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See detailLa vaccination a base de mycobacteries: vaincra-t-elle les allergies?
Louis, Renaud ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2003), 58(6), 392-5

In developed countries, the prevalence of tuberculosis has evolved in an opposite direction as to the one of allergy over the last century. The immunological response is mainly Th1 in tuberculosis while ... [more ▼]

In developed countries, the prevalence of tuberculosis has evolved in an opposite direction as to the one of allergy over the last century. The immunological response is mainly Th1 in tuberculosis while it features a Th2 pattern in allergy. Vaccination with BCG in early life is associated with a reduction in the prevalence of allergy later in childhood. In an experimental mouse model of asthma, administration of BCG or killed Mycobacterium vaccae inhibits the sensitisation process as well as the bronchial inflammation and hyperresponsiveness that follows allergen exposure. In children and adolescents suffering from atopic dermatitis, subcutaneous injection of killed Mycobacterium vaccae attenuates the severity of skin lesions. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-term memory effects on verbal short-term memory : a replication study
Majerus, Steve ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in British Journal of Developmental Psychology (2003), 21(Part 2), 303-310

The influence of lexico-semantic language representations stored in long-term memory (LTM) on short-term memory (STM) performance has been studied extensively in adults. However, there are relatively few ... [more ▼]

The influence of lexico-semantic language representations stored in long-term memory (LTM) on short-term memory (STM) performance has been studied extensively in adults. However, there are relatively few data on lexico-semantic LTM effects on STM in children. On the other hand, the influence of phonological LTM effects on STM has been studied more extensively in children than in adults. In this study, we explored whether these different LTM effects on verbal STM could be replicated in both adults and children by administering immediate serial recall tasks (ISR) for high- and low-frequency words, for high- and low-imageability words, for words and non-words, and for high and low phonotactic frequency non-words to 6-, 8-, and 10-year-old children, to adolescents and to adults. Significant word frequency, lexicality and phonotactic frequency effects were observed in all age groups, as well as a word imageability effect which was, however, weaker than the other three effects. Our data suggest that LTM effects on STM are equivalent in both children and adults. [less ▲]

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See detailCommunication, positionnement et GPS
Debouche, Charles ULg

in Journal des Ingénieurs (Le) (2003), 87

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See detailFuzzy K-NN applied to moulds detection
Kuske, Martyna; Rubio, R.; Nicolas, Jacques ULg et al

in Proceedings of ISOEN'03 (2003, June)

The possibility to detect Aspergillus versicolor growing on different building materials by a metal oxide sensor array is studied. Results show that an accurate classification rate of 89 +/- 3% can be ... [more ▼]

The possibility to detect Aspergillus versicolor growing on different building materials by a metal oxide sensor array is studied. Results show that an accurate classification rate of 89 +/- 3% can be obtained combining an extended linear discriminant analysis plus a fuzzy k-NN classifier. The classification ability of the classifier is assessed within the dataset by crossvalidation and also in a second dataset collected 5 months later. There is a slight decrease in the classification performance for all the algorithms, being the most sensitive the most accurate one. [less ▲]

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See detailA new tool for testing transmitter's implantation impact on fish: the computerized video tracking
Jadot, Catherine; Donnay, Annick ULg; Ylieff, Marc ULg et al

Poster (2003, June)

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See detailPreparation of BaZrO3 powders by a spray-drying process
Robertz, B.; Boschini, Frédéric ULg; Rulmont, André ULg et al

in Journal of Materials Research (2003), 18(6), 1325-1332

The potential use of barium zirconate for the manufacture of corrosion-resistant substrates emphasizes the need for a simple, inexpensive, and easily scalable process to produce high-quality powders with ... [more ▼]

The potential use of barium zirconate for the manufacture of corrosion-resistant substrates emphasizes the need for a simple, inexpensive, and easily scalable process to produce high-quality powders with well-controlled composition and properties. However, the classical solid-state preparation of barium zirconate leads to an inhomogeneous powder unsuitable for applications in highly corrosive environment. For this paper, the possibility to use the spray-drying technique for the preparation of BaZrO3 powders with a controlled size distribution and morphology was investigated. The influence of the nature and concentration of the precursor solution and the influence of the spray-drying step are discussed on the basis of x-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and dilatometric measurements. [less ▲]

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See detailCaractérisation des fluides bi-phasiques cryogéniques par absorption différentielle de rayonnements gamma
Carapelle, Alain ULg

Master of advanced studies dissertation (2003)

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See detailGenetic engineering of the beta-oxydation pathway in the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica to increase the production of aroma compounds
Waché, Y.; Groguenin, A.; Escamilla Garcia, E. et al

in Chemické Listy (2003, June), 97

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See detailLa "décomposition de l'UEO (1999-2003) : variables institutionnelles et militaires
Dumoulin, André ULg

Master's dissertation (2003)

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See detailStructural evolution of lamellar surfactant-silica hybrids upon calcination
Henrist, Catherine ULg; Cano, I. G.; Rodriguez, M. A. et al

in Composites Science and Technology (2003), 63(8), 1127-1131

A lamellar mesostructured silica was subjected to a progressive heat treatment in order to study its structural evolution and the characteristics of the resulting calcined powder. By combining ... [more ▼]

A lamellar mesostructured silica was subjected to a progressive heat treatment in order to study its structural evolution and the characteristics of the resulting calcined powder. By combining informations from several physical methods, i.e. TG-DTA, XRD, TEM and nitrogen adsorption, it has been possible to evidence the formation of very small particles of silica at a temperature around 450 degreesC, exhibiting a very high value of aspect ratio, consequently to the template loss by combustion. By increasing the temperature above 530 degreesC, the dehydroxylation promotes a decrease in the surface area, followed by the sintering process at higher temperature, which nearly annihilate the surface area of the particles. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of the morphology of copper hydroxynitrate nanoplatelets obtained by controlled double jet precipitation and urea hydrolysis
Henrist, Catherine ULg; Traina, Karl ULg; Hubert, Cédric ULg et al

in Journal of Crystal Growth (2003), 254(1-2), 176-187

A copper hydroxynitrate of stoichiometry Cu-2(OH)(3)NO3, analogous to the layered double hydroxide family, was synthesized by the so-called controlled double jet precipitation technique, and by hydrolysis ... [more ▼]

A copper hydroxynitrate of stoichiometry Cu-2(OH)(3)NO3, analogous to the layered double hydroxide family, was synthesized by the so-called controlled double jet precipitation technique, and by hydrolysis of urea in the presence of copper nitrate. Special attention has been focused on the size, morphology and agglomeration tendency of the particles. The aim of this work is to define the optimum precipitation conditions in terms of quality and dispersability of the recovered product. Such platelet-like particles Can be used as anisotropic fillers in nanocomposite materials. Several reaction parameters such as flow and concentration of the reactant solutions, design of the reactor and addition of a growth modifier were studied. (C) 2003 Elsevier -Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse sensorielle : principes de base.
Blecker, Christophe ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2003)

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See detail2-oxepane-1,5-dione: a precursor of a novel class of versatile semicrystalline biodegradable (co)-polyesters
Latere Dwan'Isa, Jean-Pierre; Lecomte, Philippe ULg; Dubois, Philippe et al

Poster (2003, May 16)

2-oxepane-1,5-dione (OPD) was synthesized by Baeyer-Villiger oxidation of 1,4 cyclohexanedione and ring-opening polymerized by 1-phenyl- 2-propanol / tin octoate with formation of a semicrystalline ... [more ▼]

2-oxepane-1,5-dione (OPD) was synthesized by Baeyer-Villiger oxidation of 1,4 cyclohexanedione and ring-opening polymerized by 1-phenyl- 2-propanol / tin octoate with formation of a semicrystalline polyester of high melting temperature (Tm :147°C). Dibutyin dimethoxide and 2,2-dibutyl-2-stanna-1,3-dioxepane (DSDOP) proved to be efficient initiators for the random copolymerization of ε-caprolactone (εCL) and OPD. Random distribution of the comonomer units was confirmed by DSC, 1H and 13C NMR analyses. A single Tm was observed, which varies regularly and monotonically with the OPD content as result of a cocrystallisation phenomenon. The single glass transition temperature (Tg) obeys the Fox equation. It is noteworthy that a copolymer containing 30 mol % OPD exhibits a Tm of 90°C. It is stable up to 140°C under nitrogen for one hour, such that processing by extrusion is quite possible. The OPD decomposition is maximum at 223°C for a heating rate of 10°C/min. The mechanism of thermal degradation was investigated and cleared up. The ketone increases the copolymer hydrophilicity and thus sensitivity to hydrolysis. The mechanical properties are quite reminiscent of PCL of comparable molecular weight. Quite interestingly, OPD imparts sensitivity to photo-cross-linking to this novel class of materials. [less ▲]

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See detailPrécisions conceptuelles et méthodologiques en matière d’éducation au changement climatique.
Semal, Nathalie ULg

Speech (2003)

Cette allocutiona été présentée lors d'une réunion de travail organisée dans le cadre de la Convention des Nations Unies sur le Changement Climatique, dédiée à l'implémentation de son article 6, relatif à ... [more ▼]

Cette allocutiona été présentée lors d'une réunion de travail organisée dans le cadre de la Convention des Nations Unies sur le Changement Climatique, dédiée à l'implémentation de son article 6, relatif à l'éducation et à la sensibilisation du public au réchauffement climatique. Elle tente de développer quelques principes de base, tirés des enseignements des expériences menées en éducation relative à l'environnement. [less ▲]

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See detailTime correlations and 1/f behavior in backscattering radar reflectivity measurements from cirrus cloud ice fluctuations
Ivanova, K.; Ackerman, T. P.; Clothiaux, E. E. et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research. Atmospheres (2003), 108(D9),

[1] The state of the atmosphere is governed by the classical laws of fluid motion and exhibits correlations in various spatial and temporal scales. These correlations are crucial to understand the short ... [more ▼]

[1] The state of the atmosphere is governed by the classical laws of fluid motion and exhibits correlations in various spatial and temporal scales. These correlations are crucial to understand the short- and long-term trends in climate. Cirrus clouds are important ingredients of the atmospheric boundary layer. To improve future parameterization of cirrus clouds in climate models, it is important to understand the cloud properties and how they change within the cloud. We study correlations in the fluctuations of radar signals obtained at isodepths of winter and fall cirrus clouds. In particular, we focus on three quantities: (1) the backscattering cross-section, (2) the Doppler velocity, and (3) the Doppler spectral width. They correspond to the physical coefficients used in Navier Stokes equations to describe flows, i.e., bulk modulus, viscosity, and thermal conductivity. In all cases we find that power law time correlations exist with a crossover between regimes at about 3 to 5 min. We also find that different type of correlations, including 1/f behavior, characterize the top and the bottom layers and the bulk of the clouds. The underlying mechanisms for such correlations are suggested to originate in ice nucleation and crystal growth processes. [less ▲]

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