Results 81-100 of 97681.
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe pouvoir judiciaire et l'équilibre des pouvoirs : réflexions à propos des récentes réformes
Bouhon, Frédéric ULg; Pironnet, Quentin ULg

in Pyramides : Revue du Laboratoire d'Etudes et de Recherches en Administration Publique (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailP.Tebt. 526v: A Land Registry from Tebtunis
Nocchi Macedo, Gabriel ULg; Gilbert, Nathan

in Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists (in press)

Edition of a Greek land registry from Tebtunis

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4-Ig effectively controls immune activation and inflammatory disease in a novel murine model of leaky severe combined immunodeficiency
Humblet-Baron, Stephanie; Schönefeldt, Susan; Garcia-Perez, Josselyn E et al

in Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (The) (in press)

Background: Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) can be caused by loss-of-function mutations in genes involved in the DNA recombination machinery, such as RAG1, RAG2 or DCLRE1C. Defective DNA ... [more ▼]

Background: Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) can be caused by loss-of-function mutations in genes involved in the DNA recombination machinery, such as RAG1, RAG2 or DCLRE1C. Defective DNA recombination causes a developmental block in T cells and B cells, resulting in high susceptibility to infections. Hypomorphic mutations in the same genes can also give a partial loss of T cells, in a spectrum including leaky SCID (LS) and Omenn syndrome (OS). These patients not only develop life-threatening infections due to immunodeficiency, but also develop inflammatory/autoimmune conditions due to the presence of autoreactive T cells. Objective: We sought to develop a preclinical model that fully recapitulates the symptoms of LS/OS patients including a model for testing therapeutic intervention. Methods: We generated a novel mutant mouse (Dclre1c leaky) that develops a LS phenotype. Mice were monitored for diseases and immune phenotype and immune function were evaluated using flow cytometry, ELISA and histology. Results: Dclre1c leaky mice present with a complete blockade of B cell differentiation, with a leaky block in T cell differentiation resulting in an oligoclonal TCR repertoire and enhanced cytokine secretion. Dclre1c leaky mice also developed inflammatory symptoms including wasting, dermatitis, colitis, hypereosinophilia and high IgE levels. Development of a preclinical murine model for LS allowed the testing of potential treatment, with administration of CTLA4-Ig reducing disease symptoms and immunological disturbance, resulting in increased survival. Conclusion: These data suggest that CTLA4-Ig should be evaluated as a potential treatment of inflammatory symptoms in LS and OS patients. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOptimization of settling behavior for an efficient solvent-extraction process for bio-based components
Bednarz, Andreas; Scherübel, Peter; Spieß, Antje C. et al

in Chemical Engineering and Technology (in press)

Extraction is a downstream-process option in bio-based processes. Since the knowledge of phase-separation behavior is essential for designing efficient separation processes, this study investigates the ... [more ▼]

Extraction is a downstream-process option in bio-based processes. Since the knowledge of phase-separation behavior is essential for designing efficient separation processes, this study investigates the settling and coalescence behavior of bio-based extraction systems using a standard lab-scale settling cell. The influence of different buffer media as well as of E. coli cells on coalescence was determined for the reactive extraction of hexane-1.6-diamine with isostearic acid and D2EHPA using kerosene and oleyl alcohol as diluents. As a result, an increasing pH value of the buffer significantly increases settling time. The presence of E. coli cells hinders the phase separation of the investigated systems, in particular with dispersed organic phases. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDe l'état littéraire à une théorie de l'Etat. Une lecture cursive de La Musique et les Lettres
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Millan, Gordon (Ed.) Mallarmé à Tournon et au-delà (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 96 (26 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAgriculture et nature : voyage au coeur de la Roumanie
Geboes, Anne-Laure ULg; Sottiaux, Ludovic ULg; Spronck, Christelle et al

Article for general public (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe unexpected discovery of Brucella abortus Buck 19 vaccine in goats from Ecuador underlines the importance of biosecurity measures
Ron-Roman, J; Berkvens, D; Barzallo-Rivadeneira, D et al

in Tropical Animal Health and Production (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMulti-temporal monitoring of a regional riparian buffer network (>12,000 km) with LiDAR and photogrammetric point clouds
Michez, Adrien ULg; Piégay, Hervé; Lejeune, Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of Environmental Management (in press)

Riparian buffers are of major concern for land and water resource managers despite their relatively low spatial coverage. In Europe, this concern has been acknowledged by different environmental ... [more ▼]

Riparian buffers are of major concern for land and water resource managers despite their relatively low spatial coverage. In Europe, this concern has been acknowledged by different environmental directives which recommend multi-scale monitoring (from local to regional scales). Remote sensing methods could be a cost-effective alternative to field-based monitoring, to build replicable “wall-to-wall” monitoring strategies of large river networks and associated riparian buffers. The main goal of our study is to extract and analyze various parameters of the riparian buffers of up to 12,000 km of river in southern Belgium (Wallonia) from three-dimensional (3D) point clouds based on LiDAR and photogrammetric surveys to i) map riparian buffers parameters on different scales, ii) interpret the regional patterns of the riparian buffers and iii) propose new riparian buffer management indicators. We propose different strategies to synthesize and visualize relevant information at different spatial scales ranging from local (<10 km) to regional scale (>12,000 km). Our results showed that the selected parameters had a clear regional pattern. The reaches of Ardenne ecoregion have channels with the highest flow widths and shallowest depths. In contrast, the reaches of the Loam ecoregion have the narrowest and deepest flow channels. Regional variability in channel width and depth is used to locate management units potentially affected by human impact. Riparian forest of the Loam ecoregion is characterized by the lowest longitudinal continuity and mean tree height, underlining significant human disturbance. As the availability of 3D point clouds at the regional scale is constantly growing, our study proposes reproducible methods which can be integrated into regional monitoring by land managers. With LiDAR still being relatively expensive to acquire, the use of photogrammetric point clouds combined with LiDAR data is a cost-effective means to update the characterization of the riparian forest conditions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSignes, symboles et ornementation de l’Hadrianus de Montserrat (P.Monts.Roca III, inv.162 → - 165 ↓)
Berg, Tatiana ULg

in Carlig, Nathan; Motte, Aurore; Sojic, Nathalie (Eds.) et al Signes dans les textes. Continuités et ruptures des pratiques scribales en Égypte pharaonique, gréco-romaine et byzantine (in press)

Texte latin profane, l’Hadrianus appartient au célèbre codex miscellaneus en papyrus de Montserrat, dont il représente la sixième partie, la dernière à avoir fait l’objet d’une édition. Daté ... [more ▼]

Texte latin profane, l’Hadrianus appartient au célèbre codex miscellaneus en papyrus de Montserrat, dont il représente la sixième partie, la dernière à avoir fait l’objet d’une édition. Daté paléographiquement de la seconde moitié du IVe siècle, ce dernier présente la particularité de contenir des textes à la fois grecs et latins, profanes et chrétiens, tous écrits par la même main. Après avoir décrit et analysé les signes, symboles et ornementation attestés dans l’Hadrianus, on les comparera avec ceux que l’on trouve dans le reste du codex de Montserrat, ainsi que dans d’autres papyrus datés de la même époque. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (29 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOutbreak investigations and molecular characterization of foot-and-mouth disease viruses circulating in southwest Niger
Kouato; Fana, EM; King, DP et al

in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa ceramica della Schola del Traiano a Ostia Antica
Deru, Xavier ULg; Desbat, Armand; Dienst, Simon ULg et al

in Forum Romanum Belgicum (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Antitrust and Intellectual Property Intersection in European Union Law
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in Blair, Roger; Sokol, Danie (Eds.) Roger D. Blair & D. Daniel Sokol (in press)

In European legal scholarship, many articles discuss the equilibrium reached in the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) when the EU antitrust prohibitions apply to, and ... [more ▼]

In European legal scholarship, many articles discuss the equilibrium reached in the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) when the EU antitrust prohibitions apply to, and restrain, the free and ordinary use of intellectual property rights (“IPRs”). We call this the antitrust-IP intersection. The most interesting feature of this literature is perhaps the common assumption that a unifying substantive perspective, vision or theory on IPR underpins the intersection point reached by the antitrust case-law. Whilst the theory of “absolutism” can be quickly disposed of, several other theories like inherency, exceptionalism or complementarity have been described as the lynchpin of the antitrust-IP intersection. Our paper offers a different reading of the case-law. It submits that the antitrust-IP intersection does not rest on any unitary theory which, in turn, bespeaks the Court’s vision of the social function of IPRs. Instead, the main feature of the CJEU case-law is that a specific methodology is applied to antitrust cases with IPR ramifications. The CJEU deals with most of such cases under a rule-based approach, instead of a standard-based approach. By rule-based approach, we refer to the ex ante setting of structured tests of liability, by opposition to ex post case-by-case resolution on grounds of a pre-determined, general standard (e.g., reasonableness, competition on the merits, efficiency, fairness, equity, etc.). As will be seen below, this approach has many virtues, not least in terms of legal certainty. But it also has a major qualification. Whilst the Court has consistently formulated rules of liability and justifiability at the antitrust and IP intersection, it has at the same time often embedded abstract standards within those rules. The implications of this mixed approach are unclear. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 110 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInvestigation on Water Productivity of Winter Wheat Based on MODIS and SEBAL in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, China
Yang, Jian-ying; HUO, Zhi-guo; Wu, Ding-rong et al

in Chinese Journal of Agrometeorology (in press)

Understanding how the productivity of water can be increased is widely accepted to be a high priority where water resources are currently scarce and/or over-exploited in China. As the primary data source ... [more ▼]

Understanding how the productivity of water can be increased is widely accepted to be a high priority where water resources are currently scarce and/or over-exploited in China. As the primary data source, MODIS remote sensing, statistics, meteorological data, crop growth period data and ground truth-data from Jan. 2011 to Dec. 2012 were used in actual evapotranspiration estimation, yields rasterizing, and water productivity calculation for winter wheat in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain (3H Plain). The statistical data were synthesized to calculate district-state-level land productivity, which is then further extrapolated to pixel-level values using a MODIS NDVI image, based on a crop dominance map. Spatial variation of crop water productivity was investigated in order to reveal the key factors of crop water productivity. In addition, the relationship between water productivity and actual evapotranspiration and in subsequence yield for winter wheat was discussed in 3H Plain. The main results indicated that the SEBAL is suitable for estimating evapotranspiration in winter wheat based on the comparation between evapotranspiration measured by Yucheng (in Shandong province). The regional average value of water productivity for winter wheat was detected to be 1.21kg·m-3, with the higher value in Beijing, Tianjin, north part of Shandong province and south part of Hebei province. The pronounced relationship of spatial correlation of the yield and water productivity for winter wheat indicated that the increasing yield governed the increment of water productivity for winter wheat in the coastal land-farming-fishing area (zone1), low plain-hydropenia irrigable land and dry land zone (zone2) and basin- irrigable land and dry land (zone5). The increasing water productivity for winter wheat was recognized to be controlled by rather the increment of yield than the reduction of actual evapotranspiration for winter wheat in the piedmont plain-irrigable land (zone2). Whereas, the pronounced relationship of negative correlation of water productivity and actual evapotranspiration for winter wheat described that only the reduction of actual evapotranspiration was responsible for the increment of water productivity for winter wheat in hill-wet hot paddy-paddy field (zone6). The results is expected to provide a basis information for agricultural water management, improvement of crop water productivity and choice of adaptive mechanism under climate change in Huang-Huai-Hai plain. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInclusion of Down Syndrome in Architectural Design: Towards a Methodology
Schelings, Clémentine ULg; Elsen, Catherine ULg

in Proceedings of the second international conference on Universal Accessibility in the Internet of Things and Smart Environments (in press)

This paper develops an in-situ methodology to help architects insure better inclusion of people with Down syndrome all along preliminary phases of the architectural design process, and eventually to the ... [more ▼]

This paper develops an in-situ methodology to help architects insure better inclusion of people with Down syndrome all along preliminary phases of the architectural design process, and eventually to the designed space. This methodology first offers architects some design keys in regard of how people with Down syndrome interact with two types of spaces: their personal dwellings and some completely unknown spaces. The methodology then unfolds towards more pro-active inclusion of the participants thanks to playful expression of their feelings and perceptions. This paper discusses how this methodology relates to inclusive and universal design principles as well as prevalent models of disability in architecture. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (14 ULg)
Full Text
See detail"Ecce ego, mitte me". Antoine Thomas ou le désir des Indes
Delfosse, Annick ULg

in Parmentier, Isabelle; Hermans, Michel (Eds.) De la Belgique à la Chine. Regards croisés à partir d’Antoine Thomas (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 136 (20 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe miR-183/ItgA3 axis is a key regulator of prosensory area during early inner ear development
Van Den Ackerveken, Priscilla ULg; Mounier, Anaïs ULg; Huyghe, Aurélia et al

in Cell Death & Differentiation (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (13 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detail"'Vive la rose' in Newfoundland: from Alien to Emblem'
Peere, Isabelle ULg

in B·A·S·I·S: Ballads and Songs - International Studies (in press)

This paper traces the song in European tradition through to its ‘revival’ in the 1960s. It analyses Emile’ Benoît's textual and musical recreation of it in the light of my own and other fieldworkers’ ... [more ▼]

This paper traces the song in European tradition through to its ‘revival’ in the 1960s. It analyses Emile’ Benoît's textual and musical recreation of it in the light of my own and other fieldworkers’ accounts of his personality, ethos and creative talent in tradition. The study traces the song's course and progress in Newfoundland, following in the steps of French-Canadian ethno-historian Ronald Labelle’s suggestion that ‘Vive la Rose’ has come to function as identity emblem for Newfoundland’s francophone minority – and even as its representative throughout French-Canada and especially Acadia. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRéduire l’altérité au travers des processus de traduction et de représentation
Leclercq, Bruno ULg; Smette, Bernard ULg

in Doctorales. Revue LLA-SHS de Montpellier (in press)

WVO Quine questions the « myth » of an ideal realm of shared meanings which every national language would express in its own way. Against the hope of transparent translations, he insists on the necessity ... [more ▼]

WVO Quine questions the « myth » of an ideal realm of shared meanings which every national language would express in its own way. Against the hope of transparent translations, he insists on the necessity for building equivalences from one language to another through a strategy of reducing the differences in rationality among nations as much as possible. According to Quine, otherness is not insuperable impediment to meeting/encounter and mutual understanding ; by throwing our conceptual schemes on the other communities’ uses/practices – which of course involves some symbolic violence – gaps can always been narrowed. Similarly E. Laclau questions the traditional conception of political representation, which is seen as the transparent process of transmitting someone’s will or interests on another level. For this ideal conception of representation, Laclau substitutes a pragmatic conception which takes in account the irreducible gap between the actors as well as the constitutive opacity of the process of representation : the subject’s will is constituted within the process of representation and through the representative’s productive role. In order to be transposed at the decision-making level, the subject’s interests must be translated by the representative as well as be negotiated with the other represented interests. This implies that the initial will undergoes some identity transformations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (19 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'Halys chez Hérodote
Leloux, Kevin ULg

in Studia Hercynia (in press)

This paper analyses the Halys River’ description made by Herodotus in his Histories. This study focuses on the several references made by the Father of History in his work. It will examine the part the ... [more ▼]

This paper analyses the Halys River’ description made by Herodotus in his Histories. This study focuses on the several references made by the Father of History in his work. It will examine the part the river took in his vision of the politic, ethnic and geographic state in the historian’s mind and the problems that arise by this presentation. Finally, this article will demonstrate that every crossing of the Halys River made by the Barbarians were a bad omen for the Greeks of Asia Minor and in Greece itself. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailIPCAPS: an R package for iterative pruning to capture population structure
Chaichoompu, Kridsadakorn ULg; Abegaz Yazew, Fentaw; Tongsima, Sissades et al

in Bioinformatics : Application Notes (in press)

Resolving population genetic structure is challenging, especially when dealing with closely related populations. Although Principal Component Analysis (PCA)-based methods and genomic var- iation with ... [more ▼]

Resolving population genetic structure is challenging, especially when dealing with closely related populations. Although Principal Component Analysis (PCA)-based methods and genomic var- iation with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are widely used to describe shared genetic an- cestry, improvements can be made targeting fine-level population structure. This work presents an R package called IPCAPS, which uses SNP information for resolving possibly fine-level population structure. The IPCAPS routines are built on the iterative pruning Principal Component Analysis (ipP- CA) framework to systematically assign individuals to genetically similar subgroups. Our tool is able to detect and eliminate outliers in each iteration to avoid misclassification. It can be extended to de- tect subtle subgrouping in patients as well. In addition, IPCAPS supports different measurement scales for variables used to identify substructure. Hence, panels of gene expression and methylation data can be accommodated. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (11 ULg)