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See detailSartre in Venedig: der Mann, der in die Kälte ging
Cormann, Grégory ULg; Viehöver, Vera ULg

in Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (2017), 11

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See detailDancing without listening to the music: learning from some failures of the ‘national innovation systems’ in Latin America
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Thoreau, François ULg

in Kuhlmann, Stefan; Ordóñez-Matamoros, Gonzalo (Eds.) Research Handbook on Innovation Governance for Emerging Economies (2017)

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See detailNi utopie ni solidarisme. Une refonte matérialiste et critique de l'association est-elle possible ?
Frère, Bruno ULg

in Delaunay, Catarina (Ed.) Democracia, promessas, utopias e (des)ilusoes : dilemas e disputas nas arenas publicas (2017)

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See detailAdministrative Change in the EU: a Cross-Country Empirical Study on the Contextual Determinants of NPM Reform Rhetoric
Esposito, Giovanni ULg; Gaeta, Giuseppe Lucio; Trasciani, Giorgia

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics (2017)

Framed within the paradigm of New Public Management (NPM), structural reforms in the EU aimed at modernizing the public administrations of Member States (MSs) have long since been a priority area of the ... [more ▼]

Framed within the paradigm of New Public Management (NPM), structural reforms in the EU aimed at modernizing the public administrations of Member States (MSs) have long since been a priority area of the EU’s economic policy. Since the 1990s, these reforms have been sharply intensified across European countries with the declared purpose of enhancing economy, efficiency and effectiveness in their national public sectors’ organizations. In line with the European Commission’s recent research initiatives in search for novel quantitative data on NPM in the EU, this paper studies European parties’ NPM reform rhetoric. More specifically, it investigates the MSs’ institutional, economic and political context within which parties have declared their intention of reforming national administrative systems. Thus, it sheds light on the MSs’ domestic factors that are associated with the diffusion of the NPM values across the political discourse of EU’s national parties. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparing physically educated citizens in physical education. Expectations and practices
Cloes, Marc ULg

in Retos (2017), 31

Since physical education (PE) became a compulsory school subject, its objectives have often been related to the expectations of society. Since the turn of the new millennium, this has resulted in PE being ... [more ▼]

Since physical education (PE) became a compulsory school subject, its objectives have often been related to the expectations of society. Since the turn of the new millennium, this has resulted in PE being increasingly linked to the promotion of physically active lifestyles. In this paper, we try to determine whether practitioners have the capacity to reach recent objectives for the subject or should reconsider their work on this issue. Moreover, we propose to extend the current focus on physical literacy to encompass the concept of societal transfer, underlining the need for an authentic pedagogy of PE. [less ▲]

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See detailImpaired familiarity in individuals at risk for Alzheimer's disease: Commentary on Schoemaker et al. (2016)
Bastin, Christine ULg; Besson, Gabriel ULg

in Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring (2017), 6

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See detail"'Unreadable' Texts: From the Metaphysical Detective Story to the Metacognitive Mystery Tale"
Dechene, Antoine ULg

Doctoral thesis (2016)

This dissertation aims at establishing the genealogy of a literary genre called the metacognitive mystery tale. Its main goal is to delineate a corpus of texts presenting "unreadable" mysteries which ... [more ▼]

This dissertation aims at establishing the genealogy of a literary genre called the metacognitive mystery tale. Its main goal is to delineate a corpus of texts presenting "unreadable" mysteries which, under the deceptively monolithic appearance of subverting "traditional" detective story conventions, offer a multiplicity of motifs – the overwhelming presence of chance, the unfulfilled quest for knowledge, the urban stroller lost in a labyrinthine text – that generate a vast array of epistemological and ontological uncertainties explored by the genre. The selected corpus, composed of some of the genre's most emblematic avatars as well as of less usual suspects, accounts for the specificity and heterogeneity of authors who, in different but related ways, have addressed a certain number of issues underlying the acquisition of knowledge. Following three major intertextual matrices based on the concepts of the "unreadable" city, the "dark" grotesque and the sublime, respectively, this project brings together texts by writers as diverse as Percy Bysshe Shelley, Edgar Allan Poe, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, Henry James, Horacio Quiroga, Jorge Luis Borges, Franz Kafka, Samuel Beckett, Paul Auster, Iain Sinclair and Roberto Bolaño under the banner of the metacognitive mystery tale. This approach represents an opportunity to gather canonical and barely academically studied works and provide new perspectives on stories dealing with the darker, more anxious aspects of investigations led by defective sleuths. [less ▲]

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See detailLa nostra «avvelenata» (Guccini non ne ha colpa)
Curreri, Luciano ULg; Belletti, Gabriele

Article for general public (2016)

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See detailLarge neighborhood search for multi-trip vehicle routing
François, Véronique ULg; Arda, Yasemin ULg; Crama, Yves ULg et al

in European Journal of Operational Research (2016), 255(2), 422-441

We consider the multi-trip vehicle routing problem, in which each vehicle can perform several routes during the same working shift to serve a set of customers. The problem arises when customers are close ... [more ▼]

We consider the multi-trip vehicle routing problem, in which each vehicle can perform several routes during the same working shift to serve a set of customers. The problem arises when customers are close to each other or when their demands are large. A common approach consists of solving this problem by combining vehicle routing heuristics with bin packing routines in order to assign routes to vehicles. We compare this approach with a heuristic that makes use of specific operators designed to tackle the routing and the assignment aspects of the problem simultaneously. Two large neighborhood search heuristics are proposed to perform the comparison. We provide insights into the configuration of the proposed algorithms by analyzing the behavior of several of their components. In particular, we question the impact of the roulette wheel mechanism. We also observe that guiding the search with an objective function designed for the multi-trip case is crucial even when exploring the solution space of the vehicle routing problem. We provide several best known solutions for benchmark instances. [less ▲]

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See detailL'art de gouverner les déchets hautement radioactifs. Analyse comparée de la Belgique, la France et le Canada
Parotte, Céline ULg

Doctoral thesis (2016)

Comment l'art de gouverner les déchets hautement radioactifs, tel qu'il a évolué au cours des deux dernières décennies, a-t-il redéfini les enjeux sociotechniques du programme de gestion des déchets ... [more ▼]

Comment l'art de gouverner les déchets hautement radioactifs, tel qu'il a évolué au cours des deux dernières décennies, a-t-il redéfini les enjeux sociotechniques du programme de gestion des déchets hautement radioactifs et réciproquement? Telle est la question qui traverse cette thèse. Combinant l'analytique de gouvernement (Dean 2010) à une approche co-productionniste forte (Joly 2015), trois régimes de pratiques de gouvernement, en France, en Belgique et au Canada sont scrutés et comparés. Cet écrit propose de suivre l'objet, en cinq chapitres, depuis sa définition (au travers des systèmes de classification), en passant par l’élaboration, la mise en oeuvre territoriale et l'évaluation régulière de son programme de gestion. Chemin faisant, nous cherchons à comprendre comment le dépôt géologique est resté l’option de référence clef pour la catégorie "déchet hautement radioactif". Différentes co-productions seront mises à jour révélant l'asymétrie de pouvoir entre les acteurs, la trajectoire (dis)continue du programme et le caractère expérimental de l’art de gouverner les déchets hautement radioactifs. Un art expérimental, dont nous soutenons que les formes peuvent varier, entre autres, selon l'attitude des expérimentateurs. [less ▲]

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See detailGeneralized Pascal triangles and binomial coefficients of words
Stipulanti, Manon ULg

Poster (2016, December 01)

We introduce a generalization of Pascal triangle based on binomial coefficients of finite words. These coefficients count the number of times a word appears as a subsequence of another finite word ... [more ▼]

We introduce a generalization of Pascal triangle based on binomial coefficients of finite words. These coefficients count the number of times a word appears as a subsequence of another finite word. Similarly to the Sierpinski gasket that can be built as the limit set, for the Hausdorff distance, of a convergent sequence of normalized compact blocks extracted from Pascal triangle modulo 2, we describe and study the first properties of the subset of [0, 1] × [0, 1] associated with this extended Pascal triangle modulo a prime p. From the extended Pascal triangle obtained when p is equal to 2, we derive a sequence of which we study the regularity and the asymptotic behavior of the summatory function. Inspired from this regularity, we extend our results to another famous numeration systems, namely the Zeckendorff numeration system. [less ▲]

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See detailHistoire politique de la construction européenne
Grandjean, Geoffrey ULg

Learning material (2016)

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See detailMachine Learning based Prediction of Internet Path Dynamics
Wassermann, Sarah ULg; Casas, Pedro; Donnet, Benoît ULg

in ACM CoNEXT Student Workshop: Irvine 12 décembre 2016 (2016, December)

We study the problem of predicting Internet path changes and path performance using traceroute and machine-learning techniques. Path changes are frequently linked to path inflation and performance ... [more ▼]

We study the problem of predicting Internet path changes and path performance using traceroute and machine-learning techniques. Path changes are frequently linked to path inflation and performance degradation. Therefore, predicting their occurrence could improve the analysis of path dynamics using traceroute. By relying on neural networks and using empirical distribution based input features, we show that we are able to predict (i) the remaining life time of a path before it actually changes, and (ii) the number of path changes in a certain time slot with relatively high accuracy. We also show that it is possible to predict path performance in terms of latency, opening the door to novel, machine-learning-based approaches for RTT prediction. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact de l’érosion sur l’envasement des barrages, la recharge des nappes phréatiques côtières et les intrusions marines dans la zone semi-aride méditerranéenne : cas du barrage de Boukourdane (Algérie)
Tadrist, Nassima ULg; Debauche, Olivier

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment (2016), 20(4), 453-467

Description of the subject. Water erosion is a particularly important issue, especially in the Mediterranean and semi-arid zone. This zone is characterized by irregular rainfall patterns, which have a ... [more ▼]

Description of the subject. Water erosion is a particularly important issue, especially in the Mediterranean and semi-arid zone. This zone is characterized by irregular rainfall patterns, which have a considerable influence on soil loss. In mountainous areas, water erosion phenomena are accentuated by steep slopes and low ground cover. The dams draining these areas undergound siltation linked to significant erosion. The silting of the dams drastically limits their capacity and thus their operating life. When used for recharging aquifers, the resuspension of fine particles may accumulate in the recharge areas and reduce infiltration capacity by clogging soil porosity. This leads to a significant reduction of groundwater levels. Additionally, groundwater situated in the coastal zone is submitted to intensive pumping. These two phenomena make groundwater particularly sensitive to marine intrusions. Objectives. This article aims, on the one hand to quantify the rate of siltation in the case of the Boukourdane dam (northern Algeria), which is used to recharge groundwater. On the other hand, the article also shows the reduction in permeability in the capturing field with the current management of releases. Method. Solid rates were set in relation to the liquid flow and sediment concentration occasionally taken from the wadi. The relation established made it possible to evaluate the solid contributions to the dam of Boukourdane. The impact of the releases on recharging the well field was evaluated by grouping wells and the well field mushrooms using heuristic k-means. Regressions were applied to the piezometric variations of each group. Results. This dam is fed by a catchment area of 156 km². Sediment transport was estimated from empirical formulas. The specific degradation rate was estimated at 366 t.km-2.year-1 during the 1993 to 2005 period. The increase in the frequency of extreme rainfall resulted in an increase in the soil erosion rate to 446 t.km-2.year-1 during the 1993 to 2013 period. The volume of sediments accumulated in the dam reached 8.104 m³.year-1 and 11.104 m³.year-1 respectively during these two periods. Conclusions. A change in the management of current releases has a positive impact on the partial restoration of the hydraulic conductivity and de facto, on the fight against marine intrusion. [less ▲]

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See detailExplain Your Thesis in Three Minutes
Kreusch, Marie ULg

Article for general public (2016)

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See detailAncient Egyptian texts in contexts. Towards a conceptual data model (the Thot Data Model - TDM)
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Razanajao, Vincent ULg

in Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies (2016), 59(2),

In this paper, we propose a conceptual data model that could be the basis for future implementations of databases and digital corpuses of Ancient Egyptian texts that fully integrate the material ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we propose a conceptual data model that could be the basis for future implementations of databases and digital corpuses of Ancient Egyptian texts that fully integrate the material dimensions of writing. The types of metadata that can be used for documenting the elements and relationships of this model are discussed and the resources (URIs) available for its online implementation (in the perspective of the ‘linked open data’ movement) are examined. [less ▲]

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See detailDeep Reinforcement Learning Solutions for Energy Microgrids Management
François-Lavet, Vincent ULg; Taralla, David; Ernst, Damien ULg et al

in European Workshop on Reinforcement Learning (EWRL 2016) (2016, December)

This paper addresses the problem of efficiently operating the storage devices in an electricity microgrid featuring photovoltaic (PV) panels with both short- and long-term storage capacities. The problem ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses the problem of efficiently operating the storage devices in an electricity microgrid featuring photovoltaic (PV) panels with both short- and long-term storage capacities. The problem of optimally activating the storage devices is formulated as a sequential decision making problem under uncertainty where, at every time-step, the uncertainty comes from the lack of knowledge about future electricity consumption and weather dependent PV production. This paper proposes to address this problem using deep reinforcement learning. To this purpose, a specific deep learning architecture has been designed in order to extract knowledge from past consumption and production time series as well as any available forecasts. The approach is empirically illustrated in the case of a residential customer located in Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailDroit européen de la concurrence - European competition law
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULg

Learning material (2016)

This document contains the course plan and readings for an intensive course on European Competition Law taught at the Université Paris-Dauphine in December 2016.

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See detailNotes sur les puces (Siphonaptera) dans la région de Py et Mantet (Pyrénées-Orientales): présence d'Amphipsylla sibirica sepifera et Callopsylla saxatilis
Libois, Roland ULg; Feliu, Carlos

in Bulletin de la Société Royale Belge d'Entomologie = Bulletin van de Koninklijke Belgische Vereniging voor Entomologie (2016), 152(2), 128-132

327 fleas were collected in the fur of small mammals from Py and Mantet (Pyrénées- Orientales). Fiftheen species were identified with Leptopsylla taschenbergi amitina as the most common (42% of catches ... [more ▼]

327 fleas were collected in the fur of small mammals from Py and Mantet (Pyrénées- Orientales). Fiftheen species were identified with Leptopsylla taschenbergi amitina as the most common (42% of catches) and Ctenophthalmus spp. were slightly less common (25%) (C. baeticus arvernus and C. nobilis dobyi). These fleas were found in all stations from the bridge of the Rotja valley (900 m) to the pass of Mantet (1780 m). Three rare species were identified: Amphipsylla sibirica sepifera (2 ex.) on the pass of Mantet (1780 m), first time on the north side of the Pyrenees, Callopsylla saxatilis at Collada Verde (2320m) and Amalareus penicilliger pyrenaicus at the pass of Mantet, the screes of Mantet (1615 m) and Collada Verde. [less ▲]

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