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See detailMultivessel coronary revascularization in patients with and without diabetes mellitus: 3-year follow-up of the ARTS-II (Arterial Revascularization Therapies Study-Part II) trial.
Daemen, Joost; Kuck, Karl Heinz; Macaya, Carlos et al

in Journal of the American College of Cardiology (2008), 52(24), 1957-67

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the 3-year outcome of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) in ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the 3-year outcome of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) in patients who had multivessel coronary artery disease with and without diabetes mellitus. BACKGROUND: The optimal method of revascularization in diabetic patients remains in dispute. METHODS: The ARTS-II (Arterial Revascularization Therapies Study-Part II) trial is a single-arm study (n = 607) that included 159 diabetic patients treated with SES whose 3-year clinical outcome was compared with that of the historical diabetic and nondiabetic arms of the randomized ARTS-I trial (n = 1,205, including 96 diabetic patients in the CABG arm and 112 in the PCI arm). RESULTS: At 3 years, among nondiabetic patients, the incidence of the primary composite of death, CVA, myocardial infarction (MI), and repeat revascularization (major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events [MACCE]), was significantly lower in ARTS-II than in ARTS-I PCI (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 0.41; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.26 to 0.64) and similar to ARTS-I CABG. The ARTS-II patients were at significantly lower risk for death, CVA, and MI as compared with both the ARTS-I PCI (adjusted OR: 0.55; 95% CI: 0.34 to 0.91) and ARTS-I CABG patients (adjusted OR: 0.56; 95% CI: 0.35 to 0.92). Among diabetic patients, the incidence of MACCE in ARTS-II was similar to that of both PCI and CABG in ARTS-I. Conversely, the incidence of death, CVA, and MI was significantly lower in ARTS-II than in ARTS-I PCI (adjusted OR: 0.67; 95% CI: 0.27 to 1.65) and was similar to that of ARTS-I CABG. CONCLUSIONS: At 3 years, PCI using SES for patients with multivessel coronary artery disease seems to be safer and more efficacious than PCI using bare-metal stents, irrespective of the diabetic status of the patient. Hence, PCI using SES appears to be a valuable alternative to CABG for both diabetic and nondiabetic patients. [less ▲]

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See detailLe commerce équitable : leçons d’expériences
Duquesne, Brigitte ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2008)

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See detailEt si entreprendre était une science ?
Choffray, Jean-Marie ULg

in Bouchikhi, Hamid (Ed.) L’art d’entreprendre, des idées pour agir (2008)

Ne pas échouer, c’est déjà un peu réussir… Peut-être même beaucoup !... L’objet de ce chapitre est de revoir les principales difficultés auxquelles un créateur d’entreprise est confronté au cours de la ... [more ▼]

Ne pas échouer, c’est déjà un peu réussir… Peut-être même beaucoup !... L’objet de ce chapitre est de revoir les principales difficultés auxquelles un créateur d’entreprise est confronté au cours de la période qui précède le lancement de son projet, ainsi que pendant les premières années de son développement. Ces pièges - et autres sources de risque - constituent autant d’invitations à l’erreur et donc d’étapes vers le succès s’ils sont évités. Si l’observation de ces conditions ne suffit pas à définir une « science d’entreprendre », elle illustre parfaitement que la création d’une entreprise n’est déjà plus un « art » !... [less ▲]

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See detailImportance des aides aux vaches allaitantes dans le revenu agricole en Région wallonne
Delille, Nicolas ULg; Bouquiaux, J. M.; Closset, M. F. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailLandscape Dynamics And Habitat Selection By The Alien Invasive Fallopia (Polygonaceae) In Belgium
Tiebre, Marie-Solange; Saad, Layla ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg

in Biodiversity & Conservation (2008), 17(10), 2357-2370

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See detailContribution Of Delayed Autonomous Selfing To Reproductive Success In Kosteletzkya Virginica
Ruan, Cj.; Zhou, Lj.; Zeng, Fy. et al

in Belgian Journal of Botany (2008), 141(1), 3-13

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See detailRentabilité des cultures céréalières en Région wallonne durant la période 2004-2006 et perspectives
Delille, Nicolas ULg; Gheysen, Marjorie; Vanorlé, L. et al

(2008)

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See detailLe projet DACEFI : contexte, philosophie et résultats attendus
Federspiel, M.; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Carr, B. et al

in Vermeulen, Cédric; Doucet, Jean-Louis (Eds.) Les premières forêts communautaires du Gabon : Récits d'une expérience pilote (2008)

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See detailGermination of Sorghum Under the Influences of Water Restriction and Temperature
Lobato, AKS; Oliveira Neto, CF; Costa, RCL et al

in Agricultural Journal (2008), 3(3), 220-224

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See detailEvaluation de l'impact économique du cotonnier sans gossypol en Côte d'Ivoire.
Zagbai, H. S.; Berti, Fabio ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Tropicultura (2008), 26(1), 28-31

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See detailLa neurogenese adulte ou l'histoire d'un dogme qui s'ecroule.
Pirotte, Dorothée ULg; Rogister, Bernard ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2008), 63(5-6), 245-50

The history of sciences is characterized by major discoveries, but also by challenges of theories or dogma previously established and accepted by everybody. One of the recent examples illustrating such a ... [more ▼]

The history of sciences is characterized by major discoveries, but also by challenges of theories or dogma previously established and accepted by everybody. One of the recent examples illustrating such a questioning relates to the demonstration of the persistence of a cerebral neurogenesis in the adult brain, including in human. This adult neurogenesis is however limited, both in space (it concerns only the subventricular zone and the gyrus dentatus in the hippocampus) and the type of newly-formed neurons (interneurones which most of them are GABAergic and present respectively in the olfactive bulb and CA1 area of the hippocampus). Moreover, this neurogenesis does not seem to be recruited after a brain lesion, a situation which explains why functional recovery when it is observed remains a consequence of brain plasticity. We thus legitimately address the question about the physiological role of this adult brain neurogenesis as well as a possible implication in the aetiology of various neurological disorders, like the neurodegenerative diseases or epilepsy, but also in psychiatric diseases like depression. [less ▲]

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See detailLes matières colorantes au début du Paléolithique supérieur
Salomon, Hélène ULg; Vignaud, Colette; Coquinot, Yvan et al

in Techné (2008)

A lot of settlements, some of which were occupied as long as 300 000 years ago, yielded small quantities of colouring matter. These quantities increased as time went by and as the palette of colours ... [more ▼]

A lot of settlements, some of which were occupied as long as 300 000 years ago, yielded small quantities of colouring matter. These quantities increased as time went by and as the palette of colours diversified, to reach a remarkable climax during the Upper Palaeolithic. Yet colouring matter has been widely ignored, notwithstanding the great potential information they contain about the technical knowledge, the cognitive capacities, the socio-cultural organisation of prehistoric societies and more generally about aesthetic and symbolic conceptions or  even language. The cave of Chauvet (Ardèche, France) is the most ancient testimony of cave drawing in Europe, with representations whose radiocarbon dating by AMS is 31 000 B.P. The origins of this form of art, which already evidences a perfect graphic mastery, are unknown and cannot be found in the previous periods. We thus have to search for clues of these artistic preoccupations in the colouring matter remains of more ancient cultures. But the use of colouring matter is far from limited to the production of parietal art, that was probably an exception among a large scope of more domestic uses, so far very little studied. We studied then a collection coming from the Chatelperronian layers in the “Grotte du Renne” (Arcy-sur-Cure, France), which was excavated in the 60’ by André Leroi-Gourhan. It is a very rich collection of pigments with various shades, which were systematically collected during the excavation. The ultimate purpose is to reconstitute the gestures that enabled the last Neanderthals in Europe to transform the colouring, abrasive, drying and prophylactic properties of these materials. This methodology also proposes to shed some light on their domestic and symbolic utilisations and to evidence the «chaînes opératoires» in the industry of colouring matter; and thus define the roles and the statutes of these materials in the societies of the Early Upper Palaeolithic period. [less ▲]

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See detailSivers asymmetry for the proton and the neutron
Scopetta, S.; Courtoy, Aurore ULg; Fratini, F. et al

in AIP Conference Proceedings (2008), 1056

A formalism is presented to evaluate the Sivers function in constituent quark models. A non-relativistic reduction of the scheme is performed and applied to the Isgur-Karl model. The results obtained are ... [more ▼]

A formalism is presented to evaluate the Sivers function in constituent quark models. A non-relativistic reduction of the scheme is performed and applied to the Isgur-Karl model. The results obtained are consistent with a sizable Sivers effect and the signs for the u and d flavor contributions turn out to be opposite. The Burkardt Sum Rule is fulfilled to a large extent. After the estimate of the QCD evolution of the results from the momentum scale of the model to the experimental one, a reasonable agreement with the available data is obtained. A calculation of nuclear effects in the extraction of neutron single spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering off 3He is also described. In the kinematics of forth-coming experiments at JLab, it is found that the nuclear effects arising within an Impulse Approximation approach are under control. © American Institute of Physics. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimalisation des techniques prothetiques de rehabilitation orale grace a l'orthodontie: analyse d'un cas clinique.
Lies, Céline ULg; Fernandez, S.; Limme, Michel ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2008), 63(10), 609-14

This clinical case underlines the importance of a multidisciplinary approach, prosthetic and orthodontic, for the achievement of an oral rehabilitation treatment plan. Preliminary orthodontic treatment ... [more ▼]

This clinical case underlines the importance of a multidisciplinary approach, prosthetic and orthodontic, for the achievement of an oral rehabilitation treatment plan. Preliminary orthodontic treatment has significantly improved, the position of some natural teeth, which can serve or not as a prosthetic abutment. This has produced a direct prosthetic benefit by limiting tissue reduction for preparation and by giving a better biomechanical and functional context to the restoration.Thus, after an orthodontic treatment step, lasting a year and a half, using both removable appliance and fixed appliance, prosthetic rehabilitation was possible. This included a fixed prosthesis and a removable prosthesis that gave a very satisfying an esthetic result and good masticatory function. [less ▲]

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See detailActualités thérapeutiques dans la migraine.
Fumal, Arnaud ULg; Gérardy, Pierre-Yves ULg; Schoenen, Jean ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2008), 63(5-6), 315-29

Despite its high prevalence and individual as well as societal burden, migraine remains underdiagnosed and undertreated. In recent years, the options for the management of migraine patients have greatly ... [more ▼]

Despite its high prevalence and individual as well as societal burden, migraine remains underdiagnosed and undertreated. In recent years, the options for the management of migraine patients have greatly expanded. A number of drugs belonging to various pharmacological classes and deliverable by several routes are now available both for the acute and the preventive treatments of migraine. Nevertheless, disability and satisfaction remain low in many subjects because treatments are not accessible, not optimized, not effective or simply not tolerated. There is thus still considerable room for better education and for more efficient therapies. In spite of useful internationally accepted guidelines, anti-migraine treatment has to be individually tailored to each patient taking into account the migraine subtype, the ensuing disability, the patient's previous history and present expectations, and the comorbid disorders. In this article we will summarize the phenotypic presentations of migraine and review recommendations for acute and preventive treatment, highlighting recent advances which are relevant for clinical practice in terms of both diagnosis and management. [less ▲]

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See detailLe système endocannabinoïde dans le cerveau... et ailleurs
Scheen, André ULg; Seutin, Vincent ULg; Van Gaal, L. F.

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2008), 63(5-6), 364-71

The endocannabinoid system is a complex system with endogenous ligands, synthesis and transport processes, specific receptors (CB1 and CB2) and intracellular degrading enzymes. It is widely distributed in ... [more ▼]

The endocannabinoid system is a complex system with endogenous ligands, synthesis and transport processes, specific receptors (CB1 and CB2) and intracellular degrading enzymes. It is widely distributed in the central nervous system, but also in peripheral organs. In the brain, endocannabinoids and CB1 receptors are almost ubiquitous and play a role in synaptic plasticity: they modulate, through an inhibitory retrograde action, the release of classical neurotransmitters such as amines, acetylcholine or amino acids. They may exert a neuroprotective effect, but are also involved in appetite and alcohol/drug dependence. At the periphery, they are present (and overexpressed in case of abdominal obesity) in various organs involved in energy control and metabolic regulation. Furthermore, CB2 receptors are also present in the brain, although less numerous than CB1 receptors. They could attenuate pain and also be neuroprotective. Selective agonists, antagonists and inverse agonists of CB1 and CB2 receptors are currently developed and open new interesting therapeutic perspectives. Rimonabant, a CB1 antagonist, has been recently launched for the treatment of obese or overweight patients at high cardiometabolic risk. [less ▲]

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See detailBande dessinée. Norme et transgression.
Paques, Frédéric ULg

in Art&Fact (2008), 27

Ce numéro spécial de la revue "Art&Fact" porte sur la bande dessinée. La question de la norme et de la transgression se pose avec beaucoup d'acuité pour cette forme d'art étroitement liée à des ... [more ▼]

Ce numéro spécial de la revue "Art&Fact" porte sur la bande dessinée. La question de la norme et de la transgression se pose avec beaucoup d'acuité pour cette forme d'art étroitement liée à des contraintes extérieures (marché, technique, public ciblé,...). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (9 ULg)