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See detailLe grand âge en droit médical : entre ombres et lumière
Genicot, Gilles ULg

in Georges, Frédéric (Ed.) Le droit des seniors. Aspects civils, sociaux et fiscaux (2010)

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See detailComment j'explore une masse cervicale chez l'enfant
Costa de Araujo, Pedro ULg; Battisti, Oreste ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65

The discovery of a cervical mass in a child suggests several possible diagnoses ranging from benign conditions to more severe pathologies, even cancer. Parents often worry and consult a physician when ... [more ▼]

The discovery of a cervical mass in a child suggests several possible diagnoses ranging from benign conditions to more severe pathologies, even cancer. Parents often worry and consult a physician when such a mass fails to regress after a few weeks. Palpation of small and solid lymph nodes is commonplace and generally trivial in children. A detailed clinical history and a careful examination often allow a distinction to be made between a benign and a serious condition. Additional tests are needed in case of doubt or in the prospect of reaching an precise aetiological diagnosis. These exams should be selected according to a decision algorithm. The investigation remains delicate. When the physician is convinced of the benign nature of the lymphadenopathy, there is no real need to identify the aetiology with the greatest precision, especially in acute cases with bilateral nodes that are commonly benign and spontaneously resolve. [less ▲]

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See detailCerebral folate deficiency and CNS inflammatory markers in Alpers disease.
Hasselmann, Oswald; Blau, Nenad; RAMAEKERS, Vincent ULg et al

in Molecular Genetics & Metabolism (2010), 99(1), 58-61

We describe a 3.5-year-old female with Alpers disease with a POLG genotype of p.A467T/p.G848S and with a lethal outcome. Laboratory investigation revealed elevated CSF neopterin, IL-6, IL-8, IFN-gamma ... [more ▼]

We describe a 3.5-year-old female with Alpers disease with a POLG genotype of p.A467T/p.G848S and with a lethal outcome. Laboratory investigation revealed elevated CSF neopterin, IL-6, IL-8, IFN-gamma, reduced CSF 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5MTHF), and increased serum as well as CSF folate receptor blocking autoantibodies. Treatment with oral Leucovorine (5-formyl-tetrahydrofolate) was initiated at 0.25mg/kg bid, and later increased to 4mg/kg bid. Under treatment CSF levels of 5MTHF, seizure frequency and communicative abilities improved. Over a time span of 17months, CSF levels of IL-6 and IFN-gamma decreased, levels of folate receptor blocking autoantibodies continued to raise, whereas CSF IL-8 remained elevated 1500-fold above normal. The child died without apparent stress at the age of 5.5years. Alpers disease, a neurodegenerative disease usually presents in the first years of life as a progressive encephalopathy with multifocal myoclonic seizures, developmental regression, cortical blindness and early death. The underlying genetic defect has been attributed to mutations of the catalytic subunit of the mitochondrial DNA polymerase-gamma leading to an organ-specific mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome with reduced activity of respiratory chain enzyme complexes in the brain and the liver. A curative therapy is not available. This case report of Alpers disease provides new insights into the pathophysiology of Alpers disease, where mitochondrial dysfunction in conjunction with inflammatory cytokines and blocking folate receptor autoantibodies may lead to a secondary cerebral folate deficiency syndrome. The treatment of the latter provides relief to the patient without stopping the underlying disease. [less ▲]

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See detailAlcoolisme et attribution d’intentions interpersonnelles sur base d’expressions faciales émotionnelles : Etude pilote
Dethier, Marie ULg; Volkova, Alessia; Neumann, Aurore et al

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2010), 15(3), 1-7

The ability to understand the emotional states of others is necessary in order to develop high quality interpersonal relationships. Alcohol-dependents (AD) display interpretative errors when decoding ... [more ▼]

The ability to understand the emotional states of others is necessary in order to develop high quality interpersonal relationships. Alcohol-dependents (AD) display interpretative errors when decoding emotional facial expressions (EFE). EFE communicate information not only regarding emotional states but also regarding interpersonal intentions. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether, exposed to EFE, AD differ from healthy individuals in attributions of interpersonal intentions of dominance and affiliation. The purpose of dominance is to control the environment and the purpose of affiliation is to maintain the relationship with the object. In the present study, twenty AD and 20 healthy subjects attributed intentions of dominance and affiliation to 12 faces portraying joy, anger or sadness. Results revealed that AD differ from healthy individual in attribution of dominance but not of affiliation. AD make mistakes when decoding expressed emotions. The present study suggests that, compared to healthy subjects, they also tend to anticipate, in a biased way, interpersonal intentions. [less ▲]

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See detailHet vrije lichaam in beeld
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Nollet, Lieven (Ed.) Geen schuld, wel straf (2010)

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See detailMontrer des corps... libres
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Nollet, Lieven (Ed.) Condamné, pas coupable (2010)

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See detailReference values of central blood pressure and pulse wave velocity in relations with 24 hours ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in Belgian normotensive young subjects
Saint-Remy, Annie ULg; Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

in Journal of Hypertension (2010), 28

The present study aimed to define reference values of central blood pressure (cBP) and Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV) together with 24H APPM in healththy normotensive young adults before starting a follow-up ... [more ▼]

The present study aimed to define reference values of central blood pressure (cBP) and Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV) together with 24H APPM in healththy normotensive young adults before starting a follow-up of their CV profile modifications over time. [less ▲]

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See detail1D numerical approach to model the flow over a piano key weir (PKW)
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Machiels, Olivier ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proc. Int. Conf. SimHydro 2010: Hydraulic modeling and uncertainty (2010)

Piano Key Weir (PKW) is a new type of weir showing appealing hydraulic capacities, in particular for low heads. However, its complex geometry, with a large set of parameters, makes difficult the ... [more ▼]

Piano Key Weir (PKW) is a new type of weir showing appealing hydraulic capacities, in particular for low heads. However, its complex geometry, with a large set of parameters, makes difficult the understanding of the flow features and consequently the definition of an optimal design. In this paper, we investigate how a 1D numerical approach can predict the flow over a PKW and thus help in identifying the most relevant geometric parameters. After a detailed description of the numerical model, a comparison of the numerical results with experimental data is realized, showing promising results. [less ▲]

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See detailLa circulation des personnes dans et vers l'Union européenne
Carlier, Jean-Yves ULg

in Journal de Droit Européen [=JDE] (2010)

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See detailImportance of pigtailed macaques (Macaca nemestrina leonina) in seed dispersal: impact on the ecological balance of the tropical rainforest at Khao Yai National Park, Thailand
Albert, Aurélie ULg; Huynen, Marie-Claude ULg; Savini, Tommaso ULg

Poster (2010)

Today, many countries of South-East Asia know about the alarming state of the forests existing on their territory and all agree that it is essential to save the remaining primary forest but also to enable ... [more ▼]

Today, many countries of South-East Asia know about the alarming state of the forests existing on their territory and all agree that it is essential to save the remaining primary forest but also to enable the regeneration of degraded areas, through natural or artificial reforestation. The conservation of tropical rainforests thus passes by the necessity to better understand the plant-animal interactions, and in particular, the seed dispersal process. While following a troop of pigtailed macaques (Macaca nemestrina leonina) accustomed to Man in Khao Yai National park (2 168 km ²), Thailand, we will bring important data relating to these seed dispersers potentially necessary but unfortunately vulnerable. Indeed, this vulnerable but little known species, seems to be essential to maintain forest diversity by dispersing many plant species, particularly those inaccessible to smaller frugivores. First results already show that they disperse many seed species, of all kind of size, in all forest types, from primary forest to secondary forest, thanks to various handling techniques. They also seem to show an adaptation in their daily travels according to resources availability. The next fieldworks will enable us to bring more precision in these results and their temporal variations and thus to conclude on the potential role of Macaca nemestrina in the tropical rainforest regeneration. [less ▲]

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See detailProblematic of the Pelagia noctiluca outbreaks in the Bay of Calvi (Corsica)
Hecq, Jean-Henri ULg; Goffart, Anne ULg; Collignon, Amandine ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 39th CIESM Congress (2010)

The interannual variations of the Schyphozoan jellyfish Pelagia noctiluca is estimated by weekly measurements in the Bay of Calvi (Corsica) from 2003. The mean annual abundance reaches a dramatic maximum ... [more ▼]

The interannual variations of the Schyphozoan jellyfish Pelagia noctiluca is estimated by weekly measurements in the Bay of Calvi (Corsica) from 2003. The mean annual abundance reaches a dramatic maximum in 2006. The medusae appear by migration of active swarms on the shelf and at the external limit of the Bay. Degraded individuals drift as passive swarms, throughout inner side of the Bay and embayments. [less ▲]

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See detailExploring the Diversity of Fair Trade Social Enterprises
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg; Defourny, Jacques ULg

E-print/Working paper (2010)

Fair trade (FT) organisations have been quite early taken as examples of social enterprises (SE) and have contributed to the shaping of the SE concept. The goal of this article is to examine more deeply ... [more ▼]

Fair trade (FT) organisations have been quite early taken as examples of social enterprises (SE) and have contributed to the shaping of the SE concept. The goal of this article is to examine more deeply, both at a conceptual and at an empirical level, to what extent FT organisations can be considered as social enterprises. First, we introduce different theoretical frameworks of SE and examine FT in the context of each of these frameworks. In a second step, we use an empirical study on fair trade social enterprises (FTSEs) across four European countries to illustrate and deepen the links between FT and SE, focusing on the goals and the governance structures of FTSEs. It appears that all FTSEs combine in some way economic, social and sometimes also political goals. FTSEs are thus in line with the "hybrid-goal" nature of SEs. FTSEs' governance is also quite specific and often innovative in terms of organisational architecture and stakeholders' involvement. Some FTSEs are closer to the European – participatory – approach of social enterprise, while others are closer to US – individual – approaches. Finally, the governance structures of FTSEs seem to reflect quite well their goal mix. This article provides a more solid basis for the often implicit link between FT and SE. Future researches could use our work to explore specific topics of the SE literature (e.g. stakeholders' involvement) in the context of FT. The FT example could also be used to examine further the shifting boundaries of the SE reality. The originality of this article is to apply the SE concept to a specific field and to show how, within this field, there is at the same time (1) a diversity of organisations, reflecting the diversity of SE approaches and (2) a range of specific features (especially in terms of goal mix and governance) distinguishing SEs from other types of organisations operating in the same field. [less ▲]

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See detailBoard certified physicians in health informatics
ROGER FRANCE, FRANCIS; BEGUIN, CLAIRE; MELOT, CHRISTIAN et al

in Swiss Medical Informatics [=SMI] (2010), 70

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See detailImages de l'Univers, l'Univers en images
Nazé, Yaël ULg

in Visible (2010), 6

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See detailTyping of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from milk of cows with subclinical mastitis in Dakar, Senegal
Kadja, M. C.; Kpodekon, M.; Kane, Y. et al

in Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa = Bulletin des Santé et Production Animales en Afrique (2010), 58

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See detailFormer des enseignants francophones pour de nouveaux publics
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

in Cadet-Joseph, Lucile; Pellegrini, Florence (Eds.) Situation et perspectives d'évolution des départements d'études française des universités européennes (2010)

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