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See detailL'histoire des religions et les représentations du temps. En guise de préambule
Pirenne-Delforge, Vinciane ULg

in Pirenne-Delforge, Vinciane; Tunca, Önhan (Eds.) Représentations du temps dans les religions. Actes du Colloque organisé par le Centre d'histoire des religions de l'Université de Liège (2003)

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See detailQuel est le "noyau dur" de la formation en géographie? Le point de vue d'un géographe climatologue.
Erpicum, Michel ULg

in Géographes associés , AFDG , Université Lyon II (2003), 27

Which geograpry to teach tomorrow at university? The point of view of a geographer working in climatology and topoclimatology.

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See detailL'évaluation de la maîtrise d'une langue, maternelle ou étrangère
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg; Maréchal, Marielle ULg

in Cahiers du Service de Pédagogie Expérimentale (SPE) (2003), 15-16

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See detailRéceptions, études et usages de l’univers rabelaisien aux Refuges protestants
Donneau, Olivier ULg

in Bost, Hubert; Lauriol, Claude (Eds.) Refuge et Désert : l'évolution théologique des huguenots de la Révocation de l’édit de Nantes à la Révolution française, Actes du colloque du Centre d'étude du XVIIIe siècle. Montpellier, 18-19-20 janvier 2001 (2003)

Huguenot Refugees (1685-1750) almost have a monopoly on the image of Rabelais. They find in the works of Rabelais an echo of their own history.

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See detailL’Étrenne des Lumières. Trente ans de prédictions dans l’Almanach de Liège
Droixhe, Daniel ULg

in Lüsebrink, H.-J.; Mix, Y.-G.; Mollier, J.-Y. (Eds.) et al Les lectures du peuple en Europe et dans les Amériques (XVIIe au XXe siècle) (2003)

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See detailAnalisis Mineralogico Cuantitativo
Pirard, Eric ULg

in Avila, Margot; Lucion, Christian (Eds.) Mineria, Metalurgia y Medio Ambiente (2003)

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See detailMieux vaut prévenir que guérir !
Van Caillie, Didier ULg

Article for general public (2002)

This chronicle insists on the importance of prevention as a tool to reduce social and economic effects of business failures and highlights the role of a structured and coherent prevention policy, both at ... [more ▼]

This chronicle insists on the importance of prevention as a tool to reduce social and economic effects of business failures and highlights the role of a structured and coherent prevention policy, both at the firm level and at the institutional level. [less ▲]

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See detailThe BIA++: Extending the BIA+ to a dynamical distributed connectionist framework: Comment
Jacquet, Maud ULg; French, R.

in Bilingualism: Language and Cognition (2002), 5(3), 202-205

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See detailProcess for depositing strong adherend polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Lou, Xudong; Voccia, Samuel et al

Patent (2002)

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising an electrochemical grafting at the surface of an active monomer for forming a ... [more ▼]

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising an electrochemical grafting at the surface of an active monomer for forming a primer coating P onto said surface and having as general formula: X0 (meth)acrylate wherein X is either part of a preformed polymer or is an intermediate agent for polyaddition reaction or is an anchoring group for attachment of a molecule having at least one complementary reactive group. Such process allows formation of new primer by one-step electro-grafting of a reactive polymer called macromonomer.; Such process also allows further modification of an initial electrografted polymer (called primer coating) to increase the coating thickness by the so-called grafting-from technique i.e. polymerization of a second monomer or to introduce other types of polymers(also called top coating) via covalent attachment between the primer and the top coating through the X ester group by the so called grafting onto technique. Such process also allows to graft onto the primer coating compounds like functional polymer, peptide, protein, oligonucleotide, dyes, drugs, anti-bacterian compounds. [less ▲]

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See detailProcess for depositing strong adherend polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface
Bertrand, Olivier; Jérôme, Robert ULg; Gautier, Sandrine et al

Patent (2002)

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See detailStatistical derivation of the evolution equation of liquid water path fluctuations in clouds
Ivanova, K.; Ausloos, Marcel ULg

in Journal of Geophysical Research. Atmospheres (2002), 107(D23),

[1] How to distinguish and quantify deterministic and random influences on the statistics of turbulence data in meteorology cases is discussed from first principles. Liquid water path (LWP) changes in ... [more ▼]

[1] How to distinguish and quantify deterministic and random influences on the statistics of turbulence data in meteorology cases is discussed from first principles. Liquid water path (LWP) changes in clouds, as retrieved from radio signals, upon different delay times, can be regarded as a stochastic Markov process. A detrended fluctuation analysis method indicates the existence of long range time correlations. The Fokker-Planck equation which models very precisely the LWP fluctuation empirical probability distributions, in particular, their non-Gaussian heavy tails is explicitly derived and written in terms of a drift and a diffusion coefficient. Furthermore, Kramers-Moyal coefficients, as estimated from the empirical data, are found to be in good agreement with their first principle derivation. Finally, the equivalent Langevin equation is written for the LWP increments themselves. Thus rather than the existence of hierarchical structures, like an energy cascade process, strong correlations on different timescales, from small to large ones, are considered to be proven as intrinsic ingredients of such cloud evolutions. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Révision avant sa révision : réflexions sur une nouvelle formulation de l'article 195 de la Constitution belge
Behrendt, Christian ULg

in Actualités du Droit (2002)

This article studies the current debate on whether a change of the amendment procedure of the Belgian Constution ought to be envisaged.

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See detailBiochemistry and comparative genomics of SxxK superfamily acyltransferases offer a clue to the mycobacterial paradox: Presence of penicillin-susceptible target proteins versus lack of efficiency of penicillin as therapeutic agent
Goffin, Colette ULg; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg

in Microbiology & Molecular Biology Reviews (2002), 66(4), 702-738

The bacterial acyltransferases of the SxxK superfamily vary enormously in sequence and function, with conservation of particular amino acid groups and all-alpha and alpha/beta folds. They occur as ... [more ▼]

The bacterial acyltransferases of the SxxK superfamily vary enormously in sequence and function, with conservation of particular amino acid groups and all-alpha and alpha/beta folds. They occur as independent entities (free-standing polypeptides) and as modules linked to other polypeptides (protein fusions). They can be classified into three groups. The group I SxxK D,D-acyltransferases are ubiquitous in the bacterial world. They invariably bear the motifs SxxK, SxN(D), and KT(S)G. Anchored in the plasma membrane with the bulk of the polypeptide chain exposed on the outer face of it, they are implicated in the synthesis of wall peptidoglycans of the most frequently encountered (4-->3) type. They are inactivated by penicillin and other beta-lactam antibiotics acting as suicide carbonyl donors in the form of penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs). They are components of a morphogenetic apparatus which, as a whole, controls multiple parameters such as shape and size and allows the bacterial cells to enlarge and duplicate their particular pattern. Class A PBP fusions comprise a glycosyltransferase module fused to an SxxK acyltransferase of class A. Class B PBP fusions comprise a linker, i.e., protein recognition, module fused to an SxxK acyltransferase of class B. They ensure the remodeling of the (4-->3) peptidoglycans in a cell cycle-dependent manner. The free-standing PBPs hydrolyze D,D peptide bonds. The group II SxxK acyltransferases frequently have a partially modified bar code, but the SxxK motif is invariant. They react with penicillin in various ways and illustrate the great plasticity of the catalytic centers. The secreted free-standing PBPs, the serine beta-lactamases, and the penicillin sensors of several penicillin sensory transducers help the D,D-acyltransferases of group I escape penicillin action. The group III SxxK acyltransferases are indistinguishable from the PBP fusion proteins of group I in motifs and membrane topology, but they resist penicillin. They are referred to as Pen(r) protein fusions. Plausible hypotheses are put forward on the roles that the Pen(r) protein fusions, acting as L,D-acyltransferases, may play in the (3-->3) peptidoglycan-synthesizing molecular machines. Shifting the wall peptidoglycan from the (4-->3) type to the (3-->3) type could help Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium leprae survive by making them penicillin resistant. [less ▲]

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See detailLes nouveautés de l'urbanisme wallon après le décret d'optimalisation du CWATUP
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Commentaire systématique du CWATUP (2002)

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See detailLes yeux de la nuit : Chats, chouettes, chauve-souris...
Strivay, Lucienne ULg

in Voir (2002), 24-25

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See detailProjective and Affine Spatial Operators for Regions
Billen, Roland ULg; Clementini, Eliseo

in Joo Er, Meng; D'Attelis, Carlos; Mastorakis, M. (Eds.) Proceedings of WSEAS International Conferences MCBC, MCBE, ICAMSL, ICAI (2002, December)

Among Geographic Information Systems functionality is the retrieval of spatial data by using various spatial operators. The proposal of this paper is about the definition of new spatial operators that are ... [more ▼]

Among Geographic Information Systems functionality is the retrieval of spatial data by using various spatial operators. The proposal of this paper is about the definition of new spatial operators that are based on projective and affine geometric invariants. Such a special category of geometric properties, despite being not widely used in previous work, reveals itself a very interesting realm for the exploration of new operators that are both powerful and easy to use from an end-user perspective. [less ▲]

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See detailEtablissement de listes de sélectivité de pesticides vis-à-vis de l'entomofaune utile dans le cadre de la production intégrée en grandes cultures
Schiffers, Bruno ULg; Deleu, Rodolphe; Viatour, N. et al

in AFPP - 6ème conférence Internationale sur les Ravageurs en Agriculture (2002, December)

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See detailLong-term Elasticity in the Continental Lithosphere; Modelling the Aden Ridge Propagation and the Anatolian Extrusion Process
King, G; Hubert, Aurelia ULg

in EOS : Transactions, American Geophysical Union (2002, December), 83

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See detailLe cas clinique du mois. Decouverte fortuite d'une fistule coronarienne
Gach, Olivier ULg; Legrand, Victor ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(12), 757-9

We report the case of a 54 year old man presenting atypical chest pain. The echocardiogram showed a dilatation of the coronary sinus. Subsequently the angiographic evaluation with cardiac catheterization ... [more ▼]

We report the case of a 54 year old man presenting atypical chest pain. The echocardiogram showed a dilatation of the coronary sinus. Subsequently the angiographic evaluation with cardiac catheterization demonstrated a coronary artery fistula between the circumflex artery and the coronary sinus and between a megaanevrysmal right coronary artery and the coronary sinus. No significant left to right shunt was discovered, however. [less ▲]

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See detailActive-site mutants of class B beta-lactamases: substrate binding and mechanistic study
Prosperi-Meys, C.; De Seny, Dominique ULg; Llabres, Gabriel ULg et al

in Cellular & Molecular Life Sciences (2002), 59(12), 2136-2143

Increased resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics is mainly due to beta-lactamases. X-ray structures of zinc beta-lactamases unraveled the coordination of the metal ions, but their mode of action remains ... [more ▼]

Increased resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics is mainly due to beta-lactamases. X-ray structures of zinc beta-lactamases unraveled the coordination of the metal ions, but their mode of action remains unclear. Recently, enzymes in which one of the zinc ligands was mutated have been characterized and their catalytic activity against several beta-lactam antibiotics measured. A molecular modeling study of these enzymes was performed here to explain the catalytic activity of the mutants. Coordination around the zinc ions influences the way the tetrahedral intermediate is bound; any modification influences the first recognition of the substrate by the enzyme. For all the studied mutants, at least one of the interactions fails, inducing a loss of catalytic efficiency compared to the wild type. The present studies show that the enzyme cavity is a structure of high plasticity both structurally and mechanistically and that local modifications may propagate its effects far from the mutated amino acid. [less ▲]

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