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See detailL'exponentielle : une fonction à plusieurs facettes
Bair, Jacques ULg; Henry, Valérie ULg

in Losanges (2009), 3

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See detailQuel dispositif de formation pour un CDS ? Réflexions à partir de l’expérience de l’Académie Wallonie-Europe
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg; Leduc, Laurent ULg

Conference (2009)

Through analysis and an attempt to assess the system developed at the level of the Wallonia-Europe Academy in the context of Center for Higher Didactics (Centre de Didactique Supérieure : CDS), the ... [more ▼]

Through analysis and an attempt to assess the system developed at the level of the Wallonia-Europe Academy in the context of Center for Higher Didactics (Centre de Didactique Supérieure : CDS), the purpose of this article is to reflect on the specificities and constraints of a training limited to teachers in charge of First Generation students, those specificities being especially constraining since the CDS training sessions take place in a larger context : the training of all the university teachers. The Liege experience enlightens some determinant factors : sensitizing first on the interest of such a training, centring the training on close coaching of students learning with a focus on their difficulties or deficiencies and with help given to teachers in resolving them, meeting the diversity of the situations lived by those teachers (notably in terms of students number and disciplines), taking into account their expectations in accordance with their profile, cleverly combining oral speeches, testimonies and debates, suggesting a diversity of concrete intervention trails… By the way, the joined organization of introduction sessions and close coaching seminars seems to be a relevant formula in order to meet such kind of objectives. [less ▲]

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See detailLes Exercices de style : traduction intralinguale ? Le cas de "Homophonique"
Goto, Kanako ULg

in Delbreil, Daniel (Ed.) Les Amis de Valentin Brû - Nouvelles séries (2009)

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See detailINHIBITION OF mRNA export and dimerization of interferon regulatory factor 3 by Theiler's virus leader protein
RICOUR, Céline ULg; DELHAYE, S; HATO, SV et al

in Journal of General Virology (2009), 90

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See detailA 3000-year record of ground rupturing earthquakes along the central North Anatolian Fault near Lake Ladik, Turkey
Fraser, I.; Pigati, J. S.; Hubert, Aurelia ULg et al

in Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (2009), 99

The North Anatolian Fault (NAF) is a ~1500-km-long, arcuate, dextral strike-slip fault zone in northern Turkey that extends from the Karliova triple junction to the Aegean Sea. East of Bolu, the fault ... [more ▼]

The North Anatolian Fault (NAF) is a ~1500-km-long, arcuate, dextral strike-slip fault zone in northern Turkey that extends from the Karliova triple junction to the Aegean Sea. East of Bolu, the fault zone exhibits evidence of a sequence of large (Mw>7) earthquakes that occurred during the 20th century that displayed a migrating earthquake sequence from east to west. Prolonged human occupation in this region provides an extensive, but not exhaustive, historical record of large earthquakes prior to the 20th century that covers much of the last 2000 years. In this study, we extend our knowledge of rupture events in the region by evaluating the stratigraphy and chronology of sediments exposed in a paleoseismic trench across a splay of the NAF at Destek, ~6.5 km east of Lake Ladik (40.868°N, 36.121°E). The trenched fault strand forms an uphill-facing scarp and associated sediment trap below a small catchment. The trench exposed a narrow fault zone that has juxtaposed a sequence of weakly-defined paleosols interbedded with colluvium against highly-fractured bedrock. We mapped magnetic susceptibility variations on the trench walls and found evidence for multiple visually unrecognized colluvial wedges. This technique was also used to constrain a predominantly dip-slip style of displacement on this fault splay. Sediments exposed in the trench were dated using both charcoal and terrestrial gastropod shells to constrain the timing of the earthquake events. While the gastropod shells consistently yielded 14C-ages that were too old (by ~900 years), we obtained highly reliable 14C-ages from the charcoal by dating multiple components of the sample material. Our radiocarbon chronology constrains the timing of seven large earthquakes over the past 3000 years prior to the 1943 Ladik earthquake, including event ages (including 2 sigma error):1437-1788AD, 1034-1321AD, 549-719AD, 17-585AD (1-3 events), 351BC-28AD, 700-392BC, 912-596BC. Our results indicate an average inter-event time of 385±166yrs (1 sigma) [less ▲]

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See detailLuminescence dating of architectural ceramics from an early medieval abbey: the St-Philbert intercomparison (Loire Atlantique, France)
Guibert, Pierre; Bailiff, Ian; Blain, Sophie ULg et al

in Radiation Measurements (2009), 44

An experimental intercomparison was performed with brick samples from an early medieval building in the west of France, the St-Philbert-de-Grandlieu abbey. A potentially complex set of microdosimetric ... [more ▼]

An experimental intercomparison was performed with brick samples from an early medieval building in the west of France, the St-Philbert-de-Grandlieu abbey. A potentially complex set of microdosimetric problems emerged from characterisation measurements, providing a robust test of the routine procedures used by each laboratory. The dating results obtained using quartz coarse grains and fine grain samples span over a large period of time, exhibiting overdispersion, and where systematic deviations appear between quartz and fine grain chronologies. Factors causing such scatter are analysed in detail, including internal radioactivity of quartz grains, millimetre-scale heterogeneity in the fabric, and the observation and modelling of fading behaviour of fine grain minerals. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte-rendu de Restauration et non-restauration en art contemporain sous la direction de Marie-Hélène Breuil, ARSET, 2008
Defeyt, Catherine ULg

in CeROArt : Conservation, Exposition, Restauration d'Objets d'Art (2009), 3

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See detailQuark transverse charge densities in the Delta(1232) from lattice QCD
Alexandrou, Constantia; Korzec, Tomasz; Giannis, Koutsou et al

in Nuclear Physics A (2009), A825

We extend the formalism relating electromagnetic form factors to transverse quark charge densities in the light-front frame to the case of a spin-3/2 baryon and calculate these transverse densities for ... [more ▼]

We extend the formalism relating electromagnetic form factors to transverse quark charge densities in the light-front frame to the case of a spin-3/2 baryon and calculate these transverse densities for the $\Delta (1232)$ isobar using lattice QCD. The transverse charge densities for a transversely polarized spin-3/2 particle are characterized by monopole, dipole, quadrupole, and octupole patterns representing the structure beyond that of a pure point-like spin-3/2 particle.We present lattice QCD results for the $\Delta$-isobar electromagnetic form factors for pion masses down to approximatively 350 MeV for three cases: quenched QCD, two-degenerate flavors of dynamicalWilson quarks, and three flavors of quarks using a mixed action that combines domain wall valence quarks and dynamical staggered sea quarks. We extract transverse quark charge densities from these lattice results and find that the $Delta$ is prolately deformed, as indicated by the fact that the quadrupole moment $G_{E2}(0)$ is larger than the value −3 characterizing a point particle and the fact that the transverse charge density in a $\Delta^+$ of maximal transverse spin projection is elongated along the axis of the spin. [less ▲]

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See detailLarge earthquakes Cycles in Lake Sediments along the North Anatolian Fault, Turkey
Boës, X.; Moran, S. B.; King, J. et al

in Journal of Paleolimnology (2009), (10.1007/s10933-009-9376-x),

In 1999, the large surface-rupturing earth- quakes of Izmit and Duzce completed a 60-year cycle that included a westward migration of nine consecutive large earthquake failures ([50 km surface rupture ... [more ▼]

In 1999, the large surface-rupturing earth- quakes of Izmit and Duzce completed a 60-year cycle that included a westward migration of nine consecutive large earthquake failures ([50 km surface rupture), which started with the 1939 Erzincan earthquake in eastern Turkey. In this study, we focused on seismic cycles and seismic risk predictability along the North Anatolian Fault (NAF). Toward the west end of the NAF (26°E–32°E, i.e. Bolu), large earthquake fre- quency is measured from either historic earthquake catalogs, or geologic records from isolated outcrops and marine sediment cores from the Marmara Sea. In comparison, the eastern part of the NAF zone (32°E– 42°E) is less well documented by palaeo-seismologic archives. Thus, the sediment records of lake basins located on the eastern NAF zone constitute a unique opportunity for testing a new palaeo-seismologic approach. To this end, we used a diverse array of complementary methods involving: (1) a 600-km transect of fault-related lakes, (2) sedimentologic observations on cores from six lakes, and (3) a comparison between records of catastrophic sediment transfers in lakes (i.e. radionuclide chronomarkers and erosion tracers) and historic earthquake reports. Our study indicates that lakes along the NAF are sensitive geologic recorders of large surface-rupturing earth- quakes (surface-wave magnitude (Ms) C 6.9); smaller intensities are not recorded. The most responsive lake systems exhibit increases in sediment accumulation by a factor of [40 for a [3-m strike-slip displacement (Ms C 7). However, based on results from the 1939 Erzincan earthquake (Ms = 7.8) chronostratigraphic marker, large surface-rupturing earthquakes are detected only by certain lake records and not by others. Matching multiple lake records along the NAF pro- vides information both on the location of a surface rupture of a paleo-earthquake as well as its magnitude. Finally, the shallow lake basins along the NAF could potentially document cycles of large seismic events for at least the late Holocene. [less ▲]

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See detailLa publication électronique en sciences humaines et sociales : des prophéties à la description des usages et des pratiques
Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg; Vachon, Karine

in Mémoires du Livre = Studies in Book Culture (2009), 1(1),

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See detailMaintenance/repair and production-oriented life cycle cost/earning model for ship structural optimization during conceptual design stage
Turan, Osman; Olcer, A. I.; Lazakis, Iraklis et al

in Ships & Offshore Structures (2009), 4(2), 107-125

The aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of the change in structural weight due to optimisation experiments on life cycle cost and earning elements using the life cycle cost/earning model, which ... [more ▼]

The aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of the change in structural weight due to optimisation experiments on life cycle cost and earning elements using the life cycle cost/earning model, which was developed for structure optimisation. The relation between structural variables and relevant cost/earning elements are explored and discussed in detail. The developed model is restricted to the relevant life cycle cost and earning elements, namely production cost, periodic maintenance cost, fuel oil cost, operational earning and dismantling earning. Therefore it is important to emphasise here that the cost/earning figure calculated through the developed methodology will not be a full life cycle cost/earning value for a subject vessel, but will be the relevant life cycle cost/earning value. As one of the main focuses of this paper is the maintenance/repair issue, the data was collected from a number of ship operators and was solely used for the purpose of regression analysis. An illustrative example for a chemical tanker is provided to show the applicability of the proposed approach. [less ▲]

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See detailLivres et architecture : les bibliothèques de l'Université de Liège
Micha, Edith ULg; Oger, Cécile ULg

in Art&Fact (2009), 28

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See detailIn vitro evaluation of the fermentation characteristics in the pig intestines of hulless barleys differing in β-glucan content
Jha, Rajesh; Bindelle, Jérôme ULg; Rossnagel, Brian et al

in Journal of Animal Science (2009), 87(E-Suppl. 3), 103

Non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) in isolated form, especially β-glucans, are reported to have prebiotic effects in pigs. However, little information is available on the possible functional properties of ... [more ▼]

Non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) in isolated form, especially β-glucans, are reported to have prebiotic effects in pigs. However, little information is available on the possible functional properties of these NSP when the latter are still present in the fibrous matrix of whole cereals. Hulless barleys (HB) are good sources of β-glucans and the content is quite variable among varieties. In order to evaluate the potential of HB as functional feeds, an in vitro experiment was carried out to study the fermentation characteristics of 6 HB varieties varying in their β-glucan contents (36-99 g/kg DM) in comparison to 3 hulled barleys and 5 oats. After a pepsin-pancreatin hydrolysis, the ingredients were incubated in a buffer solution containing minerals and pig feces as inoculum. The accumulated gas production, proportional to the amount of fiber fermented, was measured for 48 h and modeled. Short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) and ammonia concentration were measured in the fermented solutions. A cereal type effect (P < 0.05) was observed on the fermentation kinetics parameters. Rates of degradation and total gas productions were higher in HB than in oats (P < 0.05) but no difference was observed between HB varieties. On the contrary, differences were found between HB for lag time and rate of degradation. The production of SCFA was also higher with HB (6.1 mMol/g DM incubated; P < 0.05) than with hulled barleys and oats (4.9 and 2.9 mMol/g DM incubated respectively). In contrast, oats generated higher ammonia (P <0.05) production (1.4 mMol/g DM incubated, on average) than barley (1.0 mMol/g). In conclusion, HB are better fermented in vitro, produce more beneficial (SCFA) and less harmful (ammonia) metabolites and have a better potential than other cereal species to modulate gut microbiota and improve gut health. [less ▲]

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See detailVarietal effects of barley carbohydrate composition on digestibility, fermentability and microbial ecophysiology in an in vitro model of the pig gastrointestinal tract.
Bindelle, Jérôme ULg; Pieper, Robert; Rossnagel, Brian et al

in Journal of Animal Science (2009), 87(E-Suppl. 3), 93

Carbohydrate (CHO) composition can vary markedly between barley varieties. Their influence on digestibility, intestinal fermentation and microbiota in pigs was studied in vitro. Ten hulless (HLB) and 6 ... [more ▼]

Carbohydrate (CHO) composition can vary markedly between barley varieties. Their influence on digestibility, intestinal fermentation and microbiota in pigs was studied in vitro. Ten hulless (HLB) and 6 hulled barleys (HB) differing in B-glucan, non-starch polysaccharides (NSP), starch content, and amylose/amylopectin ratio, were hydrolyzed enzymatically and subsequently fermented for 72h. CHO fermentation kinetics were modeled; microbial composition and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) production were analyzed. In HLB, in vitro DM digestibility was positively correlated to starch and amylopectin content and CP digestibility to amylopectin (P<0.05), whereas both were negatively correlated to insoluble NSP (P<0.05). Rate of fermentation was different (P<0.01) between barley types but not correlated to the CHO composition. However, high B-glucan contents induced faster fermentation (P<0.05, HLB; P<0.10, HB). SCFA molar ratios after fermentation of HLB were higher in propionate and branchedchain fatty acids and lower in acetate compared to HB (P<0.01). With HLB, amylose content was positively correlated to butyrate production and negatively to propionate, which was positively correlated to soluble NSP content (P<0.01). In HB, no correlation between SCFA production and the carbohydrate composition was found. TRFLP analysis revealed that Bacteroides and members of Clostridium cluster XIVa were differentially affected in HLB compared to HB as well as by the type and source of CHO. Microbial profiles were also correlated (P<0.05) to SCFA and fermentation parameters but response differed significantly between HB and HLB. The strongest correlation between CHO structure, microbial abundance and fermentation parameters was evident in HLB. Hulless barleys may offer the greatest opportunity to improve gut health in pigs. [less ▲]

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See detailComputational Hemodynamics Coupled with Mechanical Behaviour of the Surrounded Materials, in the Specific Case of the Brachial Artery
Paulus, Raphaël ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Proceedings of Biomed 2009 - Eighth International Conference on Modelling in Medicine and Biology (2009)

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