Publications ORBi OA
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailSolar Concentrator
Collette, Jean-Paul ULg; Defise, Jean-Marc ULg; Habraken, Serge ULg

Patent (2004)

A solar concentrator based on multi V shape reflectors is proposed to reduce the PV cell area (and cost). The optimisation is for space concentration purpose but extendable to terrestrial system.

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (6 ULg)
Full Text
See detailInterfacial study of lipolysis inhibition by proteins.
Danthine, Sabine ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Deroanne, Claude

Poster (2004, February 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLipolysis inhibition by proteose-peptone : an interfaciale study.
Danthine, Sabine ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Deroanne, Claude

Poster (2004, February 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSurface properties of two closely related sugar esters : glucose octanoate and octyl glucuronate.
Blecker, Christophe ULg; Deroanne, Claude; Moreau, B. et al

Poster (2004, February 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe effect of the hydrophobic chain lenght on surface properties of enzymatically prepared n-alkylesters of glucuronic acid.
Piccicuto, Salvator; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Marlier, Michel et al

Poster (2004, February 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailStudy of synthesis and surface activity of inulin lauric esters.
Ius, E.; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Verardo, G. et al

Poster (2004, February 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEncheliophis chardewalli: A new species of carapidae (Ophidiiformes) from French Polynesia, with a redescription of Encheliophis vermicularis
Parmentier, Eric ULg

in Copeia (2004), (1), 62-67

A specimen of Encheliophis was found in the coelomic cavity of a sea cucumber in Moorea (French Polynesia). The skeletal morphology (skull, girdles, vertebrae) reveal it to be a new species, described ... [more ▼]

A specimen of Encheliophis was found in the coelomic cavity of a sea cucumber in Moorea (French Polynesia). The skeletal morphology (skull, girdles, vertebrae) reveal it to be a new species, described herein as Encheliophis chardewalli. It is separable from all described species of Encheliophis (except Encheliophis vermicularis) by the lack of pectoral fins and from E. vermicularis by the larger and fewer teeth on the lower jaw (14 vs more than 20 in E. vermicularis) and by seven branchiostegal rays (vs six in E. vermicularis). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (5 ULg)
Full Text
See detailQuelles mesures d’impact des publications alternatives ?
Thirion, Paul ULg

Scientific conference (2004, February 09)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCrystal structure of the catalytic domain of MMP-16/MT3-MMP: Characterization of MT-MMP specific features
Lang, R.; Braun, M.; Sounni, Nor Eddine ULg et al

in Journal of Molecular Biology (2004), 336(1), 213-225

Membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases (MT-MMPs) have attracted strong attention, because four of them can activate a key player in the tumor scenario, proMMP-2/progelatinase A. In addition to this ... [more ▼]

Membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases (MT-MMPs) have attracted strong attention, because four of them can activate a key player in the tumor scenario, proMMP-2/progelatinase A. In addition to this indirect effect on the cellular environment, these MT-MMPs degrade extracellular matrix proteins, and their overproduction is associated with tumor growth. We have solved the structure of the catalytic domain (cd) of MT3-MMP/MMP-16 in complex with the hydroxamic acid inhibitor batimastat. CdMT3-MMP exhibits a classical MMP-fold with similarity to MT1-MMP. Nevertheless, it also shows unique properties such as a modified MT-specific loop and a closed S1' specificity pocket, which might help to design specific inhibitors. Some MT-MMP-specific features, derived from the crystal structures of MT-1-MMP determined previously and MT3-MMP, and revealed in recent mutagenesis experiments, explain the impaired interaction of the MT-MMPs with TIMP-1. Docking experiments with proMMP-2 show some exposed loops including the MT-loop of cdMT3-MMP involved in the interaction with the proMMP-2 prodomain in the activation encounter complex. This model might help to understand the experimentally proven importance of the MT-loop for the activation of proMMP-2. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPreparation of functionalized alkoxyamine initiator and its use
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Gross, Thomas; Meyer, Rolf-Volker

Patent (2004)

A one-pot process for the preparation of functional alkoxyamines of the general formula (I),is disclosed. The process entails (1) reacting an oxidizing agent with a sterically hindered secondary amine to ... [more ▼]

A one-pot process for the preparation of functional alkoxyamines of the general formula (I),is disclosed. The process entails (1) reacting an oxidizing agent with a sterically hindered secondary amine to produce an aqueous phase and a nitroxyl radical (2) removing the aqueous phase and adding to the nitroxyl radical one or more vinyl monomer(s) conforming to a formula and a system which produces free radicals. Also disclosed is a process of polymerizing monomers using the functional alkoxyamine. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailUn modèle pédagogique global pour une approche du paysage fondée sur les nouvelles technologies de l'information et de la communication (NTIC)
Partoune, Christine ULg

Doctoral thesis (2004)

How to develop global and complex thinking ? By conceiving and making an hyperlandscape with appropriate pedagogical and technical constraints. But is it enough ? No, of course ! I requires an inventive ... [more ▼]

How to develop global and complex thinking ? By conceiving and making an hyperlandscape with appropriate pedagogical and technical constraints. But is it enough ? No, of course ! I requires an inventive approach for giving a sense to that task. Here is described the way followed during a research-action in various contexts, from primary school to high school. A global pedagogical model is proposed as a tool for environmental education by and for the landscape. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 84 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNon-adiabatic theoretical observables in delta Scuti stars
Moya, A.; Garrido, R.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2004), 414

Phase differences and amplitude ratios at different colour photometric bands are currently being used to discriminate pulsation modes to facilitate mode identification of kappa-driven non-radial pulsating ... [more ▼]

Phase differences and amplitude ratios at different colour photometric bands are currently being used to discriminate pulsation modes to facilitate mode identification of kappa-driven non-radial pulsating stars. In addition to physical inputs (e.g., mass, T_eff, etc.), these quantities depend on the non-adiabatic treatment of the atmosphere. This paper presents theoretical results concerning delta Scuti pulsating stars. The envelope of each of these stellar structures possesses a convection zone whose development is determined by various factors. An interacting pulsation-atmosphere physical treatment is introduced which supplies two basic non-adiabatic physical quantities: the relative effective temperature variation and the phase lag phi[SUP]T[/SUP], defined as the angle between effective temperature variation and radial displacement. These quantities can be used to derive the phase differences and amplitude ratios. Numerivalues for these quantities depend critically on the alpha MLT parameter used to calculate the convection in the envelope. The dependence on alpha was analyzed and it was found that the use of colour observations may be of considerable importance in testing the MLT. Finally, examples are given of how alpha introduces uncertainties in the theoretical predictions regarding phases and amplitudes of photometric variations in delta Scuti pulsating stars. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPicosecond laser for performance of efficient nonlinear spectroscopy from 10 to 21 mm
Mani, A. A.; Schultz, Z. D.; Gewirth, A. A. et al

in Optics Letters (2004), 29(3), 274-276

Laser tunability from 10 to 21 mm is obtained by use of an optical parametric oscillator based on a KTP crystal followed by a difference-frequency stage with a CdSe crystal. An all-solid-state picosecond ... [more ▼]

Laser tunability from 10 to 21 mm is obtained by use of an optical parametric oscillator based on a KTP crystal followed by a difference-frequency stage with a CdSe crystal. An all-solid-state picosecond Nd:YAG oscillator mode locked by a frequency-doubling nonlinear mirror is used for synchronous pumping. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAsteroseismology of the beta Cep star HD 129929. II. Seismic constraints on core overshooting, internal rotation and stellar parameters
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Thoul, Anne ULg; Scuflaire, Richard ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2004), 415

We perform a detailed seismic study of the beta Cep star HD 129929. Our analysis is based on the recent derivation of six pulsation frequencies. These frequencies are unambiguously identified from the ... [more ▼]

We perform a detailed seismic study of the beta Cep star HD 129929. Our analysis is based on the recent derivation of six pulsation frequencies. These frequencies are unambiguously identified from the seismic modelling and the photometric amplitudes to be the radial fundamental, the l=1, p[SUB]1[/SUB] triplet, two consecutive components of the l=2, g[SUB]1[/SUB] quintuplet. A non-adiabatic analysis allows us to constrain the metallicity of the star to Z \in [0.016, 0.022]. In addition, the fitting of three independent frequencies, two of which correspond to axisymmetric (m=0) modes, allows us to constrain the core overshooting parameter to alpha[SUB]ov[/SUB]=0.10 ± 0.05, as well as the other global parameters of the star. Finally, from the observation of the l=1 triplet and part of the l=2 quintuplet, we derive constraints on the internal rotation of this star. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAsteroseismology of the beta Cep star HD 129929. I. Observations, oscillation frequencies and stellar parameters
Aerts, C.; Waelkens, C.; Daszynska-Daszkiewicz, J. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2004), 415

We have gathered and analysed a timeseries of 1493 high-quality multicolour Geneva photometric data of the B3V beta Cep star HD 129929. The dataset has a time base of 21.2 years. The occurrence of a ... [more ▼]

We have gathered and analysed a timeseries of 1493 high-quality multicolour Geneva photometric data of the B3V beta Cep star HD 129929. The dataset has a time base of 21.2 years. The occurrence of a beating phenomenon is evident from the data. We find evidence for the presence of at least six frequencies, among which we see components of two frequency multiplets with an average spacing of Ë 0.0121 c d[SUP]-1[/SUP] which points towards very slow rotation. This result is in agreement with new spectroscopic data of the star and also with previously taken UV spectra. We provide the amplitudes of the six frequencies in all seven photometric filters. The metal content of the star is Z=0.018± 0.004. All these observational results will be used to perform detailed seismic modelling of this massive star in a subsequent paper. Based on data gathered with the Swiss 0.7m telescope equipped with the photometer P7 of the Geneva Observatory and with the FEROS spectrograph attached to the ESO 2.2 m telescope, both situated at La Silla in Chile; the reduced photometric multicolour data are provided in Table 1, which is only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/415/241 [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVLT + UVES spectroscopy of the low-ionization intrinsic absorber in SDSS J001130.56+005550.7
Hutsemekers, Damien ULg; Hall, Patrick; Brinkmann, J.

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2004), 415

We analyse high-resolution VLT+UVES spectra of the low-ionization intrinsic absorber observed in the BAL QSO SDSS J001130.56+005550.7. Two narrow absorption systems at velocities -600 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP ... [more ▼]

We analyse high-resolution VLT+UVES spectra of the low-ionization intrinsic absorber observed in the BAL QSO SDSS J001130.56+005550.7. Two narrow absorption systems at velocities -600 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP] and -22 000 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP] are detected. The low-velocity system is part of the broad absorption line (BAL), while the high-velocity one is well detached. While most narrow absorption components are only detected in the high-ionization species, the lowest velocity component is detected in both high- and low-ionization species, including in the excited Si II[SUP]*[/SUP] and C II[SUP]*[/SUP] lines. From the analysis of doublet lines, we find that the narrow absorption lines at the low-velocity end of the BAL trough are completely saturated but do not reach zero flux, their profiles being dominated by a velocity-dependent covering factor. The covering factor is significantly smaller for Mg II than for Si IV and N V , which demonstrates the intrinsic nature of absorber. From the analysis of the excited Si II[SUP]*[/SUP] and C II[SUP]*[/SUP] lines in the lowest velocity component, we find an electron density ~=10[SUP]3[/SUP] cm[SUP]-3[/SUP]. Assuming photoionization equilibrium, we derive a distance ~=20 kpc between the low-ionization region and the quasar core. The correspondence in velocity of the high- and low-ionization features suggests that all these species must be closely associated, hence formed at the same distance of Ë 20 kpc, much higher than the distance usually assumed for BAL absorbers. Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory, Cerro Paranal, Chile (ESO 267.A-5698). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailMAGRITTE: an instrument suite for the solar atmospheric imaging assembly (AIA) aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory
Rochus, Pierre ULg; Defise, Jean-Marc ULg; Halain, Jean-Philippe ULg et al

in Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) Conference Series (2004, February 01)

The Solar Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory will characterize the dynamical evolution of the solar plasma from the chromosphere to the corona, and will follow the ... [more ▼]

The Solar Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory will characterize the dynamical evolution of the solar plasma from the chromosphere to the corona, and will follow the connection of plasma dynamics with magnetic activity throughout the solar atmosphere. The AIA consists of 7 high-resolution imaging telescopes in the following spectral bandpasses: 1215Å. Ly-a, 304 Å He II, 629 Å OV, 465 Å Ne VII, 195 Å Fe XII (includes Fe XXIV), 284 Å Fe XV, and 335 Å Fe XVI. The telescopes are grouped by instrumental approach: the MAGRITTE Filtergraphs (R. MAGRITTE, famous 20th Century Belgian Surrealistic Artist), five multilayer EUV channels with bandpasses ranging from 195 to 1216 Å, and the SPECTRE Spectroheliograph with one soft-EUV channel at OV 629 Å. They will be simultaneously operated with a 10-second imaging cadence. These two instruments, the electronic boxes and two redundant Guide Telescopes (GT) constitute the AIA suite. They will be mounted and coaligned on a dedicated common optical bench. The GTs will provide pointing jitter information to the whole SHARPP assembly. This paper presents the selected technologies, the different challenges, the trade-offs to be made in phase A, and the model philosophy. From a scientific viewpoint, the unique combination high temporal and spatial resolutions with the simultaneous multi-channel capability will allow MAGRITTE / SPECTRE to explore new domains in the dynamics of the solar atmosphere, in particular the fast small-scale phenomena. We show how the spectral channels of the different instruments were derived to fulfill the AIA scientific objectives, and we outline how this imager array will address key science issues, like the transition region and coronal waves or flare precursors, in coordination with other SDO experiments. We finally describe the real-time solar monitoring products that will be made available for space-weather forecasting applications. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 94 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAcidophilic adaptation of family 11 endo--1,4-xylanases: Modeling and mutational analysis
De Lemos Esteves, Frédéric ULg; Ruelle, Virginie; Lamotte-Brasseur, Josette ULg et al

in Protein Science : A Publication of the Protein Society (2004), 13(5), 12091218

Xyl1 from Streptomyces sp. S38 belongs to the low molecular mass family 11 of endo--1,4-xylanases. Its three-dimensional structure has been solved at 2.0 Å and its optimum temperature and pH for enzymatic ... [more ▼]

Xyl1 from Streptomyces sp. S38 belongs to the low molecular mass family 11 of endo--1,4-xylanases. Its three-dimensional structure has been solved at 2.0 Å and its optimum temperature and pH for enzymatic activity are 60°C and 6.0, respectively. Aspergillus kawachii xylanase XynC belongs to the same family but is an acidophilic enzyme with an optimum pH of 2.0. Structural comparison of Xyl1 and XynC showed differences in residues surrounding the two glutamic acid side chains involved in the catalysis that could be responsible for the acidophilic adaptation of XynC. Mutations W20Y, N48D, A134E, and Y193W were introduced by site-directed mutagenesis and combined in multiple mutants. Trp 20 and Tyr 193 are involved in substrate binding. The Y193W mutation inactivated Xyl1 whereas W20Y decreased the optimum pH of Xyl1 to 5.0 and slightly increased its specific activity. The N48D mutation also decreased the optimum pH of Xyl1 by one unit. The A134E substitution did not induce any change, but when combined with N48D, a synergistic effect was observed with a 1.4 unit decrease in the optimum pH. Modeling showed that the orientations of residue 193 and of the fully conserved Arg 131 are different in acidophilic and alkaline xylanases whereas the introduced Tyr 20 probably modifies the pKa of the acid-base catalyst via residue Asn 48. Docking of a substrate analog in the catalytic site highlighted striking differences between Xyl1 and XynC in substrate binding. Hydrophobicity calculations showed a correlation between acidophilic adaptation and a decreased hydrophobicity around the two glutamic acid side chains involved in catalysis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNebulised salbutamol administered during sputum induction improves bronchoprotection in patients with asthma
Delvaux, Muriel ULg; Henket, Monique ULg; Lau, L. et al

in Thorax (2004), 59(2), 111-115

Background: Inhalation of hypertonic or even isotonic saline during sputum induction may cause bronchospasm in susceptible patients with asthma, despite premedication with 400 mug inhaled salbutamol ... [more ▼]

Background: Inhalation of hypertonic or even isotonic saline during sputum induction may cause bronchospasm in susceptible patients with asthma, despite premedication with 400 mug inhaled salbutamol delivered by pressurised metered dose inhaler (pMDI). The bronchoprotection afforded by additional inhaled salbutamol administered through the ultrasonic nebuliser during sputum induction was investigated. Methods: Twenty patients with moderate to severe asthma underwent sputum induction by inhaling saline 4.5% (or 0.9% if post-bronchodilation forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) <65% predicted) for 10 minutes according to two protocols given 1 week apart in random order. At visit A the patients received 400 mg salbutamol administered through a pMDI + spacer 20 minutes before induction while at visit B the premedication was supplemented by 1500 mg nebulised salbutamol inhaled throughout the induction procedure. Both the investigator and the patients were blind to the nebulised solution used. FEV1 was recorded during sputum induction at 1, 3, 5, and 10 minutes. Sputum cell counts and histamine, tryptase and albumin levels in the supernatants were determined. Results: The mean (SE) maximal reduction in FEV1 over the 10 minute period of sputum induction was 11.7 (2.8)% at visit A, which was significantly greater than at visit B (2.6 (1.2)%; mean difference 9% (95% CI 2.7 to 15.4), p < 0.01). Total and differential sputum cell counts as well as albumin, tryptase, and histamine levels did not differ between the two visits. Conclusion: The addition of inhaled salbutamol through an ultrasonic nebuliser markedly improves bronchoprotection against saline induced bronchoconstriction in patients with moderate to severe asthma undergoing sputum induction without affecting cell counts and inflammatory markers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (5 ULg)