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See detailLe monde du représentable: de Lotze à la phénoménologie
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Boccaccini, Federico (Ed.) Lotze et son héritage. Son influence et son impact sur la philosophie du XXe siècle (in press)

Dans ce chapitre, je me propose de réévaluer, au moins partiellement, le sens et la portée de la théorie de la « validité » (Gelten, Geltung) développée par Lotze dans sa grande Logique de 1874. Je ... [more ▼]

Dans ce chapitre, je me propose de réévaluer, au moins partiellement, le sens et la portée de la théorie de la « validité » (Gelten, Geltung) développée par Lotze dans sa grande Logique de 1874. Je suggérerai que le rapprochement traditionnellement invoqué entre Lotze et Bolzano est trompeur, puisqu’il a sans doute assez largement contribué à masquer la dimension eidétique et « matérielle » de la théorie lotzéenne de la validité (§1). L’une des idées centrales qui se cache derrière la notion de « validité », en effet, est que les contenus de représentation – et, exemplairement, les contenus de représentations sensorielles (les concepts de couleurs, de sons, etc.) – forment une sphère intrinsèquement structurée par des relations d’un certain genre. Contrairement aux relations logiques traditionnelles (comme la contradiction) et aux relations logico-syntaxiques, qui structurent aussi le « monde du représensable » d’un autre point de vue (§2), les relations dont il est question ici sont non formalisables, car elles sont fondées dans l’essence même des phénomènes, pris « en soi », c’est-à-dire indépendamment de leur instanciation dans un objet du monde spatio-temporel et de leur appréhension par un sujet psycho-physique (§3). [less ▲]

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See detailLe speedrun : pratique compétitive, ludique ou créative ? Trajectoire d’un détournement de jeu vidéo institué en nouveau game
Barnabé, Fanny ULg

in Culture Numérique (in press)

Ce travail vise à interroger la manière dont les jeux vidéo et les dynamiques de détournement qu’ils suscitent chez les joueurs redéfinissent la traditionnelle opposition entre consommation et création ... [more ▼]

Ce travail vise à interroger la manière dont les jeux vidéo et les dynamiques de détournement qu’ils suscitent chez les joueurs redéfinissent la traditionnelle opposition entre consommation et création. Dans ce but, nous étudierons un usage spécifique du médium vidéoludique qui s’est institué en véritable pratique créative sur internet : le speedrun (et son dérivé, le tool-assisted speedrun). L’analyse se déroulera en deux temps : une première partie envisagera les déplacements concrets qu’opère le speedrun dans les notions liées au pôle de la réception (qu’est-ce qu’être un joueur ou un spectateur au sein de ce domaine ?) ; la seconde étudiera la façon dont cette pratique participe à redéfinir le pôle de la production (que deviennent les notions d’auteur, d’œuvre et de création dans le cadre de cette activité ?). [less ▲]

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See detailCT SCAN FEATURES OF PRESUMPTIVE HAEMORRHAGIC STROKE IN A DOG WITH CUSHING’S DISEASE
Liotta, Annalisa Pia ULg; Cavrenne, Romain; Peeters, Dominique ULg et al

in Case reports in Veterinary Medicine (in press)

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See detailFernand De Visscher et la Société Internationale d'Histoire des Droits de l'Antiquité
Gerkens, Jean-François ULg

in Revue Historique de Droit Français et Etranger (in press)

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See detailEl impacto de las migraciones cochabambinas en el marco de las transformaciones globales de las migraciones
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULg; Ledo, Carmen; Yepez, Isabel

in Solé, Carlota; Parella, Sonia; Cavalcanti, Leonardo (Eds.) Migración boliviana y prácticas transnacionales (in press)

¿Donde se ubica Bolivia en los cambios migratorios de la era global caracterizados por sus vínculos transnacionales? Para responder esta pregunta, se investiga el caso de los emigrantes procedentes de la ... [more ▼]

¿Donde se ubica Bolivia en los cambios migratorios de la era global caracterizados por sus vínculos transnacionales? Para responder esta pregunta, se investiga el caso de los emigrantes procedentes de la ciudad de Cochabamba. En esta ciudad, en marzo del 2009 el CEPLAG-CIUF, realizamos una encuesta de gran amplitud con el propósito de entender las diversas facetas de las migraciones cochabambinas contemporáneas y determinar cómo estas se relacionan con las tendencias globales que acabamos de destacar . Los resultados de dicha encuesta son la base de este artículo. En vista de los requerimientos estadísticos y analíticos del estudio, para realizar la encuesta se visitaron alrededor de 40 mil predios y se encuestaron 15 400 mil hogares. Un tercio de los hogares encuestados declaró tener al menos un familiar en el extranjero. Estos hogares se denominan en este artículo “hogares transmigrantes”. [less ▲]

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See detailVirtual reality as a complementary therapy to sexual addiction treatment
Cismaru Inescu, Adina; Andrianne, Robert ULg; Triffaux, Jean-Marc ULg

in International Journal of Advanced Computer Science (in press), 3(7), 1-5

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See detailThe strength of multi-row models
Louveaux, Quentin ULg; Poirrier, Laurent; Salvagnin, Domenico

in Mathematical Programming Computation (in press)

We develop a method for computing facet-defining valid inequalities for any mixed-integer set PJ. Our practical implementation does not return only facet- defining inequalities, but it is able to find a ... [more ▼]

We develop a method for computing facet-defining valid inequalities for any mixed-integer set PJ. Our practical implementation does not return only facet- defining inequalities, but it is able to find a separating cut whenever one exists. The separator is not comparable in speed with the specific cutting-plane generators used in branch-and-cut solvers, but it is general-purpose. We can thus use it to compute cuts derived from any reasonably small relaxation PJ of a general mixed- integer problem, even when there exists no specific implementation for computing cuts with PJ. Exploiting this, we evaluate, from a computational perspective, the usefulness of cuts derived from several types of multi-row relaxations. In particular, we present results with four different strengthenings of the two-row intersection cut model, and multi-row models with up to fifteen rows. We conclude that only fully-strengthened two-row cuts seem to offer a significant advantage over two-row intersection cuts. Our results also indicate that the improvement obtained by going from models with very few rows to models with up to fifteen rows may not be worth the increased computing cost. [less ▲]

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See detailMathématiques convoquées par le registre graphique au sein du cours de physique
Renkens, Céline; Henry, Valérie ULg

in Actes de la CIEAEM 66 (in press)

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See detailPrévention et promotion de la santé : quels modèles pour soutenir l’évolution des pratiques en soins de santé primaires ?
Vanmeerbeek, Marc ULg; Mathonet, Julien; Miermans, Marie-Christine ULg et al

in Presse Médicale (in press)

Objectives Published operating models about preventive health care and health promotion in primary care were sought with the aim of 1) compiling a functional inventory; and 2) to formulate working ... [more ▼]

Objectives Published operating models about preventive health care and health promotion in primary care were sought with the aim of 1) compiling a functional inventory; and 2) to formulate working hypotheses for the improvement of clinical practice towards more efficiency and more equity. Methods Narrative literature review, using keywords related to the various prevention classes, health promotion, primary care, practice models and health care delivery. The diversity of models led to a multi-criteria analysis. Results Twelve models were selected. Their characteristics were unevenly distributed. The models, whose authors announce that they apply to prevention, mainly describe approaches that focus on individuals within physician-patient relationship, and take into account practice organization. Some socio ecological and systems models illustrate health promotion: educational practice, group- or population-based targets, community environment and social determinants of health. There is little room for patients in elaborating the models, as they have little role in health care systems. The definitions of prevention, health promotion and patient education greatly differ from one model to another. Discussion Little is known about practical implementation of the models; assessment data are scarce. Some elements valued by health promotion could be integrated to health care: empowerment of citizens, addressing community environment; increased involvement in local health professionals’ networks; integration of individual and collective approaches within the same health care facilities to address simultaneously individual customization, efficiency and equity objectives. Conclusion These developments may call for adaptation in vocational training and continuous professional development: communication skills, awareness to public health concepts, and early and longitudinal exposure to community-based learning experiences for students. [less ▲]

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See detailTypus melancholicus et mélancolie : Synthèse théorique à partir d’un cas clinique
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Stanghellini, Giovanni

in Encéphale (L') (in press)

Objective: The objective of this paper is to propose, starting from the description of a clinical emblematic case, a theoretical synthesis of the work of phenomenological psychopathology dedicated to ... [more ▼]

Objective: The objective of this paper is to propose, starting from the description of a clinical emblematic case, a theoretical synthesis of the work of phenomenological psychopathology dedicated to melancholia and typus melancholicus (TM), a clinical concept that describes the premorbid personality vulnerable to major depression (“melancholia” for the psychopathological tradition). Method: This is phenomenological analysis of a case study of melancolia, of its premorbid personality and pathogenic triggering situation. We adopt two main phenomenological keys to understanding the develpment of melancholia : role-identity theory and desynchronization theory. The former understands melancholia as a disorder of identity triggered by the loss of the social role with which one has previously over-identifed. The latter sees melancholia as the effect of the desynchronisation from the social environment that further develops into an inhibition of the conative–affective dynamics of life. We present the case of Jonas (64 years old), whose mother (94 years old) recently died. Before his mother’s death, Jonas’ life was entirely orchestrated by the caring for his mother and synchronized in time with this (e.g., he used to go to her house every 4 hours, took all his meals with her, etc.). Jonas, in addition to being hyper-synchronized and hyper-syntonic, fulfills all diagnostic criteria for TM, including “orderliness”, “conscientiousness”, “hyper/heteronomia” and “intolerance of ambiguity”. TM’s attach a disproportioned importance to their social roles (or external representations of identity) at the expense of their own ego-identity. Results: The passage from pre-morbid personality to melancholia is triggered by the death of Jonas’ mother that entails a profound depersonalization. Desynchronization and role loss cause Jonas fall into this severe depersonalization, whose core feature is the feeling of the loss of feeling. Conclusions: This original contribution demonstrates a clinical case can contribute to the construction and refinement of theoretical and conceptual frameworks (like princeps Tellenbach's studies). Over-synchronized tempo and over-identification with social role are emblematically in this case the two sides of the same coin. A parallelism can be established between synchronization (with the mother) and respect for the role at the expense of own identity. The clinical case of Jonas highlights a conceptual bridge between the model of melancholia as loss of social role and the model of melancholia as desynchronization. [less ▲]

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See detailCritique du capitalisme néolibéral et travail rhétorique chez Frédéric Lordon : un discours d’affectation.
Provenzano, François ULg; Janvier, Antoine ULg

in Dissensus (in press)

Les ouvrages de Frédéric Lordon ont offert ces dernières années un éclairage nouveau des mécanismes de la finance et du capitalisme en régime néolibéral, en vertu de la place centrale qu’ils accordent aux ... [more ▼]

Les ouvrages de Frédéric Lordon ont offert ces dernières années un éclairage nouveau des mécanismes de la finance et du capitalisme en régime néolibéral, en vertu de la place centrale qu’ils accordent aux affects. Il est frappant que cette entreprise – qui est triple: analyse de la finance, analyse du capitalisme, analyse de la domination – soit doublée d’une attention portée au discours même qui la développe. On peut repérer une telle attention dans la pluralité des genres de discours qu’investit Frédéric Lordon : ouvrages « savants » ou « universitaires », mais aussi courts essais engagés aux éditions Raisons d’agir, articles de presse dans Le Monde Diplomatique notamment, tenue du blog « La pompe à phynance » sur le site du même journal, et même pièce de théâtre récemment adaptée au cinéma, D’un retournement l’autre. Comédie sérieuse sur la crise financière. En quatre actes, et en alexandrins . Diversité de genre entre les différents types de textes, donc. Diversité interne à chacun de ces textes, aussi : le lecteur de Frédéric Lordon se trouve toujours à cheval sur plusieurs codes rhétoriques dont joue l’auteur dans un même ouvrage. On pourrait bien sûr tenir cette double diversité pour la simple conséquence du talent d’écriture de Lordon, ou d’un plaisir pris par l’auteur à jouer du langage et des ethos qu’il construit. Le présent article propose au contraire de considérer cette diversité comme le résultat d’un véritable travail sur les modalités rhétoriques du discours critique sur le capitalisme financiarisé, qu’il faut articuler aux principaux postulats de sa théorie sociale. L’hypothèse défendue sera, précisément, de considérer qu’il y a une construction rhétorique qui participe de l’entreprise critique et, du même coup, qui s’inscrit comme un geste politique dans une « société des affects ». [less ▲]

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See detailA mysterious giant ichthyosaur from the lowermost Jurassic of Wales
Martin, Jeremy E; Vincent, Peggy; Suan, Guillaume et al

in Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (in press)

Ichthyosaurs rapidly diversified and colonised a wide range of ecological niches during the Early and Middle Triassic period, but experienced a major decline in diversity near the end of the Triassic ... [more ▼]

Ichthyosaurs rapidly diversified and colonised a wide range of ecological niches during the Early and Middle Triassic period, but experienced a major decline in diversity near the end of the Triassic. Timing and causes of this demise and the subsequent rapid radiation of the diverse, but less disparate, parvipelvian ichthyosaurs are still unknown, notably because of inadequate sampling in strata of latest Triassic age. Here, we describe an exceptionally large radius from Lower Jurassic deposits at Penarth near Cardiff, South Wales (UK) the morphology of which places it within the giant Triassic shastasaurids. A tentative total body size estimate, based on a regression analysis of various complete ichthyosaur skeletons, yields a value of 12-15 m. The specimen is substantially younger than any previously reported last known occurrences of shastasaurids and implies a Lazarus range in the lowermost Jurassic for this ichthyosaur morphotype. [less ▲]

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See detailBayesian versus frequentist methods for estimating disease true prevalence and 4 diagnostic test performance
Sanogo, M; Abatih, E; Saegerman, Claude ULg

in Veterinary Journal (in press)

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See detailUrban governance adaptation in an old industrial city: Liège (Belgium)
Breuer, Christophe ULg; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg; Teller, Jacques ULg

in Francese, Dora (Ed.) Napoli Citta Metropolitana (in press)

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See detailLes défis colossaux auxquels la santé publique va devoir faire face !
COUCKE, Philippe ULg

in Onco : Revue Multidisciplinaire d'Oncologie (in press)

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See detailL’acte incendiaire, son sujet et sa signification : propositions à partir du Saint Genet de Jean-Paul Sartre
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Annales Médico-Psychologiques (in press)

Objectives In this paper we studied fire setters with the hermeneutics’ method from the philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre. In the psychobiography of Jean Genet, the philosopher raises issues of the ... [more ▼]

Objectives In this paper we studied fire setters with the hermeneutics’ method from the philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre. In the psychobiography of Jean Genet, the philosopher raises issues of the infractional acting and its social meaning. Methods After recalling the basic notions of international literature about fire setters (including confusion with pyromania, diagnostic problems proposed by the DSM IV and the concept of "communicative arson"), we propose phenomenological and existential clues to discuss the act and its meaning. It is the unlawful act that is analysed and more specifically the arson. We propose different analysis than the psychic causality which is inspired by psychoanalysis. The criminogenesis gives way to a questioning of identity, about the place of fire in the subject’s history and within its relationships to others. As proposed by Sartre, the paradigm of this research is to consider the meaning "as the return of the future in the present". The second field of this study is an analysis of three clinical cases. These cases are the result of a forensic practice. The method is focused on the analysis of a narrative and autobiographical production. By this way we studied the temporal process of these three arsonists. Results A comparative reading of the psychobiography of Jean Genet written by Sartre and of the situation of arsonists gives accurate information. The "criminogenesis" gives way to a questioning of identity. In this way we discuss the meaning of fire in the subject's history and within its relationship to others. We highlight the inscription of the act in the social and constitutive process of the individual. From the clinical material, the author demonstrates a link between arson and construction of identity. Identity is considered as a dialectic between “ipse” and “idem”, as suggested by Ricœur. We can therefore consider the real sense that the arson has from the perspective of the actor but also from the viewpoint of the society and these conceptions may be similar or different. In clinical practice, we recommend to pay special attention to how the fire is part of the biography of the patient. Conclusions The fascination for fire is a source of meaning which can be radically different depending on whether we consider the external interpreter (the world or the clinician) or the author of the action. The basic principles of hermeneutics, as described by Gadamer and Ricœur, are to demonstrate that the understanding and the interpretation are not only the methods used in the human sciences but are also part of the fundamental processes inherent in human nature. Hermeneutics in general is the opposite of a doctrine of truth. It rather seeks to show arbitrarily how the interpretation and the search for meaning are paradigmatic of the human experience. [less ▲]

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See detailLa manie et la mélancolie comme crises de l’identité narrative et de l’intentionnalité
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Stanghellini, Giovanni

in Evolution Psychiatrique (in press)

Objectives: Our objective is to achieve a phenomenological cross-study of melancholic and manic crises. To do this, we analyze the relationship between these two psychopathological states by means of the ... [more ▼]

Objectives: Our objective is to achieve a phenomenological cross-study of melancholic and manic crises. To do this, we analyze the relationship between these two psychopathological states by means of the concepts of "narrative identity" and "intentionality". Method: From clinical cases and with reference to various theoretical models derived from phenomenological psychopathology, we discuss similarities and differences between mania and melancholia. Results: Narrative identity is based on a double movement: that of the enunciation of a speech focused on his history and that of an act of creation. From different clinical situations, we find that: (1) the melancholic retains the ability to elaborate a narrative about his history but the creative dimension of this narrative is absent, and (2) conversely, the manic experiences only the creative dimension. Discussion: Intentionality, as the tendency of consciousness to move toward something beyond itself, proves to be the center of the manic existence without being able to set itself within the boundaries of factual constraints. The melancholic, conversely, experiences an existence in which consciousness has lost its capacity to aim beyond itself. Conclusions: Melancholia and mania are quite specific forms of being-in-world with particular identity and temporal experiences. These two states share a fundamental psychopathological feature, that we named here “manque chiasmatique”: they are disorders of the intentional movement that constitutes narrative identity, that is, of the dialectics between the rootedness (“enracinenment”) of self in its past and the possibility of creation of a new identity. [less ▲]

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