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See detailAccuracy analysis of the thrust force in 2D-3D finite element models
Deliège, Geoffrey ULg; Henrotte, François; Hameyer, Kay

in COMPEL (2006), 25(2), 320-333

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See detailModel predictive control and reinforcement learning as two complementary frameworks
Ernst, Damien ULg; Glavic, Mevludin; Capitanescu, Florin ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 13th IFAC Workshop on Control Applications of Optimisation (2006)

Model predictive control (MPC) and reinforcement learning (RL) are two popular families of methods to control system dynamics. In their traditional setting, they formulate the control problem as a ... [more ▼]

Model predictive control (MPC) and reinforcement learning (RL) are two popular families of methods to control system dynamics. In their traditional setting, they formulate the control problem as a discrete-time optimal control problem and compute a suboptimal control policy. We present in this paper in a unified framework these two families of methods. We run for MPC and RL algorithms simulations on a benchmark control problem taken from the power system literature and discuss the results obtained. [less ▲]

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See detailLe système latéral, organe sensoriel majeur, n'intervient pas dans le comportement alimentaire nocturne du bar
Faucher, Karine ULg; Lagardère, Jean-Paul

in Aquaculture Recherche (2006), 199

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See detailModélisation hydrodynamique des zones inondables en Région wallonne
Pirotton, Michel ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Cahiers de l'Urbanisme (Les) (2006)

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See detailThe Treatment of Severe Postmenopausal Osteoporosis : A Review of Current and Emerging Therapeutic Options
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Sarlet, Nathalie ULg

in Treatments in Endocrinology (2006), 5(1), 15-23

Several chemical entities have shown their ability to reduce axial and/or appendicular fractures in patients with osteoporosis. Since patients who have experienced a previous fracture are at high risk for ... [more ▼]

Several chemical entities have shown their ability to reduce axial and/or appendicular fractures in patients with osteoporosis. Since patients who have experienced a previous fracture are at high risk for subsequent vertebral or hip fracture, it is of prime importance to treat such patients with medications that have unequivocally demonstrated their ability to reduce fracture rates in patients with prevalent fractures. Results obtained with calcium and vitamin D, in this particular population, are not fully satisfactory and these medications are probably better used in conjunction with other therapeutic regimens. Bisphosphonates have shown their ability to reduce vertebral (alendronate, risedronate, ibandronate) and non-vertebral (alendronate, risedronate) fractures in patients with established osteoporosis. Raloxifene has also shown similar properties, notwithstanding its effect on non-vertebral fractures, which has only been derived from a post hoc analysis limited to patients with prevalent severe vertebral fractures at baseline. This compound also has interesting non-skeletal benefits, including effects on the breast and heart. Teriparatide, a bone-forming agent, promptly reduces the rate of vertebral and all non-vertebral fractures, without significant adverse effects. Strontium ranelate, the first agent shown to concomitantly decrease bone resorption and stimulate bone formation, has also shown its ability to reduce rates of vertebral and non-vertebral fractures in patients with established osteoporosis. It significantly reduces hip fractures in elderly individuals at high risk for such events. Its safety profile is also excellent. [less ▲]

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See detailEvidence for association between the HLA-DQA locus and abdominal aortic aneurysms in the Belgian population: a case control study.
Ogata, Toru; Gregoire, Lucie; Goddard, Katrina A B et al

in BMC Medical Genetics (2006), 7

BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation and autoimmunity likely contribute to the pathogenesis of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). The aim of this study was to investigate the role of autoimmunity in the ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation and autoimmunity likely contribute to the pathogenesis of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). The aim of this study was to investigate the role of autoimmunity in the etiology of AAAs using a genetic association study approach with HLA polymorphisms. METHODS: HLA-DQA1, -DQB1, -DRB1 and -DRB3-5 alleles were determined in 387 AAA cases (180 Belgian and 207 Canadian) and 426 controls (269 Belgian and 157 Canadian) by a PCR and single-strand oligonucleotide probe hybridization assay. RESULTS: We observed a potential association with the HLA-DQA1 locus among Belgian males (empirical p = 0.027, asymptotic p = 0.071). Specifically, there was a significant difference in the HLA-DQA1*0102 allele frequencies between AAA cases (67/322 alleles, 20.8%) and controls (44/356 alleles, 12.4%) in Belgian males (empirical p = 0.019, asymptotic p = 0.003). In haplotype analyses, marginally significant association was found between AAA and haplotype HLA-DQA1-DRB1 (p = 0.049 with global score statistics and p = 0.002 with haplotype-specific score statistics). CONCLUSION: This study showed potential evidence that the HLA-DQA1 locus harbors a genetic risk factor for AAAs suggesting that autoimmunity plays a role in the pathogenesis of AAAs. [less ▲]

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See detailConceptualisaiton d'un événement de santé et sa prise en compte dans la collecte des biographies individuelles
Banturiki, Yannick Védaste ULg; Nganawara, Didier; Thomsin, Laurence ULg

in Cahiers Québecois de Démographie (2006), 35/2(Automne), 161-174

Depuis quelques années, les recherches sur les inégalités existant entre les individus par rapport à leur santé se focalisent sur l’influence exercée par les conditions sociales tout au long du cycle de ... [more ▼]

Depuis quelques années, les recherches sur les inégalités existant entre les individus par rapport à leur santé se focalisent sur l’influence exercée par les conditions sociales tout au long du cycle de vie. En somme, c’est l’aspect dynamique de la santé qui est de plus en plus privilégié. Cependant, la collecte d’un événement de santé au moyen de l’approche biographique a été rarement mise en oeuvre dans les recueils biographiques. La présente note vise à présenter le cheminement conceptuel et la démarche méthodologique que nous avons suivis pour définir un événement de santé et l’intégrer dans une enquête biographique mise en place en Belgique. La première partie de cette note présente succinctement les définitions allouées à l’état de santé d’un individu. La deuxième partie met en lumière les avantages et les limites de la collecte longitudinale et montre l’intérêt de l’approche biographique. La troisième partie, enfin, est consacrée à la présentation de l’approche innovatrice que nous avons mise en oeuvre, autour de l’idée des interruptions d’activités, pour collecter un événement de santé dans un dispositif biographique. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and performance assessment of an improved 8-node mixed type FEM element
Duchene, Laurent ULg; de Montleau, P.; Habraken, Anne ULg

in Juster, Neal; Rosochowski, Andrzej (Eds.) Proceedings of the 9th International ESAFORM Conference on Material Forming (2006)

Several finite element (FE) simulations were investigated using a recently developed mixed type element: the BWD3D. The main formulation of the element is largely described, with particular focus on the ... [more ▼]

Several finite element (FE) simulations were investigated using a recently developed mixed type element: the BWD3D. The main formulation of the element is largely described, with particular focus on the shear locking treatment. The formulation of the former BLZ3D element is also presented for comparison. The examples investigated in the present study were beam bending, large strain torsion, incremental forming and deep drawing .The numerical results obtained with both elements were compared to experiments. [less ▲]

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See detailFast method to predict an earing profile based on Lankford coefficients and yield locus
Lelotte, Thomas; Duchene, Laurent ULg; Habraken, Anne ULg

in Mota Soares, C. A. (Ed.) Proceedings of the III European Conference on Computational Mechanics Solids (ECCM III) (2006)

This paper compares three methods to determine the earing profile that appears during the deep-drawing test of a circular steel sheet. Three steel grades will be studied. The first method is an ... [more ▼]

This paper compares three methods to determine the earing profile that appears during the deep-drawing test of a circular steel sheet. Three steel grades will be studied. The first method is an experimental test made by a hydraulic press. The second one is a finite ele-ment method (FEM) deep-drawing simulation using a micro-macro texture based constitutive law. The last one directly determines the general aspect of the earing profile from the yield locus which is computed from the initial texture. The goal of this study is to validate the last approach. So, an earing profile prediction can quickly be obtained just from material’s tex-ture. [less ▲]

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See detailQuasi steady-state simulation diagnosis using Newton method with optimal multiplier
Rousseaux, Patricia ULg; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

in IEEE PES General Meeting (Montreal) (2006)

This paper deals with the quasi steady-state approximation of the long-term dynamics. This fast time simulation method assumes that the short-term dynamics are stable and can be replaced by their ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with the quasi steady-state approximation of the long-term dynamics. This fast time simulation method assumes that the short-term dynamics are stable and can be replaced by their equilibrium equations. When the latter stop having a solution, the simulation undergoes a singularity. This paper proposes a method to identify which component(s) are responsible for the loss of equilibrium. The corresponding equations are identified using the Newton method with optimal multiplier. The method has been validated with respect to full time simulation. Very good results are shown on the Nordic-32 system, in cases where long-term voltage instability triggers loss of synchronism. The proposed method enhances time simulation at very low computational cost and can also help correcting model and/or operating point errors. [less ▲]

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See detailLes polymeres issus du vegetal: materiaux a proprietes specifiques pour des applications ciblees en industrie plastique.
Rabetafika, Holy-Nadia ULg; Paquot, Michel ULg; Dubois, Philippe

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2006), 10(3),

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See detailWork Integration Social Enterprises: Are they Multi-stakeholder and Multiple Goal Organizations?
Campi, Sara; Defourny, Jacques ULg; Grégoire, Olivier

in Nyssens, Marthe (Ed.) Social Enterprise: At the Crossroads of Market, Public Policies and Civil Society (2006)

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See detailDefining Social Enterprise
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Nyssens, Marthe

in Nyssens, Marthe (Ed.) Social Enterprise, at the Crossroads of Market, Public Policies and Civil Society (2006)

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See detailA Semantic Approach to the Egyptian Language : the Case of Time and Aspect. Towards a New Paradigm
Winand, Jean ULg

in Lingua Aegyptia [= LingAeg] (2006), (14), 451-472

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See detailUn master en ligne sous la loupe
Poumay, Marianne ULg

in Distances et Savoirs (2006), 4(1),

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See detailEnvironmental hazards and the skin.
Pierard, Claudine ULg; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg; Berardesca, E. et al

in European Journal of Dermatology (2006), 16(3), 322-4

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