Publications ORBi OA
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCommensal vs. parasitic relationship between Carapini fish and their hosts: some further insight through delta C-13 and delta N-15 measurements
Parmentier, Eric ULg; Das, Krishna ULg

in Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology (2004), 310(1),

In the Moorea Lagoon (French Polynesia), the pearlfish Carapus boraborensis, Carapus homei, Campus mourlani and Encheliophis gracilis are generally found inside echinoderm hosts such as the holothurian ... [more ▼]

In the Moorea Lagoon (French Polynesia), the pearlfish Carapus boraborensis, Carapus homei, Campus mourlani and Encheliophis gracilis are generally found inside echinoderm hosts such as the holothurian Bohadschia argus and the starfish Culcita novaeguineae. At the end of their larval stage, these fish settle on the reef and directly enter their echinoderm host where they undergo an important metamorphosis. The aim of this study was to get further insight on the type of symbiosis (commensal vs. parasite) between these fish and their hosts. delta(15)N and delta(13)C measurements were determined in the tissues of invertebrate hosts (holothurians and starfish) and carapids (larvae, juveniles and adults). The obtained isotopic signatures reveal different kinds of associations: metamorphosing larvae, juveniles and adults of C. boraborensis and C. homei do not feed at all oil host holothurian tissues, C mourlani and its asterian host display a commensal relationship without any feeding association, while E. gracilis is likely to feed on the tissue of the holothurian. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 88 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNovel RGD-like molecules based on the tyrosine template design, synthesis, and biological evaluation on isolated integrins alpha(V)beta/alpha(IIb)beta(3) and in cellular adhesion tests
Biltresse, S.; Attolini, M.; Dive, Georges ULg et al

in Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry (2004), 12(20), 5379-5393

RGD (Arg-Gly-Asp) peptidomimetics have been designed for covalent anchorage on biomaterials. The tyrosine template was thus equipped with (i) a basic side chain of various flexibility, (ii) an acidic side ... [more ▼]

RGD (Arg-Gly-Asp) peptidomimetics have been designed for covalent anchorage on biomaterials. The tyrosine template was thus equipped with (i) a basic side chain of various flexibility, (ii) an acidic side chain, which incorporated the XPS fluorine tag, and (iii) a spacer-arm terminated by a primary amine for surface grafting. The most active compounds showed IC50 values in the nanomolar range versus isolated human integrins alpha(v)beta(3) and alpha(IIb)beta(3). Preincubation of CaCo2 cells with soluble peptidomimetics (2 and 19a) prevented cellular adhesion on culture plates coated with vitronectin. On the other hand, peptidomimetics (19a and 19b) immobilized on a poly(ethylene)terephthalate membrane (PET) promoted CaCo2 cells adhesion. A modeling study at the ab initio level in MINI-1' basis allowed to compare the various synthetic ligands of integrins and to propose novel pharmacophore structures. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailForecast verification of a 3D model of the Mediterranean Sea. Analysis of model results and observations using wavelets and Empirical Orthogonal Functions.
Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg

Doctoral thesis (2004)

The quality assessment of the three-dimensional GHER (GeoHydrodynamics and Environmental Research) model of the Mediterranean Sea is presented in this work. The verification of the model results is done ... [more ▼]

The quality assessment of the three-dimensional GHER (GeoHydrodynamics and Environmental Research) model of the Mediterranean Sea is presented in this work. The verification of the model results is done in a spatio-temporal approach. Traditional error measures (i.e. correlation, mean error, etc) are very useful to assess the quality of a model, but they do not take into account the high complexity of three-dimensional models. The verification process is thus done in three main parts: first, the model is compared to observations and climatology in a qualitative approach, in order to make a preliminar study about the model behaviour. Then, the error assessment is done, using traditional statistic measures. In order to take into account the complexity of the model and observations, the last step in the verification process consists in a spatio-temporal analysis using wavelets and empirical orthogonal functions. This last analysis will allow us to have an insight about the model quality in a more detailed way. This verification process has been applied to the GHER model. This model is implemented in a two-way nesting approach in the Mediterranean Sea, Liguro-Provençal basin and Ligurian Sea, where the highest resolution is reached. Assimilation of sea surface temperature and sea level anomaly is made during a nine-week experiment. Another test is carried out, to assess the quality of sea surface temperature from the SOFT predictor of the Ligurian Sea. The predicted sea surface temperature is assimilated in the model and the quality of the forecast is compared to the first assimilation experiment. The assimilation of the SOFT statistical predictors can be very useful to force models in a real forecast experiment, where no observations are available. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'évaluation comme facteur de cohésion d'un partenariat local intersectoriel
Vandoorne, Chantal ULg; Nicolet, Maryline; Leva, Chantal et al

Conference (2004, October 12)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (11 ULg)
Full Text
See detailDe la motivation au décrochage sportif
Cloes, Marc ULg

Scientific conference (2004, October 10)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLe financement des cultes et de la laïcité en Belgique
Husson, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2004, October 08)

Présentation des canaux du financement public des cultes et de la laïcité organisée en Belgique, avec montants concernés et répartition entre courants convictionnels.

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (9 ULg)
Full Text
See detailUn autre mode de financement des cultes et de la laïcité est-il possible ?
Husson, Jean-François ULg; Lahaye, Jérôme; Dury, Julie

Conference (2004, October 08)

Cette présentation fait le relevé de diverses propositions visant à modifier le mode d'organisation et/ou de financement des cultes en Belgique.

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGSK3-Mediated BCL-3 phosphorylation modulates its degradation and its oncogenicity
Viatour, Patrick ULg; Dejardin, Emmanuel ULg; Warnier, Michael et al

in Molecular Cell (2004), 16(1), 35-45

The oncoprotein BCL-3 is a nuclear transcription factor that activates NF-kappaB target genes through formation of heterocomplexes with p50 or p52. BCL-3 is phosphorylated in vivo, but specific BCL-3 ... [more ▼]

The oncoprotein BCL-3 is a nuclear transcription factor that activates NF-kappaB target genes through formation of heterocomplexes with p50 or p52. BCL-3 is phosphorylated in vivo, but specific BCL-3 kinases have not been identified so far. In this report, we show that BCL-3 is a substrate for the protein kinase GSK3 and that GSK3-mediated BCL-3 phosphorylation, which is inhibited by Akt activation, targets its degradation through the proteasome pathway. This phosphorylation modulates its association with HDAC1, -3, and -6 and attenuates its oncogenicity by selectively controlling the expression of a subset of newly identified target genes such as SLPI and CxcI1. Our results therefore suggest that constitutive BCL-3 phosphorylation by GSK3 regulates BCL-3 turnover and transcriptional activity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAirborne hyperspectral measurements and superficial soil organic matter
Touré, Souleymane; Tychon, Bernard ULg

in Proceedings of the Airborne Imaging Spectroscopy Workshop (2004, October 08)

Data acquired from field campaign and hyperspectral airborne sensors were processed to determine the surface soil organic matter of an agricultural area located in Southern Belgium. The method adopted was ... [more ▼]

Data acquired from field campaign and hyperspectral airborne sensors were processed to determine the surface soil organic matter of an agricultural area located in Southern Belgium. The method adopted was based on a forward stepwise multiple linear regression analysis linking soil organic matter and hyperspectral data from the CASI-2 (Compact Spectrographic Imager-2) airborne sensor working in the visible and near infrared domain. The results were validated successfully from an independent set of sampling points. However, disturbing factors effects are shown on the relationship between soil organic matter and spectral reflectance. It is concluded that the hyperspectral remote sensing approach is promising for soil organic matter prediction but it will require more study to better take account on the disturbing factors affecting the relationship. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCan hyperspectral techniques improve estimates of carbon stocks in agricultural soils ?
Stevens, A.; van Wesemael, B.; Touré, Souleymane et al

in Proceedings of the Airborne imaging spectroscopy workshop : Belspo, Bruges 8 octobre 2004 (2004, October 08)

Soil organic carbon (SOC) represents one of the major pools in the global carbon cycle. However, fluxes of CO2 from soils into the atmosphere by respiration or inversely sequestration of CO2 through ... [more ▼]

Soil organic carbon (SOC) represents one of the major pools in the global carbon cycle. However, fluxes of CO2 from soils into the atmosphere by respiration or inversely sequestration of CO2 through photosynthesis and subsequent immobilisation in the form of humus are difficult to quantify. In principle changes in SOC stock over time reflect CO2 fluxes. The detection of these stock changes, however, require intensive sampling mainly due to the large spatial variability of SOC both within individual fields and larger units with similar soils and land use. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the potential of airborne-hyperspectral techniques using a CASI sensor and hand held Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) with an ASD spectrometer to conduct SOC inventories of individual parcels. During a field campaign in the Belgian Ardennes during Octobre 2003, more than 120 sites on a regular grid within 13 freshly ploughed fields were selected. At these sites, field spectra of the bare soil have been measured and samples from the topsoil were taken. SOC content (Walkley and Black), soil moisture and bulk density of these samples have been determined. As a first step, the soil reflectance has been transformed (log (1/R), Savitsky-Golay smoothing and derivative, gap derivative, moving average) in order to filter the spectral responses and to eliminate noise. Then, we used both stepwise and partial least square (PLS) regression analysis to relate these spectra to measured SOC contents. Regression models performed much better when the data were divided in two sub-groups representing different moisture conditions of the soil surface. These statistical model calibrations were validated on an independent data set. Standard Error of Prediction (SEP) ranged from 0.19 to 0.24 % carbon for the field spectra determined using the ASD depending on soil moisture of the surface layer. This is a little bit more than the reproducibility error inherent to the Walkley and Black analysis. Airborne CASI techniques performed less well mainly due to the narrow spectral range. Tests on airborne CASI+SASI hyperspectral data from a previous field campaign [1] showed better results. Overall, low bias allowed the use of spectral techniques to estimate population means with a high confidence level. The spectral techniques have a strong potential in determining changes in carbon tock change studies. The large within field variability of SOC content precludes the assessment, using conventional soil sampling, of SOC changes as a result of management (1 t C ha-1 yr-1) over a reasonable time period (5 years). Depending on the variance of the SOC content measured in the field ( 2 = 11-166 t C ha-1), we need 16-210 samples to detect a change. Since this number of samples is rarely available for individual fields, conventional sampling methods can only be used for larger spatial units containing many fields. In contrast, the airborne-hyperspectral technique and portable NIRS are able to supply these large amounts of data, and can thus improve the accuracy of SOC stock assessments of individual fields. This in turn will result in a smaller detection limit of SOC stock changes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailElectrodeposition of mixed adherent thin films of poly(ethyl acrylate) and polyacrylonitrile onto nickel
Baute, Noëlle; Geskin, Victor M; Lazzaroni, Roberto et al

in e-Polymers (2004), (63), 1-20

Adherent thin polymer films have been prepared by sequential electrodeposition of ethyl acrylate (EA) and acrylonitrile (AN) onto nickel. Their composition has been studied by IR spectroscopy and time of ... [more ▼]

Adherent thin polymer films have been prepared by sequential electrodeposition of ethyl acrylate (EA) and acrylonitrile (AN) onto nickel. Their composition has been studied by IR spectroscopy and time of flight-secondary ion mass spectrometry. Morphology and thickness have been analyzed by atomic force microscopy and ellipsometry, respectively, and compared to single component films of PEA and PAN. No microphase separation was detected in the mixed PEA/PAN films. These show a granular morphology comparable to that of PAN films. The grains contain the two constitutive polymers, as confirmed by the selective thermal degradation of PEA. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAbundance analysis of targets for the COROT/MONS asteroseismology missions. II. Abundance analysis of the COROT main targets
Bruntt, H.; Bikmaev, I. F.; Catala, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2004), 425

One of the goals of the ground-based support program for the COROT and MONS/RÖMER satellite missions is to characterize suitable target stars for the part of the missions dedicated to asteroseismology. We ... [more ▼]

One of the goals of the ground-based support program for the COROT and MONS/RÖMER satellite missions is to characterize suitable target stars for the part of the missions dedicated to asteroseismology. We present the detailed abundance analysis of nine of the potential COROT main targets using the semi-automatic software VWA. For two additional COROT targets we could not perform the analysis due to the high rotational velocity of these stars. For five stars with low rotational velocity we have also performed abundance analysis by a classical equivalent width method in order to test the reliability of the VWA software. The agreement between the different methods is good. We find that it is necessary to measure abundances extracted from each line relative to the abundances found from a spectrum of the Sun in order to remove systematic errors. We have constrained the global atmospheric parameters T[SUB]eff[/SUB], log g, and [Fe/H] to within 70-100 K, 0.1-0.2 dex, and 0.1 dex for five stars which are slow rotators (v sin i < 15 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP]). For most of the stars we find good agreement with the parameters found from line depth ratios, H alpha lines, Strömgren indices, previous spectroscopic studies, and also log g determined from the HIPPARCOS parallaxes. For the fast rotators (v sin i > 60 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP]) it is not possible to constrain the atmospheric parameters. Based on observations obtained with the 193 cm telescope at Observatoire de Haute Provence, France. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailDarwin-GENIE: a nulling instrument at the VLTI
Gondoin, Philippe A; Absil, Olivier ULg; den Hartog, Roland H et al

in Traub, Wesley (Ed.) New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry (2004, October 01)

Darwin is one of the most challenging space projects ever considered by the European Space Agency (ESA). Its principal objectives are to detect Earth-like planets around nearby stars and to characterise ... [more ▼]

Darwin is one of the most challenging space projects ever considered by the European Space Agency (ESA). Its principal objectives are to detect Earth-like planets around nearby stars and to characterise their atmospheres. Darwin is conceived as a space "nulling interferometer" which makes use of on-axis destructive interferences to extinguish the stellar light while keeping the off-axis signal of the orbiting planet. Within the frame of the Darwin program, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO) intend to build a ground-based technology demonstrator called GENIE (Ground based European Nulling Interferometry Experiment). Such a ground-based demonstrator built around the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) in Paranal will test some of the key technologies required for the Darwin Infrared Space Interferometer. It will demonstrate that nulling interferometry can be achieved in a broad mid-IR band as a precursor to the next phase of the Darwin program. The instrument will operate in the L' band around 3.8 mum, where the thermal emission from the telescopes and the atmosphere is reduced. GENIE will be able to operate in two different configurations, i.e. either as a single Bracewell nulling interferometer or as a double-Bracewell nulling interferometer with an internal modulation scheme. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailThermal background fluctuations at 10 micron measured with VLTI/MIDI
Absil, Olivier ULg; Bakker, Eric; Schoeller, Markus et al

in Traub, Wesley; Monnier, John; Schöller, Markus (Eds.) New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry (2004, October 01)

We present an experiment to measure the thermal background level and its fluctuations with the European Southern Observatory (ESO) Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI). The Mid Infrared Instrument ... [more ▼]

We present an experiment to measure the thermal background level and its fluctuations with the European Southern Observatory (ESO) Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI). The Mid Infrared Instrument (MIDI) operating between 8 and 12 micron was used in both dispersed and non-dispersed modes. By using an interferometric instrument, in non-interferometric mode, we probe the same optical path as can be expected for other infrared interferometric instruments, e.g. GENIE and MIDI itself. Most of the infrared thermal background detected with MIDI originates from the VLTI infrastructure. This can be attributed to the absence of a pupil re-imaging mirror. Only for a small region around the optical axis of the system the signal from the VLTI infrastructure can be considered small and the atmospheric background fluctuations can be characterized. The fluctuations of the thermal emission are described in terms of their power spectral densities (PSD). We have identified two regions in the PSD. For the low frequency range (0-10 Hz) the fluctuations are dominated by the Earth atmosphere. The slope of the log-log PSD is close to -1. For the high frequency (larger than 10 Hz) range the fluctuations are due to photon noise and the PSD flattens off. Many narrow peaks are present in the PSD. Peaks at 1 and 50 Hz occur in almost all data sets and are identified as the effects of the MIDI closed cycle cooler and the power lines respectively. Other peaks at 10 and 30 Hz, as well as peaks above 50 Hz, are assumed to be VLTI or MIDI-specific frequencies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailThree telescope nuller based on multibeam injection into single-mode waveguide
Karlsson, Anders L; Wallner, Oswald; Perdigues Armengol, Josep M et al

in Traub, Wesley (Ed.) New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry (2004, October 01)

Nulling interferometry of exo-solar planets requires as a minimum two telescopes, of which one is phase shifted by 180 degrees, such that the on-axis stellar object is cancelled, while the light from the ... [more ▼]

Nulling interferometry of exo-solar planets requires as a minimum two telescopes, of which one is phase shifted by 180 degrees, such that the on-axis stellar object is cancelled, while the light from the off-axis planet interferes constructively. Improvement of the nulling performance and the introduction of chopping leads to space interferometers of four or more telescopes and a separate spacecraft dedicated to beam recombination, as currently baselined for Darwin and TPF. It has recently been demonstrated that the stellar leaks mainly affects the integration times for near-by target stars [o,c]. Considering that there are only a few near-by targets and that the integrations times for each of these is short compared to that of distant stars, it appears advantageous to simplify the interferometer, by accepting higher levels of stellar leaks for near-by targets. A simple, chopping nulling interferometer can be obtained by adding one equal size telescope to the basic two telescope nulling interferometer. Modulation is obtained by applying time-varying phase-shifts to the beams before recombination, i.e. inherent modulation [d]. The recombination of 3 multi-axial beams is achieved by coupling into a single mode waveguide, leading to high modulation and coupling efficiencies, and a single focal plane [i]. Linear and circular telescope configurations are proposed and investigated, including a discussion on the need of a separate spacecraft for beam recombination. The associated transmission and modulation maps and efficiencies are calculated and discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailThe simulated detection of low-mass companions with GENIE
den Hartog, Roland H; Absil, Olivier ULg; Gondoin, Philippe A et al

in Traub, Wesley; Monnier, John; Schöller, Markus (Eds.) New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry (2004, October 01)

The prime objective of GENIE (Ground-based European Nulling Interferometry Experiment) is to obtain experience with the design, construction and operation of an IR nulling interferometer, as a preparation ... [more ▼]

The prime objective of GENIE (Ground-based European Nulling Interferometry Experiment) is to obtain experience with the design, construction and operation of an IR nulling interferometer, as a preparation for the DARWIN / TPF mission. In this context, the detection of a planet orbiting another star would provide an excellent demonstration of nulling interferometry. Doing this through the atmosphere, however, is a formidable task. In this paper we assess the prospects of detecting with nulling interferometry on ESO's VLTI, low-mass companions in orbit around their parent stars. With the GENIE science simulator (GENIEsim) we can model realistic detection scenarios for the GENIE instrument operating in the VLTI environment, and derive detailed requirements on control-loop performance, IR background subtraction and the accuracy of the photometry calibration. We analyse the technical feasibility of several scenarios for the detection of low-mass companions in the L'-band. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailInfluence of atmospheric turbulence on the performance and design of GENIE
Absil, Olivier ULg; den Hartog, Roland; Gondoin, Philippe et al

in Traub, Wesley; Monnier, John; Schöller, Markus (Eds.) New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry (2004, October 01)

Two competitive design studies for the Ground-based European Nulling Interferometer Experiment (GENIE) have been initiated by the European Space Agency and the European Southern Observatory in November ... [more ▼]

Two competitive design studies for the Ground-based European Nulling Interferometer Experiment (GENIE) have been initiated by the European Space Agency and the European Southern Observatory in November 2003. The GENIE instrument will most probably consist of a two-telescope Bracewell interferometer, using the 8-m Unit Telescopes and/or the 1.8-m Auxiliary Telescopes of the VLTI, and working in the infrared L' band (3.5 - 4.1 microns). A critical issue affecting the overall performance of the instrument is its capability to compensate for the phase and intensity fluctuations produced by the atmospheric turbulence. In this paper, we present the basic principles of phase and intensity control by means of real-time servo loops in the context of GENIE. We then propose a preliminary design for these servo loops and estimate their performance using GENIEsim, the science simulation software for the GENIE instrument. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSolar Model with CNO Revised Abundances
Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Miglio, Andrea ULg; Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg et al

in Danesy, D. (Ed.) Proceedings of the SOHO 14 / GONG 2004 Workshop (ESA SP-559). "Helio- and Asteroseismology: Towards a Golden Future" (2004, October 01)

Recent three-dimensional, NLTE analyses of the solar spectrum have shown a significant reduction in the C, N, O and Ne abundances leading to a Z/X ratio of the order of 0.0177. We have computed solar ... [more ▼]

Recent three-dimensional, NLTE analyses of the solar spectrum have shown a significant reduction in the C, N, O and Ne abundances leading to a Z/X ratio of the order of 0.0177. We have computed solar models with this new mixture in the OPAL opacity tables. The present He abundance we find seems rather consistent with the helioseismic value. However, the convective envelope is too shallow, and diffusion, even if it reduces the discrepancy, is not able to give the current value. We present some numerical experiments consisting in changing the diffusion velocities and/or the value of opacity at the base of the convective envelope. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailTheoretical Instability Strips and Non-Adiabatic Photometric Observables for d Scut and g DOR Stars
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Grigahcène, A.; Garrido, R. et al

in SOHO 14 Helio- and Asteroseismology: Towards a Golden Future (2004, October 01)

Not Available

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailConvection-Oscillations Interaction in F-G Type Main Sequence Stars
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Grigahcène, A.; Garrido, R. et al

in SOHO 14 Helio- and Asteroseismology: Towards a Golden Future (2004, October 01)

Not Available

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (4 ULg)