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See detailLe premier cerf de Saint-Hubert
Donneau, Olivier ULg

in Bestiaire d’Ardenne : les animaux dans l’imaginaire des Gallo-Romains à nos jours (2006)

Concerning an Eight-Century manuscript from the library of the abbey of Saint-Hubert (Belgium) prohibiting the winter pagan rituals.

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See detailTowards a standard protocol for community-driven organizations of knowledge
Zhou, Chao; Lejeune, Christophe ULg; Bénel, Aurélien

in Ghodous, Parisa; Dieng, Rose; Loureiro, Geilson (Eds.) Leading the Web in Concurrent Engineering (2006)

This paper deals with the “Web 2.0”, where every user can contribute to the content, “harnessing collective intelligence”. After studying what makes the success of services like Google Base, Del.icio.us ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with the “Web 2.0”, where every user can contribute to the content, “harnessing collective intelligence”. After studying what makes the success of services like Google Base, Del.icio.us and the Open Directory Project, we propose a unifying “REST” protocol for this kind of community-driven organizations of knowledge. The aim is to make the collaboration possible beyond the boundaries of the software and of the resulting communities. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse structurale et syntagmatique des institutions politiques
Verjans, Pierre ULg

in Cahiers de Sciences Politiques de l'ULg (2006)

L'analyse d'un système politique peut s'effectuer à l'aide d'une grille d'analyse structurale croisant les idées, les communications d'un côté et les intérêts, les actions de l'autre, ces matrices donnant ... [more ▼]

L'analyse d'un système politique peut s'effectuer à l'aide d'une grille d'analyse structurale croisant les idées, les communications d'un côté et les intérêts, les actions de l'autre, ces matrices donnant forme à des institutions politiques. Dès lors, la question politique fondamentale devient celle de la succession plutôt que celle de l'opposition, autrement dit celle des glissements syntagmatiques plutôt que celle des affrontements paradigmatiques. [less ▲]

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See detailEvent-related brain potentials in psychopathology: Clinical and cognitive perspectives
Hansenne, Michel ULg

in Psychologica Belgica (2006), 46(1-2), 5-36

Since the discovery of the P300 component, a large number of studies have been conducted with the aim to find abnormalities of this psychophysiological marker among the main psychiatric disorders. The ... [more ▼]

Since the discovery of the P300 component, a large number of studies have been conducted with the aim to find abnormalities of this psychophysiological marker among the main psychiatric disorders. The first studies were very promising, but successive findings were rather controversial resulting in two main positions (the pros and the cons) as regard to the usefulness of P300 in clinical psychopathology. However, P300 studies provide interesting findings concerning information processing in psychopathology. Moreover, other Event-Related Potentials (ERPs), such as the Mismatch Negativity (MMN) and the Error-Related Negativity (ERN) are particularly interesting for the study of cognitive processes in psychopathology. In this review, the author will give an overview of the main findings of P300, MMN and ERN values in psychopathology from a clinical and a cognitive point of view. After a brief description of the rationale of ERPs, the findings in schizophrenia, depression, alcoholism, posttraumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder will be sequentially reviewed. The diagnostic usefulness of P300 in psychopathology is limited, but could be increased if variables known to influence P300 amplitude or latency are controlled. Doubtless, grouping two or more different ERP components would greatly improve the usefulness of the clinical applications of brain potentials. On the other hand, a growing number of studies have provided evidence of the relevance of ERPs to investigate cognitive processes in psychopathology. [less ▲]

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See detailPersonality traits modulate skin conductance response to emotional pictures: An investigation with Cloninger's model of personality
Mardaga, S.; Laloyaux, Olivier ULg; Hansenne, Michel ULg

in Personality & Individual Differences (2006), 40(8), 1603-1614

Several studies found strong relationships between main personality dimensions and emotions, and more particularly between neuroticism and negative emotions, as well as between extraversion and positive ... [more ▼]

Several studies found strong relationships between main personality dimensions and emotions, and more particularly between neuroticism and negative emotions, as well as between extraversion and positive ones. In these studies, personality was mainly assessed with respect to the big five model, and emotions were evaluated with subjective rating scales. To extend the exploration of the associations between personality and emotion, the aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between Cloninger's dimensions of personality and emotional reactivity assessed by skin conductance response (SCR). In 55 normal subjects, SCR was recorded while they were presented pictures selected as positive, negative and neutral from the International Affective Picture System. The results showed no influence of personality on response magnitude, but subjects with higher harm avoidance scores showed longer half-recovery times for negative relative to neutral pictures. This result is consistent with the dispositional bias of harm avoidance to respond intensely to signals of aversive stimuli. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLeaf carbohydrate controls over Arabidopsis growth and response to elevated CO2: an experimentally based model
Rasse, Daniel; Tocquin, Pierre ULg

in New Phytologist (2006), 172(3), 500-513

Transient starch production is thought to strongly control plant growth and response to elevated CO2. We tested this hypothesis with an experimentally based mechanistic model in Arabidopsis thaliana ... [more ▼]

Transient starch production is thought to strongly control plant growth and response to elevated CO2. We tested this hypothesis with an experimentally based mechanistic model in Arabidopsis thaliana. Experiments were conducted on wild-type (WT) A. thaliana, starch-excess (sex1) and starchless (pgm) mutants under ambient and elevated CO2 conditions to determine parameters and validate the model. The model correctly predicted that mutant growth is approx. 20% of that in WT, and the absolute response of both mutants to elevated CO2 is an order of magnitude lower than in WT. For sex1, direct starch unavailability explained the growth responses. For pgm, we demonstrated experimentally that maintenance respiration is proportional to leaf soluble sugar concentration, which gave the necessary feedback mechanism on modelled growth. Our study suggests that the effects of sugar-starch cycling on growth can be explained by simple allocation processes, and the maximum rate of leaf growth (sink capacity) exerts a strong control over the response to elevated CO2 of herbaceous plants such as A. thaliana. [less ▲]

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See detailAcclimation of Arabidopsis thaliana to long-term CO2 enrichment and nitrogen supply is basically a matter of growth rate adjustment
Tocquin, Pierre ULg; Ormenese, Sandra ULg; Pieltain, Alexandra ULg et al

in Physiologia Plantarum (2006), 128(4), 677-688

The long-term response of Arabidopsis thaliana to increasing CO2 was evaluated in plants grown in 800 mu l 1(-1) CO2 from sowing and maintained, in hydroponics, on three nitrogen supplies: "low," "medium ... [more ▼]

The long-term response of Arabidopsis thaliana to increasing CO2 was evaluated in plants grown in 800 mu l 1(-1) CO2 from sowing and maintained, in hydroponics, on three nitrogen supplies: "low," "medium" and "high." The global response to high CO2 and N-supply was evaluated by measuring growth parameters in parallel with photosynthetic activity, leaf carbohydrates, ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) messenger RNA and protein, stomatal conductance (g(s)) and density. CO2 enrichment was found to stimulate biomass production, whatever the N-supply. This stimulation was transient on low N-supply and persisted throughout the whole vegetative growth only in high N-supply. Acclimation on low N-high CO2 was not associated with carbohydrate accumulation or with a strong reduction in Rubisco amount or activity. At high N-supply, growth stimulation by high CO2 was mainly because of the acceleration of leaf production and expansion while other parameters such as specific leaf area, root/shoot ratio and g, appeared to be correlated with total leaf area. Our results thus suggest that, in strictly controlled and stable growing conditions, acclimation of A. thaliana to longterm CO2 enrichment is mostly controlled by growth rate adjustment. [less ▲]

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See detailTime series of the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (2001 2004) and preliminary inorganic carbon budget in the Scheldt plume (Belgian coast waters)
Schiettecatte, Laure-Sophie; Gazeau, Frédéric; Van der Zee, Claar et al

in Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (G3) (2006), 7(Q06009),

A 4-year time series (2001–2004) of the partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) and air-sea CO2 fluxes is reported in the Scheldt estuarine plume. This system is oversaturated in CO2 with respect to the atmosphere ... [more ▼]

A 4-year time series (2001–2004) of the partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) and air-sea CO2 fluxes is reported in the Scheldt estuarine plume. This system is oversaturated in CO2 with respect to the atmosphere, except during the spring phytoplanktonic bloom, and acts as a net source of CO2 to the atmosphere of 0.7 mol C m 2 yr 1 that represents 7 to 27% of the inner Scheldt estuary CO2 emission. Results also highlight that a high spatial and temporal coverage of the surface pCO2 in coastal ecosystems is crucial for reliable estimations of air-sea CO2 fluxes. The seasonal variations of pCO2 seem to be more dominated by biological activities (photosynthesis/respiration) than by temperature change. A stochiometrically linked C/P mass balance budget failed to provide net ecosystem production estimates consistent with the pCO2 dynamics in this area. It is hypothesized that this discrepancy is related to physiological characteristics of the dominant phytoplanktonic species (Phaeocystis sp.) within the studied area. On the basis of a preliminary dissolved inorganic carbon input/output budget, the annual emission of CO2 toward the atmosphere seems to be largely due to the outgassing of the inputs of CO2 from the inner Scheldt estuary, rather than due to organic carbon degradation. [less ▲]

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See detailCytosolic proteins regulate alpha-synuclein dissociation from presynaptic membranes.
Wislet-Gendebien, Sabine ULg; D'Souza, Cheryl; Kawarai, Toshitaka et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2006), 281(43), 32148-55

Intracellular accumulation of insoluble alpha-synuclein in Lewy bodies is a key neuropathological trait of Parkinson disease (PD). Neither the normal function of alpha-synuclein nor the biochemical ... [more ▼]

Intracellular accumulation of insoluble alpha-synuclein in Lewy bodies is a key neuropathological trait of Parkinson disease (PD). Neither the normal function of alpha-synuclein nor the biochemical mechanisms that cause its deposition are understood, although both are likely influenced by the interaction of alpha-synuclein with vesicular membranes, either for a physiological role in vesicular trafficking or as a pathological seeding mechanism that exacerbates the propensity of alpha-synuclein to self-assemble into fibrils. In addition to the alpha-helical form that is peripherally-attached to vesicles, a substantial portion of alpha-synuclein is freely diffusible in the cytoplasm. The mechanisms controlling alpha-synuclein exchange between these compartments are unknown and the possibility that chronic dysregulation of membrane-bound and soluble alpha-synuclein pools may contribute to Lewy body pathology led us to search for cellular factors that can regulate alpha-synuclein membrane interactions. Here we reveal that dissociation of membrane-bound alpha-synuclein is dependent on brain-specific cytosolic proteins and insensitive to calcium or metabolic energy. Two PD-linked mutations (A30P and A53T) significantly increase the cytosol-dependent alpha-synuclein off-rate but have no effect on cytosol-independent dissociation. These results reveal a novel mechanism by which cytosolic brain proteins modulate alpha-synuclein interactions with intracellular membranes. Importantly, our finding that alpha-synuclein dissociation is up-regulated by both familial PD mutations implicates cytosolic cofactors in disease pathogenesis and as molecular targets to influence alpha-synuclein aggregation. [less ▲]

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See detailUtilisation de la microchimie de l'otolithe pour discriminer les populations de chabots au sein du bassin de la Meuse walonne
Sonny, Damien; Bologne, Guy; Duchesne, Jean-Clair ULg et al

in Cahiers d'Ethologie (2006), 22(2), 39-50

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See detailAnastomose de Martin-Gruber
Wang, François-Charles ULg

in Correspondances en Nerf & Muscle (2006), 1(3/4), 23

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See detailAlimenter le lien entre consommateurs, éleveurs et animaux.
Lamine Claire; Stassart, Pierre M ULg; Bartiaux, Nicole et al

Report (2006)

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See detailAssessment of the processes controlling the seasonal variations of dissolved inorganic carbon in the North Sea
Bozec, Y.; Thomas, H.; Schiettecatte, L. S. et al

in Limnology & Oceanography (2006), 51(6), 27462762

We used a seasonal North Sea data set comprising dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2), and inorganic nutrients to assess the abiotic and biological processes governing the ... [more ▼]

We used a seasonal North Sea data set comprising dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2), and inorganic nutrients to assess the abiotic and biological processes governing the monthly variations of DIC. During winter, advection and air–sea exchange of CO2 control and increase the DIC content in the surface and deeper layers of the northern and central North Sea, with the atmosphere supplying CO2 on the order of 0.2 mol C m22 month21 to these areas. From February to July, net community production (NCP) controls the seasonal variations of DIC in the surface waters of the entire North Sea, with a net uptake ranging from 0.5 to 1.4 mol C m22 month21. During the August–December period, NCP controls the seasonal variations of DIC in the southern North Sea, with a net release ranging from 0.5 to 0.8 mol C m22 month21. Similarly, during the April–August period in the deeper layer of the northern North Sea, the NCP was the main factor controlling DIC concentrations, with a net release ranging from 0.5 to 5.5 mol C m22 month21. In the surface layer of the North Sea, NCP on the basis of DIC was 4.3 6 0.4 mol C m22 yr21, whereas, NCP on the basis of nitrate was 1.6 6 0.2 mol C m22 yr21. Under nutrient-depleted conditions, preferential recycling (extracellular) of nutrients and intracellular mechanisms occurred and were responsible for the non-Redfield uptake of DIC versus nitrate and phosphate. [less ▲]

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See detailMedecin de famille et intoxication au monoxyde de carbone
Burette, Philippe ULg; Bouüaert, Corine ULg; Vanmeerbeek, Marc ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(5-6, May-Jun), 285-90

Carbon monoxide poisoning is not easily identifiable. It is the first cause of death by accidental poisoning in Europe. The family practitioner, who has not been made aware of this problem, incurs the ... [more ▼]

Carbon monoxide poisoning is not easily identifiable. It is the first cause of death by accidental poisoning in Europe. The family practitioner, who has not been made aware of this problem, incurs the risk of diagnostic indecision or of involuntary personal poisoning. Since symptomatology is non specific, the general practitioner answering housecalls is sometimes confronted with an urgent medical problem linked to the complications of this intoxication (coronary, neurological problems...), without having ways of documenting its origin of the poisoning or any means to protect himself. Through direct contact with his patients' environment, the family practitioner, being made sensitive to this problem, can certainly contribute to care and aftercare of the patient suffering from carbon monoxide poisoning, but also to the prevention of this public health problem often called "the silent killer". [less ▲]

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See detailOrganic carbon metabolism and carbonate dynamics in a Mediterranean seagrass (Posidonia oceanica) meadow
Barrón, Cristina; Duarte, Carlos M.; Frankignoulle, Michel et al

in Estuaries and Coasts (2006), 29(3), 417-426

in a Posidonia oceanica meadow and unvegetated sediments of Magalluf Bay (Mallorca Island, Spain) to determine gross primary production (GPP), community respiration (R), and net community production (NCP ... [more ▼]

in a Posidonia oceanica meadow and unvegetated sediments of Magalluf Bay (Mallorca Island, Spain) to determine gross primary production (GPP), community respiration (R), and net community production (NCP). From June 2001 to October 2002, we also measured fluxes of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and total alkalinity (TAlk). The yearly integrated metabolic rates based on DO changes show that the P. oceanica communities are net autotrophic while the metabolic rates in the unvegetated benthic communities are nearly balanced. Higher calcium carbonate (CaCO3) cycling, both in terms of production and dissolution, was observed in P. oceanica communities than in unvegetated benthic communities. In the P. oceanica meadow, the annual release of CO2 from net CaCO3 production corresponds to almost half of the CO2 uptake by NCP based on DIC incubations. In unvegetated benthic communities, the annual uptake of CO2 from net CaCO3 dissolution almost fully compensates the CO2 release by NCP based on DIC incubations. CaCO3 dynamics is potentially a major factor in CO2 benthic fluxes in seagrass and carbonate-rich temperate coastal ecosystems. [less ▲]

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See detailSpeech discrimination and intelligibility: outcome of deaf children fitted with hearing aids or cochlear implants.
Lejeune, Brigitte ULg; Demanez, Laurent

in B-ENT (2006), 2(2), 63-68

We retrospectively studied outcome of a sample of 36 congenitally deaf children who were fitted with either a conventional hearing aid or a cochlear implant and who received many years of audio-phonatory ... [more ▼]

We retrospectively studied outcome of a sample of 36 congenitally deaf children who were fitted with either a conventional hearing aid or a cochlear implant and who received many years of audio-phonatory training.To rate auditory capacity and speech intelligibility, we used commonly used metrics: CAP and SIR. At the end of the 5-Years period, CAP and SIR scores of cochlear implant children are significantly higher than those of conventional hearing aid children. This study is one of few that evaluates outcome of conventional hearing aid and cochlear implant fitting with age matched congenitally deaf children anno 2000. [less ▲]

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See detailLe risque de préjudice grave difficilement réparable en matière de nomination ou de promotion dans la fonction publique
Donnay, Luc ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2006), (1), 24-42

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See detailInfluence of the matrix on analyte fragmentation in atmospheric pressure MALDI
Schulz, Eric; Karas, Michael; Rosu, Frédéric ULg et al

in Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry (2006), 17(7), 1005-1013

In this paper, we report the measurement of the degree of analyte fragmentation in AP-MALDI as a function of the matrix and of the laser fluence. The analytes include p-OCH3-benzylpyridinium, three ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we report the measurement of the degree of analyte fragmentation in AP-MALDI as a function of the matrix and of the laser fluence. The analytes include p-OCH3-benzylpyridinium, three peptides containing the sequence EEPP (which cleave very efficiently at the E-P site), and three deoxynucleosides (dA, dG, and dC), which lose the neutral sugar to give the protonated base. We found that the matrix hardness/softness was consistent when comparing the analytes, with a consensus ranking from hardest to softest: CHCA >> DHB > SA approximate to THAP > ATT > HPA. However, the exact ranking can be fluence-dependent, for example between ATT and HPA. Our goal here was to provide the scientific community with a detailed dataset that can be used to compare with theoretical predictions. We tried to correlate the consensus ranking with different matrix properties: sublimation or decomposition temperature (determined using thermogravimetry), analyte initial velocity, and matrix proton affinity. The best correlation was found with the matrix proton affinity. [less ▲]

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See detailTransfusions after nonmyeloablative or reduced-intensity conditioning regimens.
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Vanstraelen, Gaëtan; Beguin, Yves ULg

in Leukemia : Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K (2006), 20(12), 2081-6

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