[fr] bioremédiation ; bioaugmentation ; pollution aux hydrocarbures
[en] Petroleum pollution has now become a real problem because hydrocarbons are persistent contaminants in soils and water. Contamination problems increase when ages of relevant facilities, such as oil storage tanks and pipelines, increase over time. The evolution of Legislation concerning soil pollution has led to the need of efficient techniques able to restore the polluted ground. Unfortunately, these techniques are expensive. Bioremediation of hydrocarbon polluted soils has been recognized as an efficient, economic and environmentally sound treatment. Particularly biostimulation and bioaugmentation are being studied in labs. A lot of studies tried to determine which method is the most efficient, but the conclusions diverge. Moreover, conditions are different in labs and contaminated sites.