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See detailA prominent role for amygdaloid complexes in the Variability in Heart Rate (VHR) during Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep relative to wakefulness.
Desseilles, Martin ULg; Dang Vu, Thien Thanh ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg et al

in NeuroImage (2006), 32(3), 1008-1015

Rapid eye movement sleep (REMS) is associated with intense neuronal activity, rapid eye movements, muscular atonia and dreaming. Another important feature in REMS is the instability in autonomic ... [more ▼]

Rapid eye movement sleep (REMS) is associated with intense neuronal activity, rapid eye movements, muscular atonia and dreaming. Another important feature in REMS is the instability in autonomic, especially in cardiovascular regulation. The neural mechanisms underpinning the variability in heart rate (VHR) during REMS are not known in detail, especially in humans. During wakefulness, the right insula has frequently been reported as involved in cardiovascular regulation but this might not be the case during REMS. We aimed at characterizing the neural correlates of VHR during REMS as compared to wakefulness and to slow wave sleep (SWS), the other main component of human sleep, in normal young adults, based on the statistical analysis of a set of (H2O)-O-15 positron emission tomography (PET) sleep data acquired during SWS, REMS and wakefulness. The results showed that VHR correlated more tightly during REMS than during wakefulness with the rCBF in the right amygdaloid complex. Moreover, we assessed whether functional relationships between amygdala and any brain area changed depending the state of vigilance. Only the activity within in the insula was found to covary with the amygdala, significantly more tightly during wakefulness than during REMS in relation to the VHR. The functional connectivity between the amygdala and the insular cortex, two brain areas involved in cardiovascular regulation, differs significantly in REMS as compared to wakefulness. This suggests a functional reorganization of central cardiovascular regulation during REMS. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailCerebral Monitoring Devices: What We Pay For
BONHOMME, Vincent ULg; Hans, Pol ULg

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica (2006), 57(4), 419-28

view paper, the authors analyse advantages, pitfalls and economical considerations related to depth of anaesthesia monitoring. They first describe the most widely distributed monitors in Europe, and the ... [more ▼]

view paper, the authors analyse advantages, pitfalls and economical considerations related to depth of anaesthesia monitoring. They first describe the most widely distributed monitors in Europe, and the physiological basis of each index. The optimal use of those monitors and their demonstrated clinical benefits are detailed, as well as the circumstances that can lead to erroneous information or interpretation. Knowledge of patients and practitioners, as well as beliefs and expectations regarding depth of anaesthesia monitoring are discussed. Finally, the authors give their own opinion regarding the use of depth of anaesthesia monitoring, according to clinical benefit and economical considerations. [less ▲]

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See detailSome comments on the Parametric Fire Model of Eurocode 1
Reitgrüber, Stefan; Pérez-Jimenez, Christian; Di Blasi, Colomba et al

Conference (2006)

In this paper, the modifications that have been recently introduced in the parametric fire model of Eurocode 1 are presented. The reasons behind these modifications are given. Some Problems that have been ... [more ▼]

In this paper, the modifications that have been recently introduced in the parametric fire model of Eurocode 1 are presented. The reasons behind these modifications are given. Some Problems that have been discovered in the present formulation are highlighted, namely the fact that the model is not continuous and the fact that the heat release of wood that has been used for the calibration of the model is not consistent anymore with the value that is now recommended in the Eurocode. A proposal is made that makes the model continuous. A new calibration of this modified model has been made on the base of the now recommended value of the heat release of wood with comparison to the results of some 50 full scale experimental fire tests. [less ▲]

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See detailL'Hantavirose fait encore parler d'elle
Bourhaba, Maryam ULg; GIOT, Jean-Baptiste ULg; Tshialala, D. M. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(5-6, May-Jun), 322-8

We propose a review of history, aetiology, physiopathology, clinical features, treatment and prevention of nephropathia epidemica (NE) which represents the only form of Hantavirus infection in Belgium.

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See detailNyungwea, a new genus of lichen with goniocyst-producing stipes from Rwanda and Uganda (East Africa)
Sérusiaux, Emmanuel ULg; Fischer, E.; Killmann, D.

in Lichenologist (2006), 38(Part 2), 115-121

The new genus and species Nyungwea pallida is characterized by a thin thallus lichenized with Trentepohlia and pale stipes producing goniocysts. Its taxonomic position is uncertain. It is named after the ... [more ▼]

The new genus and species Nyungwea pallida is characterized by a thin thallus lichenized with Trentepohlia and pale stipes producing goniocysts. Its taxonomic position is uncertain. It is named after the large pristine montane forest of Nyungwe in Rwanda (East Africa) where it was first found; it is also known from the Mabira forest in Uganda. [less ▲]

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See detailTratamento dos autores de delitos sexuais
Mormont, Christian ULg

in Fonseca, A. C.; Simoes, M. R.; Taborda Simoes, M. C. (Eds.) et al Psicologia forense (2006)

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See detailAlcoholisation of a hepatocarcinoma guided by echoendoscopy
Gast, Pierrette ULg; Delwaide, Jean ULg; Gillard, Vincent ULg et al

in Acta Endoscopica (2006), 36(1), 74

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See detailLes migrants ont-ils des manières particulières d’habiter ? L’exemple soninké
Razy, Elodie ULg

in Hommes & Migrations (2006), 1254

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See detailThe use of various gas chromatography and mass spectrometry techniques for human biomonitoring studies
Patterson, Donald G.; Welch, S. M.; Focant, Jean-François ULg et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2006), 68

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See detailPerturbations endocriniennes et polluants environnementaux
Charlier, Corinne ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006)

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See detailStrategy for DR-CALUX dioxin screening in feed under EC regulation
Scippo, Marie-Louise ULg; Rybertt, M. S.; Focant, Jean-François ULg et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2006), 68

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See detailApproche méthodologique pour la délimitation des espaces de liberté des rivières du massif ardennais
Snijders, Jean-Philippe; Hallot, Eric ULg; Houbrechts, Geoffrey ULg et al

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2006), 48

Dans les schémas départementaux d’aménagement et de gestion des cours d’eau (France), le concept d’espace de liberté des cours d’eau, introduit en 1991, attribue à la rivière un espace de mobilité propre ... [more ▼]

Dans les schémas départementaux d’aménagement et de gestion des cours d’eau (France), le concept d’espace de liberté des cours d’eau, introduit en 1991, attribue à la rivière un espace de mobilité propre, de manière à restaurer la dynamique naturelle d’érosion des berges. Une partie de la méthodologie proposée repose sur l’utilisation de documents cartographiques anciens en vue de déterminer les espaces de divagation historique des cours d’eau. Cette démarche a été appliquée à différentes rivières du massif ardennais (Ourthe, Amblève, Semois, Rulles). Les espaces de mobilité obtenus pour ces rivières étant assez réduits, il a été nécessaire de prendre en considération les erreurs liées à la correction géométrique et au géoréférencement des différents documents utilisés. L’utilisation des microscories, rejets de l’ancienne industrie du fer, en tant que marqueur stratigraphique, nous a permis de tester, sur plusieurs rivières, les vitesses d’érosion latérale obtenues par la méthode cartographique. En conclusion, la méthode cartographique entraîne une nette surestimation des vitesses d’érosion latérale et des espaces de mobilité des cours d’eau dans leur plaine alluviale. [less ▲]

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See detailRenforcement structurel de la capacité de gestion des ressources en eau pour l'agriculture dans le bassin du Kou (Burkina Faso): Rapport Technique 2 (2005-2006)
Wellens, Joost ULg; Tychon, Bernard ULg; Traore, Farid et al

Report (2006)

Le bassin du Kou, situé dans le sud-ouest du Burkina Faso, est depuis quelques décennies le théâtre de différentes formes de conflits liés à toute une série de problèmes que l’on rencontre généralement ... [more ▼]

Le bassin du Kou, situé dans le sud-ouest du Burkina Faso, est depuis quelques décennies le théâtre de différentes formes de conflits liés à toute une série de problèmes que l’on rencontre généralement dans des zones irriguées. Dans le bassin du Kou, les aménagements hydroagricoles recensés couvrent une superficie totale de près de 3.200 ha. Il s’agit pour l’essentiel de périmètres privés formant la ceinture maraîchère, horticole et fruitière de Bobo-Dioulasso et d’un grand périmètre de 1.200 ha réalisé par l’Etat à Bama et spécialisé dans la production du riz. Outre l’abondance en eau liée à la présence de sources importantes, d’une nappe phréatique facilement exploitable, d’un cours d’eau pérenne et un hivernage à caractère sub-humide, la plupart des utilisateurs d’eau se retrouvent régulièrement en pénurie d’eau à cause d’une augmentation de la population et d’une intensification de l’agriculture irriguée. Ceci conduit les gestionnaires du bassin à rechercher des outils de contrôle et de suivi. [less ▲]

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See detaillibmorpho: a library for mathematical morphology
Dardenne, Renaud; Van Droogenbroeck, Marc ULg

Software (2006)

libmorpho is a free software library written in ANSI C that implements several basic operations of mathematical morphology: erosions, dilations, openings, and closings by lines, rectangles, or arbitrary ... [more ▼]

libmorpho is a free software library written in ANSI C that implements several basic operations of mathematical morphology: erosions, dilations, openings, and closings by lines, rectangles, or arbitrary shaped structuring elements or by structuring functions. The software is released under the GNU General Public license. [less ▲]

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See detailCartographie au moyen de marqueurs microsatellites des gènes de Gossypium sturtanium Willis responsables de l'inhibition de la synthèse du gossypoll uniquement dans la graine du cotonnier
Benbouza, H.; Lacape, M.; Courtois, B. et al

in Actes des Xèmes Journées Scientifiques du Réseau "Biotechnologies végétales : Quelles biotechnologies pour une agriculture durable ?" (2006)

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