Publications ORBi OA
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA threshold-based weather model for predicting stripe rust infection in winter wheat
El Jarroudi, Moussa ULg; Kouadio, Louis; Bock, Clive et al

in Plant Disease (in press)

Wheat stripe rust (caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici) is a major threat in most wheat growing regions worldwide, which potentially causes substantial yield losses when environmental conditions ... [more ▼]

Wheat stripe rust (caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici) is a major threat in most wheat growing regions worldwide, which potentially causes substantial yield losses when environmental conditions are favorable. Data from 1999-2015 for three representative wheat-growing sites in Luxembourg were used to develop a threshold-based weather model for predicting wheat stripe rust. First, the range of favorable weather conditions using a Monte Carlo simulation method based on the Dennis model were characterized. Then, the optimum combined favorable weather variables (air temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall) during the most critical infection period (May-June) was identified and was used to develop the model. Uninterrupted hours with such favorable weather conditions over each dekad (i.e., 10-day period) during May-June were also considered when building the model. Results showed that a combination of relative humidity > 92% and 4°C < temperature < 16°C for a minimum of 4 continuous hours, associated with rainfall ≤ 0.1 mm (with the dekad having these conditions for 5-20% of the time), were optimum to the development of a wheat stripe rust epidemic. The model accurately predicted infection events: probabilities of detection were ≥ 0.90 and false alarm ratios were ≤ 0.38 on average, and critical success indexes ranged from 0.63 to 1. The method is potentially applicable to studies of other economically important fungal diseases of other crops or in different geographical locations. If weather forecasts are available, the threshold-based weather model can be integrated into an operational warning system to guide fungicide applications. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailHarzé - La Gleize. Carte géologique de la Wallonie. Notice explicative
Lamberty, Pauline ULg; Marion, Jean-Marc ULg; Mottequin, Bernard et al

Book published by SPW/Editions (in press)

New geological map of Wallonia published at the scale of 1/25.000, based on a new field work and using previous scientific data produced, since the first edition published in 1899 (Gustave Dewalque) at ... [more ▼]

New geological map of Wallonia published at the scale of 1/25.000, based on a new field work and using previous scientific data produced, since the first edition published in 1899 (Gustave Dewalque) at the scale of 1/40.000 by the "Commission Géologique de Belgique" and the second one, published in 1959 (Asselberghs & Geukens) at the scale of 1/40.000 by the Geological Survey of Belgium. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (37 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCarte géologique de la Wallonie à l'échelle 1:25.000. Stavelot - Malmedy n°50/5-6
Lamberty, Pauline ULg; Geukens, Fernand; Marion, Jean-Marc ULg

Cartographic material (in press)

New geological map of Wallonia that will be published at the scale of 1/25.000, based on a new field work and using previous scientific data produced, since the first edition published in 1899 (Gustave ... [more ▼]

New geological map of Wallonia that will be published at the scale of 1/25.000, based on a new field work and using previous scientific data produced, since the first edition published in 1899 (Gustave Dewalque) at the scale of 1/40,000 by the "Commission Géologique de Belgique" and the second one, published in 1963 (Fernand Geukens) at the scale of 1/25,000 by the Geological Survey of Belgium. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (10 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCarte géologique de la wallonie à l'échelle 1:25 000. Notice explicative. Huy-Nandrin n°48/3-4
Mottequin, Bernard ULg; Marion, Jean-Marc ULg

Book published by SPW/ Editions - Révision et 2ème édition (in press)

New geological map of Wallonia published at the scale of 1/25.000 (field work at the scale of 1/10.000), based on a new field work and using previous scientific data produced, since the first edition ... [more ▼]

New geological map of Wallonia published at the scale of 1/25.000 (field work at the scale of 1/10.000), based on a new field work and using previous scientific data produced, since the first edition published in 1898 (G. Dewalque, H. Forir, M. Lohest, C. Malaise, Ch. de la Vallée Poussin & A. Renard ) at the scale of 1/40.000 by the "Commission Géologique de Belgique" and the second one, published in 1959 (Asselberghs & Geukens) at the scale of 1/40.000 by the Geological Survey of Belgium. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 194 (43 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLouveigné-Spa n°49/3-4. Carte géologique de la Wallonie à l'échelle du 1:25.000. Notice explicative
Marion, Jean-Marc ULg; Geukens, Fernand; Lamberty, Pauline ULg et al

Book published by SPW/Editions, Cartes - Révision et 3ème édition complète (in press)

Manuscript submitted for reviewing (2017/03); leaflet of the new geological map of Wallonia published at the scale of 1/25.000, based on a new field work and using previous scientific data produced since ... [more ▼]

Manuscript submitted for reviewing (2017/03); leaflet of the new geological map of Wallonia published at the scale of 1/25.000, based on a new field work and using previous scientific data produced since the previous editions, in 1898 (at the scale of 1/40.000, by Gustave Dewalque) and the second one, in 1958 (at the scale of 1/25.000 by Paul Fourmarier). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMultivariate analysis of 18F-DMFP PET data to assist the diagnosis of parkinsonism
Segovia, Fermin; Gorriz, Juan M.; Ramirez, Javier et al

in Frontiers in Neuroinformatics (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCarte géologique de Wallonie. Louveigné-Spa n°49/3-4
Marion, Jean-Marc ULg; Geukens, Fernand; Lamberty, Pauline ULg et al

Cartographic material (in press)

New geological map of Wallonia published at the scale of 1/25.000, based on a new field work and using previous scientific data produced since the previous editions, in 1898 (at the scale of 1/40.000, by ... [more ▼]

New geological map of Wallonia published at the scale of 1/25.000, based on a new field work and using previous scientific data produced since the previous editions, in 1898 (at the scale of 1/40.000, by Gustave Dewalque) and the second one, in 1958 (at the scale of 1/25.000 by Paul Fourmarier). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (23 ULg)
Full Text
See detailHarzé - La Gleize. Carte géologique de la Wallonie. Cartes.
Lamberty, Pauline ULg; Mottequin, Bernard; Geukens, Fernand et al

Cartographic material (in press)

New geological map of Wallonia published at the scale of 1/25.000, based on a new field work and using previous scientific data produced, since the first edition published in 1899 (Gustave Dewalque) at ... [more ▼]

New geological map of Wallonia published at the scale of 1/25.000, based on a new field work and using previous scientific data produced, since the first edition published in 1899 (Gustave Dewalque) at the scale of 1/40.000 by the "Commission Géologique de Belgique" and the second one, published in 1959 (Asselberghs & Geukens) at the scale of 1/40.000 by the Geological Survey of Belgium. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (10 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMind-wandering and self-referential thought
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

in The Oxford Handbook of Spontaneous Thought (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFair Trade and Co-operatives
Nicholls, Alex; Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

in Michie, Jonathan; Blassi, J.; Borzaga, Carlo (Eds.) The Handbook of Co-operative and Mutual Businesses (in press)

The Fair Trade and co-operative movements have much in common. This chapter aims to examine the convergences and divergences between the two fields, highlighting what they can learn from each other and ... [more ▼]

The Fair Trade and co-operative movements have much in common. This chapter aims to examine the convergences and divergences between the two fields, highlighting what they can learn from each other and how practitioners and researchers in the two areas can better collaborate. Fair trade is an innovative approach to economic development that uses a market-driven approach to exploit the growing trend in ethical, or caused-based, consumption (Nicholls & Opal 2005). Fair Trade organizations aim to re-engineer the value chains between poor producers and artisans - typically in developing countries - and their wholesale buyers such that a greater proportion of the overall rents accrue to those who provide the inputs. Put simply, Fair Trade aims to ensure that the poorest actors in a supply chain benefit from more of the overall financial value creation as a development tool. Moreover, Fair Trade reconnects producers and consumers at the point of purchase such that consumption becomes a political – or, at least, life style – choice. This chapter is structured as follows. After this introduction, the second section describes the development of Fair Trade from its historical roots to the current organizational landscape and market organization. Next there is a discussion of several key issues and challenges that have emerged as Fair Trade has become increasingly institutionalized. Then, the fourth section explores the relationship between Fair Trade and the co-operative and mutual movements. Finally, conclusions serve to sum up the chapter. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 151 (15 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailStimmstörungen bei Lehrkräften im Vorbereitungsdienst
Schiller, Isabel ULg

in Hannken-Illjes, Kati (Ed.) Sprache und Sprechen (in press)

Lehrer weisen ein erhöhtes Risiko auf, Stimmstörungen zu entwickeln. Sogar Lehramtsstudierende sind bereits zu etwa 20% betroffen, obwohl die stimmlichen Anforderungen während des Studiums noch gering ... [more ▼]

Lehrer weisen ein erhöhtes Risiko auf, Stimmstörungen zu entwickeln. Sogar Lehramtsstudierende sind bereits zu etwa 20% betroffen, obwohl die stimmlichen Anforderungen während des Studiums noch gering ausfallen (vgl. Ettehad 2004). Nur unzureichend wurde bislang die Stimme von Lehrkräften im Vorbereitungsdienst (LiV) untersucht. Gleichwohl ist der Vorbereitungsdienst ein kritischer Zeitraum. LiV unterrichten etwa 12 Stunden pro Woche und stehen unter hohem Leistungsdruck. Dies kann sich potentiell negativ auf die Stimme auswirken. Ziel der Studie war es demnach, die Prävalenz und Art von Stimmstörungen bei Lehrkräften im Vorbereitungsdienst zu bestimmen. Weiterhin sollten Zusammenhänge zwischen subjektiven und objektiven stimmbezogenen Daten untersucht werden. 73 LiV nahmen an der Studie teil, die sich aus einem selbstkonzipierten Fragebogen und der Erhebung objektiver Daten zusammensetzt. Probanden, die im Fragebogen angaben, während des Vorbereitungsdienstes bereits zwei oder mehr Symptome einer Stimmstörung wahrgenommen zu haben, wurden als stimmgestört klassifiziert. Anhand objektiver Messungen wurden zudem die Variablen maximale Tonhaltedauer (THD), Jitter und Shimmer erhoben und mit den subjektiven Daten in Beziehung gesetzt. Bei 37% der Probanden ergaben sich Hinweise auf das Vorliegen einer Stimmstörung. Besonders häufig wurden die Symptome Rauigkeit, Räusperzwang oder Lautstärkeprobleme genannt. Es bestand kein signifikanter Zusammenhang zwischen den subjektiven und den objektiven Daten. Die Ergebnisse deuten darauf hin, dass angehende Lehrkräfte im Zeitraum des Vorbereitungsdienstes vermehrt zu Stimmproblemen neigen. Dies unterstreicht die Notwendigkeit von interventiven Maßnahmen, die bereits im Studium zum Tragen kommen sollten. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAnti-Salmonella activity and probiotic trends of Kluyveromyces marxianus S-2-05 and Kluyveromyces lactis S-3-05 isolated from a French cheese named "Tomme d'Orchies"
Ceugniez, Alexandre; Coucheney, Françoise; Jacques, Philippe et al

in Research in Microbiology (in press)

Kluyveromyces marxianus S-2-05 and Kluyveromyces lactis S-3-05 were recently isolated from a traditional French cheese, Tomme d'Orchies, and characterized here for their advantages using a different ... [more ▼]

Kluyveromyces marxianus S-2-05 and Kluyveromyces lactis S-3-05 were recently isolated from a traditional French cheese, Tomme d'Orchies, and characterized here for their advantages using a different application perspective. First, we established their anti-Salmonella activity and downregulation of the virulence sopD gene of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium, mainly in the presence of K. marxianus S-2-05. In addition to their antagonism, these non-Saccharomyces yeasts were able to survive under conditions mimicking the gastrointestinal environment and to form biofilms on an abiotic device such as polystyrene. These strains also displayed highly hydrophilic cell wall surfaces properties and capacity for adhesion to intestinal Caco-2 cells, thus enhancing their potential as probiotic strains. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLocal Control of AC/DC Converters for Frequency Support Between Asynchronous AC Areas
Papangelis, Lampros ULg; Debry, Marie-Sophie; Panciatici, Patrick et al

in IEEE PES 2017 PowerTech conference proceedings (in press)

This paper proposes a novel control scheme for frequency support among asynchronous AC areas through HVDC grids. It is based on local controllers, each acting on a voltage source converter, using locally ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a novel control scheme for frequency support among asynchronous AC areas through HVDC grids. It is based on local controllers, each acting on a voltage source converter, using locally available measurements only, and supporting frequency of the adjacent AC area after a significant disturbance. The controller is combined with the existing DC voltage droop technique and is inspired of Model Predictive Control, taking into account various constraints. The coordination of the proposed control scheme with the existing secondary frequency control of an AC area is also discussed. Examples obtained from a test system with a five-terminal DC network connecting two asynchronous areas demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed control scheme. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAutomated multimodal volume registration based on supervised 3D anatomical landmark detection
Vandaele, Rémy ULg; LALLEMAND, François ULg; MARTINIVE, Philippe ULg et al

in SCITEPRESS Digital Library (in press)

We propose a new method for automatic 3D multimodal registration based on anatomical landmark detection. Landmark detectors are learned independantly in the two imaging modalities using Extremely ... [more ▼]

We propose a new method for automatic 3D multimodal registration based on anatomical landmark detection. Landmark detectors are learned independantly in the two imaging modalities using Extremely Randomized Trees and multi-resolution voxel windows. A least-squares fitting algorithm is then used for rigid registration based on the landmark positions as predicted by these detectors in the two imaging modalities. Experiments are carried out with this method on a dataset of pelvis CT and CBCT scans related to 45 patients. On this dataset, our fully automatic approach yields results very competitive with respect to a manually assisted state-of-the-art rigid registration algorithm. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 97 (25 ULg)
Full Text
See detailArt Nouveau in Liège : From Avant-garde to a new Eclectism
Charlier, Sébastien ULg

in Coupdefouet (in press), 28

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailSTARECAPMED, des indices pour La Méditerranée
Leduc, Michèle; Abadie, Arnaud; Donnay, Annick et al

in Actes du colloque Carhamb'ar 2017 (in press)

Le projet STARECAPMED (STAtion of Reference and rEsearch on Change of local and global Anthropogenic Pressures on Mediterranean Ecosystems Drifts) a pour objectif (i) d’améliorer la compréhension du ... [more ▼]

Le projet STARECAPMED (STAtion of Reference and rEsearch on Change of local and global Anthropogenic Pressures on Mediterranean Ecosystems Drifts) a pour objectif (i) d’améliorer la compréhension du fonctionnement des différents écosystèmes marins côtiers présents en Méditerranée et (ii) de décrire l’influence des activités humaines sur les processus qui gouvernent ce fonctionnement. La baie de Calvi, par sa situation exceptionnelle, est un site de référence de la Directive Européenne Cadre sur l’Eau (DCE), du monitoring de l’eutrophisation et de la contamination par les éléments traces. La Station de recherches océanographiques STARESO, implantée dans la baie depuis près de 50 ans, possède un accès unique à la mer et de nombreuses facilités logistiques. Elle a développé au fil du temps une expertise scientifique reposant notamment sur l’acquisition de longues séries temporelles de données environnementales. Ensemble, Baie et Station s’intègrent en un site atelier dédié à l’évaluation de l’état de santé des écosystèmes marins côtiers de Méditerranée Nord-Occidentale. En particulier, différents indices et indicateurs y sont développés en collaboration avec de nombreux laboratoires partenaires. Ainsi, nous avons développé, d’une part, une version non destructive de l’indice PREI (Posidonia Rapid Easy Index) d’évaluation de la qualité des eaux côtières reposant sur le suivi des herbiers à Posidonia oceanica, et d’autre part, deux indices d’évaluation de l’impact des ancrages, puis testé   l’indice EBQI (Ecosystem Based Quality Index), une approche sur la diversité écologique. Les indices TEPI (Trace Element Pollution Index) et TESVI (Trace Element Spatial Variation Index) permettent d’évaluer la contamination par les éléments traces. Le BeMSI (BEnthic Methodology Simplification) est un nouvel indicateur de la qualité du milieu défini à partir de la composition des peuplements macrobenthiques des substrats meubles et plus généralement, l’indice LIMA traduit l’attrait paysager et la richesse patrimoniale du benthos méditerranéen entre 0 et –40 m. Quant à l’indice ICAR (Indice paysager CAulerpa Racemosa), il permet d’évaluer les niveaux de colonisation par l’algue invasive Caulerpa cylindracea. Enfin, une approche innovante reposant sur l’enregistrement des sons permet d’évaluer la qualité du milieu à partir d’un paysage acoustique sous-marin. En conclusion, le développement et l’application combinée de ces différents indices et indicateurs développés dans le cadre du programme pluridisciplinaire STARECAPMED fournissent une estimation globale des états du milieu côtier méditerranéen à différents niveaux d’organisation, depuis l’espèce jusqu’à l’écosystème. De plus, leur mise en œuvre dans ce même site atelier privilégié permet de les confronter, de les ajuster et de les intercalibrer pour à terme les proposer aux gestionnaires du milieu côtier. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Model Reduction Approach for Simulation of Long-term Voltage and Frequency Dynamics
Weckesser, Johannes ULg; Franz, Valeri; Grebe, Eckhard et al

in 12th IEEE Power and Energy Society PowerTech Conference, PowerTech Manchester 2017 (in press)

This paper presents a novel approach, which identifies a buffer zone around a given study system and replaces the external system with an equivalent. The aim is to obtain a reduced system, which is ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a novel approach, which identifies a buffer zone around a given study system and replaces the external system with an equivalent. The aim is to obtain a reduced system, which is suitable for assessment of long-term voltage and frequency dynamics in the study system. First, the proposed methodology ensures that all components, which are impacting the voltage profile of the study system, are included in the buffer zone. For that purpose, the propagation of reactive power changes from the boundary of the study system into the external system are used in a modified depth-first search algorithm to identify the buffer zone. Second, the external system is replaced with equivalents accounting for inertia and primary frequency control effects. The proposed method was successfully tested on a modified version of the ENTSO-E Dynamic Study Model. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (7 ULg)
Full Text
See detailDroit constitutionnel belge (année académique 2016-2017)
Behrendt, Christian ULg

Book published by Presses universitaires de Liège. 570 pages (in press)

Ouvrage pour les cours de Droit constitutionnel (DROI1203-4 et DROI1203-7) à la Faculté de droit, de science politique et de criminologie de l'Université de Liège.

Detailed reference viewed: 18643 (3961 ULg)