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See detailContribution to the phylogeography of the garden dormouse (Eliomys quercinus)
Libois, Roland ULg; Michaux, J; Ramalhinho, Maria da Graça et al

in Macholan, Milos; Bryja, Josef; Zima, Jan (Eds.) European Mammalogy 2003 (2003, July)

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See detailL’apparition de l’imprimerie : aperçu et perspective
Adam, Renaud ULg

Article for general public (2003)

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See detailInfection néonatale précoce à Streptocoques B
MELIN, Pierrette ULg

in Ministère de la Communauté Française, Direction Générale de la Santé (Ed.) Stratégies de contrôle de maladies transmissibles (2003)

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See detailInfection néonatale tardive à streptocoques B
MELIN, Pierrette ULg

in Ministère de la Communauté Française, Direction générale de la Santé (Ed.) Stratégies de contrôle de maladies transmissibles (2003)

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See detailPrevention of Perinatal Group B Streptococcal Infections - Guidelines from the Belgian Health Council, 2003 (SHC.7721)
Working party of experts, Superior Health Concil; Dubois, J. J.; MELIN, Pierrette ULg et al

Book published by Superior Health Council (2003)

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See detailPrévention des Infections Périnatales à Streptocoquues du groupe B - Recommandations du Conseil Supérieur d'Hygiène, N° 7721
Groupe de travail d'experts, Conseil Supérieur de la Santé; Dubois, J. J.; MELIN, Pierrette ULg et al

Book published by Conseil Supérieur d'Hygiène (2003)

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See detailCold adaptation of a psychrophilic chitinase: a mutagenesis study
Mavromatis, K.; Feller, Georges ULg; Kokkinidis, M. et al

in Protein Engineering (2003), 16(7), 497-503

The gene encoding chitinase ArChiB from the Antarctic Arthrobacter sp. TAD20 has been expressed in Escherichia coli and the recombinant enzyme purified to homogeneity. In an effort to engineer cold ... [more ▼]

The gene encoding chitinase ArChiB from the Antarctic Arthrobacter sp. TAD20 has been expressed in Escherichia coli and the recombinant enzyme purified to homogeneity. In an effort to engineer cold-adapted biocatalysts through rational redesign to operate at elevated temperatures, we performed several mutations aiming to increase the rigidity of the molecular edifice of the selected psychrophilic chitinase. The mutations were designed on the basis of a homology-based three-dimensional model of the enzyme, and included an attempt to introduce a salt bridge (mutant N198K) and replacements of selected Gly residues by either Pro (mutants G93P, G254P) or Gln (G406Q). Mutant N198K resulted in a more stable protein (DeltaT(m)=0.6degreesC). Mutant G93P exhibited a DeltaT(m) of 1.2degreesC, while mutants G254P and G406Q exhibited decreased stability. We conclude that the effect of mutating Gly residues on enzyme stability is rather complex and can only be understood in the context of the structural environment. Kinetic and spectroscopic analysis of these enzyme variants revealed that the kinetic parameters k(cat) and K-m have been significantly modified. [less ▲]

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See detailDébattre de l'intégration en France et en Belgique
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

in Hommes & Migrations (2003), 1244

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See detailNF-kappa B2/p100 induces Bcl-2 expression
Viatour, Patrick ULg; Bentires-Alj, Mohamed; Chariot, Alain ULg et al

in Leukemia (2003), 17(7), 1349-1356

The NF-kappaB2/p100 and bcl-3 genes are involved in chromosomal translocations described in chronic lymphocytic leukemias (CLL) and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, and nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) protects ... [more ▼]

The NF-kappaB2/p100 and bcl-3 genes are involved in chromosomal translocations described in chronic lymphocytic leukemias (CLL) and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, and nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) protects cancer cells against apoptosis. Therefore, we investigated whether this transcription factor could modulate the expression of the Bcl-2 antiapoptotic protein. Bcl-2 promoter analysis showed multiple putative NF-kappaB binding sites. Transfection assays of bcl-2 promoter constructs in HCT116 cells showed that NF-kappaB can indeed transactivate bcl-2. We identified a kappaB site located at position -180 that can only be bound and transactivated by p50 or p52 homodimers. As p50 and p52 homodimers are devoid of any transactivating domains, we showed that they can transactivate the bcl-2 promoter through association with Bcl-3. We also observed that stable overexpression of p100 and its processed product p52 can induce endogenous Bcl-2 expression in MCF7AZ breast cancer cells. Finally, we demonstrated that, in breast cancer and leukemic cells ( CLL), high NF-kappaB2/p100 expression was associated with high Bcl-2 expression. Our data suggest that Bcl-2 could be an in vivo target gene for NF-kappaB2/p100. [less ▲]

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See detailPhonological short-term memory networks following recovery from Landau and Kleffner syndrome
Majerus, Steve ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg; Collette, Fabienne ULg et al

in Human Brain Mapping (2003), 19(3), 133-144

Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS) is a rare acquired aphasia occurring in otherwise healthy children, together with spike-wave discharges predominating over superior temporal regions and activated by sleep ... [more ▼]

Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS) is a rare acquired aphasia occurring in otherwise healthy children, together with spike-wave discharges predominating over superior temporal regions and activated by sleep. Although the outcome of language abilities is variable, a residual impairment in verbal short-term memory (STM) is frequent. This STM deficit might be related to the persistent dysfunction of those temporal lobe regions where epileptic discharges were observed during the active phase of the disorder. We tested this hypothesis by measuring brain activation during immediate serial recall of lists of 4 words, compared to single word repetition, using H(2) (15)O positron emission tomography (PET), in 3 LKS patients after recovery and in 14 healthy controls. The patients (TG, JPH, and DC) had shown abnormally increased or decreased glucose metabolism in left or right superior temporal gyrus (STG) at different stages during the active phase of their disease. At the time of this study, the patients were 6-10 years from the active phase of LKS. Results showed that Patients JPH and DC had impaired performance in the STM condition, whereas TG showed near normal performance. PET data showed that JPH and DC activated significantly less than controls left and right posterior STG. TG, having near normal STM performance, showed increased activity in the posterior part of the right STG. These data suggest that impaired verbal STM at late outcome of LKS might indeed be related to a persistent decrease of activity in those posterior superior temporal gyri that were involved in the epileptic focus during the active phase. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effects of happy and angry expressions on identity and expression memory for unfamiliar faces
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Comblain, Christine et al

in Cognition & Emotion (2003), 17(4), 609-622

We investigated the influence of happy and angry expressions on memory for new faces. Participants were presented with happy and angry faces in an intentional or incidental learning condition and were ... [more ▼]

We investigated the influence of happy and angry expressions on memory for new faces. Participants were presented with happy and angry faces in an intentional or incidental learning condition and were later asked to recognise the same faces displaying a neutral expression. They also had to remember what the initial expressions of the faces had been. Remember/know/guess judgements were made both for identity and expression memory. Results showed that faces were better recognised when presented with a happy rather than an angry expression, but only when learning was intentional. This was mainly due to an increase of the I remember" responses for happy faces when encoding was intentional rather than incidental. In contrast, memory for emotional expressions was not different for happy and angry faces whatever the encoding conditions. We interpret these findings according to the social meaning of emotional expressions for the self. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of an undervoltage load shedding scheme for the Hydro-Québec system
Lefebvre, Daniel; Moors, Cédric; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

(2003, July)

This paper deals with the control logic of an undervoltage, closed-loop load shedding scheme aimed at protecting the Hydro-Quebec system against long-term voltage instability. This scheme relies on a set ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with the control logic of an undervoltage, closed-loop load shedding scheme aimed at protecting the Hydro-Quebec system against long-term voltage instability. This scheme relies on a set of "if-then" rules whose parameters are determined through combinatorial optimisation, relying on the system dynamic response over a set of scenarios. Preliminary results of the above optimisation technique are given, besides a brief description of the foreseen implementation. [less ▲]

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See detailPlacental growth factor, a member of the VEGF family, contributes to the development of choroidal neovascularization
Rakic, Jean-Marie ULg; Lambert, Vincent ULg; Devy, Laetitia et al

in Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science (2003), 44(7), 3186-3193

PURPOSE. VEGF has been shown to be necessary, but not sufficient alone, for the development of subretinal pathologic angiogenesis. In the current study, the influence of placental growth factor (PIGF), a ... [more ▼]

PURPOSE. VEGF has been shown to be necessary, but not sufficient alone, for the development of subretinal pathologic angiogenesis. In the current study, the influence of placental growth factor (PIGF), a member of the VEGF family, in human and experimental choroidal neovascularization (CNV) was investigated. METHODS. The presence of VEGF family member mRNA was evaluated by RT-PCR in neovascular membranes extracted during surgery. The spatial and temporal pattern of VEGF isoforms and PIGF mRNA expression were explored by using the laser capture catapulting technique and RT-PCR in a murine laser-induced model and in vitro. PIGF expression was also studied in human donor eyes. The influence of endogenous PIGF was evaluated in deficient mice (PlGF(-/-)) and by antibody-mediated neutralization of the PIGF receptor. RESULTS. Human neovascular membranes consistently expressed VEGF-A, -B, and -C; PlGF; and VEGFR-1 and -2. The VEGF(120) isoform mRNA was primarily induced in early stages of angiogenesis in vivo and in vitro. PIGF mRNA expression was present in the intact choroid and significantly upregulated during the course of experimental CNV. Both deficient PIGF expression in PIGF(-/-) mice and PIGF receptor neutralization in wild-type mice prevented the development of choroidal neovascularization induced by laser. CONCLUSIONS. These observations demonstrate the participation of PIGF in experimental CNV. They identify therefore PIGF as an additional promising target for ocular antiangiogenic strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailTourner la page des convergences à gauche
Jacquemain, Marc ULg

in Politique : Revue de Débats (2003), 30

Analyse de la nouvelle conjoncture politique qui conduit à la défaite écologiste et au succès socialiste en 2003 : les socialistes ont davantage bénéficié de "l'alliance privilégiée" avec les écologistes ... [more ▼]

Analyse de la nouvelle conjoncture politique qui conduit à la défaite écologiste et au succès socialiste en 2003 : les socialistes ont davantage bénéficié de "l'alliance privilégiée" avec les écologistes que leur "junior partner" qui faisait sa première expérience gouvernementale. Mais en affaiblissant son probable meilleur partenaire en Belgique francophone, le PS a peut-être manoeuvré à courte vue pour des alliances futures. [less ▲]

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See detailGENIEsim: the GENIE Science Simulator
Absil, Olivier ULg

Master of advanced studies dissertation (2003)

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See detailReverse-logic control of load tap changers in emergency voltage conditions
Otomega, Bogdan; Sermanson, Vincent; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

(2003, June 26)

This papers deals with the emergency control of Load Tap Changers (LTCs) to face low transmission voltages or voltage instability situations. The proposed simple control logic consists in reverting the ... [more ▼]

This papers deals with the emergency control of Load Tap Changers (LTCs) to face low transmission voltages or voltage instability situations. The proposed simple control logic consists in reverting the tap movements once the voltage at a monitored transmission bus falls below some threshold. A deadband on this voltage allows the system to settle down in between the normal and reverse logic modes. In order to control a large number of LTCs, the latter are divided into clusters, each with its own monitored voltage. The paper also considers the control of two levels of LTCs in cascade, where proper coordination is required between the two levels. The proposed scheme has been tested on a detailed EHV-HV-MV planning model of the Western region of the French transmission system operated by RTE. Long-term time responses to major disturbances are shown to illustrate the performance of the proposed scheme. [less ▲]

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See detailOn-Line Voltage Security Assessment of the Hellenic Interconnected System
Vournas, Costas; Manos, George; Kabouris, John et al

(2003, June 26)

This paper describes the on-line Voltage Security Assessment environment developed within the framework of the EU-sponsored OMASES project, as well as its application to the Greek Interconnected Power ... [more ▼]

This paper describes the on-line Voltage Security Assessment environment developed within the framework of the EU-sponsored OMASES project, as well as its application to the Greek Interconnected Power System. The heart of all computations is a fast time-domain method. Security is analyzed with respect to power transfers in critical corridors or power consumption in load areas. Results take on the form of either precontingency secure operation limits, or post-contingency loadability limits, together with various diagnosis tips. Typical results obtained during the test phase of the project are reported. [less ▲]

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See detailOMASES: A DYNAMIC SECURITY ASSESSMENT TOOL FOR THE NEW MARKET ENVIRONMENT
Bihain, André; Cirio, Diego; Fiorina, Mario et al

(2003, June 26)

The paper presents the efforts and results of a large consortium of European Industries, Research Centers and Universities involved in an EU research project named OMASES in the field of Power System ... [more ▼]

The paper presents the efforts and results of a large consortium of European Industries, Research Centers and Universities involved in an EU research project named OMASES in the field of Power System Dynamic Security Assessment (DSA). The overall structure of an on-line DSA tool including TSA – Transient Stability Assessment, VSA – Voltage Stability Assessment, TS – Training Simulator and MS – Market Simulator is reported. Some basic assumptions and methodological aspects of the tool are presented considering its possible use within actual or future Energy Management Systems under the new electric market environment. Scenarios set up for the validation phase and results are reported with reference to the Italian test facility. [less ▲]

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See detailAccueil et accompagnement des spectateurs: Le Fan coaching
Comeron, Manuel ULg

Conference (2003, June 24)

Préparation et l’organisation de grandes manifestations sportives par les autorités locales et régionales en Europe: S’agissant de la sécurité dans et aux alentours des stades, conception et entretien des ... [more ▼]

Préparation et l’organisation de grandes manifestations sportives par les autorités locales et régionales en Europe: S’agissant de la sécurité dans et aux alentours des stades, conception et entretien des stades, coordination entre les différents services et les niveaux d’autorités impliqués (national, régional, local) ; rôle des médias dans la gestion et la prévention des crises ; rôle du personnel d’encadrement (stadiers) à l’intérieur des stades pour prévenir la violence (formation); répartition des places dans les stades (séparation des spectateurs d’équipes rivales) par un système de contrôle et de vente des billets ; Concernant l’accueil et l’accompagnement des spectateurs : encadrement des spectateurs : par des stands d’accueil des supporters visiteurs dans les villes d’accueil « Ambassades de supporters » ; par un accompagnement socio-éducatif permanent des supporters (« fan-coaching ») ; enseignements des « bonnes pratiques » diffusées dans le cadre du Réseau européen « EUROFAN » ; S’agissant de la participation de la population locale, conception associant la population locale à des animations socio-culturelles dans les villes d’accueil. [less ▲]

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