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See detailImprovement of the thermoelectric properties of [Bi1.68Ca2O4-delta](RS)[CoO2](1.69) cobaltite by chimie douce methods
Muguerra, Hervé; Rivas-Murias, Beatriz; Traianidis, Maria et al

in Journal of Solid State Chemistry (2010), 183(6), 1252-1257

[Bi1 68Ca2O4 delta](RS)[CoO2](1 69) has been obtained by different chimie douce methods and uniaxially or isostatically pressed The influence of these parameters on the thermoelectric properties has been ... [more ▼]

[Bi1 68Ca2O4 delta](RS)[CoO2](1 69) has been obtained by different chimie douce methods and uniaxially or isostatically pressed The influence of these parameters on the thermoelectric properties has been investigated. Contrary to the Seebeck coefficient, which remains unchanged, the electrical conductivity is greatly modified In particular, spray-drying synthesis followed by uniaxial pressing results in an electrical conductivity two times larger than in the case of conventional solid state synthesis. Our results suggest that a narrow particle size distribution is beneficial to the thermoelectric properties of the layered compounds. The spray-drying technique seems to be promising to Improve the electrical conductivity of layered materials. Moreover, this method presents other advantages (homogeneous samples and less energetic processing) which could be interesting to the future manufacturing of thermoelectric devices (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved [less ▲]

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See detailAn intercomparison study of luminescence dating protocols and techniques applied to medieval brick samples from Normandy (France)
Blain, Sophie ULg; Bailiff, Ian; Guibert, Pierre et al

in Quaternary Geochronology (2010), 5(2-3), 311-316

A luminescence dating study has been applied to inform the history and archaeology of two early medieval buildings in north western France. Five bricks were sampled from the medieval churches (10th–11th ... [more ▼]

A luminescence dating study has been applied to inform the history and archaeology of two early medieval buildings in north western France. Five bricks were sampled from the medieval churches (10th–11th centuries A.D.) of Rugles and Condé-sur-Risle in Normandy. The samples were divided and tested in the luminescence laboratories of the University of Durham (UK) and of Iramat-CRP2A, University of Bordeaux 3 (France). The fine grain and quartz inclusion techniques were applied, and tests included an examination of the anomalous fading of the luminescence signal from fine grain samples and coarse grains of feldspar. With one exception, the dates produced using the fine grain technique, although corrected for fading, were significantly younger than those produced with quartz inclusions. Although most of the corrected fine grain dates were consistent with the medieval construction of the churches, the brick fabric is of Roman type by archaeological assessment, and this is supported by the quartz coarse grain dates. We conclude that the bricks sampled are re-used, likely to be of Roman origin, and that the reliability of measurements with feldspars in brick fabrics requires wider investigation. [less ▲]

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See detailAn application of luminescence dating to building archaeology: The study of ceramic building materials in early medieval churches in south-eastern England and north-western France
Blain, Sophie ULg

in Arqueologia de la Arquitectura (2010), 7

The research reported in this thesis concerns the re-evaluation of an archaeological assumption surrounding the origin of Ceramic Building Materials (CBM) used from the 9th to the 11th century in ... [more ▼]

The research reported in this thesis concerns the re-evaluation of an archaeological assumption surrounding the origin of Ceramic Building Materials (CBM) used from the 9th to the 11th century in religious buildings of north-western France and south-eastern England. Are the bricks used in the masonry structures Roman spolia or a novo productions? Amongst the dating methods that can contribute to building archaeology, it is the technique of stimulated luminescence applied to CBM that is the focus of this study. Results from thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating performed on 52 CBM samples from 11 churches showed that the practice of reusing Roman brick was commonplace in small parish churches, but also that brick-making was not a totally unknown skill of the early medieval craftsmen as it has long been supposed. Most importantly, by identifying that the building material is contemporary to the church, a defined chronology emerges resulting in a new and extremely useful reference point in the history of early medieval architecture. [less ▲]

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See detailFuture Talks, Compte-rendu du colloque organisé par Die Neue Sammlung, The International Design Museum, les 22 et 23 octobre 2009 à Munich
Defeyt, Catherine ULg

in CeROArt : Conservation, Exposition, Restauration d'Objets d'Art (2010)

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See detailEffects of face and voice learning on access to semantic information from names.
Barsics, Catherine ULg

in Perception (2010), 39 supplement

Several studies showed that it is more difficult to retrieve semantic information from recognized voices than from recognized faces. However, earlier studies that investigated the recall of biographical ... [more ▼]

Several studies showed that it is more difficult to retrieve semantic information from recognized voices than from recognized faces. However, earlier studies that investigated the recall of biographical information following person recognition used stimuli that were pre-experimentally familiar to the participants, such as famous people’s voices and faces. The present study was designed in order to allow a stricter control of frequency exposure with both types of stimuli (voices and faces) and to ensure the absence of identity cues in the spoken extracts. In the present study, subjects had to associate lexical (i.e., name) and semantic information (i.e., occupation) with faces or voices. Interestingly, when asked later to recall semantic information being cued by the person’s names, participants provided significantly more occupations for the targets that had been previously associated with faces than with voices. Moreover, participants’ performance was not significantly different when names and occupation were associated with voices compared with dog’s faces, whose complexity is similar to that of human faces, but for which we have poorer discrimination abilities. These results and their implications for person recognition models, as well as the potential role of the relative distinctiveness of faces and voices, are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte rendu de Restauration et non-restauration en art contemporain 2
Defeyt, Catherine ULg

in CeROArt : Conservation, Exposition, Restauration d'Objets d'Art (2010), 5

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See detailWater table mapping using Bayesian data fusion with auxiliary data
Fasbender, Dominique; Bogaert, Patrick; Peeters, Luk et al

in Water 2010 symposium, International Symposium on Stochastic Hydraulics (2010)

Water table elevations are usually sampled in space using piezometric measurements, that are unfortunately both expensive to drill and monitor and consequently are thus scarce over space. Most of the time ... [more ▼]

Water table elevations are usually sampled in space using piezometric measurements, that are unfortunately both expensive to drill and monitor and consequently are thus scarce over space. Most of the time, piezometric data are sparsely distributed over large areas, thus providing limited direct information about the level of the corresponding water table. As a consequence, there is a real need for approaches that are able at the same time to (i) provide spatial predictions at unsampled locations and (ii) enable the user to account in a meaningful way for all potentially available secondary information sources that are in some way related to water table elevations. Advantages of these auxiliary information sources are their cheapest prices and their better spatial coverage, thus allowing the user to improve the quality of subsequent mapping provide that a meaningful way of merging these data is made available. In this paper, a recently developed Bayesian Data Fusion technique (BDF) is applied to the problem of water table spatial mapping. After a brief presentation of the underlying theory, specific assumptions are made and discussed in order to account for a digital elevation model as well as for the geometry of a corresponding river network. Based on a data set for the Dyle basin in the north part of Belgium, the suggested model is then implemented by accounting for two secondary information sources, i.e., a spatially exhaustive high resolution digital elevation model and a metric allowing us to account for the whole geometry of the river network as auxiliary information. Results are compared to those of standard spatial mapping techniques like ordinary kriging and cokriging. Respective accuracies and precisions of these estimators are finally evaluated using a leave-one-out cross-validation procedure. They show one one side the obvious benefit of incorporating additional information sources, but more interesting they also emphasize the limitations of traditional multivariate methods (like, e.g., cokriging methods) that fail to efficiently take benefit of these addditional information due to restrictive modeling hypotheses, whereas BDF has no difficulty on that side. Though the BDF methodology was illustrated here for the integration of only two secondary information sources, the method can also be applied for incorporating an arbitrary number of auxiliary variables. It has also been successfully applied in other fields like remote-sensing and air pollution, thus opening new avenues for the important and general topic of data integration in a spatial mapping context. Extension towards a space-time context for dynamic mapping is also possible. [less ▲]

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See detailEchography in the equine athlete
Amory, Hélène ULg

in Cardio & Sport 2010 (2010), 24

L’ultrasonographie est la technique d’investigation cardiaque la plus utilisée chez le cheval. Elle a permis de mettre en évidence les effets de l’entraînement et d’un effort de courte ou de longue durée ... [more ▼]

L’ultrasonographie est la technique d’investigation cardiaque la plus utilisée chez le cheval. Elle a permis de mettre en évidence les effets de l’entraînement et d’un effort de courte ou de longue durée sur la fonction cardiaque, ou encore de prédire, bien qu’avec une faible précision, le VO2max et les performances dans cette espèce. L’échocardiographie de stress a aussi été étudiée mais l’apport du Doppler tissulaire, d’apparition très récente dans cette espèce, devrait encore être intégré pour objectiver les résultats de ces tests. [less ▲]

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See detailADAMTS-2 functions as anti-angiogenic and anti-tumoral molecule independently of its catalytic activity.
Dubail, Johanne ULg; Kesteloot, F.; Deroanne, Christophe ULg et al

in Cellular & Molecular Life Sciences (2010)

ADAMTS-2 is a metalloproteinase that plays a key role in the processing of fibrillar procollagen precursors into mature collagen molecules by excising the amino-propeptide. We demonstrate that recombinant ... [more ▼]

ADAMTS-2 is a metalloproteinase that plays a key role in the processing of fibrillar procollagen precursors into mature collagen molecules by excising the amino-propeptide. We demonstrate that recombinant ADAMTS-2 is also able to reduce proliferation of endothelial cells, and to induce their retraction and detachment from the substrate resulting in apoptosis. Dephosphorylation of Erk1/2 and MLC largely precedes the ADAMTS-2 induced morphological alterations. In 3-D culture models, ADAMTS-2 strongly reduced branching of capillary-like structures formed by endothelial cells and their long-term maintenance and inhibited vessels formation in embryoid bodies (EB). Growth and vascularization of tumors formed in nude mice by HEK 293-EBNA cells expressing ADAMTS-2 were drastically reduced. A similar anti-tumoral activity was observed when using cells expressing recombinant deleted forms of ADAMTS-2, including catalytically inactive enzyme. Nucleolin, a nuclear protein also found to be associated with the cell membrane, was identified as a potential receptor mediating the antiangiogenic properties of ADAMTS-2. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent Behavior of the North Anatolian Fault: Insights from an Integrated Paleoseismological Dataset
Fraser, J.; Vanneste, K.; Hubert, Aurelia ULg

in Journal of Geophysical Research (2010), 115(B09316),

The North Anatolian Fault (NAF) is a right‐lateral plate boundary fault that arcs across northern Turkey for ∼1500 km. Almost the entire fault progressively ruptured in the 20th century, its cascading ... [more ▼]

The North Anatolian Fault (NAF) is a right‐lateral plate boundary fault that arcs across northern Turkey for ∼1500 km. Almost the entire fault progressively ruptured in the 20th century, its cascading style indicating that stress from one fault rupture triggers fault rupture of adjacent segments. Using published paleoseismic investigations, this study integrates all of the existing information about the timing of paleoearthquakes on the NAF. Paleoseismic investigation data are compiled into a database, and for each site a Bayesian, ordering‐constrained age model is constructed in a consistent framework. Spatial variability of recurrence intervals suggests a spatial pattern in the behavior of earthquakes on the NAF that may correspond to the tectonic provinces within the Anatolian plate. In the west, the shear stress associated with the escaping Anatolian plate interplays with the tensile stress associated with the Aegean extensional province. Along this western transtensional section we recognize short recurrence intervals and switching between the furcated fault strands. The central section of the NAF is translational with little influence of fault‐normal stresses from other tectonic sources. This section tends to rupture in unison or close succession. The eastern section of the NAF is transpressional due to the compressional fault‐normal stress associated with the indenting Arabian plate. Along this section the recurrence intervals are bimodal, which we attribute to variable normal stress, although there are other possible causes. [less ▲]

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See detail"Fitness" versus "fatness": impacts cardio-metaboliques respectifs aux differents ages de la vie.
ESSER, Nathalie ULg; Paquot, Nicolas ULg; Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(4), 199-205

Almost 35% of overweight or obese individuals are free of any metabolic disorder. This may be explained by a favourable fat distribution. However, those individuals also have a higher level of physical ... [more ▼]

Almost 35% of overweight or obese individuals are free of any metabolic disorder. This may be explained by a favourable fat distribution. However, those individuals also have a higher level of physical fitness. Therefore, deleterious cardiometabolic effects of excessive fat mass ("fatness") might be counterbalanced by regular physical activity leading to high cardiorespiratory fitness ("fitness"). The present article first analyzes the various pathophysiological mechanisms explaining why muscular exercise has beneficial effects and second, describes the relationship between "fitness" and "fatness" and their respective cardiometabolic consequences at various ages: adolescents, adults and elderly people. [less ▲]

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See detailL'etude clinique du mois. NAVIGATOR: essai de prevention des complications cardio-vasculaires et du diabete de type 2 par le valsartan et/ou le nateglinide.
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(4), 217-23

NAVIGATOR ("Nateglinide And Valsartan in Impaired Glucose Tolerance Outcomes Research") is a large international placebo-controlled trial that randomised 9,031 individuals at high risk because of impaired ... [more ▼]

NAVIGATOR ("Nateglinide And Valsartan in Impaired Glucose Tolerance Outcomes Research") is a large international placebo-controlled trial that randomised 9,031 individuals at high risk because of impaired glucose tolerance and established cardiovascular disease or cardiovascular risk factors. This trial aimed at investigating whether valsartan (a selective AT1 receptor antagonist) and/or nateglinide (a short-acting insulin-secreting agent) are able to reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular events. After a median follow up of 6.5 years, neither valsartan nor nateglinide improved cardiovascular prognosis in the tested population, which already benefited from a protective pharmacotherapy at baseline and a reinforcement of lifestyle modification throughout the trial. Nateglinide did not diminish the risk of new onset diabetes. In contrast, valsartan reduced the incidence of type 2 diabetes by 14%, confirming the potential interest of the blockade of the renin-angiotensin system in this high-risk population. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasuring the Influence of the kth Largest Variable on Functions over the Unit Hypercube
Marichal, Jean-Luc; Mathonet, Pierre ULg

in Modeling Decisions for Artificial Intelligence 7th International Conference, MDAI 2010 (2010)

By considering a least squares approximation of a given square integrable function f: [0,1]^n\to R by a shifted L-statistic function (a shifted linear combination of order statistics), we define an index ... [more ▼]

By considering a least squares approximation of a given square integrable function f: [0,1]^n\to R by a shifted L-statistic function (a shifted linear combination of order statistics), we define an index which measures the global influence of the k-th largest variable on f. We show that this influence index has appealing properties and we interpret it as an average value of the difference quotient of f in the direction of the k-th largest variable or, under certain natural conditions on f, as an average value of the derivative of f in the direction of the k-th largest variable. We also discuss a few applications of this index in statistics and aggregation theory. [less ▲]

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See detailQuelles perspectives pour le secteur des assuétudes ? Les menaces, opportunités et besoins émergents
Vandoorne, Chantal ULg; Cherbonnier, Alain; Taeymans, Bernadette et al

in Cahiers de Prospective Jeunesse (2010), 56

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See detailPortrait statistique de l'écrivain journaliste en Belgique francophone entre 1918 et 1960
Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg

in Textyles : Revue des Lettres Belges de Langue Française (2010), 39

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