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See detailAccords d’échange d’informations et fédérations d’entreprises – Grands principes d’analyse en droit de la concurrence
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in LAMBRECHT, Philippe; GHEUR, Charles (Eds.) Les fédérations d'entreprises et les règles de concurrence (2009)

A l'heure de l'alourdissement des risques générés par le non-respect du droit de la concurrence, il est crucial que les fédérations sachent distinguer l'échange d'informations licite de l'échange illicite ... [more ▼]

A l'heure de l'alourdissement des risques générés par le non-respect du droit de la concurrence, il est crucial que les fédérations sachent distinguer l'échange d'informations licite de l'échange illicite et puissent remédier en temps utile à tout risque de violation du droit. Pour les y aider, la présente étude tente de définir une méthode permettant de trier les bons et mauvais accords d'échange d'informations. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom hard to soft enforcement of EC Competition Law
Petit, Nicolas ULg; Rato, Miguel

Book published by Bruylant (2009)

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See detailLa fin de la récréation pour l'opérateur historique? Annotation de la décision du Conseil de la concurrence dans l'affaire Belgacom/Scarlet, 7 novembre 2008
Petit, Nicolas ULg; Daems, Ief

in revue de la concurrence belge (2009), (3),

Le Conseil belge de la concurrence a décidé de subordonner l'autorisation de la concentration entre Belgacom et Scarlet à la mise en oeuvre de diverses mesures correctives structurelles et ... [more ▼]

Le Conseil belge de la concurrence a décidé de subordonner l'autorisation de la concentration entre Belgacom et Scarlet à la mise en oeuvre de diverses mesures correctives structurelles et comportementales. [less ▲]

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See detailAsthme aigu grave: une affection qui demeure redoutable.
D'Orio, Virginie ULg; Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg; Lambermont, Bernard ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009), 64(7-8), 377-81

Severe exacerbations of asthma can be life-threatening if not aggressively treated. Despite the publication of therapeutic guidelines developed by experts in this field and people education programs ... [more ▼]

Severe exacerbations of asthma can be life-threatening if not aggressively treated. Despite the publication of therapeutic guidelines developed by experts in this field and people education programs, early recognition and characterization of patients at risk for fatal asthma remain scarce. We report the case of a young lady suffering from acute exacerbation of asthma responsible for intensive care admission with long term mechanical ventilation due to the lack in initial appropriate care. [less ▲]

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See detailInvasions biologiques: un peu de vocabulaire
Jacquemart, Anne-Laure; Vervoort, Arnaud; Lhoir, P. et al

in Silva Belgica (2009)

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See detailAtomic structure calculations and Beam-foil observations of La IV
Biémont, Emile ULg; Clar, M.; Enzonga Yoca, S. et al

in Canadian Journal of Physics (2009), 87

Relativistic Hartree–Fock and multiconfigurational Dirac–Fock calculations of atomic structure and transition rates have been carried out in trebly ionized lanthanum (La3+, Z = 57). The calculations have ... [more ▼]

Relativistic Hartree–Fock and multiconfigurational Dirac–Fock calculations of atomic structure and transition rates have been carried out in trebly ionized lanthanum (La3+, Z = 57). The calculations have to cope with configuration interaction effects but also with the very complex situation of the collapse of the 4f wave function. The calculations are compared to experimental data obtained with beam-foil spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet, at ion energies that favour <br />the production of the spectrum La IV. Besides lines known from sliding spark discharges, many more lines are observed that have not yet been identified. Time-resolved measurements yield three level lifetimes in La IV that agree roughly with the results of our own calculations. [less ▲]

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See detailCaractérisation physique, chimique et microbiologique de trois sols acides tropicaux du Rwanda sous jachères naturelles et contraintes à leur productivité
Culot, Marc ULg; Mbonigaba Muhinda, Jean-Jacques; Nzeyimana, Innocent et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2009), 13(4), 545-558

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See detailGerminal centre innervation of bovine and human tonsils related to prion diseases.
Defaweux, Valérie ULg; Dorban, Gauthier; Antoine, Nadine ULg et al

in Brain, Behavior & Immunity (2009), 23(1), 10

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See detailStructural investigation of solidification and heat treatments influence on High Alloyed Cast Irons Grades with Nb-V-Ti Additions
Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Tchuindjang, Jérôme Tchoufack ULg

in Defects and diffusion forum (2009), 289-292

Two High Alloyed Cast Irons (HACI) were studied, both belonging to the Fe-C-Cr-Si-X system where X was represented by Mo, Nb, Ti or V. One alloy was obtained after adding Nb, V and Ti to the chemical ... [more ▼]

Two High Alloyed Cast Irons (HACI) were studied, both belonging to the Fe-C-Cr-Si-X system where X was represented by Mo, Nb, Ti or V. One alloy was obtained after adding Nb, V and Ti to the chemical composition of the other alloy. Raw materials originated from spun cast rolls for hot strip mill were submitted to different heat treatments routes such as double tempering or quenching, in order to study the influence of alloying elements on the microstructure. Both HACI grades contained a mixture of martensite and retained austenite matrix in the as-cast conditions and after quenching. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) was carried out on the heat treated samples in order to determine the phase transformations occurring during re-melting and subsequent solidification sequence. Retained austenite found in the as-quenched HACI without Nb, V and Ti additions exhibited an enhanced stability as confirmed by DTA tests. Various type of martensite were found at the end of heat treatments routes, each having a possible influence on the material behavior while performing re-heating prior to re-austenitisation. Bulky Nb-rich MC carbides precipitating at the beginning of the solidification process strongly influence the nature and the rate of the subsequent phase transformations, particularly for HACI grade with Nb, V and Ti additions. Such NbC carbides were also found to segregate during spin casting process. Quantitative metallography was done to determine graphite, MC carbides, cementite and matrix volume fraction in HACI studied grades. [less ▲]

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See detailChapitre IV: La politique fiscale et budgétaire
Jurion, Bernard ULg

in Beaufays, Jean; Matagne, Geoffroy (Eds.) La Belgique en mutation. Systèmes politiques et politiques publiques (1968-2008) (2009)

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See detailFondamenti di un approccio Europeo all'impresa sociale
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

in Laville, Jean-Louis; La Rosa, Michele (Eds.) Impresa sociale e capitalismo contemporaneo (2009)

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See detailConcepts and Realities of Social Enterprise: A European Perspective
Defourny, Jacques ULg

in Collegium (2009), (Spring), 73-98

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See detailLe fédéralisme et ses deux sens – négatifs – en Belgique francophone
Reuchamps, Min ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2009), 54(4), 527-540

For the last fifteen years, Belgium has experienced officially federalism. Federalism, federation, federal state and federal entities, federal government or system federal are all concepts that are often ... [more ▼]

For the last fifteen years, Belgium has experienced officially federalism. Federalism, federation, federal state and federal entities, federal government or system federal are all concepts that are often used but whose definition is not always clear. The aim of the article is twofold: one the one hand, this article offers a definition of all these terms and, on the other hand, it explores the understanding of federalism by francophone Belgian citizens. [less ▲]

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See detailEquivalence of item difficulties across national versions of the PIRLS and PISA reading assessements
Grisay, Aletta; Gonzalez, E.; Monseur, Christian ULg

in IERI (2009), 2

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See detailSociabilités et réseaux littéraires au sein du sous-champ belge francophone de l’entre-deux-guerres
Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg

in Histoire & Mesure (2009), XXIV(1), 43-72

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See detailUnité et diversité du fédéralisme américain
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

in Fédéralisme - Régionalisme (2009), 9(1),

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See detailWashington et l’Etat fédéral au cœur du populisme américain
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

in Fédéralisme - Régionalisme (2009), 9(1),

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See detailA new easy method for specific measurement of active myeloperoxidase in human biological fluids and tissue extracts
Franck, Thierry ULg; Kohnen, Stephan; Zouaoui Boudjeltia, Karim et al

in Talanta (2009), 80

The SIEFED (“Specific Immunological Extraction Followed by Enzymatic Detection”) method already developed for the specific detection of the activity of equine myeloperoxidase (MPO) was adapted for the ... [more ▼]

The SIEFED (“Specific Immunological Extraction Followed by Enzymatic Detection”) method already developed for the specific detection of the activity of equine myeloperoxidase (MPO) was adapted for the specific measurement of active human MPO in biological fluids or tissue extracts. [less ▲]

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See detailPathologies sociales de la communication
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Questions de Communication (2009), 15

De la communication, souligner non les vertus, mais les vices ; examiner, au titre de ses pathologies - et plus spécialement de ses pathologies sociales -, non les biais dont elle peut faire l'objet, mais ... [more ▼]

De la communication, souligner non les vertus, mais les vices ; examiner, au titre de ses pathologies - et plus spécialement de ses pathologies sociales -, non les biais dont elle peut faire l'objet, mais ceux à la source desquels il arrive qu'elle se trouve ; l'envisager, non comme facteur de prévention ou de résorption de ces pathologies, mais plutôt comme leur éventuel vecteur d'aggravation circulaire, voilà comment pourrait être résumé à grands traits le propos du dossier ouvert dans la présente livraison de Questions de communication. Programme exorbitant : quelques articles réunis pour la cause ne sauraient épuiser ni même baliser avec précision une problématique pouvant aller, de façon très reçue, des phénomènes d'addiction électronique et des syndromes de déréalisation ou d'isolement induits par les technologies du virtuel aux dispositifs de propagande et autres techniques de lissage des différends politiques ou sociaux. Programme qui n'en paraîtra pas moins incongru au regard des conceptions enchantées de la communication et de la doxa qui l'institue non seulement en principe actif de la vie sociale en général, mais encore en ressource de première nécessité et en valeur indiscutable. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Magical Number Seven and the Early Romance Poetry
Valenti, Gianluca ULg

in Cognitive Philology (2009), 2

Our capacity to perceive and memorize information is limited to approximately seven (plus or minus two) elements. An element can be defined either as a single bit or as a coherent sequence of organized ... [more ▼]

Our capacity to perceive and memorize information is limited to approximately seven (plus or minus two) elements. An element can be defined either as a single bit or as a coherent sequence of organized bits. This article hypothesizes that, even without explicit theorization, such a rule was working on the earliest writers who first handled accentual prosody, i.e. the 12th and 13th century European poets. In their poetry, one can note a general trend to move towards a “seven-unit disposition” of syllables, verses and strophes. Another evidence of my hypothesis is shown by the greater prevalence rate of this disposition in orally-spread poems than in written ones. [less ▲]

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