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See detailGeophysical Validation of SCIAMACHY NO2 Vertical Columns: Overview of Early 2004 Results
Lambert, Jean-Christopher; Blumenstock, Thomas; Boersma, F. et al

in Proceedings of the Second Workshop on the Atmospheric Chemistry Validation of ENVISAT (ACVE-2), ESA-ESRIN, Frascati, Italy, 3-7 May 2004 (ESA SP-562, August 2004) ESC01JL1 (2004, August)

Following the recommendations drawn after the Commissioning Phase of the ENVISAT satellite in 2002, SCIAMACHY near real time data processors were upgraded to version 5.01 in early 2004. Before public ... [more ▼]

Following the recommendations drawn after the Commissioning Phase of the ENVISAT satellite in 2002, SCIAMACHY near real time data processors were upgraded to version 5.01 in early 2004. Before public release of the new SCIAMACHY nitrogen dioxide (NO2) vertical column data product, several validation teams investigated its improvement and assessed its geophysical consistency by means of correlative studies involving NDSC-affiliated ground-based networks of DOAS UV-visible and FTIR spectrometers and the ERS-2 GOME satellite. In parallel, preliminary SCIAMACHY NO2 column data products generated by research processors under development at scientific institutes were also tested, using the same correlative data and validation procedures. Digesting the results obtained by a list of validation teams and SCIAMACHY data processing teams, this overview paper draws a preliminary quality assessment of the SCIAMACHY NO2 column data sets available in spring 2004. [less ▲]

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See detailTransformations graphiques
Badir, Sémir ULg

in E/C (2004)

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See detailQuando la scrittura diventa testura dell'immagine
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Espressione/Contenuto : Rivista dell’Associazione Italiana di Studi Semiotici (2004)

Cet article porte sur un corpus de photographies écrites et peintes qui pose le problème des relations (contractuelles et contrastives) entre texte photographique, écriture manuelle et gestualité ... [more ▼]

Cet article porte sur un corpus de photographies écrites et peintes qui pose le problème des relations (contractuelles et contrastives) entre texte photographique, écriture manuelle et gestualité picturale. L’écriture dans l’image est étudiée comme : 1) stratégie d’authentification de l’objet-photo (autographie de l’objet photographique unique), 2) comme notation, 3) comme gestualité, 4) comme effet-texture de l’image. L’écriture entendue comme stratégie d’authentification du texte photographique permet de réfléchir sur la problématique de l’original, de la reproductibilité et du statut hybride de la photographie écrite, à mi-chemin entre autographie et allographie (« texte autographique à objet multiple »). [less ▲]

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See detailProcess for depositing strong adherend polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface
Bertrand, Olivier; Jérôme, Robert ULg; Gautier, Sandrine et al

Patent (2004)

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising the step of electrochemical grafting of an active monomer for forming a ... [more ▼]

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising the step of electrochemical grafting of an active monomer for forming a primer coating P onto the surface and having as general formula: X0 (meth)acrylate wherein X is either part of a preformed polymer or is an intermediate agent for polyaddition reaction or is an anchoring group for attachment of a molecule having at least one complementary reactive group. Such process allows formation of new primer by one-step electro-grafting of a macromonomer. Such process also allows further modification of an initial electrografted polymer to increase the coating thickness by the grafting-from technique. Such process also allows to graft onto the primer coating compounds like functional polymer, peptide, protein, oligonucleotide, dyes, drugs, anti-bacterian compounds. [less ▲]

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See detailcaveolin-1 expression is critical for VEGF-induced inschemic hindlimb collateralization and NO-mediated angiogenisis.
Martinive, Philippe ULg; Sonveaux, P; DeWever, J et al

in Circulation Research (2004), (95 (2)), 154-61

Nitric oxide (NO) is a powerful angiogenic mediator acting downstream of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Both the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and the VEGFR-2 receptor colocalize in caveolae ... [more ▼]

Nitric oxide (NO) is a powerful angiogenic mediator acting downstream of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Both the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and the VEGFR-2 receptor colocalize in caveolae. Because the structural protein of these signaling platforms, caveolin, also represses eNOS activity, changes in its abundance are likely to influence the angiogenic process in various ways. In this study, we used mice deficient for the caveolin-1 gene (Cav-/-) to examine the impact of caveolae suppression in a model of adaptive angiogenesis obtained after femoral artery resection. Evaluation of the ischemic tissue perfusion and histochemical analyses revealed that contrary to Cav+/+ mice, Cav-/- mice failed to recover a functional vasculature and actually lost part of the ligated limbs, thereby recapitulating the effects of the NOS inhibitor L-NAME administered to operated Cav+/+ mice. We also isolated endothelial cells (ECs) from Cav-/- aorta and showed that on VEGF stimulation, NO production and endothelial tube formation were dramatically abrogated when compared with Cav+/+ ECs. The Ser1177 eNOS phosphorylation and Thr495 dephosphorylation but also the ERK phosphorylation were similarly altered in VEGF-treated Cav-/- ECs. Interestingly, caveolin transfection in Cav-/- ECs redirected the VEGFR-2 in caveolar membranes and restored the VEGF-induced ERK and eNOS activation. However, when high levels of recombinant caveolin were reached, VEGF exposure failed to activate ERK and eNOS. These results emphasize the critical role of caveolae in ensuring the coupling between VEGFR-2 stimulation and downstream mediators of angiogenesis. This study also provides new insights to understand the paradoxical roles of caveolin (eg, repressing basal enzyme activity but facilitating activation on agonist stimulation) in cardiovascular pathophysiology. [less ▲]

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See detailContribution to the design of sway composite frames
Maquoi, René ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg

in Leon, Roberto; Lange, Jörg (Eds.) Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete V (2004, July 18)

This paper presents numerical and analytical studies carried out at Liège University, as part of a European research project, with the objective to investigate the in-plane behaviour of composite sway ... [more ▼]

This paper presents numerical and analytical studies carried out at Liège University, as part of a European research project, with the objective to investigate the in-plane behaviour of composite sway frames under static loading. [less ▲]

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See detailIn-situ polymerization of monoethylenically unsaturated monomers with oligomeric or polymeric secondary amines
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Rüdiger, Claus; Meyer, Rolf-Volker

Patent (2004)

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a process for preparing a (co)oligomer or a (co)polymer. ; SOLUTION: The process for preparing a (co)oligomer or (co)polymer comprises forming a mixture containing a ... [more ▼]

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a process for preparing a (co)oligomer or a (co)polymer. ; SOLUTION: The process for preparing a (co)oligomer or (co)polymer comprises forming a mixture containing a monoethylencally unsaturated monomer of formula (M): HR<SP>1</SP>C=CR<SP>2</SP>R<SP>3</SP>, an oxidizing agent, at least one polymer or oligomer of formula (I), and an optional radical initiator and heating the mixture at 0-220[deg.]C. [less ▲]

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See detailIn-situ polymerization of monoethylenically unsaturated monomers with secondary amines
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Gross, Thomas; Meyer, Rolf-Volker

Patent (2004)

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a novel process for producing a homopolymer, a random copolymer, or a block copolymer having a controlled molecular weight, a narrow molecular weight distribution, a high ... [more ▼]

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a novel process for producing a homopolymer, a random copolymer, or a block copolymer having a controlled molecular weight, a narrow molecular weight distribution, a high monomer conversion ratio, and a controlled structure. ; SOLUTION: The polymer having a controlled molecular weight, a narrow polydispersibility, a high monomer conversion ratio, and a controlled structure is produced by polymerizing a vinyl monomer during the formation of a mixture of a hindered secondary amine and an oxidizing agent at a relatively low temperature in a short reaction time. It is unnecessary to add a free radical initiator before polymerization. Further, it is unnecessary to preliminarily react the secondary amine with the oxidizing agent before adding the monomer. [less ▲]

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See detailImage analysis of X-ray microtomograms of Pd-Ag/SiO2 xerogel catalysts supported on Al2O3 foams
Blacher, Silvia ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg; Heinrichs, Benoît ULg et al

in Colloids and Surfaces A : Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects (2004), 241(1-mars Sp. Iss. SI), 201-206

In order to preshape and mechanically strengthen, Pd-Ag/SiO2 xerogel catalysts were carried out in Al2O3 foams (pore-sizes similar to40 mum). The final material consists of a Pd-Ag/SiO2 xerogel ... [more ▼]

In order to preshape and mechanically strengthen, Pd-Ag/SiO2 xerogel catalysts were carried out in Al2O3 foams (pore-sizes similar to40 mum). The final material consists of a Pd-Ag/SiO2 xerogel immobilized in the open cells of the alumina foam. The localization of the xerogel catalyst in alumina foams of various pore structure was studied by X-ray microtomography. The three-dimensional (3D) porous structure was reconstructed from the consecutive cross-sections obtained by this technique. Total porosity, porous density distribution, and pore-size distribution were determined by image analysis on the free and impregnated supports. Our results show that the success of the used impregnation technique depends on the pore structure of the support. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEarly-type stars in the young open cluster IC 1805 - I. The SB2 system BD+60 degrees 497 and the probably single stars BD+60 degrees 501 and BD+60 degrees 513
Rauw, Grégor ULg; De Becker, Michaël ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2004), 421(2), 693-702

We investigate the multiplicity of three O-type stars in the very young open cluster IC 1805. All our targets were previously considered as spectroscopic binaries, but no orbital solution was available ... [more ▼]

We investigate the multiplicity of three O-type stars in the very young open cluster IC 1805. All our targets were previously considered as spectroscopic binaries, but no orbital solution was available for any of them. Our results confirm the binarity of BD+60degrees 497 and we provide the very first orbital solution for this double-lined spectroscopic binary. This is only the second O-star binary in IC 1805, and the first SB2 system, for which an orbital solution is now available. BD+60degrees 497 has an orbital period of 3.96 days and consists of an evolved 06.5 V((f)) primary and an 08.5-9.5 V((f)) secondary with minimum masses of m, sin(3) i = 13.9 M-circle dot and m(2) sin 3 i = 10.9 M-circle dot. The observed primary/secondary mass ratio (1.28) appears lower than expected from a comparison with single star evolutionary models (1.60-1.74). For the other two stars, BD+60degrees 501 and BD+60degrees 513, we find no significant radial velocity variations, suggesting that they are most probably single. Although a fraction of binaries among the early-type stars of IC 1805 as high as 80% has been advocated in the literature, our results suggest that this number might be overestimated. [less ▲]

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See detailBulletin agrométéorologique - Juin 2004
Tychon, Bernard ULg; Ozer, Pierre ULg; Horion, S. et al

in Bulletin Agrométéorologique (2004), 3(3), 1-5

Les paramètres climatiques du mois de juin furent tous proches de la moyenne, exception faite de l'ensoleillement qui fut largement déficitaire sur l’est du pays. La situation des céréales d’hiver et de ... [more ▼]

Les paramètres climatiques du mois de juin furent tous proches de la moyenne, exception faite de l'ensoleillement qui fut largement déficitaire sur l’est du pays. La situation des céréales d’hiver et de la pomme de terre est globalement favorable laissant entrevoir des rendements généralement supérieurs à ceux de 2003. Par contre, les prévisions relatives au maïs fourrager et à la betterave sucrière montrent que ces cultures pourraient connaître, au niveau national, une légère baisse par rapport à l’année passée. [less ▲]

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See detailNd and Pb isotope signatures of the clay-size fraction of Labrador Sea sediments during the Holocene: Implications for the inception of the modern deep circulation pattern
Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Hillaire-Marcel, Claude ULg; Humblet, Marc et al

in Paleoceanography (2004), 19(3),

Nd and Pb isotopes were measured on the fine fraction of one sediment core drilled off southern Greenland. This work aims to reconstruct the evolution of deep circulation patterns in the North Atlantic ... [more ▼]

Nd and Pb isotopes were measured on the fine fraction of one sediment core drilled off southern Greenland. This work aims to reconstruct the evolution of deep circulation patterns in the North Atlantic during the Holocene on the basis of sediment supply variations. For the last 12 kyr, three sources have contributed to the sediment mixture: the North American Shield, the Pan-African and Variscan crusts, and the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Clay isotope signatures indicate two mixtures of sediment sources. The first mixture (12.2-6.5 ka) is composed of material derived from the North American shield and from a "young'' crustal source. From 6.5 ka onward the mixture is characterized by a young crustal component and by a volcanic component characteristic of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Since the significant decrease in proximal deglacial supplies, the evolution of the relative contributions of the sediment sources suggests major changes in the relative contributions of the deep water masses carried by the Western Boundary Undercurrent over the past 8.4 kyr. The progressive intensification of the Western Boundary Undercurrent was initially associated mainly with the transport of the Northeast Atlantic Deep Water mass until 6.5 ka and with the Denmark Strait Overflow Water thereafter. The establishment of the modern circulation at 3 ka suggests a reduced influence of the Denmark Strait Overflow Water, synchronous with the full appearance of the Labrador Seawater mass. Our isotopic data set emphasizes several changes in the relative contribution of the two major components of North Atlantic Deep Water throughout the Holocene. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent progress in the macromolecular engineering of aliphatic polyesters
Jérôme, Robert ULg; Li, Haiying; Rieger, Jutta et al

Conference (2004, July 04)

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See detailErratum: VLT + UVES spectroscopy of the low-ionization intrinsic absorber in SDSS J001130.56+005550.7
Hutsemekers, Damien ULg; Hall, Patrick; Brinkmann, J.

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2004), 422

Not Available

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See detailSkin cancer screening campaign in the German speaking Community of Belgium.
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Tassoudji, Nazli ULg; Jerusalem-Noury, E. et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2004), 59(4), 194-8

The incidence of primary malignant melanoma (MM) and skin carcinomas, including basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), is progressively raising. As long as their diagnosis and ... [more ▼]

The incidence of primary malignant melanoma (MM) and skin carcinomas, including basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), is progressively raising. As long as their diagnosis and therapeutic managements are initiated early, their prognosis remains favorable. This underlines the importance of early recognition of skin cancers. Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that skin cancer screening programs are efficacious in increasing the population awareness of the early signs of skin cancer and of the dangers of UV - exposure. A skin cancer screening campaign was organised by dermatologists of the German-speaking Community of Belgium in cooperation with the Department of Family, Health, and Social Affairs of the Regional Ministry of the German-speaking Community of Belgium. In order to increase the screening selectivity, two risk populations were targeted; patients presenting 30 or more moles, and patients over 50 years of age presenting recent skin changes of the head and neck area. A media campaign using radio, television and daily press was started to increase the population awareness of the dangers of UV exposure and of the early signs of skin cancer. During 2 screening days, three-hour sessions were organised in 2 health centers located in Eupen and St Vith. A total of 148 patients were examined. A total of 124/148 patients met the selection criteria predefined during the media announcement. The simultaneous presence of 4 dermatologists during the screening sessions allowed a second opinion for warning lesions. Four BBCs as well as 23 patients pesenting dysplastic nevi were clinically diagnosed. During the 2 months following the screening campaign 5 MMs were identified by the same dermatologists in their routine practice. In conclusion, this skin cancer screening campaign led to the diagnosis of 4 carcinomas. The campaign furthermore increased the patient awareness, permitting the diagnosis of 5 MMs during the 2 following months. This figure represents about 30% of all MMs diagnosed yearly in this region of Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailHormonal and biochemical normalization and tumor shrinkage induced by anti-parathyroid hormone immunotherapy in a patient with metastatic parathyroid carcinoma.
Betea, Daniela ULg; Bradwell, A. R.; Harvey, T. C. et al

in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2004), 89(7), 3413-20

Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare cause of primary hyperparathyroidism, and the efficacy of medical therapy and chemo- and radiotherapy is poor in recurrent or metastatic disease. We report the first case ... [more ▼]

Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare cause of primary hyperparathyroidism, and the efficacy of medical therapy and chemo- and radiotherapy is poor in recurrent or metastatic disease. We report the first case of PTH immunization in which tumor shrinkage accompanied hormonal, biochemical, and clinical improvements in a patient with metastatic parathyroid carcinoma.A 50-yr-old woman with refractory parathyroid carcinoma and pulmonary metastases was immunized eight times between February 2001 and December 2003 with bovine and modified human PTH fragments and intact human PTH, mixed with Freund's adjuvant. Total and ionized calcium and PTH levels were assayed weekly for 6 months and regularly thereafter. Thoracic computed tomography scans were performed regularly.Antibodies to all PTH fragments were detected after two immunizations. Baseline PTH and total calcium were 213.0 ng/liter and 13.96 mg/dl, respectively, and remained elevated during the first three immunizations. From the fourth immunization onward, PTH and calcium decreased, and the patient's clinical condition improved markedly. PTH and calcium levels have remained controlled for more than 24 months, and the sizes (surface area) of pulmonary metastases decreased from baseline by 39-71%.This is the first evidence that PTH immunization not only can improve clinical, hormonal, and biochemical measures in parathyroid carcinoma but also has an antitumor effect. [less ▲]

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See detail3D simulation of Industrial Hall in case of fire. Benchmark between ABAQUS, ANSYS and SAFIR
Vassart, Olivier; Cajot, Louis-Guy; O'Connor, Marc et al

in Interflam2004 Proceedings. Fire Sciences and Engineering Conference (2004, July)

For simple storey buildings, the structural behaviour in case of fire is relevant only for the safety of the firemen. The protection of occupants and goods is a matter of fire spread, smoke propagation ... [more ▼]

For simple storey buildings, the structural behaviour in case of fire is relevant only for the safety of the firemen. The protection of occupants and goods is a matter of fire spread, smoke propagation, active fire fighting measures and evacuation facilities. Brittle failure, progressive collapse and partial failure of façades elements outwards may endanger the fire fighters and have to be avoided. In order to deal with such an objective, the simulation softwares has to cover the 3D structural behaviour including membrane and restrained effects as well as the failure mode so that post-local failure stage can be analysed. Such calculation models (ANSYS, ABAQUS and SAFIR [1]) have been compared true a benchmark. In this benchmark, two different users used ABAQUS. [less ▲]

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See detailGeneralized parton distributions of the pion
Bissey, F.; Cudell, Jean-René ULg; Cugnon, Joseph ULg et al

in Nuclear Physics B-Proceedings Supplements (2004, July), 133

Off-forward structure functions of the pion are investigated in twist-two and twist-three approximation. A simple model is used for the pion, which allows to introduce finite size effects, while ... [more ▼]

Off-forward structure functions of the pion are investigated in twist-two and twist-three approximation. A simple model is used for the pion, which allows to introduce finite size effects, while preserving gauge invariance. Results for the imaginary parts of the gamma*pi --> gamma*pi off-forward amplitude and of the structure functions are presented. Generalized Callan-Gross relations are obtained. [less ▲]

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See detailInterest and feasibility of a modified supine position for posterior cranial fossa surgical procedures.
Graftieaux, J-P; Litré, Claude Fabien ULg; Gomis, P et al

in Annales Françaises d'Anesthésie et de Réanimation (2004)

The sitting position is considered as a gold standard for posterior fossa surgical procedures. However, in order to decrease the incidence rate of cerebral venous air embolisms, we presently described a ... [more ▼]

The sitting position is considered as a gold standard for posterior fossa surgical procedures. However, in order to decrease the incidence rate of cerebral venous air embolisms, we presently described a modified supine position allowing performance of posterior fossa surgical procedures. Such position is easy and quickly performed with light variations of blood pressure: patients are placed supine with paddings inserted under ipsilateral shoulder and buttock, and head turned to other side of surgical site. Dural tension estimated by the surgeon was always considered as good. We performed more than 100 surgical procedures in this position without any complication for 10 years. [less ▲]

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See detailNumerical modelling of two-way reinforced concrete slabs in fire
Lim, Linus; Buchanan, Andrew; Moss, Peter et al

in Engineering Structures (2004), 26(8), 1081-1091

This paper describes numerical modelling of the fire behaviour of two-way reinforced concrete slabs using a special purpose non-linear finite-element program, SAFIR. Several two-way reinforced concrete ... [more ▼]

This paper describes numerical modelling of the fire behaviour of two-way reinforced concrete slabs using a special purpose non-linear finite-element program, SAFIR. Several two-way reinforced concrete and composite steel-concrete slabs are tested under exposure to the ISO standard fire in order to validate the shell finite element in the SAFIR program. The modelling results showed agreement with the fire tests and demonstrate that the SAFIR shell element can be used to predict tensile membrane behaviour of two-way reinforced concrete slabs in fire conditions. The analyses show that two-way slabs have excellent fire resistance if they deform in double curvature and develop tensile membrane action. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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