[en] The present study was performed to investigate the effect of previous fasting and lifting of the abdomen of the ewes during transrectal ultrasonographic scanning on the results of early pregnancy diagnosis. Ewes of four flocks (A, B, C and D; all Awassi x Merino ewes, n = 1247) aged 0.7-10 years were used in this study. These ewes were estrus synchronized and artificially inseminated. From 2 weeks later onwards, fertile rams were kept with the ewes of flocks A, B and C (n = 949) for natural breeding, while ewes of flock D (n = 298) were re-inseminated 17 days later. Transrectal ultrasonography (5 MHz) was carried out in ewes of flocks A, B and C on four separate occasions but only once in ewes of flock D. For final analysis, animals were divided over two groups: ewes of Group 1 (n = 949 scans) were scanned in a standing position within the milking parlor. Animals of Group 2 (n = 764 scans) were scanned by the same operator and with the same scanning technique, but these ewes were fasted for 12 h prior to scanning and the abdominal wall was lifted, just in front of the udder during scanning. The sensitivity of the test for diagnosing pregnancy at Days 18-24, 25-30, 31-40 and 41-50 was 21.8, 32.3, 63.3 and 50% in Group 1, and 46, 92.5, 92.3 and 96.8% in Group 2, respectively. Only within Group 1, the sensitivity of the test was higher in young ewes (0.7-2 years) than in older ones (>2-10 years). Significant differences were observed at scan periods Days 18-24 and Days 4150 of gestation. It is concluded that, fasting prior to scanning and lifting the abdomen during scanning significantly improve the accuracy of transrectal ultrasonographic pregnancy diagnosis in Awassi x Merino ewes.