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See detailSuivi de la percolation du nitrate en terres cultivées par la technique lysimétrique
Fonder, Nathalie; Deneufbourg, Mathieu ULg; Vandenberghe, Christophe ULg et al

in Vandenberghe, Christophe; Marcoen, Jean Marie (Eds.) Actes de l'Atelier "Nitrate - Eau" 2 au 5 juin 2009. Peyresq, France (2010)

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See detailMise en oeuvre du Programme de Gestion Durable de l'Azote et évaluation d'impact à l'échelle d'un bassin versant agricole (Arquennes, Belgique)
Deneufbourg, Mathieu ULg; Vandenberghe, Christophe ULg; Marcoen, Jean Marie ULg

in Marcoen, Jean Marie; Vandenberghe, Christophe (Eds.) Actes de l'Atelier "Nitrate - Eau" 2 au 5 juin 2009. Peyresq, France (2010)

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See detailEvaluation et proposition de révision du deuxième Programme de Gestion Durable de l'Azote en agriculture en Région wallonne (Belgique)
Vandenberghe, Christophe ULg; Benoit, Jérémie ULg; Deneufbourg, Mathieu ULg et al

in Marcoen, Jean Marie; Vandenberghe, Christophe (Eds.) Actes de l'Atelier "Nitrate - Eau" 2 au 5 juin 2009. Peyresq, France (2010)

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See detailAdaptation des pratiques agricoles en fonction des exigences de la Directive Nitrates et validation des résultats via le suivi lysimétrique de la lixiviation de l'azote nitrique
Deneufbourg, Mathieu ULg; Vandenberghe, Christophe ULg; Heens, Benoît et al

in Vandenberghe, Christophe; Marcoen, Jean Marie (Eds.) Actes de l'Atelier "Nitrate - Eau" 2 au 5 juin 2009. Peyresq, France (2010)

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See detailA study of low-energy guest phonon modes in clathrate-II NaxSi136 (x = 3, 23, and 24)
Beekman, M.; Hermann, Raphaël ULg; Möchel, Anne ULg et al

in Journal of Physics : Condensed Matter (2010)

Single-crystal x-ray diffraction from clathrate-II NaxSi136 (x = 24) prepared by a new technique reveals the exceptionally large Na@Si-28 atomic displacement parameter (U-eq) is strongly temperature ... [more ▼]

Single-crystal x-ray diffraction from clathrate-II NaxSi136 (x = 24) prepared by a new technique reveals the exceptionally large Na@Si-28 atomic displacement parameter (U-eq) is strongly temperature dependent, and can be attributed to low-energy rattling modes associated with the Na guest. Inelastic neutron scattering (INS) spectra collected from NaxSi136 powder specimens (x = 3, 23) confirm the presence of low-energy guest-derived phonon modes for Na@Si-28 and Na@Si-20. The lower energy Na@Si-28 rattler mode falls in the frequency range of the silicon host acoustic phonons, indicating the possibility for interaction with these phonons. The presence of these low-energy modes combined with the ability to controllably vary the guest content presents a unique opportunity for exploring the influence of guest-framework interactions on the lattice dynamics in intermetallic clathrates. [less ▲]

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See detailStoyanka Kyzyl-Alma 2 – novy pamyatnik epokhi verkhnego paleolita zapadnogo tyan-shanya
Kolobova, K.A.; Pavlenok, K.K.; Flas, Damien ULg et al

in Vestnik NGU (2010), 9(5), 111-123

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See detailNuclear forward and inelastic spectroscopy on 125Te and Sb2 125Te3 2
Wille, H.-C.; Hermann, Raphaël ULg; Sergueev, I. et al

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (2010)

We report on the observation of nuclear forward and nuclear inelastic scattering of synchrotron radiation by Te-125 and the application of both spectroscopic methods to tellurium compounds by using a high ... [more ▼]

We report on the observation of nuclear forward and nuclear inelastic scattering of synchrotron radiation by Te-125 and the application of both spectroscopic methods to tellurium compounds by using a high-resolution backscattering sapphire monochromator in combination with fast detection electronics. The lifetime of the nuclear resonance and the energy of the transition were determined to be 2.131(12) ns and 35493.12(30) eV, respectively. As applications, the nuclear inelastic spectrum in Sb2Te3 and the nuclear forward scattering by Te metal were measured. These measurements open the field of nuclear resonance spectroscopy on tellurium compounds such as thermoelectric and superconducting materials. [less ▲]

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See detailFictions, figurations, configurations : introduction à un projet
Brissette, Pascal; Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg; Glinoer, Anthony et al

in Discours social (2010), XXXIV

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See detailQuantitative Microtexture Analysis of Carbonate Rocks Using Bireflectance Imaging
Jaimes Contreras, Rafael Antonio ULg; Pilawski, Dimitri; Califice, Arnaud ULg et al

in Proceedings IAMG 2010 (2010)

Microtextural analysis of rocks has been addressed by several authors as an essential means to better understand the natural genesis of the material. But, it is also of paramount importance to those who ... [more ▼]

Microtextural analysis of rocks has been addressed by several authors as an essential means to better understand the natural genesis of the material. But, it is also of paramount importance to those who try to predict the geotechnical or industrial behaviour of a rock under many forms of solicitation (mechanical, thermal, etc.). Quantitative modal (phase) analysis using point counting has already been discussed in depth by authors such as Chayes more than fifty years ago. Nowadays, automated image analysis with millions of pixels is easily available and improves statistical accuracy provided the classification step is correctly performed. Spitefully the assignment of a pixel to a given mineral phase or to a given crystal is often poorly satisfactory and remains the bottleneck of a fully automated textural analysis. Methods using a manual rotation of a polarizer in transmitted light microscopy have been developed by Starkey and Samantaray (1993) and further automated and improved by Fueten (1997). These allow to better delineate individual crystals in a thin section due to contrast in birefringence. In this paper a similar technique using multiple orientations of a polarizer in reflected light microscopy has been used to contrast individual crystals in carbonated rocks. The maximum and minimum grey levels registered for each pixel allow for computing a bireflectance image whose variance is a good indicator of the misalignment of cristallographical orientations in the section. Moreover, the maximum of the reflectance gradient obtained for each orientation generates a good image of the grain boundaries and the presence of pores. This last one is quantitatively analysed using the intercept method to estimate the mean and variance of the grain size distribution. The paper presents a quantitative comparison of several different microtextures. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of ZnO sol-gel films: Effect of annealing
Ivanova, T.; Harizanova, A.; Koutzarova, T. et al

in Materials Letters (2010), 64(10), 1147-1149

Thin films of zinc oxide were deposited by spin coating method on different substrates. The obtained samples were thermally treated at temperatures from 400 degrees C up to 850 degrees C. The structural ... [more ▼]

Thin films of zinc oxide were deposited by spin coating method on different substrates. The obtained samples were thermally treated at temperatures from 400 degrees C up to 850 degrees C. The structural study was performed by XRD and FTIR techniques in order to observe the effect of the annealing temperatures. The sol-gel ZnO films showed polycrystalline hexagonal structure. The optical transmittance reached 91% and it diminished with increasing annealing temperatures. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailImprovement of the thermoelectric properties of [Bi1.68Ca2O4-delta](RS)[CoO2](1.69) cobaltite by chimie douce methods
Muguerra, Hervé; Rivas-Murias, Beatriz; Traianidis, Maria et al

in Journal of Solid State Chemistry (2010), 183(6), 1252-1257

[Bi1 68Ca2O4 delta](RS)[CoO2](1 69) has been obtained by different chimie douce methods and uniaxially or isostatically pressed The influence of these parameters on the thermoelectric properties has been ... [more ▼]

[Bi1 68Ca2O4 delta](RS)[CoO2](1 69) has been obtained by different chimie douce methods and uniaxially or isostatically pressed The influence of these parameters on the thermoelectric properties has been investigated. Contrary to the Seebeck coefficient, which remains unchanged, the electrical conductivity is greatly modified In particular, spray-drying synthesis followed by uniaxial pressing results in an electrical conductivity two times larger than in the case of conventional solid state synthesis. Our results suggest that a narrow particle size distribution is beneficial to the thermoelectric properties of the layered compounds. The spray-drying technique seems to be promising to Improve the electrical conductivity of layered materials. Moreover, this method presents other advantages (homogeneous samples and less energetic processing) which could be interesting to the future manufacturing of thermoelectric devices (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved [less ▲]

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See detailAn intercomparison study of luminescence dating protocols and techniques applied to medieval brick samples from Normandy (France)
Blain, Sophie ULg; Bailiff, Ian; Guibert, Pierre et al

in Quaternary Geochronology (2010), 5(2-3), 311-316

A luminescence dating study has been applied to inform the history and archaeology of two early medieval buildings in north western France. Five bricks were sampled from the medieval churches (10th–11th ... [more ▼]

A luminescence dating study has been applied to inform the history and archaeology of two early medieval buildings in north western France. Five bricks were sampled from the medieval churches (10th–11th centuries A.D.) of Rugles and Condé-sur-Risle in Normandy. The samples were divided and tested in the luminescence laboratories of the University of Durham (UK) and of Iramat-CRP2A, University of Bordeaux 3 (France). The fine grain and quartz inclusion techniques were applied, and tests included an examination of the anomalous fading of the luminescence signal from fine grain samples and coarse grains of feldspar. With one exception, the dates produced using the fine grain technique, although corrected for fading, were significantly younger than those produced with quartz inclusions. Although most of the corrected fine grain dates were consistent with the medieval construction of the churches, the brick fabric is of Roman type by archaeological assessment, and this is supported by the quartz coarse grain dates. We conclude that the bricks sampled are re-used, likely to be of Roman origin, and that the reliability of measurements with feldspars in brick fabrics requires wider investigation. [less ▲]

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See detailAn application of luminescence dating to building archaeology: The study of ceramic building materials in early medieval churches in south-eastern England and north-western France
Blain, Sophie ULg

in Arqueologia de la Arquitectura (2010), 7

The research reported in this thesis concerns the re-evaluation of an archaeological assumption surrounding the origin of Ceramic Building Materials (CBM) used from the 9th to the 11th century in ... [more ▼]

The research reported in this thesis concerns the re-evaluation of an archaeological assumption surrounding the origin of Ceramic Building Materials (CBM) used from the 9th to the 11th century in religious buildings of north-western France and south-eastern England. Are the bricks used in the masonry structures Roman spolia or a novo productions? Amongst the dating methods that can contribute to building archaeology, it is the technique of stimulated luminescence applied to CBM that is the focus of this study. Results from thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating performed on 52 CBM samples from 11 churches showed that the practice of reusing Roman brick was commonplace in small parish churches, but also that brick-making was not a totally unknown skill of the early medieval craftsmen as it has long been supposed. Most importantly, by identifying that the building material is contemporary to the church, a defined chronology emerges resulting in a new and extremely useful reference point in the history of early medieval architecture. [less ▲]

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See detailFuture Talks, Compte-rendu du colloque organisé par Die Neue Sammlung, The International Design Museum, les 22 et 23 octobre 2009 à Munich
Defeyt, Catherine ULg

in CeROArt : Conservation, Exposition, Restauration d'Objets d'Art (2010)

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See detailEffects of face and voice learning on access to semantic information from names.
Barsics, Catherine ULg

in Perception (2010), 39 supplement

Several studies showed that it is more difficult to retrieve semantic information from recognized voices than from recognized faces. However, earlier studies that investigated the recall of biographical ... [more ▼]

Several studies showed that it is more difficult to retrieve semantic information from recognized voices than from recognized faces. However, earlier studies that investigated the recall of biographical information following person recognition used stimuli that were pre-experimentally familiar to the participants, such as famous people’s voices and faces. The present study was designed in order to allow a stricter control of frequency exposure with both types of stimuli (voices and faces) and to ensure the absence of identity cues in the spoken extracts. In the present study, subjects had to associate lexical (i.e., name) and semantic information (i.e., occupation) with faces or voices. Interestingly, when asked later to recall semantic information being cued by the person’s names, participants provided significantly more occupations for the targets that had been previously associated with faces than with voices. Moreover, participants’ performance was not significantly different when names and occupation were associated with voices compared with dog’s faces, whose complexity is similar to that of human faces, but for which we have poorer discrimination abilities. These results and their implications for person recognition models, as well as the potential role of the relative distinctiveness of faces and voices, are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte rendu de Restauration et non-restauration en art contemporain 2
Defeyt, Catherine ULg

in CeROArt : Conservation, Exposition, Restauration d'Objets d'Art (2010), 5

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See detailWater table mapping using Bayesian data fusion with auxiliary data
Fasbender, Dominique; Bogaert, Patrick; Peeters, Luk et al

in Water 2010 symposium, International Symposium on Stochastic Hydraulics (2010)

Water table elevations are usually sampled in space using piezometric measurements, that are unfortunately both expensive to drill and monitor and consequently are thus scarce over space. Most of the time ... [more ▼]

Water table elevations are usually sampled in space using piezometric measurements, that are unfortunately both expensive to drill and monitor and consequently are thus scarce over space. Most of the time, piezometric data are sparsely distributed over large areas, thus providing limited direct information about the level of the corresponding water table. As a consequence, there is a real need for approaches that are able at the same time to (i) provide spatial predictions at unsampled locations and (ii) enable the user to account in a meaningful way for all potentially available secondary information sources that are in some way related to water table elevations. Advantages of these auxiliary information sources are their cheapest prices and their better spatial coverage, thus allowing the user to improve the quality of subsequent mapping provide that a meaningful way of merging these data is made available. In this paper, a recently developed Bayesian Data Fusion technique (BDF) is applied to the problem of water table spatial mapping. After a brief presentation of the underlying theory, specific assumptions are made and discussed in order to account for a digital elevation model as well as for the geometry of a corresponding river network. Based on a data set for the Dyle basin in the north part of Belgium, the suggested model is then implemented by accounting for two secondary information sources, i.e., a spatially exhaustive high resolution digital elevation model and a metric allowing us to account for the whole geometry of the river network as auxiliary information. Results are compared to those of standard spatial mapping techniques like ordinary kriging and cokriging. Respective accuracies and precisions of these estimators are finally evaluated using a leave-one-out cross-validation procedure. They show one one side the obvious benefit of incorporating additional information sources, but more interesting they also emphasize the limitations of traditional multivariate methods (like, e.g., cokriging methods) that fail to efficiently take benefit of these addditional information due to restrictive modeling hypotheses, whereas BDF has no difficulty on that side. Though the BDF methodology was illustrated here for the integration of only two secondary information sources, the method can also be applied for incorporating an arbitrary number of auxiliary variables. It has also been successfully applied in other fields like remote-sensing and air pollution, thus opening new avenues for the important and general topic of data integration in a spatial mapping context. Extension towards a space-time context for dynamic mapping is also possible. [less ▲]

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