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See detailPlausible values : how to deal with their limitations
Monseur, Christian ULg; Adams, Ray

in Journal of Applied Measurement (2009), 10(3),

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See detailSexual size dimorphism in the evolutionary context of facultative paedomorphosis: insights from European newts
Denoël, Mathieu ULg; Ivanovic, Ana; Dzukic, Georg et al

in BMC Evolutionary Biology (2009), 9

BACKGROUND:Sexual size dimorphism (SSD) is a key evolutionary feature that has been studied in many organisms. In a wide range of species, this pattern is more complex because of polymorphism within each ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND:Sexual size dimorphism (SSD) is a key evolutionary feature that has been studied in many organisms. In a wide range of species, this pattern is more complex because of polymorphism within each sex. However, it is not known whether the magnitude and direction of SSD could be affected by alternative developmental trajectories within sexes. Our aim was to test whether an intrasexual polymorphism, facultative paedomorphosis (a process in which the development of somatic and gonadal tissues differs in alternative morphs), could affect SSD variation patterns in European newts. RESULTS:We report here the first evidence that SSD varies depending on the paedomorphic or metamorphic ontogenetic pathway. In species with a consistent female-biased SSD, paedomorphosis decreased the SSD level, but did not affect its direction. In species with moderate female-biased SSD or variable SSD patterns, paedomorphosis changed the magnitude, or both the magnitude and the direction, of SSD. CONCLUSIONS:Our study highlights the importance of developmental processes for shaping SSD patterns in populations in which contrasting life-history pathways evolved. European newts express different SSD patterns depending on their developmental pathway (i.e., metamorphosis versus paedomorphosis), as well as their species and population. These findings emphasize the importance of studying alternative morphotypes, which are found in a wide range of animal groups, to understand the evolution of SSD. [less ▲]

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See detailNouveaux développement dans le traitement de la dépression
PITCHOT, William ULg; Scantamburlo, Gabrielle ULg; Constant, Eric et al

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (2009)

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See detailIl ritorno di due «uomini contro»? Campanella e Bonhoeffer in Maffia e Affinati
Curreri, Luciano ULg

in Cahiers d'études italiennes (2009), 9

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See detailImpact des antidépresseurs au niveau pondéral
DEBRUN, Arielle; PITCHOT, William ULg

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (2009)

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See detailLes troubles anxieux
PITCHOT, William ULg

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (2009)

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See detailTroubles autistiques ou troubles de l'attachement? Une frontière floue et mal définie
DENIS, Catherine; JACQUART, Julie; PITCHOT, William ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009)

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See detailLinguistic Counterpoint in Gbenga Agbenugba's Another Lonely Londoner
Tunca, Daria ULg

in Matatu : Journal for African Culture and Society (2009), 36

This essay examines Gbenga Agbenugba’s Another Lonely Londoner (1991), a rarely discussed novel recounting the experiences of a young Nigerian man living in London. The narrative is written in an ... [more ▼]

This essay examines Gbenga Agbenugba’s Another Lonely Londoner (1991), a rarely discussed novel recounting the experiences of a young Nigerian man living in London. The narrative is written in an experimental style mixing English with Nigerian Pidgin, and including elements of Nigerian English, Black British English, Cockney, and Yoruba. By way of introduction, Agbenugba’s work is briefly discussed in relation to the novel that inspired it, Sam Selvon’s The Lonely Londoners (1956). An analysis is then undertaken of the interaction between English and Nigerian Pidgin in Another Lonely Londoner, both in dialogue and in narrative passages, with a view to assessing the impact of the combined use of these languages on possible literary interpretations of the novel. The other codes, varieties, and linguistic influences revealed in the book also receive systematic treatment, and it gradually appears that all these elements combine to produce a complex polyphonic work mirroring the main character’s multifarious identity. [less ▲]

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See detailDas Wildschwein und die geheimnisvolle Insel
Gerkens, Jean-François ULg

in Festschrift für Rolf Knütel zum 70. Geburtstag (2009)

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See detailNeuroplasticité, neurogenèse et dépression : Considérations cliniques
Constant, Eric; PITCHOT, William ULg; Floris, Michel et al

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (2009)

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See detailLa fédération belge
Reuchamps, Min ULg; Onclin, François ULg

in Fournier, Bernard; Reuchamps, Min (Eds.) Le fédéralisme en Belgique et au Canada. Comparaison sociopolitique (2009)

The current Belgian federation is the product of a long and slow process of federalisation which started in the 1960’s but which find its multiple roots before that time and was mainly the result of the ... [more ▼]

The current Belgian federation is the product of a long and slow process of federalisation which started in the 1960’s but which find its multiple roots before that time and was mainly the result of the pressure of the Flemish movement. History can thus explain the originality – and the complexity – of the Belgian federal structure. This federal structure is made of a federal Authority, three Communities and three Regions. In this introductory chapter, we present the origins, the formation and the evolution of the Belgian federation. We then describe its structure, the institutions and the actors. [less ▲]

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See detailPRIVAATRECHT EN RECHTSVERGELIJKING: WAT IS DE PLAATS VAN DE GESCHIEDENIS?
Gerkens, Jean-François ULg

in Tijdschrift voor Privaatrecht (2009), (4), 1737-1758

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See detailClassification of worldwide bovine tuberculosis risk factors in cattle: a stratified approach.
Humblet, Marie-France ULg; Boschiroli, Maria Laura; Saegerman, Claude ULg

in Veterinary Research (2009), 40(5), 50

The worldwide status of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) as a zoonosis remains of great concern. This article reviews the main risk factors for bTB in cattle based on a three-level classification: animal, herd ... [more ▼]

The worldwide status of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) as a zoonosis remains of great concern. This article reviews the main risk factors for bTB in cattle based on a three-level classification: animal, herd and region/country level. A distinction is also made, whenever possible, between situations in developed and developing countries as the difference of context might have consequences in terms of risk of bTB. Recommendations are suggested to animal health professionals and scientists directly involved in the control and prevention of bTB in cattle. The determination of Millennium Development Goals for bTB is proposed to improve the control/eradication of the disease worldwide. [less ▲]

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See detailFeline herpesvirus 1 and feline calicivirus infections in a heterogeneous cat population of a rescue shelter.
Zicola, Angélique ULg; Saegerman, Claude ULg; Quatpers, Dominique et al

in Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery (2009), 11(12), 1023-7

Feline herpesvirus 1 (FeHV-1) and feline calicivirus (FCV), associated with upper respiratory tract disease, are highly prevalent in cats worldwide. With the aim to investigate the importance of feline ... [more ▼]

Feline herpesvirus 1 (FeHV-1) and feline calicivirus (FCV), associated with upper respiratory tract disease, are highly prevalent in cats worldwide. With the aim to investigate the importance of feline respiratory viruses in a heterogeneous population of cats, samples were taken in a rescue shelter in Liege, Belgium, between March 2005 and August 2006. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were performed to diagnose FCV and FeHV-1 infection in the sampled cats. The prevalence rate (33.1%) was higher for FCV than for FeHV-1 (20.1%) whereas prevalence rate of co-infection with both viruses was 10%. Gingivitis was more common in FCV infections (odds ratio (OR)=2.83) whereas respiratory signs were more often observed with FeHV-1 infections. The average age was significantly higher in FCV positive cats (38 months) than in FeHV-1 positive cats (29.9 months). The second and the fourth quarters of the year and the two first quarters were significantly more at risk than the others in the case of FeHV-1 and FCV infection, respectively. Age was found to be a confounding factor. High prevalence of both infections strengthens the importance of applying hygienic and preventive measures in rescue shelters where cats with an unknown status of vaccination are introduced. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental reproduction of bluetongue virus serotype 8 clinical disease in calves.
Dal Pozzo, Fabiana ULg; De Clercq, Kris; Guyot, Hugues ULg et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (2009), 136(3-4), 352-8

Cattle are commonly subclinically infected following natural or experimental infection with bluetongue virus (BTV). The introduction of BTV serotype 8 (BTV-8) in Europe has been characterized by the ... [more ▼]

Cattle are commonly subclinically infected following natural or experimental infection with bluetongue virus (BTV). The introduction of BTV serotype 8 (BTV-8) in Europe has been characterized by the manifestation of clinical signs in infected cattle. In order to study the pathogenesis of BTV-8 in this host, an animal model able to reproduce the clinical manifestations of the disease is required. In this work, two calves were subcutaneously and intravenously injected with a low passage cell-adapted strain of BTV-8. Both calves showed typical bluetongue clinical signs, including pyrexia, ocular discharge, conjunctivitis, oral mucosal congestion, development of ulcers and necrotic lesions on the lips and tongue, submandibular oedema, coronitis and oedema of the coronet and pastern region. A score was assigned depending on the severity of the lesions and a total clinical score was calculated for each animal daily and at the end of the experiment. Both calves became viraemic 24h post-infection and seroconversion occurred between 7 and 11 days P.I. In this study we present the development of a protocol of infection in calves able to reproduce the severity of the lesions observed with BTV-8 in field conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailUne intentionnalité pratique et contextuelle chez le Heidegger de 1919-1929 ?
Gauvry, Charlotte ULg

in Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (2009), V(10),

L’article entend montrer que la réécriture heideggérienne de la notion husserlienne d’intentionnalité, réécriture herméneutique, contextuelle et pratique de 1919 à 1923, réécriture ontologique et ... [more ▼]

L’article entend montrer que la réécriture heideggérienne de la notion husserlienne d’intentionnalité, réécriture herméneutique, contextuelle et pratique de 1919 à 1923, réécriture ontologique et temporelle de 1923 à 1929 aboutit à une double dissolution de la notion qui témoigne de l’irréductible divergence entre la pensée de Heidegger et la phénoménologie husserlienne. [less ▲]

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See detailInformation Literacy in Students Entering Higher Education in the French Speaking Community of Belgium: lessons learned from an evaluation
Thirion, Paul ULg; Pochet, Bernard ULg

in IFLA Journal (2009), 35(2), 152-170

Although universities are providing more and more information literacy training for their undergraduate students, the students’ real level of information literacy at the beginning of their studies has ... [more ▼]

Although universities are providing more and more information literacy training for their undergraduate students, the students’ real level of information literacy at the beginning of their studies has never been assessed. Hence EduDOC has decided to team up with the CIUF ‘Library’ Commission in order to organize a wide study aiming at objectively describing this initial level of information literacy, at identifying the students’ main weaknesses, as well as allowing instructors to adjust their training on this basis. The questionnaire was based on a similar study carried out in Québec and contains 20 questions grouped in five themes relating to information search steps. It was sent in September 2007 to a random sample of students entering a higher education institution in the French Speaking Community of Belgium for the first time. The students’ rather poor results confirm that organizing an information literacy program is imperative if students are to perform well in their studies. [less ▲]

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