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See detailConversion from Excel into Aleph sequential
Renaville, François ULg; Thirion, Paul ULg

Poster (2009, September 08)

Libraries must sometimes load records that are not available to them in a bibliographic format standard (Marc21, Unimarc...): integration of the book database of an academic research center, list of new e ... [more ▼]

Libraries must sometimes load records that are not available to them in a bibliographic format standard (Marc21, Unimarc...): integration of the book database of an academic research center, list of new e-journals bought by the library... This can make the conversion procedure of the data to the Aleph sequential format quite hard. Sometimes the records are only available in Excel. This poster explains how to convert easily in a few steps an Excel file into Aleph sequential in order to load records with manage-18. Next to this procedure, 'tab_fix' and 'fix_doc_do_file_08' are of course used to correct or complete the data. The strength of that method is that no extra programming is needed! Moreover, a basic knowledge of Excel is enough to understand and use that method. [less ▲]

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See detailLe(s) génocide(s) vu(s) par des jeunes
Grandjean, Geoffrey ULg

Conference (2009, September 07)

Cette communication présente des cartes mentales complétées par des adolescents belges francophones sur la thématique des génocides. Elle offre, par ailleurs, une présentation des enjeux mémoriels qui ... [more ▼]

Cette communication présente des cartes mentales complétées par des adolescents belges francophones sur la thématique des génocides. Elle offre, par ailleurs, une présentation des enjeux mémoriels qui peuvent résulter de la transmission des faits génocidaires en Belgique francophone. [less ▲]

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See detailPrécision du positionnement par satellites: influence de la géométrie de la constellation
Lonchay, Matthieu ULg

Master's dissertation (2009)

Precision of GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) is affected by a lot of different factors, such as satellite geometry. The quality of satellite geometry is evaluated by an indicator: DOP (Dilution ... [more ▼]

Precision of GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) is affected by a lot of different factors, such as satellite geometry. The quality of satellite geometry is evaluated by an indicator: DOP (Dilution Of Precision). Specific satellite geometry, such as conical satellite geometry, are able to strongly harm to the precision of positioning. These particular situations lead the normal matrix to a singular state and the DOP to high values. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Poste: l'urgence de changer de cap!
Delforge, Céline; Dermagne, Jean-Marie; Eyben, Pierre et al

Article for general public (2009)

Les événements des derniers jours à Louvain-la-Neuve remettent crûment en lumière l’absurdité de la gestion actuelle de la Poste belge. La direction de la Poste entend réaliser par tous les moyens des ... [more ▼]

Les événements des derniers jours à Louvain-la-Neuve remettent crûment en lumière l’absurdité de la gestion actuelle de la Poste belge. La direction de la Poste entend réaliser par tous les moyens des économies. Tous les moyens, cela signifie aussi de faire pression afin que l’on expulse des citoyens qui par leur action mettent en lumière les légitimes revendications de la population. Les citoyens ne sont pas dupes : remplacer des bureaux de poste par des points poste, ce n’est pas améliorer le service rendu. [...] [less ▲]

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See detailLes projets LIFE de restauration des biotopes tourbeux et des zones humides en Wallonie
Dufrêne, Marc ULg

Conference (2009, September 03)

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See detailEvaluation de la régénération tendineuse suite à l'injection de concentré plaquettaire dans les tendons lésés de rats
Remy, Hélène ULg

Master's dissertation (2009)

Tendinopathies are frequent pathologies affecting both professional and occasional athletes as well as the general public. Nowadays, various treatments are described in the literature but there is little ... [more ▼]

Tendinopathies are frequent pathologies affecting both professional and occasional athletes as well as the general public. Nowadays, various treatments are described in the literature but there is little evidence to support their effectiveness. Moreover, unless cured with an adequate treatment which needs careful attention, tendinopathies tend to get chronic. It is for these reasons that a new way of treating chronic tendinopathies with injections of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is actually being the subject of a few studies. This treatment has already been evaluated in various studies both in vitro and in vivo and its effects seem efficient with the tissues repairing processes, as well as the general management of tendinopathies. However, these studies are not numerous: one of them demonstrated the efficiency of PRP in the treatment of epicondylitis while another was successful in curing patellar tendinopathies. In an effort to strengthen the results of the studies realised on this topic, we have evaluated the regeneration of tendinitis after an injection of PRP in hurt tendons. These experiments have been realised on rats. The results, obtained after biomechanics, biochemical and histological analyses were conducted, revealed a higher tissue recovery for tendons treated with PRP. Results are even better when VEGF111 was added to the PRP treatment. Hence, we can make the assumption that, in clinical conditions, recovery from ruptured Achilles tendons could be ameliorated with the injections of platelet-rich plasma. This therapy could even be efficient in treating cases such as chronic tendinopathies that are immune to classic therapies and it could be tried before surgical treatment. However, randomized studies to be realised in a longer term perspective and on a greater number of patients would be necessary and useful in order to confirm PRP’s efficiency. [less ▲]

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See detailContribution à l'étude de l'expression protéique différentielle dans l'hémolymphe de A. mellifera suite à une infection par le virus de la paralysie chronique
Bauwens, Julien ULg

Master's dissertation (2009)

The optimization of the hemolymph uptake and its proteins extraction methods has been realized. The subsequent results lead us to the choices of non-frost bees and of a protein extraction buffer composed ... [more ▼]

The optimization of the hemolymph uptake and its proteins extraction methods has been realized. The subsequent results lead us to the choices of non-frost bees and of a protein extraction buffer composed of urea, tris and CHAPS, to obtain quantitatively and qualitatively appreciable samples. The study of differential expression of hemolymph proteins of chronic bee paralysis virus-inoculated bees has been realized using 2D-DIGE tool. A total of 180 protein spots showed an intensity variation due to the viral infection. The identification of 27 of these proteins has been realized by Maldi-TOF analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailHybrid γ Doradus/δ Scuti Stars: Comparison Between Observations and Theory
Bouabid, M-P; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Miglio, Andrea ULg et al

in AIP Conference Proceedings (2009), 1170

γ Doradus (γ Dor) are F-type stars pulsating with high order g-modes. Their instability strip (IS) overlaps the red edge of the δ Scuti δ Sct) one. This observation has led to search for objects in this ... [more ▼]

γ Doradus (γ Dor) are F-type stars pulsating with high order g-modes. Their instability strip (IS) overlaps the red edge of the δ Scuti δ Sct) one. This observation has led to search for objects in this region of the HR diagram showing p and g-modes simultaneously. The existence of such hybrid pulsators has recently been confirmed [10] and the number of candidates is increasing (e.g. [17]). From a theoretical point of view, non-adiabatic computations including a time-dependent treatment of convection (TDC) predict the existence of γ Dor/δ Sct hybrid pulsators ([5], [8]). Our aim is to confront the properties of the observed hybrid candidates with the theoretical predictions from non-adiabatic computations of non-radial pulsations including the convection-pulsation interaction. [less ▲]

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See detailProbing populations of red giants in the galactic disk with CoRoT
Miglio, Andrea ULg; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Baudin, F. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2009), 503

Context: The detection with CoRoT of solar-like oscillations in nearly 800 red giants in the first 150-days long observational run paves the way for detailed studies of populations of galactic-disk red ... [more ▼]

Context: The detection with CoRoT of solar-like oscillations in nearly 800 red giants in the first 150-days long observational run paves the way for detailed studies of populations of galactic-disk red giants. <BR />Aims: We investigate which information on the observed population can be recovered by the distribution of the observed seismic constraints: the frequency of maximum oscillation power (ν_max) and the large frequency separation (Δν). <BR />Methods: We propose to use the observed distribution of ν_max and of Δν as a tool for investigating the properties of galactic red-giant stars through comparison with simulated distributions based on synthetic stellar populations. <BR />Results: We can clearly identify the bulk of the red giants observed by CoRoT as red-clump stars, i.e. post-flash core-He-burning stars. The distribution of ν_max and of Δν gives us access to the distribution of the stellar radius and mass, and thus represent a most promising probe of the age and star formation rate of the disk, and of the mass-loss rate during the red-giant branch. <BR />Conclusions: CoRoT observations are supplying seismic constraints for the most populated class of He-burning stars in the galactic disk. This opens a new access gate to probing the properties of red-giant stars that, coupled with classical observations, promises to extend our knowledge of these advanced phases of stellar evolution and to add relevant constraints to models of composite stellar populations in the Galaxy. The CoRoT space mission was developed and is operated by the French space agency CNES, with the participation of ESA's RSSD and Science Programmes, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, and Spain. [less ▲]

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See detailAsteroseismology of red-clump stars with CoRoT and Kepler
Miglio, Andrea ULg; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Eggenberger, P. et al

in AIP Conference Proceedings (2009), 1170

The availability of asteroseismic constraints for a large number of red giants with CoRoT and, in the near future with Kepler, paves the way for detailed studies of populations of galactic-disk red giants ... [more ▼]

The availability of asteroseismic constraints for a large number of red giants with CoRoT and, in the near future with Kepler, paves the way for detailed studies of populations of galactic-disk red giants. We investigate which information on the observed population can be recovered by the distribution of the observed seismic constraints: the frequency of maximum power of solar-like oscillations (νmax) and the large frequency separation (Δν). We use the distribution of νmax and of Δν observed by CoRoT in nearly 800 red giants in the first long observational run, as a tool to investigate the properties of galactic red-giant stars through the comparison with simulated distributions based on synthetic stellar populations. We can clearly identify the bulk of the red giants observed by CoRoT as red-clump stars, i.e. post-flash core-He-burning stars. The distribution of νmax and of Δν give us access to the distribution of the stellar radius and mass, and thus represent a most promising probe of the age and star formation rate of the disk, and of the mass-loss rate during the red-giant branch. This approach will be of great utility also in the interpretation of forthcoming surveys of variability of red giants with CoRoT and Kepler. In particular, an asteroseismic mass estimate of clump stars in the old-open clusters observed by Kepler, would represent a most valuable observational test of the poorly known mass-loss rate on the giant branch, and of its dependence on metallicity. [less ▲]

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See detailDecoding of the light changes in eclipsing Wolf-Rayet binaries. I. A non-classical approach to the solution of light curves
Perrier, C.; Breysacher, J.; Rauw, Grégor ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2009), 503

Aims. We present a technique to determine the orbital and physical parameters of eclipsing eccentric Wolf-Rayet + O-star binaries, where one eclipse is produced by the absorption of the O-star light by ... [more ▼]

Aims. We present a technique to determine the orbital and physical parameters of eclipsing eccentric Wolf-Rayet + O-star binaries, where one eclipse is produced by the absorption of the O-star light by the stellar wind of the W-R star. Methods: Our method is based on the use of the empirical moments of the light curve that are integral transforms evaluated from the observed light curves. The optical depth along the line of sight and the limb darkening of the W-R star are modelled by simple mathematical functions, and we derive analytical expressions for the moments of the light curve as a function of the orbital parameters and the key parameters of the transparency and limb-darkening functions. These analytical expressions are then inverted in order to derive the values of the orbital inclination, the stellar radii, the fractional luminosities, and the parameters of the wind transparency and limb-darkening laws. Results: The method is applied to the SMC W-R eclipsing binary HD 5980, a remarkable object that underwent an LBV-like event in August 1994. The analysis refers to the pre-outburst observational data. A synthetic light curve based on the elements derived for the system allows a quality assessment of the results obtained. [less ▲]

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See detailOptical spectroscopy of X-Mega targets in the Carina nebula - VII. On the multiplicity of Tr16-112, HD93343 and HD93250
Rauw, Grégor ULg; Nazé, Yaël ULg; Fernández Lajús, E. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2009), 398

We present the results of a spectroscopic monitoring campaign devoted to three O-type stars in the Carina nebula. We derive the full SB2 orbital solution of the binary system Tr16-112, an exceptional ... [more ▼]

We present the results of a spectroscopic monitoring campaign devoted to three O-type stars in the Carina nebula. We derive the full SB2 orbital solution of the binary system Tr16-112, an exceptional dissymmetrical system consisting of an O5.5-6V((f[SUP]+[/SUP]?p)) primary and a B2V-III secondary. We also report on low-amplitude brightness variations in Tr16-112 that are likely due to the ellipsoidal shape of the O5.5-6 primary revolving in an eccentric orbit around the system's centre of mass. We detect for the first time a clear SB2 binary signature in the spectrum of HD93343 (O8 + O8), although our data are not sufficient to establish an orbital solution. This system also displays low-amplitude photometric modulations. On the other hand, no indication of multiplicity is found in the optical spectra of HD93250. Finally, we discuss the general properties of multiple massive stars in the Carina OB1 association. Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory (La Silla, Chile), at Complejo Astronómico El Leoncito (Argentina), at the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO) and with XMM-Newton, an ESA Science Mission with instruments and contributions directly funded by ESA Member States and the USA (NASA). E-mail: rauw@astro.ulg.ac.be â ¡ Research Associate FRS/FNRS (Belgium). § Postdoctoral Researcher FRS/FNRS (Belgium). ¶ Senior Research Associate FRS/FNRS (Belgium). [less ▲]

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See detailMulti-wavelength observations of afterglow of GRB 080319B and the modeling constraints
Pandey, S. B.; Castro-Tirado, A. J.; Jelínek, M. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2009), 504(1), 45-51

We present observations of the afterglow of GRB 080319B at optical, mm and radio frequencies from a few hours to 67 days after the burst. Present observations along with other published multi-wavelength ... [more ▼]

We present observations of the afterglow of GRB 080319B at optical, mm and radio frequencies from a few hours to 67 days after the burst. Present observations along with other published multi-wavelength data have been used to study the light-curves and spectral energy distributions of the burst afterglow. The nature of this brightest cosmic explosion has been explored based on the observed properties and it's comparison with the afterglow models. Our results show that the observed features of the afterglow fits equally good with the Inter Stellar Matter and the Stellar Wind density profiles of the circum-burst medium. In case of both density profiles, location of the maximum synchrotron frequency $\nu_m$ is below optical and the value of cooling break frequency $\nu_c$ is below $X-$rays, $\sim 10^{4}$s after the burst. Also, the derived value of the Lorentz factor at the time of naked eye brightness is $\sim 300$ with the corresponding blast wave size of $\sim 10^{18}$ cm. The numerical fit to the multi-wavelength afterglow data constraints the values of physical parameters and the emission mechanism of the burst. [less ▲]

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See detailA Fuzzy Metric for Assessing the Producibility of Straightening in Early Design
Caprace, Jean-David ULg; Aracil Fernandez, Francisco; Losseau, Nicolas ULg et al

in The 14th International Conference on Computer Applications in Shipbuilding (ICCAS) (2009, September 01)

Since several years, the large shipyards use more and more thin plates to build up stiffened panels in order to decrease the structural weight. The major problem relating to the utilization of thin plates ... [more ▼]

Since several years, the large shipyards use more and more thin plates to build up stiffened panels in order to decrease the structural weight. The major problem relating to the utilization of thin plates is the occurrence of welding distortions that have to be eliminated for esthetical and service reasons. This straightening operation involves significant costs and it seems thus important to characterize its economical impact on the global hull fabrication. This paper presents a way to minimize cost in shipbuilding industry by the implementation of a producibility fuzzy metric in order to obtain a better knowledge of the straightening process. Attention has been focused on the definition of fuzzy rules by experts but also on the optimisation of the decision surface to reduce the error compared to actual measurement points. [less ▲]

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See detailWASP-16b: A New Jupiter-Like Planet Transiting a Southern Solar Analog
Lister, T. A.; Anderson, D. R.; Gillon, Michaël ULg et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2009), 703

We report the discovery from WASP-South of a new Jupiter-like extrasolar planet, WASP-16b, which transits its solar analog host star every 3.12 days. Analysis of the transit photometry and radial velocity ... [more ▼]

We report the discovery from WASP-South of a new Jupiter-like extrasolar planet, WASP-16b, which transits its solar analog host star every 3.12 days. Analysis of the transit photometry and radial velocity spectroscopic data leads to a planet with R [SUB]p[/SUB] = 1.008 ± 0.071 R [SUB]Jup[/SUB] and M [SUB]p[/SUB] = 0.855 ± 0.059 M [SUB]Jup[/SUB], orbiting a host star with R [SUB]*[/SUB] = 0.946 ± 0.054 R [SUB]sun[/SUB] and M [SUB]*[/SUB] = 1.022 ± 0.101 M [SUB]sun[/SUB]. Comparison of the high resolution stellar spectrum with synthetic spectra and stellar evolution models indicates the host star is a near-solar metallicity ([Fe/H] =0.01 ± 0.10) solar analog (T [SUB]eff[/SUB] = 5700 ± 150 K and log g = 4.5 ± 0.2) of intermediate age (tau = 2.3[SUP]+5.8[/SUP] [SUB]--2.2[/SUB] Gyr). [less ▲]

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See detailX-ray spectroscopy of stars
Guedel, Manuel; Nazé, Yaël ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics Review (2009), 17

Non-degenerate stars of essentially all spectral classes are soft X-ray sources. Their X-ray spectra have been important in constraining physical processes that heat plasma in stellar environments to ... [more ▼]

Non-degenerate stars of essentially all spectral classes are soft X-ray sources. Their X-ray spectra have been important in constraining physical processes that heat plasma in stellar environments to temperatures exceeding one million degrees. Low-mass stars on the cooler part of the main sequence and their pre-main sequence predecessors define the dominant stellar population in the galaxy by number. Their X-ray spectra are reminiscent, in the broadest sense, of X-ray spectra from the solar corona. The Sun itself as a typical example of a main-sequence cool star has been a pivotal testbed for physical models to be applied to cool stars. X-ray emission from cool stars is indeed ascribed to magnetically trapped hot gas analogous to the solar coronal plasma, although plasma parameters such as temperature, density, and element abundances vary widely. Coronal structure, its thermal stratification and geometric extent can also be interpreted based on various spectral diagnostics. New features have been identified in pre-main sequence stars; some of these may be related to accretion shocks on the stellar surface, fluorescence on circumstellar disks due to X-ray irradiation, or shock heating in stellar outflows. Massive, hot stars clearly dominate the interaction with the galactic interstellar medium: they are the main sources of ionizing radiation, mechanical energy and chemical enrichment in galaxies. High-energy emission permits to probe some of the most important processes at work in these stars, and put constraints on their most peculiar feature: the stellar wind. Medium and high- resolution spectroscopy have shed new light on these objects as well. Here, we review recent advances in our understanding of cool and hot stars through the study of X-ray spectra, in particular high-resolution spectra now available from XMM -Newton and Chandra. We address issues related to coronal structure, flares, the composition of coronal plasma, X-ray production in accretion streams and outflows, X-rays from single OB-type stars, massive binaries, magnetic hot objects and evolved WR stars. [less ▲]

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See detailConcurrent observations of the ultraviolet nitric oxide and infrared O[SUB]2[/SUB] nightglow emissions with Venus Express
Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Cox, Cédric ULg; Soret, Lauriane ULg et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research. Planets (2009), 114

Two prominent features of the Venus nightside airglow are the nitric oxide delta and gamma bands produced by radiative association of O and N atoms in the lower thermosphere and the O[SUB]2[/SUB] infrared ... [more ▼]

Two prominent features of the Venus nightside airglow are the nitric oxide delta and gamma bands produced by radiative association of O and N atoms in the lower thermosphere and the O[SUB]2[/SUB] infrared emission generated by three-body recombination of oxygen atoms in the upper mesosphere. The O[SUB]2[/SUB] airglow has been observed from the ground, during the Cassini flyby, and with VIRTIS on board Venus Express. It now appears that the global structure of the two emissions shows some similarities, but the statistical location of the region of strongest emission is not coincident. The Spectroscopy for Investigation of Characteristics of the Atmosphere of Venus (SPICAV) ultraviolet spectrograph has collected a large number of spectra of the Venus nitric oxide nightside airglow. Visible and Infrared Thermal Imaging Spectrometer (VIRTIS) images have been obtained at the limb and in the nadir-viewing mode and have provided new information on the horizontal and vertical distribution of the emission. We present the first concurrent observations of the two emissions observed with Venus Express. We show that nadir observations generally indicate a low degree of correlation between the two emissions observed quasi-simultaneously at a common location. A statistical study of limb profiles indicates that the altitude and the brightness of the two airglow layers generally do not covary. We suggest that this lack of correlation is explained by the presence of strong horizontal winds in the mesosphere-thermosphere transition region. They carry the downflowing atoms over large distances in such a way that regions of enhanced NO emission generally do not coincide with zones of bright O[SUB]2[/SUB] airglow. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Enigma of B-type Pulsators in the SMC
Salmon, Sébastien ULg; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Miglio, Andrea ULg et al

in AIP Conference Proceedings (2009, September 01), 1170

Since the early nineties it is accepted that the excitation mechanism of B-type pulsators on the main sequence is due to the opacity peak in the iron-group elements at T~200,000 K. The Fe content plays ... [more ▼]

Since the early nineties it is accepted that the excitation mechanism of B-type pulsators on the main sequence is due to the opacity peak in the iron-group elements at T~200,000 K. The Fe content plays then a major role in the excitation of β Cep and SPB pulsations. While theoretical non-adiabatic computations predict no β Cep pulsators and only a small number of SPBs for low metallicity environments such as that of the Magellanic Clouds (MCs), recent variability surveys of B stars in the SMC have reported the detection of a significant number of SPB and β Cep candidates. Since the SMC is the metal poorest (Z~0001-0.004) of the MCs, it constitutes an interesting object for investigating the disagreement between theory and observations. We approach the problem by calling into question some of the hypotheses made in previous studies: given the different chemical evolution of the SMC compared with our local galactic environment, is it appropriate to describe the chemical composition of SMC B stars by scaling the solar mixture to lower Z? Is that composition uniform in space and time? In this paper we present the results of a stability analysis of B-type stellar models computed with a revised chemical composition and metallicity specific to the SMC. [less ▲]

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See detailLe chant comme support à l’acquisition du langage : Effets de l’expertise musicale ou linguistique
Larrouy, Pauline ULg

Master's dissertation (2009)

Le chant, omniprésent dans notre vie, constitue également un matériel écologique et multidimensionnel qui allie les dimensions musicale et linguistique. Il offre ainsi un outil privilégié pour observer ... [more ▼]

Le chant, omniprésent dans notre vie, constitue également un matériel écologique et multidimensionnel qui allie les dimensions musicale et linguistique. Il offre ainsi un outil privilégié pour observer les relations entre la musique et le langage. Afin d’examiner la spécificité du traitement des informations langagières et musicales dans le chant, nous avons étudié l’influence de l’expertise musicale ou langagière sur l’utilisation des probabilités transitionnelles, un type d’apprentissage statistique implicite particulièrement important dans le développement langagier. Dans le but d’étudier l’intervention de modulations fréquentielles dans l’utilisation des propriétés statistiques des syllabes, Schön, Boyer, Moreno, Besson, Peretz et Kolinsky (2008) avaient mis au point une méthode astucieuse et ont ouvert la voie à l’expérimentation du bénéfice du chant dans l’acquisition du langage. Grâce à leur matériel et à la conception d’une expérience exploratoire, nous avons comparé les performances de sujets non-experts, experts en musique et experts en langage dans l’utilisation des probabilités transitionnelles d’un matériel linguistique et musical. Schön et al (2008) avaient mis en évidence le bénéfice des propriétés structurales et motivationnelles de la musique contenues dans le chant. Nos résultats ne répliquent pas cette étude chez des non-experts mais une interaction significative apparaît entre les expériences proposées et le type d’expertise. Les experts en musique semblent bénéficier des informations musicales et linguistiques pour l’apprentissage statistique lorsqu’elles sont présentées de manière congruente. Par ailleurs, une incongruité entre l’information linguistique et musicale aiderait les experts en langage à utiliser des probabilités transitionnelles de la parole. Les différentes analyses ont guidé notre réflexion sur la spécificité du traitement des paroles et de la mélodie contenues dans le chant. La discussion relative aux effets observés permet d’envisager de futures recherches dans ce domaine et l’exploration de la musicalité de la parole dans une perspective de clinique logopédique. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) and AHR-interacting protein in pituitary adenomas: pathological and clinical implications.
Jaffrain-Rea, M. L.; Angelini, M.; Gargano, D. et al

in Endocrine-Related Cancer (2009), 16(3), 1029-1043

Germline mutations of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR)-interacting protein (AIP) gene confer a predisposition to pituitary adenomas (PA), usually in the setting of familial isolated PA. To provide ... [more ▼]

Germline mutations of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR)-interacting protein (AIP) gene confer a predisposition to pituitary adenomas (PA), usually in the setting of familial isolated PA. To provide further insights into the possible role of AIP in pituitary tumour pathogenesis, the expression of AIP and AHR was determined by real-time RT-PCR and/or immunohistochemistry (IHC) in a large series of PA (n=103), including 17 with AIP mutations (AIP(mut)). Variable levels of AIP and AHR transcripts were detected in all PA, with a low AHR expression (P<0.0001 versus AIP). Cytoplasmic AIP and AHR were detected by IHC in 84.0 and 38.6% of PA respectively, and significantly correlated with each other (P=0.006). Nuclear AHR was detected in a minority of PA (19.7%). The highest AIP expression was observed in somatotrophinomas and non-secreting (NS) PA, and multivariate analysis in somatotrophinomas showed a significantly lower AIP immunostaining in invasive versus non-invasive cases (P=0.019). AIP expression was commonly low in other secreting PA. AIP immunostaining was abolished in a minority of AIP(mut) PA, with a frequent loss of cytoplasmic AHR and no evidence of nuclear AHR. In contrast, AIP overexpression in a subset of NS PA could be accompanied by nuclear AHR immunopositivity. We conclude that down-regulation of AIP and AHR may be involved in the aggressiveness of somatotrophinomas. Overall, IHC is a poorly sensitive tool for the screening of AIP mutations. Data obtained on AHR expression suggest that AHR signalling may be differentially affected according to PA phenotype. [less ▲]

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