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See detailAbout the Photoionization of Methyl Chloride. A Threshold Photoelectron Spectroscopic and Photoionization Mass Spectrometric investigation.
Locht, Robert ULg; Leyh, Bernard ULg; Hoxha, A. et al

in Chemical Physics (2001), 272

The threshold photoelectron spectroscopic (TPES) and the photoionization mass spectrometric (PIMS) study of Methyl Chloride (CH3Cl) in the 8-20 eV photon energy is presented. The interpretation and ... [more ▼]

The threshold photoelectron spectroscopic (TPES) and the photoionization mass spectrometric (PIMS) study of Methyl Chloride (CH3Cl) in the 8-20 eV photon energy is presented. The interpretation and assignments are supported by ab initio calculations. The detailed analysis of the TPES shows numerous features in the Jahn-Teller split ground X2E(2A'-2A") state of CH3Cl+ and a new continuus band peaking at 13.4 eV. These were assigned to both direct ionization and autoionizing transitions. The transitions to the A2A1 and to the B2E states undergo a large enhancement ascribed to important autoionizing contributions. Based on the present calculations, the weak to very weak signals in the 19-26 eV photon energy range were mainly assigned to 2a1-1 ionization and to double excitations described essentially by 2e-2, 4a11 and 1e-1, 2e-1, 4a11 configurations. The PIMS study allowed us to investigate in detail the ionization and dissociation of CH3Cl+ into CH2+, CH3+, CHCl+ and CH2Cl+ from threshold up to 20 eV photon energy. At the onset, the CH3+, CHCl+ and CH2Cl+ fragment ion production is correlated to the ground state of CH3Cl+ and all fragment ions have to appear through dissociative autoionization from the 2e->3p Rydberg state. This interpretation is supported by the photoabsorption spectrum (PAS) measured recently in the same photon energy range. At higher energies, beside direct dissociation of the A2A1 and B2E states of CH3Cl+ autoionization also contributes to the fragmentation in all decay channels. For CH3+ the photoion-pair process is analyzed and detailed assignments are proposed on the basis of recent PAS data. [less ▲]

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See detailDu mode de définition de deux programmes de recherche en sociologie et en ethnométhodologie
Lejeune, Christophe ULg

in Carnets de Bord (2001), 2

Cet article examine la fondation de deux programmes scientifiques via l’étude de leur bibliographie, des traductions qu’ils opèrent et de leur définition de la mauvaise façon de faire science: leur ... [more ▼]

Cet article examine la fondation de deux programmes scientifiques via l’étude de leur bibliographie, des traductions qu’ils opèrent et de leur définition de la mauvaise façon de faire science: leur pathologie. Dans le « métier de sociologue », la cohérence entre l’importation bachelardienne de la rupture épistémologique et la sociologie critique permet de réaffirmer les dangers du substantialisme. L’ethnométhodologie s’offre quant à elle la sociologie comme pathologie. Elle traduit de manière singulière les règles de méthodes de Durkheim et Parsons en phénomènes ordinaires observables et descriptibles. L’analyse de l’opération concrète de fondation des principes de méthode de ces programmes de recherche sociologique offre une occasion d’envisager différemment le rapport de l’action à son contexte, de la sociologie à son objet, de la connaissance scientifique à la connaissance ordinaire. [less ▲]

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See detailPiaget e Skinner : opposizioni e convergenze
Richelle, Marc ULg

in Età Evolutiva (2001), 70

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See detailLate Miocene vegetation reconstruction with the CARAIB model
François, Louis ULg; Otto, Dominique; Fluteau, Frédéric et al

Conference (2001)

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See detailPhylogenetic relationships among the cyanobacteria based on 16S rRNA sequences
Wilmotte, Annick ULg; Herdman, Michael

in Garrity, George M; Castenholz, Richard W (Eds.) Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. Volume One : The Archaea and the Deeply Branching and Phototrophic Bacteria (2001)

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See detailThe Vacuum UV Photoabsorption Spectrum of Methyl Chloride (CH3Cl) and its perdeuterated Isotopomer CD3Cl. I. A Rydberg Series Analysis.
Locht, Robert ULg; Leyh, Bernard ULg; Hoxha, A. et al

in Chemical Physics (2001), 272

The vacuum UV photoabsorption spectrum of CH3Cl has been recorded between 6 and 25 eV. A large number of vibronic bands are observed. These were partly ascribed to vibrationless Rydberg transitions. In ... [more ▼]

The vacuum UV photoabsorption spectrum of CH3Cl has been recorded between 6 and 25 eV. A large number of vibronic bands are observed. These were partly ascribed to vibrationless Rydberg transitions. In the higher energy range of 12-25 eV very weak diffuse bands are mostly assigned to transitions from the 3a1, 1e and 2a1 to 3s orbitals. In the 6-12 eV photon energy range, numerous weak to strong bands are observed. The sharpness of the features is very variable over the entire spectral region. In a first step, the interpretation of the spectrum and the assignment of the Rydberg transitions is based on the simple Rydberg formula. The observed features are classified in two groups of four series, each converging to one of the two spin-orbit components of the X2E state of CH3Cl+. Rydberg series of nsa1 (delta=1.069 and 1.064), npa1 (delta= 0.68 and 0.66), npe (delta= 0.438 and 0.427) and nd (delta= -0.040 and -0.092) characters are observed. The same measurements have been made for the first time on CD3Cl in the 6-12 eV photon energy range. The same Rydberg transitions are observed. Analogous series are characterized by about the same delta values: nsa1 (delta= 1.038 and 0.968), npa1 (delta= 0.65 and 0.61), npe (delta= 0.458 and 0.462) and nd (delta= -0.004 and -0.082). Ionization energies for CD3Cl X2E3/2 at 11.320 eV and X2E1/2 at 11.346 eV are deduced. In a second step, we fitted the experimental data for the nsa1 and npa1 states to an energy expression taking into account both the exchange interaction and the spin-orbit coupling. This accounts for the progressive switching from Hund's case (a) to Hund's case (c). [less ▲]

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See detailPolyploid formation in cotton is not accompanied by rapid genomic changes
Liu, B.; Brubaker, Cl.; Mergeai, Guy ULg et al

in Genome (2001), 44(3), 321-330

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See detailDonnées récentes sur la pathogenèse de l'infection à Microsporum canis chez les carnivores domestiques
Brouta, F.; Descamps, F.; Losson, Bertrand ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2001), 145

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See detailCulture of very young Phaseolus vulgaris L. pods and plantlet regeneration.
Geerts, P.; Toussaint, André ULg; Mergeai, Guy ULg et al

in Acta Horticulture 560 : Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on In Vitro Cultureand Horticultural Breeding (2001)

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See detailMISE EN EVIDENCE D’UN MECANISME BIOCHIMIQUE EMPECHANT LA CROISSANCE DE LA SOUCHE PSYCHROPHILE RHODOTORULA AURANTIACA A19 AUX TEMPERATURES MODEREES
Sabri, Ahmed ULg

Doctoral thesis (2001)

Les industries qui s’intéressent à la culture des micro organismes adaptés aux basses températures sont souvent confrontées à l’incapacité de ces derniers à se développer au delà de 20°C. Cette exigence ... [more ▼]

Les industries qui s’intéressent à la culture des micro organismes adaptés aux basses températures sont souvent confrontées à l’incapacité de ces derniers à se développer au delà de 20°C. Cette exigence thermique représente un des obstacles majeurs à leur utilisation à grande échelle. Bien que le phénomène puisse apparaître comme un paradoxe thermodynamique, peu d’études s’y sont réellement intéressées. Par ce travail, nous voudrions apporter une contribution à la compréhension des causes de l’inaptitude des micro-organismes psychrophiles à se développer aux températures modérées. Dans ce contexte, l’étude de la levure psychrophile Rhodotorula aurantiaca A19, choisie comme modèle pour ses caractéristiques technologiques, a été abordée sous différents aspects. Ainsi dans une première partie, nous avons évalué les effets néfastes de la croissance aux températures modérées à différents niveaux cellulaires tant physiologique que morphologique et moléculaire. Les analyses morphologiques nous ont incités à focaliser notre étude sur le métabolisme des acyl CoAs et sur le rôle de ces derniers dans l’inaptitude de R. aurantiaca A19 à se développer aux températures modérées. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte rendu de Frédéric Barbier, Histoire du livre
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Bulletin des Bibliothèques de France (2001), 46/4

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See detailBone resorption in post-menopausal women with normal and low BMD assessed with biochemical markers specific for telopeptide derived degradation products of collagen type I
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Henrotin, Yves ULg; Christiansen, C. et al

in Calcified Tissue International (2001), 69(3), 130-137

Biochemical markers of bone resorption can be used clinically to predict the risk of osteoporosis-related fractures (prognostic tool) and to assess the response of an osteoporotic patient to an ... [more ▼]

Biochemical markers of bone resorption can be used clinically to predict the risk of osteoporosis-related fractures (prognostic tool) and to assess the response of an osteoporotic patient to an antiresorptive therapy (monitoring tool). Our aim was to assess the ability of four currently marketed biochemical markers of bone resorption, based on the measurement of degradation products from collage type I telopeptides to monitor the elevated resorption associated with menopause. Women (846) were stratified for menopause, age, and bone mineral density and the following markers were measured: urinary cross-linked N-telopeptides of type I collagen (NTx), the levels of breakdown products of type I collagen C-telopeptides in serum (S-CTx), and in urine, by ELISA (U-CTx-E), and RIA (U-CTx-R). Furthermore, the ratio (a/b) between the aL form of CTx measured in the CTx RIA and the bL form measured in the ELISA was calculated. The mean difference was calculated for each marker in women with osteopenia (Op) or osteoporosis (PMO) (WHO definition) compared with healthy premenopausal (Pre) women and postmenopausal (N Post) women with normal bone mass. Serum CTx showed the highest elevation in post- compared with premenopausal women. All marker values were significantly higher in Op and PMO subjects compared with both Pre and to N Post women. Compared with premenopausal values, the largest elevation in both Op and PMO women was observed for serum CTx. Compared with N Post, urine NTx showed the highest increase in OP subjects. The a/b CTx ratio was elevated in post- compared with Pre women, but there was no difference in the ratio among N Post, Op, or PMO women. In conclusion, postmenopausal women showed elevated turnover with all bone resorption markers, but with substantial individual variation in resorption levels. Furthermore, the turnover process in postmenopausal women appears to be quantitatively different from the premenopausal stage, apparent as altered a/b CTx ratios. [less ▲]

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See detailPerspectives de vaccination anti-dermatophytique chez les carnivores domestiques
Descamps, F.; Brouta, F.; Losson, Bertrand ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2001), 145

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See detailReconnaissance mutuelle, double incrimination et territorialité
Flore, Daniel ULg

in La reconnaissance mutuelle des décisions judiciaires pénales dans l’Union européenne (2001)

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See detailPrésentation de la recherche sur le logement urbain wallon.
Frankignoulle, Pierre ULg; Dawance, Sophie ULg; Malherbe, Alain

in Les Cahiers de l'Urbanisme (2001), 37

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See detailLe portage asymptomatique de Microsporum canis chez le chat
Mignon, Bernard ULg; Brouta, F.; Descamps, F. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2001), 145

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See detailNews on antifungal drugs registered in Belgium for the treatment of dermatophytosis in domestic carnivores.
Hamoir, J.; Goret, M.; Mignon, Bernard ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2001), 145

This note gives a progress report on the various molecules registered in Belgium which can be used for the treatment of dermatophytosis in domestic carnivores. Its purpose is not to develop the ... [more ▼]

This note gives a progress report on the various molecules registered in Belgium which can be used for the treatment of dermatophytosis in domestic carnivores. Its purpose is not to develop the therapeutic protocols used in this type of diseases but rather to describe these compounds according to their pharmacological and toxicological characteristics as well as to define their status in the current legal framework. [less ▲]

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