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See detailMobility, turnover and storage of pollutants in soils, sediments and waters: achievements and results of the EU project AquaTerra. A review
Barth, J. A. C.; Grathwohl, P.; Fowler, H. J. et al

in Agronomy for Sustainable Development (2009), 29(1), 161-173

AquaTerra is one of the first environmental projects within the 6th Framework program by the European Commission. It began in June 2004 with a multidisciplinary team of 45 partner organizations from 13 EU ... [more ▼]

AquaTerra is one of the first environmental projects within the 6th Framework program by the European Commission. It began in June 2004 with a multidisciplinary team of 45 partner organizations from 13 EU countries, Switzerland, Serbia, Romania and Montenegro. Results from sampling and modeling in 4 large river basins (Ebro, Danube, Elbe and Meuse) and one catchment of the Brévilles Spring in France led to new evaluations of diffuse and hotspot input of persistent organic and metal pollutants including dynamics of pesticides and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, as well as metal turnover and accumulation. While degradation of selected organic compounds could be demonstrated under controlled conditions in the laboratory, turnover of most persistent pollutants in the field seems to range from decades to centuries. First investigations of long-term cumulative and degradation effects, particularly in the context of climate change, have shown that it is also necessary to consider the predictions of more than one climate model when trying to assess future impacts. This is largely controlled by uncertainties in climate model responses. It is becoming evident, however, that changes to the climate will have important impacts on the diffusion and degradation of pollutants in space and time that are just at the start of their exploration. [less ▲]

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See detailFrontal-view gait recognition by intra- and inter-frame rectangle size distribution
Barnich, Olivier ULg; Van Droogenbroeck, Marc ULg

in Pattern Recognition Letters (2009), 30

Current trends seem to accredit gait as a sensible biometric feature for human identification, at least in a multimodal system. In addition to being a robust feature, gait is hard to fake and requires no ... [more ▼]

Current trends seem to accredit gait as a sensible biometric feature for human identification, at least in a multimodal system. In addition to being a robust feature, gait is hard to fake and requires no cooperation from the user. As in many video systems, the recognition confidence relies on the angle of view of the camera and on the illumination conditions, inducing a sensitivity to operational conditions that one may wish to lower. In this paper we present an efficient approach capable of recognizing people in frontal-view video sequences. The approach uses an intra-frame description of silhouettes which consists of a set of rectangles that will fit into any closed silhouette. A dynamic, inter-frame, dimension is then added by aggregating the size distributions of these rectangles over multiple successive frames. For each new frame, the inter-frame gait signature is updated and used to estimate the identity of the person detected in the scene. Finally, in order to smooth the decision on the identity, a majority vote is applied to previous results. In the final part of this article, we provide experimental results and discuss the accuracy of the classification for our own database of 21 known persons, and for a public database of 25 persons. [less ▲]

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See detailThe January 2002 eruption of Nyiragongo volcano (DRC) captured by InSAR
Wauthier, Christelle ULg; Cayol, V.; Kervyn, F. et al

in Proc. of Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2009 IEEE International, IGARSS 2009 , July 13-17 2009, Cape Town, Africa (2009)

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See detailImpact des infrastructures de transport sur les paysages ordinaires : application au cas de l’espace périurbain liégeois en Belgique
Teller, Jacques ULg; Cremasco, Véronica ULg

in Kerbachi, R.; Joumard, R.; Boughedaoui, M. (Eds.) et al Environnement et Transports dans des contextes différents (2009)

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See detailL’Ardennaise: statut de la race et de ses variétés.
Moula, Nassim ULg; Antoine-Moussiaux, Nicolas ULg; Farnir, Frédéric ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2009), 153

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See detailLa coopération roumaine au développement : exercice d'approche goffmannienne
Teclu, Codrat Alin ULg

Master's dissertation (2009)

L’objectif du présent mémoire est de comprendre comment un pays, en l’occurrence la Roumanie, passe du statut d’aidé à celui d’aidant. Le 1er janvier 2007, celle-ci intègre en effet l’Union Européenne ... [more ▼]

L’objectif du présent mémoire est de comprendre comment un pays, en l’occurrence la Roumanie, passe du statut d’aidé à celui d’aidant. Le 1er janvier 2007, celle-ci intègre en effet l’Union Européenne. Faisant partie de l’acquis communautaire, la coopération au développement commence dès lors officiellement pour la Roumanie en tant que nouveau membre. Le pays se voit ainsi confronté à un nouvel horizon : soutenir la réalisation des Objectifs du Millénaire pour le Développement (OMD) dans le « Sud ». Mais lorsque l’on sait qu’elle a eu, elle aussi, son propre rapport des OMD pour 2008, on prend conscience que ce chantier constitue un vrai défi. Devant cette situation nouvelle, nous avons mobilisé l’un des concepts clés du sociologue Erving Goffman – le faceworking – afin de rendre compte le plus finement possible du processus d’acquisition des rôles dorénavant dévolus aux différents acteurs nationaux impliqués dans l’aide roumaine. Nous démontrons que si les protagonistes tentent de réaliser leurs intérêts, ils ne peuvent le faire qu’en maintenant chacun une "face" vis-à-vis des autres. Les rencontres entre deux institutions sont dès lors encadrées par une dynamique propre à l’interaction. Une dynamique qui a peut-être été sous-estimée par la littérature sociologique et anthropologique en développement : si les rôles et le statut des institutions ont été abondamment analysés, la manière dont naît un nouveau rôle/statut est fréquemment traitée comme une « boîte noire ». Or, cette situation est exactement celle que vit aujourd’hui la Roumanie sur la scène internationale. Prenant à rebours ce changement macro social, l’hypothèse du mémoire est que les interactions à première vue les plus anodines peuvent être au fondement de changements de plus grande échelle. [less ▲]

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See detailLes clauses take or pay: des clauses originales et méconnues
Kohl, Benoît ULg; Vanwijck, Michèle ULg; Salzburger, Romain ULg

in Journal des Tribunaux (2009)

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See detailLe promoteur
Kohl, Benoît ULg

in Guide de droit immobilier (2009)

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See detailRecension "Liber Amicorum Jean-Luc Fagnart"
Kohl, Benoît ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2009)

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See detail3ième Université d'Eté du Conseil Francophone
Kohl, Benoît ULg; Culot, André; Aughuet, Charlotte et al

Diverse speeche and writing (2009)

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See detailEffects of coal sampling density on the elemental analysis by using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
Li, Jie ULg; Lu, Jidong; Lin, Zhaoxiang et al

in Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology(Natural Science Edition) (2009), 37(2), 112-116

Three representative coals from different mines were sampled for analysis. In order to investigate t he effect s of density of samples on t he coal analysis by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, the ... [more ▼]

Three representative coals from different mines were sampled for analysis. In order to investigate t he effect s of density of samples on t he coal analysis by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, the powder samples and pellet samples which pressed with different pressures were selected for the experiment . The spectra of 200~850 nm of powder and pellet coal samples were obtained , and the emission lines of component s such as C , H , O , N , Al , Fe , Ca , Mg , Si , Ti , Na and K were recorded. Emission lines of C , Al , Ca , Mg , Si and Ti element s were chosen for analysis of calibration curve method and internal standardization met hod because of their high intensity and little interference. The results showed that the density of the samples has more effect s on the calibration curve met hod than the internal standardization met hod. [less ▲]

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See detailSexual dimorphism in two pure cichlid species, Oreochromis niloticus and Sarotherodon melanotheron, and their intergeneric hybrids
Toguyeni, A.; Fauconneau, B.; Mélard, Charles ULg et al

in African Journal of Aquatic Science (2009), 34

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See detailPerspectives - Quel avenir pour les cuvettes oasiennes dans le Niger oriental ?
Tychon, Bernard ULg; Ambouta, Karimou Jean-Marie; Ozer, André ULg et al

in Geo-Eco-Trop (2009), 33

The oasian interdunal depressions of eastern Niger are areas of life providing refuge to agro-pastoral activities in a generally hostile environment. The inter-university Targeted Program (ITP) funded by ... [more ▼]

The oasian interdunal depressions of eastern Niger are areas of life providing refuge to agro-pastoral activities in a generally hostile environment. The inter-university Targeted Program (ITP) funded by the Coopération Universitaire au Développement (CUD) called "Invasion of circular lowlands (cuvettes) of south-eastern Niger by aeolian deposits: processes, impacts and means of struggle" has studied the problem of silting of these refuge areas and proposed technical means, including physical and biological fixation of dunes that threaten the villages and interdunal depressions. Given the increasing human pressure and the present climate context that seems to move towards dryer conditions, environmental degradation of the study area should be investigated more broadly. Set up of strategies to allow people to adapt their conditions of life to an environment increasingly rough should also be considered. This paper presents some possible options for adaptation and examines the question of the very future of these interdunal depressions. [less ▲]

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See detailQuelques contrefaçons liégeoises du 18e siècle
Droixhe, Daniel ULg

in Marchandisse, Alain (Ed.) Florilège du livre en principauté de Liège (2009)

Choice of some of the most well-known counterfeited editions from Liège (18th century)

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See detailDevelopment of HY1 hybrid embryos between a cultivar of Phaseolus vulgaris L. and a wild genotype of Phaseolus coccineus L.
Nguema Ndoutoumou, Pamphile; Toussaint, André ULg; Baudoin, Jean-Pierre ULg

in International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences (2009), 3(1), 20-26

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See detail(1)H, (13)C and (15)N assignments of a camelid nanobody directed against human alpha-synuclein.
Vuchelen, Anneleen; O'Day, Elizabeth; De Genst, Erwin et al

in Biomolecular NMR Assignments (2009), 3(2), 231-3

Nanobodies are single chain antibodies that are uniquely produced in Camelidae, e.g. camels and llamas. They have the desirable features of small sizes (Mw < 14 kDa) and high affinities against antigens ... [more ▼]

Nanobodies are single chain antibodies that are uniquely produced in Camelidae, e.g. camels and llamas. They have the desirable features of small sizes (Mw < 14 kDa) and high affinities against antigens (Kd approximately nM), making them ideal as structural probes for biomedically relevant motifs both in vitro and in vivo. We have previously shown that nanobody binding to amyloidogenic human lysozyme variants can effectively inhibit their aggregation, the process that is at the origin of systemic amyloid disease. Here we report the NMR assignments of a new nanobody, termed NbSyn2, which recognises the C-terminus of the intrinsically disordered protein, human alpha-synuclein (aS), whose aberrant self-association is implicated in Parkinson's disease. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of lateral mobility of channels at different spatial and time scales (Ardenne massif, Belgium)
Houbrechts, Geoffrey ULg; Van Campenhout, Jean ULg; Hallot, Eric ULg et al

Poster (2009)

Lateral mobility of Ardenne rivers has been studied at different scales using three complementary methods. We firstly compared the layout of channels on topographic maps (since the 18th century) and ... [more ▼]

Lateral mobility of Ardenne rivers has been studied at different scales using three complementary methods. We firstly compared the layout of channels on topographic maps (since the 18th century) and aerial pictures. Given that these documents have different scales and projection systems, they were transformed into a common referencing system. This method allowed us to study the lateral shifting of channels, however, as the mobility of Ardenne rivers is relatively low, the errors of geometric rectifications are often more important than lateral displacements. Therefore, to visualize these deformations, georeferenced documents were overlaid with a regular grid of points. We represented the imprecision vector based on x and y residual components for each point. These vectors show the direction of the deformation and its amplitude. Large quantities of iron slag are present in the sediments of Ardenne rivers. These waste products come from hundreds of ironworks built close to rivers since the 14th century. Analyses of slag concentrations in alluvial deposits allowed us to delimitate the sectors of floodplains eroded by rivers during the last centuries. In these sectors, slag elements are present at the contact with the gravel sheet. Finally, we analysed the topography of floodplains from a DEM-LIDAR. This digital elevation model has been established by the Walloon Region for the cartography of flood risk in floodplains. It presents a Z mean error of only 15 cm and a X-Y resolution of 1 m. In order to reveal paleochannels and topographic alluvial units, we subtracted a surface, corresponding to the longitudinal water surface slope, extracted from the DEM. By using this method, we are able to obtain the relative height of any point of the floodplain with regard to the water surface, projected perpendicularly to the layout, on this point. This procedure reveals paleochannels even if they are almost infilled and allows us to delimitate, for several kilometres, alluvial units, which have been formed at different periods. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean Construction Law and the Draft Common Frame of Reference : Selected Topics
Kohl, Benoît ULg

in European Review of Private Law (2009), (4), 675-702

Chapter IV.C-3 of the academic “Draft Common Frame of Reference”, published in February 2009, deals with the specific construction contract (articles IV.C-3:101 to IV.C.-3:108), i.e. the contract “under ... [more ▼]

Chapter IV.C-3 of the academic “Draft Common Frame of Reference”, published in February 2009, deals with the specific construction contract (articles IV.C-3:101 to IV.C.-3:108), i.e. the contract “under which one party, the constructor, undertakes to construct a building or other immovable structure, or to materially alter an existing building or other immovable structure, following a design provided by the client” (article IV.C.-3:101). The aim of this paper is firstly to set out some points of comparison, in relation with the building of immovable structures only, between the solutions provided under the Draft Common Frame of Reference and under Belgian law to the same legal issue (especially the variations ordered by the client, the delivery procedure and the liability for defects which appear after delivery of the works) and then to discuss the specific rules existing in Belgium regarding the acquisition by consumers of buildings (houses or apartments) under construction. Finally, I will discuss the question as to whether it could also be useful to take further steps towards harmonising consumer protection in the field of construction law. [less ▲]

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