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See detailAn own-age bias in age estimation of faces in children and adults.
Moyse, Evelyne ULg; Brédart, Serge ULg

in Perception (2010), 39(suppl), 93

The aim of the present study was to assess the occurence of an own-age bias on age estimation performance (better performance for faces from the same age range as that of the beholder) by using an ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study was to assess the occurence of an own-age bias on age estimation performance (better performance for faces from the same age range as that of the beholder) by using an experimental design inspired from research on the own-race effect. The age of participants (10 to 14 year old children and 20 to 30 year old adults) was an independent factor that was crossed with the age of the stimuli (faces of 10 to 14 year old children and faces of 20 to 30 year old adults), the dependent measure being the accuracy of age estimation. There were 30 participants in each age group. An interaction between the two factors was expected. A two-way 2 (age of the participants)x 2 (age of the stimuli) ANOVA with repeated measures on the last factor was carried out on the accuracy scores. This analysis revealed a main effect of age of participants and of age of stimuli, and an interaction between these two factors. Children's performance was less accurate when estimating the age of adults' faces compared with children's faces. However, in both age groups, accuracy was better for children's faces than for adults' faces. [less ▲]

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See detailRevue bibliographique sur la restauration des pelouses calcicoles en Europe : contraintes rencontrées et solutions proposées
Piqueray, Julien ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2010), 14(3), 471-484

Calcareous grasslands, that are considered as biodiversity hotspots in Europe, have suffered an important decline during the last century. In this context, restoration of suitable habitats has been ... [more ▼]

Calcareous grasslands, that are considered as biodiversity hotspots in Europe, have suffered an important decline during the last century. In this context, restoration of suitable habitats has been promoted as a conservation strategy. Restoration consists in the recreation of favourable abiotic and biotic conditions that permit the recolonization by typical species. Depending on the degradations, several constraints can be encountered during restoration, such as soil enrichment, the presence of competitive species, or harsh conditions for plant growth. In order to overcome these constraints, scientists have proposed techniques that were demonstrated to be more or less efficient. In this article, the different constraints that can occur while restoring calcareous grasslands are described as well as the techniques proposed in the scientific literature. We also describe restoration objectives specific to calcareous grasslands, taking the history of these habitats into account and considering global change issue. Different parameters can be considered to value restoration success. Here again, an analysis of the scientific literature is needed in order to best assess restoration monitoring. [less ▲]

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See detailMusica, musicos e o voto latino na eleiçao presidencial americana del 2008
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULg; Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Migrações (2010), (7), 229-247

This article seeks to examine the relevance of popular culture and music in particular in the context of post-migratory multicultural societies. More precisely, we aim to demonstrate how music and ... [more ▼]

This article seeks to examine the relevance of popular culture and music in particular in the context of post-migratory multicultural societies. More precisely, we aim to demonstrate how music and musicians contribute – in specific spatial and temporal settings – to the mobilization of some migrant origin populations. The article starts with a conceptual discussion on the role of music for ethnic and migrant groups and on the role of music and musicians in electoral campaigns. Subsequently, we review the case of the 2008 US presidential campaign to show the relevance of minority artists’ productions and the political use that can be made out of it in competitive electoral contexts such as that of the United States. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of fuel type, dilution and equivalence ratio on the emission reduction from the auto-ignition in an Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition engine
Machrafi, Hatim ULg; Cavadias, Simeon; Amouroux, Jacques

in Energy (2010), 35(4), 1829-1838

One technology that seems to be promising for automobile pollution reduction is the Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI). This technology still faces auto-ignition and emission-control problems ... [more ▼]

One technology that seems to be promising for automobile pollution reduction is the Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI). This technology still faces auto-ignition and emission-control problems. This paper focuses on the emission problem, since it is incumbent to realize engines that pollute less. For this purpose, this paper presents results concerning the measurement of the emissions of CO, NOx, CO2, O-2 and hydrocarbons. HCCI conditions are used, with equivalence ratios between 0.26 and 0.54, inlet temperatures of 70 degrees C and 120 degrees C and compression ratios of 10.2 and 13.5, with different fuel types: gasoline, gasoline surrogate, diesel, diesel surrogate and mixtures of n-heptane/toluene. The effect of dilution is considered for gasoline, while the effect of the equivalence ratio is considered for all the fuels. No significant amount of NOx has been measured. It appeared that the CO, O-2 and hydrocarbon emissions were reduced by decreasing the toluene content of the fuel and by decreasing the dilution. The opposite holds for CO2. The reduction of the hydrocarbon emission appears to compete with the reduction of the CO2 emission. Diesel seemed to produce less CO and hydrocarbons than gasoline when auto-ignited. An example of emission reduction control is presented in this paper. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental validation of concentration profiles in an HCCI engine, modelled by a multi-component kinetic mechanism: Outline for auto-ignition and emission control
Machrafi, Hatim ULg

in Energy Conversion and Management (2010), 51(10), 2025-2031

In order to contribute to the auto-ignition and emission control for Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI), a kinetic multi-component mechanism, containing 62 reactions and 49 species for ... [more ▼]

In order to contribute to the auto-ignition and emission control for Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI), a kinetic multi-component mechanism, containing 62 reactions and 49 species for mixtures of n-heptane, iso-octane and toluene is validated in this work, comparing for the concentration profiles of the fuel, the total hydrocarbons, O-2, CO2, CO, acetaldehyde and iso-butene. These species are sampled during the combustion and quantified. For these measurements an automotive exhaust analyser, a gas chromatograph, coupled to a mass spectrometer and a flame ionisation detector are used, depending on the species to be measured. The fuel, total hydrocarbons, O-2, CO2, iso-butene and acetaldehyde showed a satisfactory quantitative agreement between the mechanism and the experiments. Both the experiments and the modelling results showed the same formation behaviour of the different species. An example is shown of how such a validated mechanism can provide for a set of information of the behaviour of the auto-ignition process and the emission control as a function of engine parameters. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailUrinary or plasma NGAL?: Analytical point of view
Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Saarbach, D.; Bekaert, Anne-Catherine ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2010)

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See detailMDRD or CKD-EPI study equations for estimating prevalence of stage 3 CKD in epidemiological studies: which difference? Is this difference relevant?
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Mariat, C. et al

in BMC Nephrology (2010), 11(8),

Background: Prevalence of stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing according to the NHANES study. Prevalence has been calculated using the MDRD study equation for estimating glomerular ... [more ▼]

Background: Prevalence of stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing according to the NHANES study. Prevalence has been calculated using the MDRD study equation for estimating glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Recently, a new estimator based on creatinine, the CKD-EPI equation, has been proposed which is presumed to better perform in normal GFR ranges. The aim of the study was to measure the difference in prevalence of stage 3 CKD in a population using either the MDRD or the CKD-EPI study equations. Methods: CKDscreening is organized in the Province of Liège, Belgium. On a voluntary basis, people aged between 45 and 75 years are invited to be screened. GFR is estimated by the MDRD study equation and by the "new" CKD-EPI equations. Results: The population screened consisted in 1992 people (47% of men). Mean serum creatinine was 0.86 ± 0.20 mg/dl. The prevalence of stage 3 CKD in this population using the MDRD or the CKD-EPI equations was 11.04 and 7.98%, respectively. The prevalence of stage 3 CKD is significantly higher with the MDRD study equation (p <0,0012). Conclusions: Prevalence of stage 3 CKDvaries strongly following the method used for estimating GFR, MDRD or CKDEPI study equations. Such discrepancies are of importance and must be confirmed and explained by additional studies using GFR measured with a reference method. [less ▲]

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See detailShielding efficiency and E(J) characteristics measured on large melt cast Bi-2212 hollow cylinders in axial magnetic fields
Fagnard, Jean-François ULg; Elschner, Steffen; Bock, Joachim et al

in Superconductor Science and Technology (2010), 23

We show that tubes of melt cast Bi-2212 used as current leads for LTS magnets can also act as efficient magnetic shields. The magnetic screening properties under an axial DC magnetic field are ... [more ▼]

We show that tubes of melt cast Bi-2212 used as current leads for LTS magnets can also act as efficient magnetic shields. The magnetic screening properties under an axial DC magnetic field are characterized at several temperatures below the liquid nitrogen temperature (77 K). Two main shielding properties are studied and compared with those of Bi-2223, a material that has been considered in the past for bulk magnetic shields. The first property is related to the maximum magnetic flux density that can be screened, Blim; it is defined as the applied magnetic flux density below which the field attenuation measured at the centre of the shield exceeds 1000. For a cylinder of Bi-2212 with a wall thickness of 5 mm and a large ratio of length over radius, Blim is evaluated to 1 T at T = 10 K. This value largely exceeds the Blim value measured at the same temperature on similar tubes of Bi-2223. The second shielding property that is characterized is the dependence of Blim with respect to variations of the sweep rate of the applied field, dBapp/dt. This dependence is interpreted in terms of the power law E = Ec(J/Jc)^n and allows us to determine the exponent n of this E(J) characteristics for Bi-2212. The characterization of the magnetic field relaxation involves very small values of the electric field. This gives us the opportunity to experimentally determine the E(J) law in an unexplored region of small electric fields. Combining these results with transport and AC shielding measurements, we construct a piecewise E(J) law that spans over 8 orders of magnitude of the electric field. [less ▲]

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See detailUrinary NGAL: Use of absolute value or ratio to creatinine?
Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Bekaert, Anne-Catherine ULg; Legrand, Delphine ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2010), 65-3

Introduction: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) has emerged as a promising marker for the detection of acute kidney injury. This marker has been proposed for urinary measurement. However ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) has emerged as a promising marker for the detection of acute kidney injury. This marker has been proposed for urinary measurement. However, in the literature, authors indistinctly use "absolute" value or NGAL to creatinine ratio. Up to now, there are no strong arguments favouring for one. This question is of importance as this marker is sensed to be used only on urine random samples. To find an answer to this very practical matter, one approach could be to compare biological CV(intra-individual variation) of the "absolute" and ratio results. [less ▲]

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See detailQuantitative study of catalytic activity and catalytic deactivation of Fe–Co/Al2O3 catalysts for multi-walled carbon nanotube synthesis by the CCVD process
Pirard, Sophie ULg; Heyen, Georges ULg; Pirard, Jean-Paul ULg

in Applied Catalysis A : General (2010), 382

The catalytic deactivation during multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWNT) synthesis by the CCVD process and the influence of hydrogen on it were quantified. Initial specific reaction rate, relative specific ... [more ▼]

The catalytic deactivation during multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWNT) synthesis by the CCVD process and the influence of hydrogen on it were quantified. Initial specific reaction rate, relative specific productivity and catalytic deactivation were studied. Carbon source was ethylene, and a bimetallic iron–cobalt catalyst supported on alumina was used. The catalytic deactivation was modeled by a decreasing hyperbolic law, reflecting the progressive accumulation of amorphous carbon on active sites. While the initial specific reaction rate was found not to be influenced by hydrogen, catalytic deactivation was found to be modified in the presence of hydrogen, which delayed and slowed down the deactivation by avoiding amorphous carbon deposition, thus leading to a greater relative specific productivity of carbon nanotubes. [less ▲]

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See detailRedistribution of fibrillarin following treatment of human bladder carcinoma cells with aptatone
Jamison, James; Gilloteaux, Jacques; Perlaky, L et al

Poster (2010)

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See detailUn oikèma appelé Erechtheion (Pausanias, I, 26, 5)
Pirenne-Delforge, Vinciane ULg

in Carlier, Pierre; Lerouge-Cohen, Charlotte (Eds.) Paysage et religion en Grèce antique. Mélanges offerts à Madeleine Jost (2010)

A close reading of Pausanias’ visit of the north side of the Athenian Acropolis suggests that the present identification of the Erechtheion, which dates back to the seventeenth century, is highly doubtful ... [more ▼]

A close reading of Pausanias’ visit of the north side of the Athenian Acropolis suggests that the present identification of the Erechtheion, which dates back to the seventeenth century, is highly doubtful, as some very few scholars have concluded during the last three decades. The present analysis addresses the word "oikema" used by Pausanias in his description of the Acropolis, comparing this use with all the other places where it appears in the Periegesis. We may conclude that the asymetrical Ionic temple was completely devoted to Athena Polias. Therefore, the so-called Erechtheion has still to be found. [less ▲]

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See detailCarbon dioxide and methane dynamics in estuaries
Borges, Alberto ULg; Abril, G.

Conference (2010)

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See detailL'émancipation du Conseil de la Concurrence? Note sous la décision du Conseil de la concurrence du 26 mai 2009 dans l'affaire Base/BMB
Petit, Nicolas ULg; Provost, Elise ULg

in Tijdschrift voor Belgische Mededinging [=TBM] = Revue de la Concurrence Belge [=RCB] (2010), (2), 89-101

Enième avatar de la bataille juridique opposant les opérateurs alternatifs de communications électroniques à l’ancien monopole public Belgacom1, la décision commentée constitue une première pour Conseil ... [more ▼]

Enième avatar de la bataille juridique opposant les opérateurs alternatifs de communications électroniques à l’ancien monopole public Belgacom1, la décision commentée constitue une première pour Conseil de la concurrence (« le Conseil ») à plus d’un titre : première condamnation de l’opérateur historique, première caractérisation d’un ciseau tarifaire abusif, première décision infligeant une amende aussi élevée en Belgique. Après des années de carence dans l’application des règles de concurrence au secteur des communications électroniques le Conseil parait vouloir renverser la vapeur. Sonne peut-être – comme nous l’avons écrit précédemment – la « fin de la récréation pour l’opérateur historique ». Il faut sans doute s’en féliciter, la Belgique figurant depuis longtemps parmi les mauvais élèves de l’ouverture à la concurrence des industries de réseaux. [less ▲]

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See detailRisque zoonotique, impact vétérinaire et surveillance des virus influenza A porcins dans le cadre de l'émergence du virus pandémique influenza A/H1N1 (2009)
Cardoen, S.; Thiry, Etienne ULg; Caij, A. B. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2010), 154(1), 30-47

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See detailCurrent Opinion in Pharmacology, Volume 10, Issue 4, Section Immunomodulation
Geenen, Vincent ULg

in Current Opinion in Pharmacology (2010), 10(Issue 4), 405-504

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See detailProlonged ex vivo culture of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells influences their supportive activity toward NOD/SCID -repopulating cells and committed progenitor cells of B lymphoid and myeloid lineages
Briquet, Alexandra ULg; Dubois, Sophie ULg; Bekaert, Sandrine ULg et al

in Haematologica (2010), 95(1), 47-56

Background Bone marrow (BM) mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) support proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) in vitro. Since they represent a rare subset of BM cells, MSC ... [more ▼]

Background Bone marrow (BM) mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) support proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) in vitro. Since they represent a rare subset of BM cells, MSC preparations for clinical purposes involves a preparative step of ex vivo multiplication. The aim of our study was to analyze the influence of culture duration on MSC supportive activity. DESIGN AND METHODS: MSC were expanded for up to 10 passages. MSC and CD34(+) cells were seeded in cytokine-free co-cultures after which the phenotype, clonogenic capacity and in vivo repopulating activity of harvested hematopoietic cells were assessed. RESULTS: Early passage MSC supported HPC expansion and differentiation toward both B lymphoid and myeloid lineages. Late passage MSC did not support HPC and myeloid cell outgrowth but maintained B cell supportive ability. In vitro maintenance of NOD/SCID mouse repopulating cells cultured for one week in contact with MSC was effective until the fourth MSC passage and declined afterwards. CD34(+) cells achieved higher levels of engraftment in NOD/SCID mice when co-injected with early passage MSC; however MSC expanded beyond 9 passages were ineffective in promoting CD34(+) cell engraftment. Non-contact cultures indicated that MSC supportive activity involved diffusible factors. Among these, interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 contributed to the supportive activity of early passage MSC but not of late passage MSC. MSC phenotype as well as fat, bone and cartilage differentiation capacity did not change during MSC culture. Conclusions Extended MSC culture alters their supportive ability toward HPC without concomitant changes in phenotype and differentiation capacity. [less ▲]

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