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See detailForm@HETICE : une étude de cas vue sous l'angle de la théorie des communautés de pratique
Milstein, A.; Denis, Brigitte ULg

in Actes du Colloque EIAH 2007 : International Workshop "Learning and working in CoPs : theoretical and technological issue" (2007, June)

La notion de communauté de pratique peut jouer un rôle important dans une nouvelle réflexion sur l’apprentissage. De nombreuses théories sur le sujet se multiplient dans la littérature. Néanmoins, comme ... [more ▼]

La notion de communauté de pratique peut jouer un rôle important dans une nouvelle réflexion sur l’apprentissage. De nombreuses théories sur le sujet se multiplient dans la littérature. Néanmoins, comme le soulignent Dameron et Josserand (2005), il manque une analyse processuelle du développement des communautés de pratique. Il existe un décalage réel entre la richesse conceptuelle des travaux sur cette forme d’organisation et le peu d’études en profondeur sur la dynamique de ce type de groupes, les « phases » de leur développement ainsi que sur l’impact effectif du partage des pratiques. Un certain nombre d’enquêtes (Dameron & Josserand, 2005 ; Cappe, 2005 ; Laferrière, 2005) ont déjà été réalisées. Notre travail entre dans cette démarche de validation du concept de communauté de pratique. Nous présentons ici une étude de cas : le projet Form@HETICE. Cet article décrit notre travail d’observation de la situation actuelle et d’identification de l’existence ou non de communautés de pratique au sein de ce projet. [less ▲]

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See detailPlan communautaire opérationnel - Vaccination
Swennen, Béatrice; Miermans, Marie-Christine ULg; Levie, Karin

in Education Santé (2007), (224), 12-14

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See detailOn two unsolved problems in probability
Swan, Yvik ULg

Doctoral thesis (2007)

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See detailPREDetector: A new tool to identify regulatory elements in bacterial genomes
Hiard, Samuel ULg; Marée, Raphaël ULg; Colson, Séverine ULg et al

in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (2007), 357(4), 861-864

In the post-genomic area, the prediction of transcription factor regulons by position weight matrix-based programmes is a powerful approach to decipher biological pathways and to modelize regulatory ... [more ▼]

In the post-genomic area, the prediction of transcription factor regulons by position weight matrix-based programmes is a powerful approach to decipher biological pathways and to modelize regulatory networks in bacteria. The main difficulty once a regulon prediction is available is to estimate its reliability prior to start expensive experimental validations and therefore trying to find a way how to identify true positive hits from an endless list of potential target genes of a regulatory protein. Here we introduce PREDetector (Prokaryotic Regulatory Elements Detector), a tool developed for predicting regulons of DNA-binding proteins in bacterial genomes that, beside the automatic prediction, scoring and positioning of potential binding sites and their respective target genes in annotated bacterial genomes, it also provides an easy way to estimate the thresholds where to find reliable possible new target genes. PREDetector can be downloaded freely at http://www.montefiore.ulg.ac.be/-hiard/PreDetector (c) 2007 Published by Elsevier Inc. [less ▲]

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See detailLeast Cost Optimization of Large Passenger Vessels
Richir, Thomas; Caprace, Jean-David ULg; Losseau, Nicolas ULg et al

in Ships & Offshore Structures (2007), 2

The LBR-5 software allows optimizing ship structures according to objectives of higher inertia, less weight and/or lower cost. This last criterion offers the choice between two approaches of calculation ... [more ▼]

The LBR-5 software allows optimizing ship structures according to objectives of higher inertia, less weight and/or lower cost. This last criterion offers the choice between two approaches of calculation. The first approach is based on a simplified assessment of the cost in which the total cost is described by rather simple analytical functions which bring into play on the one hand the design variables and on the other hand empirical parameters. In the second approach, the calculation of the cost is based on data specific to the shipyard. The material cost is analyzed according to the first approach while the cost of the labor considers each relevant operation of the ship building with respect to the LBR-5 model. A survey of all the tasks was carried out at Aker Yards France, and a thorough study made it possible to develop assessment tools of the labor cost for each operation as functions of the design variables. Plate straightening operations are also considered in this analysis. This paper presents a cost-based optimization study carried out on a large passenger ship structure with more than 600 design variables, by the use of the detailed approach for the cost calculation. The structural model has been formulated on the basis of technical documentation prepared by Aker Yards France. The loads and strength criteria applied on the model are considered according to classification society rules (Bureau Veritas). Results and conclusions of the study are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasurements of thermal effects in a bulk YBCO single domain superconductor submitted to a variable magnetic field
Laurent, Philippe ULg; Vanderbemden, Philippe ULg; Meslin, S. et al

in IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity (2007), 17(2, Part 3), 3036-3039

When YBCO single domains are subjected to a variable magnetic field, the motion of vortices may give rise to a significant temperature increase and a degradation of the superconducting properties. We have ... [more ▼]

When YBCO single domains are subjected to a variable magnetic field, the motion of vortices may give rise to a significant temperature increase and a degradation of the superconducting properties. We have experimentally investigated such effects in bulk melt-processed YBCO single domains. Several temperature sensors, a pick-up coil and two Hall probes were placed against the surface of a monolithic bulk YBCO pellet. Data were simultaneously recorded during the application of ac magnetic fields of various amplitudes, either with or without a pre-existing dc trapped flux. The measurement results agree well with to those obtained by numerical modeling. It was also found that a superimposed dc magnetic moment reduces the temperature increase caused by the ac magnetic field. (C) 2003 IEEE. [less ▲]

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See detailThe importance of accurate lymph node staging in early and locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer: An update on available techniques
Kim, E. S.; Bosquee, Léon ULg

in Journal of Thoracic Oncology (2007), 2(6, Suppl. S), 59-67

Medical oncologists are faced with multiple factors to consider when staging a patient with suspected or confirmed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Identifying pathological nodal (N2) disease is ... [more ▼]

Medical oncologists are faced with multiple factors to consider when staging a patient with suspected or confirmed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Identifying pathological nodal (N2) disease is, however, of great importance because its presence significantly affects outcomes and potential treatment strategies. Recent data supporting the use of adjuvant or neoadjuvant therapies in these patients suggests that every reasonable effort should be made to assess the lymph node status accurately in patients with clinical early stage disease as well as in those with clinically staged N2 disease who have undergone preoperative treatments. Newer procedures such as integrated positron emission tomography computed tomography and esophageal or endobronchial endoscopic ultrasound with fine needle aspiration are mininially invasive techniques that may enhance the accuracy of mediastinal staging, traditionally devoted to mediastinoscopy. As their availability widens, they are likely to become an important part of staging and treatment paradigms. Intraoperatively, a growing body of evidence Suggests that lymph node dissection can be performed safely, and should replace sampling as a more effective means of identifying unsuspected N2 disease. This paper will review the current literature on staging NSCLC with regard to the detection of I nodal disease through preoperative staging of the mediastinum, the use of intraoperative lymph node sampling or dissection at the time of resection, and procedures for use in restaging patients with clinical stage IIIA N2 disease who have undergone preoperative chemotherapy (with or without radiotherapy). [less ▲]

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See detailInequalities from two rows of the simplex tableau
Andersen, Kent; Louveaux, Quentin ULg; Weismantel, Robert et al

in Fischetti, Matteo; David P., Williamson (Eds.) Integer Programming and Combinatorial Optimization, 12th International IPCO Conference, Ithaca, NY, USA, June 25-27, 2007, Proceedings. (2007, June)

In this paper we explore the geometry of the integer points in a cone rooted at a rational point. This basic geometric object allows us to establish some links between lattice point free bodies and the ... [more ▼]

In this paper we explore the geometry of the integer points in a cone rooted at a rational point. This basic geometric object allows us to establish some links between lattice point free bodies and the derivation of inequalities for mixed integer linear programs by considering two rows of a simplex tableau simultaneously. [less ▲]

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See detailLe galop des conducteurs. Etat de l'art.
Lilien, Jean-Louis ULg

in Electra (2007), 232

Power line galloping is a large vibration (up to the sag) at very low frequency (fraction of Hz) occuring on power line spans under heavy wind and cold temperature, with ice/snow deposit. Galloping is due ... [more ▼]

Power line galloping is a large vibration (up to the sag) at very low frequency (fraction of Hz) occuring on power line spans under heavy wind and cold temperature, with ice/snow deposit. Galloping is due to aerodynamic or aeroelastic instability. It may cause dramatic damages on conductor, hardware and towers. [less ▲]

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See detailLa répression du négationnisme en Belgique : perspective systémique d'un blocage
Grandjean, Geoffrey ULg

Master's dissertation (2007)

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See detailExperimental study and modeling of a low temperature Rankine Cycle for small scale cogeneration
Quoilin, Sylvain ULg

Master's dissertation (2007)

An experimental study is carried out on an ORC recovering heat from hot air at a temperature ranging from 150 to 200°C. The expander used for this study is a volumetric scroll expander. The working fluid ... [more ▼]

An experimental study is carried out on an ORC recovering heat from hot air at a temperature ranging from 150 to 200°C. The expander used for this study is a volumetric scroll expander. The working fluid selected is R123 because of its high efficiency in ORC applications. A model of each component of the cycle is proposed and validated. The whole cycle is simulated in order to have a good understanding of its behavior under different working conditions. The model is then used to optimize the cycle, starting from a basic case and improving it in a realistic way to evaluate the system potential. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy, modeling and analysis of heat pumping solutions in a commercial building
Bertagnolio, Stéphane ULg

Master's dissertation (2007)

This work is carried out in the frame of the IEA-ECBCS (International Energy Agency – Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems) Annex48: “Heat Pumping and Reversible Air Conditioning”. The ... [more ▼]

This work is carried out in the frame of the IEA-ECBCS (International Energy Agency – Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems) Annex48: “Heat Pumping and Reversible Air Conditioning”. The aim of this work is to study the possibility of integration of a reversible heat pumping system into the existing HVAC system of a “commercial” building (which includes laboratories). A pre-audit of the actual HVAC installation is carried out and presented. Numerical models of the building and of the coupled HVAC installation are developed and implemented on EES (Engineering Equation Solver, ©F-Chart Software) to run yearly simulations. The main retrofit opportunity is the use of reversible heat pumping, with the extracted air as heat source, to heat the building. Other retrofit possibilities, as “change over” technique or cool thermal energy storage, are also modelled, simulated and analysed. The environmental and economical aspects of each retrofit opportunity are approached. The reversible heat pumping coupled with a change over technique is generally able to satisfy the heating demand of the building. However some interventions of the existing natural gas condensing boilers, as back boosting devices, are sometimes necessary during winter. The economical and environmental studies reveal a quite short payback time and a significant reduction of CO2 emissions. The advantages of the cool thermal storage solution are not obvious and have not been highlighted in the present case. [less ▲]

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See detailA purely distributed implementation of undervoltage load shedding
Otomega, Bogdan; Glavic, Mevludin; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

(2007, June)

A new design of load shedding against long-term voltage instability is proposed. It uses a set of distributed controllers, each monitoring a transmission voltage and controlling a group of loads. Each ... [more ▼]

A new design of load shedding against long-term voltage instability is proposed. It uses a set of distributed controllers, each monitoring a transmission voltage and controlling a group of loads. Each controller acts in closed-loop, shedding amounts that vary in magnitude and time according to the evolution of its monitored voltage. The whole system operates without information exchange between controllers, the latter being implicitly coordinated through network voltages. The operation, design and robustness of the proposed scheme are illustrated through a small but realistic example. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude du mélange par PIV et PLIF dans un bioréacteur de culture cellulaire
Collignon, Marie-Laure ULg

Master's dissertation (2007)

Ce mémoire consiste en l’étude expérimentale de l’hydrodynamique et du mélange dans un bioréacteur de 20 litres de culture de cellules animales sur microporteurs. Les résultats obtenus serviront aux ... [more ▼]

Ce mémoire consiste en l’étude expérimentale de l’hydrodynamique et du mélange dans un bioréacteur de 20 litres de culture de cellules animales sur microporteurs. Les résultats obtenus serviront aux chercheurs de la société GlascoSmithKline Biologicals qui procèdent actuellement à la montée en échelle à partir d’un bioréacteur de 20 litres pour atteindre une échelle industrielle de plusieurs mètres cubes. Dès lors un grand nombre de paramètres ont été imposés tels que la géométrie du système et la gamme des vitesses de rotation du mobile et le type de celui-ci (hélice TT). Les techniques expérimentales utilisées sont la P.I.V. (Particle Image Velocimetry) et la P.L.I.F. (Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence) qui permettent d’accéder respectivement au champ de vitesses et champ de concentrations dans un plan vertical éclairé par le laser. Ce travail consiste en une étude paramétrique au cours de laquelle nous avons fait varier les différents constituants du nombre de Reynolds dans une cuve agitée : la vitesse de rotation N, la taille du mobile d et la viscosité du fluide µ. Nous avons déterminé expérimentalement les grandeurs globales suivantes : le débit et nombre de pompage, le débit et nombre de circulation, la puissance dissipée globalement et le nombre de puissance y correspondant, la hauteur théorique équivalente d’une pompe et le temps de mélange. Nous avons également caractérisé l’hydrodynamique et le mélange de manière locale : en décrivant le champ de vitesses dans le plan éclairé par le laser, en déterminant la répartition du cisaillement et de la dissipation de l’énergie dans ce même plan et en représentant le mélange par un modèle compartimenté constitué d’un réseau de cuves parfaitement mélangées mises en série. L’évolution de ces grandeurs globales et locales en fonction des paramètres du nombre de Reynolds a été analysée. Les résultats obtenus donneront des informations importantes qui aideront les chercheurs de G.S.K. BIO. à affiner leur stratégie de scale-up. Enfin, un des points cruciaux de l’opération de mélange est le maintien en suspension complète des petites billes sur lesquelles se développent les cellules qui sont appelées les microporteurs. La vitesse de rotation qui permet le maintien de cette suspension complète a été caractérisée expérimentalement et à l’aide d’un modèle qui pourra être aisément utilisé lors du processus de scale-up. [less ▲]

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