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See detailGradual changes in the sensitivity to the stimulant and sedative effects of ethanol during adolescence in Swiss mice
Quoilin, Caroline ULiege; Didone, Vincent ULiege; Quertemont, Etienne ULiege

in Alcoholism, Clinical & Experimental Research (2010), 34(8), 97-97

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See detailComment j'EXPLORE ... un hypogonadisme hypogonadotrope congenital isole
Valdes-Socin, H.; Debray, François-Guillaume ULiege; Parent, Anne-Simone ULiege et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(11), 634-41

Congenital Isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CIHH) is caused by an inherited mechanism of impairment of the pituitary-gonadal axis, interfering with gonads' control. Currently, different forms of ... [more ▼]

Congenital Isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CIHH) is caused by an inherited mechanism of impairment of the pituitary-gonadal axis, interfering with gonads' control. Currently, different forms of HHCI with (Kallmann syndrome or KS) or without anosmia-hyposmia are known. There are six forms of KS already described but in several cases no genetic mutation is found. The genetic anomalies already described are: KAL1 (locus Xp23) coding for anosmine-1, KAL-2 or FGFRI (8p11. locus 2 - p11.1) coding for Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 1 (FGFR1), KAL4 or PROk2 (locus 3p21.1) and KAL3 or ProKR2 (locus 20p13) coding respectively for the Prokinecitin-2 and its receptor, KAL5 or CHD7 (locus_8q12.1) coding for a chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein-7 gene (CHD7) and lastly KAL6 or FGF8 (10Q 24 loci) coding for Fibroblast Growth Factor 8. The other genetic anomalies without anosmia are less frequent. These are associated either with Gnrhl gene (8p2-11. 2), GnRHR (4q21.2), GPR54 (19p13),TAC3R or neurokinine receptor 3 (4 q 25), LH (19q13.32) or FSH (11p13). The isolated congenital hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism phenotype is variable depending on gender, the importance of the deficit, and ultimately, according to a specific regulatory mechanism of the axis, affected by an inherited genetic anomaly. In this review, we describe the essential aspects of the different phenotypes and genotypes of HHCI, in order to assess clinicians an early disease's diagnosis and management. [less ▲]

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See detailPoultry supply chains and challenge facing the poultry smallholders in Hanoi suburban
Phan Dang, Thang; Duquesne, Brigitte ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege et al

in Vietnam’s Socio-Economic Development : a Social Science Review (2010), September 2010(63), 64-80

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See detailJan Gossart (d'après), "La Vierge à l'Enfant aux cerises"
Falque, Ingrid ULiege

in Jacques Toussaint (Ed.) Dialogue avec l'invisible. L'art aux sources de l'Europe. Œuvres d'exception issues de la communauté française de Belgique (VIIIe-XVIIe siècle) (2010)

Notice du catalogue de l'exposition "Dialogue avec l'invisible", dédiée à une "Vierge à l'Enfant" conservée à Bastogne et anciennement attribuée à Jan Gossart.

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See detailGeochemical evidence (C, N and Pb isotopes) of recent anthropogenic impact in south-central Chile from two environmentally distinct lake sediment records
Fagel, Nathalie ULiege; Bertrand, Sebastien; Mattielli, Nadine et al

in Journal of Quaternary Science (2010), 25(7), 1100-1112

In this paper, we compare the elemental and isotopic (C, N, Pb) geochemistry of lake sediments from two contrasted environments in south-central Chile. The first lake, Laguna Chica de San Pedro (LCSP), is ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we compare the elemental and isotopic (C, N, Pb) geochemistry of lake sediments from two contrasted environments in south-central Chile. The first lake, Laguna Chica de San Pedro (LCSP), is situated in the urbanised area of the Biobio Region (36°S). The second lake, Lago Puyehue (40° S), is located 400 km to the southeast of LCSP and within an Andean national park. Our aim is to identify environmental impacts associated with increasing industrial activities and land degradation during the last 150 a. In LCSP, shifts in C/N atomic ratios, 13C and 15N from 1915-1937 to the late 1980s are attributed to successive land degradation episodes in the lake watershed. Based on a Pb isotopic mixing model, we estimate that up to 20% of lead in LCSP sediments is supplied from urban atmospheric pollution. By contrast, human impact in the watershed of Lago Puyehue is very limited. We observe no change in organic geochemistry during the last 150 a and lead contamination remains lower than 5%, even during the last decades. Although contamination levels are much higher in LCSP than in Lago Puyehue, a peak in anthropogenic Pb is recorded during the same period (1974-1976) at both sites. This maximum contamination level is consistent with increased industrial activity in the vicinity of Concepción. [less ▲]

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See detailHouseholds' net income and food consumption in the context of the current financial crisis (a case study in Hanoi suburban)
Vu Dinh, Ton; Phan Dang, Thang; Duquesne, Brigitte ULiege et al

in Vietnam’s Socio-Economic Development : a Social Science Review (2010), March 2010(61), 69-80

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See detailEvidence for significant overlap between common risk variants for Crohn's disease and ankylosing spondylitis.
Laukens, Debby; Georges, Michel ULiege; Libioulle, Cécile ULiege et al

in PLoS ONE (2010), 5(11), 13795

BACKGROUND: A multicenter genome-wide association scan for Crohn's Disease (CD) has recently reported 40 CD susceptibility loci, including 29 novel ones (19 significant and 10 putative). To gain insight ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: A multicenter genome-wide association scan for Crohn's Disease (CD) has recently reported 40 CD susceptibility loci, including 29 novel ones (19 significant and 10 putative). To gain insight into the genetic overlap between CD and ankylosing spondylitis (AS), these markers were tested for association in AS patients. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Two previously established associations, namely with the MHC and IL23R loci, were confirmed. In addition, rs2872507, which maps to a locus associated with asthma and influences the expression of the ORMDL3 gene in lymphoblastoid cells, showed a significant association with AS (p = 0.03). In gut biopsies of AS and CD patients, ORMDL3 expression was not significantly different from controls and no correlation was found with the rs2872507 genotype (Spearman's rho: -0.067). The distribution of p-values for the remaining 36 SNPs was significantly skewed towards low p-values unless the top 5 ranked SNPs (ORMDL3, NKX2-3, PTPN2, ICOSLG and MST1) were excluded from the analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Association analysis using risk variants for CD led to the identification of a new risk variant associated with AS (ORMDL3), underscoring a role for ER stress in AS. In addition, two known and five potentially relevant associations were detected, contributing to common susceptibility of CD and AS. [less ▲]

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See detailClusters formation in Eisenia fetida (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae)
Zirbes, Lara ULiege; Deneubourg, Jean-Louis; Brostaux, Yves ULiege et al

in 17th Benelux Congress of Zoology Classic Biology in Modern Times (2010)

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See detailLes règles du jeu dans la résolution des conflits judiciaires internationaux : le juge, interprète ou créateur du droit coutumier ?
Braillon, Charlotte ULiege

in Wintgens, Sophie; Piet, Grégory (Eds.) Les conflits et l'analyse de leurs résolutions (2010)

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See detailAnatomie et identification des bois
Jourez, Benoît ULiege

Learning material (2010)

WOOD ANATOMY Anatomical structure of softwoods and hardwoods Structure of cell wall and submicroscopical structure Wood anatomy of tropical hardwood species Anatomical features leading to the ... [more ▼]

WOOD ANATOMY Anatomical structure of softwoods and hardwoods Structure of cell wall and submicroscopical structure Wood anatomy of tropical hardwood species Anatomical features leading to the identification of wooden species Heartwood and heartwood formation Abnormal structure (compression wood and tension wood) WOOD CHEMISTRY General composition Cellulose, hemicellulose, lignine and secondary components. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of the Mechanism of the Coal Analysis by Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Li, Jie ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2010)

The elemental composition of the coal is one of the necessary data for the thermal calculation and combustion adjustment of the boiler. The traditional coal analysis methods are usally off-line and ... [more ▼]

The elemental composition of the coal is one of the necessary data for the thermal calculation and combustion adjustment of the boiler. The traditional coal analysis methods are usally off-line and couldn’t offer the real-time data of the coal, so they couldn’t satisfy the needs of the combustion adjustment and accident analysis of the boiler and have a lot of limitations. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a new technology which can analyze the coal rapidly. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is a new technology which has the advantages of the quick and multi-elemental analysis, thus it can be applied for the coal analysis. The theoretical analysis and experimental research are used in the thesis, and they will provide the experimental basis and theoretical foundation for the coal analysis by LIBS. The current researches both at home and abroad of the applications of the LIBS technique on the coal-fired field are analyzed in this thesis, and the key problems of the current researches are summarized. The mechanism of the production and evolution of the plasma of the coal is very important. The amounts of the main elements which need to be measured of the coal are more than ten, and it is hard to achieve the multi-elemental analysis. On the other hand, the C, H and O elements are hard to excite and ionize, but the canlibration and quantitative analysis of them are most important. However, these contents are closely related to the practical application of the LIBS technique on the coal analysis. According to these key problems, a series of researches will be carried on in this thesis: The LIBS set-up for the coal analysis is established, and the typical Shenhua bituminous coal is chosen as the object. The time evolution process of the continuous spectrum and the atomic emission line of C I 247.9nm are analyzed, and the formation mechanisms of the spectral lines in each stages from the production to the annihilation of the plasma of the coal are discussed. Moreover, the difference of the evolution processes between the plasmas from the coal and the copper is compared, and the influence of the volatile in the coal to the plasma is discussed. These researches provide the experimental platform and theoretical basis for designing the coal analysis instrumentation by LIBS. The influence of the excitation and ionization property of the elements on the plasma is analyzed. The suitable delay time and gate width are selected for the purpose of the multi-elemental analysis of the coal by means of a series of experimental researches on the time evolution processes of different emission lines. The experiments on the coal are performed by changing the parameters including the laser energy, the lens focal plane position and the number of averages, and the influence of the parameters on the intensity and repeatability of the emission lines are analyzed. On this basis, the optimum parameters are determined. Four bituminous coals from different mines in China are checked by using the optimum parameters, and the result shows that the line intensities are strong and the reproducibilities are high. These researches supply the experimental foundation and technical parameters for designing the coal analysis instrumentation by LIBS. The C, H and O elements in the coal are closely related to the combustion, but the sensitivities of their emission lines are low and the results of the calibration curves are not good. In view of these problems, the atomic line of Si I 288.2nm is chosen as the internal standard line, and the internal standard curves of C I 247.9nm, H I 656.3nm and O I 777.4nm are obtained and the calibration results are good. Moreover, in order to avoid the disturbtion of the analysis of the O element from the air, the method of blowing the argon is used in this thesis. The result shows that the interference to the O element is inexistence and the line intensities of the coal are stronger when using the argon. It is found that the calibration results of the C, H and O elements in argon are better than in air. These researches provide the proper calibration method for the quantitative analysis of the C, H and O elements in the coal. The quantitative analysis is the final purpose of the LIBS technique that applied to the coal-fired field. The conventional quantitative analysis methods are analyzed. The quantitative analysis of the minor elements in the coal is completed by using the calibration curve method, and the result shows the accuracies are high. The quantitative analysis of the C, H and O elements in coal is finished by using the internal standard curve method, and the result shows the accuracies are just passable. The quantitative analysis of the C elment in the coal ash is accomplished by using the internal standard curve method too, and the result shows that the LIBS technique has the applicability for the measurement of the C elment in the coal ashes which come from different coal samples. These researches supply the database for designing the coal analysis instrumentation by LIBS. Finally, the research works in this thesis are summaried and some advices are given for the further research works. [less ▲]

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See detailDisability in Belgium: There is More than Meets the Eye
Jousten, Alain ULiege; Perelman, Sergio ULiege; Lefebvre, Mathieu ULiege

Report (2010)

The paper provides a perspective on the development of the Belgian disability insurance system. Using both survey and administrative data, it sketches a picture of the (changing) factors leading towards ... [more ▼]

The paper provides a perspective on the development of the Belgian disability insurance system. Using both survey and administrative data, it sketches a picture of the (changing) factors leading towards disability, as well as the outcomes in terms of program participation. The paper shows the key role of integrating other forms of early retirement programs into the analysis. The main findings are an unspectacular trend in the number of DI beneficiaries over time combined with a strong expansion of (early-) retirement schemes. [less ▲]

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See detailRecension: "DBFM: Meid van alle (PPS-)werk. DBFM: la bonne à tout faire en PPP?", par A. François, K. Leeus et A. Logghe
Kohl, Benoît ULiege

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2010)

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See detailDiarrhea and vomitting in a yorkshire terrier
Ramery, Eve ULiege; Papakonstantinou, Stratos; Pinilla, Manuel et al

Conference (2010)

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See detailTable ronde Assuétudes de la Communauté française : Synthèse de l'atelier "Alcool"
Vandoorne, Chantal ULiege

in Actes de la Table ronde "assuétudes" (2010)

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See detailTowards a European Consumer Construction Law?
Kohl, Benoît ULiege

in International Construction Law Review (2010), 27(2), 211-241

If European action is necessary for the unification of liabilities in the European construction industry, it may be wiser to commence Community action by focusing on the specific interests of private ... [more ▼]

If European action is necessary for the unification of liabilities in the European construction industry, it may be wiser to commence Community action by focusing on the specific interests of private consumers rather than seeking to develop a European Code covering all aspects of private construction law. The aim of this paper is to explain my preference for this focused approach and, by comparing the current state of the Law in England and in France, to establish the points of convergence that could constitute the basis of European intervention in that field. I will specifically deal with the differing approaches taken by both countries to identical social problems. In conclusion, I suggest a dual approach to harmonisation in the housing construction sector. After having fixed, in a European legislative instrument, the objectives of the substantive minimal protection that every consumer should be able to enjoy across Europe, Member States should be encouraged to provide self-regulatory bodies – or potentially even one international self-regulatory body at the European level - for the attainment of these objectives. This “co-regulation” mechanism, applied to my comparative study of French and English consumer protection in the housing sector, suggests that very few modifications at a national level in both countries would be required to meet the suggested harmonisation. [less ▲]

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See detailBelgique francophone. L'enfance de l'art
Delhalle, Nancy ULiege

in Ubu: scènes d'Europe = European stages (2010), 48/49

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