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See detailNutritional markers course after oral supplementation with different forms of iodine in Holstein non-lactating cows
Guyot, Hugues ULg; VanParijs, Sandrine; Uyttenhoef, Aude et al

Poster (2009)

Iodine (I) deficiency is commonly reported in cattle around the world and is often associated with clinical or sub-clinical diseases. As most of clinical signs are not pathognomonic, diagnosis has to be ... [more ▼]

Iodine (I) deficiency is commonly reported in cattle around the world and is often associated with clinical or sub-clinical diseases. As most of clinical signs are not pathognomonic, diagnosis has to be confirmed by biochemical analyses such as plasmatic inorganic iodine (PII) or urinary I. Different oral mineral forms of I are available in Europe for cattle. The aim of the study was to compare the kinetic of I in blood and urine in non-lactating cows, following oral administration of different forms of I. Five groups of 6 non-lactating cows (aged 6 ± 2 years, weight 604 ± 89 kg), receiving the same ration (11 kg dry matter) and housed in the same conditions (tied-stall and straw) underwent a double-blinded trial during 2 months. Excepting in Group A (Control), all cows received a daily oral supplementation of I equal to 5 ppm, in the form of Ca(IO3)2 (Group B), KI (Group C), organic form of I 1 (Group D) and organic form of I 2 (Group E). Formulas of the organic forms of I are not public and coverable by patent. Supplementation was stopped at T45. Blood and urine samples were taken at T0, T15, T30 and T60. Thyroxine (T4) was measured at T0, T30 and T60 while PII and urinary I were measured at the 4 times of the trial. Student-t test and multiple comparisons of means (mix crossed model) were used to compare I and T4 concentrations between groups and times. All characteristics about the cows and I levels in blood or urine were not significantly different at T0 (p>0.1). There was no significant difference (p>0.1) between groups B, C, D, E at the different times of the trial. PII and urinary I in Group A were significantly lower than in other groups (p<0.01) at T15 and T30. Highest concentrations of I (PII up to 242 ± 30 µg/L and urinary I up to 2326 ± 439 µg/L) were reached at T15 for groups B, D and E. At T60, PII (19 ± 4 µg/L) and urinary I (110 ± 29 µg/L) of all groups reached the basal level. A good correlation was found between PII and urinary I (r² = 0.77). No significant differences were found about T4 (67 ± 10 nmol/L) in all groups and times (p>0.1). PII and urinary I are good markers to assess I nutritional status. No difference was found between either inorganic or organic forms of I, nor between them. Concerning the mineral forms of I, Ca(IO3)2 might be preferably used because of its higher stability in the mineral complexes. [less ▲]

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See detailDéveloppement des filières Jatropha décentralisées au Sénégal
Terren, Marieke ULg; Saverys, S.; Jacquet de Haverskercke, P et al

Poster (2009)

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See detailInterlaboratory Evaluation Of Two Reverse-Transcriptase Polymeric Chain Reaction-Based Methods For Detection Of Four Fruit Tree Viruses
Massart, Sébastien ULg; Brostaux, Yves ULg; Barbarossa, L. et al

in Annals of Applied Biology (2009), 154(1), 133-141

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See detailhybridization behaviour between two common European cyprinid fish species - silver bream Blicca bjoerkna and common bream Abramis brama - in a controlled environment
Nzau Matondo, Billy; Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULg et al

in Animal Biology (2009), 59

The egg release–mating comparison, heterospecific matings and mating success under two hybridization conditions – (i) mixing one sex per species and (ii) mixing both sexes from each species – were ... [more ▼]

The egg release–mating comparison, heterospecific matings and mating success under two hybridization conditions – (i) mixing one sex per species and (ii) mixing both sexes from each species – were investigated to determine whether silver bream Blicca bjoerkna and common bream Abramis brama can hybridize in nature. The results revealed that non-matings in hybridization experiments of silver bream females × common bream males can be explained by territorial and aggressiveness activities observed in common bream. In common bream females × silver bream males, heterospecific matings were observed but their numbers were signifi cantly lower than the spawning numbers, and in this experiment, a female mated with one to four heterospecifi c males. In mixing both sexes from both species, similar spawning – mating numbers were observed but heterospecific matings accounted for only 27% of the total matings, with 24% accounting for heterospecifi c matings between common bream females and silver bream males, directly or by opportunism. Mating success was characterized by the occurrence of fertilized eggs after matings. Natural hybridization occurred preferentially between common bream females and silver bream males. [less ▲]

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See detailTotal Error for the Valildation of Bioanalytical methods
Rozet, Eric ULg; Boulanger, Bruno ULg; Rudaz S et al

in Annales de Toxicologie Analytique (2009), 21(S1), 35

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See detailNature+ asbl - Rapport d'activités 2008
Federspiel, Michèle; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg

Report (2009)

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See detailFace aux nouveaux défis culturels : les Acadiens de Nouvelle-Ecosse
Lempereur, Françoise ULg

in Rabaska : Revue d'Ethnologie de l'Amérique Française (2009), 7

Taking into consideration the intangible cultural heritage holds a central position in the new challenges confronting today's various cultural communities. The author briefly repositions globalization and ... [more ▼]

Taking into consideration the intangible cultural heritage holds a central position in the new challenges confronting today's various cultural communities. The author briefly repositions globalization and cultural diversity and shows that, faced with these two basic guidelines, communies' reactions can be radically opposed : acceptance or refusal of the multiculturalism and, in the case of refusal, an essentialist or evolutionary approach. The latter sacrifices heritage for the benefit of trends, supported by new technologies; the first emphasizes the use of an idealised past in what the author identifies as a policy of "folklorisation". Fortunately, some communities accomplish a positive combination and revitalize their heritage through new forms of communication. This is the case of the municipality of Clare in Nova Scotia, the flag-bearer of a growing Acadian identity. [less ▲]

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See detailAgreement between two independent groups of raters
Vanbelle, Sophie ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg

in Psychometrika (2009), 74

We propose a coefficient of agreement to assess the degree of concordance between two independent groups of raters classifying items on a nominal scale. This coefficient, defined on a population-based ... [more ▼]

We propose a coefficient of agreement to assess the degree of concordance between two independent groups of raters classifying items on a nominal scale. This coefficient, defined on a population-based model, extends the classical Cohen's kappa coefficient for quantifying agreement between two raters. Weighted and intraclass versions of the coefficient are also given and their sampling variance is determined by the Jackknife method. The method is illustrated on medical education data which motivated the research. [less ▲]

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See detailVérification de la résistance au feu des poteaux en béton armé
Benmehidi, Nadia; Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Guenfoud, M.

in Saha, O.; Mouli, M. (Eds.) Performance of Concrete Structures. New Design Concept and Modelling (2009)

This paper is devoted to nonlinear numerical modeling of reinforced concrete columns subjected to fire. In this work we analyze reinforced concrete columns loaded by eccentric compressive forces and ... [more ▼]

This paper is devoted to nonlinear numerical modeling of reinforced concrete columns subjected to fire. In this work we analyze reinforced concrete columns loaded by eccentric compressive forces and exposed to a standard fire. That the columns have an extremely important role in building, the verification of fire resistance in fire conditions is crucial. The analysis is divided into two steps. In the first step we make the thermal study of column. It follows the temperatures depending of time that we use in the second stage for the mechanical study, where we get the variation of different parameters such as bending moment, stresses, displacements and tangent modulus. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of p- and n-type vapor phase doping and sub-melt laser anneal for extension junctions in sub-32 nm CMOS technology
Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Rosseel, Erik; Takeuchi, Shotaro et al

in Thin Solid Films (2009), 518(6), 48

We evaluated the combination of vapor phase doping and sub-melt laser anneal as a novel doping strategy for the fabrication of source and drain extension junctions in sub-32 nm CMOS technology, aiming at ... [more ▼]

We evaluated the combination of vapor phase doping and sub-melt laser anneal as a novel doping strategy for the fabrication of source and drain extension junctions in sub-32 nm CMOS technology, aiming at both planar and non-planar device applications. High quality ultra shallow junctions with abrupt profiles in Si substrates were demonstrated on 300 mm Si substrates. The excellent results obtained for the sheet resistance and the junction depth with boron allowed us to fulfill the requirements for the 32 nm as well as for the 22 nm technology nodes in the PMOS case by choosing appropriate laser anneal conditions. For instance, using 3 laser scans at 1300 $\,^ rc$C, we measured an active dopant concentration of about 2.1 × 1020 cm− 3 and a junction depth of 12 nm. With arsenic for NMOS, ultra shallow junctions were achieved as well. However, as also seen for other junction fabrication schemes, low dopant activation level and active dose (in the range of 1--4 × 1013 cm− 2) were observed although dopant concentration versus depth profiles indicate that the dopant atoms were properly driven into the substrate during the anneal step. The electrical deactivation of a large part of the in-diffused dopants was responsible for the high sheet resistance values. [less ▲]

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See detailEstimates of genetic parameters among body condition score and fertility traits in first-parity Canadian cows
Bastin, Catherine ULg; Loker, Sarah; Gengler, Nicolas ULg et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (2009), 92 - E-Suppl 1

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See detailLe BCS, une méthode simple à la source de conseils variés : ration, repro et santé
Laloux, Laurent; Bastin, Catherine ULg; Gillon, Alain ULg et al

in 14ième Carrefour des Productions animales: Les filières bovines dans la tourmente, Produire plus et mieux avec moins: Gembloux, le 11 février 2009 (2009)

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See detailLes commaunautés d'oiseaux locales dans les mosaïques de végétation du sud du Bénin
Lougbégnon, Olou Toussaint; Codjia, J.T.C; Libois, Roland ULg

in Annales des Sciences Agronomiques du Bénin (2009), 12(1), 85-114

We analysed the spatial frequencies of birds and their distributions across three types of habitats (forests, plantations and various fallows) in the vegetation mosaic in the south of Benin from a total ... [more ▼]

We analysed the spatial frequencies of birds and their distributions across three types of habitats (forests, plantations and various fallows) in the vegetation mosaic in the south of Benin from a total of 45 monitoring stations. 167 species belonging to 40 families were inventoried, the forest having 153 species and fallows and plantations having each 99 species. The similarity index of Jaccard showed 44.0% affinity between forests and flantations, 43.1% between forest and fallows, and 75.5% between forest and fallows. The analysis in main composent and ascending hierachical classification identified three local bird communities, namely for forests, plantations and fallows, ubiquitous in three areas and, respectively, aligned according to their need for intact forest or their propensity to tolerate changes in vegetation/ deforstation. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Avestan manuscript B3 (Yasna Sade [with the two Sirozas]) of the Bombay University Library
Ferrer-Losilla, Joan Josep ULg

Book published by Avestan Digital Archive (2009)

Digital publication and indexation of the Avestan manuscript B3 of the Bombay University Library, containing the text of a Yasna-Sade ceremony.

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See detailThe Avestan manuscript FK1_G106 (Videvdad Sade) of the First Dastur Meherji-rana Library of Navsari
Ferrer-Losilla, Joan Josep ULg

Book published by Avestan Digital Archive (2009)

Digital publication and indexation of the Avestan manuscript FK1 of the First Dastoor Meherji-Rana Library of Nawsari, containing the text of Widewdad-Sade.

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See detailThe Avestan manuscript G42_G112 (Videvdad Sade) of the First Dastur Meherji-rana Library of Navsari
Ferrer-Losilla, Joan Josep ULg

Book published by Avestan Digital Archive (2009)

Digital publication and indexation of the Avestan manuscript G112 of the First Dastoor Meherji-Rana Library of Nawsari, containing the text of Widewdad-Sade.

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)