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See detailL'aide à l'arrêt du tabagisme : la réussite au long terme
Delvaux, Muriel ULg; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg; Gaillard, Jean-François et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(1), 27-30

This review deals with the pharmacological and psychological means to help in smoking cessation and compares the efficacy of the different methods. Pharmacological support results in a smoking cessation ... [more ▼]

This review deals with the pharmacological and psychological means to help in smoking cessation and compares the efficacy of the different methods. Pharmacological support results in a smoking cessation rate reaching at best 20-25%. The efficacy of behavioural and cognitive therapy have been much less validated so far. Multidisciplinary specialized centres for helping smokers have been raised under the care of FARES in the French Community of Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailThe role of physical workload and pain related fear in the development of low back pain in young workers: evidence from the BelCoBack Study; results after one year of follow up
Van Nieuwenhuyse, A.; Somville, Pierre-René ULg; Crombez, G. et al

in Occupational and Environmental Medicine (2006), 63(1), 45-52

Aims: To study the influence of work related physical and psychosocial factors and individual characteristics on the occurrence of low back pain among young and pain free workers. Methods: The Belgian ... [more ▼]

Aims: To study the influence of work related physical and psychosocial factors and individual characteristics on the occurrence of low back pain among young and pain free workers. Methods: The Belgian Cohort Back Study was designed as a prospective cohort study. The study population of this paper consisted of 716 young healthcare or distribution workers without low back pain lasting seven or more consecutive days during the year before inclusion. The median age was 26 years with an interquartile range between 24 and 29 years. At baseline, these workers filled in a questionnaire with physical exposures, work related psychosocial factors and individual characteristics. One year later, the occurrence of low back pain lasting seven or more consecutive days and some of its characteristics were registered by means of a questionnaire. To assess the respective role of predictors at baseline on the occurrence of low back pain in the following year, Cox regression with a constant risk period for all subjects was applied. Results: After one year of follow up, 12.6% (95% CI 10.1 to 15.0) of the 716 workers had developed low back pain lasting seven or more consecutive days. An increased risk was observed for working with the trunk in a bent and twisted position for more than two hours a day (RR 2.2, 95% CI 1.2 to 4.1), inability to change posture regularly (RR 2.1, 95% CI 1.3 to 3.5), back complaints in the year before inclusion (RR 1.7, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.8), and high scores of pain related fear (RR 1.8, 95% CI 1.0 to 3.1). Work related psychosocial factors and physical factors during leisure time were not predictive. Conclusion: This study highlighted the importance of physical work factors and revealed the importance of high scores of pain related fear in the development of low back pain among young workers. [less ▲]

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See detailNo association between C-reactive protein gene polymorphisms and decrease of C-reactive protein serum concentration after infliximab treatment in Crohn's disease
Willot, S.; Vermeire, S.; Ohresser, M. et al

in Pharmacogenetics and Genomics (2006), 16(1), 37-42

We recently showed an association between the FCGR3A V/F polymorphism and the biological response [assessed on the basis of a C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration decrease] to infliximab in Crohn's ... [more ▼]

We recently showed an association between the FCGR3A V/F polymorphism and the biological response [assessed on the basis of a C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration decrease] to infliximab in Crohn's disease. The CRP and FCGR3A genes are located on the same 1q23 locus. The present study aimed: 0) to exclude a linkage disequilibrium (LD) between the two genes and 00 to study the association between CRP polymorphisms and the response to infliximab, particularly the decrease in CRP after treatment, in Crohn's disease patients. FCGR3A (V/F) polymorphism and three CRP polymorphisms (- 717G/A, 1444C/T, CRP 4A/G) were determined in 206 healthy blood donors and 189 Crohn's disease patients who had received infliximab for either refractory luminal or fistulizing Crohn's disease. Clinical response was defined as complete, partial or absent according to the same definition as in controlled trials. The biological response was defined on the basis of CRP decrease. There was no LID between CRP and FCGR3A in healthy donors or Crohn's disease patients. CRP polymorphisms had no impact on CRP decrease after infliximab. The proportions of Crohn's disease having a positive clinical or biological response were not statistically different among the various genotypes of CRP polymorphisms. There was no LD between CRP and FCGR3A polymorphisms. CRP polymorphisms were not associated with the response to infliximab in Crohn's disease. Pharmacogenetics and Genomics 16:37-42. (c) 2006 Lippincott Williams [less ▲]

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See detailOne's Own Face Is Hard to Ignore
Brédart, Serge ULg; Delchambre, Marie ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg

in Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology (2006), 59(1), 46-52

One's own face possesses two properties that make it prone to grab attention: It is a face, and, in addition, it is a self-referential stimulus. The question of whether the self-face is actually an ... [more ▼]

One's own face possesses two properties that make it prone to grab attention: It is a face, and, in addition, it is a self-referential stimulus. The question of whether the self-face is actually an especially attention-grabbing stimulus was addressed by using a face-name interference paradigm. We investigated whether interference from a flanking self-face on the processing of a target classmate's name was stronger than interference from a classmate's flanking face on the processing of one's own name as the target. In a control condition a third familiar face served as the flanker for both decisions from the participant's own name and from the classmate's name. The presentation of the self-face as a flanker produced significantly more interference on the identification of a classmate's name than the presentation of that classmate's face did on the identification of one's own name. This result was due to the interfering power of the self-face and not to a particular resistance of one's name to interfering facial stimuli. We argue that the emotional value or the high familiarity of one's own face may explain its attention-grabbing property. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of the metabolic safety of aripiprazole
De Hert, M.; Van Eyck, D.; Hanssens, L. et al

in Schizophrenia Research (2006, January), 81(Suppl. S), 133

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See detailLe juge constitutionnel, un législateur-cadre positif
Behrendt, Christian ULg

Book published by Bruylant and LGDJ. 537 pages (2006)

The book lays out the influence of the constitutional courts of France, Germany and Belgium on the respective legislative powers of these countries.

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See detailEtude des protéines totales et de l’ADN issus des feuilles de Moricandia arvensis collectées de quatre régions du sud tunisien
Hasnaoui, Nejib ULg; Daly, Dalia; Haj Khelil, Amel et al

in Revue des Régions Arides (2006)

A partir des protéines et de l'ADN extraits des feuilles de Moricandia arvensis, collectées de quatre régions du sud tunisien, nous avons étudié la variabilité de cette plante reconnue pour ses vertus ... [more ▼]

A partir des protéines et de l'ADN extraits des feuilles de Moricandia arvensis, collectées de quatre régions du sud tunisien, nous avons étudié la variabilité de cette plante reconnue pour ses vertus médicinales. Nous avons analysé d’une part les protéines totales extraites puis séparées par la technique SDS-PAGE. Cette méthode a révélé un degré de similitude très remarquable entre les plantes issues des quatre régions et qui varie entre 0.77 et 0.91. Nous avons effectué d’autre part, une analyse de la variabilité génétique par l’amplification aléatoire de l'ADN polymorphe par la technique PCR-RAPD en utilisant trois amorces différentes. Nous avons remarqué que la similitude est plus accentuée entre les plantes collectées des régions du Sud Ouest, avec un degré de similitude pouvant atteindre 100%. Celles issues du Sud Est présentent un degré de similitude de 66%. [less ▲]

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See detailLe financement par l'Etat fédéral des ministres des cultes et des délégués du Conseil central laïque. Rapport de la Commission des sages
Rigaux, Marie-François; Mortier, Freddy; Drijkoningen, Jonny et al

Report (2006)

This reports proposes an analysis of the current mechanism for recognizing and financing religious and philosophical communities in Belgium. It examines in depth all questions regarding salaries and ... [more ▼]

This reports proposes an analysis of the current mechanism for recognizing and financing religious and philosophical communities in Belgium. It examines in depth all questions regarding salaries and pensions of clerics and humanist delegates. Other apsects of the public financing of religous and phlosophical communities are also dealt with, including criteria on religious participation, religious identity and other means for "counting religions". A last part is dedicated to recommandations for reforming the current federal part of the public financing scheme. [less ▲]

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See detailNodules de la thyroide
Borges-Martins, L.; Betea, Daniela ULg; Thiry, Anne-Marie ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(5-6, May-Jun), 309-16

Thyroid nodules are commonly encountered in clinical practice. They are present in 4 to 7% of the population by neck palpation and 30 to 50% by ultrasonography. Most are benign and could be neglected by ... [more ▼]

Thyroid nodules are commonly encountered in clinical practice. They are present in 4 to 7% of the population by neck palpation and 30 to 50% by ultrasonography. Most are benign and could be neglected by the clinician and his patient. However, 5% of nodules are malignant, requiring surgical treatment; therefore, an exhaustive evaluation is needed. The diagnostic approach includes physical examination, laboratory analysis, ultrasonography, radioisotope imaging, and fine needle aspiration. This article, based on the literature and the authors'experience, provides recommandations for thyroid nodule management. [less ▲]

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See detailREMOVAL OF PCDD/FS AND DL-PCBS FROM FISH OILS BY VOLATILISATION PROCEDURES
Carbonnelle, Sophie; Eppe, Gauthier ULg; Hellebosch, L. et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2006)

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See detailThe usefulness of VHR images for public administrations in an urban hilly region
Binard, Marc ULg; Cornet, Yves ULg; Donnay, Jean-Paul ULg

in Marçal, André (Ed.) "Global Developments in Environmental Earth Observation from Space" (2006)

This paper presents some results of the SPIDER project currently achieved in and around the city of Liège located in a hilly landscape. A Quick Bird image bundle product acquired on the 26th September ... [more ▼]

This paper presents some results of the SPIDER project currently achieved in and around the city of Liège located in a hilly landscape. A Quick Bird image bundle product acquired on the 26th September 2003 is used. Digital spatial data like Very High Resolution (VHR) satellite images could be provided to the public authorities of the Walloon region thanks to the Walloon cartographic gateway. In urban context and especially in hilly region, such images must be orthorectified using a Digital Surface Model (DSM). A 1 m resolution DSM was elaborated by exploiting all the 3D data available in the study area. Firstly, a TIN was generated from vector data (points, lines and polygons) selected, on the one hand, from the 1:50 000 (DTED-WGS) and the 1:10 000 (DTM- 10000, Top10v-GIS) cartographic database provided by the Belgian NGI and, on the other hand, from the 1:1 000 3D topographic database of the Walloon region (PICC). Then the TIN was rasterised and the DSM airborne LIDAR acquired along the main river-valleys is superimposed on the result. The ortho-image was then produced. The public authorities consider it as an end-product by itself which could be used in the place of the obsolete aerial orthophotos in the fast changing urban areas. Normally, the ortho-image of Liège should be available on the map server of the Walloon region in 2005, in order to check its usefulness for local and regional authorities. Moreover the local planning agency wish to take the opportunity of this study to update the spatial databases covering industrial and business development areas delineated on the urban plan. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte-rendu de R. GLASER, Klimageschichte Mitteleuropas. 1000 Jahre Wetter, Klima, Katastrophen, Darmstadt, 2001
Alexandre, Pierre ULg

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2006), 84

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See detailImproved PRESS sequence for lactate detection in the human vitreous body
Balteau, Evelyne ULg; COLLIGNON, Nathalie ULg; Robe, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of the International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (2006), 14

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See detailComment des théories didactiques permettent-elles de penser le transfert en mathématiques ou dans d'autres disciplines ?
Schneider, Marguerite ULg

in Recherches en Didactique des Mathématiques (2006), 26(1), 9-38

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See detailManifestations cutanées des pathologies endocriniennes
Quatresooz, Pascale ULg; Thirion, Laurence; Pierard, Claudine ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(2), 104-8

Some cutaneous lesions accompany or reveal endocrine disorders. Identifying the endocrinopathy is very important because it sometimes allows corrective rather than symptomatic treatment. The most ... [more ▼]

Some cutaneous lesions accompany or reveal endocrine disorders. Identifying the endocrinopathy is very important because it sometimes allows corrective rather than symptomatic treatment. The most frequenly involved diseases include thyrotoxicosis, hypothyroidism, the auto-immune disorders of thyroid, Cushing syndrome, Addison disease, acromegaly, androgen-dependent disorders, hypopituitarism, hypoparathyroidism, pseudohypoparathyroidism and diabetes mellitus. [less ▲]

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See detailComment j'explore... Une valeur élevée de calcitonine?
Rikir, Estelle ULg; Valdes Socin, Hernan Gonzalo ULg; Vroonen, Laurent ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(3), 195-200

This article describes a case of lung cancer with associated hypercalcitoninemia in a man with a goitre. The case raises the problem of the differential diagnosis between medullary thyroid carcinoma and a ... [more ▼]

This article describes a case of lung cancer with associated hypercalcitoninemia in a man with a goitre. The case raises the problem of the differential diagnosis between medullary thyroid carcinoma and a neuroendocrine neoplasm with ectopic calcitonin secretion. The article first reviews the physiology of calcitonin, then outlines the diagnostic tests that are required to investigate hypercalcitoninemia and finally discusses the interpretation of test results. [less ▲]

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