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See detailRelationship between the extent of deep venous thrombosis and the extent of acute pulmonary embolism as assessed by CT angiography.
Ghaye, B.; Willems, V.; NCHIMI LONGANG, Alain ULg et al

in British Journal of Radiology (2009), 82(975), 198-203

The aim of our study is to investigate prospectively the quantitative relationship between deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and acute pulmonary embolism (PE). 110 patients clinically suspected of having ... [more ▼]

The aim of our study is to investigate prospectively the quantitative relationship between deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and acute pulmonary embolism (PE). 110 patients clinically suspected of having venous thromboembolic disease underwent combined CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) and venography of lower limb veins. 44 patients presented with clinical signs of DVT and positive ultrasonography or ascending venography, but no clinical sign of PE (Group 1). 66 patients presented with clinical signs of PE and positive CTPA (Group 2). Clot load in lower limb veins and pulmonary arteries were scored by two independent readers, each using two separate systems for DVT and two for PE. 27 (61%) patients in Group 1 also had PE, and 55 (83%) patients in Group 2 also had DVT. Correlations between PE and DVT scores were weak but statistically significant in Group 2 (r(s) ranging from 0.470-0.520; p< or =0.001), but only some were significant in Group 1 (r(s) ranging from 0.253-0.318; p-values ranging from 0.035-0.097). In conclusion, although PE occurs in a majority of patients with DVT, and vice versa, the amount/burden of clot load in one condition does not necessarily indicate - or indicates only weakly - the degree of burden in the other condition. [less ▲]

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See detailApproches numériques et expérimentales en appui à la gestion durable des sédiments
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proc. Morphodynamique et gestion des sédiments dans les estuaires, les baies et les deltas (2009)

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See detailDroit administratif et risque
Pâques, Michel ULg

in Liber amicorum Hubert Bocken (2009)

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See detailMutualisme pucerons-fourmis : étude des bénéfices retirés par les colonies d’Aphis fabae en milieu extérieur
Verheggen, François ULg; Diez, Lise; Detrain, Claire et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2009), 13

La relation de coopération entre pucerons-fourmis est un bel exemple de mutualisme dans le règne animal, les premiers cherchant protection et hygiène, les seconds une source de sucres nécessaires à la ... [more ▼]

La relation de coopération entre pucerons-fourmis est un bel exemple de mutualisme dans le règne animal, les premiers cherchant protection et hygiène, les seconds une source de sucres nécessaires à la survie de la colonie. La présente étude s’est intéressée à recenser les bénéfices retirés par Aphis fabae Scopoli (Homoptera, Aphididae) de ses relations de mutualisme avec Lasius niger L. (Hymenoptera : Formicidae). Plusieurs paramètres ont été observés en milieu extérieur sur des plants de fèves des marais infestés initialement par 100 individus en présence ou non d’une colonie de L. niger. En présence de fourmis, les plantes étaient constamment infestées par un nombre de pucerons plus important, et la proportion d’individus ailés y était également similaire ou plus grande, selon la date d’observation. Un nombre moins important de prédateurs aphidiphages sur les plantes en présence de fourmis a permis d’expliquer en partie ces observations. Les nombres moyens de pucerons parasités ne différaient pas que les plantes soient explorées ou non par les fourmis suggérant que L. niger est peu efficace face aux attaques de parasitoïdes. Par contre, très peu de pucerons appartenant à des espèces différentes d’A. fabae ont été observés sur les plants mis en présence des fourmis. Ces observations suggèrent que L. niger adopte un comportement de prédation sur les pucerons avec lesquels elle n’entretient aucune relation mutualiste. Les observations menées n’ont pas permis de mettre en évidence un quelconque effet des fourmis sur la vigueur des plantes hôtes des pucerons, bien que sensiblement moins d’exuvies et de tâches de miellat étaient présentes sur les plantes dont les colonies de pucerons étaient visitées par L. niger. L’ensemble de ces résultats confirme que L. niger améliore les conditions de vie des colonies de pucerons d’Aphis fabae dont elle exploite le miellat, principalement grâce à la protection qu’elle apporte contre les prédateurs et la réduction de la pression de compétition exercée par les autres espèces non myrmécophiles de pucerons. [less ▲]

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See detailUn intervalle vêlage court: un objectif intéressant pour les hautes productrices?
Laloux, Laurent; Bastin, Catherine ULg; Devroede, Lucie

Article for general public (2009)

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See detailCan turbulence statistics reflect the meso-habitat choice of juvenile salmonids
Enders, Eva; Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Hallot, Eric ULg et al

in Proceedings of the combined conference on Hydro-Informatics and Ecohydraulics, Concepcion, Chile, January 2009. (2009)

Variables commonly used to describe the physical habitat of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. parr are average velocity, water depth, and substrate. A variety of micro- and meso-habitat models have been ... [more ▼]

Variables commonly used to describe the physical habitat of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. parr are average velocity, water depth, and substrate. A variety of micro- and meso-habitat models have been developed using these variables to assess habitat quality. However, Atlantic salmon parr live in highly turbulent streams and rivers, in which intense fluctuations of water velocity occur. Laboratory experiments have shown that turbulence affects the behavior and energetics of fish. Nevertheless, habitat use in relation to the strong temporal variability of velocity in natural environments has rarely been studied. In this study, Atlantic salmon parr habitat was examined in relation to turbulence in the Patapédia River, Québec, Canada. We analyzed meso-habitat use in relation to several dynamic hydraulic variables. Our results revealed that in a natural turbulent condition, parr displayed high individual variability in habitat use in relation to turbulence. Such heterogeneous use of habitat suggests that individuals are not constrained to a single habitat type but that they have a tendency to use areas with lower turbulence. [less ▲]

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See detailHabitat Choice by Atlantic Salmon Parr in Relation to Turbulence at a Reach Scale
Enders, Eva C; Roy, Mathieu L; Ovidio, Michaël ULg et al

in North American Journal of Fisheries Management (2009), 29(6), 1819-1830

The variables commonly used to describe the physical habitat of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar parr are average velocity, water depth, and substrate. A variety of micro- and mesohabitat models have been ... [more ▼]

The variables commonly used to describe the physical habitat of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar parr are average velocity, water depth, and substrate. A variety of micro- and mesohabitat models have been developed using these variables to assess habitat quality. However, Atlantic salmon parr live in highly turbulent streams and rivers in which intense fluctuations of water velocity occur. Laboratory experiments have shown that turbulence affects the behavior and energetics of fish. Nevertheless, habitat use in relation to the strong temporal variability of velocity in natural environments has rarely been studied. In this study, Atlantic salmon parr habitat was examined in relation to turbulence in the Patapedia River, Quebec. Rather than taking the usual approach of surveying a large population at one point in time, we used an intensive radiotelemetry tracking survey that focused on the habitat use of a few individual fish over an extended period. We analyzed habitat use in relation to several dynamic hydraulic variables. Our results revealed that under naturally turbulent conditions, the parr displayed high individual variability in their habitat use. Such heterogeneous use of habitat suggests that individuals are not constrained to a single habitat type. Furthermore, no differences were observed in habitat use among the four daily periods (dawn, day, dusk, and night) for individual parr. [less ▲]

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See detailL'inventaire des sites de grand intérêt biologique en Région wallonne.
Bisteau, Emmanuelle; Baugnée, Jean-Yves; Dufrêne, Marc ULg et al

in Forêt Wallonne (2009), 103

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See detailFluctuation of sediment production during the last millennia in the Ardenne Massif (Belgium)
Houbrechts, Geoffrey ULg; Notebaert, Bastiaan; Petit, François ULg et al

Poster (2009)

In the Ardenne massif, floodplains have recorded fluctuations in the production of sediment and several periods of increased sediment deposition have been identified. Before the first deforestations ... [more ▼]

In the Ardenne massif, floodplains have recorded fluctuations in the production of sediment and several periods of increased sediment deposition have been identified. Before the first deforestations rivers developed multiple channels in alluvial forests. Floodplains were not well-developed and probably very humid, which explains the presence of peat layers within the alluvial sequences. In the Amblève catchment, the first increased sedimentary deposition of the Holocene occurred during the Bronze Age (3200 BP), in relation to deforestation and the first crop cultures in the area. An organic deposition has occurred around 2700 BP and could correspond with a period of climatic degradation. Several peat layers have also been dated to around 1000 BP and probably indicate very low anthropogenic pressure. From the 11th Century onwards, there was an increase in sedimentation and a greater concentration of charcoal is present in the alluvial deposits. In many catchments there is an important increase in the sedimentation at the end of the 14th century, which can be related to the development of many iron factories. Analyses of slag concentration produced in these former factories allow us to reconstruct the evolution of the floodplain topography since the inception of the iron industries, in relation to the periods of activity. Total sedimentation in the smaller valleys since the initiation of iron industries amounts 0.5 to 1.0 m, which is in most cases about 50% of the total sediment present in the floodplains and corresponds to a mean sedimentation rate ranging between 10 and 20 cm/century. Such values are explained by various former agricultural practices and forest clearings associated with the huge demand for charcoal by the iron industry. About 20 ha of forest were cleared for the yearly consumption of a refining forge or a blast furnace and more than three hundred iron factories existed in the Ardenne Massif between the 14th and the 19th century. [less ▲]

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See detailExposition "Diversité des primates" : Dossier pédagogique pour l'enseignement secondaire
Hindryckx, Marie-Noëlle ULg; Hauglustaine, Céline

Learning material (2009)

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See detailRapport 2 (comité de thèse)
Zirbes, Lara ULg

Report (2009)

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See detailAcute administration of GPR40 receptor agonist potentiates glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in vivo in rat
Sayyed, Sufyan Ali ULg

in Metabolism : Clinical and Experimental (2009), 58(3), 333

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See detailLes anticorps monoclonaux en neurologie.
JEDIDI, Zayd ULg; Jedidi, Haroun ULg; Moonen, Gustave ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009), 64(5-6), 305-9

Since their inception in the 1970's, monoclonal antibody therapies became increasingly efficient and common in numerous medical conditions and their use in neurology has been boosted during the last ... [more ▼]

Since their inception in the 1970's, monoclonal antibody therapies became increasingly efficient and common in numerous medical conditions and their use in neurology has been boosted during the last couple of years with the rise of natalizumab (Tysabri). Furthermore, if most monoclonal antibodies currently assessed in neurologic conditions remain considered as experimental, they may soon become first-line approved treatments in a broad range of neuromuscular and demyelinating diseases. Since the introduction of new therapies is likely to unravel specific adverse events and sui generis iatrogenic disorders, it is important to be able to recognize the side-effects of monoclonal antibodies delivered for neurological or non-neurological diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailLa correspondance jésuite : communication, union et mémoire. Les enjeux de la Formula scribendi
Delfosse, Annick ULg

in Revue d'Histoire Ecclésiastique (2009), 104(1), 71-114

Ignatius of Loyola, helped by Juan Polanco, has firmly established the Society of Jesus upon an intensive communication system. This system quickly turned out to be inadequate for the needs of an Order in ... [more ▼]

Ignatius of Loyola, helped by Juan Polanco, has firmly established the Society of Jesus upon an intensive communication system. This system quickly turned out to be inadequate for the needs of an Order in constantly growing, but the inner correspondence was so important that the successors of the Society founder never ceased to redefine its working. This article underlines the reasons and the terms of these continuous readjustments. It shows the consequences of these redefinitions for materiality of documentary production and for the forms of the Order inner communication. It also attempts to understand to what extent this care for administrative writing was closely tied to processes of identitary constructions, of unity strengthening and of memory sustainment within the Society of Jesus. [less ▲]

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See detailPeut-on aider le patient âgé à risque de chutes?
Warzee, E.; Petermans, Jean ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009), 64(9), 446-9

Assessment of fall risk in the elderly is clearly documented in the literature. However, intervention preventive strategies are not well identified. Two types of methods can be discussed: on the one hand ... [more ▼]

Assessment of fall risk in the elderly is clearly documented in the literature. However, intervention preventive strategies are not well identified. Two types of methods can be discussed: on the one hand, classical techniques using different tests and exercises in balance with materials and/or sensitization by dual task; on the other hand, rhythmic exercises. Their results and value are not quite established and further studies are needed to assess their prospective benefit, even if they seem interesting in some Parkinson's population. Physical activity and global fall management allow a better outcome in different gait parameters of the elderly. [less ▲]

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See detailQuestions about Chemokine and Chemokine Receptor Antagonism in Renal Inflammation
Sayyed, Sufyan Ali ULg

in Nephron. Experimental Nephrology (2009), 14(2), 33

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See detailÉlargissement de la base génétique de la principale espèce de cotonnier cultivé Gossypium hirsutum L. par la création et l’exploitation de lignées monosomiques d’addition
Sarr, D.; Mergeai, Guy ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2009), 13(1), 187-201

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See detailPeriod 2 regulates neural stem/progenitor cell proliferation in the adult hippocampus.
Borgs, Laurence ULg; Beukelaers, Pierre ULg; Vandenbosch, Renaud ULg et al

in BMC Neuroscience (2009), 10

BACKGROUND: Newborn granule neurons are generated from proliferating neural stem/progenitor cells and integrated into mature synaptic networks in the adult dentate gyrus of the hippocampus. Since light ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Newborn granule neurons are generated from proliferating neural stem/progenitor cells and integrated into mature synaptic networks in the adult dentate gyrus of the hippocampus. Since light/dark variations of the mitotic index and DNA synthesis occur in many tissues, we wanted to unravel the role of the clock-controlled Period2 gene (mPer2) in timing cell cycle kinetics and neurogenesis in the adult DG. RESULTS: In contrast to the suprachiasmatic nucleus, we observed a non-rhythmic constitutive expression of mPER2 in the dentate gyrus. We provide evidence that mPER2 is expressed in proliferating neural stem/progenitor cells (NPCs) and persists in early post-mitotic and mature newborn neurons from the adult DG. In vitro and in vivo analysis of a mouse line mutant in the mPer2 gene (Per2Brdm1), revealed a higher density of dividing NPCs together with an increased number of immature newborn neurons populating the DG. However, we showed that the lack of mPer2 does not change the total amount of mature adult-generated hippocampal neurons, because of a compensatory increase in neuronal cell death. CONCLUSION: Taken together, these data demonstrated a functional link between the constitutive expression of mPER2 and the intrinsic control of neural stem/progenitor cells proliferation, cell death and neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of adult mice. [less ▲]

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