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See detailDiscussion on wind turbines challenges and innovative solution procedure for advanced modeling
Bruyneel, Michaël ULg; Granville, Didier; Heege, Andreas et al

Article for general public (2009)

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See detailDes dépendances qui nous enchainent aux liens qui nous déchainent
Farbos, Julie; Servais, Catherine; Noirfalise, Stéphanie et al

in Revue des Hôpitaux de Jour Psychiatriques et des Thérapies Institutionnelles (2009), 11

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See detailAround Robert Wyatt
Delville, Michel ULg

Article for general public (2009)

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See detailA multilevel framework to support long-term breastfeeding
Noirhomme-Renard, Florence ULg

in Archives of Public Health (2009), 67(Supplement 2), 33-34

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See detailThe question of anxiety in Simondon
Krtolica, Igor ULg

in Parrhesia : Critical Journal of Philosophy (2009), 7

Pour Simondon, l’angoisse est la tentative que fait l’individu de résoudre en lui-même le préindividuel qui est en lui et le dépasse, tentative vouée à l’échec car l’épreuve du préindividuel ne peut ... [more ▼]

Pour Simondon, l’angoisse est la tentative que fait l’individu de résoudre en lui-même le préindividuel qui est en lui et le dépasse, tentative vouée à l’échec car l’épreuve du préindividuel ne peut trouver sa solution que dans la dimension transindividuelle du collectif. L’angoisse ne réside donc pas tant dans l’insistance du pré-individuel en nous que dans l’impossibilité d’actualiser en nous ce pré-individuel. Or, si le sujet manque du collectif, s’il en est privé, ce ne peut précisément être que du point de vue d’un collectif qui n’existe pas encore. Le paradoxe s’énonce dès lors ainsi : pourquoi le collectif apparaît-il simultanément comme ce qui précède le sujet angoissé et ce qui lui manque, comme le foyer et l’horizon de l’angoisse ? Dans cet article, nous affirmons que ce paradoxe n’est pas une contradiction : le sujet angoissé n’est privé du collectif que parce qu’il entretient déjà un rapport avec lui. Autre manière de dire l’ambiguïté du transindividuel ou son caractère « auto-constitutif », simultanément immanent et transcendant au sujet. L’angoisse est l’épreuve de cette ambiguïté, où la dimension collective est à la fois virtuellement présente et effectivement absente. Mais quel processus mène à l’angoisse (qui pousse l’individu à vouloir résoudre en lui-même le problème subjectif) et quel événement l’en arrache (qui le pousse à actualiser cette tension dans un domaine qui n’est plus individuel mais transindividuel) ? [less ▲]

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See detailOrganisation des soins palliatifs en Belgique
Keirse, E.; Beguin, C.; Desmedt, M. et al

Book (2009)

L’Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) a formulé en 2002 la définition suivante : « les soins palliatifs (SP) cherchent à améliorer la qualité de vie des patients et de leur famille, face aux ... [more ▼]

L’Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) a formulé en 2002 la définition suivante : « les soins palliatifs (SP) cherchent à améliorer la qualité de vie des patients et de leur famille, face aux conséquences d’une maladie potentiellement mortelle, par la prévention et le soulagement de la souffrance, identifiée précocement et évaluée avec précision, par le traitement de la douleur et la prise en charge des autres problèmes physiques, psychosociaux et spirituels. » La Belgique a développé de multiples structures et services pour les patients palliatifs. Des réseaux palliatifs ont été créés en 1997 dans le but, par exemple, de faire émerger une culture en SP, d’organiser des formations pour les prestataires de soins, de coordonner les initiatives entre les organisations et les services et d’évaluer les services palliatifs. Les équipes de soins palliatifs au domicile et d’autres initiatives offrent un soutien pour les soins du patient palliatif désireux de rester dans son cadre de vie. D’abord, un forfait palliatif couvre pendant deux mois les coûts supplémentaires induits par les soins palliatifs. Ensuite, le patient palliatif à domicile ne doit acquitter aucune quote-part personnelle lorsqu’il est soigné par du personnel infirmier, des kinésithérapeutes et des médecins généralistes. Enfin, les centres de jours palliatifs permettent aux familles de profiter d’un peu de répit. Deux types de structures de soins palliatifs ont été créés dans les hôpitaux. Les premières consistent en près de 400 lits palliatifs regroupés dans de petites Unités de Soins palliatifs (USP). Les secondes se présentent sous la forme d’une fonction palliative existant dans tous les hôpitaux pour offrir des soins spécifiques aux patients qui ne séjournent pas en USP. Une fonction palliative similaire a été créée dans les maisons de repos et de soins. En Belgique, les recherches scientifiques relatives aux soins palliatifs ne sont pas légion. L’Institut National d’Assurance Maladie-Invalidité (INAMI) a publié des statistiques relatives à l’évolution des budgets pour ces différentes structures. Des organismes assureurs et un groupe de recherche (« end-of-life research group ») ont également effectué des études relatives aux patients en fin de vie, en particulier leur trajet de soins. Le présent rapport complète ces données en incluant dans la recherche l’ensemble des patients palliatifs, indépendamment des soins qu’ils reçoivent. Par ailleurs, l’étude pilote au sujet des coûts considère l’ensemble de ceux-ci, qui’ils soient ou non remboursés par l’assurance maladie. [less ▲]

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See detailLancement d’un programme d’amélioration génétique de Jatropha curcas L. au Sénégal
Terren, Marieke ULg; Saverys, S.; Jacquet de Haverskercke, P et al

Poster (2009)

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See detailNutritional markers course after oral supplementation with different forms of iodine in Holstein non-lactating cows
Guyot, Hugues ULg; VanParijs, Sandrine; Uyttenhoef, Aude et al

Poster (2009)

Iodine (I) deficiency is commonly reported in cattle around the world and is often associated with clinical or sub-clinical diseases. As most of clinical signs are not pathognomonic, diagnosis has to be ... [more ▼]

Iodine (I) deficiency is commonly reported in cattle around the world and is often associated with clinical or sub-clinical diseases. As most of clinical signs are not pathognomonic, diagnosis has to be confirmed by biochemical analyses such as plasmatic inorganic iodine (PII) or urinary I. Different oral mineral forms of I are available in Europe for cattle. The aim of the study was to compare the kinetic of I in blood and urine in non-lactating cows, following oral administration of different forms of I. Five groups of 6 non-lactating cows (aged 6 ± 2 years, weight 604 ± 89 kg), receiving the same ration (11 kg dry matter) and housed in the same conditions (tied-stall and straw) underwent a double-blinded trial during 2 months. Excepting in Group A (Control), all cows received a daily oral supplementation of I equal to 5 ppm, in the form of Ca(IO3)2 (Group B), KI (Group C), organic form of I 1 (Group D) and organic form of I 2 (Group E). Formulas of the organic forms of I are not public and coverable by patent. Supplementation was stopped at T45. Blood and urine samples were taken at T0, T15, T30 and T60. Thyroxine (T4) was measured at T0, T30 and T60 while PII and urinary I were measured at the 4 times of the trial. Student-t test and multiple comparisons of means (mix crossed model) were used to compare I and T4 concentrations between groups and times. All characteristics about the cows and I levels in blood or urine were not significantly different at T0 (p>0.1). There was no significant difference (p>0.1) between groups B, C, D, E at the different times of the trial. PII and urinary I in Group A were significantly lower than in other groups (p<0.01) at T15 and T30. Highest concentrations of I (PII up to 242 ± 30 µg/L and urinary I up to 2326 ± 439 µg/L) were reached at T15 for groups B, D and E. At T60, PII (19 ± 4 µg/L) and urinary I (110 ± 29 µg/L) of all groups reached the basal level. A good correlation was found between PII and urinary I (r² = 0.77). No significant differences were found about T4 (67 ± 10 nmol/L) in all groups and times (p>0.1). PII and urinary I are good markers to assess I nutritional status. No difference was found between either inorganic or organic forms of I, nor between them. Concerning the mineral forms of I, Ca(IO3)2 might be preferably used because of its higher stability in the mineral complexes. [less ▲]

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See detailDéveloppement des filières Jatropha décentralisées au Sénégal
Terren, Marieke ULg; Saverys, S.; Jacquet de Haverskercke, P et al

Poster (2009)

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See detailInterlaboratory Evaluation Of Two Reverse-Transcriptase Polymeric Chain Reaction-Based Methods For Detection Of Four Fruit Tree Viruses
Massart, Sébastien ULg; Brostaux, Yves ULg; Barbarossa, L. et al

in Annals of Applied Biology (2009), 154(1), 133-141

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See detailhybridization behaviour between two common European cyprinid fish species - silver bream Blicca bjoerkna and common bream Abramis brama - in a controlled environment
Nzau Matondo, Billy; Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULg et al

in Animal Biology (2009), 59

The egg release–mating comparison, heterospecific matings and mating success under two hybridization conditions – (i) mixing one sex per species and (ii) mixing both sexes from each species – were ... [more ▼]

The egg release–mating comparison, heterospecific matings and mating success under two hybridization conditions – (i) mixing one sex per species and (ii) mixing both sexes from each species – were investigated to determine whether silver bream Blicca bjoerkna and common bream Abramis brama can hybridize in nature. The results revealed that non-matings in hybridization experiments of silver bream females × common bream males can be explained by territorial and aggressiveness activities observed in common bream. In common bream females × silver bream males, heterospecific matings were observed but their numbers were signifi cantly lower than the spawning numbers, and in this experiment, a female mated with one to four heterospecifi c males. In mixing both sexes from both species, similar spawning – mating numbers were observed but heterospecific matings accounted for only 27% of the total matings, with 24% accounting for heterospecifi c matings between common bream females and silver bream males, directly or by opportunism. Mating success was characterized by the occurrence of fertilized eggs after matings. Natural hybridization occurred preferentially between common bream females and silver bream males. [less ▲]

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See detailTotal Error for the Valildation of Bioanalytical methods
Rozet, Eric ULg; Boulanger, Bruno ULg; Rudaz S et al

in Annales de Toxicologie Analytique (2009), 21(S1), 35

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See detailNature+ asbl - Rapport d'activités 2008
Federspiel, Michèle; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg

Report (2009)

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See detailFace aux nouveaux défis culturels : les Acadiens de Nouvelle-Ecosse
Lempereur, Françoise ULg

in Rabaska : Revue d'Ethnologie de l'Amérique Française (2009), 7

Taking into consideration the intangible cultural heritage holds a central position in the new challenges confronting today's various cultural communities. The author briefly repositions globalization and ... [more ▼]

Taking into consideration the intangible cultural heritage holds a central position in the new challenges confronting today's various cultural communities. The author briefly repositions globalization and cultural diversity and shows that, faced with these two basic guidelines, communies' reactions can be radically opposed : acceptance or refusal of the multiculturalism and, in the case of refusal, an essentialist or evolutionary approach. The latter sacrifices heritage for the benefit of trends, supported by new technologies; the first emphasizes the use of an idealised past in what the author identifies as a policy of "folklorisation". Fortunately, some communities accomplish a positive combination and revitalize their heritage through new forms of communication. This is the case of the municipality of Clare in Nova Scotia, the flag-bearer of a growing Acadian identity. [less ▲]

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See detailAgreement between two independent groups of raters
Vanbelle, Sophie ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg

in Psychometrika (2009), 74

We propose a coefficient of agreement to assess the degree of concordance between two independent groups of raters classifying items on a nominal scale. This coefficient, defined on a population-based ... [more ▼]

We propose a coefficient of agreement to assess the degree of concordance between two independent groups of raters classifying items on a nominal scale. This coefficient, defined on a population-based model, extends the classical Cohen's kappa coefficient for quantifying agreement between two raters. Weighted and intraclass versions of the coefficient are also given and their sampling variance is determined by the Jackknife method. The method is illustrated on medical education data which motivated the research. [less ▲]

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See detailVérification de la résistance au feu des poteaux en béton armé
Benmehidi, Nadia; Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Guenfoud, M.

in Saha, O.; Mouli, M. (Eds.) Performance of Concrete Structures. New Design Concept and Modelling (2009)

This paper is devoted to nonlinear numerical modeling of reinforced concrete columns subjected to fire. In this work we analyze reinforced concrete columns loaded by eccentric compressive forces and ... [more ▼]

This paper is devoted to nonlinear numerical modeling of reinforced concrete columns subjected to fire. In this work we analyze reinforced concrete columns loaded by eccentric compressive forces and exposed to a standard fire. That the columns have an extremely important role in building, the verification of fire resistance in fire conditions is crucial. The analysis is divided into two steps. In the first step we make the thermal study of column. It follows the temperatures depending of time that we use in the second stage for the mechanical study, where we get the variation of different parameters such as bending moment, stresses, displacements and tangent modulus. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of p- and n-type vapor phase doping and sub-melt laser anneal for extension junctions in sub-32 nm CMOS technology
Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Rosseel, Erik; Takeuchi, Shotaro et al

in Thin Solid Films (2009), 518(6), 48

We evaluated the combination of vapor phase doping and sub-melt laser anneal as a novel doping strategy for the fabrication of source and drain extension junctions in sub-32 nm CMOS technology, aiming at ... [more ▼]

We evaluated the combination of vapor phase doping and sub-melt laser anneal as a novel doping strategy for the fabrication of source and drain extension junctions in sub-32 nm CMOS technology, aiming at both planar and non-planar device applications. High quality ultra shallow junctions with abrupt profiles in Si substrates were demonstrated on 300 mm Si substrates. The excellent results obtained for the sheet resistance and the junction depth with boron allowed us to fulfill the requirements for the 32 nm as well as for the 22 nm technology nodes in the PMOS case by choosing appropriate laser anneal conditions. For instance, using 3 laser scans at 1300 $\,^ rc$C, we measured an active dopant concentration of about 2.1 × 1020 cm− 3 and a junction depth of 12 nm. With arsenic for NMOS, ultra shallow junctions were achieved as well. However, as also seen for other junction fabrication schemes, low dopant activation level and active dose (in the range of 1--4 × 1013 cm− 2) were observed although dopant concentration versus depth profiles indicate that the dopant atoms were properly driven into the substrate during the anneal step. The electrical deactivation of a large part of the in-diffused dopants was responsible for the high sheet resistance values. [less ▲]

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