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See detailApport du regard didactique dans la formation des enseignants
Schneider-Gilot, Marguerite ULg

Conference (2008, September)

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See detailCyanobacterial diversity in the Transantarctic Mountains (Antarctica).
Fernandez Carazo, Rafael ULg; Hodgson, Dominic; Wilmotte, Annick

Poster (2008, August 31)

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See detailFossil cyanobacterial sequences in Antarctic lake sediments
Fernandez Carazo, Rafael ULg; Hodgson, Dominique; Wilmotte, Annick

Poster (2008, August 31)

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See detailAn Ordovician cryptospore and trilete spore assemblage from Saudi Arabia
Steemans, Philippe ULg; Wellman, C. H.; Miller, M. et al

Conference (2008, August 30)

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See detailPerception du crime, insécurité et segmentation sociale
Chapeau, Mathieu; Fincoeur, Bertrand ULg; Lemaître, André ULg

Book (2008)

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See detailL’image scientifique : Pratiques de production, visualisation et interpretation
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Nouveaux Actes Sémiotiques (2008)

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See detailDescription et analyse d'un modèle de respiration hétérotrophe appliqué à un sol agricole.
Buysse, Pauline ULg

Master's dissertation (2008)

This work aimed to describe a mechanistic model for soil heterotrophic respiration, to apply it to an agricultural soil and to specify its important parameters, in order to define future research fields ... [more ▼]

This work aimed to describe a mechanistic model for soil heterotrophic respiration, to apply it to an agricultural soil and to specify its important parameters, in order to define future research fields. A complete description of the model structure is given. It uses a daily time step and is derived from the CENTURY model. The model was found to be independent from the initial carbon pool contents and an exponential relationship was observed between the order of stabilisation of the different pools and their respective decomposition constants. Literature was scanned to provide a panel of biochemical parameter values (nitrogen, lignin, cellulose and hemicellulose contents) for wheat, sugar beet and potato crops. Large parameter ranges of values were noticed and a lack of information about sugar beet and potato crops drove our choice to work with wheat biochemical parameters later on. An exponential relationship between two parameters linked to the effect of temperature on microbial respiratory activity, respectively Tb and h, was highlighted. For a fixed value of Q10, the values of these two parameters varied in opposite ways. The sensitivity analysis was performed at both short and long terms, mainly on the basis of carbon pool contents. The results were very variable from one pool to another. In both analyses Tb and h appeared to be the most sensitive parameters while some differences between both time spans were noticed, notably because of pool stabilisation dynamics and crop residue types. In the end, the combination of sensitivity values with parameter ranges of values brought us to consider the parameters Tb, h, Nlit (% nitrogen in above-ground residues) and Lignlit (% lignin in above-ground residues) and the forcing variables MBR (root residues quantity) and Litfall (above-ground residues quantity) as the features about which further investigations would be needed. The integration of this mechanistic model into a more complete one, also taking account of autotrophic respiration and CO2 diffusion in soils, is a further goal to achieve. [less ▲]

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See detailCore Content Classification in General Practice/Family Medicine (3CGP/FM): a proposal for a complementary classification system in GP/FM.
Jamoulle, Marc ULg

E-print/Working paper (2008)

To accompany the International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC), a new classification called Core Content Classification in General Practice Family Medicine (3CGP/FM) is proposed in order to index ... [more ▼]

To accompany the International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC), a new classification called Core Content Classification in General Practice Family Medicine (3CGP/FM) is proposed in order to index documents pertaining to the domain of expertise of GP/GM. The tool and its construction are described and their purpose discussed. 3CGP/FM, which is also complementary to Medline, permits the indexing of Wonca congress presentations and allows a quick view of the main axes of research of GP/FM. A desk copy of 3CGP/FM is available on the Wonca abstracts repository project web site and in attached file. [less ▲]

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See detailDislocations as a Developmental Marker in French Language: A Preliminary Study
Maillart, Christelle ULg; Parisse, Christophe

in Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics (2008), 22(4), 255-258

In a previous study, Parisse suggested that subject dislocations in French language (e.g. "la fille elle dort") could be considered as a marker of morphosyntactic development in children with normal ... [more ▼]

In a previous study, Parisse suggested that subject dislocations in French language (e.g. "la fille elle dort") could be considered as a marker of morphosyntactic development in children with normal language development. The present study aimed to develop this proposition and to confirm it with experimental data, more specifically the fact that this development would go through a four-step process. Our prediction was that children could produce forms that correspond to successive steps in the developmental process (for example, forms [1] and [2], or [2] and [3]), but not forms that were very different (for example, forms [1] and [4], or [2] and [4]). In order to test this hypothesis, a sentence repetition task was administrated to 27 children aged 4 to 5. The results confirm the presence of a developmental trend in the use of dislocation in spontaneous language. At age 4, dislocations were frequent (30%), and tended to respect the gender (stage 3 and 4). At age 5, dislocations were rare (stage 4). Previous stages (1 and 2) would be observed in younger children. [less ▲]

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See detailFemmes entrepreneures et formation à distance : Quel impact sur leur sentiment d’efficacité personnelle? Etude du cas ELFE
Constantinidis, Christina ULg

Conference (2008, August 20)

Cette communication s’inscrit dans le cadre du projet Elfe et vise à évaluer l’impact d’une formation à distance pour femmes créatrices et chefs d’entreprise sur leur sentiment d’efficacité personnelle ... [more ▼]

Cette communication s’inscrit dans le cadre du projet Elfe et vise à évaluer l’impact d’une formation à distance pour femmes créatrices et chefs d’entreprise sur leur sentiment d’efficacité personnelle, tel que défini par Bandura (1997). Nous situons notre intervention par rapport aux premier et deuxième niveaux d’évaluation d’une formation selon Kirkpatrick (1983), se rapportant respectivement à la satisfaction des apprenants et à leurs acquis, avec une attention particulière au sentiment d’efficacité personnelle. Notre méthodologie de recherche qualitative est basée sur dix études de cas approfondies auprès de femmes futures créatrices et chefs d’entreprise. Les résultats en termes de satisfaction des apprenantes sont nuancés et mettent en évidence différents éléments de contexte. Par contre, l’étude révèle qu’au terme de la formation à distance, les femmes entrepreneures de notre échantillon ont vu leur sentiment d’efficacité personnelle augmenter. Nous identifions différents facteurs explicatifs. Enfin, l’analyse met en évidence certains éléments relatifs au troisième niveau de Kirkpatrick, le transfert sur le terrain, ouvrant ainsi la route à de nouvelles pistes de recherche. Les implications managériales sont importantes. En effet, il nous semble crucial que notre formation s’inscrive dans une vision à long terme et, au-delà de développer les connaissances et compétences, contribue aussi et surtout à renforcer le sentiment d’efficacité personnelle des apprenantes par rapport à leurs capacités entrepreneuriales, facteur déterminant pour la performance présente et future de leurs entreprises. [less ▲]

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See detailValidation of ACE-FTS N2O measurements
Strong, Kimberley; Wolff, Mareile A; Kerzenmacher, Tobias E et al

in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (2008), 8(16), 4759-4786

The Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment (ACE), also known as SCISAT, was launched on 12 August 2003, carrying two instruments that measure vertical profiles of atmospheric constituents using the solar ... [more ▼]

The Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment (ACE), also known as SCISAT, was launched on 12 August 2003, carrying two instruments that measure vertical profiles of atmospheric constituents using the solar occultation technique. One of these instruments, the ACE Fourier Transform Spectrometer (ACE-FTS), is measuring volume mixing ratio (VMR) profiles of nitrous oxide (N2O) from the upper troposphere to the lower mesosphere at a vertical resolution of about 3-4 km. In this study, the quality of the ACE-FTS version 2.2 N2O data is assessed through comparisons with coincident measurements made by other satellite, balloon-borne, aircraft, and ground-based instruments. These consist of vertical profile comparisons with the SMR, MLS, and MIPAS satellite instruments, multiple aircraft flights of ASUR, and single balloon flights of SPIRALE and FIRS-2, and partial column comparisons with a network of ground-based Fourier Transform InfraRed spectrometers (FTIRs). Between 6 and 30 km, the mean absolute differences for the satellite comparisons lie between -42 ppbv and +17 ppbv, with most within +/- 20 ppbv. This corresponds to relative deviations from the mean that are within +/- 15%, except for comparisons with MIPAS near 30 km, for which they are as large as 22.5%. Between 18 and 30 km, the mean absolute differences for the satellite comparisons are generally within +/- 10 ppbv. From 30 to 60 km, the mean absolute differences are within +/- 4 ppbv, and are mostly between -2 and +1 ppbv. Given the small N2O VMR in this region, the relative deviations from the mean are therefore large at these altitudes, with most suggesting a negative bias in the ACE-FTS data between 30 and 50 km. In the comparisons with the FTIRs, the mean relative differences between the ACE-FTS and FTIR partial columns (which cover a mean altitude range of 14 to 27 km) are within +/- 5.6% for eleven of the twelve contributing stations. This mean relative difference is negative at ten stations, suggesting a small negative bias in the ACE-FTS partial columns over the altitude regions compared. Excellent correlation (R=0.964) is observed between the ACE-FTS and FTIR partial columns, with a slope of 1.01 and an intercept of -0.20 on the line fitted to the data. [less ▲]

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See detailLe supply chain risk manager
Nondonfaz, Robert ULg; Arda, Yasemin ULg

Article for general public (2008)

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See detailQuels enseignements retenir de l’évaluation des compétences documentaires des étudiants qui accèdent à l’enseignement supérieur en Communauté française de Belgique ?
Pochet, Bernard ULg; Thirion, Paul ULg

Conference (2008, August 13)

Cette enquête est une adaptation d’une étude équivalente réalisée, en 2002, au Québec. Le questionnaire comporte 20 questions réparties en 5 thèmes représentant les étapes de la recherche documentaire ... [more ▼]

Cette enquête est une adaptation d’une étude équivalente réalisée, en 2002, au Québec. Le questionnaire comporte 20 questions réparties en 5 thèmes représentant les étapes de la recherche documentaire. Elle vise à connaître le niveau de compétences documentaires des étudiants qui arrivent dans l’enseignement supérieur, vérifier l’adéquation de celui-ci avec la perception qu’en ont les formateurs et identifier les lacunes afin de permettre d’améliorer les formations. 31 établissements d'enseignement universitaire et non universitaire ont accepté de participer à l’étude. Le questionnaire québécois adapté à la situation belge a été envoyé en septembre 2007 à un échantillon aléatoire de 4388 étudiants accédant pour la première fois à l'enseignement supérieur. Le taux de retour s’élève à 42,57%. Après analyse, il apparaît que comme au Québec, la moyenne des résultats est faible (7,67/20). Outre diverses variables sociologiques, certaines caractéristiques des étudiants sont en lien direct avec le niveau de performance, notamment la fréquentation d'une bibliothèque dans l'enseignement secondaire, le choix d'option dans le secondaire ou le choix actuel d’étude. A contrario, l'utilisation d'Internet ne semble pas favoriser la compétence informationnelle des étudiants. Ces observations confirment la nécessité de proposer des formations aux étudiants pour leur permettre d’atteindre les compétences requises par le métier d’étudiant. Les lacunes observées vont permettre d’adapter les formations existantes. L'étude doit se poursuivre pour évaluer l’impact réel des formations documentaires proposées. [less ▲]

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See detailThe neon content of nearby B-type stars and its implications for the solar model problem
Morel, Thierry ULg; Butler, K.

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2008), 487

The recent downward revision of the solar photospheric abundances now leads to severe inconsistencies between the theoretical predictions for the internal structure of the Sun and the results of ... [more ▼]

The recent downward revision of the solar photospheric abundances now leads to severe inconsistencies between the theoretical predictions for the internal structure of the Sun and the results of helioseismology. There have been claims that the solar neon abundance may be underestimated and that an increase in this poorly-known quantity could alleviate (or even completely solve) this problem. Early-type stars in the solar neighbourhood are well-suited to testing this hypothesis because they are the only stellar objects whose absolute neon abundance can be derived from the direct analysis of photospheric lines. Here we present a fully homogeneous NLTE abundance study of the optical Ne I and Ne II lines in a sample of 18 nearby, early B-type stars, which suggests log É (Ne) = 7.97 ± 0.07 dex (on the scale in which log É [H] = 12) for the present-day neon abundance of the local interstellar medium (ISM). Chemical evolution models of the Galaxy only predict a very small enrichment of the nearby interstellar gas in neon over the past 4.6 Gyr, implying that our estimate should be representative of the Sun at birth. Although higher by about 35% than the new recommended solar abundance, such a value appears insufficient by itself to restore the past agreement between the solar models and the helioseismological constraints. Appendices A and B are only available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org Table [see full text] is also available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/487/307 [less ▲]

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See detailVariation of delta(9)-desaturase activity in dairy cattle
Soyeurt, Hélène ULg; Dehareng, Frédéric; Mayeres, Patrick et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (2008), 91(8), 3211-3224

The endogenous production of unsaturated fatty acids (FA), particularly some monounsaturated FA (%MONO) and nearly all conjugated linoleic acids, is regulated by the 9-desaturase activity. The aims of ... [more ▼]

The endogenous production of unsaturated fatty acids (FA), particularly some monounsaturated FA (%MONO) and nearly all conjugated linoleic acids, is regulated by the 9-desaturase activity. The aims of this study were to assess the variation of this enzymatic activity within lactation, across dairy breeds, and to estimate its genetic parameters. The ratios of C14:1 cis-9 to C14:0, C16:1 cis-9 to C16:0, and C18:1 cis to C18:0 were calculated from FA contents predicted by mid-infrared spectrometry. Variance components and standard errors were estimated using average information REML. The multitrait mixed model included as fixed effects herd × test date × class of lactation number, class of days in milk × class of lactation number, class of age × class of lactation number, and regressions on breed composition. Four random effects were also included: animal genetic effect, 2 permanent environments (within and across lactations), and residual effect. Under the assumption that the calculated ratios are an approximate measurement of 9-desaturase activity, this study showed different sources of variation for this enzymatic activity. A slight difference was observed within lactation. The ratios of C14:1 cis-9 to C14:0 and C16:1 cis-9 to C16:0 increased as a function of days in milk. Differences across 7 dairy breeds were observed. The values of 9-desaturase indices observed for Jersey and Brown-Swiss cows were lower compared with Holstein. The opposite was observed for dual-purpose Belgian Blue cows. Values of heritability for the ratios of C14:1 cis-9 to C14:0, C16:1 cis-9 to C16:0, and C18:1 cis to C18:0 were 20, 20, and 3%, respectively. Negative genetic correlations observed between fat or protein contents and the 3 indices suggested that an increased activity of 9-desaturase could inhibit the synthesis of fat and protein in bovine milk. Negative correlations were also observed between fat or protein contents and the contents of 3 studied unsaturated FA in milk fat (C14:1 cis-9, C16:1 cis-9, and C18:1 cis). The positive genetic correlations observed between %MONO and the ratios of C14:1 cis-9 to C14:0 (0.72), C16:1 cis-9 to C16:0 (0.62), and C18:1 cis to C18:0 (0.97) showed that %MONO is linked to the 9-desaturase activity. [less ▲]

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See detailThe first orbital solution for the massive colliding-wind binary HD 93162 (=WR 25)
Gamen, R.; Gosset, Eric ULg; Morrell, N. I. et al

in Revista Mexicana de Astronomia y Astrofisica Conference Series (2008, August 01)

Since the discovery, with EINSTEIN, of strong X-ray emission associated with HD 93162, this object was recurrently predicted by some authors to be a colliding-wind binary system. However, radial-velocity ... [more ▼]

Since the discovery, with EINSTEIN, of strong X-ray emission associated with HD 93162, this object was recurrently predicted by some authors to be a colliding-wind binary system. However, radial-velocity variations that would prove the suspected binary nature have never been found so far. We spectroscopically monitored this object in order to investigate its possible variability and to provide an answer to the above-mentioned discordance. We derived radial velocities from spectroscopic data acquired mainly between 1994 and 2006, and searched for periodicities. For the first time, periodic radial-velocity variations are detected. Our analysis definitively shows that the Wolf-Rayet star WR 25 is actually an eccentric binary system with a probable period of about 208 days. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards an Understanding of the Of?p star HD 191612: Optical Spectroscopy
Howarth, I. D.; Walborn, N. R.; Lennon, D. J. et al

in Revista Mexicana de Astronomia y Astrofisica Conference Series (2008, August 01)

We have acquired extensive optical spectroscopy of the early-type magnetic star HD 191612 (O6.5f?pe-O8fp). The Balmer and HeI lines show strongly variable emission which is extremely reproducible on a ... [more ▼]

We have acquired extensive optical spectroscopy of the early-type magnetic star HD 191612 (O6.5f?pe-O8fp). The Balmer and HeI lines show strongly variable emission which is extremely reproducible on a well-determined 538-d period. Metal lines and HeII absorptions (including many selective emission lines, but excluding HeII lambda 4686 Å emission) are nearly constant in line strength, but are variable in velocity. The radial-velocity variations establish a double-lined binary orbit with P_{orb} = 1542d, e = 0.44; by elimination, rotational modulation of a magnetically constrained plasma is left as by far the most likely `clock' underlying the 538-d changes. The implied rotation period shows that slow rotators can easily be hidden in the O-star population, with gaussian-like `turbulence' dominating the line widths. [less ▲]

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See detailGravitational Lensing, Dark Matter and the Optical Gravitational Lens Experiment
Surdej, Jean ULg; Claeskens, Jean-François ULg; Delacroix, Christian ULg et al

in Matagne, N.; Cugnon, Joseph; Lansberg, Jean-Philippe (Eds.) American Institute of Physics Conference Proc. Volume 1038 (2008, August 01)

After briefly reviewing the history of gravitational lensing, we recall the basic principles of the theory. We then describe and use a simple optical gravitational lens experiment which has the virtue of ... [more ▼]

After briefly reviewing the history of gravitational lensing, we recall the basic principles of the theory. We then describe and use a simple optical gravitational lens experiment which has the virtue of accounting for all types of image configurations observed so far among the presently known gravitational lens systems. Finally, we briefly present the 4m International Liquid Mirror Telescope project in the context of a photometric monitoring of multiply imaged quasars. [less ▲]

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See detailA transiting planet among 23 new near-threshold candidates from the OGLE survey - OGLE-TR-182
Pont, F.; Tamuz, O.; Udalski, A. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2008), 487

By re-processing the data of the second season of the OGLE survey for planetary transits and adding new mesurements on the same fields gathered in subsequent years with the OGLE telescope, we have ... [more ▼]

By re-processing the data of the second season of the OGLE survey for planetary transits and adding new mesurements on the same fields gathered in subsequent years with the OGLE telescope, we have identified 23 new transit candidates, recorded as OGLE-TR-178 to OGLE-TR-200. We studied the nature of these objects with the FLAMES/UVES multi-fiber spectrograph on the VLT. One of the candidates, OGLE-TR-182, was confirmed as a transiting gas giant planet on a 4-day orbit. We characterised it with further observations using the FORS1 camera and UVES spectrograph on the VLT. OGLE-TR-182b is a typical ``hot Jupiter'' with an orbital period of 3.98 days, a mass of 1.01 ± 0.15~M_Jup and a radius of 1.13[SUP]+0.24[/SUP][SUB]-0.08[/SUB]~R_Jup. Confirming this transiting planet required a large investment in telescope time with the best instruments available, and we comment on the difficulty of the confirmation process for transiting planets in the OGLE survey. We delineate the zone were confirmation is difficult or impossible, and discuss the implications for the CoRoT space mission in its quest for transiting telluric planets. Based on observations made with the FORS1 camera and the FLAMES/UVES spectrograph at the VLT, ESO, Chile (programmes 076.C-0706 and 177.C-0666) and 1.3-m Warsaw Telescope at Las Campanas Observatory, Chile. [less ▲]

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