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See detailCommunity-based wildlife management in Burkina Faso : the experiments of the Nazinga Ranch and W park
Vermeulen, Cédric ULg

in Game and Wildlife Science (2004), 21(3), 313-326

Le Burkina Faso reste le seul pays d’Afrique occidentale à posséder une législation où, au moins légalement, la gestion cynégétique de la faune sauvage par les populations locales est devenue une réalité ... [more ▼]

Le Burkina Faso reste le seul pays d’Afrique occidentale à posséder une législation où, au moins légalement, la gestion cynégétique de la faune sauvage par les populations locales est devenue une réalité. Les textes de loi prévoient en effet la possibilité pour les populations de délimiter sur leurs terroirs des zones dévolues à la chasse commerciale, d’y faire venir des chasseurs et de rétrocéder à l’État la part des recettes qui lui est due. La loi prévoit également la constitution de Comités Villageois de Gestion de la Faune (CVGF), structures rattachées aux Comités Villageois de Gestion de Terroir (CVGT) et reconnues dans le processus de décentralisation en cours. L’opportunité de construire une conservation de la faune sauvage servant directement le développement local existe donc. Dans la pratique, il reste encore beaucoup d’étapes à franchir avant que des Zones Villageoises d’Intérêt Cynégétique (ZOVIC) réellement autonomes et indépendantes financièrement ne prennent corps. Les résistances au niveau institutionnel et privé ne manquent pas, et seule la démonstration de la capacité des populations locales à relever ce défi pourra faire évoluer les mentalités. Les premières ZOVIC ont été mises en place à partir de 2000 dans les périphéries du Ranch de Nazinga (1 276 ha de ZOVIC) et du Parc du W (1 790 ha de ZOVIC). Ces expériences ont été la source de riches enseignements dans des contextes particuliers de tensions foncières, liés soit à une importante immigration humaine dans le cas de la ZOVIC du Ranch de Nazinga, soit à une course au coton dans celui des ZOVIC du Parc du W. Elles ont montré que la gestion cynégétique villageoise nécessitait des besoins de formation importants et qu’elle devait faire face aux classiques enjeux techniques (préservation de l’habitat, gestion de la faune, quotas d’abattage dont l’application reste parfois aléatoire en raison de la petite taille des zones délimitées, etc.). Les ZOVIC ont aussi soulevé le problème du rapport de la communauté rurale à l’espace et au foncier, celui fonctionnement des structures locales de gestion et de leur fusion avec le système politique coutumier local, et celui de la réelle volonté de l’univers administratif et privé de la chasse à partager la rente cynégétique avec les populations locales. La gestion cynégétique villageoise doit donc être comprise comme un exercice de démocratie directe et comme la voie vers la gestion globale des terroirs villageois. Au-delà de l’aspect technique lié à la faune et à sa gestion durable, la réussite de ces expériences devrait également annoncer la pratique d’une chasse plus sociale et plus équitable, où les populations locales participeraient davantage au partage du flux financier. [less ▲]

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See detailL’enseignement et la connaissance de la matière des professeurs d’EPS. Le cas de la natation dans un lycée de l’agglomération grenobloise
Attikleme, Kossivi; Tanimomo, Libéral; Cloes, Marc ULg et al

in Revue de l'Education Physique (2004), 44(3), 83-93

Le but de cette étude est de montrer, d'une part, dans le système éducatif français, les diverses transformations ou modifications que les enseignants d'EPS font subir aux pratiques sportives lorsqu'ils ... [more ▼]

Le but de cette étude est de montrer, d'une part, dans le système éducatif français, les diverses transformations ou modifications que les enseignants d'EPS font subir aux pratiques sportives lorsqu'ils ont la volonté de les enseigner et, d'autre part, de mettre en évidence la connaissance de la nage qui caractérise chacun d'eux ou qui sous-tend le processus de transformation qu'ils opèrent en matière d'enseignement. C'est en effet un processus qui n'est pas spécifique au système éducatif français organisé au collège en cycles d'étude. ... [less ▲]

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See detailRapport final de synthèse du projet 4M-µPompe (2001-2003)
Raucent, Benoit; Dereine, E.; Smal, Olivier et al

Report (2004)

The 4M-µpump project attempts to breach the gap between traditional mechanics and micro mechanics and this in two ways. The first one consists in producing a general set of rules suitable for the ... [more ▼]

The 4M-µpump project attempts to breach the gap between traditional mechanics and micro mechanics and this in two ways. The first one consists in producing a general set of rules suitable for the miniaturisation of well-known macromachines. The second one consists in developing this fundamental aspect of the research through the design and realization of an implantable pump dedicated to the administration of medication agents inside the human body. The project thus touches upon the field of design, manufacturing, metrology and assembly of mini components as well as the study of minimotors. [less ▲]

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See detailModave/Modave : Fouilles préhistoriques au site du Trou Al'Wesse
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Otte, Marcel ULg

in Chronique de l'Archéologie Wallonne (2004), 12

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See detailLe site du Trou Al'Wesse (comm. de Modave) : Campagne de fouille 2004
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Zwyns, Nicolas; Otte, Marcel ULg

in Notae Praehistoricae (2004), 24

This article present the discovery context of Neolithic ceramic sherds in stratum 4 (formerly attributed to the Late Mesolithic) at Trou Al'Wesse. The vertical distribution of the archaeological material ... [more ▼]

This article present the discovery context of Neolithic ceramic sherds in stratum 4 (formerly attributed to the Late Mesolithic) at Trou Al'Wesse. The vertical distribution of the archaeological material and stratigraphic data demonstrate that these sherds do not belong to the Mesolithic assemblage. Post-depositional processes in front of the cave entrance have reworked these sherds and Mesolithic lithic artifacts. The stratigraphy also shows that, against the walls, there is no mixture between the two occupations. [less ▲]

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See detailLes tachycardies supraventriculaires paroxystiques.
Melon, P.; Pierard, Luc ULg

in Revue medicale de Liege (2004), 59(5), 307-10

Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardias are often encountered in young and otherwise healthy patients. They are rarely life threatening even though they may alter the quality of life. In this article, we ... [more ▼]

Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardias are often encountered in young and otherwise healthy patients. They are rarely life threatening even though they may alter the quality of life. In this article, we review the acute treatment of an episod of tachycardia and the prevention of recurrences. [less ▲]

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See detailLes arythmies ventriculaires.
Waleffe, A.; Pierard, Luc ULg

in Revue medicale de Liege (2004), 59(4), 190-5

Tachycardias arise from an arrhythmogenic substrate triggered by a random factor (generally an extrasystole) and modulated by the autonomic nervous system. The three components are interactive, but their ... [more ▼]

Tachycardias arise from an arrhythmogenic substrate triggered by a random factor (generally an extrasystole) and modulated by the autonomic nervous system. The three components are interactive, but their intensity and conjunction vary continuously. During the last decade, major achievements have been made to clarify definition and classification of data reported in the literature, helping our understanding of the mechanisms of ventricular arrhythmias. Nowadays, the pathophysiology of cardiac arrhythmias is well-known at the cellular and molecular ion channel activity. The progress of epidemiology and molecular genetics have allowed a better knowledge of the genotype-phenotype correlation in young patients presenting syncopes due to torsades de pointes or polymorphic ventricular tachychardia episodes which may degenerate into ventricular fibrillation and cause sudden death. The data of numerous large prospective randomised studies have led to more rational treatments with the progressive withdrawal of class I antiarrhythmics and their replacement by betablocking agents. The surgical approach of ventricular tachycardia has been overcome by the automatic implantable defibrillator and in some well-defined clinical situations, catheter ablation is used. [less ▲]

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See detailLingopti project: semi-continuous casting process of copper-nickel alloys
Pecquet, Etienne ULg; Volles, Ralf; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 21st International Congress of Theoritical and Applied Mechanics (2004)

The following text deals with casting of copper-nickel alloys. They are high added values materials. The research contains two main parts. Laboratory tests (completed with bibliography) that provide ... [more ▼]

The following text deals with casting of copper-nickel alloys. They are high added values materials. The research contains two main parts. Laboratory tests (completed with bibliography) that provide thermal and mechanical properties of the ingot and the mould but also heat transfer coefficients between the ingot and its environment (mould, air and water). These parameters are required in the second part : development and validation of numerical modelization by the finite element method to optimise the industrial process. [less ▲]

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See detailLe nouveau régime des décisions étrangères dans le Code de droit international privé
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in Revue de Droit Judiciaire et de la Preuve = Tijdschrift voor Procesrecht en Bewijsrecht (2004)

In this paper, I offer a thorough analysis of the provisions of the Code of Private International law (Act of 16 July 2004) regarding the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments in Belgium (artt ... [more ▼]

In this paper, I offer a thorough analysis of the provisions of the Code of Private International law (Act of 16 July 2004) regarding the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments in Belgium (artt. 22 ff). The emphasis is on the differences with the regime which prevailed before the entry into force of the Code. At the same time I indicate what differences remain between the regime put in place by the Code and the one prevailing within the European Judicial Area, with Regulation 44/2001 as main comparison point. [less ▲]

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See detailEvolution de la théorie du portefeuille et de la comptabilité
Corhay, Albert ULg; Vossaert, Sophie ULg

in Bair, Jacques; Henry, Valérie (Eds.) Regards croisés sur Les méthodes quantitatives de gestion. En hommage aux Prs Christian De Bruyn et René Moors (2004)

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See detailCounting the solutions of Presburger equations without enumerating them
Boigelot, Bernard ULg; Latour, Louis

in Theoretical Computer Science (2004), 313(1), 17-29

The Number Decision Diagram (NDD) has recently been introduced as a powerful representation system for sets of integer vectors. NDDs can notably be used for handling sets defined by arbitrary Presburger ... [more ▼]

The Number Decision Diagram (NDD) has recently been introduced as a powerful representation system for sets of integer vectors. NDDs can notably be used for handling sets defined by arbitrary Presburger formulas, which makes them well suited for representing the set of reachable states of finite-state systems extended with unbounded integer variables. In this paper, we address the problem of counting the number of distinct elements in a set of numbers or, more generally, of vectors, represented by an NDD. We give an algorithm that is able to produce an exact count without enumerating explicitly the vectors, which makes it capable of handling very large sets. As an auxiliary result, we also develop an efficient projection method that allows to construct efficiently NDDs from quantified formulas, and thus makes it possible to apply our counting technique to sets specified by formulas. Our algorithms have been implemented in the verification tool LASH, and applied successfully to various counting problems. [less ▲]

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See detailVraies et fausses éditions liégeoises ou rouennaises de Voltaire
Droixhe, Daniel ULg

in Revue Voltaire (2004), 4

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See detailCoastal Biogeochemistry : Biogeosciences
Thomas, Helmuth; Kremer, Hartwig; Borges, Alberto ULg

Book published by EGU (2004)

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See detailLes ensauvagés. Enfants-loups, enfant-mouton, enfants-ours, enfants seuls...
Strivay, Lucienne ULg

in Communications (2004), 76

Founding myths, miscellaneous items in the press, along with a long series of detailed witnesses reveal figures of children who grew up on the edge of the human world, in the company of beasts, sometimes ... [more ▼]

Founding myths, miscellaneous items in the press, along with a long series of detailed witnesses reveal figures of children who grew up on the edge of the human world, in the company of beasts, sometimes, in solitude and réclusion. Following the stories of feral children amounts to considering in the long term every situation where hypotheses based on theories coming from various perspectives of thought could be evaluated by comparison with man in his "natural state". Feral children seem to be inseparable from the problem of the great Nature /Culture divide and from the way in which our relationships with the non-human world are established [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of soil variability measured with a soil strength sensor
Hanquet, Bernard; Sirjacobs, Damien ULg; Destain, Marie-France ULg et al

in Precision Agriculture (2004), 5(3), 227-246

In the context of precision agriculture, the knowledge of soil strength variability at the field scale may be useful for improving site-specific tillage. Moreover, rapid and accurate sensing methods for ... [more ▼]

In the context of precision agriculture, the knowledge of soil strength variability at the field scale may be useful for improving site-specific tillage. Moreover, rapid and accurate sensing methods for soil physical properties determination would favourably replace labour intensive, time-consuming and expensive soil sampling and analysis. This study aims at validating conclusions of a previous study which was conducted to develop a soil strength in field conditions. The coupled acquisition of the sensor's signals and the corresponding DGPS positions allowed establishment of maps for the three measured outputs, namely the horizontal force (Fx), the vertical force (FZ) and the moment (My). In order to study the relationships between measured forces and soil physical parameters, a series of soil properties were measured on soil cores collected in 10 reference plots. Significant correlations were found between Fx and the average resistance to cone penetration at 25 cm depth and between Fx and the average soil moisture at 30 cm depth. The sensing method proved its capability to characterize within-field soil variability. [less ▲]

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See detailEstimated heterogeneity of phenotypic variance of test-day yield with a structural variance model
Gengler, Nicolas ULg; Wiggans, George; Gillon, Alain ULg

in Journal of Dairy Science (2004), 87

First-lactation test-day milk, fat, and protein yields from New York, Wisconsin, and California herds from 1990 through 2000 were adjusted additively for age and lactation stage. A random regression model ... [more ▼]

First-lactation test-day milk, fat, and protein yields from New York, Wisconsin, and California herds from 1990 through 2000 were adjusted additively for age and lactation stage. A random regression model with thirdorder Legendre polynomials for permanent environmental and genetic effects was used. The model included a random effect with the same polynomial regressions for 2 yr of calvings within herd (herd-time effect) to provide herd-specific lactation curves that can change every 2 yr. (Co)variance components were estimated using expectation-maximization REML simultaneously with phenotypic variances that were modeled using a structural variance model. Maximum heritability for test-day milk yield was estimated to be ∼20% around 200 to 250 d in milk; heritabilities were slightly lower for test-day fat and protein yields. Herd-time effects explained 12 to 20% of phenotypic variance and had the greatest impact at start of lactation. Variances of test-day yields increased with time, subclass size, and milking frequency. Test month had limited influence on variance. Variance increased for cows in herds with low and high milk yields and for early and late lactation stages. Repeatabilities of variances observed for a given class of herd, test-day, and milking frequency were 14 to 17% across nested variance subclasses based on lactation stage. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative ontogeny, processing, and segmental distribution of the renal chloride channel, ClC-5.
JOURET, François ULg; Igarashi, Takashi; Gofflot, Francoise et al

in Kidney International (2004), 65(1), 198-208

BACKGROUND: The renal chloride channel ClC-5, which is responsible for Dent's disease, is coexpressed with the vacuolar H+-ATPase in proximal tubules (PT) and alpha-type intercalated cells (IC) of the ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The renal chloride channel ClC-5, which is responsible for Dent's disease, is coexpressed with the vacuolar H+-ATPase in proximal tubules (PT) and alpha-type intercalated cells (IC) of the mature kidney. Neonatal cases of Dent's disease suggest that ClC-5 distribution must be acquired before birth. However, the ontogeny of ClC-5, and its processing and segmental distribution with respect to related proteins during nephrogenesis remain unknown. METHODS: Immunoblotting, real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), immunostaining, and deglycosylation studies were used to investigate the expression, distribution, and maturation of ClC-5 during mouse and human nephrogenesis, in comparison with H+-ATPase, type II carbonic anhydrase (CAII), and aquaporin-1 (AQP1). RESULTS: An early induction (E13.5-E14.5) of ClC-5 was observed in mouse kidney, with persistence at high levels through late nephrogenesis. This pattern contrasted with the progressive expression of H+-ATPase and AQP1, and the postnatal upregulation of CAII. Immunostaining showed expression of ClC-5 in ureteric buds and, from E14.5, its location in developing PT. From E15.5, ClC-5 codistributed with H+-ATPase in PT cells and alpha-type IC. In the human kidney, ClC-5 was detected from 12 gestation weeks; its distribution was similar to that observed in mouse, except for a later detection in IC. Although mouse and human ClC-5 proteins are glycosylated, biochemical differences between fetal and adult proteins were observed in both species. CONCLUSION: The segmental expression of ClC-5 and H+-ATPase is essentially achieved during early nephrogenesis, in parallel with the onset of glomerular filtration. These data give insight into PT and IC maturation, and explain early phenotypic variants of Dent's disease. [less ▲]

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See detailRapport final de synthèse du projet 4M-µPompe (2001-2003). Annexes Partie 1/2 (sections 1-2-3/1,2,3,4,5)
Raucent, Benoit; Dereine, E.; Smal, Olivier et al

Report (2004)

Micropump : Modelling, Design, Drawings, Tests, Publications, Manufacturing, Medical aspects, Miscellaneous aspects.

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