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See detailEvaluation expérimentale de la fonction pulmonaire chez le porc
Halloy, D.; Cambier, Carole ULg; Kirschvink, N. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2004), (148), 91-96

This synthesis aims to review the pulmonary function tests available in swine. Two techniques are used in order to measure the variations of the mechanical properties of the respiratory system. The ... [more ▼]

This synthesis aims to review the pulmonary function tests available in swine. Two techniques are used in order to measure the variations of the mechanical properties of the respiratory system. The oesophageal balloon remains the most used technique in order to determine these properties in pigs. However, it requires a systematic anaesthesia of the animal. The impulse oscillometry specifically measures the mechanical properties of the respiratory system, by a non invasive way, but the animals have to be trained to be immobilized or sedated to perform the measurement. The whole body arometric plethysmography allows measuring the respiratory pattern in unsedated freely moving piglets. That method allows investigating pigs for long term studies while minimizing the stress related to handling. From this point of view, it represents the less stressing technique for pigs. Finally, blood gases analysis is the easiest method to use in the field. It permits to assess respiratory function by measuring pH and blood partial pressures in oxygen and carbon dioxide [less ▲]

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See detailEpidémiosurveillance des événements rares chez les bovins en Belgique
Saegerman, Claude ULg

Doctoral thesis (2004)

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See detailMuscular imbalance and acute lower extremity muscle injuries in sport
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg

in International SportMed Journal (2004), 5(3), 169-176

Investigating factors associated with muscle strains highlight the multifactorial origin of the injury and the difficulty of identifying isolated or combined factors that caused the injury. Among the ... [more ▼]

Investigating factors associated with muscle strains highlight the multifactorial origin of the injury and the difficulty of identifying isolated or combined factors that caused the injury. Among the numerous causes reported in the literature, only a few have been scientifically associated with injury occurrence, while others have been empirically suggested. Contradictions in articles dealing with muscle strength and imbalance are frequent, and are probably the result of differences in methodology and criteria for patient inclusion. Imbalance in muscle strength commonly refers to abnormal bilateral asymmetry (between homologous groups) and a disruption of the agonist-antagonist ratio. Some authors who focus on a history of hamstring or adductor strains have demonstrated the frequent abnormality of muscle strength and balance by means of isokinetic assessment. Mixed ratios, combining the eccentric performance of “decelerating” muscles (such as the hamstrings) and the concentric performance of “mobiliser” muscles (such as the quadriceps) are suggested and seem relevant. An increased emphasis on eccentric strengthening exercises, particularly for the hamstrings, and ratio correction on the basis of statistically selected cut-offs, significantly reduces the recurrence rate of the injury and lingering complaints upon return-to-sport. Similarly, isokinetic interventions, as a preseason screening tool in sports where there is a high rate of muscle strain injuries, could detect imbalances early and thus promote a preventive strategy. [less ▲]

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See detailChèvremont, Chyvecourt et Chaudfontaine: histoire d'une configuration toponymique
Boutier, Marie-Guy ULg

in Bulletin de la Commission Royale de Toponymie et de Dialectologie = Handelingen van de Koninklijke Commissie voor Toponymie en Dialectologie (2004), 76

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See detailPresentation of neuroendocrine self in the thymus: toward a novel type of vaccine/immunotherapy
Geenen, Vincent ULg; Brilot, Fabienne; Hansenne, Isabelle et al

in Drug Design Reviews - Online (2004), 1

Slightly after the emergence some 400 millions years ago of the first signs of adaptive immune response, tolerogenic pathways developed in order to preserve the integrity of self from potential autoimmune ... [more ▼]

Slightly after the emergence some 400 millions years ago of the first signs of adaptive immune response, tolerogenic pathways developed in order to preserve the integrity of self from potential autoimmune toxicity. Amongst those tolerogenic pathways, the thymus occupies a central place both by deleting self-reactive T cells that are produced in the thymus during random recombination of gene segments encoding the variable parts of the T-cell receptor for antigen (TCR) (negative selection), and by generating self-antigen specific regulatory T cells (Tr). A repertoire of neuroendocrine-related genes are transcribed by thymic stromal cells — epithelial and ‘nurse’ cells (TEC/TNC), dendritic cells (DC) and macrophages (MF) — in such a way that a dominant protein precursor is expressed in the thymus environment. Oxytocin (OT) and neurokinin A (NKA) are the dominant thymic precursors for the neurohypophysial hormone and tachykinin families, respectively. With regard to the insulin gene family, all members are transcribed following a precise cell topography and hierarchy in the profile of gene expression: IGF2 (TEC/TNC) > IGF1 (MF) >> INS (medullary TEC and/or DC). This hierarchy implies that IGF-2 is more tolerated than IGF-1, and much more than Insulin (Ins). The low level of INS transcription in the thymus also explains why Ins displays immunogenic properties, as well as the significant prevalence (±40%) of anti-Ins autoantibodies in the general population. Ins administration failed in providing tolerance or protection toward islet ß cells in type 1 diabetes (T1D). In contrast, the presentation of IGF-2 B11-25, the homologous sequence of Ins B9-23, to peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) isolated from DQ8+ T1D adolescents significantly increases IL-10 secretion and IL10 expression. Given the potent regulatory/suppressive properties of IL-10 on the autoimmune response toward islet ß cells, these data support that IGF-2 derived sequences constitute a strong basis for the development of an antigen-specific driven tolerogenic approach for T1D prevention and/or cure. [less ▲]

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See detailLe jardin de Lucia Radochonska. Note sur la photographie comme art de la présence
Havelange, Carl ULg

in Cahiers Internationaux de Symbolisme (2004), 107-108-109

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See detail1903-2003. Cent ans de géographie à l’Université de Liège : changements et permanences
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2004), (44), 125-127

Address of the 100th anniversary of the Institute of Geography, University of Liege

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See detailGaius, professeur de droit et jurisconsulte
Gerkens, Jean-François ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2004), (2004/3), 443-449

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See detailRégime alimentaire hivernal du busard des roseaux, Circus aeruginosus dans les marais de Brouage (Charente Maritime)
Ingenbleek, Aude; Cuisin, J.; Libois, Roland ULg et al

in Annales de la Société des Sciences Naturelles de la Charente-Maritime (2004), 9(4), 389-398

The diet of European marsh harrier was studied from 555 pellets collected in the Marais de Brouage (Charente-Maritime) during four winters distributed over a 17 years period (1985-86 / 2001-02). A total ... [more ▼]

The diet of European marsh harrier was studied from 555 pellets collected in the Marais de Brouage (Charente-Maritime) during four winters distributed over a 17 years period (1985-86 / 2001-02). A total of 1074 prey items (70 taxa) were identified. The mammals are the most numerous (62.6%); three rodents represent half of the prey. The increase of coypu (Myocastor coypus) is the most important interannual variation, they currently represent more than the thrid of the prey [less ▲]

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See detailThe Patriarchal Family. Domestic Ideology in "The Family of Man"
Mélon, Marc-Emmanuel ULg

in SCHMIDT-LISENHOFF, Viktoria; BACK, Jean (Eds.) The Family of Man 1955-2001. Humanismus und Postmoderne : Eine Revision von Edward Steichens Fotoausstellung (2004)

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See detailLes obstacles épistémologiques dans l'évolution de la pensée transformiste.
Mignon, Jacques ULg; Gaspar, Charles

in Probio-Revue (2004), 3

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See detailSuspension provisoire de l'exécution d'une ordonnance autorisant une saisie en matière de contrefaçon : compétence et procédure.
Boularbah, Hakim ULg

in Revue de Droit Commercial Belge [= RDC] = Tijdschrift voor Belgisch Handelsrecht [=TBH] (2004)

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See detailChronique de la 58ème Session de la Société Internationale Fernand de Visscher au Brésil (20-25 Septembre 2004)
Gerkens, Jean-François ULg

in Revue Internationale des Droits de l'Antiquité [= RIDA] (2004), LI

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See detailCompromiso motor y participation en actividades fisicas y desportivas extraescolar: comparacion del alumnado en relacion con su habilidad
Piéron, Maurice; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Gonzalez Valeiro, M. A.; Sanchez Molina, J. A.; Gomez Varela, J. (Eds.) Preparacion professional y necesidades socials (Educacion fisica, deporte, ocio, tercera edad, salud...). Proceedings of the AIESEP International Congress La Coruña 2002 (2004)

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See detailEtude de la consolidation du béton frais sur base de la porosité à l'état durci
Willem; Darimont, Anne ULg; Degeimbre, Robert et al

in Courard, Luc (Ed.) Compte-rendu des Journées Scinetifiques du (RF)2B (2004)

La consolidation est le terme qui désigne la sédimentation des grains dans les suspensions très denses comme le béton. Le resserrement du squelette granulaire du béton frais entraîne une exsudation d’eau ... [more ▼]

La consolidation est le terme qui désigne la sédimentation des grains dans les suspensions très denses comme le béton. Le resserrement du squelette granulaire du béton frais entraîne une exsudation d’eau qui s’accumule à la surface de l’échantillon, formant la couche d’eau de ressuage. Cette migration de l’eau est à l’origine de nombreux défauts dans le béton qui mettent en péril sa durabilité. Le but de ce travail est de mettre en évidence l’existence d’une relation entre le ressuage et la porosité à l’état durci du béton. [less ▲]

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See detailLes forces centrifuges de la mobilité facilitée, le système des quotidiennetés urbaines et la recomposition des espaces urbains
Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

in Montulet, B.; Kaufmann, V. (Eds.) Mobilités, fluidités... libertés ? (2004)

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See detailLe Haricot-igname Africain (Sphenostylis stenocarpa (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Harms) : une légumineuse à graines et à tubercules sous-exploitée
Baudoin, Jean-Pierre ULg; Kamion Ngansia, F.

in Troupeaux et Cultures des Tropiques (2004), II(IV), 44-46

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