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See detailGérer la qualité des évaluations des acquis des grands groupes d'étudiants à l'aide d'un Système Méthodologique d'Aide à la Réalisation de Tests (SMART)
Gilles, Jean-Luc ULg

in Arzola Medina, Sergio (Ed.) XIV congreso mundial de ciencias de la educacion : educatores para una nueva cultura (2004)

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See detailQuel traitement pour les vascularites ANCA-positives ?
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Bataille, Yoann ULg; Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

in Médecine et Hygiène (2004), 62

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See detailEstimation of renal function in anorexia nervosa
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Radermecker, Régis ULg; Saint-Remy, Annie ULg et al

in Kidney International (2004)

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See detailEstimation du débit de filtration glomérulaire chez le patient obèse.
Rorive, Marcelle ULg; Saint-Remy, Annie ULg; Delanaye, Pierre ULg et al

in Néphrologie (2004), 24(5), 28

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See detailTraduire les points et les virgules
Pagnoulle, Christine ULg

in Ballard, Michel; Hewson, Lance (Eds.) Correct/Incorrect (2004)

This paper, written in French, illustrates translators' possible interferences with the emotional tonality or indeed the meaning of a text, noting that such intervention is sometimes necessary for the ... [more ▼]

This paper, written in French, illustrates translators' possible interferences with the emotional tonality or indeed the meaning of a text, noting that such intervention is sometimes necessary for the text to make sense. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of the capillary temperature and the source pressure on the internal energy distribution of electrosprayed ions
Gabelica, Valérie ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg; Karas, Michael

in International Journal of Mass Spectrometry (2004), 231(2-3), 189-195

The internal energy distributions in a heated capillary nano-electrospray source have been determined using the "survival yield" method. At low capillary temperatures, the internal energy distribution is ... [more ▼]

The internal energy distributions in a heated capillary nano-electrospray source have been determined using the "survival yield" method. At low capillary temperatures, the internal energy distribution is characterized by a low-energy tail, which can be attributed to a fraction of ions not fully desolvated in the heated capillary. This low-energy tais is shown to disappear when the source pressure is increased. This explains why increased source pressure is favorable in the case of highly hydrophilic compounds or non-covalent complexes in order to achieve sufficient desolvation without fragmentation. It is also shown that "high temperature-low voltage" are not equivalent to "low temperature-high voltage" source conditions. These observations are important for fundamental issues as well as for source-CID mass spectral library searching applications. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of non-covalent interactions between paramagnetic complexes and human serum albumin by electrospray mass spectrometry
Henrotte, Virginie; Laurent, Sophie ULg; Gabelica, Valérie ULg et al

in Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry : RCM (2004), 18(17), 1919-1924

Stable gadolinium(III) chelates are nowadays routinely used as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Their non-covalent binding to human serum albumin (HSA) has shown to improve their ... [more ▼]

Stable gadolinium(III) chelates are nowadays routinely used as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Their non-covalent binding to human serum albumin (HSA) has shown to improve their efficacy. Non-covalent interactions lead to complex formation that can be quantified by several techniques that are mostly tedious and time-consuming. In this study, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) was used to investigate the interaction between HSA and several gadolinium(III) complexes. The results were compared with those obtained in the liquid phase. Four gadolinium complexes were investigated: Gd-DTPA 1, Gd-C4Me-DTPA 2, Gd-EOB-DTPA 3, and MP-2269 4. Relaxometry studies show that complexes 1 and 2 have no significant affinity for HSA, while complexes 3 and 4 have increasing affinities for the protein. 1:1 and 1:2 complexes between HSA and MP-2269 were detected by ESI-MS for a twofold excess of the contrast agent, whereas a ligand/protein molar ratio of 4:1 was necessary to observe a 1:1 stoichiometry for Gd-EOB-DTPA, an observation that is in good agreement with the known weaker affinity of the contrast agent for the protein. At a fourfold molar excess, no supramolecular complex was observed for Gd-DTPA I and Gd-C4Me-DTPA 2; a tenfold molar excess was necessary to detect a 1:1 complex, confirming the very weak affinity of these contrast agents for HSA. [less ▲]

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See detailSerum selenium in lymphoma.
Beguin, Yves ULg; Weber, Georges ULg

in Journal of Clinical Oncology (2004), 22(16), 34293430

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See detailBacteremia after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: incidence and predictive value of surveillance cultures.
Frere, Pascale ULg; Hermanne, J.-P.; Debouge, M.-H. et al

in Bone Marrow Transplantation (2004), 33(7), 745-9

We studied 622 transplants undertaken between 1982 and 2001 to: (1) determine the incidence, timing and etiology of bacteremias, and (2) examine the ability of routine surveillance cultures to predict ... [more ▼]

We studied 622 transplants undertaken between 1982 and 2001 to: (1) determine the incidence, timing and etiology of bacteremias, and (2) examine the ability of routine surveillance cultures to predict bacteremias. A total of 404 episodes (0.65 episode per patient) occurred in 248 patients, due to coagulase-negative staphylococci (n=171, 42%), Gram-negative bacteria (n=129, 32%), streptococci (n=48, 12%), other Gram-positive bacteria (n=33, 8%), anaerobes (n=9, 2%) and fungi (n=14, 3%). Bacteremias were more frequent in allogeneic (0.96 episode/patient) compared to autologous (0.44) transplants (P<0.0001). The overall incidence decreased from 0.92 episode/patient until 1990 to 0.66 in 1991-1996 and 0.55 in 1997-2001 (P<0.0001), but this was only observed in autologous transplants. Among them, 212 (53%) occurred before hospital discharge and 192 (47%) thereafter. This proportion was lower for coagulase-negative staphylococci, other Gram-positive bacteria and Gram-negative bacteria compared to other agents (P=0.001). In 50% of the cases, the agent responsible for the bacteremic episode was present in routine surveillance cultures previously. In conclusion: (1) bacteremias remain a frequent complication, particularly in allogeneic transplantation, even long after hospital discharge; (2) routine surveillance cultures can predict bacteremias in 50% of the cases, but the practical impact of this observation is limited in view of the costs. [less ▲]

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See detailMise en évidence des zones touchées par la désertification par télédétection a basse résolution au Niger
Hountondji, Yvon ULg; Ozer, Pierre ULg; Nicolas, Jacques ULg

in Cybergeo : Revue Européenne de Géographie = Cybergeo - European Journal of Geography (2004)

In order to identify areas where desertification may have occurred over the last two decades, 109 stations located in three bioclimatic zones of Niger are analyzed. Time series of remote sensing data are ... [more ▼]

In order to identify areas where desertification may have occurred over the last two decades, 109 stations located in three bioclimatic zones of Niger are analyzed. Time series of remote sensing data are well suited to this task. Here, we use time series of NOAA AVHRR normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data and rainfall data. In this study, trend analysis is used to identify areas within the biomes from 1981 to 1999 in Niger with apparent land degradation in semi-arid areas. It appears that most of Niger (98%) recorded increasing rainfall while only 76% experienced increasing maximum NDVI. However, the combination of the two variables through the ratio shows a widespread reduction of the rain-use efficiency with non significant trend for the stations located in northern Sahel (p=0.52), highly significant for those located in central Sahel (p=0.00009) and significant in southern Sahel (p=0.041). Overall, 75.3% of the sample recorded a significant reduction of the NDVIMax/RR ratio. Only one station out of four (24.7%) presented a stability of the ratio. These negative trends suggest a progressive diminution of the vegetation productivity as highlighted by the lowering of the NDVIMax/RR ratio. This situation suggest a consistently environmental degradation and that desertification processes continued during the last two decades over most of the Sahelian belt of Niger. [less ▲]

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See detailPoly(A) RNA is reduced by half during bovine oocyte maturation but increases when meiotic arrest is maintained with CDK inhibitors.
Lequarré, Anne-Sophie ULg; Traverso, Juan M; Marchandise, Joelle et al

in Biology of Reproduction (2004), 71(2), 425-31

Variations in the amount of different RNA species were investigated during in vitro maturation of bovine oocytes. Total RNA content was estimated to be 2 ng before meiosis, and after meiosis resumption ... [more ▼]

Variations in the amount of different RNA species were investigated during in vitro maturation of bovine oocytes. Total RNA content was estimated to be 2 ng before meiosis, and after meiosis resumption, no decrease was observed. Ribosomal RNA did not appear to be degraded either, whereas poly(A) RNA was reduced by half after meiosis resumption, from 53 pg to 25 pg per oocyte. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed on growth and differentiation factor-9 (GDF-9), on cyclin B1, and on two genes implicated in the resistance to oxidative stress, glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase (G6PD) and peroxiredoxin-6 (PRDX6). When these transcripts were reverse-transcribed with hexamers, the amplification results were not different before or after in vitro maturation. But when reverse transcription was performed with oligo(dT), amplification was dramatically reduced after maturation, except for cyclin B1 mRNA, implying deadenylation without degradation of three transcripts. Although calf oocytes have a lower developmental competence, their poly(A) RNA contents were not different from that of cow oocytes, nor were they differently affected during maturation. When bovine oocytes were maintained in vitro under meiotic arrest with CDK inhibitors, their poly(A) RNA amount increased, but this rise did not change the poly(A) RNA level once maturation was achieved. The increase could not be observed under transcription inhibition and, when impeding transcription and adenylation, the poly(A) RNA decreased to a level normally observed after maturation, in spite of the maintenance of meiotic arrest. These results demonstrate the importance of adenylation and deadenylation processes during in vitro maturation of bovine oocytes. [less ▲]

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See detailDéveloppement morphosyntaxique des enfants ayant des troubles de développement du langage : des données francophones.
Parisse, Christophe; Maillart, Christelle ULg

in Enfance : Psychologie, Pédagogie, Neuropsychiatrie, Sociologie (2004), 56

Children’s morphosyntactic disorders have been studied extensively over the past few years, but mostly in English-speaking children. Recent data on French-speaking children are presented in the current ... [more ▼]

Children’s morphosyntactic disorders have been studied extensively over the past few years, but mostly in English-speaking children. Recent data on French-speaking children are presented in the current article. There are three key-periods in morphological development : (1) language emergence ; (2) beginning of morphosyntax ; (3) later development. Different morphosyntactic features correspond to each of these periods in the language production of SLI children. The difference between language delay and language disorder is difficult to tease apart in young children. However, as children grow older, it becomes possible to identify characteristics that are specific to children with language disorders and others that are specific to French-speaking SLI children. [less ▲]

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See detailPhonological representations of children with SLI : a study of French.
Maillart, Christelle ULg; Schelstraete, Marie-Anne; Hupet, Michel

in Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing research (2004), 47

The present research examined the quality of the phonological representations of French children with specific language impairment (SLI) and those with normal language development (NLD). Twenty-five ... [more ▼]

The present research examined the quality of the phonological representations of French children with specific language impairment (SLI) and those with normal language development (NLD). Twenty-five children with SLI and fifty normally developing children matched on lexical age level participated in an auditory lexical decision task. The observations gathered in our study can be summarized as follows. First, children with a higher receptive lexical level performed better, and this was true both for children with NLD and children with SLI. Second, both children with NLD and SLI were more likely to reject pseudo-words resulting from a modification affecting the number of syllables of a word than pseudo-words resulting from a slight modification with the number of syllables unchanged. This difference, however, was greater for the children with SLI who appeared to have much difficulty rejecting pseudo-words resulting from slight modifications. Finally, the performance of children with SLI was particularly poor when presented with pseudowords resulting from a slight modification at the beginning or the end of a word. These findings are interpreted as supporting the hypothesis of an underspecification of phonological representations in children with SLI. [less ▲]

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See detailMagnetic and electronic ground states of B-site-substituted LaMnO3: from antiferromagnetism to ferromagnetism
Vertruyen, Bénédicte ULg; Flahaut, Delphine; Hebert, Sylvie et al

in Journal of Magnetism & Magnetic Materials (2004), 280(1), 75-83

We report about the physical properties of samples obtained by different substitutions on the Mn site of LaMnO3: LaMn0.85Ni0.15O3, LaMn0.85Ga0.15O3 and LaMn0.5Ga0.5O3. It is well known that the ... [more ▼]

We report about the physical properties of samples obtained by different substitutions on the Mn site of LaMnO3: LaMn0.85Ni0.15O3, LaMn0.85Ga0.15O3 and LaMn0.5Ga0.5O3. It is well known that the antiferromagnetic orbitally ordered ground state of LaMnO3 is easily destroyed to give way to ferromagnetism. However, this ferromagnetic behaviour can result from several mechanisms: depending on the nature of the substituting cation and on the substitution level, the physical properties derived from a complex interplay between exchange interactions, orbital ordering and Jahn-Teller distortion. As a result, there are noticeable differences between the physical properties of the different samples, even though all three samples display a ferromagnetic component in zero applied magnetic field. In this paper we compare the crystallographic, electrical and magnetic properties of these samples, with a special attention for the AC susceptibility behaviour. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat Has Private International Private Law Achieved in Meeting the Challenges Posed by Globalisation?
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in Slot, Piet-Jan (Ed.) Globalization and Jurisdiction (2004)

The issue of jurisdiction certainly constitutes one of the main challenges of what is commonly called globalisation, i.e. the rapid internationalisation of economic (and, to a somewhat lesser extent, of ... [more ▼]

The issue of jurisdiction certainly constitutes one of the main challenges of what is commonly called globalisation, i.e. the rapid internationalisation of economic (and, to a somewhat lesser extent, of other) activities. Since legal regulation of these human activities is still largely state-based with the notable exception of the European Union, whose existence and the large body of rules it produces, also raises questions of jurisdiction rules on jurisdiction are necessary to define which part of these activities can be subject to regulation by a given State. This paper aims to examine what private international law has achieved to answer the question of jurisdiction. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative study of coach-athlete interactions in mixed traditional Japanese martial art, female amateur track and field, and male professional basketball
Lenzen, Benoît; Brouwers, Michael; Dejardin, Robert et al

in International Journal of Sport Psychology (2004), 35(1, JAN-MAR), 77-90

This study compared the interactions of coaches and athletes in three highly different contexts. Coaches and athletes' strategies were explored through observation and qualitative interviews, then ... [more ▼]

This study compared the interactions of coaches and athletes in three highly different contexts. Coaches and athletes' strategies were explored through observation and qualitative interviews, then processed regarding what was at stake in their interactions and the resources they respectively possessed. Qualitative data analysis showed that strategies respectively adopted by coaches and athletes in the three contexts were similar to the collective activity labelled "tacit cooperation" in organizational psychology. Financial, political and symbolic stakes were proposed as argument explaining these similarities. [less ▲]

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See detailLa faillite d'entreprise, champ d'application privilégié des méthodes quantitatives en gestion
Van Caillie, Didier ULg

in Bair, Jacques (Ed.) Regards croisés sur les méthodes quantitatives en gestion (2004)

This chapter proposes a state-of-the art of the use of quantitative techniques in the field of Business Failure. It focuses especially on the use of these techniques to predict and avoid business failure.

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