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See detailEffets néfastes du defaut d'observance hygiéno-diététique et médicamenteuse chez le patient diabétique
Paquot, Nicolas ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(5-6), 326-31

The treatment of diabetes mellitus is complex and involves lifestyle modification to optimize nutrition and physical activity as well as the addition of pharmacological therapy to provide needed ... [more ▼]

The treatment of diabetes mellitus is complex and involves lifestyle modification to optimize nutrition and physical activity as well as the addition of pharmacological therapy to provide needed physiological support for insulin deficiency or for insulin resistance. Adherence to medical recommendations has been found to be associated with improved glycaemic control through HbA1c reduction but also to result in improved outcomes and reduced costs of diabetes. Despite this potential benefit of pharmacological therapy, adherence to glucose-lowering treatments is poor, ranging from 36% to 85% adherence to oral medications. The most common factors affecting medication taking in diabetic patients include regimen complexity, dosing frequency greater than twice daily, cost, poor self-confidence, insufficient education about the use of the products, depression, and adverse effects or fear of them. Several barriers to medication taking have been suggested although well-controlled trials to confirm and resolve these barriers are limited yet. Further studies are needed to test specific interventions to improve medication taking in diabetes. [less ▲]

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See detailFamilles monoparentales: le passage de l'adolescence à l'absence d'un père
Malchair, Alain ULg

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (2010), 110(3), 36-42

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See detailParalysie non traumatique du nerf interosseux antébrachial postérieur liée à la pratique du vélo tout-terrain
WANG, François-Charles ULg; GOFFINET, Estelle ULg

in Lettre du Neurologue (La) : le Courrier du Spécialiste (2010)

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See detailEvaluation d'une nouvelle bibliothérapie de l'éjaculation précoce
Kempeneers, Philippe ULg; Andrianne, Robert ULg; Bauwens, S. et al

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2010)

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See detailLes populations insulaires face au changement climatique : des migrations à anticiper
Cournil, Christel; Gemenne, François ULg

in VertigO : la Revue Electronique en Sciences de l'Environnement (2010), 10(3),

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See detailStudy on environmental factors influencing the urea content of cow milk in Wallonia (Belgium)
Dufrasne, Isabelle ULg; Istasse, Louis ULg; LAMBERT, René ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2010), 14

Study on environmental factors influencing the urea content of cow milk in Wallonia (Belgium). The urea content in tank milk is currently assessed in Wallonia (Belgium) for all milk producers by the ... [more ▼]

Study on environmental factors influencing the urea content of cow milk in Wallonia (Belgium). The urea content in tank milk is currently assessed in Wallonia (Belgium) for all milk producers by the Comite du lait. A statistical analysis was carried out on 5,675,758 data collected over the 2002-2008 period in order to study the variation in the urea content in milk from cows according to the months of the years and the agronomy areas. The data were analyzed with a linear model (proc GLM) including the fixed effects of the area, the month of sampling, the year and the interactions. The fat and proteins contents in milk were used as covariables. The average urea content in milk over the six years was 258 mg.l(-1). A proportion of 19% of the contents were over 350 mg.l(-1)and 10% over 400 mg.l(-1). The model explained 35% of the variation of the urea content. Within the model, the agronomy area was the most explicative component (44%). It was followed by the area-month interaction (18.6%), the protein content (17.8%) and the month (10.5%). The variation of the urea content in milk could be mainly explained by the differences in the diets offered to the lactating dairy cows according to the agronomy areas. The composition of the diets varies with the crops produced and therefore with the agronomy area. Higher urea contents were observed in areas with a lot of pastures (grazing areas) than in the arable areas. In the grazing areas, feedstuffs higher in protein than in energy are consumed by the cows: the excess of protein is probably the reason for the higher urea content. The feedstuffs produced in the arable areas are more various with more diversified and balanced diets. The season influenced also the urea content, a higher urea content being observed during the summer period as compared with the winter period. The changes could be explained by dietary differences between the indoor winter period and the grazing period in Summer. During the indoor period, the dairy cows are offered normally a complete diet which is more balanced than during the grazing period. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of the fertilization type, the day in the paddock and the month on nitrogen rejections in dairy cows
Dufrasne, Isabelle ULg; Istasse, Louis ULg; Robaye, Vincent ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2010), 14

Influence of the fertilization type, the day in the paddock and the month on nitrogen rejections in dairy cows. The present study aims to quantify nitrogen (N) rejections in dairy cows on a rotational ... [more ▼]

Influence of the fertilization type, the day in the paddock and the month on nitrogen rejections in dairy cows. The present study aims to quantify nitrogen (N) rejections in dairy cows on a rotational grazing system with different types of fertilization (compost, slurry and mineral N) at two different days in the paddock (days 3 and 5) and during two different periods (June and September). Grass yield and height were measured along with the chemical composition. The live weight was recorded when the cows moved into the paddock and milk yields was recorded at each milking. N intakes were measured on the basis of the energy requirement. When the cows were in the paddocks, individual samples of faeces and urine were collected to assess N rejections. The urea content in milk from the tank or from the individual cows was also measured. N intake was higher on day 3 than on day 5 and in September as compared with in June but was not influenced by the fertilization. The amount of N produced in milk was not influenced either by the fertilization, by the day on the paddock or by the month. The amount of urinary N was significantly higher in the N mineral group than in the two other groups. The N excretion in faeces and urines was higher on day 3 than on day 5. In June, the N excretion by the urine was lower than in September while the N excretion by the faeces was higher. Equations were calculated in order to estimate the N excretion by the urine in grazing dairy cows from the urea content in milk of a group of cows. [less ▲]

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See detailLa lecture littéraire et l’utopie d’une communauté - Introduction et direction du numéro
Servais, Christine ULg; Detue, Frédérik

in Etudes Littéraires (2010), 41(2), 7-16

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See detailTranscriptomic biomarkers of human ageing in peripheral blood mononuclear cell total RNA
Duy Vo, Thy Kim; Godard, Patrice; de Saint-Hubert, Marie et al

in Experimental Gerontology (2010), 45

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See detailOf French Fries and Cookies: Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's Diasporic Short Fiction
Tunca, Daria ULg

in Gyssels, Kathleen; Ledent, Bénédicte (Eds.) Présence africaine en Europe et au-delà / African Presence in Europe and Beyond (2010)

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See detailLes cycles du désir sexuel (saison 2)
Kempeneers, Philippe ULg

in Sexualités humaines (2010), 6

Cette deuxième saison au pays du désir nous conduit aux confins de la passion amoureuse, entre animalité et profonde humanité

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See detailQuartiles d'une série statistique univariée : quelles définitions ?
Henry, Valérie ULg

in Losanges (2010), 7

Sur base d'une étude comparative de la littérature sur le sujet, nous proposons une définition du premier quartile qui permette de rester en cohérence avec la définition de celui-ci pour une variable ... [more ▼]

Sur base d'une étude comparative de la littérature sur le sujet, nous proposons une définition du premier quartile qui permette de rester en cohérence avec la définition de celui-ci pour une variable quantitative dont les données ont été réparties en classes. [less ▲]

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See detailLes cultes isiaques à Emporion
Puccio, Laetizia ULg

in Pallas : Revue d'Etudes Antiques (2010), 84

This article presents a new interpretation of the temple M's content placed in the so-called sanctuary of Asklepios in Emporion. The sculptures are related to an inscription of the area and also to a ... [more ▼]

This article presents a new interpretation of the temple M's content placed in the so-called sanctuary of Asklepios in Emporion. The sculptures are related to an inscription of the area and also to a sigilado glass and chandeliers that come from the Roman city. All this proves the presence of an Egyptian worship in Emporion more complex than earlier. [less ▲]

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See detailRefining the taxonomy of the Rattini tribe: a phylogeny-based delimitation of species boundaries
Pagès, Marie ULg; Chaval, Yannick; Herbreteau, Vincent et al

in BMC Evolutionary Biology (2010), 10(184), 184

Background: Rodents are recognized as hosts for at least 60 zoonotic diseases and may represent a serious threat for human health. In the context of global environmental changes and increasing mobility of ... [more ▼]

Background: Rodents are recognized as hosts for at least 60 zoonotic diseases and may represent a serious threat for human health. In the context of global environmental changes and increasing mobility of humans and animals, contacts between pathogens and potential animal hosts and vectors are modified, amplifying the risk of disease emergence. An accurate identification of each rodent at a specific level is needed in order to understand their implications in the transmission of diseases. Among the Muridae, the Rattini tribe encompasses 167 species inhabiting South East Asia, a hotspot of both biodiversity and emerging and re-emerging diseases. The region faces growing economical development that affects habitats, biodiversity and health. Rat species have been demonstrated as significant hosts of pathogens but are still difficult to recognize at a specific level using morphological criteria. DNAbarcoding methods appear as accurate tools for rat species identification but their use is hampered by the need of reliable identification of reference specimens. In this study, we explore and highlight the limits of the current taxonomy of the Rattini tribe. <br />Results: We used the DNA sequence information itself as the primary information source to establish group membership and estimate putative species boundaries. We sequenced two mitochondrial and one nuclear genes from 122 rat samples to perform phylogenetic reconstructions. The method of Pons and colleagues (2006) that determines, with no prior expectations, the locations of ancestral nodes defining putative species was then applied to our dataset. To give an appropriate name to each cluster recognized as a putative species, we reviewed information from the literature and obtained sequences from a museum holotype specimen following the ancient DNA criteria. <br />Conclusions: Using a recently developed methodology, this study succeeds in refining the taxonomy of one of the most difficult groups of mammals. Most of the species expected within the area were retrieved but new putative species limits were also indicated, in particular within Berylmys and Rattus genera, where future taxonomic studies should be directed. Our study lays the foundations to better investigate rodent-born diseases in South East Asia and illustrates the relevance of evolutionary studies for health and medical sciences. [less ▲]

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See detailFish lateral system is required for accurate control of shoaling behaviour
Faucher, Karine ULg; Parmentier, Eric ULg; Becco, Christophe ULg et al

in Animal Behaviour (2010), 79

In teleost fishes, the lateral system is assumed to contribute, among other roles, to maintaining schooling behaviour. Sight is also assumed to play a role in schooling, as fish with a cut lateral line do ... [more ▼]

In teleost fishes, the lateral system is assumed to contribute, among other roles, to maintaining schooling behaviour. Sight is also assumed to play a role in schooling, as fish with a cut lateral line do not stop schooling unless they are also blinded. This conclusion, however, is based on experiments where only the trunk lateral line was inactivated, leaving the head lateral system intact. We investigated how inactivation of the whole lateral system affects fish shoaling behaviour. Groups of firehead tetras, Hemigrammus bleheri, were videorecorded before and after inactivation of their whole lateral system with aminoglycoside antibiotics (and also in sham-treated specimens). Shoaling behaviour was characterized by nearest distance to the first, second and third neighbours, shoal radius, shoal order parameter and the number of collisions between individuals. Scanning electron microscope observations showed damage to most superficial neuromasts as a result of antibiotic treatment. Importantly, the antibiotic-treated fish proved unable to maintain a shoal. After the end of the treatment, however, they recovered both a normal tissue morphology and normal shoaling behaviour within about a month. The lateral system is thus more crucial to shoaling behaviour than previously believed. [less ▲]

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See detailLinguaggi della festa e linguaggi del potere ad Alessandria, nella Grande Processione di Tolemeo Filadelfo
Caneva, Stefano ULg

in Bona, Edoardo; Curnis, Michele (Eds.) Linguaggi del potere, poteri del linguaggio (2010)

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