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See detailProduction of novel radiation-hardening binding agents
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Weikard, Jan; Greszta-Franz, Dorota et al

Patent (2005)

The invention relates to a method for producing novel binding agents comprising groups reacting with polymerising ethylenically unsaturated compounds under the action of actinic radiation and optionally ... [more ▼]

The invention relates to a method for producing novel binding agents comprising groups reacting with polymerising ethylenically unsaturated compounds under the action of actinic radiation and optionally also isocyanate-reactive groups. The invention also relates to the use of said binding agents in coating substances. [less ▲]

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See detailLow viscosity allophanates having actinically hardenable groups
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Weikard, Jan; Geszta-Franz, Dorota et al

Patent (2005)

The invention relates to low-viscosity conversion products of polyisocyanates containing activated groups that, under the influence of actinic radiation, react with ethylenically unsaturated compounds ... [more ▼]

The invention relates to low-viscosity conversion products of polyisocyanates containing activated groups that, under the influence of actinic radiation, react with ethylenically unsaturated compounds while polymerizing, to a method for producing these conversion products, and to their use in coating agents. [less ▲]

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See detailLow viscosity allophanates having actinically hardenable groups
Schmitz, Jörg; Mundstock, Holger; Fischer, Wolfgang et al

Patent (2005)

Die vorliegende Erfindung betrifft niedrigviskose Umsetzungsprodukte von Polyisocyanaten, die aktivierte unter Einwirkung aktinischer Strahlung mit ethylenisch ungesättigten Verbindungen unter ... [more ▼]

Die vorliegende Erfindung betrifft niedrigviskose Umsetzungsprodukte von Polyisocyanaten, die aktivierte unter Einwirkung aktinischer Strahlung mit ethylenisch ungesättigten Verbindungen unter Polymerisation reagierende Gruppen enthalten, ein Verfahren zu ihrer Herstellung sowie deren Verwendung in Beschichtungsmitteln. [less ▲]

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See detailProduction of novel radiation-hardening binding agents
Mundstock, Holger; Schmitz, Jörg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

Patent (2005)

The invention relates to a method for producing novel binding agents comprising groups reacting with polymerising ethylenically unsaturated compounds under the action of actinic radiation and optionally ... [more ▼]

The invention relates to a method for producing novel binding agents comprising groups reacting with polymerising ethylenically unsaturated compounds under the action of actinic radiation and optionally also isocyana te- reactive groups. The invention also relates to the use of said binding agent s in coating substances. [less ▲]

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See detailL'astronomie dans le monde
Manfroid, Jean ULg

in Ciel (Le) (2005), 67

Un noyau de galaxie orphelin, La Voie Lactée barrée, Millième pour SOHO, Spirit, Astéroïde 1998 SF36 Itokawa, Titan, Olivine dans Tempel 1, Explosion lointaine

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See detailMapping extreme-scale alignments of quasar polarization vectors
Hutsemekers, Damien ULg; Cabanac, R.; Lamy, H. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2005), 441

Based on a new sample of 355 quasars with significant optical polarization and using complementary statistical methods, we confirm that quasar polarization vectors are not randomly oriented over the sky ... [more ▼]

Based on a new sample of 355 quasars with significant optical polarization and using complementary statistical methods, we confirm that quasar polarization vectors are not randomly oriented over the sky with a probability often in excess of 99.9%. The polarization vectors appear coherently oriented or aligned over huge ( 1 Gpc) regions of the sky located at both low (z Ë 0.5) and high (z Ë 1.5) redshifts and characterized by different preferred directions of the quasar polarization. In fact, there seems to exist a regular alternance along the line of sight of regions of randomly and aligned polarization vectors with a typical comoving length scale of 1.5 Gpc. Furthermore, the mean polarization angle bartheta appears to rotate with redshift at the rate of 30° per Gpc. The symmetry of the the bartheta -z relation is mirror-like, the mean polarization angle rotating clockwise with increasing redshift in North Galactic hemisphere and counter-clockwise in the South Galactic one. These characteristics make the alignment effect difficult to explain in terms of local mechanisms, namely a contamination by interstellar polarization in our Galaxy. While interpretations like a global rotation of the Universe can potentially explain the effect, the properties we observe qualitatively correspond to the dichroism and birefringence predicted by photon-pseudoscalar oscillation within a magnetic field. Interestingly, the alignment effect seems to be prominent along an axis not far from preferred directions tentatively identified in the Cosmic Microwave Background maps. Although many questions and more particularly the interpretation of the effect remain open, alignments of quasar polarization vectors appear as a promising new way to probe the Universe and its dark components at extremely large scales. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst evidence for a resolved structure in the inner Vega system
Absil, Olivier ULg

Poster (2005, October 01)

We report on infrared interferometric observations of Vega obtained in May and June 2005 with the FLUOR instrument installed on the CHARA interferometer. The combination of short and long baselines has ... [more ▼]

We report on infrared interferometric observations of Vega obtained in May and June 2005 with the FLUOR instrument installed on the CHARA interferometer. The combination of short and long baselines has allowed us to study the brightness distribution of the stellar photosphere, and to detect a spatial component which is over-resolved at our lowest resolution (~15 milli-arcseconds). This would be attributed to structure much larger than Vega, but within the CHARA/FLUOR field-of-view (about 1 arcsecond in radius, i.e., 8 AU around Vega). The contrast between the resolved flux and the central star is only slightly above the 1% level in K band. This emission could be interpreted as the first direct detection of thermal and/or scattered light emanating from the innermost part of the Vega debris disk, which is thought to be continuously replenished by asteroid collisions and/or comet evaporation. The possibility of a close stellar or sub-stellar companion is also investigated. [less ▲]

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See detailPhotometric monitoring of the doubly imaged quasar UM 673: possible evidence for chromatic microlensing
Nakos, Theodoros; Courbin, F.; Poels, Joël ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2005), 441

We present the results of two-band CCD photometric monitoring of the gravitationally lensed quasar Q 0142-100 (UM 673). The data, obtained at ESO-La Silla with the 1.54 m Danish telescope in the Gunn i ... [more ▼]

We present the results of two-band CCD photometric monitoring of the gravitationally lensed quasar Q 0142-100 (UM 673). The data, obtained at ESO-La Silla with the 1.54 m Danish telescope in the Gunn i-band (October 1998-September 1999) and in the Johnson V-band (October 1998 to December 2001), were analyzed using three different photometric methods. The light-curves obtained with all methods show variations, with a peak-to-peak amplitude of 0.14 mag in V. Although it was not possible to measure the time delay between the two lensed QSO images, the brighter component displays possible evidence for microlensing: it becomes bluer as it gets brighter, as expected under the assumption of differential magnification of a quasar accretion disk. [less ▲]

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See detailEntropy-based knowledge spreading and application to mobility prediction
François, Jean-Marc; Leduc, Guy ULg

in ACM International conference on Emerging Network Experiments and Technologies (2005, October)

The low quality of service provided by wireless networks does not facilitate the setup of long-awaited services, such as video conversations. In a cellular network, handoffs are an important cause of ... [more ▼]

The low quality of service provided by wireless networks does not facilitate the setup of long-awaited services, such as video conversations. In a cellular network, handoffs are an important cause of packet losses and delay jitter. These problems can be mitigated if proactive measures are taken. This requires each cell to guess the next handoff of each mobile terminal, a problem known as mobility prediction. This prediction can occur thanks to some clues (such as signal strength measurements) giving information about the terminals motion. For example, a clue that locates on which road a mobile is moving is likely to be interesting for all the prediction-enabled cells along that road ---and should therefore be sent to them. This paper proposes a new method aimed at selecting the most relevant clues and finding where to propagate those clues so as to optimize mobility predictions. The pertinence of a clue is measured using information theory and by means of decision trees. This pertinence estimation is exchanged between the cells and allows to build a"relevance map" that helps determine where clues should be sent. It is adapted to the characteristics of wireless terminals such as low bandwidth and processing power. [less ▲]

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See detailLes Vagabondages de Biliki
Habrand, Tanguy ULg

Article for general public (2005)

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See detailApplications of an interior point method based optimal power flow
Capitanescu, Florin ULg; Glavic, Mevludin; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in CEE 05 conference (2005, October)

This paper tackles the complex problem of an Optimal Power Flow (OPF) by the Interior Point Method (IPM). Two interior point algorithms are presented and compared, namely the pure primal-dual and the ... [more ▼]

This paper tackles the complex problem of an Optimal Power Flow (OPF) by the Interior Point Method (IPM). Two interior point algorithms are presented and compared, namely the pure primal-dual and the predictor-corrector respectively. Among various OPF objectives, emphasis is put on two classical ones: the maximization of power system loadability and the minimization of the amount of load curtailment. Illustrative examples on three test systems of 60, 118 and 300 buses are provided. [less ▲]

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See detailExperience with the multiple centrality corrections interior point algorithm for optimal power flow
Capitanescu, Florin ULg; Glavic, Mevludin; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in CEE 05 conference (2005, October)

This paper analyzes the ability of the Multiple Centrality Corrections (MCC) interior point algorithm to solve various classical optimal power flow (OPF) variants, namely: the minimization of generation ... [more ▼]

This paper analyzes the ability of the Multiple Centrality Corrections (MCC) interior point algorithm to solve various classical optimal power flow (OPF) variants, namely: the minimization of generation cost, the minimization of active power losses, the maximization of power system loadability and the minimization of the amount of load curtailment. The performances of the MCC approach are assessed with respect to the predictor-corrector algorithm, which is widely recognized as the best interior point method based optimizer to date. Illustrative examples on three test systems up to 300 buses are provided. [less ▲]

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See detailCoping with cold: The genome of the versatile marine Antarctica bacterium Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis TAC125
Medigue, C.; Krin, E.; Pascal, G. et al

in Genome Research (2005), 15(10), 1325-1335

A considerable fraction of life develops in the sea at temperatures lower than 15 degrees C. Little is known about the adaptive features selected under those conditions. We present the analysis of the ... [more ▼]

A considerable fraction of life develops in the sea at temperatures lower than 15 degrees C. Little is known about the adaptive features selected under those conditions. We present the analysis of the genome Sequence of the fast growing Antarctica bacterium Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis TAC125. We find that it copes with the increased Solubility of oxygen at low temperature by multiplying dioxygen scavenging while deleting whole pathways producing reactive oxygen species. Dioxygen-consuming lipid desaturases achieve both protection against oxygen and synthesis of lipids making the membrane fluid. A remarkable strategy for avoidance of reactive oxygen species generation is developed by A haloplanktis, with elimination of the ubiquitous molybdopterin-dependent metabolism. The A haloplanktis proteome reveals a concerted amino acid usage bias specific to psychrophiles, consistently appearing apt to accommodate asparagine, a residue prone to make proteins age. Adding to its originality, A haloplanktis further differs from its marine Counterparts with recruitment of a plasmid origin of replication for its second chromosome. [less ▲]

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See detailFemoral access management: comparison between two different vascular closure devices after percutaneous coronary intervention
Legrand, Victor ULg; Doneux, Pierre ULg; Martinez, Christophe ULg et al

in Acta Cardiologica (2005), 60(5), 482-488

Objectives - Several devices have been proposed as an alternative to manual compression (MC) for femoral access management (FAME) following catheterization. Although these devices allow earlier ambulation ... [more ▼]

Objectives - Several devices have been proposed as an alternative to manual compression (MC) for femoral access management (FAME) following catheterization. Although these devices allow earlier ambulation, they have not always been shown to reduce vascular complications. As a consequence, their cost efficacy is not obvious. Methods - During MC a special catheter deployed temporarily within the artery to achieve haemostasis (Bio-DISC (TM)) (BD) was compared with an anchor-collagen based system Angio-Seal (TM) (AS) among 463 consecutive patients undergoing PCI.We examined vascular or systemic complications, nursing time spent to puncture site management and patient's satisfaction. Results - Relative contra-indications to the use of vascular closure devices were encountered in 158 patients. There were no significant differences in baseline characteristics between the patients assigned to each of the 3 treatment groups. The deployment success rate was 98% for AS and 90% for BD (p = 0.037).Vascular complications occurred in 10.8%, 4.0% and 5.8% (p: NS) of MC, AS and BD patients, respectively. The longer sheath dwell time contributed to most of the complications in MC and BD. Nursing time spent for access management was 48.9 min in MC; 28.1 min in BD and 9.9 min in AS (p < 0.0001). Satisfaction score above 70 was noted in 46%, 86% and 92% of patients managed by MC, BD and AS, respectively. Conclusion - AS use is associated with fewer complications, improved patient well being and saves 39 minutes of nursing time. The additional cost of AS is justified when used in selected patients undergoing PCI. [less ▲]

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See detailOutlook of non operated type B aortic dissection with special reference to the incidence of degenerative abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). One center study
Quaniers, Janine ULg; CREEMERS, Etienne ULg; Limet, Raymond ULg

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (2005), 105(5), 487-490

Objectives : to determine the value of pharmacological treatment of type B aortic dissection (B AD) in face of new forms of treatment. Design : this is a retrospective study of the period from 1990 to ... [more ▼]

Objectives : to determine the value of pharmacological treatment of type B aortic dissection (B AD) in face of new forms of treatment. Design : this is a retrospective study of the period from 1990 to 2000. Files of 81 patients have been reviewed and completed by questionnaires. Results Two B AD died after admission without any treatment, 10 were operated on with 7 discharged alive (group 1) 69 received hypotensive agents and beta-blockers, 65 were discharged alive (group 11). Late mortality of the group I is 3/7, not related with B AD. Late mortality after mean follow-up of 56.8 months is 27/65 with 4/27 related to B AD (4 ruptures, 2 operated on). Non fatal secondary surgery amounts 5 in 4 patients. Total B AD aortic events comprise 8/65 patients. Type A AD were operated on successfully (8 : 4 before B AD, and 4 after B AD). Degenerative abdominal aortic aneurysms were present, operated (9) or not (3), in the history of patients and 3 more appear subsequently. At 10 years, actuarial survival is 40% +/- 18. Conclusion : in non-complicated cases of B AD, medical treatment is a reasonable choice, provided that a strict follow-up of the thoracic abdominal aorta is performed. [less ▲]

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See detailModulation of the renal response to ACE inhibition by ACE insertion/deletion polymorphism during hyperglycemia in normotensive, normoalbuminuric type 1 diabetic patients
Weekers, Laurent ULg; Bouhanick, B.; Hadjadj, S. et al

in Diabetes (2005), 54(10), 2961-2967

ACE inhibition protects kidney function, but ACE insertion/ deletion (LID) polymorphism affects renal prognosis in type 1 diabetic patients'. ACE genotype may influence the renal benefits of ACE ... [more ▼]

ACE inhibition protects kidney function, but ACE insertion/ deletion (LID) polymorphism affects renal prognosis in type 1 diabetic patients'. ACE genotype may influence the renal benefits of ACE inhibition. We studied the impact of ACE 1/D polymorphism on the renal hemodynamic changes induced by ACE inhibition in type 1 diabetes. We studied renal hemodynamics (glomerular filtration rate [GFR], effective renal plasma flow [ERPF], filtration fraction [GFR/ERPF], mean arterial pressure [MAP], and total renal resistances [MAP/ ERPF]) repeatedly during normoglycemia, and then hyperglycemia in 12 normotensive, normoalbuminuric type 1 diabetes and the 11 genotype (associated with nephrorotection) versus 22 age- and sex-matched subjects with the ACE D allele after three randomly allocated 2- to 6-week periods on placebo, 1.25 mg/day ramipril, and 5.mg/day ramipril in A double-blind, cross-over study. During normoglycemia, the hemodynamic changes induced by ramipril were similar in both genotypes. During hyperglycemia, the changes induced by ramipril were accentuated in the 11 genotype group and attenuated dose dependently in the D allele group (treatment-genotype interaction P values for ERPF, 0.018; MAP 0.018; and total renal resistances, 0.0.55). These results provide a basis to. different renal responses to ACE inbibition according to ACE genotype in type 1 diabetes. [less ▲]

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See detailThe usual causes of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction below the aortic valve in normal ventriculoarterial connection: Review of the physiopathology and surgical implications
RADERMECKER, Marc ULg; CANIVET, Jean-Luc ULg; LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (2005), 105(5), 475-481

Subaortic narrowing leading to left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) is a significant pathology that may be encountered pre- or postoperatively in both acquired or congenital cardiac disease ... [more ▼]

Subaortic narrowing leading to left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) is a significant pathology that may be encountered pre- or postoperatively in both acquired or congenital cardiac disease. Through a review of the morphological features and mechanisms in the different clinical situations, the anatomic, dynamic and mixed forms of subaortic obstruction are emphasized. Knowledge of the substrate of LVOTO, its physiopathology and natural history allows to plan accordingly the surgical repair and the postoperative management. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of bovine and human cellular prion protein expressed in the central nervous system and in lymphoid organs.
Defaweux, Valérie ULg; Stramiello, Sara; Capellari, Sabina et al

Poster (2005, October)

Prion cell tropism varies significantly among animal species, depending on both the agent strain and host-specific factors. For example, prions show high lymphotropism in scrapie infected sheep and vCJD ... [more ▼]

Prion cell tropism varies significantly among animal species, depending on both the agent strain and host-specific factors. For example, prions show high lymphotropism in scrapie infected sheep and vCJD, but little, if any, in sCJD or BSE. In particular, the BSE strain is associate with significant PrP-res accumulation in tonsils, spleen and appendix in humans, whereas, it is largely confined to the nervous system in infected cattle. So, it appears that, at least in the case of BSE and vCJD, host properties can influence the accumulation of the infectious agent in lymphoid organs. Given that the normal cellular prion protein (PrPC), is sine qua non for PrP-res formation and the development of TSE, it appears reasonable to hypothesize that tissue-specific PrPC properties may represent one of the host factors influencing the cell tropism of the infectious agent in human or bovine. We applied a western blot analyses to compare the relative percentage of the di-, mono- and unglycosylated PrPC (the so called glycoform ratio) as well as the expression of truncated PrPC forms in tissues from the central nervous system and lymphoid structures (lymphoid follicles, lymphocytes and follicular dendritic cells) of both bovine and human. We found that PrPC glycoform ratio is significantly different between cerebellum and medulla in both bovine and human. Moreover, the expression of truncated forms of PrPC (i.e. 21 and 18 kDa PrPC) was also significantly heterogenous according to the brain region investigated. PrPC was highly glycosylated in spleen and lymphoid follicles isolated from bovine tonsils, mesenteric lymph nodes, ileal and jejunal Peyer’s patches. After deglycosylation, a novel PrPC truncated form with a relative molecular mass of about 25 kDa was detected in bovine lymphoid organs beside the typical 18 and 21 kDa forms. No difference in WB PrPC profile was seen in human lymphocytes extracted either from spleen or tonsil. Our results highlight variation in the profile expression of PrPC in peripheral and central tissues of bovine and human. Such differences may have an implication for PrPC function or may represent critical factors influencing the accumulation of the infectious agent in these areas. Supported by the EU contract QLG3-CT-2002-81030. [less ▲]

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See detailThe massive binary CPD-41 degrees 7742 - II. Optical light curve and X-ray observations
Sana, H.; Antokhina, E.; Royer, P. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2005), 441(1), 213-229

In the first paper of this series, we presented a detailed high-resolution spectroscopic study of CPD - 41 degrees 7742, deriving for the first time an orbital solution for both components of the system ... [more ▼]

In the first paper of this series, we presented a detailed high-resolution spectroscopic study of CPD - 41 degrees 7742, deriving for the first time an orbital solution for both components of the system. In this second paper, we focus on the analysis of the optical light curve and on recent XMM-Newton X-ray observations. In the optical, the system presents two eclipses, yielding an inclination i similar to 77 degrees. Combining the constraints from the photometry with the results of our previous work, we derive the absolute parameters of the system. We confirm that the two components of CPD- 41 degrees 7742 are main sequence stars (O9 V+ B1 - 1.5 V) with masses (M-1 similar to 18 M-. and M-2 similar to 10 M-.) and respective radii (R-1 similar to 7.5 R-. and R-2 similar to 5.4 R-.) close to the typical values expected for such stars. We also report an unprecedented set of X-ray observations that almost uniformly cover the 2.44-day orbital cycle. The X-ray emission from CPD-41 degrees 7742 is well described by a two-temperature thermal plasma model with energies close to 0.6 and 1.0 keV, thus slightly harder than typical early-type emission. The X-ray light curve shows clear signs of variability. The emission level is higher when the primary is in front of the secondary. During the high emission state, the system shows a drop of its X-ray emission that almost exactly matches the optical eclipse. We interpret the main features of the X-ray light curve as the signature of a wind-photosphere interaction, in which the overwhelming primary O9 star wind crashes into the secondary surface. Alternatively the light curve could result from a wind-wind interaction zone located near the secondary star surface. As a support to our interpretation, we provide a phenomenological geometric model that qualitatively reproduces the observed modulations of the X-ray emission. [less ▲]

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See detailSupervised learning based sequential decision making
Ernst, Damien ULg

Speech/Talk (2005)

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