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See detailElectric Power Network State Tracking from Multirate Measurements
Alcaide-Moreno, Boris; Fuerte-Esquivel, Claudio; Glavic, Mevludin et al

in IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement (2018), 67

This paper proposes a novel tracking state estimator to process both fast-rate synchronized phasor and slow rate SCADA measurements. The former are assumed to be in limited number. The latter are ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a novel tracking state estimator to process both fast-rate synchronized phasor and slow rate SCADA measurements. The former are assumed to be in limited number. The latter are exploited as and when they arrive to the control center. In order to restore observability, after each execution of the tracking state estimator, forecasted SCADA measurements are used as pseudo-measurements in the next estimation. An event detection analysis allows assessing if the system is in quasi steady-state. If so, an innovation analysis is performed to identify and eliminate erroneous SCADA measurements. The system state is computed by Hachtel’s augmented matrix method. The option of exploiting time-tagged SCADA measurements is also considered. The method is illustrated through detailed dynamic simulations of a test system evolving towards voltage collapse, with and without emergency control. [less ▲]

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See detailHeterogeneous incidence and propagation of spreading depolarizations
Kaufmann, D; SCHOENEN, Jean ULiege

in Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism (2018)

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See detailDroit matériel européen 2017-2018 - Agenda et plan du cours
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULiege

Learning material (2018)

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See detailDroit matériel européen 2017-2018 - Recueil de documentation
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULiege

Learning material (2018)

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See detailEffects of agricultural land use on fluvial carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide concentrations in a large European river, the Meuse (Belgium)
Borges, Alberto ULiege; Darchambeau, F.; Lambert, T et al

in Science of the Total Environment (2018), 610–611

We report a data-set of CO2, CH4, and N2O concentrations in the surface waters of the Meuse river network in Belgium, obtained during four surveys covering 50 stations (summer 2013 and late winter 2013 ... [more ▼]

We report a data-set of CO2, CH4, and N2O concentrations in the surface waters of the Meuse river network in Belgium, obtained during four surveys covering 50 stations (summer 2013 and late winter 2013, 2014 and 2015), from yearly cycles in four rivers of variable size and catchment land cover, and from 111 groundwater samples. Surface waters of the Meuse river network were over-saturated in CO2, CH4, N2O with respect to atmospheric equilibrium, acting as sources of these greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, although the dissolved gases also showed marked seasonal and spatial variations. Seasonal variations were related to changes in freshwater discharge following the hydrological cycle, with highest concentrations of CO2, CH4, N2O during low water owing to a longer water residence time and lower currents (i.e. lower gas transfer velocities), both contributing to the accumulation of gases in the water column, combined with higher temperatures favourable to microbial processes. Inter-annual differences of discharge also led to differences in CH4 and N2O that were higher in years with prolonged low water periods. Spatial variations were mostly due to differences in land cover over the catchments, with systems dominated by agriculture (croplands and pastures) having higher CO2, CH4, N2O levels than forested systems. This seemed to be related to higher levels of dissolved and particulate organic matter, as well as dissolved inorganic nitrogen in agriculture dominated systems compared to forested ones. Groundwater had very low CH4 concentrations in the shallow and unconfined aquifers (mostly fractured limestones) of the Meuse basin, hence, should not contribute significantly to the high CH4 levels in surface riverine waters. Owing to high dissolved concentrations, groundwater could potentially transfer important quantities of CO2 and N2O to surface waters of the Meuse basin, although this hypothesis remains to be tested. [less ▲]

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See detailIdée et perception. Une recherche épistémologique à partir de Descartes
Twardowski, Kasimir; Dewalque, Arnaud ULiege

in Twardowski, Kasimir; Fisette, Denis (Eds.) TBA (recueil de textes de K. Twardowski) (2018)

La dissertation doctorale de Twardowski, originellement publiée à Vienne en 1892, est ici traduite en français pour la première fois. L'auteur y offre une exégèse des expressions "clara et distincta ... [more ▼]

La dissertation doctorale de Twardowski, originellement publiée à Vienne en 1892, est ici traduite en français pour la première fois. L'auteur y offre une exégèse des expressions "clara et distincta perceptio" et "clara et distincta idea" chez Descartes, en assignant à la perception et à l'idée le rôle qui leur revient dans la théorie cartésienne de la connaissance. [less ▲]

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See detailLes systèmes électoraux de la Belgique. 2e édition
Bouhon, Frédéric ULiege; Reuchamps, Min

Book published by Bruylant (2018)

Il s'agit de la seconde édition d'un ouvrage collectif publié pour la première fois en 2012 qui propose une étude multidisciplinaire des élections en Belgique.

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See detailAn Analytical Framework for Classifying Software Tools and Systems Dealing with Cultural Heritage Spatio-Temporal Information
Luczfalvy Jancsó, Andrea ULiege; Jonlet, Benoît ULiege; Delye, Emmanuel ULiege et al

in Fogliaroni, Paolo; Ballatore, Andrea; Clementini, Eliseo (Eds.) Proceedings of Workshops and Posters at 13th International Conference on Spatial Information Theory (COSIT 2017) (2018)

This paper presents an analytical framework for classifying information systems developed for applications in the cultural heritage field. These can be numerous and quite different from one another ... [more ▼]

This paper presents an analytical framework for classifying information systems developed for applications in the cultural heritage field. These can be numerous and quite different from one another, depending for the purpose they were developed for. In order to assess if one of the already existing systems can be used or modified to fit our research goals, a list of requirements was established. Starting from those, categories were defined and the information systems are then compared and evaluated based on those characteristics. This analytical framework is an important step in our research since using a tool that is not appropriate for the study object will not be able to provide valuable information to answer the main research questions. [less ▲]

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See detailMateriality matters: What do we learn from small inscribed objects related to ruler cults?
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

in Caneva, Stefano (Ed.) The Materiality of Hellenistic Ruler Cults (2018)

The contribution focuses on small objects such as portable altars, small bases, vessel, stone plaques and blocks inscribed with dedications for rulers in an attempt to provide an in-depth analysis of a ... [more ▼]

The contribution focuses on small objects such as portable altars, small bases, vessel, stone plaques and blocks inscribed with dedications for rulers in an attempt to provide an in-depth analysis of a type of material that has often been neglected or underexploited, because of its serial nature and the poor textual information it bears. By combining material analysis of scripture and support with archaeological data (when available), the paper aims 1) to set the evidence back in a dynamic historical context and 2) to provide a methodological reflection on the way we can deal with an abundant but often underestimated evidence. The risk for generalization inherent in the treatment of many uncharacterized stones as “altars” emerges from a reassessment of the Cypriot documentation for Ptolemaic rulers. Moreover, Ptolemaic and Attalid case studies allows for a reflection on the role of small ritual objects in the dissemination of ruler cult across social strata and in the integration of cultic honours for rulers in the ritual landscape of the studied communities, in public as in private space, in sanctuaries as along the city streets. [less ▲]

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See detailKarstic Systems in Eastern Belgium: Remouchamps and Noû Bleû
Peeters, Alexandre ULiege; Ek, Camille ULiege

in Demoulin, Alain (Ed.) Landscapes and Landforms of Belgium and Luxembourg (2018)

Belgium is characterised by a wide variety of rocks, including carbonate formations, which are significantly represented in eastern Belgium. Among those formations, Devonian and Carboniferous carbonates ... [more ▼]

Belgium is characterised by a wide variety of rocks, including carbonate formations, which are significantly represented in eastern Belgium. Among those formations, Devonian and Carboniferous carbonates display the most developed karstic features, as illustrated by the two cave systems presented in this chapter. Although both systems are water caves, they differ in many ways. The Remouchamps Cave, developed in the Upper Devonian limestones, is a touristic cave, while the Noû Bleû Cave, developed in the Carboniferous carbonates, is a brand new discovery still under exploration. The two systems are of scientific interest and contain many deposits (speleothems and detrital sediments) providing records of past environmental changes and paleoclimates. Beside the Quaternary dynamics, the present-day dynamics can be highlighted within the karstic basins that encompass the two cave systems. The generation or reactivation of sinkholes and swallow holes is often favoured or triggered by human activity. Furthermore, the two basins offer several good examples of human interaction with karst environments, not only in terms of karstic constraints for humans but also as a resource that must be preserved. [less ▲]

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See detailBelgium
Husson, Jean-François ULiege

in Yearbook of Muslims en Europe (2018), 9

This article reviews the position of Muslims in Belgium in 2016 in various aspects: demography, discrimination, relations with public authorities, public funding, Muslim organisations, etc.

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See detailA fully coupled hydro-mechanical model for the modeling of coalbed methane recovery
Bertrand, François ULiege; Cerfontaine, Benjamin ULiege; Collin, Frédéric ULiege

in Natural Gas science and Engineering (2018)

Most coal seams hold important quantities of methane which is recognized as a valuable energy resource. Coal reservoir is considered not conventional because methane is held adsorbed on the coal surface ... [more ▼]

Most coal seams hold important quantities of methane which is recognized as a valuable energy resource. Coal reservoir is considered not conventional because methane is held adsorbed on the coal surface. Coal is naturally fractured, it is a dual-porosity system made of matrix blocks and cleats (i.e fractures). In general, cleats are initially water saturated with the hydrostatic pressure maintaining the gas adsorbed in the coal matrix. Production of coalbed methane (CBM) first requires the mobilization of water in the cleats to reduce the reservoir pressure. Changes of coal properties during methane production are a critical issue in coalbed methane recovery. Indeed, any change of the cleat network will likely translate into modifications of the reservoir permeability. This work consists in the formulation of a consistent hydro-mechanical model for the CBM production modeling. Due to the particular structure of coal, the model is based on a dual-continuum approach to enrich the macroscale with microscale considerations. Shape factors are employed to take into account the geometry of the matrix blocks in the mass exchange between matrix and fractures. The hydro-mechanical model is fully coupled. For example, it captures the sorption-induced volumetric strain or the dependence of permeability on fracture aperture, which evolves with the stress state. The model is implemented in the finite element code Lagamine and is used for the modeling of one production well. A synthetic reservoir and then a real production case are considered. To date, attention has focused on a series of parametric analyses that can highlight the influence of the production scenario or key parameters related to the reservoir. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of different hydrocolloids on dough thermo-mechanical properties and in vitro starch digestibility of gluten-free steamed bread based on potato flour
Liu, Xingli ULiege; Mu, Taihua; Sun, Hongnan et al

in Food Chemistry (2018), 239

The effects of hydrocolloids (Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC), Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), Xanthan gum (XG), and Apple pectin (AP)) at different concentrations on dough thermo-mechanical properties ... [more ▼]

The effects of hydrocolloids (Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC), Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), Xanthan gum (XG), and Apple pectin (AP)) at different concentrations on dough thermo-mechanical properties and in vitro starch digestibility of gluten-free potato steamed bread were investigated. Results showed that hydrocolloids addition significantly increased the gelatinization temperature (from 52.0 to 64.2 °C) and water absorption (from 56.22 to 66.50 %) of potato dough. Moreover, hydrocolloids may be interacted with protein and starch, the density of potato protein bands was decreased by hydrocolloids addition, the reason might be that higher molecular weight complexes might be formed between proteins-hydrocolloids or proteins-proteins, thus change the protein solubility. Furthermore, steamed breads with hydrocolloids presented higher specific volume and lower hardness, and the rapidly digestible starch and estimated glycemic index were significantly decreased from 45.51 to 20.64, from 69.54 to 55.17, respectively. In conclusion, HPMC and XG could be used as improvers in the gluten-free potato steamed bread. [less ▲]

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See detailReduced specificity and enhanced subjective experience of future thinking in ageing: The influence of avoidance and emotion-regulation strategies
Jumentier, Sabrina; Barsics, Catherine ULiege; Van der Linden, Martial ULiege

in Memory (2018), 26(1), 59-73

Future thinking in older adults is characterised by a lack of specificity of imagined events and by an equal or even higher subjective experience, compared to younger adults. We considered whether this ... [more ▼]

Future thinking in older adults is characterised by a lack of specificity of imagined events and by an equal or even higher subjective experience, compared to younger adults. We considered whether this lack of specificity stemmed partly from the avoidance of a somewhat disturbing future and then examined the extent to which certain types of emotion-regulation strategies, namely positive reappraisal and positive refocusing, contributed to the subjective experience of future thinking. Middle-aged and older adults completed an adapted version of the AMT, in which temporal distance and cue word valence were manipulated, thus resulting in future conditions assumed to represent varying degrees of discomfort. Results indicate that distant future and negative cues restricted both the specificity and the subjective experience of future thinking. In addition, the use of avoidance strategies predicted the nature of future thoughts in the context of a supposed uncomfortable future (i.e., a distant future induced by negative cues), although it followed quite different age-related patterns. Together with the findings that positive reappraisal and positive refocusing (to a lesser extent) contributed to the subjective experience of future thinking, this study indicates that how individuals imagine their personal future also relies on affect- and emotion-regulation strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailParents d'un enfant en rémission de cancer: Prédicteurs psychologiques et cognitifs de l'intolérance à l'incertitude dans le maintien des inquiétudes et dans l'orientation de l'attention sélective
Vander Haegen, Marie ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2017)

In spite of core medical advances realized these last years, the childhood cancer remains a distressing experience for the child and their parents. The cancer history is rarely linear and takes place into ... [more ▼]

In spite of core medical advances realized these last years, the childhood cancer remains a distressing experience for the child and their parents. The cancer history is rarely linear and takes place into a space and a particular time when marks are shaken. The stake in paediatric oncology is double: that the child is cured without side effects and that the child and parents cross this experience without psychological destabilization. When the cancer survivorship is diagnosed, new challenges are expecting for the child and parents. Indeed, the childhood cancer survivorship is considered as integrated into the field of chronic diseases where the factor of uncertainty coexists and requires continuous adjustments of the child and parents. Therefore, it is a period of progressive rehabilitation where the stake is double: control the relapse and treatments’ late effects (or aftereffects) of the child and allow the child and parents, “to pursue their life the most normally possible”. The survivorship experience is thus intense transforming deeply “the psyche” of the child and parents. Since a few years, empirical studies examine the child adjustment and parents in the course of treatments. These reveal namely some adaptation difficulties, anxious and depressive symptoms. However, the social/family support and the problem-focused coping seem positively moderate the distress intensity. Studies investigated the cancer survivorship were mainly centred on the child and showed its effects on the child’s psychological adjustment (e.g. anxiety, depression). Nevertheless, the distress intensity could be positively influenced in particular by social and family support factors. The thorough examination of the literature observes that studies rarely include the parent and that no study has associated the factor of uncertainty with the vulnerability factor of intolerance of uncertainty. The originality of this research lives in the interest centred on the concept of intolerance of uncertainty [IU] and its effects on the psychological and cognitive adjustment among parents of a child cancer survivor. This quasi-experimental, quantitative, longitudinal research combines standardized questionnaires (IUS, NPOQ, CAQ, Mini-CERTS, HADS, and WW-II), questionnaires created for the needs of the study (sociodemographic, QIPS-R15, OncoMed and SomaOnco) and two neuropsychological tasks (classic Stroop and emotional Stroop). The sample consists of 61 parents (45 mothers and 16 fathers) of a child cancer survivor (from 4 to 6 years of survivorship without relapse and with mainly a neoadjuvant chemotherapy during treatments). Three months later, parents returned to the laboratory and completed the same questionnaires and performed Stroop tasks (with the exception of words which are modified). The time was decided with medical teams. It seemed relevant to retest parents when the medical assessment of the child was completed in order to observe if the distress decreased. Besides, this time was sufficient to avoid memory biases. The first aim of this research is the study of parental distress. The proposed hypothesis is the existence of anxious, depressive, somatic symptoms and worries. Results showed that 70 % of parents had anxious symptoms (HADS), 39 % presented depressive symptoms (HADS), 14 % suffered from somatic symptoms (SomaOnco) and 70 % had worries (QIPS-R15). Results from moderation analyses indicated no main effect of gender, remission time, and couple on distress criteria (except the interaction of these three factors for worries). These results demonstrated the existence of a significant distress within the sample but also the presence of additional factors which may influence the parental adjustment. The second aim is the examination of IU and its maintaining factors (i.e. positive beliefs about worry, cognitive avoidance, negative attitude towards problems and repetitive thinking (ruminations)). The advanced hypothesis is the causal track between IU and its maintaining factors. Results of IUS questionnaire demonstrated on average that parents had a low tolerance of uncertainty (64 % of the sample) and that 60 % of the sample were located in a moderated to severe profile of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Concerning IU’s maintaining factors, results of NPOQ, CAQ, WW-II and Mini-CERTS questionnaires highlighted the existence of positive beliefs towards worry (WW-II: problem solving and positive trait of personality) and cognitive avoidance (CAQ: distraction and thought suppression). Results of regressions bear out the predictor status of IU for the development of its maintaining factors. Nevertheless, protective factors arose from analyses, particularly an effective problem orientation and the use of concrete experiential thinking mode (CET; Mini-CERTS), which could protect them from a deterioration of the mood (e.g. depression). These results indicated the negative influence of IU on the psychological adjustment, the protective effect of a positive attitude orientation and the use of CET among parents. The third aim concerns the study of cognitive processes in terms of orientation of selective attention and cognitive inhibition. The proposed hypothesis is the orientation of selective attention towards threat into the IU context. Results seem to indicate a longer latency for negative and coloured words during Stroop tasks. The within-group regression and mediation results reveal the mediating effect of IU between the orientation of selective attention towards threat and distress components (i.e. anxious, depressive, somatic symptoms and worries). Moreover, depressive symptoms contribute to predicting the coloured word latency (cognitive inhibition process). These results seem to demonstrate the negative influence of the IU on the orientation of selective attention and depressive symptoms for cognitive inhibition. Lastly, the fourth aim is the analysis of IU stability and its maintaining factors over time. The proposed hypothesis is the stability of IU and its maintaining factors because IU is considered as a feature of the personality. At the second assessment (n=51/N=61), three significant differences were observed. The first difference concerns a decrease for anxiety symptoms with nevertheless a score being located in the pathological border. The second difference relates to a decrease for the cognitive avoidance with a score situated in the superior border of the standards. Lastly, an increase for somatic symptoms level was observed at the second assessment. Concerning IU, results indicate no significant change. Parents who presented a high level of IU at the first assessment kept it at the second assessment. This observation is also true for parents who had a low level of IU. These results supported the hypothesis of IU stability and its maintaining factors over time. Overall, results emphasize the implication of IU in the psychological distress among parents and its effect on cognitive processes of the orientation of selective attention towards threatening words (negative words). This research brings out the necessity to identify parents who are at risk for IU (and its maintaining factors) at an early stage of the cancer management in order to avoid excessive worries and the use of dysfunctional strategies over time. Furthermore, this research allows future clinical avenues for the development of follow-up tools in paediatric oncology, and recommends the parents’ psychological adjustment follow-up in close collaboration with medical teams. Implications of this research are discussed into the "general discussion" part of the thesis. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermining astrophysical parameters of quasars within the Gaia mission
Delchambre, Ludovic ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2017)

Quasars are one of the most peculiar types of objects in astronomy. The supermassive black hole these harbour effectively makes the surrounding matter radiates an enormous amount of energy before getting ... [more ▼]

Quasars are one of the most peculiar types of objects in astronomy. The supermassive black hole these harbour effectively makes the surrounding matter radiates an enormous amount of energy before getting in the vicinity of the black hole horizon out of which it will never escape. This ironically leads to the most luminous phenomenon in the Universe while being non-transient. It is hence quite natural to rely on these cosmic headlights, visible up to ages when the Universe was still very young, so as to achieve some of the currently most important cosmological applications, notably regarding the determination of the cosmological parameters $H_0$, $\Omega_\Lambda$ and $\Omega_m$. The Gaia mission, on its side, is one of a kind given the one billion of celestial objects it is intended to observe, among which more than half a million quasars are expected. Furthermore, owing to its exceptional astrometric precision, Gaia stands out to be extremely well suited for the detection of gravitational lens (GL) systems. In the latter, light rays coming from a distant background quasar are deflected by the presence of a massive galaxy being in the line-of-sight that leads to the production of multiple images of this background quasar upon a favourable alignment between the quasar, the galaxy and the observer. Supplemental constraints on the aforementioned cosmological parameters being then gained based on these GLs. Gaia hence provides an unprecedented opportunity to detect and characterize quasars as well as to identify GLs which ultimately bring a better understanding of the Universe we live in. This thesis is accordingly concerned with the development of software solutions dedicated to the determination of the astrophysical parameters (APs) of the quasars that Gaia will observe, on one hand, and to the recognition of the GLs among the billion of sources it will uncover, on the other hand. Although Gaia provides state-of-the-art astrometric and photometric observations, its capability in characterizing these celestial objects remains however restricted by the relatively low spectral resolution of the blue and red spectrophotometers upon which it is based as well as by the limited signal-to-noise ratio that is associated with faint objects, including quasars. In addition, the overwhelming amount of data that Gaia has to process translates into a stringent need for algorithms having both low numerical complexities as well as low memory usages. These restrictions and shortcomings along with the requirement for reliable APs were at the heart of this research that led to the development of two specifically designed methods that are the weighted principal components analysis and the weighted phase correlation method. The former of these methods allowed us to extract the most significant patterns out of quasars with a view of using these in the production of a spectral library of quasars as observed by Gaia. These were subsequently used in a fast and automated procedure designed to guess the redshift of the quasars within the Gaia mission through the latter mentioned method. Other APs that are the slope of the quasar continua, the total equivalent width of their emission lines and whether these encompass broad absorption lines or not, being then concurrently derived based on the results of these methods. Finally, the identification of GL candidates relies on the recognition of the structures and symmetries that are observed within lensed images through supervised learning methods. The specific method we choose to use, based on extremely randomized trees, was shown to yield a low contamination rate on simulated configurations composed of three images as well as a very high probability of detection in cases of four image configurations. Real observations out of the first Gaia data release were processed and resulted in the identification of candidates having three potentially lensed images which are currently waiting for confirmation using ground-based facilities. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence d'une prise en charge posturale sur la position assise, les capacités cognitives, le comportement et le bien-être de l'enfant en classe
Fettweis, Tatiana ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2017)

Cette thèse analyse l’impact d’une prise en charge posturale associée à l’utilisation d’un coussin triangulaire dynamique sur la position assise, les capacités cognitives, la concentration et le bien-être ... [more ▼]

Cette thèse analyse l’impact d’une prise en charge posturale associée à l’utilisation d’un coussin triangulaire dynamique sur la position assise, les capacités cognitives, la concentration et le bien-être de l’enfant en début d'école primaire. Elle comporte 4 sections principales. La revue de la littérature présentée dans la première section souligne le rôle de l’école et plus spécifiquement l’impact du mobilier scolaire sur la santé et les apprentissages des élèves. La deuxième section consiste à mettre en place et à étudier les qualités métrologiques d’une batterie de tests permettant d’évaluer la qualité de la position assise, les capacités posturales, le comportement en classe et les capacités cognitives d’enfants du premier cycle du primaire. La troisième section comprend trois études de terrain évaluant l’influence de la prise en charge en milieu scolaire. La partie principale consiste en un suivi longitudinal réalisé au cours des deux premières années primaires. Dans ce cadre, le cousin dynamique a amélioré la qualité de la position assise, les plaintes musculo-squelettiques, les capacités cognitives et le comportement des enfants en classe. Une première étude complémentaire a mis en évidence le caractère instantané de l’effet de la prise en charge et une seconde a confirmé l’impact positif du coussin dans une population présentant des troubles de l’attention. Enfin, la quatrième section comporte deux études réalisées au sein du Laboratoire d’Analyse du Mouvement Humain : une analyse biomécanique de la position assise a précisé l’effet positif et immédiat du coussin dynamique et une évaluation du contrôle moteur lombaire a démontré une meilleure proprioception lombaire chez les enfants habitués à utiliser le coussin. En conclusion, bien que cette recherche ne porte que sur une partie des facteurs entrant en ligne de compte pour le bien-être des élèves en classe ainsi que pour leur réussite scolaire, les différentes analyses et perspectives développées tout au long de cette thèse suggèrent la pertinence d’un coussin dynamique dans la mise en place de campagnes posturales préventives. [less ▲]

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See detailContribution à l'enseignement de la traduction au Niger : le renforcement du français langue cible dans la formation des futurs traducteurs.
Amadou Gazali, Alkassoum ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2017)

Teaching translation is a very old activity. While it often used to be performed in the context of language learning, it has changed fundamentally over the past few decades, i.e. since the ... [more ▼]

Teaching translation is a very old activity. While it often used to be performed in the context of language learning, it has changed fundamentally over the past few decades, i.e. since the institutionalization of translation as an autonomous scientific discipline with specific objects and methods. Now, it covers not only linguistics but also other fields including the operating aspect of knowledge and has undergone more methodological transformations over half a century than it did since the Middle-Age, or even since Cicero. In Niger, however, the situation has not yet changed. Teaching translation has remained part of language learning. In this context, the learners’ translation competence is directly associated to linguistic competence. But the latter is far from satisfactory for quite a lot of Niger students, whatever their field of study. In fact, several studies confirmed the poor performance of Niger students in relation to mastery of their working language, French. Indeed, despite its exclusive status as the language of administration and education, French is not mastered enough to be used as a basis for the learning of another language and even less for translation purposes. This is why this study is based on the hypothesis according to which improving the target language in translator training would largely contribute to upgrade their translation competence. It therefore aims to enhance Niger prospective translators’ translation competence by improving their knowledge of the working language. To this end, an experimental research method is used that relies on a classical type scheme involving pre- and post-experimentation observations. An experimental treatment is applied between the two observation stages, which consists of language remedial courses. The verification of the hypothesis depends on operational aspects of the study as well as on the results yielded by the interpreting of collected data. [less ▲]

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