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See detailPhotography as a Witness of Theatre
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in RSSI : Recherches Sémiotiques = RSSI: Semiotic Inquiry (2008), 27-28(1-2), 43-57

My paper investigates the meeting of theatre and photography in ‘theatre photography’. Recognizing that both art forms can determine theoretical and philosophical views on representation and self ... [more ▼]

My paper investigates the meeting of theatre and photography in ‘theatre photography’. Recognizing that both art forms can determine theoretical and philosophical views on representation and self-representation, I aim to compare their visual strategies and the way they construct point of view. In the process several questions are raised: do qualities of photographs belong to objects photographed or to photographs themselves? How important is the object that ‘triggers’ the view? Should the theatre photographer place his camera anywhere? What of framing? In the second section I offer an analysis of photographs taken by Roger Pic in 1957 during the Paris performance of Brecht’s Mother Courage and Her Children by the Berliner Ensemble. This analysis seeks to demonstrate that theatre photography, which often seen as an example of documentary photography, can reach artistic status, provided it relies on enunciative strategies that express what cannot otherwise be photographed in a ‘direct’ manner, namely the characters’ words and emotions. [less ▲]

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See detailA statement on ethics from the HEART Group.
HEART Group; LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg

in Canadian Journal of Cardiology (2008), 24(5), 361-2

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See detailCompte rendu de Ugo ZILIOLI, "Protagoras and the Challenge of Relativism. Plato’s Subtlest Enemy"
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Philosophie Antique : Problèmes, Renaissances, Usages (2008), 8

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See detailRotation of axes for anisotropic metal in FEM simulations
Duchene, Laurent ULg; Lelotte, Thomas; Flores, Paulo et al

in International Journal of Plasticity (2008), (24), 397427

For the FE simulations relying on elasto-plastic models based on anisotropic yield locus description, it is important for the simulation accuracy to follow a Cartesian reference frame, where the yield ... [more ▼]

For the FE simulations relying on elasto-plastic models based on anisotropic yield locus description, it is important for the simulation accuracy to follow a Cartesian reference frame, where the yield locus is expressed. The classical formulations like the Hill 1948 model keep a constant shape of the yield locus when other texture based yield loci regularly update their shape. However in all these cases, the rotation of the Cartesian reference frame must be known. For simple shear tests performed on steel sheets, experimental displacements provide the actual updated position of initial orthogonal grids. The initial and final texture measurements give information on the average crystals rotation. For Hill constitutive law and texture based models, this paper compares the experimental results with different ways to follow the Cartesian reference frame: the co-rotational method, an original method based on the constant symmetric local velocity gradient and the Mandel spin computed by four different methods. [less ▲]

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See detailAdvection mechanism and their impact on CO2 net ecosystem exchange at three Carboeurope forest sites
Feigenwinter, Christian; ADVEX team; Heinesch, Bernard ULg et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailLe tremblement de terre du 18 septembre 1692 dans le nord de l'Ardenne (Belgique) : Impact sur le patrimoine architectural
Alexandre, Pierre ULg; Kusman, David; Camelbeeck, Thierry

in Levret, Agnès (Ed.) Actes des VIes Rencontres du groupe APS "Archéosismicité et Vulnérabilité. Environnement, bâti ancien et société" (Perpignan, 4-5.10.2002) (2008)

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See detailAvatars de la forme sonnet au XIXe siècle
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Formules (2008), 12

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See detailDaily activity rhythms of the African catfish Heterobranchus longifilis (Clariidae) in an experimental enclosure
Anselme, Patrick ULg; Bernaerts, Pascale; Poncin, Pascal ULg

in Aquatic Living Resources (2008), 21(4), 419-422

The swimming, air-gaping, and agonistic behaviours of Heterobranchus longifilis (318 +/- 67 mm) were examined while fish were in a fasted state under 12L: 12D and variable group size ( 2, 5, 10 and 15 ... [more ▼]

The swimming, air-gaping, and agonistic behaviours of Heterobranchus longifilis (318 +/- 67 mm) were examined while fish were in a fasted state under 12L: 12D and variable group size ( 2, 5, 10 and 15 fish) in a 1000-L aquarium. Fish exhibited a predominantly nocturnal activity pattern independent of group size. A diurnal peak of activity occurred, however, at the usual feeding time. A reduction in frequency of agonistic interactions was observed in larger groups. Five fish were then observed under 72L: 0D and 0L: 72D. The nocturnal activity pattern remained, contrary to the diurnal peak, and was independent of the duration of illumination or darkness. These results suggest the absence of biological clock in H. longifilis, although fish may somehow be influenced by past feeding experience. Behavioural plasticity in this species may provide potential for aquaculture in northern latitudes. [less ▲]

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See detailL'Aube 1902.Une expérience architecturale et décorative de Gustave Serrurier
Folville, Xavier ULg

in Gustave Serrurier-Bovy : Acteur du futur. Exposition :Liège, Mamac, 27.09.08-18.01.09 (2008)

Étude détaillée et illustrée de la villa, pendant et après sa phase de restauration. Elle témoigne des qualités de précurseur de Gustave Serrurier, tant par son goût pour les lignes simples et les formes ... [more ▼]

Étude détaillée et illustrée de la villa, pendant et après sa phase de restauration. Elle témoigne des qualités de précurseur de Gustave Serrurier, tant par son goût pour les lignes simples et les formes géométrisées que par la façon innovante dont il distribue les espaces et les volumes intérieurs. [less ▲]

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See detailStimulus-response curve of human motor nerves: multicenter assessment of various indexes.
Boerio, D.; Hogrel, J.-Y.; Lefaucheur, J.-P. et al

in Neurophysiologie Clinique = Clinical Neurophysiology (2008), 38(1), 31-8

The value of various indexes to characterize the stimulus-response curve of human motor nerves was assessed in 40 healthy subjects recruited from four European centers of investigation (Creteil, Lausanne ... [more ▼]

The value of various indexes to characterize the stimulus-response curve of human motor nerves was assessed in 40 healthy subjects recruited from four European centers of investigation (Creteil, Lausanne, Liege, Marseille). Stimulus-response curves were established by stimulating the right median and ulnar motor nerves at the wrist, with stimulus durations of 0.05 and 0.5 ms. The following parameters were studied: the threshold intensity of stimulation to obtain 10% (I 10), 50% (I 50), and 90% (I 90) of the maximal compound muscle action potential, the ratios I 10/I 50, I 90/I 50, (I 90 - I 10)/I 10, (I 90-I 50)/I 50, and (I 50 - I 10)/I 10, and the slopes of the stimulus-response curves with or without normalization to I 50. For each parameter, within-center variability and reproducibility (in a test-retest study) were assessed and between-center comparisons were made. For most of the parameters, the results varied significantly within and between the centers. Within the centers, only the ratios I 10/I 50 and I 90/I 50 were found constant and reproducible. Between the centers, the absolute intensity thresholds (I 10, I 50, I 90) and the ratio I 90/I 50 did not show significant differences at stimulus duration of 0.5 ms, whatever the stimulated nerve. The reduced variability and good reproducibility of the ratios I 10/I 50 and I 90/I 50 open perspectives in neurophysiological practice for the use of these indexes of the stimulus-response curve, a rapid and noninvasive test. [less ▲]

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See detailLesions cerebrales demyelinisantes decouvertes chez un patient immunocompetent VIH-1+.
Nkoghe, D.; Moutschen, Michel ULg; Demonty, Jean ULg

in Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses (2008), 38(9), 500-3

We report the case of a 32-year-old immunocompetent HIV patient, presenting with acute demyelinating leukoencephalopathy. The patient displayed clinical and radiological features similar to multiple ... [more ▼]

We report the case of a 32-year-old immunocompetent HIV patient, presenting with acute demyelinating leukoencephalopathy. The patient displayed clinical and radiological features similar to multiple sclerosis. Histology revealed inflammation with necrosis, demyelination and destruction of axons. Serum tests were negative for various infectious agents as well as specific cultures and PCR. Corticotherapy and many antibiotic treatments failed. Resorption of the lesions occurred after partial excision and highly-active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). No recurrence was noted. This demyelinating cerebral disease was considered as the primary manifestation of HIV infection. HIV implication in the genesis of the process and its perpetuating this condition was suspected, but the mechanism is unclear. Dysimmune consequences related to the early course of HIV infection could be prevented by antiretroviral treatment. This study was the first description of tritherapy effectiveness on HIV related multiple sclerosis (MS)-like illness. [less ▲]

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See detailSubgroup and resistance analyses of raltegravir for resistant HIV-1 infection.
Cooper, David A; Steigbigel, Roy T; Gatell, Jose M et al

in New England Journal of Medicine [=NEJM] (2008), 359(4), 355-65

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the efficacy of raltegravir and the development of viral resistance in two identical trials involving patients who were infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1 ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the efficacy of raltegravir and the development of viral resistance in two identical trials involving patients who were infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) with triple-class drug resistance and in whom antiretroviral therapy had failed. METHODS: We conducted subgroup analyses of the data from week 48 in both studies according to baseline prognostic factors. Genotyping of the integrase gene was performed in raltegravir recipients who had virologic failure. RESULTS: Virologic responses to raltegravir were consistently superior to responses to placebo, regardless of the baseline values of HIV-1 RNA level; CD4 cell count; genotypic or phenotypic sensitivity score; use or nonuse of darunavir, enfuvirtide, or both in optimized background therapy; or demographic characteristics. Among patients in the two studies combined who were using both enfuvirtide and darunavir for the first time, HIV-1 RNA levels of less than 50 copies per milliliter were achieved in 89% of raltegravir recipients and 68% of placebo recipients. HIV-1 RNA levels of less than 50 copies per milliliter were achieved in 69% and 80% of the raltegravir recipients and in 47% and 57% of the placebo recipients using either darunavir or enfuvirtide for the first time, respectively. At 48 weeks, 105 of the 462 raltegravir recipients (23%) had virologic failure. Genotyping was performed in 94 raltegravir recipients with virologic failure. Integrase mutations known to be associated with phenotypic resistance to raltegravir arose during treatment in 64 patients (68%). Forty-eight of these 64 patients (75%) had two or more resistance-associated mutations. CONCLUSIONS: When combined with an optimized background regimen in both studies, a consistently favorable treatment effect of raltegravir over placebo was shown in clinically relevant subgroups of patients, including those with baseline characteristics that typically predict a poor response to antiretroviral therapy: a high HIV-1 RNA level, low CD4 cell count, and low genotypic or phenotypic sensitivity score. (ClinicalTrials.gov numbers, NCT00293267 and NCT00293254.) [less ▲]

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See detailMobilité scolaire et composition sociale des écoles : le cas de l'enseignement fondamental en Communauté française de Belgique
Bouchat, Thérèse - Marie; Delvaux, Bernard; Hindryckx, Geneviève ULg

in Cahiers de Recherche en Education et Formation (2008), (62),

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See detailEspace local et choix du lieu de scolarisation dans l'enseignement fondamental : le cas de trois espaces locaux urbains en Communauté française de Belgique
Delvaux, Bernard; Bouchat, Thérèse - Marie; Hindryckx, Geneviève ULg

in Cahiers de Recherche en Education et Formation (2008), (64),

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See detailPhenotypic variability among patients with hyperornithinaemia-hyperammonaemia-homocitrullinuria syndrome homozygous for the delF188 mutation in SLC25A15
Debray, François-Guillaume ULg; Lambert, M.; Lemieux, M. et al

in Journal of Medical Genetics (2008), 45(11), 759-764

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See detailNovel causative mutations in patients with Nance-Horan syndrome and altered localization of the mutant NHS-A protein isoform
Shama, S.; Burdon, K. P.; Dave, A. et al

in Molecular Vision (2008), 14

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See detailReduced brain choline in homocystinuria due to remethylation defects
Debray, François-Guillaume ULg; Boulanger, Y.; Khiat, A. et al

in Neurology (2008), 71(1), 44-49

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See detailCobblestone-like brain dysgenesis and altered glycosylation in congenital cutis laxa. Debre type
Van Maldergem, Lionel ULg; Yuksel-Apak, M.; Kayserili, H. et al

in Neurology (2008), 71(20), 1602-1608

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