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See detailSpectroscopic determination of the fundamental parameters of 66 B-type stars in the field-of-view of the CoRoT satellite
Lefever, Karolien; Puls, Joachim; Morel, Thierry ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2010), 515

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See detailFunctional Neuroimaging Approaches to the Changing Borders of Consciousness
Noirhomme, Quentin ULg; Soddu, Andrea ULg; Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg et al

in Journal of Psychophysiology (2010), 24(2), 68-75

The bedside diagnosis of vegetative and minimally conscious patients is extremely challenging, and prediction of individual long-term outcome remains difficult. State-of the art neuroimaging methods could ... [more ▼]

The bedside diagnosis of vegetative and minimally conscious patients is extremely challenging, and prediction of individual long-term outcome remains difficult. State-of the art neuroimaging methods could help disentangle complex cases and offer new prognostic criteria. These methods can be divided into to three categories: First, new anatomical MRI neuroimaging methods, like diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) or spectroscopy, and passive functional imaging methods (looking at the brain’s activation induced by external stimuli), could provide new diagnostic and prognostic markers. Second, neuroimaging methods based on active collaboration from the patient could help to detect clinically unnoticed signs of consciousness. Third, developments in brain-computer interfaces based on EEG, functional MRI, or EMG offer communication possibilities in brain-damaged patients who can neither verbally nor nonverbally express their thoughts or wishes. These new approaches raise important issues not only from a clinical and ethical perspective (i.e., patients’ diagnosis, prognosis and management) but also from a neuroscientific standpoint, as they enrich our current understanding of the emergence and function of the conscious human mind. [less ▲]

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See detailVisual fixation in the vegetative state: an observational case series PET study.
Bruno, Marie-Aurélie ULg; Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg; Schnakers, Caroline ULg et al

in BMC Neurology (2010), 10

BACKGROUND: Assessment of visual fixation is commonly used in the clinical examination of patients with disorders of consciousness. However, different international guidelines seem to disagree whether ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Assessment of visual fixation is commonly used in the clinical examination of patients with disorders of consciousness. However, different international guidelines seem to disagree whether fixation is compatible with the diagnosis of the vegetative state (i.e., represents "automatic" subcortical processing) or is a sufficient sign of consciousness and higher order cortical processing. METHODS: We here studied cerebral metabolism in ten patients with chronic post-anoxic encephalopathy and 39 age-matched healthy controls. Five patients were in a vegetative state (without fixation) and five presented visual fixation but otherwise showed all criteria typical of the vegetative state. Patients were matched for age, etiology and time since insult and were followed by repeated Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R) assessments for at least 1 year. Sustained visual fixation was considered as present when the eyes refixated a moving target for more than 2 seconds as defined by CRS-R criteria. RESULTS: Patients without fixation showed metabolic dysfunction in a widespread fronto-parietal cortical network (with only sparing of the brainstem and cerebellum) which was not different from the brain function seen in patients with visual fixation. Cortico-cortical functional connectivity with visual cortex showed no difference between both patient groups. Recovery rates did not differ between patients without or with fixation (none of the patients showed good outcome). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that sustained visual fixation in (non-traumatic) disorders of consciousness does not necessarily reflect consciousness and higher order cortical brain function. [less ▲]

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See detailOscillation mode lifetimes of red giants observed during the initial and first anticentre long run of CoRoT
Hekker, Saskia; Barban, Caroline; Baudin, Frederic et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2010), 520

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See detailRed-giant seismic properties analyzed with CoRoT
Mosser, Benoit; Belkacem, Kevin ULg; Goupil, Marie Jo et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2010), 517

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See detailNeuroimaging after coma.
Tshibanda, Luaba ULg; Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg; Boly, Mélanie ULg et al

in Neuroradiology (2010), 52(1), 15-24

Following coma, some patients will recover wakefulness without signs of consciousness (only showing reflex movements, i.e., the vegetative state) or may show non-reflex movements but remain without ... [more ▼]

Following coma, some patients will recover wakefulness without signs of consciousness (only showing reflex movements, i.e., the vegetative state) or may show non-reflex movements but remain without functional communication (i.e., the minimally conscious state). Currently, there remains a high rate of misdiagnosis of the vegetative state (Schnakers et. al. BMC Neurol, 9:35, 8) and the clinical and electrophysiological markers of outcome from the vegetative and minimally conscious states remain unsatisfactory. This should incite clinicians to use multimodal assessment to detect objective signs of consciousness and validate para-clinical prognostic markers in these challenging patients. This review will focus on advanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques such as magnetic resonance spectroscopy, diffusion tensor imaging, and functional MRI (fMRI studies in both "activation" and "resting state" conditions) that were recently introduced in the assessment of patients with chronic disorders of consciousness. [less ▲]

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See detailUnique parameter identification for cardiac diagnosis in critical care using minimal data sets.
Hann, C. E.; Chase, J. G.; Desaive, Thomas ULg et al

in Computer Methods & Programs in Biomedicine (2010)

Lumped parameter approaches for modelling the cardiovascular system typically have many parameters of which a significant percentage are often not identifiable from limited data sets. Hence, significant ... [more ▼]

Lumped parameter approaches for modelling the cardiovascular system typically have many parameters of which a significant percentage are often not identifiable from limited data sets. Hence, significant parts of the model are required to be simulated with little overall effect on the accuracy of data fitting, as well as dramatically increasing the complexity of parameter identification. This separates sub-structures of more complex cardiovascular system models to create uniquely identifiable simplified models that are one to one with the measurements. In addition, a new concept of parameter identification is presented where the changes in the parameters are treated as an actuation force into a feed back control system, and the reference output is taken to be steady state values of measured volume and pressure. The major advantage of the method is that when it converges, it must be at the global minimum so that the solution that best fits the data is always found. By utilizing continuous information from the arterial/pulmonary pressure waveforms and the end-diastolic time, it is shown that potentially, the ventricle volume is not required in the data set, which was a requirement in earlier published work. The simplified models can also act as a bridge to identifying more sophisticated cardiac models, by providing an initial set of patient specific parameters that can reveal trends and interactions in the data over time. The goal is to apply the simplified models to retrospective data on groups of patients to help characterize population trends or un-modelled dynamics within known bounds. These trends can assist in improved prediction of patient responses to cardiac disturbance and therapy intervention with potentially smaller and less invasive data sets. In this way a more complex model that takes into account individual patient variation can be developed, and applied to the improvement of cardiovascular management in critical care. [less ▲]

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See detailQuelques mots de synthèse
Georges, Frédéric ULg

in Georges, Frédéric (Ed.) Le droit de l'exécution, en principe(s) et en particulier (2010)

Il s'agit d'un résumé des différentes contributions publiées dans l'ouvrage et de considérations critiques sur l'état du droit de l'exécution forcée en Belgique

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See detailLe droit de l'exécution, en principe(s) et en particulier
Georges, Frédéric ULg

Book published by La Charte (2010)

Situé au carrefour du droit processuel et du droit substantiel, le droit de l’exécution forcée n’est plus cette discipline ancillaire de la théorie du procès ; si l’efficacité de la procédure et la ... [more ▼]

Situé au carrefour du droit processuel et du droit substantiel, le droit de l’exécution forcée n’est plus cette discipline ancillaire de la théorie du procès ; si l’efficacité de la procédure et la nécessité de la traduction concrète de son résultat, la décision de justice, dans la réalité des faits, ont de tout temps été mises en avant, l’influence de la jurisprudence de la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme et les avancées du droit judiciaire européen l’ont durablement placé devant les feux de la rampe. L’ambition du colloque à l'origine de cet ouvrage a été de procéder à un examen panoramique de la matière. Après l’examen de l’exécution forcée de façon générale, il s’est agi d’étudier successivement ses aspects particuliers dans le contentieux familial, dans le cadre des sanctions patrimoniales que consacre le droit pénal et, enfin, en droit fiscal. [less ▲]

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See detailDéveloppements récents relatifs aux voies de recours ordinaires
Georges, Frédéric ULg

in Georges, Frédéric; Boularbah, Hakim (Eds.) Actualités en droit judiciaire (2010)

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See detailGenetic and historic evidence for climate-driven population fragmentation in a top cetacean predator: the harbour porpoises in European water.
Fontaine, Michaël C. ULg; Tolley, Krystal A.; Michaux, Johan ULg et al

in Proceedings of the Royal Society B : Biological Sciences (2010), 277(1695), 2829-37

Recent climate change has triggered profound reorganization in northeast Atlantic ecosystems, with substantial impact on the distribution of marine assemblages from plankton to fishes. However, assessing ... [more ▼]

Recent climate change has triggered profound reorganization in northeast Atlantic ecosystems, with substantial impact on the distribution of marine assemblages from plankton to fishes. However, assessing the repercussions on apex marine predators remains a challenging issue, especially for pelagic species. In this study, we use Bayesian coalescent modelling of microsatellite variation to track the population demographic history of one of the smallest temperate cetaceans, the harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) in European waters. Combining genetic inferences with palaeo-oceanographic and historical records provides strong evidence that populations of harbour porpoises have responded markedly to the recent climate-driven reorganization in the eastern North Atlantic food web. This response includes the isolation of porpoises in Iberian waters from those further north only approximately 300 years ago with a predominant northward migration, contemporaneous with the warming trend underway since the 'Little Ice Age' period and with the ongoing retreat of cold-water fishes from the Bay of Biscay. The extinction or exodus of harbour porpoises from the Mediterranean Sea (leaving an isolated relict population in the Black Sea) has lacked a coherent explanation. The present results suggest that the fragmentation of harbour distribution range in the Mediterranean Sea was triggered during the warm 'Mid-Holocene Optimum' period (approx. 5000 years ago), by the end of the post-glacial nutrient-rich 'Sapropel' conditions that prevailed before that time. [less ▲]

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See detailImportance de la mauvaise adhésion au traitement antihypertenseur
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; Krzesinski, François ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(5-6), 278-284

S’il est unanimement admis que le traitement de l’hypertension artérielle améliore le pronostic cardiovasculaire des patients qui en sont atteints, force est de constater que la moitié des patients ... [more ▼]

S’il est unanimement admis que le traitement de l’hypertension artérielle améliore le pronostic cardiovasculaire des patients qui en sont atteints, force est de constater que la moitié des patients traités n’ont pas leur pression artérielle normalisée. Un des facteurs responsables de ce relatif échec est la mauvaise adhésion au traitement (non médicamenteux et pharmacologique). Ce problème d’observance est multifactoriel. Interviennent le patient, sa maladie, son traitement et l’environnement thérapeutique où la relation médecin-malade joue un grand rôle. Pour améliorer l’observance, comme d’ailleurs la persistance du traitement, il faut d’abord y penser. Le dialogue avec le patient sur l’observance doit être mené à chaque consultation. Une excellente relation médecin-patient, une éducation sur l’hypertension, ses risques et les moyens d’éviter les complications, le choix de schémas de traitement bien tolérés, simplifiés et introduits progressivement, la recherche et la limitation des effets secondaires générés, le partenariat de la famille et du pharmacien dans la prise en charge, la stimulation de l’automesure de la pression artérielle par le patient sont autant de pistes importantes pour améliorer ce paramètre. Ceci permettrait, à coup sûr, de réduire les complications cardiovasculaires liées à l’hypertension et le coût pour la société. [less ▲]

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See detailEcosystem services in mixed forests and monocultures: comparing stakeholders’ perceptions and scientific knowledge
Carnol, Monique ULg; Branquart, Etienne; Muys, Bart et al

in Book of Abstacts, IUFRO 7.01 Conference: Adaptation of Forest Ecosystems to Air Pollution and Climate Change, Antalya 2010 (2010)

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See detailL'observance thérapeutique en transplantation d'organe - L'exemple de la greffe de rein
Milicevic, Martina ULg; Grosch, Stéphanie ULg; Weekers, Laurent ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(5-6), 386-390

A successful transplantation implies that immunosuppressive drugs will have to be taken during the whole patient’s life. Poor drug compliance is a multifactorial problem, that is particularly dangerous in ... [more ▼]

A successful transplantation implies that immunosuppressive drugs will have to be taken during the whole patient’s life. Poor drug compliance is a multifactorial problem, that is particularly dangerous in organ transplantation as it can lead to loss of graft function and return to dialysis treatment. The medical doctor must stimulate the patient’s adherence to the strict therapeutic drug protocol. The patient must also be reminded at each medical consultation of the importance of such rigorous drug intake. This bad (or non) compliance is particularly well demonstrated a long time after transplantation. The medical staff, all the health participants, but also the family members must continuously fight against non compliance, which is inherent to any chronic disease. [less ▲]

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See detailPalatoschisis in the dog: developmental mechanisms and etiology
Van Den Berghe, Femke ULg; Cornillie, Pieter; Stegen, Ludo et al

in Vlaams Diergeneeskunde Tijdschift = Flemish Veterinary Journal (2010)

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See detailDoes plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 drive lymphangiogenesis?
Bruyere, Francoise; Melen-Lamalle, Laurence; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

in PLoS ONE (2010), 5(3), 9653

The purpose of this study is to explore the function of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) during pathological lymphangiogenesis. PAI-1, the main physiological inhibitor of plasminogen activators ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study is to explore the function of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) during pathological lymphangiogenesis. PAI-1, the main physiological inhibitor of plasminogen activators is involved in pathological angiogenesis at least by controlling extracellular proteolysis and by regulating endothelial cell survival and migration. Protease system's role in lymphangiogenesis is unknown yet. Thus, based on its important pro-angiogenic effect, we hypothesized that PAI-1 may regulate lymphangiogenesis associated at least with metastatic dissemination of cancer cells. To address this issue, we studied the impact of PAI-1 deficiency in various murine models of tumoral lymphangiogenesis. Wild-type PAI-1 proficient mice were used as controls. We provide for the first time evidence that PAI-1 is dispensable for tumoral lymphangiogenesis associated with breast cancers either induced by mammary carcinoma cell injection or spontaneously appearing in transgenic mice expressing the polyomavirus middle T antigen (PymT) under the control of a mouse mammary tumor virus long-terminal repeat promoter (MMTV-LTR). We also investigated inflammation-related lymphatic vessel recruitment by using two inflammatory models. PAI-1 deficiency did neither affect the development of lymphangioma nor burn-induced corneal lymphangiogenesis. These novel data suggest that vascular remodelling associated with lymphangiogenesis and angiogenesis involve different molecular determinants. PAI-1 does not appear as a potential therapeutic target to counteract pathological lymphangiogenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailB cell-specific lentiviral gene therapy leads to sustained B-cell functional recovery in a murine model of X-linked agammaglobulinemia
Kerns, H. M.; Ryu, B. Y.; Stirling, B. V. et al

in Blood (2010), 115(11), 2146-55

The immunodeficiency disorder, X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA), results from mutations in the gene encoding Bruton tyrosine kinase (Btk). Btk is required for pre-B cell clonal expansion and B-cell ... [more ▼]

The immunodeficiency disorder, X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA), results from mutations in the gene encoding Bruton tyrosine kinase (Btk). Btk is required for pre-B cell clonal expansion and B-cell antigen receptor signaling. XLA patients lack mature B cells and immunoglobulin and experience recurrent bacterial infections only partially mitigated by life-long antibody replacement therapy. In pursuit of definitive therapy for XLA, we tested ex vivo gene therapy using a lentiviral vector (LV) containing the immunoglobulin enhancer (Eµ) and IgB (B29) minimal promoter to drive B lineage-specific human Btk expression in Btk/Teck-/- mice, a strain that reproduces the features of human XLA. After transplantation of EµB29-Btk-LV-transduced stem cells, treated mice showed significant, albeit incomplete, rescue of mature B cells in the bone marrow, peripheral blood, spleen, and peritoneal cavity, and improved responses to T-independent and T-dependent antigens. LV-teated B cells exhibited enhanced B-cell antigen receptor signaling and an in vivo selective advantage in the peripheral versus central B-cell compartment. Secondary transplantation showed sustained Btk expression, viral integration, and partial functional responses, consistent with long-term stem cell marking; and serial transplantation revealed no evidence for cellular or systemic toxicity. These findings strongly support pursuit of B lineage-targeted LV gene therapy in human XLA. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessing structure potential in soil and water conservation: monitoring top soil hydrology from micro to field scale.
Kummert, Nora ULg; Beckers, Eléonore ULg; Roisin, Christian et al

in Wollesen de Jonge, Lis; Moldrup, Per; Lindblad Vendelboe, Anders (Eds.) 1st international conference and exploratory workshop on soil architecture and physico-chemical functions "CESAR" (2010)

Soil structure is a key parameter influencing erosion and water transfers. This paper describes an experiment that covers different aspects of soil structure. Three tillage systems are tested: reduced ... [more ▼]

Soil structure is a key parameter influencing erosion and water transfers. This paper describes an experiment that covers different aspects of soil structure. Three tillage systems are tested: reduced tillage, and two ploughing systems. At micro-scale, analyses are tomography which study images to determine porosity characteristics (connectivity, size, number…) and pF curves where total available water and effective porosity are deducted. At field scale, soil losses and runoff are collected and measured after rainfall simulation on plots for the different tillage systems. The comparison of the results for both scales shows the links between phenomenons at those scales. [less ▲]

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See detailL’image du mois. Localisation rénale d’un lymphome
Dispas, Hélène; Delperdange, Mélanie; Meunier, Paul ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(7-8), 427-429

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See detailLa néphropathie tubulo-interstitielle aiguë: une cause rare d’insuffisance rénale aiguë
Bouquegneau, A.; Longton, J.; Bovy, Christophe ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(7-8), 459-463

We report the case of an acute renal failure due to an acute interstitial nephropathy (ATIN) induced by non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID). Even though this pathology is a rare cause of acute ... [more ▼]

We report the case of an acute renal failure due to an acute interstitial nephropathy (ATIN) induced by non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID). Even though this pathology is a rare cause of acute renal failure, it still requires special attention in view of the fact that it induces a high risk of acute morbidity but it also can evolve into chronic renal failure. Its differential diagnosis with other causes of acute renal failure becomes essential because of the different therapeutic care. In this article, we are going to briefly sum up the reasoning to adopt in order to diagnose an acute renal failure. [less ▲]

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