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See detailProduction ligneuse de la forêt wallonne, l'apport de l'inventaire permanent régional
Rondeux, Jacques ULg; Hebert, Jacques ULg; Bourland, Nils ULg et al

in Forêt Wallonne (2005), (79), 3-18

En Région wallonne, l’inventaire permanent des ressources forestières, mis en place en 1994, permet aujourd’hui de fournir des chiffres d’accroissement basés sur une méthodologie rigoureuse. Les chiffres ... [more ▼]

En Région wallonne, l’inventaire permanent des ressources forestières, mis en place en 1994, permet aujourd’hui de fournir des chiffres d’accroissement basés sur une méthodologie rigoureuse. Les chiffres donnés dans cet article permettent de mieux appréhender la capacité actuelle de production de nos forêts en se basant sur une approche scientifique et non sur des hypothèses. Les principaux résultats sont issus de mesurages réalisés entre novembre 1999 et 2001 et concernent une période d’accroissement de 5 ans. Ces mesures ont permis de se faire une idée de la production moyenne en volume de nos principales essences dont les grandes tendances sont les suivantes : • la production annuelle en volume de l’ensemble de la forêt wallonne productive est estimée à 10,1 m3/ha/an (dont 53 % de cette valeur est à charge de la forêt privée) ; • la production en volume des résineux est de 16,4 m3/ha/an et celle des feuillus s’élève à 5,4 m3/ha/an ; • les prélèvements correspondent à 65 % de la production en feuillu et à 109 % de celle des résineux, dans l’état actuel des surfaces occupées par classe d’âge ou stade de développement des peuplements. [less ▲]

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See detailReport on extrapolated time trends at test sites
Broers, H.P.; Visser, A.; Pinault, J.L. et al

Report (2005)

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See detailReport with documentation of reconstructed land use around test sites
Broers, H.P.; Visser, A.; Dubus, I.G. et al

Report (2005)

The establishment of tools for trends analysis in groundwater is essential for the prediction and evaluation of measures taken within context of the Water Framework Directive and the draft Groundwater ... [more ▼]

The establishment of tools for trends analysis in groundwater is essential for the prediction and evaluation of measures taken within context of the Water Framework Directive and the draft Groundwater Directive. This report describes the historic development of contaminant inputs into the groundwater system for the TREND 2 subcatchments. The historic input data are essential to interprete and understand time trends in groundwater, which is the focus of coming deliverables. The emphasis is on diffuse contaminants and includes figures of 1950-present nitrogen inputs fot the Wallonian and Dutch Meuse catchments and the German Schleswig-Holstein catchments. For the Dutch Meuse basin also historical inputs of P, K, S, Ca, Mg, Na, Zn and Cd were estimated. Inputs of the pesticide atrazine were estimated for the small French Brévilles catchment, using interviews with farmers. On a regional scale, all of these cases show increasing inputs up to about 1985 and a decrease afterwards due to regulations from that time on. Trends in inputs of other diffuse pollutants (cations, heavy metals, pesticides) seem to be correlated to the well established nitrogen inputs. The effects of this increase and subsequent decrease on concentrations in the groundwater system will be analysed in further work within TREND2. [less ▲]

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See detailL'anemie chronique dans les maladies inflammatoires de l'intestin: revue de litterature
Vijverman, A.; Belaiche, Jacques ULg; Louis, Edouard ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2005), 60(11), 888-92

Chronic anemia has been considered as an overlooked complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However it deserves full attention since even mild to moderate anemia has significant impact on ... [more ▼]

Chronic anemia has been considered as an overlooked complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However it deserves full attention since even mild to moderate anemia has significant impact on quality of life. During the past decade relevant progress has been made in the understanding and treatment of this pathology. In our review, we focus on frequency, mechanisms, diagnosis and treatment of anemia in IBD. [less ▲]

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See detailActualisation du Résumé Infirmier Minimum et utilisation de la Classification des Interventions en Soins Infirmiers (NIC)
THONON, Olivier ULg; CODOGNOTTO, Jean ULg; GILLET, Pierre ULg et al

in Actes des 15èmes Journées d'Etude Européennes de l'AFEDI (2005, November)

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See detailComputed tomographic pulmonary angiography and prognostic significance in patients with acute pulmonary embolism
Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg; Ghaye, Benoît ULg; Willems, V. et al

in Thorax (2005), 60(11), 956-961

Background: Patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE) present with a broad spectrum of prognoses. Computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA) has progressively been established as a first line ... [more ▼]

Background: Patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE) present with a broad spectrum of prognoses. Computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA) has progressively been established as a first line test in the APE diagnostic algorithm, but estimation of short term prognosis by this method remains to be explored. Methods: Eighty two patients admitted with APE were divided into three groups according to their clinical presentation: pulmonary infarction (n=21), prominent dyspnoea (n=29), and circulatory failure (n=32). CTPA studies included assessment of both pulmonary obstruction index and right heart overload. Haemodynamic evaluation was based on systolic aortic blood pressure, heart rate, and systolic pulmonary arterial pressure obtained non-invasively by echocardiography at the time of diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. Results: The mortality rate was 0%, 13.8% and 25% in the three groups, respectively. Neither the pulmonary obstruction index nor the pulmonary artery pressure could predict patient outcome. In contrast, a significant correlation with mortality was found using the systolic blood pressure (p<0.001) and heart rate (p<0.05), as well as from imaging parameters including right to left ventricle minor axis ratio (p<0.005), proximal superior vena cava diameter (p<0.001), azygos vein diameter (p<0.001), and presence of contrast regurgitation into the inferior vena cava (p=0.001). Analysis from logistic regression aimed at testing for mortality prediction revealed true reclassification of 89% using radiological variables. Conclusion: These results suggest that CTPA quantification of right ventricular strain is an accurate predictor of in-hospital death related to pulmonary embolism. [less ▲]

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See detailBelgian surveillance plans to assess changes in Salmonella prevalence in meat at different production stages
Ghafir, Yasmine; China, Bernard; Korsak, Nicolas et al

in Journal of Food Protection (2005), 68(11), 160-168

From 1997 to 1999, the prevalence of Salmonella was assessed at different stages through the pork, poultry, and beef meat production chains. Different dilutions of the initial sample suspension were ... [more ▼]

From 1997 to 1999, the prevalence of Salmonella was assessed at different stages through the pork, poultry, and beef meat production chains. Different dilutions of the initial sample suspension were analyzed to provide a semiquantitative evaluation of Salmonella contamination and to determine the most representative dilution necessary to detect a reduction in prevalence. An average of 300 samples for each type of meat were analyzed. According to Fisher's exact test, the dilution to be used to detect a reduction in prevalence was chosen based on an initial prevalence of 20 to 26%. Based on this introductory study, a new sampling plan representative of the nationwide Belgian meat production process was used from 2000 through to 2003. This study confirmed the consistently high rate and level of contamination of poultry meat: broiler and layer carcasses were the most contaminated samples followed by broiler fillets and poultry meat preparations. A constant and significant decrease in Salmonella prevalence was observed for pork carcasses, trimmings, and minced meat and for beef minced meat. Less than 3% of beef carcasses and trimming samples were positive for Salmonella. The Belgian plan, as utilized from 2000 to 2003, was suitable for monitoring of zoonoses because the sampling plan was representative of nationwide production processes, covered all periods of the year, and was executed by trained samplers and the analyses were carried out by recognized laboratories using an identical analytical method. [less ▲]

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See detailAffective valence and the self-reference effect: influence of retrieval conditions
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Comblain, Christine; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in British Journal of Psychology (2005), 96(Pt 4), 457-466

Positive trait information is typically better recalled than negative trait information when encoded in reference to the self, but not when encoded in reference to someone else or when processed for ... [more ▼]

Positive trait information is typically better recalled than negative trait information when encoded in reference to the self, but not when encoded in reference to someone else or when processed for general meaning. This study examined whether this influence of affective meaning is modulated by retrieval conditions. Participants encoded positive and negative trait adjectives in reference to themselves or to a celebrity. They were then presented with either a free-recall task (Experiment 1) or a recognition memory task (Experiment 2). Positive adjectives were better recalled than negative adjectives, but only when they were encoded in reference to the self. In contrast, encoding condition and valence did not interact in the recognition memory task. Taken together, these findings suggest that the difference in memory between positive and negative self-referent information is due, at least in part, to a control exerted on memory retrieval. [less ▲]

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See detailL'echinococcose alveolaire: une zoonose d'apparition recente en Wallonie
Wauters, Odile ULg; Honore, Charles ULg; Detry, Olivier ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2005), 60(11), 867-74

Alveolar echinococcosis is a serious parasitic disease, leading to large hepatic lesions. It must be distinguished from cystic echinococcosis, or hydatic cyst, caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Early ... [more ▼]

Alveolar echinococcosis is a serious parasitic disease, leading to large hepatic lesions. It must be distinguished from cystic echinococcosis, or hydatic cyst, caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Early diagnosis may allow surgical removal of the lesions by segmental hepatectomy, the only curative treatment. Parasitostatic medical treatment with albendazole may promote stabilization of the disease. Until recently, Belgium was considered a country at very low risk for alveolar echinococcosis, as no human case was reported, despite up to 51% of fox infection in southern Belgium autopsy series. Recently four patients presented with alveolar echinococcosis at the University Hospital Center of Liege, leading to the fear of a possible alveolar echinococcosis endemy in southern Belgium. Two of these patients underwent curative hepatectomy, but the other two had already pulmonary metastases at diagnosis and received palliative albendazole therapy. This article presents these cases, and reviews the clinical features of this parasitic disease. [less ▲]

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See detailMechanical properties of highly porous PDLLA/Bioglass (R) composite foams as scaffolds for bone tissue engineering
Blaker, Jonny J.; Maquet, Véronique; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Acta Biomaterialia (2005), 1(6), 643-652

This study developed highly porous degradable composites as potential scaffolds for bone tissue engineering. These scaffolds consisted of poly-d,l-lactic acid filled with 2 and 15 vol.% of 45S5 Bioglass® ... [more ▼]

This study developed highly porous degradable composites as potential scaffolds for bone tissue engineering. These scaffolds consisted of poly-d,l-lactic acid filled with 2 and 15 vol.% of 45S5 Bioglass® particles and were produced via thermally induced solid–liquid phase separation and subsequent solvent sublimation. The scaffolds had a bimodal and anisotropic pore structure, with tubular macro-pores of 100 μm in diameter, and with interconnected micro-pores of 10–50 μm in diameter. Quasi-static and thermal dynamic mechanical analysis carried out in compression along with thermogravimetric analysis was used to investigate the effect of Bioglass® on the properties of the foams. Quasi-static compression testing demonstrated mechanical anisotropy concomitant with the direction of the macro-pores. An analytical modelling approach was applied, which demonstrated that the presence of Bioglass® did not significantly alter the porous architecture of these foams and reflected the mechanical anisotropy which was congruent with the scanning electron microscopy investigation. This study found that the Ishai–Cohen and Gibson–Ashby models can be combined to predict the compressive modulus of the composite foams. The modulus and density of these complex foams are related by a power-law function with an exponent between 2 and 3. [less ▲]

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See detailOxytocin receptor pattern of expression in primary lung cancer and in normal human lung
Pequeux, Christel ULg; Breton, C.; Hagelstein, M. T. et al

in Lung Cancer (2005), 50(2), 177-188

In order to assess if oxytocin- and vasopressin-induced mitogenic effects detected on small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) cell lines could be transposed on primary SCLC, the aim of the present work was to ... [more ▼]

In order to assess if oxytocin- and vasopressin-induced mitogenic effects detected on small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) cell lines could be transposed on primary SCLC, the aim of the present work was to identify mediators of these mitogenic actions on primary tumours samples. This was addressed on normal human lung tissue, on SCLC and on non-SCLC (NSCLC). Herein, we observe, in normal human lung, that OTR is colocalized with vascular endothelial cells of the lung and is not expressed by lung cells of epithelial nature. We detected mRNA amplification of V1aR, V2R and of a V2R variant. We observed that 86% of SCLC biopsies analyzed expressed at least the OTR and that 71% expressed the OTR, the V1aR and the V2R altogether. Comparatively, 50% of NSCLC biopsies tested expressed at least the OTR and 32% expressed the OTR, the V1aR and the V2R altogether. The occurrence of the V1bR/V3R is of 28 and 18% for SCLC and NSCLC, respectively. Nevertheless, for the SCLC biopsies analyzed in this study, V1bR/V3R expression correlates, in all cases, with the expression of all the other neurohypophysial peptide receptors. Our results suggest that neurohypophysial peptide antagonists may offer promise as a potential new therapeutic modality for the treatment of lung cancer expressing at least one of the neurhypophysial peptide receptor subtypes. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPoly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate)/clay nanocomposites: Effect of clay nature and organic modifiers on morphology, mechanical and thermal properties
Peeterbroeck, Sophie; Alexandre, Michaël ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Polymer Degradation & Stability (2005), 90(2), 288-294

Nanocomposites based on an ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer (27 wt% vinyl acetate) and various (organo-modified) clays have been prepared by melt blending and their morphology, tensile and thermal ... [more ▼]

Nanocomposites based on an ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer (27 wt% vinyl acetate) and various (organo-modified) clays have been prepared by melt blending and their morphology, tensile and thermal degradation properties have been evaluated. Special attention has been paid to the influence of the clay nature and origin (montmorillonite or fluoromica) as well as on the nature of the ammonium cation organic modifier. It has been shown that nanostructure and tensile properties mainly depend on the nature of the organic modifier while the delay in thermal volatilisation of EVA during thermo-oxidation is mainly driven by the nature of the clay (mainly its aspect ratio), with no significant influence of the nanostructure of the nature of the organic modifier. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPrecambrian geodynamics and ore formation: The Fennoscandian Shield
Weihed, Pär; Arndt, Nicholas; Billström, Kjell et al

in Ore Geology Reviews (2005), 27(1-4), 273-322

Compared with present-day global plate tectonics, Archaean and Palaeoproterozoic plate tectonics may have involved faster moving, hotter plates that accumulated less sediment and contained a thinner ... [more ▼]

Compared with present-day global plate tectonics, Archaean and Palaeoproterozoic plate tectonics may have involved faster moving, hotter plates that accumulated less sediment and contained a thinner section of lithospheric mantle. This scenario also fits with the complex geodynamic evolution of the Fennoscandian Shield from 2.06 to 1.78 Ga when rapid accretion of island arcs and several microcontinent-continent collisions in a complex array of orogens was manifested in short-lived but intense orogenies involving voluminous magmatism. With a few exceptions, all major ore deposits formed in specific tectonic settings between 2.06 and 1.78 Ga and thus a strong geodynamic control oil ore deposit formation is suggested. All orogenic gold deposits formed syn- to post-peak metamorphism and their timing reflects the orogenic younging of the shield towards the SW and west. Most orogenic gold deposits formed during periods of crustal shortening with peaks at 2.72 to 2.67, 1.90 to 1.86 and 1.85 to 1.79 Ga. The ca. 2.5 to 2.4 Ga Ni-Cu PGE deposits formed both as part of layered igneous complexes and associated with mafic volcanism, in basins formed during rifling of the Archaean craton at ca. 2.5 to 2.4 Ga. Svecokarelian ca. 1.89 to 1.88 Ga Ni-Cu deposits are related to mafic-ultramafic rocks intruded along linear belts at the accretionary margins of microcratons. All major VMS deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield formed between 1.97 and 1.88 Ga, in extensional settings, prior to basin inversion and accretion. The oldest "Cyprus-type" deposits were obducted onto the Archaean continent during the onset of convergence. The Pyhasalmi VMS deposits formed at 1.93 to 1.91 Ga in primitive, bimodal arc complexes during extension of the arc. In contrast, the Skellefte VMS deposits are 20 to 30 million years younger and formed in a strongly extensional intra-arc region that developed on continental or mature arc crust. Deposits in the Bergslagen-Uusimaa belt are similar in age to the Skellefte deposits and formed in a microcraton that collided with the Karelian craton at ca. 1.88 to 1.87 Ga. The Bergslagen-Uusimaa belt is interpreted as an intra-continental, or continental margin back-arc, extensional region developed on older continental crust. Iron oxide-copper-gold (IOCG) deposits are diverse in style. At least the oldest mineralizing stages, at ca. 1.88 Ga, are coeval with calc-alkaline to monzonitic magmatism and coeval and possibly cogenetic subaerial volcanism more akin to continental arcs or to magmatic arcs inboard of the active subduction zone. Younger mineralization of similar style took place when S-type magmatism occurred at ca. 1.80 to 1.77 Ga during cratonization distal to the active N-S-trending subduction zone in the west. Possibly, interaction of magmatic fluids with evaporitic sequences in older rift sequences was important for ore formation. Finally, the large volumes of anorthositic magmas that characterize the Sveconorwegian Orogeny formed a major concentration of Ti in the SW part of the Sveconorwegian orogenic belt under granulite facies conditions, about 40 million years after the last regional deformation of the Sveconorwegian Orogeny, between ca. 930 and 920 Ma. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPrevalence des differentes especes de Candida au niveau vaginal dans la region Liegeoise
Senterre, J. M.; Carpentier, Martine ULg; Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2005), 60(11), 882-4

We calculated the prevalences of different yeast species isolated from more than 20,000 vulvovaginal specimens carried out at the CHR hospital in Liege. To assess the value of the observed relative ... [more ▼]

We calculated the prevalences of different yeast species isolated from more than 20,000 vulvovaginal specimens carried out at the CHR hospital in Liege. To assess the value of the observed relative frequencies, the culture results of 149 samples were confronted with those of a real-time PCR technique of fungal identification. With a prevalence close to 90%, Candida albicans remains the largely dominant species. In contrast with other teams, we observed no increase of the prevalences of Candida non-albicans species. [less ▲]

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See detailEvidence for phase-locked X-ray variations from the colliding-wind massive binary Cyg OB2 #8A
De Becker, Michaël ULg; Rauw, Grégor ULg

in Rauw, G.; Nazé, Y.; Blomme, R. (Eds.) et al Massive Stars and High-Energy Emission in OB Associations (2005, November)

We report on preliminary results of a multi-observatory investigation of the X-ray emission from the massive colliding wind binary Cyg OB2 #8A (O6If + O5.5III(f)). On the basis of our new XMM-Newton-EPIC ... [more ▼]

We report on preliminary results of a multi-observatory investigation of the X-ray emission from the massive colliding wind binary Cyg OB2 #8A (O6If + O5.5III(f)). On the basis of our new XMM-Newton-EPIC observations, along with archive ASCA-SIS and ROSAT-PSPC data, we show strong evidence for a significant phase-locked variability of the X-ray emission from Cyg OB2 #8A with the period of 21.9 days determined by De Becker et al. (2004). These results lend further support to the colliding wind scenario that was already suggested by optical data (De Becker & Rauw 2005). We briefly discuss the behaviour of the X-ray emission from this binary system as a function of phase in the context of the colliding wind scenario. [less ▲]

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See detailXMM-Newton observations of the Cyg OB2 association
Rauw, Grégor ULg; De Becker, Michaël ULg; Linder, Natacha ULg

in Massive Stars and High-Energy Emission in OB Associations (2005, November)

We present the first results of an observing campaign of the Cyg OB2 association with the XMM-Newton observatory. The brightest OB-type stars exhibit rather hard spectra suggesting that at least part of ... [more ▼]

We present the first results of an observing campaign of the Cyg OB2 association with the XMM-Newton observatory. The brightest OB-type stars exhibit rather hard spectra suggesting that at least part of their X-ray emission arises in a wind-wind interaction. The EPIC images reveal a large number of fainter X-ray sources most of which are probably low-mass pre-main sequence stars belonging to Cyg OB2. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the multiplicity of the non-thermal radio emitters 9 Sgr and HD 168112
Rauw, Grégor ULg; Sana, H.; Gosset, Eric ULg et al

in Massive Stars and High-Energy Emission in OB Associations (2005, November)

We discuss the first results of our ongoing optical spectroscopic monitoring campaign of the two O-type stars 9 Sgr and HD 168112. Both objects display a non-thermal radio emission and were considered as ... [more ▼]

We discuss the first results of our ongoing optical spectroscopic monitoring campaign of the two O-type stars 9 Sgr and HD 168112. Both objects display a non-thermal radio emission and were considered as single stars. Based on a large set of high-resolution spectra, we find that 9 Sgr is clearly an eccentric SB2 binary with an orbital period of several years. On the other hand, no evidence for radial velocity variations attributable to binary motion is found in our spectra of HD 168112. [less ▲]

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See detailL'aide à l'arrêt du tabagisme : une nécessité
Delvaux, Muriel ULg; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg; Bartsch, Pierre ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2005), 60(11), 863-866

Today the smoker carries a risk of mortality 70% higher compared to the nonsmoker. In Belgium active smoking is indisputably the most important cause of avoidable death. In 2004 it appears that 27% of the ... [more ▼]

Today the smoker carries a risk of mortality 70% higher compared to the nonsmoker. In Belgium active smoking is indisputably the most important cause of avoidable death. In 2004 it appears that 27% of the belgian population was smoking. This review describes the comorbidity associated with active tobacco consumption and defines the concepts of dependence and smoking cessation. It also identifies the three factors which determine the success of smoking cessation, i.e. the degree of nicotinic dependence, the presence of anxio-depressive disorders and the importance of the motivation to the stop. [less ▲]

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