-soluble protein (SSP) was assessed using Promatest methodology for corn kernels heated between 60 C and 120 C. During drying, the evolution of the grain moisture content is fitted using the analytical solution of Fick equation developed by Crank (1979) for spherical material. The decrease of extractible salt-soluble protein during heating is forecasted using a first and a second order ordinary differential equation. It was found that temperature; moisture content and time of processing greatly influence the kinetic denaturation of SSP of corn kernels. The evolution of extractible SSP content of corn kernels during drying at high temperature is more correctly described with second order kinetic than with the first order kinetic reaction. The Hunterlab color parameters of corn also vary during drying. Lightness and color intensity decrease while yellowness, redness, chroma and hue angle increase through drying time. Most of these Hunterlab color parameters are highly correlated with the salt-soluble proteins content and therefore could be used as indicators of excessive heat treatment and denaturation of salt-soluble proteins in corn kernels [less ▲]

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See detailBase de données sols de REQUASUD - 3ème synthèse
Genot, Valérie ULg; Renneson, Malorie ULg; Colinet, Gilles ULg et al

Book published by ASBL REQUASUD - D/2012/8689/1 (2012)

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See detailDISco: a Distributed Information Store for Network Challenges and Their Outcome
Martin, Sylvain ULg; Chiarello, Laurent ULg; Leduc, Guy ULg

in Keeney, John; Serrat, Joan (Eds.) 5th International workshop on Distributed Autonomous Network Management Systems (2012, April)

We present the design of DISco, a storage and communication middleware that enables distributed and task-centric autonomic control of networks. DISco allows multi-agent identification of anomalous ... [more ▼]

We present the design of DISco, a storage and communication middleware that enables distributed and task-centric autonomic control of networks. DISco allows multi-agent identification of anomalous situations (challenges) and assists coordinated remediation that will maintain service at an acceptable level, although degraded. The history of agents decisions, their context and outcomes is tracked as the situation evolves, and information is automatically gathered and organised to ease further human-assisted diagnosis. We then explore the feasibility of using state of the art peer-to-peer publish/subscribe and storage systems as building blocks for this service. The ability of those systems to support range queries and aggregation will be a key factor for their suitability to the task. [less ▲]

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See detailPrésentation des résultats de la recherche SAFE
Reiter, Sigrid ULg; Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; de Meester, Tatiana

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

Présentation des résultats de la recherche SAFE et d'un outil interactif permettant à différentes catégories d'utilisateurs d'estimer les consommations d'énergie relatives à leur logement et à leur ... [more ▼]

Présentation des résultats de la recherche SAFE et d'un outil interactif permettant à différentes catégories d'utilisateurs d'estimer les consommations d'énergie relatives à leur logement et à leur déplacements, à les comparer et à trouver des pistes concrètes d'amélioration. [less ▲]

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See detailEditorial
Bullens, Quentin ULg

in Carnet de Notes sur les Maltraitances Infantiles (2012), 1

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See detailRevealing MPLS Tunnels Obscured from Traceroute
Donnet, Benoît ULg; Luckie, Matthew; Mérindol, Pascal et al

in Computer Communication Review (2012), 42(2), 87-93

Operators have deployed Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) in the Internet for over a decade. However, its impact on Internet topology measurements is not well known, and it is possible for some MPLS ... [more ▼]

Operators have deployed Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) in the Internet for over a decade. However, its impact on Internet topology measurements is not well known, and it is possible for some MPLS configurations to lead to false router-level links in maps derived from traceroute data. In this paper, we introduce a measurement-based classification of MPLS tunnels, identifying tunnels where IP hops are revealed but not explicitly tagged as label switching routers, as well as tunnels that obscure the underlying path. Using a large-scale dataset we collected, we show that paths frequently cross MPLS tunnels in today's Internet: in our data, at least 30% of the paths we tested traverse an MPLS tunnel. We also propose and evaluate several methods to reveal MPLS tunnels that are not explicitly flagged as such: we discover that their fraction is significant (up to half the explicit tunnel quantity) but most of them do not obscure IP-level topology discovery. [less ▲]

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See detailPrecision of continuous neonatal ventilator respiratory mechanics is improved with selected optimal respiratory cycles.
RIGO, Vincent ULg; Graas, Estelle; RIGO, Jacques ULg

in European journal of pediatrics (2012), 171(4), 689-96

Given their high apparent variability, bedside continuous respiratory mechanics (RM) parameters (excepting tidal volume (VT)) remain infrequently used for adjustment of neonatal ventilatory settings. RM ... [more ▼]

Given their high apparent variability, bedside continuous respiratory mechanics (RM) parameters (excepting tidal volume (VT)) remain infrequently used for adjustment of neonatal ventilatory settings. RM parameters provided by ventilator (VRC) from 10 recordings of newborns (10 minutes in synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation and Assist/control (A/C)) were compared to those computed from visually selected assisted leak-free optimal respiratory cycles (SRC). Mean values, variability and ability to distinguish patients were compared between VRC and SRC. Dynamic resistances were more correlated (r²=0.95) than compliances (r²=0.42). VT’s were correlated only in A/C (r²=0.78). C20/C was significantly higher in VRC (1.81±0.67) than in SRC (1.23±0.36) and frequently out of neonatal reference range. In A/C ventilation, VT was higher in VRC (5.6 ±1.8 ml/kg) than in SRC (4.8 ±1.0 ml/kg) (p<0.05). Displayed VT’s don’t reflect those found in optimal assisted breaths and therefore have incomplete value in assessing adequacy of ventilator settings. The variability of RM parameters provided by the ventilator is large, and coefficients of variation were significantly lower with optimal respiratory cycles (for Resistance, Compliance, VT and C20/C: 27, 26, 18, 24% in SRC, 36, 35, 40, 33% in VRC). Selecting optimal cycles yields RM with a 2-3 times higher discriminating power between patients. Conclusion: Current ventilator’s RM parameters have limited clinical use. Using optimal breaths to calculate RM parameters improves precision and discriminating power. For integration to ventilatory care, automation of this selection must be implemented first. [less ▲]

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See detailA prospective study of cardiac valvular status in patients treated with cabergoline for Endocrine Disease
VROONEN, Laurent ULg; Lancellotti, Patrizio ULg; Tome Garcia, M et al

in Annales d'Endocrinologie (2012, April), 73(2), 148

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See detailClinical characterization of cabergoline resistant prolactinomas : a multicenter experience on 92 patients
VROONEN, Laurent ULg; Jaffrain Rea, ML; PETROSSIANS, Patrick ULg et al

in Annales d'Endocrinologie (2012, April), 73(2), 153

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See detailA fully nonlinear finite element model for orthodontic tooth movement prediction
Mengoni, Marlène ULg; D'Otreppe, Vinciane ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering. (2012, April)

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See detailAn adaptive thermal comfort model for hot humid South-East Asia
Nguyen, Anh Tuan ULg; Singh, Manoj Kumar ULg; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Building & Environment (2012), 56

The present paper presents a full procedure to develop an adaptive comfort model for South-East Asia. Meta-analysis on large number of observations from field surveys which were conducted in this region ... [more ▼]

The present paper presents a full procedure to develop an adaptive comfort model for South-East Asia. Meta-analysis on large number of observations from field surveys which were conducted in this region was employed. Standardization and bias control of the database were fully reported. Statistical tests of significance and weighted regression method applied in the analyses strengthened the reliability of the findings. This paper found a great influence of ‘Griffiths constant’ on the establishment of adaptive comfort equation and proposed an appropriate value. The adaptive comfort model generated is applicable to naturally ventilated building under hot and humid conditions of South-East Asia. The mean neutral comfort temperature (operative temperature, effective temperature, standard effective temperature) in naturally ventilated and air-conditioned building was compared and the differences have been discussed. The similar neutral standard effective temperature in both naturally ventilated and air-conditioned building proposes a new idea to implement SET* into building simulation tools to assess thermal comfort without the attention of building classification. Through the analysis, the effectiveness of behavioral adaptive actions on occupant’s thermal perception has been argued. The extended PMV-PPD model for hot humid conditions was examined and its applicability was recommended. Other comfort related issues, the differences and similarities between various adaptive comfort models were also addressed. [less ▲]

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See detailPosture polémique ou polémisation de la posture ?
Moor, Louise ULg

in COnTEXTES : Revue de Sociologie de la Littérature (2012), 10

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See detailToward a Taxonomy of Key Success Factors for SME’s in a Changing Environment : the case of the Luxury Industry
Riguelle, France ULg; Van Caillie, Didier ULg

in Proceedings of the The 12th IAMB Conference (2012, April)

This paper aims at proposing a synthetic taxonomy of key success factors (KSF) for SME's in the luxury industry. Both typologies of KSF for SME's in overall on the one hand, and for companies of the ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at proposing a synthetic taxonomy of key success factors (KSF) for SME's in the luxury industry. Both typologies of KSF for SME's in overall on the one hand, and for companies of the luxury industry on the other hand, constructed on a basis of a critical literature review regarding the two domains concerned (SME's performance management and performance management of companies of the luxury industry) are gathered to propose a single synthetic taxonomy of KSF for SME's of the luxury industry. [less ▲]

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See detailROLE OF ACTIVE ERP PARADIGMS IN AWARENESS DETECTION IN NON RESPONSIVE PATIENTS
Lugo, Zulay; Lesenfants, Damien ULg; Lehembre, Remy ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 1st international DECODER Workshop (2012, April)

The role of active vs. passive ERP paradigms in disorders of consciousness is assessed in this case study of a LIS patient. Results show that despite absent P3 in a passive auditory task, the patient ... [more ▼]

The role of active vs. passive ERP paradigms in disorders of consciousness is assessed in this case study of a LIS patient. Results show that despite absent P3 in a passive auditory task, the patient displayed significant differences in the active task. This study shows the importance of using a large battery of tests when assessing DOC patients. [less ▲]

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See detailNatural Killer cells - role in local tumor growth and metastasis
Langers, Inge ULg; Renoux, Virginie ULg; Thiry, Marc ULg et al

in Biologics: Targets and Therapy (2012)

Historically, the name of Natural Killer (NK) cells came from their natural ability to kill tumor cells in vitro. From the seventies to date, accumulating data highlighted the importance of NK cells in ... [more ▼]

Historically, the name of Natural Killer (NK) cells came from their natural ability to kill tumor cells in vitro. From the seventies to date, accumulating data highlighted the importance of NK cells in host immune response against cancer and in therapy-induced anti-tumor response. The recognition and the lysis of tumor cells by NK cells are regulated by a complex balance of inhibitory and activating signals. This review summarizes NK cell mechanisms to kill cancer cells, their role in host immune responses against tumor growth or metastasis and their implications in anti-tumor immunotherapies via cytokines, antibodies or in combination with other therapies. The regulatory role of NK cells in autoimmunity is also discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailEl papel de los academicos en la sociedad del conocimiento
Jacquemain, Marc ULg

in Casas Guerrero, Rosalba; Carton de Grammont, Hubert (Eds.) Democracia, conocimiento y cultura (2012)

Los academicos en la sociedad del concocimiento tienen a la vez un papel de expertos y de ciudadanos. Su funcion en la sociedad del conocimiento supone que sus cualficaciones como expertos vengan en apoyo ... [more ▼]

Los academicos en la sociedad del concocimiento tienen a la vez un papel de expertos y de ciudadanos. Su funcion en la sociedad del conocimiento supone que sus cualficaciones como expertos vengan en apoyo al funcionamiento democratico de la sociedad lo que les impide actuar sencillamente como profesionales sinon tambien como actores democraticos. [less ▲]

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See detailToward a Risk Based Simulation for the Erection of an Offshore Windmill Park
Caprace, Jean-David ULg; Petcu, Cristian ULg; Velarde, Marco et al

in Proceeding of the 11th International Conference on Computer Applications and Information Technology in the Maritime Industries (2012, April)

Nowadays, EU shipyards that are facing difficulties due to the global crisis are often trying to diversify their activities. Some of them have already turned to the production of offshore windmill ... [more ▼]

Nowadays, EU shipyards that are facing difficulties due to the global crisis are often trying to diversify their activities. Some of them have already turned to the production of offshore windmill components. The installation and operation of offshore windmills are much more complex than onshore due to the distance and the depth of the water column. This creates problems specific to the production, installation and maintenance of offshore wind turbines. A tool for sequencing and installation simulation has been developed to assess the risks associated to the assembly of wind turbines parks via simulations of the different phases of construction considering various random phenomena such as weather conditions and uncertainties on production time. [less ▲]

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