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See detailL'initiative des Quatre et la défense européenne
Dumoulin, André ULg

in Sur, Serge (Ed.) Annuaire français de relations internationales 2004 (2004)

Le 29 avril 2003, un groupe de pays européens – Allemagne, Belgique, France, Luxembourg – se réunissait à Bruxelles pour proposer une série d’initiatives visant à améliorer l’outillage de la sécurité ... [more ▼]

Le 29 avril 2003, un groupe de pays européens – Allemagne, Belgique, France, Luxembourg – se réunissait à Bruxelles pour proposer une série d’initiatives visant à améliorer l’outillage de la sécurité européenne. Surfant sur le principe des coopérations renforcées, soutenant une meilleure réactivité de la Politique européenne de sécurité et de défense, cette initiative subit les pressions américaines, britanniques et des pays européens dit non-alignés. Ceux-ci considéraient ce processus intra-européen comme une duplication de moyens (quartier général) et un élément supplémentaire de tensions dans le champ transatlantique, au moment même où la crise irakienne alimentait de profondes divergences entre alliés. Néanmoins, la nouvelle posture britannique tendrait à assimiler en partie les propositions des Quatre afin de maximiser à terme son positionnement de leader dans le cadre européen tout en garantissant la prépondérance du socle transatlantique. [less ▲]

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See detailOutskirts Dynamics: towards Order or Chaos ?
Franzen, M.; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

in Franzen, M.; Halleux, Jean-Marie (Eds.) European Cities, Insight on Outskirts. Dynamics (2004)

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See detailVêtir la Vierge : une grammaire identitaire
Delfosse, Annick ULg

in Donneau, Olivier (Ed.) Quand l’habit faisait le moine. Une histoire du vêtement civil et religieux en Luxembourg et au-delà (2004)

This article studies the secular practice of dressing worship statues, particularly the Marian ones. It envisages specifically the Luxembourg space investigating the collections of the Musée en Piconrue ... [more ▼]

This article studies the secular practice of dressing worship statues, particularly the Marian ones. It envisages specifically the Luxembourg space investigating the collections of the Musée en Piconrue, the statues still in place and parish inventories of the “wardrobes” of the Madonna. It shows how appear some statues-mannequins designed to be dressed and examines the making of their trousseau. However, it proves above all to understand the implications of such practice as an approach of the Holy and the identities construction. [less ▲]

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See detailMélanges fleuris et insectes auxiliaires
Francis, Frédéric ULg; Colignon, P.; Haubruge, Eric ULg

in Canard Déchaîné du Kauwberg (Le) (2004), 50

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See detailOutskirts, Accessibility and Chain Reactions within the Urban Field. The Dynamics of the Released Mobility
Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

in Franzen, M.; Halleux, Jean-Marie (Eds.) European Cities, Insight on Outskirts. Dynamics (2004)

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See detailOutskirts Dynamics and new Residential Developments in Belgium. A comparative Analysis with the Swiss and Danish Contexts
Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

in Franzen, M.; Halleux, Jean-Marie (Eds.) European Cities, Insight on Outskirts. Dynamics (2004)

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See detailLes productions animales dans les pays candidats
Burny, Philippe ULg

in CRA (Ed.) Neuvième Carrefour des Productions Animales "L'impact de l'ouverture à l'Est sur les productions animales des pays de l'Ouest de l'Europe", Gembloux, 21-01-2004 (2004)

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See detailLe support aux enseignants dans le portage de cours en ligne comme facilitateur d'un déploiement de méthodes actives dans l'enseignement supérieur
Dupont, Chantal ULg; Poumay, Marianne ULg

Conference (2004)

Le LabSET accompagne annuellement une vingtaine d'enseignants dans le portage à distance de leurs propres cours conventionnels, touchant plusieurs milliers d'apprenants au total. Défenseurs des pédagogies ... [more ▼]

Le LabSET accompagne annuellement une vingtaine d'enseignants dans le portage à distance de leurs propres cours conventionnels, touchant plusieurs milliers d'apprenants au total. Défenseurs des pédagogies actives, nous prônons l'idée que l'EAD n'est qu'un vecteur, un support dont on peut faire le pire comme le meilleur. L'une de nos actions, FORMADIS , assure l'accompagnement de d'EAD, une autre action accompagne des enseignants dans un curriculum diplomant, selon des principes d'isomorphisme et de transfert systématique des apprentissages au projet concret. L'article présente ces deux actions et détaille leur mise en oeuvre en soulignant les facteurs de succès et les difficultés de ces initiatives. [less ▲]

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See detailLes jumeaux et leur séparation : situations pathologiques à l‘adolescence et perspectives thérapeutiques
Malchair, Alain ULg

in Information Psychiatrique (L') (2004), 80(2), 123-129

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See detailCoxsackievirus B4 infection of human fetal thymus cells
Brilot, Fabienne; Geenen, Vincent ULg; Hober, Didier et al

in Journal of Virology (2004), 78(18), 9854-9861

The infection of human fetal thymus organ cultures (FTOC) with coxsackievirus B4 E2 (CVB4 E2) was investigated. Both positive- and negative-strand viral RNA were detected by real-time quantitative reverse ... [more ▼]

The infection of human fetal thymus organ cultures (FTOC) with coxsackievirus B4 E2 (CVB4 E2) was investigated. Both positive- and negative-strand viral RNA were detected by real-time quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) in CVB4 E2-infected FTOC, which supported high yields of virus production (similar to10(6) 50% tissue culture infective doses/ml), and in flow-sorted thymocyte populations for 7 days after inoculation. Cortical CD4(+) CD8(+) thymocytes were found to be the principal targets of infection. Inoculation of human FTOC with CVB4 E2 led to a marked and progressive depletion of immature thymocytes (CD4(+) CD8(+) cells) with no enhancement of Annexin V-positive cells. CVB4 E2 replication caused significant major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I upregulation on these cells. MHC class I upregulation was correlated with positive- and negative-strand RNA quantitative detection and the release of infectious particles. In addition, chloroquine treatment of FTOC and single-thymocyte suspensions suggested that MHC class I upregulation on thymocytes was the result of direct infection rather than caused by production of soluble factors such as alpha interferon. Thus, CVB4 E2 can infect human fetal thymocytes, which subsequently results in quantitative and qualitative abnormalities of these cells. [less ▲]

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See detailData reconciliation and sampling protocol design, case of a paper deinking process
Brown, David; Marechal, François; Heyen, Georges ULg et al

in Paperi Ja Puu-Paper and Timber (2004), 86(8), 565-570

An equation solver data reconciliation software has been used to build a validated model of a waste paper deinking mill, by combining control room measurements and process design specifications. An ... [more ▼]

An equation solver data reconciliation software has been used to build a validated model of a waste paper deinking mill, by combining control room measurements and process design specifications. An optimal sampling protocol to validate the model by using only control room measurements has been determined by identifying, with genetic algorithm programming, the additional sampling points and corresponding sensors required to compensate for the lack of redundant measurements. [less ▲]

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See detailBack pain and renal failure
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Bovy, Christophe ULg; de Leval, Laurence ULg et al

in Lancet (2004), 364(9449), 1992

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See detailHow CAPE tools can contribute to process sustainability
Kalitventzeff, Boris ULg; Heyen, Georges ULg; Closon, Hervé et al

in Journal of Cleaner Production (2004), 12(2), 117-124

The concern of the EFCE for sustainability. Four recent case studies to illustrate how CAPE tools contribute to process sustainability: (1) ultimate plant operation at Wacker-Chemie (DE), (2) development ... [more ▼]

The concern of the EFCE for sustainability. Four recent case studies to illustrate how CAPE tools contribute to process sustainability: (1) ultimate plant operation at Wacker-Chemie (DE), (2) development of a new sulphuric acid plant with Air Liquide (FR), (3) plant retrofit for CO2 abatement at Kemira (BE), (4) insertion of a new plant in an existing Solvay industrial site (Asia). (C) 2003 Published by Elsevier Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailDocimologie critique : des difficultés de noter des copies et d'attribuer des notes aux élèves
Leclercq, Dieudonné ULg; Nicaise, J.; Demeuse, Marc ULg

in Demeuse, Marc (Ed.) Introduction aux théories et aux méthodes de la mesure en sciences psychologiques et en sciences de l'éducation : 2e candidature en Sciences psychologiques et de l'Education, 1ère licence en Sciences de l'Education (Passerelle) (2004)

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See detailFetal growth restriction: a workshop report
Cetin, I.; Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg; Miozzo, M. et al

in Placenta (2004), 25(8-9), 753-757

Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with significantly increased perinatal morbidity and mortality as well as cardiovascular disease and glucose intolerance in adult life. A number of ... [more ▼]

Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with significantly increased perinatal morbidity and mortality as well as cardiovascular disease and glucose intolerance in adult life. A number of disorders from genetic to metabolic, vascular, coagulative, autoimmune, as well as infectious, can influence fetal growth by damaging the placenta, leading to IUGR as a result of many possible fetal, placental and maternal disorders. Strict definitions of IUGR and of its severity are needed in order to eventually distinguish among different phenotypes, such as gestational age at onset, degree of growth restriction and presence of hypoxia. This report explores and reviews some of the most recent developments in both clinical and basic research on intrauterine growth restriction, by seeking mechanisms that involve genetic factors, utero-placental nutrient availability and vascular growth factors. New exciting findings on the genomic imprinting defects potentially associated with IUGR, and the placental anomalies associated with the decreased nutrient transport are summarized. Moreover, recent data on angiogenic growth factors as well as new information arising from application of gene chip technologies are discussed. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscrimination between Bifidobacterium species from human and animal origin by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism
Delcenserie, Véronique ULg; Bechoux, Nathalie ULg; Leonard, Tamara et al

in Journal of Food Protection (2004), 67(6), 1284-1288

Bifidobacteria are normal intestinal flora in humans and animals. The genus Bifidobacterium includes 31 species of significant host specificity. Taking into account their properties, we proposed to use ... [more ▼]

Bifidobacteria are normal intestinal flora in humans and animals. The genus Bifidobacterium includes 31 species of significant host specificity. Taking into account their properties, we proposed to use bifidobacteria as fecal contamination indicators. PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism on the 16S rDNA gene was used to distinguish the different Bifidobacterium species. Sixty-four strains belonging to 13 different species were differentiated from animal or human origin using one or two restriction enzymes. Moreover, the primers used were specifics of the Bifidobacterium genus. Therefore, this method made it possible to determine both the presence of bifidobacteria in a sample and its origin of contamination. [less ▲]

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See detailFunctional neuroimaging in the vegetative state
Laureys, Steven ULg

in NeuroRehabilitation (2004), 19(4), 335-341

The interest of functional imaging in patients in a vegetative state is twofold. First, the vegetative state continues to represent a major clinical and ethical problem, in terms of diagnosis, prognosis ... [more ▼]

The interest of functional imaging in patients in a vegetative state is twofold. First, the vegetative state continues to represent a major clinical and ethical problem, in terms of diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, everyday management and end-of-life decisions. Second, it offers a lesional approach to the study of human consciousness and adds to the international research effort on identifying the neural correlate of consciousness. Cerebral metabolism has been shown to be massively reduced in the vegetative state. However, recovery of consciousness from vegetative state seems not always associated with substantial changes in global metabolism. Recent PET data indicate that some vegetative patients are unconscious not just because of a global loss of neuronal function, but due to an altered activity in a critical fronto-parietal cortical network and to abolished functional connections within this network and with non-specific thalamic nuclei. Recovery of consciousness was shown to be paralleled by a restoration of this cortico-thalamo-cortical interaction. Despite the metabolic impairment, external stimulation still induces neuronal activation as shown by both auditory and noxious stimuli. However, this activation is limited to primary cortices and dissociated from higher-order associative cortices, thought to be necessary for conscious perception. [less ▲]

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See detailNanostructured polyamide by reactive blending. 2. Transition from nanovesicles to cucumber-like core-shell nanoobjects
Koulic, Christian; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Progress in Colloid and Polymer Science (2004), 129

Polyamide 12 (PA 12) has been nanostructured by reactive blending with 20 wt% of a symmetric anhydride end-capped polystyrene-b-polyisoprene (PS-b-PIP-anh) The liposome-like nanovesicles which are ... [more ▼]

Polyamide 12 (PA 12) has been nanostructured by reactive blending with 20 wt% of a symmetric anhydride end-capped polystyrene-b-polyisoprene (PS-b-PIP-anh) The liposome-like nanovesicles which are originally formed in the polyamide matrix (PA 12) are converted into cucumber-like core-shell nanoobjects upon increasing the volume fraction of PS by addi-j tion of homo PS of a molecular weight lower than the PS block. The key effect of the molecular weight of homoPS with respect to the PS bloc,k has been emphasized. The same nanoobjects can be prepared by direct blending of PA12 with 20 wt% of an asymmetric reactive PS-b-PIP-anh diblock with the same molecular weight and a higher PS content compared to the symmetric diblock. The interesting point is that the thickness of the rubbery envelope of the core-shell nanoobjects changes with the method used for their preparation at constant PA12/ PS/PIP composition, as result of a change in the molecular weight of the shell forming block. [less ▲]

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See detailInteractions at large distances and spin effects in nucleon-nucleon and nucleon-nuclei scattering
Cudell, Jean-René ULg; Predazzi, E.; Selyugin, Oleg Viktorovich

in Physics of Particles and Nuclei (2004), 35(Suppl. 1), 75-78

The momentum transfer dependence of the slopes of the spin-non-flip and spin-flip amplitudes is analyzed. It is shown that the long tail of the hadronic potential in impact parameter space leads, for ... [more ▼]

The momentum transfer dependence of the slopes of the spin-non-flip and spin-flip amplitudes is analyzed. It is shown that the long tail of the hadronic potential in impact parameter space leads, for hadron-hadron interactions, to a larger value of the slope for the reduced spin-flip amplitude than for the spin-non-flip amplitude. It is also shown that the preliminary measurement of A(N) obtained by the E950 Collaboration confirms such behavior of the hadron spin-flip amplitude. [less ▲]

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