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See detailLes déterminants définis: Caractéristiques
Vintila, Elena-Georgiana ULg

Master's dissertation (2009)

La plupart des étudiants confondent les déterminants, en particulier le déterminant article, la combinaison de l’article défini avec les dénombrables, mais aussi les articles contractés. Cet ouvrage se ... [more ▼]

La plupart des étudiants confondent les déterminants, en particulier le déterminant article, la combinaison de l’article défini avec les dénombrables, mais aussi les articles contractés. Cet ouvrage se propose être une approche en ce qui concerne les différents types des déterminants et aussi les difficultés qu’on peut rencontrer. Chaque chapitre et sous chapitre est accompagné par des exemples qu’on put utiliser aussi dans l’activité didactique. [less ▲]

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See detailProgress in the asteroseismic analysis of the pulsating sdB star PG 1605+072
Van Grootel, Valérie ULg; Charpinet, Stéphane; Fontaine, Gilles et al

Conference (2009, July)

The hot pulsating sdB star PG 1605+072 exhibits uncommon spectroscopic and pulsation prop- erties, and is one of the biggest challenge in the field of sdB star modeling. Two hypotheses have been proposed ... [more ▼]

The hot pulsating sdB star PG 1605+072 exhibits uncommon spectroscopic and pulsation prop- erties, and is one of the biggest challenge in the field of sdB star modeling. Two hypotheses have been proposed to explain its unusually rich pulsation spectrum. The first is the natural explanation of a fast-rotating pulsator, which lifts the (2l+1)-fold degeneracy of the frequency components. Another approach, where PG 1605+072 can be seen as a slow rotator, considers that the numerous low amplitude frequency components are second- and third-order harmonics and nonlinear com- binations of the highest amplitude frequencies. We investigated the two hypotheses in the light of asteroseismology, using our latest tools - including pulsation codes that incorporate star rotation and new generation complete sdB models. The results of both approaches are presented, showing interesting results and raising new questions for our understanding of this mysterious sdB star. [less ▲]

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See detailPEPTIDE CLICK LABELLING WITH 1-(AZIDOMETHYL)-4-[18F]-FLUOROBENZENE AND REFERENCE COMPOUNDS SYNTHESIS ON SOLID SUPPORT
Thonon, David ULg; Paris, Jérôme ULg; Kech, Cecile et al

in Journal of Labelled Compounds and Radiopharmaceuticals (2009, July)

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See detailEquivalent mixed model for joint genetic evaluation considering molecular and phenotypic information
Gengler, Nicolas ULg; Colinet, Frédéric ULg

Conference (2009, July)

Currently efforts are underway to introduce molecular information into genetic evaluation systems. A particular situation is genomic selection however simpler cases exists where major genes are known and ... [more ▼]

Currently efforts are underway to introduce molecular information into genetic evaluation systems. A particular situation is genomic selection however simpler cases exists where major genes are known and used by breeders. A new alternative strategy for the prediction of gene effects and especially their smooth integration into genetic evaluations based on an equivalent method was developed from existing theory. Underlying hypothesis were based on the idea that knowledge of genotypes will not affect overall additive genetic variance but only change expected values of genetic effects for animals with known genotypes. The developed equations were modified to allow that not all animals were genotyped. As the underlying mixed model is open a very large range of models can be used in situations including random regression models, multipletrait, maternal effects and multiple-across-country-evaluation models. Computations involved successive solving of two mixed models, with the use of an linear extrapolation to speed up convergence of gene effects. The method was tested for several known major genes and QTL, e.g. for the mh gene in the dual-purpose Belgian Blue population in Belgium. Modifications of the method could also be developed to be useful in the context of genomic selection. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasure of nursing time interventions for hospitalized elderly patients
THONON, Olivier ULg; GILLAIN, Daniel ULg; SERMEUS, Walter et al

Poster (2009, July)

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See detailEvolution of food design: from recipe to formulation concept
Blecker, Christophe ULg

Conference (2009, July)

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See detailTesting the forward approach in modelling β Cephei pulsators: setting the stage
Miglio, A.; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Thoul, Anne ULg

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2009)

The information on stellar parameters and on the stellar interior we can get by studying pulsating stars depends crucially on the available observational constraints: both seismic constraints (precision ... [more ▼]

The information on stellar parameters and on the stellar interior we can get by studying pulsating stars depends crucially on the available observational constraints: both seismic constraints (precision and number of detected modes, identification, nature of the modes) and ``classical'' observations (photospheric abundances, effective temperature, luminosity, surface gravity). We consider the case of β Cephei pulsators and, with the aim of estimating quantitatively how the available observational constraints determine the type and precision of our inferences, we set the stage for Hare&Hound exercises. In this contribution we present preliminary results for one simple case, where we assume as ``observed'' frequencies a subset of frequencies of a model and then evaluate a seismic merit function on a dense and extensive grid of models of B-type stars. We also compare the behaviour of χ^2 surfaces obtained with and without mode identification. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimal power flow computations with constraints limiting the number of control actions
Capitanescu, Florin ULg; Rosehart, William; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in IEEE Power Tech conference (2009, July)

This paper focuses on optimal power flow (OPF) computations in which no more than a pre-specified number of controls are allowed to move. The benchmark formulation of this OPF problem constitutes a mixed ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on optimal power flow (OPF) computations in which no more than a pre-specified number of controls are allowed to move. The benchmark formulation of this OPF problem constitutes a mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) problem. To avoid the prohibitive computational time required by classical MINLP approaches to provide a (potentially sub-optimal) solution, we propose instead two alternative approaches. The first one consists in reformulating the MINLP problem as a mathematical program with equilibrium constraints (MPEC). The second approach includes in the classical OPF problem a nonlinear constraint which approximates the integral constraint limiting the number of control variables movement. Both approaches are solved by an interior point algorithm (IPA), slightly adapted to the particular characteristics of each approach. We provide numerical results with the proposed approaches on two test systems and for two practical problems: minimum cost to remove thermal congestion, and minimum cost of load curtailment to restore a feasible equilibrium point. [less ▲]

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See detailA new heuristic approach to deal with discrete variables in optimal power flow computations
Capitanescu, Florin ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in IEEE Power Tech conference (2009, July)

This paper proposes a new heuristic approach to deal with discrete variables in an optimal power flow (OPF). This approach relies on the first order sensitivity of the objective and inequality constraints ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a new heuristic approach to deal with discrete variables in an optimal power flow (OPF). This approach relies on the first order sensitivity of the objective and inequality constraints with respect to the discrete variables. The impact of a discrete variable change on the objective and inequality constraints is aggregated into a merit function. The proposed approach searches iteratively for better discrete variable settings as long as the problem solution can be improved. We provide numerical results with the proposed approach on four test systems up to 1203 buses and for the OPF problem of active power loss minimization. [less ▲]

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See detailBedload progression in gravel bed rivers using iron slag as a tracer
Houbrechts, Geoffrey ULg; Levecq, Yannick; Mols, Julien et al

Poster (2009, July)

In fluvial dynamics studies, different methods are used to evaluate bedload transport and particle travel lengths. However, results are mostly based on a few transported elements and on a relatively short ... [more ▼]

In fluvial dynamics studies, different methods are used to evaluate bedload transport and particle travel lengths. However, results are mostly based on a few transported elements and on a relatively short time scale. Consequently, it is difficult to extrapolate these results to whole bedload, because of the burying of particles into the subsurface layer or the trapping of elements in fluvial forms (point bars, riffles, …), which can immobilise elements during long periods. Bedload progression has been evaluated in Ardenne rivers using slag elements produced by the past factories established along rivers between the 14th and the 19th centuries. Important quantities of slag were dumped close to rivers or even directly into channels. For several centuries, slag elements were dispersed in the bedload and transported by floods of varying importance. Consequently, slag can be considered as a tracer to analyze bedload progression over several centuries. The size of slag elements has been studied in many Ardenne rivers. The longitudinal size trend of the largest slag particles allows us to determine the effective competence of rivers and to analyze the hydraulic sorting. Moreover, downstream of some metallurgic sites, we have constrained the presence of slag elements to the most downstream riffles. Because we know from historical studies the periods of activities of these sites, we may estimate the speed of bedload progression in several gravel bed rivers from the Ardenne Massif (2-3 km/century). [less ▲]

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See detailEvolution of floodplain sedimentation during the last millennia in the Ardenne Massif (Belgium)
Houbrechts, Geoffrey ULg; Notebaert, Bastiaan; Verstraeten, Gert et al

Poster (2009, July)

In the Ardenne massif, several periods of increased sediment deposition have been identified during the last millennia. They can be correlated to increasing anthropogenic land use pressure. The majority ... [more ▼]

In the Ardenne massif, several periods of increased sediment deposition have been identified during the last millennia. They can be correlated to increasing anthropogenic land use pressure. The majority of the sediments found in floodplains were deposited in the last 4000 years, and in many cases even in the last 1000 years. In the Amblève catchment, the first increase in sediment deposition of the Holocene occurred during the Bronze Age (3200 BP), related to first deforestations and crop cultures in the area. Several organic depositions have occurred between 2700 BP and 1000 BP and probably indicate low anthropogenic pressures or more humid periods. From the 11th century onwards, there was an increase in sedimentation, and alluvial deposits contain more charcoal. A second important increase in sedimentation is observed in headwater catchments at the end of the 14th century, which can be related to the development of many iron factories. In the Ardenne massif, more than 300 iron factories existed between the 14th and the 19th century and about 20 ha of forest were cleared each year for the consumption of a refining forge or a blast furnace. Analysis of slag concentration produced in former factories and redistributed in the floodplain allows us to reconstruct the evolution of floodplains since the inception of the iron industries. The results show that not all floodplains in the Amblève catchment are equally sensitive to catchment disturbances. In the headwater stream (Chavanne river, 10-20 km²), about 80 cm of sediment has been deposited since the inception of the iron industries (towards 1540 AD). In the lower Lienne valley (100-150 km²), almost no sediment accumulation occurred in the floodplains after the beginning of iron melting (towards 1400 AD). This difference could be explained by the larger stream power of the Lienne river (100-120 W/m2 for Qb). [less ▲]

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See detailSurgical treatment by electrical stimulation of the auditory cortex for intractable tinnitus
Litré, Claude Fabien ULg; Theret, E; Tran, H et al

in Brain Stimulation (2009), 2(3), 132-7

Tinnitus is a public health issue in France. Around 1% of the population is affected and 30,000 people are handicapped in their daily life. The treatments available for disabling tinnitus have until now ... [more ▼]

Tinnitus is a public health issue in France. Around 1% of the population is affected and 30,000 people are handicapped in their daily life. The treatments available for disabling tinnitus have until now been disappointing. We are reporting on the surgical treatment by electrical stimulation of the auditory cortex of a female patient affected by disabling tinnitus that resisted classical treatments. The tinnitus appeared suddenly 10 years ago after a left ear tympanoplasty. The acouphenometry measures revealed a bilateral tinnitus, predominant on the right side, constant, with high frequency (6000 Hz). Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was performed at first with several supraliminal and infraliminal protocols. This showed promising results. Anatomic and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of the auditory cortex before and after repetitive TMS (rTMS) demonstrated a modification of the cortical activity and where the ideal location for a cortical electrode might be, to straddle primary and secondary auditory cortex.After these investigations, two quadra polar electrodes (Resume, Medtronic Ltd, Hertfordshire, UK), connected to a stimulating device implanted under the skin (Synergy, Medtronic Ltd), were extradurally implanted. The surgical procedurewas similar to the one performed for analgesic cortical stimulation. No surgical complications were reported. The activation of the stimulator provided a reduction of 65%of the tinnitus impact, with a persistent effect on the right side. The feasibility of the cortical stimulation in symptomatic treatment of tinnitus was proven by this preparatory work. The middle- and long-term therapeutic [less ▲]

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See detailFRACTIONATED STEREOTACTIC RADIOTHERAPY TREATMENT OF CAVERNOUS SINUS MENINGIOMAS: A STUDY OF 100 CASES
Litré, Claude Fabien ULg; COLIN, P; NOUDEL, R et al

in International Journal of Radiation, Oncology, Biology, Physics (2009), 74(4), 1012-7

Purpose:We discuss our experiences with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSR) in the treatment of cavernous sinus meningiomas. Methods and Materials: From 1995 to 2006, we monitored 100 patients ... [more ▼]

Purpose:We discuss our experiences with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSR) in the treatment of cavernous sinus meningiomas. Methods and Materials: From 1995 to 2006, we monitored 100 patients diagnosed with cavernous sinus meningiomas; 84 female and 16 male patients were included. The mean patient age was 56 years. The most common symptoms were a reduction in visual acuity (57%), diplopia (50%), exophthalmy (30%), and trigeminal neuralgia (34%). Surgery was initially performed on 26 patients. All patients were treated with FSR. A total of 45 Gy was administered to the lesion, with 5 fractions of 1.8 Gy completed each week. Patient treatment was performed using a Varian Clinac linear accelerator used for cranial treatments and a micro-multileaf collimator. Results: No side effects were reported. Mean follow-up period was 33 months, with 20% of patients undergoing follow-up evaluation of more than 4 years later. The tumor control rate at 3 years was 94%. Three patients required microsurgical intervention because FSR proved ineffective. In terms of functional symptoms, an 81% improvement was observed in patients suffering from exophthalmy, with 46% of these patients being restored to full health. A 52% improvement was observed in diplopia, together with a 67% improvement in visual acuity and a 50% improvement in type V neuropathy. Conclusions: FSR facilitates tumor control, either as an initial treatment option or in combination with microsurgery. In addition to being a safe procedure with few side effects, FSR offers the significant benefit of superior functional outcomes. [less ▲]

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See detailInsights into the plant defense mechanisms induced by Bacillus lipopeptides.
Ongena, Marc ULg; Henry, Guillaume ULg; Adam, Akram et al

Poster (2009, July)

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See detailStudy of the bedload transport in gravel bed rivers
Houbrechts, Geoffrey ULg; Hallot, Eric ULg; Peeters, Alexandre ULg et al

Conference (2009, July)

Bedload transport has been studied in Ardenne rivers using different methods. Experiments with marked pebbles were carried out on gravel bed rivers in order to determine critical parameters of ... [more ▼]

Bedload transport has been studied in Ardenne rivers using different methods. Experiments with marked pebbles were carried out on gravel bed rivers in order to determine critical parameters of mobilisation. The tracking of more than 1000 elements marked with PIT-tags (Passive Integrated Transponder) has been performed on different sized rivers during three hydrological seasons. These surveys allowed us to determine the initial motion of bed material, to measure the distance of particle travel from flood to flood, to reconstruct the trajectories of pebbles, to analyze the burying of particles into the subsurface layer and to identify the trapping sites and their effects on the bedload progression. On the same rivers, the thickness of the active bed layer has been measured using scour chains. It appears that the mobilised layer thickness increases with specific stream power. Bedload discharge of several floods has also been estimated crossing the active layer thickness and the mean progression distance of marked pebbles. Pits have been dug across the bed of a gravel bed stream (catchment area of 12 km²) in order to trap all particles moving on the bed. Volume of sediments trapped has been measured after each flood event and the largest elements mobilised have been measured. These observations show that bedload trapped is clearly more important that bedload discharge estimated by the method of scour chains and marked pebbles. This difference is for the most part explained by the trapping of sandy matrix from the subsurface layer, which is also moving on the bed. In this headwater stream (forested floodplain), the specific bedload discharge is only 0.4 t.km-1.year-1. Such a value is relatively low in comparison with other Ardenne rivers (up to 2,5 t.km-1.year-1), but may be partly explained by numerous vegetation logjams, which slow down bedload progression and increase bed roughness. [less ▲]

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See detailDon et déprédations. A propos de l'« Avant-dire » au Traité du Verbe
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Revue des Sciences Humaines (2009), 295(3/2009), 67-77

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See detailLa fonction récréative de la forêt wallonne : évaluation et pistes de réflexion pour son intégration optimale dans l'aménagement intégré des massifs
Colson, Vincent ULg; Lejeune, Philippe ULg; Rondeux, Jacques ULg

in Forêt Wallonne (2009), (101), 3-17

Dans le contexte d’une gestion multifonctionnelle de la forêt, il importe d’intégrer la fréquentation du public dans les démarches d’aménagement. Encore faut-il pouvoir se baser sur des éléments objectifs ... [more ▼]

Dans le contexte d’une gestion multifonctionnelle de la forêt, il importe d’intégrer la fréquentation du public dans les démarches d’aménagement. Encore faut-il pouvoir se baser sur des éléments objectifs. C’est ce que propose de cerner cette synthèse d’une thèse de doctorat menée à la Faculté universitaire des Sciences agronomiques de Gembloux qui a, entre autre, révélé l’ampleur et la valeur de la fonction récréative des forêts en Wallonie. [less ▲]

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See detailMujeres, indígenas y el EZLN en 'Lo que está en mi corazón', de Marcela Serrano
Vanden Berghe, Kristine ULg

in Contribuciones desde Coatepec (2009), 17

This contribution presents an analysis of the novel Lo que está en mi corazón (2001), written by the Chilean author Marcela Serrano. After presenting the story and the feminine themes in it, we analyse ... [more ▼]

This contribution presents an analysis of the novel Lo que está en mi corazón (2001), written by the Chilean author Marcela Serrano. After presenting the story and the feminine themes in it, we analyse the images of the indigenous population in Chiapas. This theme allows us to link the portrayal of the feminine characters to the literary construction of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation [less ▲]

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