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See detailRéforme de Bologne : quelles transformations de l’évaluation des apprentissages ?
Gorga, Adriana; Charlier, Bernadette; Gilles, Jean-Luc ULg

Conference (2006, May)

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See detail2006, International Year of Deserts, Desertification and Dust
Ozer, Pierre ULg; Courel, Marie-Françoise; Goudie, Andrew S

in Africa Health (2006), 28(4), 3

Desertification ranks among the major environmental challenges of the 21st century and is defined by the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification as ‘land degradation in arid, semiarid, and dry ... [more ▼]

Desertification ranks among the major environmental challenges of the 21st century and is defined by the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification as ‘land degradation in arid, semiarid, and dry subhumid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities’. Currently, desertification affects a total area between 6 million and 12 million square kilometres and generates large loss of income, estimated at US$42 billion each year. Areas threatened by desertification occupy 34% of the Earth’s land area and are home to about 2 billion people. [...] [less ▲]

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See detailPhonological deficits in French speaking children with SLI
Maillart, Christelle ULg; Parisse, Christophe

in International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders (2006), 41(3), 253274

Background: This study investigated the phonological disorders of Frenchspeaking children with specific language impairment (SLI) in production. Aims: The main goal was to confirm whether children with ... [more ▼]

Background: This study investigated the phonological disorders of Frenchspeaking children with specific language impairment (SLI) in production. Aims: The main goal was to confirm whether children with SLI have limitations in phonological ability as compared with normally developing children matched by mean length of utterance (MLU) and phonemic inventory size. A number of researchers have obtained findings pointing in this direction, but the conclusions have never been tested on French-speaking children. The second goal was to find out whether characteristic features of the French language are reflected in the nature of the children’s phonological disorder. Methods & Procedures: The spontaneous language of 16 children with SLI and 16 control children matched on MLU and phonemic inventory size (normal language development group) were analysed using different measures bearing on utterances, words, syllables and phonemes. In both SLI and NLD groups, the children were distributed into two different subgroups based on their MLU, with controlled phonemic inventory size. Outcomes & Results: The results supported a specific limitation in the phonological abilities of French children with SLI, as has already been demonstrated for English, Hebrew, Italian and Spanish-Catalan. However, two unexpected results were also obtained. First, a significant difference between children with SLI and control children could only be found for older children (MLU.3), not for younger children with MLU,3. This was true for all measures. Conclusions: This finding highlights the importance of having a developmental perspective and needs to be confirmed through a longitudinal study. Second, deficits were much more significant at the phoneme level than at the syllable level. This may be explained by the fact that the pronunciation of syllables in French is very homogenous, making them easier to segment. [less ▲]

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See detailEarlier onset of tumoral anglogenesis in matrix metalloproteinase-19-deficient mice
Jost, M.; Folgueras, A. R.; Frerart, F. et al

in Cancer Research (2006), 66(10), 5234-5241

Among matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), MMP-19 displays unique structural features and tissue distribution. In contrast to most MMPs, MMP-19 is expressed in normal human epidermis and down-regulated during ... [more ▼]

Among matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), MMP-19 displays unique structural features and tissue distribution. In contrast to most MMPs, MMP-19 is expressed in normal human epidermis and down-regulated during malignant transformation and dedifferentiation. The contribution of MMP-19 during tumor angiogenesis is presently unknown. In an attempt to give new insights into MMP-19 in vivo functions, angiogenic response of mutant mice lacking MMP-19 was analyzed after transplantation of murine malignant PDVA keratinocytes and after injection of Matrigel supplemented with basic fibroblast growth factor. In situ hybridization and immunohistochemical analysis revealed that MMP-19 is produced by host mesenchymal cells but not by endothelial capillary cells or CD11b-positive inflammatory cells. Based on a new computer-assisted method of quantification, we provide evidence that host MMP-19 deficiency was associated with an increased early angiogenic response. In addition, increased tumor invasion was observed in MMP-19-/- mice. We conclude that, in contrast to most MMPs that promote tumor progression, MMP-19 is a negative regulator of early steps of tumor angiogenesis and invasion. These data highlight the requirement to understand the individual functions of each MMP to improve anticancer strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailStress, coffe drink, tobacco and alcohol consumption in a student sample of smokers
Delvaux, Muriel ULg

Poster (2006, May)

Emotional responses to stress play an important role in health behavior change. During times of low and high academic demands, health behaviors tend to be deteriorated in college undergraduate students ... [more ▼]

Emotional responses to stress play an important role in health behavior change. During times of low and high academic demands, health behaviors tend to be deteriorated in college undergraduate students (Weidner et al., 1996). A similar study found increasing anxiety and smoking behaviors, but a decrease in the consumption of alcohol during the examination period in medical students (Ogden & Mtandabari, 1997). In current smokers, mean score on Perceived Stress Scale is significantly higher than that of the students who don’t smoke (Naquin & Gilbert, 1996). [less ▲]

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See detailTabagisme et dépression
Delvaux, Muriel ULg

Poster (2006, May)

Les épisodes dépressifs majeurs sont plus fréquents parmi les fumeurs (6,6 %) que les non -fumeurs (2,9%).Il y a une proportion significativement plus importante de sujets étant ou ayant été à un moment ... [more ▼]

Les épisodes dépressifs majeurs sont plus fréquents parmi les fumeurs (6,6 %) que les non -fumeurs (2,9%).Il y a une proportion significativement plus importante de sujets étant ou ayant été à un moment de leur vie fumeurs, parmi les sujets présentant des antécédents de dépression (76%) que parmi les sujets indemnes de tels antécédents (52%). Enfin, les fumeurs ayant des antécédents de dépression (prévalence sur la vie entière) ont significativement moins de chances de s’arrêter de fumer (14%) que les sujets sans antécédents dépressifs (28%) (Martinet & Bohadana, 1997). La relation entre tabagisme et dépression semble être bidirectionnelle. Cette étude tente d’établir un lien entre dépression et dépendance à la nicotine dans une population de fumeurs liégeois tout-venant, et compare le taux de dépression entre les genres d’une part, entre les fumeurs et des non-fumeurs appariés d’autre part. [less ▲]

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See detailComposition chimique des graines de pin d'Alep (Pinus halepensis Mill.) d'origine tunisienne et caracterisation de la fraction lipidique.
Cheikh Rouhou, S.; Hentati, B.; Besbes, Souhail et al

Poster (2006, May)

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See detailSelective coil occlusion of a large arterioportal fistula in a liver graft
Detry, Olivier ULg; De Roover, Arnaud ULg; Delwaide, Jean ULg et al

in Liver Transplantation (2006), 12(5), 888-889

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See detailEmergency graft removal after liver transplantation
Detry, Olivier ULg; De Roover, Arnaud ULg; Delwaide, Jean ULg et al

in Liver Transplantation (2006, May), 12(5), 72

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See detailFrance and NATO : between political distrust and doctrinal rapprochement
Dumoulin, André ULg

in Revue Défense Nationale (2006), (686),

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See detailPesticide residues in ACP countries: Hwo the process of harmonizing regulations on pesticide residues in EU ca affect crop protocols in ACP countries
Schiffers, Bruno ULg

in Abstracts 58th International Symposium on Crop Protection (2006, May)

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See detailExploration of the neural substrates of executive functioning by functional neuroimaging
Collette, Fabienne ULg; Hogge, Michaël; Salmon, Eric ULg et al

in Neuroscience (2006), 139(1), 209-221

This review presents neuroimaging studies that have explored the cerebral substrates of executive functioning. These studies have demonstrated that different executive functions not only recruit various ... [more ▼]

This review presents neuroimaging studies that have explored the cerebral substrates of executive functioning. These studies have demonstrated that different executive functions not only recruit various frontal areas but also depend upon posterior (mainly parietal) regions. These results are in accordance with the hypothesis that executive functioning relies on a distributed cerebral network that is not restricted to anterior cerebral areas. However, there exists an important heterogeneity in the cerebral areas associated with these different processes, and also between different tasks assessing the same process. Since these discrepant results could be due to the paradigms used (subtraction designs), recent results obtained with conjunction and interaction analyses are presented, which confirm the role of parietal areas in executive functioning and also demonstrate the existence of some specificity in the neural substrates of the executive processes of updating, shifting and inhibition. Finally, functional magnetic resonance imaging studies show that the activity in cerebral areas involved in executive tasks can be transient or sustained. Consequently, to better characterize the functional role of areas associated with executive functioning, it is important to take into account not only the localization of cerebral activity but also the temporal pattern of this activity. [less ▲]

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See detailRadiation-curing binders and a process for their preparation
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg

Patent (2006)

The invention relates to a process for preparing binders which contain 1) allophanate groups, 2) groups that react with ethylenically unsaturated compounds with polymerization on exposure to actinic ... [more ▼]

The invention relates to a process for preparing binders which contain 1) allophanate groups, 2) groups that react with ethylenically unsaturated compounds with polymerization on exposure to actinic radiation (radiation-curing groups) and 3) optionally NCO-reactive groups, by reacting at temperatures <=130 DEG C. A) one or more NCO-functional compounds containing uretdione groups with B) one or more compounds that contain isocyanate-reactive groups and groups that react with ethylenically unsaturated compounds with polymerization on exposure to actinic radiation (radiation-curing groups), and then C) with one or more saturated, hydroxyl-containing compounds other than B), at least one of these compounds having an OH functionality of >=2, in the presence of D) a catalyst containing one or more zinc compounds, the reaction with compounds C) taking place at least proportionally with the formation of allophanate groups. The present invention also relates to the binders obtained by the pro cess of the invention. [less ▲]

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See detailExportations : oser se comparer
Nondonfaz, Robert ULg

Article for general public (2006)

L'analyse comparative des chiffres d'exporation devrait inciter les entreprises à plus de dynamique

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See detailDendritic cell differentiation and immune tolerance to insulin-related peptides in Igf2-deficient mice
Hansenne, Isabelle ULg; Renard-Charlet, C.; Greimers, Roland ULg et al

in Journal of Immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) (2006), 176(8), 4651-4657

There is some evidence that insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF-2) may intervene in the control of T cell differentiation. To further study the immunoregulatory function of this growth factor, we analyzed ... [more ▼]

There is some evidence that insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF-2) may intervene in the control of T cell differentiation. To further study the immunoregulatory function of this growth factor, we analyzed the immune system of Igf2(-/-) mice. Phenotypically, some immunological parameters such as lymphoid organ morphology and cellularity were unaltered in Igf2(-/-) mice, but an increase of CD8(+) cells and a decrease of B220(+) cells were observed in spleen. In vitro, the development of bone marrow-derived dendritic cells was affected by the absence of Igf2 expression. After maturation, a higher percentage of immature dendritic cells was observed in Igf2(-/-) population, together with a secondary decrease in allogenic T cell proliferation. Activation of T cells was also affected by the lack of expression of this growth factor. The profile of B cell response in mutant mice immunized with IGF-2 evidenced a T-dependent profile of anti-IGF-2 Abs that was absent in Igf2(+/+) mice. The influence of IGF-2 upon tolerance to insulin was also assessed in this model, and this showed that IGF-2 also intervenes in tolerance to insulin. The presence of a T-dependent response in Igf2-deficient mice should allow cloning of specific "forbidden" T CD4(+) lymphocytes directed against IGF-2, as well as further investigation of their possible pathogenic properties against insulin family. [less ▲]

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See detailRegulation of procollagen amino-propeptide processing during mouse embryogenesis by specialization of homologous ADAMTS proteases: insights on collagen biosynthesis and dermatosparaxis
Le Goff, Carine; Somerville, Robert PT; Kesteloot, Frédéric ULg et al

in Development (2006), 133(8), 1587-1596

Mutations in ADAMTS2, a procollagen amino-propeptidase, cause severe skin fragility, designated as dermatosparaxis in animals, and a subtype of the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (dermatosparactic type or VIIC ... [more ▼]

Mutations in ADAMTS2, a procollagen amino-propeptidase, cause severe skin fragility, designated as dermatosparaxis in animals, and a subtype of the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (dermatosparactic type or VIIC) in humans. Not all collagen-rich tissues are affected to the same degree, which suggests compensation by the ADAMTS2 homologs ADAMTS3 and ADAMTS14. In situ hybridization of Adamts2, Adamts3 and Adamts14, and of the genes encoding the major. brillar collagens, Col1a1, Col2a1 and Col3a1, during mouse embryogenesis, demonstrated distinct tissue-specific, overlapping expression patterns of the protease and substrate genes. Adamts3, but not Adamts2 or Adamts14, was co-expressed with Col2a1 in cartilage throughout development, and with Col1a1 in bone and musculotendinous tissues. ADAMTS3 induced procollagen I processing in dermatosparactic. broblasts, suggesting a role in procollagen I processing during musculoskeletal development. Adamts2, but not Adamts3 or Adamts14, was co-expressed with Col3a1 in many tissues including the lungs and aorta, and Adamts2(-/-) mice showed widespread defects in procollagen III processing. Adamts2(-/-) mice had abnormal lungs, characterized by a decreased parenchymal density. However, the aorta and collagen fibrils in the aortic wall appeared normal. Although Adamts14 lacked developmental tissue-specific expression, it was co-expressed with Adamts2 in mature dermis, which possibly explains the presence of some processed skin procollagen in dermatosparaxis. The data show how evolutionarily related proteases with similar substrate preferences may have distinct biological roles owing to tissue specific gene expression, and provide insights into collagen biosynthesis and the pathobiology of dermatosparaxis. [less ▲]

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See detailRadiation-curing binders and a process for their preparation
Weikard, Jan; Greszta-Franz, Dorota; Fischer, Wolfgang et al

Patent (2006)

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a process for preparing a binder which contains (1) an allophanate group, (2) a group that reacts with an ethylenically unsaturated compound with polymerization on ... [more ▼]

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a process for preparing a binder which contains (1) an allophanate group, (2) a group that reacts with an ethylenically unsaturated compound with polymerization on exposure to actinic radiation (radiation-curing group) and (3) optionally an NCO-reactive group; and to provide the binder obtained by the process. ; SOLUTION: The process comprises reacting at a temperature <=130[deg.]C, (A) one or more NCO-functional compounds containing uretdione groups with (B) one or more compounds that contain isocyanate-reactive groups and radiation-curing groups and then (C) with one or more saturated hydroxy-containing compounds other than (B), at least one of these compounds having an OH functionality of >=2, in the presence of (D) a catalyst containing one or more zinc compounds, the reaction with compounds (C) taking place at least proportionally with the formation of allophanate groups. [less ▲]

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See detailLow viscosity allophanates containing actinically curable groups
Weikard, Jan; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Greszta-Frank, Dorota et al

Patent (2006)

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a process for producing a radiation-curing binder containing an allophanate group; and to provide the binder obtained by the process, and a coating composition containing ... [more ▼]

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a process for producing a radiation-curing binder containing an allophanate group; and to provide the binder obtained by the process, and a coating composition containing the binder. ; SOLUTION: The process comprises reacting at a temperature of <=130[deg.]C (A) one or more compounds containing uretdione groups with (B) one or more OH-functional compounds which contain groups which react, with polymerization, with ethylenically unsaturated compounds on exposure to actinic radiation (radiation-curing groups), (C) optionally NCO-reactive compounds other than (B) in the presence of (D) a catalyst containing at least one zinc compound to form allophanate groups by opening the uretdione ring. [less ▲]

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