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See detailTowards (perceived) latency minimisation in audio-conferencing systems over application-level multicast
Blundell, N.; Mathy, Laurent ULg

in Systems, Man and Cybernetics, 2004 IEEE International Conference on (2004)

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See detailInterspecific hybridization with Phaseolus vulgaris L.: embryo development and its genetics.
Baudoin, Jean-Pierre ULg; Silue, S.; Geerts, P. et al

in Recent Research Developments in Genetics & Breeding. Vol. 1, Part II (2004)

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See detailMinimising perceived latency in audio-conferencing systems over application-level multicast
Blundell, N.; Mathy, Laurent ULg

in Proceedings of MIPS Workshop (2004)

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See detailCommencer par la phénoménologie hylétique ?
Laoureux, Sébastien; Leclercq, Bruno ULg; Seron, Denis ULg

in Etudes Phénoménologiques (2004), XX(39-40), 1-283

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See detailAnalyse critique des techniques d'estimation du nombre d'unites motrices.
Wang, François-Charles ULg; Gerard, Pascale ULg; Bouquiaux, Olivier ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2004), 59 Suppl 1

It is now 30 years since the first motor unit number estimation (MUNE) technique was introduced by Allan McComas as a way of providing an objective, sensitive and reproducible means of measuring the ... [more ▼]

It is now 30 years since the first motor unit number estimation (MUNE) technique was introduced by Allan McComas as a way of providing an objective, sensitive and reproducible means of measuring the number of motor axons in living human muscle or muscle group. MUNE techniques have substantially evolved over the past decade and have been applied, with increasing frequency, to the study of age effects on motoneurone population and muscle denervating disorders such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), spinal muscular atrophy, poliomyelitis and different types of inherited and acquired peripheral neuropathies. In the future, one of the most important topics involving MUNE, will probably be its use in monitoring the progress of ALS patients undergoing experimental drug trials. However, among incremental, multiple point stimulation, spike-triggered averaging, F-wave analysis and statistical methods, there is no consensus about the best MUNE method. There is only a general feeling that some techniques are more valid than others. For this reason, in the present review, brief descriptions of the distinct MUNE methods are presented. In the second part of the paper, advantages and limitations (alternation, sampling errors, temporal registration etc...) of the most commonly employed procedures are considered. [less ▲]

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See detailEarly neurophysiological diagnosis of true neurogenic « thoracic outlet syndrome » (TOS)
Hua, MT; DUBUISSON, Annie ULg; Zeevaert, Bernard et al

Poster (2004)

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See detailLe management des connaissances: une révolution pour la GRH?
Robert, Jocelyne ULg

Article for general public (2004)

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See detailProbing the origins, diagnosis and treatment of amyloid diseases using antibodies.
Dumoulin, Mireille ULg; Dobson, Christopher

in Biochimie (2004), 86

The deposition of proteins in the form of amyloid fibrils is the characteristic feature of more than 20 medical conditions affecting the central nervous system or a variety of peripheral tissues. These ... [more ▼]

The deposition of proteins in the form of amyloid fibrils is the characteristic feature of more than 20 medical conditions affecting the central nervous system or a variety of peripheral tissues. These disorders, which include Alzheimer's disease, the prion diseases and type II diabetes, are of enormous importance in the context of present-day human health and welfare. Extensive research is therefore being carried out to define the molecular details of the mechanism of the pathological conversion of amyloidogenic proteins from their soluble forms into fibrillar structures. This review focuses on recent studies that demonstrate the power of using antibodies or antibody fragments to probe the process of fibril formation, and discusses the emerging potential of these species as diagnostic and therapeutic agents. [less ▲]

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See detailCyclodextrins as a potential carrier in drug nebulization.
Evrard, Brigitte ULg; Bertholet, P.; Guéders, Maud ULg et al

in Journal of Controlled Release (2004), 96(3), 403-10

The inhalation route is widely studied for many drug applications focusing on either local or systemic distributions. One matter of concern is the solubilization of hydrophobic drugs. We have studied the ... [more ▼]

The inhalation route is widely studied for many drug applications focusing on either local or systemic distributions. One matter of concern is the solubilization of hydrophobic drugs. We have studied the feasibility of using different cyclodextrins (CDs) to elaborate pharmaceutical formulations for the inhalation route and tested the short-term toxicity of such formulations administered by inhalation to C57BL/6 mice. We have shown that HP-beta-CD, gamma-CD, as well as RAMEB aqueous solutions can undergo aerosolization and that the resulting droplet-size ranges are compatible with pulmonary deposition. In vivo, we have demonstrated that short-term exposure to inhaled HP-beta-CD, gamma-CD and RAMEB solutions are non-toxic after assessing bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), lung and kidney histology, bronchial responsiveness to methacholine and blood urea. The only change noted is a slight increase in lymphocyte count in the BAL after HP-beta-CD and gamma-CD inhalation. We conclude that CDs are useful in significantly enhancing the solubility of apolar drugs with a view to inhalation therapy although an increase in lymphocyte counts in the BAL after CDs inhalations needs further investigations. [less ▲]

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See detailCommunity-based wildlife management in Burkina Faso : the experiments of the Nazinga Ranch and W park
Vermeulen, Cédric ULg

in Game and Wildlife Science (2004), 21(3), 313-326

Le Burkina Faso reste le seul pays d’Afrique occidentale à posséder une législation où, au moins légalement, la gestion cynégétique de la faune sauvage par les populations locales est devenue une réalité ... [more ▼]

Le Burkina Faso reste le seul pays d’Afrique occidentale à posséder une législation où, au moins légalement, la gestion cynégétique de la faune sauvage par les populations locales est devenue une réalité. Les textes de loi prévoient en effet la possibilité pour les populations de délimiter sur leurs terroirs des zones dévolues à la chasse commerciale, d’y faire venir des chasseurs et de rétrocéder à l’État la part des recettes qui lui est due. La loi prévoit également la constitution de Comités Villageois de Gestion de la Faune (CVGF), structures rattachées aux Comités Villageois de Gestion de Terroir (CVGT) et reconnues dans le processus de décentralisation en cours. L’opportunité de construire une conservation de la faune sauvage servant directement le développement local existe donc. Dans la pratique, il reste encore beaucoup d’étapes à franchir avant que des Zones Villageoises d’Intérêt Cynégétique (ZOVIC) réellement autonomes et indépendantes financièrement ne prennent corps. Les résistances au niveau institutionnel et privé ne manquent pas, et seule la démonstration de la capacité des populations locales à relever ce défi pourra faire évoluer les mentalités. Les premières ZOVIC ont été mises en place à partir de 2000 dans les périphéries du Ranch de Nazinga (1 276 ha de ZOVIC) et du Parc du W (1 790 ha de ZOVIC). Ces expériences ont été la source de riches enseignements dans des contextes particuliers de tensions foncières, liés soit à une importante immigration humaine dans le cas de la ZOVIC du Ranch de Nazinga, soit à une course au coton dans celui des ZOVIC du Parc du W. Elles ont montré que la gestion cynégétique villageoise nécessitait des besoins de formation importants et qu’elle devait faire face aux classiques enjeux techniques (préservation de l’habitat, gestion de la faune, quotas d’abattage dont l’application reste parfois aléatoire en raison de la petite taille des zones délimitées, etc.). Les ZOVIC ont aussi soulevé le problème du rapport de la communauté rurale à l’espace et au foncier, celui fonctionnement des structures locales de gestion et de leur fusion avec le système politique coutumier local, et celui de la réelle volonté de l’univers administratif et privé de la chasse à partager la rente cynégétique avec les populations locales. La gestion cynégétique villageoise doit donc être comprise comme un exercice de démocratie directe et comme la voie vers la gestion globale des terroirs villageois. Au-delà de l’aspect technique lié à la faune et à sa gestion durable, la réussite de ces expériences devrait également annoncer la pratique d’une chasse plus sociale et plus équitable, où les populations locales participeraient davantage au partage du flux financier. [less ▲]

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See detailL’enseignement et la connaissance de la matière des professeurs d’EPS. Le cas de la natation dans un lycée de l’agglomération grenobloise
Attikleme, Kossivi; Tanimomo, Libéral; Cloes, Marc ULg et al

in Revue de l'Education Physique (2004), 44(3), 83-93

Le but de cette étude est de montrer, d'une part, dans le système éducatif français, les diverses transformations ou modifications que les enseignants d'EPS font subir aux pratiques sportives lorsqu'ils ... [more ▼]

Le but de cette étude est de montrer, d'une part, dans le système éducatif français, les diverses transformations ou modifications que les enseignants d'EPS font subir aux pratiques sportives lorsqu'ils ont la volonté de les enseigner et, d'autre part, de mettre en évidence la connaissance de la nage qui caractérise chacun d'eux ou qui sous-tend le processus de transformation qu'ils opèrent en matière d'enseignement. C'est en effet un processus qui n'est pas spécifique au système éducatif français organisé au collège en cycles d'étude. ... [less ▲]

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See detailRapport final de synthèse du projet 4M-µPompe (2001-2003)
Raucent, Benoit; Dereine, E.; Smal, Olivier et al

Report (2004)

The 4M-µpump project attempts to breach the gap between traditional mechanics and micro mechanics and this in two ways. The first one consists in producing a general set of rules suitable for the ... [more ▼]

The 4M-µpump project attempts to breach the gap between traditional mechanics and micro mechanics and this in two ways. The first one consists in producing a general set of rules suitable for the miniaturisation of well-known macromachines. The second one consists in developing this fundamental aspect of the research through the design and realization of an implantable pump dedicated to the administration of medication agents inside the human body. The project thus touches upon the field of design, manufacturing, metrology and assembly of mini components as well as the study of minimotors. [less ▲]

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See detailModave/Modave : Fouilles préhistoriques au site du Trou Al'Wesse
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Otte, Marcel ULg

in Chronique de l'Archéologie Wallonne (2004), 12

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See detailLe site du Trou Al'Wesse (comm. de Modave) : Campagne de fouille 2004
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Zwyns, Nicolas; Otte, Marcel ULg

in Notae Praehistoricae (2004), 24

This article present the discovery context of Neolithic ceramic sherds in stratum 4 (formerly attributed to the Late Mesolithic) at Trou Al'Wesse. The vertical distribution of the archaeological material ... [more ▼]

This article present the discovery context of Neolithic ceramic sherds in stratum 4 (formerly attributed to the Late Mesolithic) at Trou Al'Wesse. The vertical distribution of the archaeological material and stratigraphic data demonstrate that these sherds do not belong to the Mesolithic assemblage. Post-depositional processes in front of the cave entrance have reworked these sherds and Mesolithic lithic artifacts. The stratigraphy also shows that, against the walls, there is no mixture between the two occupations. [less ▲]

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See detailLes tachycardies supraventriculaires paroxystiques.
Melon, P.; Pierard, Luc ULg

in Revue medicale de Liege (2004), 59(5), 307-10

Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardias are often encountered in young and otherwise healthy patients. They are rarely life threatening even though they may alter the quality of life. In this article, we ... [more ▼]

Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardias are often encountered in young and otherwise healthy patients. They are rarely life threatening even though they may alter the quality of life. In this article, we review the acute treatment of an episod of tachycardia and the prevention of recurrences. [less ▲]

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See detailLes arythmies ventriculaires.
Waleffe, A.; Pierard, Luc ULg

in Revue medicale de Liege (2004), 59(4), 190-5

Tachycardias arise from an arrhythmogenic substrate triggered by a random factor (generally an extrasystole) and modulated by the autonomic nervous system. The three components are interactive, but their ... [more ▼]

Tachycardias arise from an arrhythmogenic substrate triggered by a random factor (generally an extrasystole) and modulated by the autonomic nervous system. The three components are interactive, but their intensity and conjunction vary continuously. During the last decade, major achievements have been made to clarify definition and classification of data reported in the literature, helping our understanding of the mechanisms of ventricular arrhythmias. Nowadays, the pathophysiology of cardiac arrhythmias is well-known at the cellular and molecular ion channel activity. The progress of epidemiology and molecular genetics have allowed a better knowledge of the genotype-phenotype correlation in young patients presenting syncopes due to torsades de pointes or polymorphic ventricular tachychardia episodes which may degenerate into ventricular fibrillation and cause sudden death. The data of numerous large prospective randomised studies have led to more rational treatments with the progressive withdrawal of class I antiarrhythmics and their replacement by betablocking agents. The surgical approach of ventricular tachycardia has been overcome by the automatic implantable defibrillator and in some well-defined clinical situations, catheter ablation is used. [less ▲]

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See detailLingopti project: semi-continuous casting process of copper-nickel alloys
Pecquet, Etienne ULg; Volles, Ralf; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 21st International Congress of Theoritical and Applied Mechanics (2004)

The following text deals with casting of copper-nickel alloys. They are high added values materials. The research contains two main parts. Laboratory tests (completed with bibliography) that provide ... [more ▼]

The following text deals with casting of copper-nickel alloys. They are high added values materials. The research contains two main parts. Laboratory tests (completed with bibliography) that provide thermal and mechanical properties of the ingot and the mould but also heat transfer coefficients between the ingot and its environment (mould, air and water). These parameters are required in the second part : development and validation of numerical modelization by the finite element method to optimise the industrial process. [less ▲]

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See detailLe nouveau régime des décisions étrangères dans le Code de droit international privé
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in Revue de Droit Judiciaire et de la Preuve = Tijdschrift voor Procesrecht en Bewijsrecht (2004)

In this paper, I offer a thorough analysis of the provisions of the Code of Private International law (Act of 16 July 2004) regarding the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments in Belgium (artt ... [more ▼]

In this paper, I offer a thorough analysis of the provisions of the Code of Private International law (Act of 16 July 2004) regarding the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments in Belgium (artt. 22 ff). The emphasis is on the differences with the regime which prevailed before the entry into force of the Code. At the same time I indicate what differences remain between the regime put in place by the Code and the one prevailing within the European Judicial Area, with Regulation 44/2001 as main comparison point. [less ▲]

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