Publications ORBi OA
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See detailColumnar defects acting as passive internal field detectors
Silhanek, Alejandro ULg; Civale, L.; Avila, M. A.

in Physical Review. B : Condensed Matter (2002), 65(17),

We have studied the angular dependence of the irreversible magnetization of several YBa2Cu3O7 and 2H-NbSe2 single crystals with columnar defects tilted off the c axis. At high magnetic fields, the ... [more ▼]

We have studied the angular dependence of the irreversible magnetization of several YBa2Cu3O7 and 2H-NbSe2 single crystals with columnar defects tilted off the c axis. At high magnetic fields, the irreversible magnetization M-i(Theta) exhibits a well-known maximum when the applied field is parallel to the tracks. As the field is decreased below Hsimilar to0.02H(c2), the peak shifts away from the tracks' direction toward either the c axis or the ab planes. We demonstrate that this shift results from the misalignment between the external and internal field directions due to the competition between anisotropy and geometry effects. [less ▲]

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See detailGeology, palaeobotany and palynology of the Northeastern part of the Ardenne, Belgium
Steemans, Philippe ULg; Vanguestaine, M.; Gerrienne, Philippe ULg

Book published by Paleopalyno. Paléobot. Micropal. (2002)

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See detailMPEG: Standards for Digital Video MPEG Activities in Belgium
Van Droogenbroeck, Marc ULg

in Revue HF (2002), 2

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See detailPathogenic Escherichia coli strains from dogs and cats : IV) - General discussion
Mainil, Jacques ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2002), 146(4, AUG-SEP), 219

This manuscript reviews the current knowledge on the main classes of pathogenic Escherichia coli in dogs and cats: type 1 necrotoxigenic strains (NTEC1), adhesin-positive strains (AdEC), enteropathogenic ... [more ▼]

This manuscript reviews the current knowledge on the main classes of pathogenic Escherichia coli in dogs and cats: type 1 necrotoxigenic strains (NTEC1), adhesin-positive strains (AdEC), enteropathogenic strains (EPEC) and enterotoxigenic strains (ETEC). They represent primary or secondary (to other bacterial, parasitic and/or viral infections) infectious agents. NTEC1 and AdEC are the most frequent and are responsible for intestinal, urinary tract and invasive infections, while EPEC and ETEC limit their infections to the intestinal tract. ETEC are the less frequent but EPEC are more and more often observed. The specific virulence factors and other properties of these pathogenic E. coli strains are similar to those of their bovine, human and porcine counterparts, for their identity and their genetic determinism. This similarity allows the use of an identical approach in their diagnosis and typing. But for some NTEC1, AdEC and EPEC strains the similarity is so close that it also raises the question of their zoonotic potential, though there is up to now no epidemiological evidence of such cross contamination of man by canine or feline pathogenic E. coli (or vice versa). [less ▲]

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See detailEditorial. Ecrire...
Hindryckx, Geneviève ULg

in Cahiers du Service de Pédagogie Expérimentale (SPE) (2002), 11-12

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See detailEtude de la perturbation de l'image du corps dans un échantillon de patientes boulimiques
Bragard, Isabelle ULg; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg; Mayers, I. et al

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2002), 7(2), 5-18

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See detailOn-line automated PLE and multi-column clean-up system for PCDD/Fs and PCB analysis in food samples
Focant, Jean-François ULg; Shirkhan, Hamid; De Pauw, Edwin ULg

in Organohalogen Compounds (2002), 55

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See detailPCDD/F and non-ortho PCB body burden of the general population in Wallonia, Belgium: impact of different sources of environmental pollution
Fierens, S.; Mairesse, Hélène; Focant, Jean-François ULg et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2002), 55

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See detailL'abus du droit de conclure : vivacité d'une théorie
Boularbah, Hakim ULg; Van Droogenbroeck, J.-F.

in Mélanges Philippe Gérard (2002)

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See detail'One is exiled when one refuses to obey the commandments of Conquest Mission': Religion as Metaphor in Caryl Phillips's Philosophy
Ledent, Bénédicte ULg

in Stilz, Gerhard (Ed.) Missions of Interdependence: A Literary Directory (2002)

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See detailLa certification des modes de production de la viande sous label
De Longueville, Bertrand; Peeters, Alain; Stassart, Pierre M ULg

in Wallonie : Revue du Conseil Economique et Social de la Région Wallonne (2002)

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See detailRepeated intracoronary beta radiation for recurrent in-stent restenosis.
De Benedetti, E; Latchem, D; Roguelov, C et al

in Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions (2002), 55(2), 233-236

More than 70% of percutaneous coronary interventions are followed by a stent implantation. In-stent restenosis still occurs in 20-30% of patients and remains a therapeutic challenge. At present only ... [more ▼]

More than 70% of percutaneous coronary interventions are followed by a stent implantation. In-stent restenosis still occurs in 20-30% of patients and remains a therapeutic challenge. At present only vascular brachytherapy has been shown to be an effective treatment option. We report here one case of recurrent in-stent restenosis after vascular brachytherapy that was successfully treated by a second beta radiation treatment. Cathet Cardiovasc Intervent 2002;55:233–236. © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [less ▲]

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See detailRole of methalothionein in irradiated human rectal carcinoma.
Bouzourene, H; Chabert, P; Gebhardt, S et al

in Cancer (2002), 95(5), 1003-1008

BACKGROUND. Metallothioneins (MT) are low-molecular weight, metal-binding proteins that play a role in cellular proliferation and differentiation, as well as in cellular defense mechanisms. They act as ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND. Metallothioneins (MT) are low-molecular weight, metal-binding proteins that play a role in cellular proliferation and differentiation, as well as in cellular defense mechanisms. They act as scavengers of free radicals produced by irradiation. A number of in vitro and in vivo studies have linked overexpression of cellular MT with tumor cell resistance to radiation. This is the first study that investigates whether MT expression is involved in the radioresistance of rectal carcinoma. METHODS. Using a mouse monoclonal antibody, MT expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry on surgical samples (n 85) from 85 patients with locally advanced rectal carcinoma who were treated preoperatively with a hyperfractionated and accelerated radiotherapy schedule and on tumor biopsies (n 13) obtained before treatment. The potential correlations between MT expression and pathologic variables and survival were examined. RESULTS. MT were expressed strongly in both the cytoplasm and nucleus of tumor cells in 7 biopsy and 42 surgical samples. A comparison of MT expression in biopsy and surgical specimens showed that MT expression did not change after irradiation in most cases. Against all expectations, MT were expressed more frequently in tumors from responders than in those from the nonresponders (P 0.02). There was no correlation between MT expression and tumor stage, histology after radiotherapy, or survival. CONCLUSION. These findings do not support the hypothesis that MT overexpression at the end of radiotherapy is a marker for radiation resistance. Cancer 2002;95: 1003–8. © 2002 American Cancer Society. DOI 10.1002/cncr.10780 [less ▲]

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See detailRadiation-associated synovial-sarcoma: clinicopathological and molecular analysis of two cases.
Egger, J-F; Coindre, J-M; Benhattar, J et al

in Modern Pathology : An Official Journal of the United States & Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc (2002), 15(9), 998-1004

Development of a soft-tissue sarcoma is an infrequent but well-known long-term complication of radiotherapy. Malignant fibrous histiocytomas, extraskeletal osteosarcomas, fibrosarcomas, malignant ... [more ▼]

Development of a soft-tissue sarcoma is an infrequent but well-known long-term complication of radiotherapy. Malignant fibrous histiocytomas, extraskeletal osteosarcomas, fibrosarcomas, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors, and angiosarcomas are most frequently encountered. Radiationassociated synovial sarcomas are exceptional. We report the clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular features of two radiationassociated synovial sarcomas. One tumor developed in a 42-year-old female 17 years after external irradiation was given for breast carcinoma; the other occurred in a 34-year-old female who was irradiated at the age of 7 years for a nonneoplastic condition of the left hand. Both lesions showed morphologic features of monophasic spindle cell synovial sarcoma, were immunoreactive for cytokeratins, epithelial membrane antigen, CD99, CD117 (c-kit), and bcl-2 and bore the t(X;18) (SYT-SSX1) translocation. We conclude that synovial sarcoma has to be added to the list of radiation-associated soft-tissue sarcomas. Mod Pathol 2002;15(9):998–1004 [less ▲]

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See detailEthanol-conditioned withdrawal syndrome
Quertemont, Etienne ULg; De Witte, Philippe

in Proceedings of the 22nd European Winterconference on Brain Research (2002)

The withdrawal syndrome is closely related to the concepts of tolerance and physical dependence. The chronic consumption of a drug is believed to induce adaptive changes that are designed to oppose the ... [more ▼]

The withdrawal syndrome is closely related to the concepts of tolerance and physical dependence. The chronic consumption of a drug is believed to induce adaptive changes that are designed to oppose the acute effects of the drug. Such adaptive changes increase the tolerance to acute drug effects but lead to physical dependence, which is revealed by withdrawal symptoms when the drug is cleared from the body. However, another form of adaptive response to repeated drug consumption has been identified. This adaptive response appears after the intermittent repeated administration of a drug in association with the same set of environmental stimuli. After several associations, these environmental stimuli become able to induce a conditioned adaptive response. Such response leads to the phenomenon of “environment-dependent tolerance” that was observed with many drugs of abuse. However, if the drug is not administered, the conditioned stimuli alone may induce a “conditioned withdrawal syndrome”. Although less studied than the classical withdrawal syndrome, this conditioned withdrawal syndrome may be of importance for the development of drug dependence. In our experiments, we have studied the development of a conditioned withdrawal syndrome after repeated associations of a specific set of environmental stimuli with ethanol injections in Wistar rats. After repeated administrations of ethanol, the rats showed a clear environmental-dependent tolerance to ethanol. Furthermore, these conditioned stimuli induced behavioral (hyperexcitation) and neurochemical (increase glutamate release) responses similar to those observed after chronic alcohol withdrawal. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence de l'hérédité, du sexe et de la saison sur le type d'épisode dans le trouble bipolaire.
Mortazi, M.; Bertrand, Jean-Marie ULg; Triffaux, Jean-Marc ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(3), 171-5

The aim of this work was to investigate if sex, age, family history, season and hypothyroidism have any influence on the type of episodes (manic, depressive, mixed) seen in bipolar patients. This ... [more ▼]

The aim of this work was to investigate if sex, age, family history, season and hypothyroidism have any influence on the type of episodes (manic, depressive, mixed) seen in bipolar patients. This retrospective study concerns a sample of 208 patients with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder (type I or II), who were admitted in one of two psychiatric centers between July 1996 and June 2000. The sex-ratio was 2.8 females for 1 male. Sex, family history and hypothyroidism were not associated with any type of episode. A higher percentage of depressive episodes was observed in the patients who were older than 50 and the average age of depressive patients was higher than that of other patients. There was no seasonal pattern in this study and the season did not influence the type of episode. The results indicate no influence of sex, season, family history and hypothyroidism on the type of episode presented. On the opposite, age seems to favour depression episode. [less ▲]

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