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See detailCompte rendu de Sylvain ROUX, "La Recherche du principe chez Platon, Aristote et Plotin"
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (2006), 75

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See detailFour-year follow-up of infliximab therapy in rheumatoid arthritis patients with long-standing refractory disease: attrition and long-term evolution of disease activity
Cruyssen, B. V.; Van Looy, S.; Wyns, B. et al

in Arthritis Research & Therapy (2006), 8(4), 112

Although there is strong evidence supporting the short-term efficacy and safety of anti-tumour necrosis factor-alpha agents, few studies have examined the long-term effects. We evaluated 511 patients with ... [more ▼]

Although there is strong evidence supporting the short-term efficacy and safety of anti-tumour necrosis factor-alpha agents, few studies have examined the long-term effects. We evaluated 511 patients with long-standing refractory rheumatoid arthritis treated with intravenous infusions of infliximab 3 mg/kg at weeks 0, 2, 6, and 14 and every 8 weeks thereafter for 4 years. Among the initial 511 patients included in the study, 479 could be evaluated; of these, 295 (61.6%) were still receiving infliximab treatment at year 4 of follow-up. The most common reasons for treatment discontinuation were lack of efficacy (65 patients, 13.6%), safety (81 patients, 16.9%), and elective change (38 patients, 7.9%). Analysis of disease activity scores (DAS28 [ disease activity score based on the 28-joint count]) over time showed that, after the initial rapid improvement during the first 6 to 22 weeks of therapy, a further decrease in disease activity of 0.2 units in the DAS28 score per year was observed. DAS28 scores, measured at week 14 or 22, were found to predict subsequent discontinuation due to lack of efficacy. In conclusion, long-term maintenance therapy with infliximab 3 mg/kg is effective in producing further reductions in disease activity. Disease activity measured by the DAS28 at week 14 or 22 of infliximab therapy was the best predictor of long-term attrition. [less ▲]

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See detailPercutaneous coronary intervention for bifurcation disease.A consensus view from the first meeting of the European Bifurcation Club.
Thomas, Martyn; Hildick-Smith, David; Louvard, Yves et al

in EuroIntervention : journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology (2006), 2(2), 149-53

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See detailQualité nutritionnelle du lait - Etude de la variabilité intra- et inter-races du profil en acides gras du lait
Soyeurt, Hélène ULg; Dardenne, Pierre; Gillon, Alain ULg et al

in Le Bulletin (2006), (2), 8-10

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See detailUse of Interbull traits as indicators for only locally evaluated traits as milk quality traits
Gengler, Nicolas ULg; Vanderick, Sylvie ULg; Croquet, Coraline et al

in Interbull Bulletin (2006), 35

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See detailCompte rendu des actes du colloque : Identités franciscaines à l’âge des réformes
Delfosse, Annick ULg

in Moyen Age (Le) (2006), 112(3-4), 692-693

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See detailCompte rendu de l'ouvrage collectif : Medieval Virginities
Delfosse, Annick ULg

in Moyen Age (Le) (2006), 112(2), 402-403

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See detailLe rôle pivot des variables latentes pourle raisonnement statistique conditionnel. Exemples d'applications environnementales des processus ponctuels marqués.
Parent, E.; Bernier, J.; Boreux, Jean-Jacques ULg

in Revue de Statistique Appliquée (2006), 54(4), 85-111

En statistique bayésienne, le raisonnement conditionnel probabiliste fonde la solidarité étroite entre modélisation et inférence. Dans le cadre de ce raisonnement, un rôle pivot est joué par les variables ... [more ▼]

En statistique bayésienne, le raisonnement conditionnel probabiliste fonde la solidarité étroite entre modélisation et inférence. Dans le cadre de ce raisonnement, un rôle pivot est joué par les variables latentes. Ce mode de raisonnement peut s’avérer utile aussi en statistique fréquentiste. On présente trois séries hydrométéorologiques décrites par des modèles de processus ponctuels marqués de complexité croissante. Sur ces exemples, on montre comment récolter les fruits de la souplesse de modélisation et des facilités de calcul apportées par les variables latentes. Ces variables améliorent la conceptualisation de variables de structure dans les modèles statistiques et permettent aux calculs d’inférence de bénéficier des algorithmes MCMC en relation avec les techniques «d’augmentation de données». [less ▲]

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See detailForamen ovale perméable et migraines: association fortuite ou relation causale?
Schoenen, Jean ULg; Burette, P.; Materne, P.

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(5-6, May-Jun), 362-8

Epidemiologic studies have shown a clear comorbidity between migraine with aura and a patent foramen ovale (PFO). Under the age of 55, migraine with aura is a risk factor for ischemic stroke and a ... [more ▼]

Epidemiologic studies have shown a clear comorbidity between migraine with aura and a patent foramen ovale (PFO). Under the age of 55, migraine with aura is a risk factor for ischemic stroke and a proportion of the latter is due to a PFO. It remains to be determined whether PFO is causally related to migraine attacks, or is a fortuitous association due to common genetic factors. Cortical spreading depression which is the underlying mechanism of the migrainous aura, could be favoured by a PFO. Several retrospective and uncontrolled studies suggest that percutaneous closure of a PFO for stroke or decompression illness in divers reduces frequency of migraine attacks with, but also without aura. Multicentric, prospective and controlled trials of this intervention in migraineurs are underway or in preparation. As long as their results are not known, there is no rationale for proposing PFO closure for migraine. [less ▲]

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See detailLabor productivity in Europe: Evidence from a sample of regions
Artige, Lionel ULg; Nicolini, Rosella

E-print/Working paper (2006)

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See detailNew host and geographical distribution for the pearlfish Carapus mourlani (Pisces, Carapidae) with a discussion on Carapini nomenclature and biogeography
Parmentier, Eric ULg; Mercier, Annie; Hamel, Jean-François

in Copeia (2006), 2006

Specimens of the pearlfish Carapus mourlani (Carapidae) were observed for the first time in association with the sea cucumber Isostichopus fuscus (Holothuroidea: Echinodermata) along the coast of Ecuador ... [more ▼]

Specimens of the pearlfish Carapus mourlani (Carapidae) were observed for the first time in association with the sea cucumber Isostichopus fuscus (Holothuroidea: Echinodermata) along the coast of Ecuador. Out of 4345 sea cucumbers collected from various depths between 5 and 60 m, 12 harbored a pearlfish either in the coelomic cavity, the respiratory tree, or the digestive tract, yielding a prevalence of ca. 0.0028. The presence of C. mourlani appeared to be detrimental to the holothurian host in some cases. Side effects resulting from coelomic cavity infections included less advanced gonad maturity (reduced gonadal tubule diameter and length, lower ratio of mature oocytes) and a significant proportion of necrotic and shriveled gonadal tubules, devoid of gametes. Aside from discussing this evidence, the present paper briefly describes the biology of the pearlfish, its relationship with the host, and its daily activity cycle. [less ▲]

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See detailPercutaneous coronary intervention in Europe 1992-2003
Cook, Stéphane; Togni, Mario; Walpoth, Nazan et al

in EuroIntervention : Journal of EuroPCR in Collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology (2006), 1

Aims: The purpose of this registry is to collect data on trends in interventional cardiology within Europe. Special interest focuses on relative increases and ratios in newer revascularization approaches ... [more ▼]

Aims: The purpose of this registry is to collect data on trends in interventional cardiology within Europe. Special interest focuses on relative increases and ratios in newer revascularization approaches and its distribution in different regions in Europe. We report the data of the year 2003 and give an overview of the development of coronary interventions since 1992, when the first data collection was performed. Methods and results: Questionnaires were distributed yearly to delegates of all national societies of cardiology represented in the European Society of Cardiology to collect the case numbers of all local institutions and operators. The overall numbers of coronary angiographies increased from 1992 to 2003 from 684,000 to 1,993,000 (from 1,250 to 3,500 per million inhabitants). The respective numbers for percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI-coronary angioplasty) and coronary stenting procedures increased from 184,000 to 733,000 (from 335 to 1,300) and from 3,000 to 610,000 (from 5 to 1,100), respectively. Germany has been the most active country for the past years with 653,000 angiographies (7,800), 222,000 angioplasties (2,500), and 180,000 stenting procedures (2,200) in 2003. The indication has shifted towards acute coronary syndromes, as demonstrated by raising rates of interventions for acute myocardial infarction over the last decade. The procedures are more readily performed and safer, as shown by increasing rate of “ad hoc” PCI and decreasing need for emergency coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). In 2003, use of drug-eluting stents had further increased. However, an enormous variability is reported with the highest rate in Portugal (55%). Conclusion: Interventional cardiology in Europe is still expanding, mainly but not exclusively due to rapid growth in the eastern European countries. A number of new coronary revascularization procedures introduced over the years have all but disappeared. Only stenting has experienced an exponential growth. The same can be forecast for drug-eluting stenting. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte rendu de Lloyd P. GERSON, "Aristotle and other Platonists"
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (2006), 75

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See detailLa controverse sur la négation de Bolzano à Windelband
Seron, Denis ULg

in Philosophie (2006), 90

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See detailIdentités et politique : quinze ans dans un miroir
Italiano, Patrick ULg

in Fédéralisme - Régionalisme (2006), 6

Synthèse de l'évolution, en quinze ans, des sentiments d'appartenance wallon, belge et européen de leurs dynamiques respectives, et mis en perspective des fluctuation avec les événements politiques des ... [more ▼]

Synthèse de l'évolution, en quinze ans, des sentiments d'appartenance wallon, belge et européen de leurs dynamiques respectives, et mis en perspective des fluctuation avec les événements politiques des périodes considérées. [less ▲]

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See detailLessons from Principal-Agent Theory for Public Expenditure Management in Pacific Island Countries
Paul, Elisabeth ULg

in Pacific Economic Bulletin (2006), 21(2),

The paper discusses how the principal-agent theory of economics may provide a suitable analytical framework and interesting lessons for the targeting of public expenditure management reforms in Pacific ... [more ▼]

The paper discusses how the principal-agent theory of economics may provide a suitable analytical framework and interesting lessons for the targeting of public expenditure management reforms in Pacific island economies [less ▲]

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See detailLes portraits de Pascale Vincke. Une anthropologie silencieuse
Havelange, Carl ULg

in MERLAND, Bénédicte (Ed.) Pascale Vincke (2006)

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See detailWhat Transparency Can Do When Incentives Fail: An Analysis of Rent Capture
Dabla-Norris, Era; Paul, Elisabeth ULg

in IMF Working Paper (2006), 06/146

This paper analyzes the pervasiveness and persistence of rent seeking, misgovernance, and public sector inefficiency in many developing and transition economies. We formalize evidence from country ... [more ▼]

This paper analyzes the pervasiveness and persistence of rent seeking, misgovernance, and public sector inefficiency in many developing and transition economies. We formalize evidence from country experiences and empirical studies into a stylized analytical framework that reflects realistic constraints faced in these countries. Our work departs from the standard economic literature by assuming that (i) the relationship between the government and its population is regulated through an implicit social consensus; (ii) traditional incentives (in the form of public expenditure controls, sanctions, or monetary incentives to perform) are, for various reasons, ineffective in many of these countries; and (iii) the persistence of high corruption reflects a very stable equilibrium, which in turn reflects the fact that several constraints are simultaneously binding. We argue that, when traditional incentives fail, transparency—information provision and disclosure, together with the means to use it—by relaxing different constraints, can contribute to improving public outcomes. [less ▲]

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