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See detail3D finite‐element modeling for the magnetization of bulk high‐Tc drilled superconductors
Lousberg, Grégory ULg

Poster (2008, August)

Article associé : Numerical simulation of the magnetization of high-temperature superconductors: a 3D finite element method using a single time-step iteration

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See detailPoly(caprolactone)/clay masterbatches prepared in supercritical CO2 as efficient clay delamination promoters in poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile)
Urbanczyk, Laetitia ULg; Calberg, Cédric ULg; Benali, Samira et al

in Journal of Materials Chemistry (2008), 18(39), 4623-4630

Poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile) (SAN)/clay nanocomposites with a high degree of clay exfoliation were prepared upon melt blending of pre-exfoliated poly(-caprolactone) (PCL)/organoclay masterbatches in a ... [more ▼]

Poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile) (SAN)/clay nanocomposites with a high degree of clay exfoliation were prepared upon melt blending of pre-exfoliated poly(-caprolactone) (PCL)/organoclay masterbatches in a Brabender-type internal mixer. These highly filled masterbatches were synthesized by a one-pot process using supercritical carbon dioxide as a polymerization medium. During their dispersion into SAN, PCL is expected to act as a compatibilizer at the polymer–clay interface as it is miscible with the host matrix under these conditions. Reference nanocomposites based on direct melt mixing of the commercial organoclay were also prepared for the sake of comparison. The superiority of the masterbatch route in term of clay delamination efficiency has been evidenced by XRD analysis, visual and TEM observations. The effect of the nanocomposite morphology on the polymer properties was then investigated. A substantial improvement of the fire behaviour and a decrease in gas permeability have been observed for the nanocomposite containing the highest level of clay exfoliation, accompanied with a higher brittleness as evidenced by traction and impact tests. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of the porous structure of biodegradable scaffolds obtained with supercritical CO2 as foaming agent
Léonard, Angélique ULg; Calberg, Cédric ULg; Kerckhofs, Greet ULg et al

in Journal of Porous Materials (2008), 15(4), 397-403

Poly(ε-caprolactone) foams were prepared, via a batch process, by using supercritical CO2 as foaming agent. Their porous structure was characterized through mercury porosimetry, helium and mercury ... [more ▼]

Poly(ε-caprolactone) foams were prepared, via a batch process, by using supercritical CO2 as foaming agent. Their porous structure was characterized through mercury porosimetry, helium and mercury pycnometry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray microtomography observations coupled with image analysis. The pore size distributions obtained by these two latter techniques show that the pore structure is more homogeneous when the foaming process is performed under a high CO2 saturation pressure (higher than 250 bars). [less ▲]

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See detailMesoporous TiO2 thin films for photovoltaic applications
Dewalque, Jennifer ULg; Mathieu, Xavier; Decroly, André et al

Poster (2008, August)

Thin films of nanocrystalline, mesostructured titanium dioxide are very promising materials to build low cost and efficient photovoltaic devices. TiO2 present a high chemical stability and electronic ... [more ▼]

Thin films of nanocrystalline, mesostructured titanium dioxide are very promising materials to build low cost and efficient photovoltaic devices. TiO2 present a high chemical stability and electronic properties such as photo-induced electronic transfer properties associated with the anatase phase. For many applications, highly porous nanostructured thin films with accessible pores are preferable to dense ones. Indeed, high accessible porosity leads to high surface area increasing the electron transfer surface. [less ▲]

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See detailLocal Identification of Voltage Emergency Situations
Vournas, Costas; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2008), 23(3), 1239-1248

This paper proposes a simple procedure to identify the onset of long-term voltage instability from the time evolution of the distribution voltages controlled by load tap changers. The moving average of ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a simple procedure to identify the onset of long-term voltage instability from the time evolution of the distribution voltages controlled by load tap changers. The moving average of sampled measurements is computed and used to trigger local emergency signals. The method is validated on voltage signals obtained from time simulation of a realistic test system. The ability to identify instability in the critical area is demonstrated in three test cases. [less ▲]

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See detailRandomized multicenter phase II study of larotaxel (XRP9881) in combination with cisplatin or gemcitabine as first-line chemotherapy in nonirradiable stage IIIB or stage IV non-small cell lung cancer.
Zatloukal, Petr; Gervais, Radj; Vansteenkiste, Johan et al

in Journal of Thoracic Oncology (2008), 3(8), 894-901

INTRODUCTION: This randomized phase II study investigated the efficacy and safety of a new taxane, larotaxel (XRP9881), in combination with either cisplatin or gemcitabine in the first-line treatment of ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: This randomized phase II study investigated the efficacy and safety of a new taxane, larotaxel (XRP9881), in combination with either cisplatin or gemcitabine in the first-line treatment of patients with nonirradiable stage IIIB or stage IV non-small cell lung cancer to select the combination having the most promising antitumor activity. METHODS: Patients received either larotaxel (50 mg/m) as a 1-hour infusion, followed by a 1-hour infusion of cisplatin (75 mg/m), every 3 weeks (arm A), or gemcitabine (800 mg/m) as a 30 minute infusion, on days 1 and 8, and larotaxel (60 mg/m) as a 1-hour infusion, on day 8 (following gemcitabine), every 3 weeks (arm B). The primary end point was the objective response rate (per-protocol population). RESULTS: Thirty-two patients were randomized to arm A and 30 to arm B. The response rate was higher in arm A compared with arm B in both the per-protocol (26.7% versus 18.2%) and intention-to-treat (28.1% versus 13.3%) populations. In the intention-to-treat population, median progression-free survival for arm A versus arm B was 4.7 versus 3.3 months and median overall survival was 8.6 versus 7.3 months, respectively. Fifty percent of patients in arm A and 66.7% in arm B experienced at least one National Cancer Institute common toxicity criteria grade 3/4 adverse event and grade 3/4 neutropenia was observed in 46.9% and 41.4% of patients, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Both larotaxel combinations were effective and manageable, however all measured efficacy parameters (response rate, progression free survival, and survival) seemed to favor the combination with cisplatin. [less ▲]

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See detailSmall scale variations in the microbenthic loop of Posidonia oceanica meadows: an experimental interpolation design.
Pete, Dorothée ULg; Lenartz, Fabian ULg; Velimirov, Branko et al

Poster (2008, August)

In the sediment compartment of Posidonia oceanica meadows, there is a severe lack of information on small scale variations. In an attempt to understand spatial variations of the microbenthic loop ... [more ▼]

In the sediment compartment of Posidonia oceanica meadows, there is a severe lack of information on small scale variations. In an attempt to understand spatial variations of the microbenthic loop (bacteria, organic matter, microphytobenthos and meiofauna), an experiment based on interpolation methods was led in Calvi Bay (Corsica, France), in March 2008, at 10 m depth. Twelve points were sampled randomly in a 125 x 125 cm square, divided into twenty-five 25 x 25 cm squares, to assess and describe the spatial distribution and variations of different parameters of the sediment. Those parameters are granulometry, density of P. oceanica, concentration in nutrients in the pore water, bacteria (biomass, abundance, morphotypes), organic matter (biomass), microphytobenthos (biomass), roots and rhizomes (biomass) and meiofauna (biomass). Results and distribution maps of the respective sediment parameters will be presented for the first time. [less ▲]

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See detailBovine colostrum: an efficient and cost-effective growth promoter in piglet weaning diet
Boudry, Christelle ULg; Dehoux, Jean-Paul; Wavreille, José et al

in Book of the Abstracts of the 59th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (2008, August)

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See detailSteak up to the horns: Conventionalisation of Organic stock farming: knowledge's lock-in in the agrifood chain.
Stassart, Pierre M ULg; Jamar, Daniel

in GeoJournal (2008), 73(1), 31-44

Recent conversations concerning organic food systems have focused on the conventionalization hypothesis, which posits that the organic food sector has become increasingly bifurcated between “historical” ... [more ▼]

Recent conversations concerning organic food systems have focused on the conventionalization hypothesis, which posits that the organic food sector has become increasingly bifurcated between “historical” players in the organic movement on one side, and on the other by distributors and industrial operators recently arrived in the sector, who practice a more conventionalized form of organic agriculture which is now on the ascendancy. The most prominent explanations for the growth and dominance of a conventionalized organic food system have been economic, based in the logics of input costs, especially land rent. We use the cases of the Belgian Blue commodity system and the Belgian organic beef commodity system to argue that conventionalization is also cognitive. To understand the role of cognition in the ascendance of the conventional organic food sector, we utilize concept of “référentiel”—or system of cognitive references—as developed by Muller and Jobert. We believe that comparing organic and conventional practices as two systems of cognitive references makes a deeper understanding of conventionalization possible in two ways: first because it makes it clear that the two systems coexist on a cognitive level, understood in a broad sense as tightly knit sets of knowledges, beliefs, standards, and images. Secondly, the concept of référentiel enables one to understand how the conventional system can become irreversible (lock-in effect) and thus incompatible with the development of the organic system. [less ▲]

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See detailIn Situ Testing of Large Machines: Alternative Methods for Conducted Emission Measurements
Catrysse, Johan; Vanhee, Filip; Knockaert, Jos et al

Conference (2008, August)

On the legal aspect, the new European Directive on ElectroMagnetic Compatibility 2004/108/EC concerns also large machines. On a technical point of view, the special situation to characterise the EMC ... [more ▼]

On the legal aspect, the new European Directive on ElectroMagnetic Compatibility 2004/108/EC concerns also large machines. On a technical point of view, the special situation to characterise the EMC behaviour of large machines imply that current procedures are complex and very expensive, and in some cases even not possible. Adapted measuring methodologies and procedures are needed. As a response to this situation and within the European R&D Frameworks, the TEMCA2 project aimed to develop new and adapted methodologies for the assessment of EMC related to this type of industrial large machinery. [less ▲]

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See detailIn Situ Testing of Large Machines: Alternative Methods for Radiated Emission Measurements
Catrysse, Johan; Vanhee, Filip; Knockaert, Jos et al

Conference (2008, August)

On the legal aspect, the new European Directive on ElectroMagnetic Compatibility 2004/108/EC concerns also large machines. On a technical point of view, the special situation to characterise the EMC ... [more ▼]

On the legal aspect, the new European Directive on ElectroMagnetic Compatibility 2004/108/EC concerns also large machines. On a technical point of view, the special situation to characterise the EMC behaviour of large machines imply that current procedures are complex and very expensive, and in some cases even not possible. Adapted measuring methodologies and procedures are needed. As a response to this situation and within the European R&D Frameworks, the TEMCA2 project aimed to develop new and adapted methodologies for the assessment of EMC related to this type of industrial large machinery. [less ▲]

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See detailLes Codes - La Charte
Bourgeois, Marc ULg; Parent, Xavier ULg

Book published by Editions Juridiques (2008)

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See detailKBD is an agro-environmental disease: The south central Tibet input
Haubruge, Eric ULg; Chasseur, Camille; Lognay, Georges ULg et al

Conference (2008, August)

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See detailThéorie de l'erreur de circularité
Debongnie, Jean-François ULg

Report (2008)

This report gives the theory of the circularity error, as defined by ISO-norms, that is, the minimum of the radius difference between two concentric circles that enclose the measured curve. The common ... [more ▼]

This report gives the theory of the circularity error, as defined by ISO-norms, that is, the minimum of the radius difference between two concentric circles that enclose the measured curve. The common center of the optimal pair of circles being called the best center, the question of its existence is fully discussed. It is then proved that this problem is equivalent to the research of a circle which is the best approximation of the given curve by respect of a uniform norm. A characterization of the best center is developed, from which the unicity of the best center is proved. [less ▲]

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See detailVariability of edaphic conditions in metal-contaminated sites at multiple scales. Two case studies in temperate and tropical environments
Colinet, Gilles ULg; Leclercq, Julie; Faucon, Michel-Pierre et al

Conference (2008, August)

In numerous places, mining and ore treatment activities have generated environmental contaminations which endanger ecosystem viability and/or human health. In some places, the ecological pressure induced ... [more ▼]

In numerous places, mining and ore treatment activities have generated environmental contaminations which endanger ecosystem viability and/or human health. In some places, the ecological pressure induced by the metal contaminations allowed the development a specific flora, fromwhich candidates for phytoremediation may be selected. A survey of edaphic conditions prevailing for plant growing in contaminated areas around metal smelters has been conducted in belgian calaminary sites (Zn, Pb, Cd contaminations) and in the Katanga province of RDC (Cu contaminations). As the processes generated by the modifications of the soil environment may affect the form of a trace element, that is its distribution through various pools, we investigated physical and chemical fractionation of some metallic trace elements (Cu, Zn, Pb, and Cd) in soils and compared temperate and tropical cases. The results stress the need for a typology of the contaminations that takes into account the classical pedological parameters, even if contaminated sites are far from classical soil environment. The variability of edaphic properties that can occur within small distances is also an important point to consider when planning rehabilitation operations. [less ▲]

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See detailDu drapeau national, de Copernic et des angles morts en droit public
Behrendt, Christian ULg

Article for general public (2008)

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