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See detailThe guidelines on the application of article 81(3) EC: A critical review
Petit, Nicolas ULg

E-print/Working paper (2009)

To date, the European Commission has not yet made use of the novel guidance instruments established under Regulation 1/2003 (Article 10 inapplicability decisions, guidance letters, etc.), or taken any ... [more ▼]

To date, the European Commission has not yet made use of the novel guidance instruments established under Regulation 1/2003 (Article 10 inapplicability decisions, guidance letters, etc.), or taken any exemption decision pursuant to Article 81(3). The "brave new world" of Regulation 1/2003 is thus a competition enforcement system devoid of individual guidance and positive decisions. That is not to say, however, that firms have been left without formal guidance. In early 2004, the Commission issued Guidelines on Article 81(3), which set out the methodological and substantive framework for the self-assessment of agreements under Article 81(3). The present paper paper offers a critical review of those Guidelines and explains why, in practice, firms and their counsels have repeatedly argued that this text is unpractical and thus of little use. [less ▲]

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See detailEnjeu climatique : Quel coût pour l’inaction ?
Ozer, Pierre ULg

in Politique : Revue de Débats (2009), Hors-série 12

Sans cesse, nous sommes assommés par une kyrielle de messages publicitaires qui passent la rampe sans le moindre problème et prônent un certain mode de société. Un supermarché exhorte « Vivez comme vous ... [more ▼]

Sans cesse, nous sommes assommés par une kyrielle de messages publicitaires qui passent la rampe sans le moindre problème et prônent un certain mode de société. Un supermarché exhorte « Vivez comme vous voulez », l’autre clame « Et tout devient possible ». En effet, dans ce dernier, même ce qui pourrait paraître impossible est possible… [less ▲]

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See detailDoes Social Innovation vary with the Organisational Form? Exploring the Diversity of Fair Trade Social Enterprises in Europe
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

Conference (2009, September)

A common view in the literature on social entrepreneurship and social enterprise is to highlight the fact that social innovation crosses the organizational forms. But does that social innovation should be ... [more ▼]

A common view in the literature on social entrepreneurship and social enterprise is to highlight the fact that social innovation crosses the organizational forms. But does that social innovation should be considered regardless of the organizational form? Fair Trade (FT) offers a quite interesting example of both a social innovation and a field in which diverse organizational forms coexist. My research questions are twofold: (1) what are the different types of organizational forms that underlie social innovation in the FT sector?; (2) do these different forms bring different types of social innovation? The methodology consists of interviews with the leaders of 57 Fair Trade Social Enterprises (FTSEs) in four European regions: Belgium, France (Rhône-Alpes), United Kingdom (England) and Italy (Rome). The findings show that the legal forms and governance models–the two elements of the organizational form considered here–can be combined into five categories of organizational forms: individual, manager-owned business, volunteer-based, multi-stakeholder cooperative and group. These categories seem to be linked, at least to a certain extent, to the age of the FTSE and to its goals. Certain forms seem to signal a particular type of social innovation. Volunteer-based FTSEs use education and advocacy as the main channel to pursue social change at the global level, and see the partnerships with the producers in the South as a vehicle to support the former goal. Individual and business-form FTSEs focus on offering benefits to the producers through a profitable commercial activity. And multi-stakeholder cooperatives and groups generally seek to combine both types of social innovation. However, nuances exist and lead to considering the organisational form as vehicles that may serve various purposes according to the context and the entrepreneurs’ profiles. I suggest three theoretical frameworks to interpret the diversity of organizational forms and its link with the logics of social innovation. Neo-institutional economics allow to see organizational diversity as the result of the production of different types of goods within the “FT bundle”. New institutionalism in organizational analysis emphasizes organizational diversity as the result of either weak (or non-existent) or multiple institutional logics. And institutional entrepreneurship highlights the ability of FTSEs to shape the environment in a way that legitimizes their own way of conceiving social innovation. I conclude that these three frameworks offer complementary explanations to organizational diversity and that the latter is an asset rather than an obstacle for carrying social innovation in multiple and complementary ways. [less ▲]

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See detailInternational report on Competition Authorities Discretion
Petit, Nicolas ULg

Scientific conference (2009, September)

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See detailCatalogue de l'exposition Paul Jaspar architecte (1859-1945) : patrimoine et modernité
Charlier, Sébastien ULg; Merland, Monique; Carpeaux, Carole

Book published by Commission royale des Monuments, Sites et Fouilles (2009)

En 2009, à l’occasion du 150e anniversaire de la naissance de l’architecte liégeois Paul Jaspar, la Commission royale des Monuments, Sites et Fouilles, en collaboration avec la Ville de Liège et l’a.s.b.l ... [more ▼]

En 2009, à l’occasion du 150e anniversaire de la naissance de l’architecte liégeois Paul Jaspar, la Commission royale des Monuments, Sites et Fouilles, en collaboration avec la Ville de Liège et l’a.s.b.l. Les Musées de Liège, a souhaité rendre hommage au chef de file de l’architecture moderne liégeoise à la fin du XIXe et au début du XXe siècle, par le biais de l’exposition Paul Jaspar architecte (1859-1945) : patrimoine et modernité, présentée au Grand Curtius à Liège, du 5 septembre au 25 octobre 2009. Ce projet eu l’ambition d’évoquer non seulement l’architecte, mais également l’homme, l’artiste et l’archéologue. Ses réalisations les plus marquantes y étaient présentées au travers de nombreux dessins, croquis et plans d’architecture, conservés au Centre d’Archives et de Documentation de la C.R.M.S.F. ; ils illustraient quelque quarante-cinq projets ou constructions exécutées entre 1884 et 1932. De nombreuses photographies anciennes et les écrits de Paul Jaspar permettaient de cerner ses passions et son érudition. Nombre de courriers et rapports conservés dans les archives de la C.R.M.S.F. attestaient de son engagement envers le patrimoine et de la sûreté de son jugement de membre correspondant. Le contexte historique et artistique de l’époque apparaissait, quant à lui, en filigrane grâce à la présentation d’œuvres issues de collections privées et publiques. [less ▲]

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See detailAutomated Phase Map Referencing Against Historic Map Data
Groves, Roger; De Rauw, Dominique ULg; Thizy, Cédric ULg et al

in Osten, W.; Kujawinska, M. (Eds.) Fringe 2009 (2009, September)

Holography and shearography techniques are in common use for precise measurements in high technology industries, such as aerospace, automotive, precision manufacturing and for the structural diagnostics ... [more ▼]

Holography and shearography techniques are in common use for precise measurements in high technology industries, such as aerospace, automotive, precision manufacturing and for the structural diagnostics of artwork. The phase map data generated by these instruments allows precise measurements of parameters such as displacement, strain and shape. The comparison of data from different measurement campaigns is useful for null testing components and for studying changes. However, the comparison of data with previous measurements is non-trivial due to the sensitivity of these techniques to alignment and to sample loading parameters. This paper addresses image and phase registration issues for holography and shearography. This manuscript describes 2D spatial co-registration to compensate for differences between the field of view between the measurements and a phase referencing to calculate the difference between the phase maps. These techniques are implemented after following a standardised measurement procedure. [less ▲]

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See detailAmbivalence de l’éthylisme : représentations des figures d’auteurs alcoolisés dans la nouvelle bande dessinée francophone
Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg

in COnTEXTES : Revue de Sociologie de la Littérature (2009)

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See detailLa mesure des émissions gazeuses, et plus particulièrement des odeurs, comme outil de caractérisation de matériaux et de processus
Nicolas, Jacques ULg; Romain, Anne-Claude ULg; Degrave, Christophe et al

Conference (2009, September)

La qualité d'un matériau de construction, outre ses caractéristiques physiques, est fonction de son impact sur l'environnement intérieur. Ceci pousse de plus en plus les fabricants à proposer sur le ... [more ▼]

La qualité d'un matériau de construction, outre ses caractéristiques physiques, est fonction de son impact sur l'environnement intérieur. Ceci pousse de plus en plus les fabricants à proposer sur le marché des matériaux (dont les "bio-matériaux") dont les émissions atmosphériques demeurent dans des limites acceptables. Plusieurs initiatives, essentiellement volontaires, existent au niveau européen pour évaluer ces émissions. Un des objectifs de la directive européenne des produits de construction (CPD) est d'harmoniser les méthodes d'évaluation. La comparaison de 4 chambres d'émission, de tailles différentes, l'usage de méthodes d'évaluation physico-chimiques couplées à des méthodes sensitives de mesure des odeurs et l'utilisation de la technique des nez électroniques constituent l'originalité de la démarche du projet mené par l'université de Liège en collaboration avec deux autres institutions belges. Plus généralement, le nez électronique représente un outil particulièrement bien adapté au suivi d'ambiances gazeuses au cours du temps. L'odeur émise peut ainsi servir comme "variable de process" pour suivre en continu, voire contrôler, des processus utilisant la bio dégradation de produits, comme le compostage, la bio méthanisation ou le bio séchage. [less ▲]

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See detailObservations
Lecocq, Pascale ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2009)

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See detailObservations
Lecocq, Pascale ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2009)

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See detailL'écriture et la perte. Les questions de l'anthropologie
Strivay, Lucienne ULg

in Cahiers Internationaux de Symbolisme (2009), (122-124), 321-332

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See detailEn attendant la doctrine Obama en matière de commerce exterieur
Vlassis, Antonios ULg

E-print/Working paper (2009)

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See detailEnergy requirements of characteristic urban blocks
Maïzia, Mindjid; Sèze, Claire; Berge, Sébastien et al

in Proc. of CISBAT 2009 - Renewables in a changing climate - From Nano to urban scale (2009, September)

The present article analyses energy requirements for heating and cooling typical urban blocks in the Region Ile de France. The analysis has been designed to be applicable at the agglomeration level in ... [more ▼]

The present article analyses energy requirements for heating and cooling typical urban blocks in the Region Ile de France. The analysis has been designed to be applicable at the agglomeration level in France through an automatic classification of urban blocks. It provides a contrasted view on the incidence of compactness and urban organisation upon energy requirements and potential solar gains. [less ▲]

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See detailKit d'auto-évaluation du projet de service
Melen, Geoffroy; Van Hoye, Aurélie; Vandoorne, Chantal ULg et al

Learning material (2009)

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See detailLa vaccination anticoquelucheuse chez les adolescents
Swennen, Béatrice; Vermeeren, Axelle; Miermans, Marie-Christine ULg

in Promouvoir la santé à l'école (2009), (27), 3-4

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See detailThe mayonnaise droplet
Terwagne, Denis ULg; Gilet, Tristan ULg; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg et al

Poster (2009, September)

Compound drops are made of a millimetric water drop encapsulated by an oil shell. They are laid on a high viscosity oil bath which is vertically vibrated. When the forcing acceleration is higher than a ... [more ▼]

Compound drops are made of a millimetric water drop encapsulated by an oil shell. They are laid on a high viscosity oil bath which is vertically vibrated. When the forcing acceleration is higher than a given threshold, compound drops can bounce on the surface. We show that above an another threshold a double emulsion occurs in the drop. We measured this emulsion threshold for various size and water/oil volume ratio of the compound drop. [less ▲]

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See detailSIMIS: Scheme Irrigation Management Information System - Formation
Nitcheu, Martial; Midekor, Akoly; Diallo, Mamadou et al

Learning material (2009)

SIMIS est un outil d’aide à décision vaste et complexe. Il permet de gérer tout périmètre irrigué sans trop de problèmes. SIMIS est constitué de programmes différents et indépendants permettant: 1) Calcul ... [more ▼]

SIMIS est un outil d’aide à décision vaste et complexe. Il permet de gérer tout périmètre irrigué sans trop de problèmes. SIMIS est constitué de programmes différents et indépendants permettant: 1) Calcul des exigences en eau de la culture; 2) Elaboration d’un plan d’irrigation: Le module permet de comparer par zone les exigences nettes et brutes en irrigation, les débits requis et les débits disponibles; 3) Elaboration des programmes d’irrigation: Différents modèles de distribution d’eau existent basé sur la rotation, basé sur l’approvisionnement proportionnel, orienté vers la demande et basé sur l’approvisionnement continu; 4) Suivi de la consommation en eau: Il compare les débits mesurés dans les canaux avec les débits du programme d’irrigation; 5) Gestion financière: calcul de la redevance eau, de gestion de la maintenance et indicateurs de performances. [less ▲]

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See detailPaleophytogeographic distribution of Devonian miospore assemblages
Breuer, Pierre; Steemans, Philippe ULg; Di Pasquo, Mercedes

Conference (2009, September)

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See detailThree beneficiaries of project-oriented education in power electronics
Plumier, Frédéric ULg; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg

in Proceedings of the 13th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (2009, September)

Power Electronics education at the University of Liège exhibits a particular feature, in that a person from industry is directly involved in the teaching of the introductory Power Electronics course since ... [more ▼]

Power Electronics education at the University of Liège exhibits a particular feature, in that a person from industry is directly involved in the teaching of the introductory Power Electronics course since academic year 2007-2008. Together with him, we teach this subject making use of a project-oriented method. After two years of this experience, it is now of great interest to analyze the main benefits of this method for the students, the teaching team at the University and the company involved in the teaching process. In this paper we present through an example the method that is being used. We mention some interesting technical problems encountered by the students during their project work. We also present the evolution of the method from the first year of application in 2007-2008 to the forthcoming third year in 2009-2010. [less ▲]

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See detailcarnet de pédiatrie en Afrique: Sémiologie cardiorespiratoire orientée
Battisti, Oreste ULg

Learning material (2009)

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