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See detailPoétique de Jaccottet
Robert, Laurent ULg

in Acta Fabula : Revue des Parutions en Théorie Littéraire (2007), 8(3), 1-3

Compte rendu des Actes d'un Colloque consacré à Philippe Jaccottet

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See detailHypothese de la keratopathie liée a wasmannia auropunctata - le modele polynesien
Theron, Léonard ULg

Master's dissertation (2007)

The Little Fire Ant, Wasmannia auropunctata, is ranked among the World’s 100 worst invasive species. Since the early 90’s, it is officially established in French Polynesia. The Polynesian government ... [more ▼]

The Little Fire Ant, Wasmannia auropunctata, is ranked among the World’s 100 worst invasive species. Since the early 90’s, it is officially established in French Polynesia. The Polynesian government actively fights it since 2005, partially through the mapping of the known colonies. By this process, we discovered that the contaminated areas are also sheltering endemic hearths of Florida keratopathy. We studied 24 cases of keratopathy within the mega-colony settled in the Mahina commune’s highs (Tahiti). After control cases search, we pointed that the threatened animals are those living in contact with the ants (К² >12 within studied Pets cases). Apart from this predisposing factor, we did not found any other characteristic facilitating this pathology outbreak. We highlighted: 1) symptoms of acute attack such as blepharospasm and whimpering; 2) Topography of injuries shows that the eye median area is the most affected (p<0,05); 3) The most probable etiologic agent of this pathology is Wasmannia auropunctata. [less ▲]

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See detailRow by row simulation of heat recovery steam generators : comparing different types of initialization as well as the LMTD and ε-NTU simulation method
Dumont, Marie-Noëlle ULg; Heyen, Georges ULg

Conference (2007, May)

We developed a model which makes it possible to simulate a boiler rows by row. This model as well uses the European approach of log mean temperature difference as the American approach of effectiveness ... [more ▼]

We developed a model which makes it possible to simulate a boiler rows by row. This model as well uses the European approach of log mean temperature difference as the American approach of effectiveness-number of transfer unit. These approaches are compared in term of results and speed of calculation. We also present the difficulties encountered and some means of circumventing them. Some cases of superheater are treated in order to illustrate our matter. [less ▲]

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See detailTopology optimization of microbeams including layer deposition manufacturing constraints
Lemaire, Etienne ULg; Rochus, Véronique; Fleury, Claude et al

Conference (2007, May)

As many manufacturing techniques, microfabrication methods possess limitations. Consequently, manufacturing constraints have to be considered during microsystems design process. Therefore, the direct use ... [more ▼]

As many manufacturing techniques, microfabrication methods possess limitations. Consequently, manufacturing constraints have to be considered during microsystems design process. Therefore, the direct use of automatic design tools like topology optimization is not possible. For instance, optimal topologies generally contain closed cavities that cannot be produced using the usual microfabrication techniques like layer deposition. The present paper intends to add a layer deposition constraint to the optimization problem using recent developments of CONLIN software. However, with this new optimization procedure we could observe that classical sensitivities filtering makes optimization problem rather unstable while filtering the density field itself keeps good convergence properties. [less ▲]

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See detailL'exemple (à suivre) hollandais
Dawance, Sophie ULg

in Imagine Demain le Monde (2007), 61

A l’heure de la révision du permis de lotir en Région wallonne, le beeldkwaliteitplan utilisé aux Pays-Bas pour encadrer la création de nouveaux quartiers constitue une référence intéressante. Cet outil ... [more ▼]

A l’heure de la révision du permis de lotir en Région wallonne, le beeldkwaliteitplan utilisé aux Pays-Bas pour encadrer la création de nouveaux quartiers constitue une référence intéressante. Cet outil de composition s'appuie sur un partenariat entre le public et le privé et donne la priorité à la conception urbanistique des projets. A l'inverse des permis de lotir wallons, le beeldkwaliteitplan se concentre en effet sur les espaces publics et les interfaces entre sphères privées et publiques. L'article propose d'examiner cet outil urbanistique à travers l'analyse de deux projets à Maastricht. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacteristics of the size distribution of recent and historical landslides in a populated hilly region
Van den Eeckhaut, M.; Poesen, J.; Govers, G. et al

in Earth and Planetary Science Letters (2007), 256(3-4), 588-603

Despite the availability of studies on the frequency density of landslide areas in mountainous regions, frequency-area distributions of historical landslide inventories in populated hilly regions are ... [more ▼]

Despite the availability of studies on the frequency density of landslide areas in mountainous regions, frequency-area distributions of historical landslide inventories in populated hilly regions are absent. This study revealed that the frequency-area distribution derived from a detailed landslide inventory of the Flemish Ardennes (Belgium) is significantly different from distributions usually obtained in mountainous areas where landslides are triggered by large-scale natural causal factors such as rainfall, earthquakes or rapid snowmelt. Instead, the landslide inventory consists of the superposition of two populations, i.e. (i) small (<1-2 . 10(-2) km(2)), shallow complex earth slides that are at most 30 yr old, and (ii) large (> 1-2 . 10(-2) km(2)), deep-seated landslides that are older than 100 yr. Both subpopulations are best represented by a negative power-law relation with exponents of -0.58 and -2.31 respectively. This study focused on the negative power-law relation obtained for recent, small landslides, and contributes to the understanding of frequency distributions of landslide areas by presenting a conceptual model explaining this negative power-law relation for small landslides in populated hilly regions. According to the model hilly regions can be relatively stable under the present-day environmental conditions, and landslides are mainly triggered by human activities that have only a local impact on slope stability. Therefore, landslides caused by anthropogenic triggers are limited in size, and the number of landslides decreases with landslide area. The frequency density of landslide areas for old landslides is similar to those obtained for historical inventories compiled in mountainous areas, as apart from the negative power-law relation with exponent -2.31 for large landslides, a positive power-law relation followed by a rollover is observed for smaller landslides. However, when analysing the old landslides together with the more recent ones, the present-day higher temporal frequency of small landslides compared to large landslides, obscures the positive power-law relation and rollover. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailUtilité sociale et solidarité
Jacquemain, Marc ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2007)

Ce que l'on appelle "Etat social actif" n'est-il pas une façon de déconstruire toute forme d'Etat social tout court ? L'article examine les justifications de l'Etat social actif et ses conséquences sur la ... [more ▼]

Ce que l'on appelle "Etat social actif" n'est-il pas une façon de déconstruire toute forme d'Etat social tout court ? L'article examine les justifications de l'Etat social actif et ses conséquences sur la définition de la solidarité. Il défend notamment que le passage d'une force d'Etat social à une autre fait passer d'une exigence de solidarité pesant plus lourdement sur les plus favorisés à une exigence pesant surtout sur les plus faibles. [less ▲]

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See detailVitamin D inadequacy in Belgian postmenopausal osteoporotic women.
Neuprez, Audrey ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Collette, Julien ULg et al

in BMC Public Health (2007), 7(147), 64

BACKGROUND: Inadequate serum vitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations are associated with secondary hyperparathyroidism, increased bone turnover and bone loss, which increase fracture risk. The objective of ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Inadequate serum vitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations are associated with secondary hyperparathyroidism, increased bone turnover and bone loss, which increase fracture risk. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of inadequate serum 25(OH)D concentrations in postmenopausal Belgian women. Opinions with regard to the definition of vitamin D deficiency and adequate vitamin D status vary widely and there are no clear international agreements on what constitute adequate concentrations of vitamin D. METHODS: Assessment of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and parathyroid hormone was performed in 1195 Belgian postmenopausal women aged over 50 years. Main analysis has been performed in the whole study population and according to the previous use of vitamin D and calcium supplements. Four cut-offs of 25(OH)D inadequacy were fixed : < 80 nmol/L, <75 nmol/L, < 50 nmol/L and < 30 nmol/L. RESULTS: Mean (SD) age of the patients was 76.9 (7.5) years, body mass index was 25.7 (4.5) kg/m2. Concentrations of 25(OH)D were 52.5 (21.4) nmol/L. In the whole study population, the prevalence of 25(OH)D inadequacy was 91.3 %, 87.5 %, 43.1 % and 15.9% when considering cut-offs of 80, 75, 50 and 30 nmol/L, respectively. Women who used vitamin D supplements, alone or combined with calcium supplements, had higher concentrations of 25(OH)D than non-users. Significant inverse correlations were found between age/serum PTH and serum 25(OH)D (r = -0.23/r = -0.31) and also between age/serum PTH and femoral neck BMD (r = -0.29/r = -0.15). There is a significant positive relation between age and PTH (r = 0.16), serum 25(OH)D and femoral neck BMD (r = 0.07). (P < 0.05)Vitamin D concentrations varied with the season of sampling but did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.09). CONCLUSION: This study points out a high prevalence of vitamin D inadequacy in Belgian postmenopausal osteoporotic women, even among subjects receiving vitamin D supplements. [less ▲]

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See detailWheat starch variability in characteristics and rheological properties: the influence of varieties, harvest years and phytotechnique
Sinnaeve, Georges; Paridaens, A. M.; Massaux, Carine et al

Conference (2007, April 25)

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See detailRückblenden - Junge deutsche Autoren erzählen Geschichte.
Viehöver, Vera ULg

Conference (2007, April 25)

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See detailInversion of probabilistic models of structures using measured transfer functions
Arnst, Maarten ULg

Doctoral thesis (2007)

The aim of this thesis is to develop a methodology for the experimental identification of probabilistic models for the dynamical behaviour of structures. The inversion of probabilistic structural models ... [more ▼]

The aim of this thesis is to develop a methodology for the experimental identification of probabilistic models for the dynamical behaviour of structures. The inversion of probabilistic structural models with minimal parameterization, introduced by Soize, from measured transfer functions is in particular considered. It is first shown that the classical methods of estimation from the theory of mathematical statistics, such as the method of maximum likelihood, are not well-adapted to formulate and solve this inverse problem. In particular, numerical difficulties and conceptual problems due to model misspecification are shown to prohibit the application of the classical methods. The inversion of probabilistic structural models is then formulated alternatively as the minimization, with respect to the parameters to be identified, of an objective function measuring a distance between the experimental data and the probabilistic model. Two principles of construction for the definition of this distance are proposed, based on either the loglikelihood function, or the relative entropy. The limitation of the distance to low-order marginal laws is demonstrated to allow to circumvent the aforementioned difficulties. The methodology is applied to examples featuring simulated data and to a civil and environmental engineering case history featuring real experimental data. [less ▲]

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See detailOutils d'observation et d'évaluation utilisés dans le cadre de quatre programmes de recherche-action en langues germaniques
Simons, Germain ULg; Van Hoof, Florence ULg

Scientific conference (2007, April 23)

Cette conférence avait pour objectif de proposer une description et une évaluation de différents outils destinés à récolter des données dans le cadre de programmes de recherches collaboratives ménées dans ... [more ▼]

Cette conférence avait pour objectif de proposer une description et une évaluation de différents outils destinés à récolter des données dans le cadre de programmes de recherches collaboratives ménées dans le domaine de la didactique des langues germaniques de 1997 à 2007 à l'ULg. Ces différentes recherches sont brièvement décrites de même que les principaux résultats obtenus. [less ▲]

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See detailA mixed-integer heuristic for the structural optimization of a cruise ship
Bay, Maud ULg; Crama, Yves ULg; Richir, Thomas et al

in COMPIT 2007 , Cortona, Italy (2007, April 23)

A heuristic approach is proposed to solve the structural optimization problem of a cruise ship. The challenge of optimization is to define the scantling of the structure of a ship in order to minimize the ... [more ▼]

A heuristic approach is proposed to solve the structural optimization problem of a cruise ship. The challenge of optimization is to define the scantling of the structure of a ship in order to minimize the weight or the production cost. The variables are the dimensions and positions of the constitutive elements of the structure: they are discrete by nature. The objective functions are nonlinear functions. The structure is submitted to geometric constraints and to structural constraints. The geometric constraints are linear functions and the structural constraints are implicit functions requiring a high computation cost. The problem belongs to the class of mixed-integer nonlinear problems (MINLP). A local heuristic of the type “dive and fix” is combined with a solver based on approximation methods. The solver is used as a black-box tool to perform the structural analysis and solve the nonlinear optimization problems (NLP) defined by the heuristic. The heuristic is designed to always provide a discrete feasible solution. Experiments on a real-size structure demonstrate that the optimal value of the mixed-integer problem is of the same magnitude as the optimal value of the optimization problem for which all the variables can take continuous values. [less ▲]

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See detailHelodermin-loaded nanoparticles: Characterization and transport across an in vitro model of the follicle-associated epithelium
des Rieux, Anne; Fievez, Virginie; Momtaz, Maryam et al

in Journal of Controlled Release (2007), 118(3), 294-302

M cells represent a potential portal for oral delivery of peptides and proteins due to their high endocytosis abilities. An in vitro model of human FAE (co-cultures) was used to evaluate the influence of ... [more ▼]

M cells represent a potential portal for oral delivery of peptides and proteins due to their high endocytosis abilities. An in vitro model of human FAE (co-cultures) was used to evaluate the influence of M cells on the transport of free and encapsulated helodermin - a model peptide - across the intestinal epithelium. M cells enhanced transport of intact helodermin (18-fold, Papp 3 X 10(-6) cm s(-1)). As pegylation increased nanoparticle transport by M cells, helodermin was encapsulated in 200 mu nanoparticles containing PEG-b-PLA:PLGA 1:1. Stability of the selected formulation was demonstrated in simulated gastric and intestinal fluids. M cells increased the transport of helodermin encapsulated in these nanoparticles by a factor of 415, as compared to Caco-2 cells. Transport of free and encapsulated helodermin occurred most probably by endocytosis. In conclusion, M cells improved helodermin transport across the intestinal epithelium, confirming their high potential for oral delivery of peptides. [less ▲]

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See detailL'évaluation sensorielle des aliments
Blecker, Christophe ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2007)

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See detailConstraining the fundamental parameters of the O-type binary CPD-41 7733
Sana, H.; Rauw, Grégor ULg; Gosset, Eric ULg

in Astrophysical Journal (2007), 659(2, Part 1), 1582-1591

Using a set of high-resolution spectra, we studied the physical and orbital properties of the O-type binary CPD -41 7733, located in the core of NGC 6231. We report the unambiguous detection of a ... [more ▼]

Using a set of high-resolution spectra, we studied the physical and orbital properties of the O-type binary CPD -41 7733, located in the core of NGC 6231. We report the unambiguous detection of a secondary spectral signature and we derive the first SB2 orbital solution of the system. The period is 5.6815 + 0.0015 days, and the orbit has no significant eccentricity. CPD -41 7733 probably consists of stars of spectral types O8.5 and B3. As for other objects in the cluster, we observe discrepant luminosity classifications while using spectroscopic or brightness criteria. Still, the present analysis suggests that both components display physical parameters close to those of typical O8.5 and B3 dwarfs. We also analyze the X-ray light curves and spectra obtained during six 30 ks XMM-Newton pointings spread over the 5.7 day period. We find no significant variability between the different pointings, nor within the individual observations. The CPD - 41 7733 X- ray spectrum is well reproduced by a three-temperature thermal mekal model with temperatures of 0.3, 0.8, and 2.4 keV. No X-ray overluminosity, resulting, e. g., from a possible wind interaction, is observed. The emission of CPD -41 7733 is thus very representative of typical O-type star X- ray emission. [less ▲]

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See detailL’environnement électronique du séminaire d’Actualité politique belge et du séminaire de Politiques comparées
Fournier, Bernard ULg; Reuchamps, Min ULg

Scientific conference (2007, April 19)

This paper presents some functions of WebCT and shows how they are used for the needs of two seminars: le séminaire d’Actualité politique belge (2ème licence en sciences politiques) and le séminaire de ... [more ▼]

This paper presents some functions of WebCT and shows how they are used for the needs of two seminars: le séminaire d’Actualité politique belge (2ème licence en sciences politiques) and le séminaire de Politiques comparées (2ème bachelier en sciences politiques). These two seminars are taught by Prof. Bernard Fournier. First, we discuss the connections between WebCT and other e-tools such as web sites. Then, we present the functions of WebCT used in the two seminars. Finally, we explore some possible developments for e-learning environments and raise some general comments. [less ▲]

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See detailDu diagnostic préalable à la stratégie de reprise de la PME : un état de la question
Van Caillie, Didier ULg; Santin, Sarah

Scientific conference (2007, April 18)

This conference discusses how to realize a coherent diagnosis before transmitting a SME and proposes a methodology to translate this diagnosis into an operational transfer strategy.

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