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See detailSpecificity of Inhibitory Deficits in Normal Aging and Alzheimer's Disease
Collette, Fabienne ULg; Schmidt, Christina ULg; Scherrer, Christine et al

in Neurobiology of Aging (2009), 30

Deficits of suppression abilities are frequently observed in normal aging and Alzheimer's disease. However, few studies have explored these deficits in the two populations simultaneously using a large ... [more ▼]

Deficits of suppression abilities are frequently observed in normal aging and Alzheimer's disease. However, few studies have explored these deficits in the two populations simultaneously using a large battery of tasks. The aim of the present study was to explore if the pattern of performance presented by elderly subjects and AD patients is in agreement with theoretical frameworks [Wilson, S.P., Harnishfeger, K.K., 1998. The development of efficient inhibition: Evidence from directed forgetting tasks. Dev. Rev. 18, 86-123; see also Nigg J.T., 2000. On inhibition/disinhibition in developmental psychopathology: views from cognitive and personality psychology and a working inhibition taxonomy. Psychol. Bull. 126, 220-246], distinguishing between the concepts of inhibition (a voluntary suppression of irrelevant information) and interference (an automatic suppression process occurring prior to conscious awareness). The results obtained demonstrated that (1) there is an alteration of the inhibitory process in normal elderly subjects; (2) inhibitory and interference resolution processes are quantitately less efficient in AD, since these patients present a correct performance only for information which leaves weak traces in memory. [less ▲]

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See detailA Link Between Human Behaviour and Computers' Future Behaviour
Merciadri, Luca ULg

E-print/Working paper (2009)

Many studies have been written about children's development, and their behaviours during the phases they encounter before becoming adults. Thus, some clear links can be established between children's ... [more ▼]

Many studies have been written about children's development, and their behaviours during the phases they encounter before becoming adults. Thus, some clear links can be established between children's development and A.I. future trends. We here summarize the most important comparison characteristics. [less ▲]

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See detailNovel (co)polymers by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization
Debuigne, Antoine ULg; Piette, Yasmine ULg; Poli, Rinaldo et al

Poster (2009, April 24)

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See detailThe 1958-2008 Greenland ice sheet surface mass balance variability simulated by the regional climate model MAR
Fettweis, Xavier ULg

Poster (2009, April 24)

Results made with the regional climate model MAR over 1958-2008 show a very high interannual variability of the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) surface mass balance (SMB) modelled in average to be 330 +/- 130 ... [more ▼]

Results made with the regional climate model MAR over 1958-2008 show a very high interannual variability of the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) surface mass balance (SMB) modelled in average to be 330 +/- 130 km^3/yr. To a first approximation, the SMB variability is driven by the annual precipitation anomaly minus the meltwater run-off rate variability. Sensitivity experiments carried out by the MAR model evaluate the impacts on the surface melt of (i) the summer SST around the Greenland, (ii) the snow pack temperature at the beginning of the spring, (iii) the winter snow accumulation, (iv) the solid and liquid summer precipitations and (v) the summer atmospheric circulation. This last one, by forcing the summer air temperature above the ice sheet, explains mainly the surface melt anomalies. [less ▲]

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See detailConcevoir une séquence d'apprentissage pour le 1er degré commun, le 1er degré différencié et le 2e degré de l'enseignement qualifiant. Des séquences didactiques en référence aux prescrits légaux et aux styles d'apprentissage des élèves.
Simons, Germain ULg; Delbrassine, Daniel ULg; Pagnoul, Pierre ULg et al

Learning material (2009)

Cette formation a été réalisée pour l'Institut de la Formation en Cours de Carrière (I.F.C.) et ciblait les enseignants de langues modernes. Dans le premier volet de cette formation, nous avons d'abord ... [more ▼]

Cette formation a été réalisée pour l'Institut de la Formation en Cours de Carrière (I.F.C.) et ciblait les enseignants de langues modernes. Dans le premier volet de cette formation, nous avons d'abord rappelé le cadre légal dans le domaine des langues en Communauté française de Belgique. Ensuite, nous avons comparé le programme de langues de la Communauté française à celui de l'Enseignement Libre et avons cherché à isoler un tronc commun. Enfin, nous avons présenté un canevas didactique de l'enseignement des langues étrangères qui intègre à la fois le modèle des situations-problèmes et celui de l'apprentissage expérientiel de D. Kolb. Dans le deuxième volet de cette formation, nous avons proposé aux participants de découvrir leur style d'apprentissage dominant. Dans le troisième volet, nous avons présenté deux plans de séquences didactiques basés sur ce canevas didactique expérientiel des situations problèmes. Enfin, nous avons clôturé cette journée de formation par une activité d'appropriation des acquis de la formation. [less ▲]

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See detailThe 1958-2008 Greenland ice sheet surface melt and the mid-tropospheric atmospheric circulation
Fettweis, Xavier ULg

Conference (2009, April 23)

With the aim to study the impact of the mid-tropospheric circulation on the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) surface melt simulated by the regional climate model MAR, we developed an automatic Circulation Type ... [more ▼]

With the aim to study the impact of the mid-tropospheric circulation on the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) surface melt simulated by the regional climate model MAR, we developed an automatic Circulation Type Classification (CTC) based on the 500hPa geopotential height from reanalyses over the period 1958-2008. This CTC shows that the dominant mode of the regional atmospheric summer variability around the GrIS is linked to the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and that the surface melt anomalies are highly correlated to the general circulation. It explains notably why a record surface melt was observed during the summers 2007 and 2008. In addition, the climate conditions occurring the 27th August of 2003, where the GrIS temperature was 10°C higher than the normal, were the consequence of an almost unique 500 hPa circulation in the 50 last years. [less ▲]

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See detailCarences alimentaires et pathologies endocriniennes associèes à la grossesse
VALDES SOCIN, Hernan Gonzalo ULg

Scientific conference (2009, April 22)

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See detailAperçu du Paléozoïque de la région de Huy-Nandrin
Marion, Jean-Marc ULg; Mottequin, Bernard ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2009)

Excursion organisée dans le cadre de la campagne de révision de la Carte géologique de Wallonie et dédiée aux formations paléozoïques reconnues sur la carte géologique de Huy-Nandrin (48/3-4).

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See detailContribution à l’élaboration d’un espace commun de représentation pour l’analyse morpho-fonctionnelle du membre supérieur : application à l’articulation glénohumérale
Schwartz, Cédric ULg

Doctoral thesis (2009)

Locomotor disorders comprehension is limited by the absence of dynamic 3D imaging technology. 3D imagers give access to accurate but static information about bones morphology. On the other hand, motion ... [more ▼]

Locomotor disorders comprehension is limited by the absence of dynamic 3D imaging technology. 3D imagers give access to accurate but static information about bones morphology. On the other hand, motion analysis systems provide dynamic measures. However, these measures may be distorted by the presence of soft tissues between the bones and the skin surface. First, we study a new method for correcting soft tissues artifacts when using external markers for motion estimation. This method is based on a surfacic approach and aims to follow the deformation created by the scapula on the skin surface. A robust registration algorithm, called IMCP, is used. This algorithm, developed in previous works, has been modified and adapted to be more specific to the study context: motion analysis using external markers. The improvements concern post-processing so as to make the most of the information mutualization properties of the IMCP, a way to take into account the influence of the edges of the markers clusters, and finally the optimization of the processing time thanks to multi-threading developments. In a second time, a specific MRI protocol is developed in order to allow morpho-functional analysis. Moreover, articular coherence indicators are proposed for the glenohumeral joint. These indicators are adapted to the case of errors in motion estimation. The results show that the use of a markers cluster covering all the scapula do not allow to follow the scapula print at skin surface. Thanks to simulation studies, two hypotheses are proposed to explain these results: the noise created by the soft tissues is too significant, and / or the available skin resolution is not sufficient. The relevance of proposing markerless analysis is so emphasized. Our morpho-functional study on the glenohumeral joint shows the significant influence of the motion analysis protocol on joint coherence during bones animation. The placement of the markers on the scapula and on the humerus as well as the choice of the motion estimation algorithm have a large influence on the bony structures motion estimation. [less ▲]

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See detailEvolution of Western Mediterranean Sea Surface Temperature between 1985 and 2005
Troupin, Charles ULg; Lenartz, Fabian; Sirjacobs, Damien ULg et al

Conference (2009, April 20)

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See detailInterannual variability of CO2 fluxes and yield by a winter wheat crop (Triticum aestivum L.)
Dufranne, Delphine ULg; Vancutsem, Françoise ULg; Moureaux, Christine ULg et al

Poster (2009, April 20)

In this study, two winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cropping seasons were compared at the Lonzée (Belgium) experimental site. The site, crop management, sowing and harvest dates were similar on the two ... [more ▼]

In this study, two winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cropping seasons were compared at the Lonzée (Belgium) experimental site. The site, crop management, sowing and harvest dates were similar on the two years. The main difference between the seasons was due to to climate conditions. Continuous eddy-covariance fluxes, leaf scale photosynthesis measurements and crop development monitoring were performed during the whole vegetation periods. Globally, the two years were characterised by a higher than normal air temperature (9.9 °C and 11.9 °C respectively against 9.4 °C for standard) and lower than normal rainfalls (595.1 mm and 675.1 mm respectively against 772 mm for standard). In addition, the second season (2006-2007) was characterised by an exceptionally mild winter, dry and hot conditions in April and by humid and cloudy conditions during the last vegetation phases. These particular conditions induced earlier growth stages and the comparison of global fluxes gives contrasting results: gross primary productivity (GPP) was larger in 2007 but, on the contrary, net primary productivity (NPP) and crop productivity were lower on this year. The bad yields could be explained, on one hand by the drought in April 2007 that induced abnormally small flag leaves, on the other hand by cloudy and humid conditions from end May to harvest, that induced an assimilation reduction due to low radiation and favoured disease development. The simultaneous higher GPP and lower NPP and productivity in 2006-2007 raise the question of carbon allocation. It suggests that the excess carbon assimilated in 2006-2007 was not stored in grain or straw and thus that it would have been stored in the roots or in vegetation parts that decompose before the harvest. Further biomass measurements (and especially root biomass) are necessary to confirm this hypothesis. [less ▲]

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See detailA Basic Comparison of Heap-Sort and Quick-Sort Algorithms
Merciadri, Luca ULg

E-print/Working paper (2009)

We summarize here the biggest differences between Heap-sort and Quick-sort algorithms, two useful algorithms for array sorting.

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See detailS,T-climatologies of the North Sea using the Variational Inverse Method
Scory, Serge; Ouberdous, Mohamed ULg; Troupin, Charles ULg et al

Poster (2009, April 19)

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See detailA new mechanism of upwelling generated filaments based on potential vorticity balance
Troupin, Charles ULg; Mason, Evan; Beckers, Jean-Marie ULg et al

Poster (2009, April 19)

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See detailFaux jumeaux et bisexualité dans les arts premiers et préhistoriques
Mélon, Jean; Jacob, Laurent; Stassart, Martine ULg

Conference (2009, April 19)

The author compares paleo- and neolithical artistic productions ( objects and pictures of the paleolithical art - 30 to 10.000 years bef. JC - and the neolithical -5 t 2.000 bef. JC) with modern or tribal ... [more ▼]

The author compares paleo- and neolithical artistic productions ( objects and pictures of the paleolithical art - 30 to 10.000 years bef. JC - and the neolithical -5 t 2.000 bef. JC) with modern or tribal sculptures. It appears that the most pregnant theme of these socalled primitive arts is symbolical bisexuality. [less ▲]

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