Publications ORBi OA
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See detailA 2D vertical finite volume solver using a level set approach for simulating free surface incompressible flows
Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in European Journal of Mechanical and Environmental Engineering (2009), 2009(3), 4-9

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See detailcarnet de pédiatrie en Afrique: Médecine néonatale
Battisti, Oreste ULg; VANDENBOSCH, Kristel ULg

Learning material (2009)

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See detailcarnet de pédiatrie en Afrique: Néphrologie
Battisti, Oreste ULg

Learning material (2009)

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See detailcarnet de pédiatrie en Afrique: Notes de sémiologie pédiatrique
Battisti, Oreste ULg

Learning material (2009)

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See detailAnthropogenic impacts in North Poland over the last 1300 years -- A record of Pb, Zn, Cu, Ni and S in an ombrotrophic peat bog
De Vleeschouwer, François ULg; Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Cheburkin, Andriy et al

in Science of the Total Environment (2009)

Lead pollution history over Northern Poland was reconstructed for the last ca. 1300 years using the elemental and Pb isotope geochemistry of a dated Polish peat bog. The data show that Polish Pb–Zn ores ... [more ▼]

Lead pollution history over Northern Poland was reconstructed for the last ca. 1300 years using the elemental and Pb isotope geochemistry of a dated Polish peat bog. The data show that Polish Pb–Zn ores and coal were the main sources of Pb, other heavy metals and S over Northern Poland up until the industrial revolution. After review of the potential mobility of each element, most of the historical interpretation was based on Pb and Pb isotopes, the other chemical elements (Zn, Cu, Ni, S) being considered secondary indicators of pollution. During the last century, leaded gasoline also contributed to anthropogenic Pb pollution over Poland. Coal and Pb–Zn ores, however, remained important sources of pollution in Eastern European countries during the last 50 years, as demonstrated by a high 206Pb/207Pb ratio (1.153)relative to that of Western Europe (ca. 1.10). The Pb data for the last century were also in good agreement with modelled Pb inventories over Poland and the Baltic region. [less ▲]

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See detailDébats actuels sur l'immunologie de la prééclampsie. Comptes rendus du sixième colloque international de La Réunion (décembre 2008)
Robillard, P. Y.; Chaouat, G.; Le Bouteiller, P. et al

in Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité (2009), 37(6), 570-8

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) represent globally 10% of human births and their major complication, preeclampsia, 3 to 5%. The etiology of these HDP remains still uncertain, however major ... [more ▼]

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) represent globally 10% of human births and their major complication, preeclampsia, 3 to 5%. The etiology of these HDP remains still uncertain, however major advances have been made these last 25 years. The Sixth International Workshop on Reproductive Immunology, Immunological Tolerance and Immunology of Preeclampsia 2008 celebrated its 10th Anniversary in Reunion-island (French overseas Department in the Indian Ocean). Over this decade, these six workshops have contributed extensively to immunological, epidemiological, anthropological and even vascular debates. The defect of trophoblastic invasion encountered in preeclampsia, intra-uterine growth retardation and to some extend also preterm labour has been understood only at the end of the 1970's. On the other hand, clinical and epidemiological findings at the end of the 20th century permitted to apprehend that “preeclampsia disease of primiparae” may in fact well be the disease of first pregnancies at the level of human couples. Among the important advances, immunology of reproduction is certainly the topic where knowledge has literally exploded in the last decade. This paper relates some major steps in comprehension of this disease and focuses on the interest to follow these immunological works and their new concepts. It seems, at the beginning of the 21st century, that we are possibly closer than ever to understand the etiology of this obstetrical enigma. In this quest, the immunology of reproduction will certainly come out as one of the main players. [less ▲]

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See detailJules Claskin, poète moderne... homme de son temps
Baiwir, Esther ULg

in Wallonnes : Chronique de la Société de Langue et de Littérature Wallonnes (2009), 1/2009

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See detailInfection expérimentale de veaux par le virus de la fièvre catarrhale ovine de sérotype 8
Dal Pozzo, Fabiana ULg; De Clercq, K.; Guyot, Hugues ULg et al

in Epidémiologie et Santé Animale (2009), 55

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See detailPromouvoir les dialectes à l'école en 2009 ?
Baiwir, Esther ULg

in Wallonnes : Chronique de la Société de Langue et de Littérature Wallonnes (2009), 4

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See detailAgriculture Biologique et Verrouillage des Systèmes de connaissances. Conventionalisation des Filières Agroalimentaires Bio.
Stassart, Pierre M ULg; Jamar, Daniel

in Innovations Agronomiques (2009), 4

Recent debates concerning organic food systems have focused on the conventionalisation hypothesis that posits that the organic food sector has become increasingly divided between “historical” players in ... [more ▼]

Recent debates concerning organic food systems have focused on the conventionalisation hypothesis that posits that the organic food sector has become increasingly divided between “historical” players in the organic movement, on one side, and by distributors and industrial operators recently arrived in the sector, on the other side, who practice a more conventionalised form of organic agriculture that is now gaining popularity. The most prominent explanations for the growth and dominance of a conventionalised organic food system have been economic, based on the logic of input costs, especially land rent. We use the case of the Belgian Blue commodity system and the Belgian organic beef commodity system to argue that conventionalisation is also cognitive. To understand the role of cognition in the rise of the conventional organic food sector, we use the concept of a system of cognitive references, as developed by Muller and Jobert. We believe that comparing organic and conventional practices as two cognitive reference systems allows for a deeper understanding of conventionalisation. This occurs in two ways: first, because it makes it clear that the two systems coexist on a cognitive level, understood in a broad sense as tightly-knit sets of knowledge, beliefs, standards, and images, and, second, because the concept of a reference system makes it possible to understand how the conventional system can become irreversible (lock-in effect) and thus incompatible with the development of the organic system. [less ▲]

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See detailAudiovisual reflexive methodology : How & What can be said, Where?
Stassart, Pierre M ULg; Mathieu, Valérie

Conference (2009)

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See detailVers un nouveau paradigme de l'aide au développement: l'approche sectorielle en santé, quels constats?
Zinnen, Véronique; Laokri, Samia; Paul, Elisabeth ULg

in Sanni Yaya, Hachimi (Ed.) Le défi de l'équité et de l'accessibilité en santé dans le tiers-monde (2009)

Confrontées à des critiques pressantes et à une remise en cause de l'efficacité de l'aide au développement, les agences de coopération, en particulier la Banque Mondiale, ont entrepris depuis une ... [more ▼]

Confrontées à des critiques pressantes et à une remise en cause de l'efficacité de l'aide au développement, les agences de coopération, en particulier la Banque Mondiale, ont entrepris depuis une quinzaine d’années de vastes évaluations de leurs actions et modes de fonctionnement. Ces études ont mis en avant les limites des modalités d'interventions traditionnelles et suscité l'amorce d’un changement dans le système d'aide internationale. Le "nouveau paradigme partenarial de l'aide" qui a alors émergé est basé sur des principes tels qu'appropriation, responsabilité conjointe, partenariat, vision globale, réduction de la pauvreté, gouvernance et orientation vers les résultats. Ce paradigme a été renforcé par la signature en mars 2005 de la Déclaration de Paris sur l'Efficacité de l'Aide au Développement. Le besoin d'intégrer les programmes de coopération dans les structures des pays bénéficiaires, d'appuyer les politiques conçues par ces pays en utilisant des systèmes de gestion harmonisés, est à présent bien reconnu. L'émergence de l'approche sectorielle – soit une méthode de travail entre un gouvernement et des bailleurs de fonds, qui travaillent ensemble à la mise en place progressive d'une politique et d'une stratégie sectorielles cohérentes pour l'ensemble d'un secteur–, avec ses avantages et ses défis, se situe et va être présentée dans ce contexte. [less ▲]

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See detailL'approche sectorielle dans le domaine de la santé au Mali
Samaké, Salif; Paul, Elisabeth ULg

in Samaké, Salif; Paul, Elisabeth (Eds.) L'approche sectorielle dans le domaine de la santé au Mali (2009)

L'ouvrage vise à documenter et analyser l’approche sectorielle dans le domaine de la Santé au Mali, en cours depuis dix ans

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See detailGembloux Agricultural University : ICT learning
Colaux, Catherine ULg; Claustriaux, Jean-Jacques ULg

Scientific conference (2009)

Etat des lieux des outils TICE de la FUSAGx.

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See detailIn memoriam Matilda Caragiu Marioţeanu
Baiwir, Esther ULg

in Wallonnes : Chronique de la Société de Langue et de Littérature Wallonnes (2009), 3

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See detailFormaldehyde in cultivated mushrooms: a negligible risk for the consumer
Claeys, W.; Vleminckx, C.; Dubois, A. et al

in Food Additives & Contaminants (2009), 26(9), 1265-1272

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See detailElectrochromic TiO2, ZrO2 and TiO2-ZrO2 thin films by dip-coating method
Ivanova, T.; Harizanova, A.; Koutzarova, T. et al

in Materials Science & Engineering : B (2009), 165(3), 212-216

Sol-gel processing of TiO2, ZrO2 and mixed Ti/Zr oxide thin films has been studied as application of these coatings in electrochromic devices. Their structural transformations as a function of annealing ... [more ▼]

Sol-gel processing of TiO2, ZrO2 and mixed Ti/Zr oxide thin films has been studied as application of these coatings in electrochromic devices. Their structural transformations as a function of annealing temperatures were analyzed by XRD and FTIR techniques. Electrochromic behavior of the three kind materials was investigated by cyclic voltammetry and the basic electrochromic characteristics were determined. (c) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude des séries chronologiques par les méthodes de décomposition
Palm, Rodolphe ULg; Brostaux, Yves ULg

in Notes de Statistique et d'Informatique (2009), (1), 1-17

This note briefly describes the main methods of analysing time series by a decomposition into a trend, a seasonal variation, and residuals. The methods are illustrated by an example analysed with Minitab ... [more ▼]

This note briefly describes the main methods of analysing time series by a decomposition into a trend, a seasonal variation, and residuals. The methods are illustrated by an example analysed with Minitab software. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of 13 Million Individual Patient Records Pertaining To Pap Smears, Colposcopies, Biopsies and Surgery on The Uterine Cervix (Belgium, 1996–2000)
Arbyn, Marc; Simoens, C.; Van Oyen, H. et al

in Preventive Medicine (2009)

Objective Cervical cancer screening by surveys overestimate coverage because of selection and reporting biases. Methods The prepared Inter-Mutualistic Agency dataset has about 13 million records from Pap ... [more ▼]

Objective Cervical cancer screening by surveys overestimate coverage because of selection and reporting biases. Methods The prepared Inter-Mutualistic Agency dataset has about 13 million records from Pap smears, colposcopies, cervical biopsies and surgery, performed in Belgium between 1996 and 2000. Cervical cancer screening coverage was defined as the proportion of the target population (women of 25–64 years) that has had a Pap smear taken within the last 3 years. Proportions and incidence rates were computed using official population data of the corresponding age group, area and calendar year. Results Cervical cancer screening coverage, in the period 1998–2000, was 59% at national level, for the target age group 25–64 years. Differences were small between the 3 regions. Variation ranged from 39% to 71%. Coverage was 64% for 25–29 year old women, 67% for those aged 30–39 years, 56% for those aged 50–54. The modal screening interval was 1 year. In the 3-year period 1998–2000, 3 million smears were taken from the 2.7 million women in the age group 25–64. Only 1.6 million women of the target group got one or more smears in that period and 1.1 million women had no smears, corresponding to an average of 1.88 smears per woman. Conclusion Coverage reached only 59%, but the number of smears used was sufficient to cover more than 100% of the target population. Structural reduction of overuse and extension of coverage is warranted. [less ▲]

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