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See detailQuelques réflexions sur la lex societatis dans le Code de droit international privé
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in Revue Pratique des Sociétés Civiles et Commerciales (2006)

L'article fait le point sur le nouveau régime des sociétés en droit international tel qu'introduit par le Code de droit international privé belge. Après un examen des questions classiques liées à la ... [more ▼]

L'article fait le point sur le nouveau régime des sociétés en droit international tel qu'introduit par le Code de droit international privé belge. Après un examen des questions classiques liées à la détermination du droit applicable aux personnes morales, dont notamment la question de la nationalité des personnes morales ainsi que celle de la reconnaissance, l'article s'attarde sur la nouvelle règle de rattachement retenu par le législateur belge, pour examiner si elle répond aux nombreuses critiques formulées par les partisans de la doctrine de l'incorporation. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Photoabsorption and Photoionization of Bromine revisited.
Locht, Robert ULg; Leyh, Bernard ULg; Jochims, H.-W. et al

Book published by Berliner Elektronen Speicherring für Synchrotron Strahlund m.b.H - on CD-ROM (2006)

The V-UV photoabsorption spectrum (PAS) and the photoionization (PIE) efficiency of Br2, Br2+ and Br+ have been measured using synchrotron radiation. At high photon energy a strong correlation between the ... [more ▼]

The V-UV photoabsorption spectrum (PAS) and the photoionization (PIE) efficiency of Br2, Br2+ and Br+ have been measured using synchrotron radiation. At high photon energy a strong correlation between the PAS of Br2 and the PIE of Br2+ is observed. A detailed analysis of the PIE of Br2+ in the threshold region is presented. New data related to the Br+/Br- ion-pair formation are reported. [less ▲]

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See detailThe VUV Photoabsorption Spectroscopy and Photoionization of Halogenated Etylenes: Bromo-derivatives.
Locht, Robert ULg; Leyh, Bernard ULg; Jochims, H.-W. et al

Book published by Berliner Elektronen Speicherring für Synchrotron Strahlung m.b.H - on CD-ROM (2006)

In this contribution the measurement, by the use of synchrotron radiation, of the V-UV photoabsorption spectrum (PAS) of 1,1-C2H2Br2 and the photoionization efficiency curve (PIC) of 1,1-C2H2Br2+ are ... [more ▼]

In this contribution the measurement, by the use of synchrotron radiation, of the V-UV photoabsorption spectrum (PAS) of 1,1-C2H2Br2 and the photoionization efficiency curve (PIC) of 1,1-C2H2Br2+ are reported. Strong correlations between the PAS and the PIC are shown. The PAS of 1,1-C2F2Br2 is also presented and compared to the PAS of 1,1-C2H2Br2 to show the influence of the fluuorine-substitution. [less ▲]

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See detailAux confins de la norme : quelques réflexions sur le statut du droit étranger en droit international privé belge
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in Pâques, Michel (Ed.) Liber Liber amicorum Paul Martens. L'humanisme dans la résolution des conflits. Utopie ou réalité? (2006)

In this article, an attempt is made to describe the status of foreign law in Belgian private international law. The focus is in particular on the difference in the relationship between the court and the ... [more ▼]

In this article, an attempt is made to describe the status of foreign law in Belgian private international law. The focus is in particular on the difference in the relationship between the court and the legal rule which is applied to solve the dispute, depending on whether the rule is a local rule or a foreign rule. [less ▲]

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See detailSymlinks as boundary objects
Lejeune, Christophe ULg

in TeamEthno-Online (2006), 2

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See detailConflits et territorialisation
Mormont, Marc ULg

in Géographie Economie Sociétés (2006), 8(3), 399-418

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See detailQuality assessment of speckle patterns for digital image correlation
Lecompte, D.; Smits, A.; Bossuyt, Sven et al

in Optics & Lasers in Engineering (2006), 44(11), 1132-1145

Digital image correlation (DIC) is an optical–numerical full-field displacement measuring technique, which is nowadays widely used in the domain of experimental mechanics. The technique is based on a ... [more ▼]

Digital image correlation (DIC) is an optical–numerical full-field displacement measuring technique, which is nowadays widely used in the domain of experimental mechanics. The technique is based on a comparison between pictures taken during loading of an object. For an optimal use of the method, the object of interest has to be covered with painted speckles. In the present paper, a comparison is made between three different speckle patterns originated by the same reference speckle pattern. A method is presented for the determination of the speckle size distribution of the speckle patterns, using image morphology. The images of the speckle patterns are numerically deformed based on a finite element simulation. Subsequently, the displacements are measured with DIC-software and compared to the imposed ones. It is shown that the size of the speckles combined with the size of the used pixel subset clearly influences the accuracy of the measured displacements. [less ▲]

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See detail« Quel est ce monstre à la face hirsute ? » : à la poursuite du sanglier de l’imaginaire identitaire ardennais
Donneau, Olivier ULg

in Bestiaire d’Ardenne : les animaux dans l’imaginaire des Gallo-Romains à nos jours (2006)

Short history of the symbolical animals of the Ardenne (Belgium). With special attention to the Wild Boar, recently chosen as the symbolic figure of the region.

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See detailLe premier cerf de Saint-Hubert
Donneau, Olivier ULg

in Bestiaire d’Ardenne : les animaux dans l’imaginaire des Gallo-Romains à nos jours (2006)

Concerning an Eight-Century manuscript from the library of the abbey of Saint-Hubert (Belgium) prohibiting the winter pagan rituals.

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See detailTowards a standard protocol for community-driven organizations of knowledge
Zhou, Chao; Lejeune, Christophe ULg; Bénel, Aurélien

in Ghodous, Parisa; Dieng, Rose; Loureiro, Geilson (Eds.) Leading the Web in Concurrent Engineering (2006)

This paper deals with the “Web 2.0”, where every user can contribute to the content, “harnessing collective intelligence”. After studying what makes the success of services like Google Base, Del.icio.us ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with the “Web 2.0”, where every user can contribute to the content, “harnessing collective intelligence”. After studying what makes the success of services like Google Base, Del.icio.us and the Open Directory Project, we propose a unifying “REST” protocol for this kind of community-driven organizations of knowledge. The aim is to make the collaboration possible beyond the boundaries of the software and of the resulting communities. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse structurale et syntagmatique des institutions politiques
Verjans, Pierre ULg

in Cahiers de Sciences Politiques de l'ULg (2006)

L'analyse d'un système politique peut s'effectuer à l'aide d'une grille d'analyse structurale croisant les idées, les communications d'un côté et les intérêts, les actions de l'autre, ces matrices donnant ... [more ▼]

L'analyse d'un système politique peut s'effectuer à l'aide d'une grille d'analyse structurale croisant les idées, les communications d'un côté et les intérêts, les actions de l'autre, ces matrices donnant forme à des institutions politiques. Dès lors, la question politique fondamentale devient celle de la succession plutôt que celle de l'opposition, autrement dit celle des glissements syntagmatiques plutôt que celle des affrontements paradigmatiques. [less ▲]

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See detailEvent-related brain potentials in psychopathology: Clinical and cognitive perspectives
Hansenne, Michel ULg

in Psychologica Belgica (2006), 46(1-2), 5-36

Since the discovery of the P300 component, a large number of studies have been conducted with the aim to find abnormalities of this psychophysiological marker among the main psychiatric disorders. The ... [more ▼]

Since the discovery of the P300 component, a large number of studies have been conducted with the aim to find abnormalities of this psychophysiological marker among the main psychiatric disorders. The first studies were very promising, but successive findings were rather controversial resulting in two main positions (the pros and the cons) as regard to the usefulness of P300 in clinical psychopathology. However, P300 studies provide interesting findings concerning information processing in psychopathology. Moreover, other Event-Related Potentials (ERPs), such as the Mismatch Negativity (MMN) and the Error-Related Negativity (ERN) are particularly interesting for the study of cognitive processes in psychopathology. In this review, the author will give an overview of the main findings of P300, MMN and ERN values in psychopathology from a clinical and a cognitive point of view. After a brief description of the rationale of ERPs, the findings in schizophrenia, depression, alcoholism, posttraumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder will be sequentially reviewed. The diagnostic usefulness of P300 in psychopathology is limited, but could be increased if variables known to influence P300 amplitude or latency are controlled. Doubtless, grouping two or more different ERP components would greatly improve the usefulness of the clinical applications of brain potentials. On the other hand, a growing number of studies have provided evidence of the relevance of ERPs to investigate cognitive processes in psychopathology. [less ▲]

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See detailPersonality traits modulate skin conductance response to emotional pictures: An investigation with Cloninger's model of personality
Mardaga, S.; Laloyaux, Olivier ULg; Hansenne, Michel ULg

in Personality & Individual Differences (2006), 40(8), 1603-1614

Several studies found strong relationships between main personality dimensions and emotions, and more particularly between neuroticism and negative emotions, as well as between extraversion and positive ... [more ▼]

Several studies found strong relationships between main personality dimensions and emotions, and more particularly between neuroticism and negative emotions, as well as between extraversion and positive ones. In these studies, personality was mainly assessed with respect to the big five model, and emotions were evaluated with subjective rating scales. To extend the exploration of the associations between personality and emotion, the aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between Cloninger's dimensions of personality and emotional reactivity assessed by skin conductance response (SCR). In 55 normal subjects, SCR was recorded while they were presented pictures selected as positive, negative and neutral from the International Affective Picture System. The results showed no influence of personality on response magnitude, but subjects with higher harm avoidance scores showed longer half-recovery times for negative relative to neutral pictures. This result is consistent with the dispositional bias of harm avoidance to respond intensely to signals of aversive stimuli. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLeaf carbohydrate controls over Arabidopsis growth and response to elevated CO2: an experimentally based model
Rasse, Daniel; Tocquin, Pierre ULg

in New Phytologist (2006), 172(3), 500-513

Transient starch production is thought to strongly control plant growth and response to elevated CO2. We tested this hypothesis with an experimentally based mechanistic model in Arabidopsis thaliana ... [more ▼]

Transient starch production is thought to strongly control plant growth and response to elevated CO2. We tested this hypothesis with an experimentally based mechanistic model in Arabidopsis thaliana. Experiments were conducted on wild-type (WT) A. thaliana, starch-excess (sex1) and starchless (pgm) mutants under ambient and elevated CO2 conditions to determine parameters and validate the model. The model correctly predicted that mutant growth is approx. 20% of that in WT, and the absolute response of both mutants to elevated CO2 is an order of magnitude lower than in WT. For sex1, direct starch unavailability explained the growth responses. For pgm, we demonstrated experimentally that maintenance respiration is proportional to leaf soluble sugar concentration, which gave the necessary feedback mechanism on modelled growth. Our study suggests that the effects of sugar-starch cycling on growth can be explained by simple allocation processes, and the maximum rate of leaf growth (sink capacity) exerts a strong control over the response to elevated CO2 of herbaceous plants such as A. thaliana. [less ▲]

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See detailAcclimation of Arabidopsis thaliana to long-term CO2 enrichment and nitrogen supply is basically a matter of growth rate adjustment
Tocquin, Pierre ULg; Ormenese, Sandra ULg; Pieltain, Alexandra ULg et al

in Physiologia Plantarum (2006), 128(4), 677-688

The long-term response of Arabidopsis thaliana to increasing CO2 was evaluated in plants grown in 800 mu l 1(-1) CO2 from sowing and maintained, in hydroponics, on three nitrogen supplies: "low," "medium ... [more ▼]

The long-term response of Arabidopsis thaliana to increasing CO2 was evaluated in plants grown in 800 mu l 1(-1) CO2 from sowing and maintained, in hydroponics, on three nitrogen supplies: "low," "medium" and "high." The global response to high CO2 and N-supply was evaluated by measuring growth parameters in parallel with photosynthetic activity, leaf carbohydrates, ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) messenger RNA and protein, stomatal conductance (g(s)) and density. CO2 enrichment was found to stimulate biomass production, whatever the N-supply. This stimulation was transient on low N-supply and persisted throughout the whole vegetative growth only in high N-supply. Acclimation on low N-high CO2 was not associated with carbohydrate accumulation or with a strong reduction in Rubisco amount or activity. At high N-supply, growth stimulation by high CO2 was mainly because of the acceleration of leaf production and expansion while other parameters such as specific leaf area, root/shoot ratio and g, appeared to be correlated with total leaf area. Our results thus suggest that, in strictly controlled and stable growing conditions, acclimation of A. thaliana to longterm CO2 enrichment is mostly controlled by growth rate adjustment. [less ▲]

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See detailTime series of the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (2001 2004) and preliminary inorganic carbon budget in the Scheldt plume (Belgian coast waters)
Schiettecatte, Laure-Sophie; Gazeau, Frédéric; Van der Zee, Claar et al

in Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (G3) (2006), 7(Q06009),

A 4-year time series (2001–2004) of the partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) and air-sea CO2 fluxes is reported in the Scheldt estuarine plume. This system is oversaturated in CO2 with respect to the atmosphere ... [more ▼]

A 4-year time series (2001–2004) of the partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) and air-sea CO2 fluxes is reported in the Scheldt estuarine plume. This system is oversaturated in CO2 with respect to the atmosphere, except during the spring phytoplanktonic bloom, and acts as a net source of CO2 to the atmosphere of 0.7 mol C m 2 yr 1 that represents 7 to 27% of the inner Scheldt estuary CO2 emission. Results also highlight that a high spatial and temporal coverage of the surface pCO2 in coastal ecosystems is crucial for reliable estimations of air-sea CO2 fluxes. The seasonal variations of pCO2 seem to be more dominated by biological activities (photosynthesis/respiration) than by temperature change. A stochiometrically linked C/P mass balance budget failed to provide net ecosystem production estimates consistent with the pCO2 dynamics in this area. It is hypothesized that this discrepancy is related to physiological characteristics of the dominant phytoplanktonic species (Phaeocystis sp.) within the studied area. On the basis of a preliminary dissolved inorganic carbon input/output budget, the annual emission of CO2 toward the atmosphere seems to be largely due to the outgassing of the inputs of CO2 from the inner Scheldt estuary, rather than due to organic carbon degradation. [less ▲]

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See detailCytosolic proteins regulate alpha-synuclein dissociation from presynaptic membranes.
Wislet-Gendebien, Sabine ULg; D'Souza, Cheryl; Kawarai, Toshitaka et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2006), 281(43), 32148-55

Intracellular accumulation of insoluble alpha-synuclein in Lewy bodies is a key neuropathological trait of Parkinson disease (PD). Neither the normal function of alpha-synuclein nor the biochemical ... [more ▼]

Intracellular accumulation of insoluble alpha-synuclein in Lewy bodies is a key neuropathological trait of Parkinson disease (PD). Neither the normal function of alpha-synuclein nor the biochemical mechanisms that cause its deposition are understood, although both are likely influenced by the interaction of alpha-synuclein with vesicular membranes, either for a physiological role in vesicular trafficking or as a pathological seeding mechanism that exacerbates the propensity of alpha-synuclein to self-assemble into fibrils. In addition to the alpha-helical form that is peripherally-attached to vesicles, a substantial portion of alpha-synuclein is freely diffusible in the cytoplasm. The mechanisms controlling alpha-synuclein exchange between these compartments are unknown and the possibility that chronic dysregulation of membrane-bound and soluble alpha-synuclein pools may contribute to Lewy body pathology led us to search for cellular factors that can regulate alpha-synuclein membrane interactions. Here we reveal that dissociation of membrane-bound alpha-synuclein is dependent on brain-specific cytosolic proteins and insensitive to calcium or metabolic energy. Two PD-linked mutations (A30P and A53T) significantly increase the cytosol-dependent alpha-synuclein off-rate but have no effect on cytosol-independent dissociation. These results reveal a novel mechanism by which cytosolic brain proteins modulate alpha-synuclein interactions with intracellular membranes. Importantly, our finding that alpha-synuclein dissociation is up-regulated by both familial PD mutations implicates cytosolic cofactors in disease pathogenesis and as molecular targets to influence alpha-synuclein aggregation. [less ▲]

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See detailUtilisation de la microchimie de l'otolithe pour discriminer les populations de chabots au sein du bassin de la Meuse walonne
Sonny, Damien; Bologne, Guy; Duchesne, Jean-Clair ULg et al

in Cahiers d'Ethologie (2006), 22(2), 39-50

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See detailAnastomose de Martin-Gruber
Wang, François-Charles ULg

in Correspondances en Nerf & Muscle (2006), 1(3/4), 23

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See detailAlimenter le lien entre consommateurs, éleveurs et animaux.
Lamine Claire; Stassart, Pierre M ULg; Bartiaux, Nicole et al

Report (2006)

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