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See detailChapitre 5 : Perceptions des dispositifs et pratiques d’intégration en Région wallonne par les réfugiés et demandeurs d’asile recevables et positions d’opérateurs d’intégration
Gsir, Sonia ULg

in Kagné, Bonaventure (Ed.) Pratiques d’intégration des réfugiés et des demandeurs d’asile en Région wallonne (2006)

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See detailLe cannabis dans la vie de l'adolescent normal, un invité encombrant?
Malchair, Alain ULg

in Observatoire : Revue d'Action Sociale & Médico-Sociale (2006), (51-52), 109-113

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See detailTechno-logie. À propos du Château des Carpathes
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Gras, A.; Musso, P. (Eds.) Politique, communication et technologies (2006)

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See detailLe capital social est-il soluble dans les médias : le rôle de la télévision, d'Internet et des modes d'information
Jacquemain, Marc ULg

in Houard, Jean; Jacquemain, Marc (Eds.) Capital social et dynamique régionale (2006)

The chapter explores the way various kinds of media consuming may affect the main dimensions of social capital : network of social relations, political involment (and among it electoral turnout ... [more ▼]

The chapter explores the way various kinds of media consuming may affect the main dimensions of social capital : network of social relations, political involment (and among it electoral turnout), socializing. What appears is a difference between the media : while an intensive use of television tends to deter social capital (but the certainly not in the huge proportion sometimes assumed), reading newspapers acts exactly in the opposite way. As for Internet, it seems that it depends of the kind of use, but, on the whole it is mainly a support to polititical involvement. The models control effects of age, education and gender. [less ▲]

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See detailQui vole un oeuf...
Jacquemain, Marc ULg

Article for general public (2006)

L'article revient sur la focalisation extrême sur "l'éhtique" en politique. Le mot n'est utilisé que dans un contexte particulier : les mandataires tirent-ils des bénéfices indûs de l'exercice du mandat ... [more ▼]

L'article revient sur la focalisation extrême sur "l'éhtique" en politique. Le mot n'est utilisé que dans un contexte particulier : les mandataires tirent-ils des bénéfices indûs de l'exercice du mandat ? Mais cette question n'est que le degré zéro de l'éthique : le politique "intègre" peut être conservateur ou progressiste, extrémiste ou modéré, de gauche ou de droite. Quelle politique va-t-il appliquer et quels intérêts va-t-il servir (au-delà des siens) ? Là est la vraie question éthique en politique. [less ▲]

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See detailL'écriture réflexive en formation initiale d'enseignants: entre réconciliation avec l'écrit et apprentissage de la rigueur conceptuelle
Vanhulle, Sabine; Deum, Mélanie ULg

in Langage & Pratiques (2006), 37

Les auteures envisagent l’écriture comme un instrument de construction de savoirs et de développement de la réflexivité chez les futurs professionnels de l’enseignement. Or, les données recueillies dans ... [more ▼]

Les auteures envisagent l’écriture comme un instrument de construction de savoirs et de développement de la réflexivité chez les futurs professionnels de l’enseignement. Or, les données recueillies dans leurs recherches relèvent des réticences à écrire chez de nombreux étudiants. Il y a lieu de comprendre ces réticences avant d’élaborer des dispositifs visant dans un premier temps la réconciliation de ces étudiants avec l’écrit, pour qu’ils puissent ensuite y recourir pour élaborer leurs savoirs professionnels et opérer des liaisons entre la théorie et la pratique. Afin que de tels dispositifs ne profitent pas seulement à ceux qui possèdent déjà une bonne maitrise du langage écrit, il importe de les intégrer dans des processus de socialisation et d’accompagnement tout en outillant la production de textes réflexifs. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of a novel oscillatory flow micro-bioreactor to the production of γ-decalactone in a two immiscible liquid phase medium
Reis, N.; Gonçalves, C. N.; Aguedo, Mario ULg et al

in Biotechnology Letters (2006), 28(7), 485-490

A novel micro-bioreactor based on the oscillatory flow technology was applied to the scale-down of the biotechnological production of γ-decalactone. A decrease up to 50% of the time required to obtain the ... [more ▼]

A novel micro-bioreactor based on the oscillatory flow technology was applied to the scale-down of the biotechnological production of γ-decalactone. A decrease up to 50% of the time required to obtain the maximum concentration of the compound was observed, when compared with other scaled-down platforms (stirred tank bioreactor or shake flask). A three-fold increase in γ-decalactone productivity was obtained by increasing oscillatory mixing intensity from Re o ∼482 to Re o ∼1447. This was presumably related to the effective contribution of the reactor geometry to enhanced mass transfer rates between the two immiscible liquid phases involved in the process by increasing the interfacial area. © Springer 2006. [less ▲]

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See detail"Such Apparently Insignificant Details" : Fritz Lang y lo infimo
Belloi, Livio ULg

in Archivos de la Filmoteca : Revista de Estudios Históricos sobre la Imagen (2006), 52(février), 141-169

A close reading of some of Lang's major american films, focusing on their use of details. - Analyse de films issus de la période américaine de Fritz Lang, saisis sous l'angle de leurs effets de détail.

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See detailManifestations neuromusculaires des soins intensifs
WANG, François-Charles ULg

Scientific conference (2006)

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See detailPhillips, Caryl
Ledent, Bénédicte ULg

in Palmer, Colin (Ed.) Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History: The Black Experience in the Americas (2006)

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See detailEvaluation de la mesure "Prairie de haute valeur biologique - MAE8" en région agricole Fagne-Famenne
Rouxhet, Serge ULg; Walot, Thierri

Report (2006)

Durant l'été 2006, l'évaluation a été axée uniquement sur la mesure agri-environnementale "méthode 8 - prairie de haute valeur biologique" en région agricole Fagne-Famenne. Un échantillon de 43 parcelles ... [more ▼]

Durant l'été 2006, l'évaluation a été axée uniquement sur la mesure agri-environnementale "méthode 8 - prairie de haute valeur biologique" en région agricole Fagne-Famenne. Un échantillon de 43 parcelles au sein de 34 exploitations a été évalué. [less ▲]

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See detailUV-targeted dinucleotides are not depleted in light-exposed prokaryotic genomes
Palmeira, Leonor ULg; Gueguen, Laurent; Lobry, Jean R

in Molecular Biology and Evolution (2006), 23(11), 2214--2219

We have investigated the hypothesis that pyrimidine dinucleotides are avoided in light-exposed genomes as the result of selective pressure due to high ultraviolet (UV) exposure. The main damage to DNA ... [more ▼]

We have investigated the hypothesis that pyrimidine dinucleotides are avoided in light-exposed genomes as the result of selective pressure due to high ultraviolet (UV) exposure. The main damage to DNA produced by UV radiation is known to be the formation of pyrimidine photoproducts: it is estimated that about 10 dimers per minute are formed in an Escherichia coli chromosome exposed to the UV light in direct overhead sunlight at sea level. It is also known that on an E. coli chromosome exposed to UVb wavelengths (290-320 nm), pyrimidine photoproducts are formed in the following proportions: 59 TpT, 7 CpC, and 34 CpT plus TpC. We have analyzed all available complete prokaryotic genomes and the model organism Prochlorococcus marinus and have found that pyrimidine dinucleotides are not systematically avoided. This suggests that prokaryotes must have sufficiently effective protection and repair systems for UV exposure to not affect their dinucleotide composition. [less ▲]

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See detailLes Rußlanddeutschen, des immigrés privilégiés en voie de banalisation: Le cas du marché du travail
Dufays, Frédéric ULg

Master of advanced studies dissertation (2006)

À la fin des années quatre-vingts, une immigration massive en provenance des pays de l’espace anciennement socialiste s’est ajoutée à ce flux. La majorité de ces nouveaux migrants sont candidats à un ... [more ▼]

À la fin des années quatre-vingts, une immigration massive en provenance des pays de l’espace anciennement socialiste s’est ajoutée à ce flux. La majorité de ces nouveaux migrants sont candidats à un statut particulier, celui d’Aussiedler, créé en 1953 dans une logique de réparation de la seconde guerre mondiale et des conséquences de la politique hitlérienne. Dès lors, le statut d’Aussiedler est associé à plusieurs privilèges, dont la naturalisation, l’accès sans condition au marché du travail et un soutien financier. Avec l’arrivée de millions d’Aussiedler en provenance d’ex-URSS (Rußlanddeutschen) qui éprouvent des difficultés à s’intégrer, notamment à cause de leur manque de connaissance de l’allemand, le statut d’Aussiedler qui est fondé sur le droit du sang et sur la « germanité » (Deutschtum) pose désormais question. C’est au coeur de cette problématique que ce mémoire s’inscrit en tentant d’apporter un éclairage sur la situation actuelle des Rußlanddeutschen. Nous avons observé une diminution des privilèges ainsi qu’une évolution des justifications au fur et à mesure que le statut d’Aussiedler était remis en cause. Au changement de vision officielle s’ajoute une évolution du sentiment identitaire des Rußlanddeutschen eux-mêmes, en tout cas parmi les nouveaux arrivants. Se considérant davantage russes qu’allemands, ils se présentent comme des immigrés. Ce processus de banalisation des derniers arrivants est accéléré par une sorte de stigmatisation de ceux-ci par les Rußlanddeutchen arrivés au début de la vague de migration, c’est-à-dire aux alentours de 1990. Les derniers arrivants deviennent ainsi des Outsiders au sens de Norbert Elias, au même titre que d’autres communautés immigrées. Dans ce cadre général, nous nous sommes penchés sur le marché du travail comme espace de banalisation des Rußlanddeutschen. Utilisant les théories du capital humain et du capital social comme fondements, nous avons tenté de comprendre leur situation sur le marché du travail allemand, auquel ils sont censés avoir accès sans condition, privilège lié au statut d’Aussiedler. [less ▲]

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See detailVariations in Transnational Tutoring in Distance Learning: the Form@sup Experience
Volungeviciene, Airina; Leduc, Laurent ULg

in Revue Internationale des Technologies en Pédagogie Universitaire (2006), 3(1-2), 19-27

This paper describes several roles of transnational tutors from the standpoint of two of them, holding different positions in the design of a curriculum based on Distance Learning (Form@sup in its English ... [more ▼]

This paper describes several roles of transnational tutors from the standpoint of two of them, holding different positions in the design of a curriculum based on Distance Learning (Form@sup in its English version). These roles and positions will be presented according to two theoretical models. Particular focus will be placed on the relationship between the Central unit and a transnational tutor representing it locally. [less ▲]

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See detailSpecificity of different RIA systems for measurement of bovine pregnancy associated glycoproteins against carbohydrates and placental hormones.
Ayad, A.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Sulon, J. et al

in Proceedings of the 10e Journée de Rencontre Bioforum (2006)

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See detailThe use of moderate hypothermia during cardiac surgery is associated with repression of tumour necrosis factor-alpha via inhibition of activating protein-1: an experimental study.
Qing, Ma; Woltje, Michael; Schumacher, Katharina et al

in Critical Care (2006), 10(2), 57

INTRODUCTION: The use of moderate hypothermia during experimental cardiac surgery is associated with decreased expression of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in myocardium and with myocardial protection ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: The use of moderate hypothermia during experimental cardiac surgery is associated with decreased expression of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in myocardium and with myocardial protection. In order to identify the cellular mechanisms that lead to that repression, we investigated the effect of hypothermia during cardiac surgery on both main signalling pathways involved in systemic inflammation, namely the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and activating protein-1 pathways. METHOD: Twelve female pigs were randomly subjected to standardized cardiopulmonary bypass with moderate hypothermia or normothermia (temperature 28 degrees C and 37 degrees C, respectively; six pigs in each group). Myocardial probes were sampled from the right ventricle before, during and 6 hours after bypass. We detected mRNA encoding TNF-alpha by competitive RT-PCR and measured protein levels of TNF-alpha, inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclo-oxygenase-2 by Western blotting. Finally, we assessed the activation of NF-kappaB and activating protein-1, as well as phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase by electrophoretic mobility shift assay with super shift and/or Western blot. RESULTS: During and after cardiac surgery, animals subjected to hypothermia exhibited lower expression of TNF-alpha and cyclo-oxygenase-2 but not of inducible nitric oxide synthase. This was associated with lower activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and of its downstream effector activating protein-1 in hypothermic animals. In contrast, NF-kappaB activity was no different between groups. CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that the repression of TNF-alpha associated with moderate hypothermia during cardiac surgery is associated with inhibition of the mitogen-activated protein kinase p38/activating protein-1 pathway and not with inhibition of NF-kappaB. The use of moderate hypothermia during cardiac surgery may mitigate the perioperative systemic inflammatory response and its complications. [less ▲]

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See detailChildren undergoing cardiac surgery for complex cardiac defects show imbalance between pro- and anti-thrombotic activity.
Heying, Ruth; van Oeveren, Wim; Wilhelm, Stefanie et al

in Critical Care (2006), 10(6), 165

INTRODUCTION: Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with the activation of inflammatory mediators that possess prothrombotic activity and could cause postoperative haemostatic ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with the activation of inflammatory mediators that possess prothrombotic activity and could cause postoperative haemostatic disorders. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of cardiac surgery on prothrombotic activity in children undergoing cardiac surgery for complex cardiac defects. METHODS: Eighteen children (ages 3 to 163 months) undergoing univentricular palliation with total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) (n = 10) or a biventricular repair (n = 8) for complex cardiac defects were studied. Prothrombotic activity was evaluated by measuring plasma levels of prothrombin fragment 1+2 (F1+2), thromboxane B2 (TxB2), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). Anti-thrombotic activity was evaluated by measuring levels of tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) before, during, and after cardiac surgery. RESULTS: In all patients, cardiac surgery was associated with a significant but transient increase of F1+2, TxB2, TFPI, and MCP-1. Maximal values of F1+2, TxB2, and MCP-1 were found at the end of CPB. In contrast, maximal levels of TFPI were observed at the beginning of CPB. Concentrations of F1+2 at the end of CPB correlated negatively with the minimal oesophageal temperature during CPB. Markers of prothrombotic activity returned to preoperative values from the first postoperative day on. Early postoperative TFPI levels were significantly lower and TxB2 levels significantly higher in patients with TCPC than in those with biventricular repair. Thromboembolic events were not observed. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that children with complex cardiac defects undergoing cardiac surgery show profound but transient imbalance between pro- and anti-thrombotic activity, which could lead to thromboembolic complications. These alterations are more important after TCPC than after biventricular repair but seem to be determined mainly by low antithrombin III. [less ▲]

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See detailL'apport des revues et de la statistique à l'approche des réseaux
Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg; Purnelle, Gérald ULg

in Denis, Benoît; de Marneffe, Daphné (Eds.) Les Réseaux littéraires (2006)

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