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See detailApplication of the CALUX bioassay for epidemiological study: analyses of Belgian human plasma
Van Wouwe, Nathalie; Debacker, Noemi; Sasse, André et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2004)

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See detailTrajectoires professionnelles féminines : flexibilités et enjeux de genre
Gavray, Claire ULg

in Bulletin Sophia (2004), 37

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See detailDIOXIN BODY BURDEN AMONG BLOOD DONORS BEFORE AND AFTER THE BELGIAN DIOXIN/PCB INCIDENT
Debacker, Noemi; Sasse, André; Van Wouwe, Nathalie et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2004)

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See detailLevels of contamination for various pollutants present in Belgian human plasma
Van Wouwe, Nathalie; Covaci, Adrian; Kannan, Kurunthachalam et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2004)

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See detailQuestions d'actualité relatives aux débats succints
Boularbah, Hakim ULg

in Actualités et développements récents en droit judiciaire (2004)

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See detailPreparation of nanosized barium zirconate powder by precipitation in aqueous solution
Boschini, Frédéric ULg; Guillaume, Bernard ULg; Rulmont, André ULg et al

in Key Engineering Materials [=KEM] (2004), 264-268(Part 1-3), 2335-2338

Several ways were explored to synthesize barium zirconate by soft chemistry methods in aqueous solution. In the first method the synthesis of barium zirconate was initiated by urea decomposition, through ... [more ▼]

Several ways were explored to synthesize barium zirconate by soft chemistry methods in aqueous solution. In the first method the synthesis of barium zirconate was initiated by urea decomposition, through an homogeneous precipitation of barium and zirconium salts followed by a "low temperature" thermal treatment. The kinetic of the reaction and the optimum urea/cation ratio have been determined by means of X-ray diffraction and Inductive Coupled Plasma analyses. It has been demonstrated that an amorphous zirconium hydrated oxide starts to precipitate followed by the precipitation of barium carbonate[1]. A calcination at 1200degreesC during 2 hours gives rise to the formation of a pure barium zirconate phase. In the other methods, barium zirconate was synthesized, in one step without any thermal treatments, by precipitation in highly basic aqueous solutions containing barium and zirconium salts. The effect of the hydroxide concentration was discussed in relation to the barium zirconate phase formation, the particles size and the particles size distribution. For each powder, microstructural characterisations have been performed on sintered bodies in order to evaluate the influence of the thermal treatment on the final density. Dilatometric measurements have been also performed in order to quantify the densification process. Important informations were obtained by these techniques, as for example the existence of an internal porosity which severely limits the final density of the material, even if sintering was performed at high temperature. Thus a careful control of the heating profile seems to be necessary in order to produce dense materials. [less ▲]

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See detailMyelome multiple et infection a VIH/SIDA : a propos de trois observations.
Elira Dokekias, A.; Moutschen, Michel ULg; Purhuence, M. F. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2004), 59(2), 95-7

HIV infection rages at the endemic state in Sub Saharan African and especially in Congo Brazzaville. We report the observation of three female patients infected with HIV and developing multiple myeloma ... [more ▼]

HIV infection rages at the endemic state in Sub Saharan African and especially in Congo Brazzaville. We report the observation of three female patients infected with HIV and developing multiple myeloma. The three patients were treated at the University hospital of Brazzaville between 2000 and 2002. In two cases multiple myeloma was discovered after the diagnosis of HIV infection. In the other case, the diagnosis of HIV infection was posterior to the occurrence of multiple myeloma. HIV infection was symptomatic in two cases who received consequently antiviral treatment. Multiple myeloma was diagnosed at an advanced stage in the three cases. The paraprotein was an IgG in two cases and an IgA in the other one. The CD4 counts before treatment were around 200/mm3 in two cases and within normal limits in the third case. Viral load was not measured. VMCP and VAMCP regimens were administered without major complications and under anti-infectious prophylaxis. The follow-up is still insufficient to assess the medium-term evolution and to determine the prognosis of multiple myeloma. The description of these three cases confirms the involvement of HIV in B cell lymphoma genesis. [less ▲]

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See detailThymus and T cells
Geenen, Vincent ULg; Brilot, Fabienne; Hansenne, Isabelle et al

in Smith, Barry H.; Adelman, George (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, 3rd Edition (2004)

Evidence for intimate interconnections between the three major systems of cell communication, the nervous, endocrine and immune systems, has opened important novel research perspectives. Neuroimmune ... [more ▼]

Evidence for intimate interconnections between the three major systems of cell communication, the nervous, endocrine and immune systems, has opened important novel research perspectives. Neuroimmune-endocrine interactions are now established as crucial factors for the control of body development and homeostasis. In distant species and invertebrates, the foundations of both the neuroendocrine system and innate immunity were coexisting until now without any apparent problem. Some 400 millions years ago, in a relatively short period after agnathan fishes (e.g., hagfish and lamprey), adaptive immunity emerged in the first gnathostomes, cartilaginous fishes (e.g., shark and ray). Somatic recombination machinery characterizes adaptive immunity and is responsible for the random generation of the huge diversity of immune receptors able to recognize infectious antigens. The emergence of this novel form of immune defenses exerted a so potent pressure that structures and mechanisms developed along the paths of lymphocyte traffic to impose immunological self-tolerance, that is, the inability of the immune system to attack the host organism. Together with the generation of diversity and memory, self-tolerance constitutes a fundamental property of the immune system. The progressive rise in the level of immune diversity and complexity also explains why self-tolerance failures (i.e., organ-specific autoimmune diseases) were increasingly detected during evolution, the maximum being currently observed in the human species. The first thymus appeared in cartilaginous fishes (chondrichthyes), concomitantly with the emergence of rudimental forms of adaptive immunity. Though some forms of tolerance induction already takes place in primary hemopoietic sites (fetal liver and bone marrow), antigen-dependent B-cell tolerance is primarily due to an absence of T-cell help. Among all lymphoid structures, the thymus is the only organ specialized in the establishment of central self-tolerance. The thymus crucially stands at the crossroad between the immune and neuroendocrine systems. In this organ responsible for thymopoiesis—T-cell generation—(Kong et al., 1998), the neuroendocrine system regulates the process of T-cell differentiation from the very early stages. In addition, T lymphocytes undergo inside the thymus a complex educative process that establishes central T-cell self-tolerance of neuroendocrine principles (Geenen et al., 1992; Martens et al., 1996). Within the thymus, a confrontation permanently occurs between previously established neuroendocrine principles and a recent system equipped with recombination machinery promoting stochastic generation of response diversity. Contrary to a previous assumption, the thymus functions throughout life (Poulin et al., 1999; Geenen et al., 2003) and plays a fundamental role in the recovery of a competent T-cell repertoire after intensive chemotherapy or during highly active antiretroviral therapy (Mackall et al., 1995; Douek et al., 1998). [less ▲]

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See detailQuality characteristics and oxidative stability of date seed oil during storage
Besbes, S.; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Deroanne, Claude et al

in Food Science & Technology International (2004), 10(5), 333-338

Studies were conducted on some quality characteristics of date seed oil from two date palm cultivars (Phoenix dactylifera L.): Deglet Nour and Allig. The following values were obtained for Deglet Nour and ... [more ▼]

Studies were conducted on some quality characteristics of date seed oil from two date palm cultivars (Phoenix dactylifera L.): Deglet Nour and Allig. The following values were obtained for Deglet Nour and Allig cultivars respectively: unsaponifiable matter 8.92-7.76%, iodine value 45.49-44.08, total phenols 520.81-220.32 mug/g oil, chlorophylls 0.86-0.58 mug/g oil, viscosity 18.50-20.50 mPa.s, refractive index 1.457-1.462, acidity 1.06-2.10mg KOH/g oil and peroxide index 16.00-25.00 meq O-2/100g oil. Lipid fractionation of date seed oil yielded 98.30-97.30% neutral lipids, 97.26-96.90% triglycerides, 0.25-0.18% phospholipids and 0.36-0.31% sterols. Gas-liquid chromatography revealed that the major unsaturated fatty acid was oleic acid (39.17-42.13%) while the main saturated fatty acid was lauric acid (24.34-22.56%). Date seed oil showed high medium molecular weight triglycerides (C32-C42, about 27%). Extinction coefficients at 232 nm and 270 nm increased slightly during 40 days in oven (60degreesC) showing that date seed oil could be easily stored. The production of oil from date seeds provides the use of a renewable resource, and at the same time adding value to agricultural products. [less ▲]

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See detailLe livre machine. Une allégorie mallarméenne
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Roelens, N.; Jeanneret, Y. (Eds.) L’imaginaire de l’écran (2004)

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See detailPoésie Modernité Musique au XIXe siècle
Durand, Pascal ULg; Bertrand, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Bertrand, Jean-Pierre; Delville, Michel; Pagnoulle, Christine (Eds.) Le Rossignol instrumental. Poésie, musique, modernité (2004)

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See detailDes pratiques réflexives en formation initiale, pour une intégration optimale de la théorie et de la pratique
Vanhulle, Sabine; Deum, Mélanie ULg; Mattar, Catherine et al

in Caractères (2004), 15/2

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See detailLieu commun, cliché, stéréotype. Généalogie des formations figées
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Sfez, L. (Ed.) Conférences de l’école doctorale de science politique (2004)

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See detailThe mechanobiology of tissue differentiation around immediately loaded implants: a bone chamber experiment
Geris, Liesbet ULg; Van Oosterwyck, Hans; Duyck, Joke et al

in Proceedings of the 14th conference of the European Society of Biomechanics (2004)

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