Reference : On the sets of real vectors recognized by finite automata in multiple bases
Dissertations and theses : Doctoral thesis
Engineering, computing & technology : Computer science
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/92036
On the sets of real vectors recognized by finite automata in multiple bases
English
Brusten, Julien mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Informatique >]
8-Jun-2011
Université de Liège, ​​Belgium
xii, 172
[fr] représentation symbolique ; reconnaissance dans des bases multiples ; théorème de Cobham ; vecteurs de réels ; théorème de Semenov ; arithmétique des entiers et des réels ; automates finis
[en] symbolic representation ; recognizability in multiple bases ; Cobham's theorem ; real vectors ; Semenov's theorem ; mixed real-integer arithmetic ; finite automata
[en] This thesis studies the properties of finite automata recognizing sets of real vectors encoded in positional notation using an integer base. We consider both general infinite-word automata, and the restricted class of weak deterministic automata, used, in particular, as symbolic data structures for representing the sets of vectors definable in the first order additive theory of real and integer numbers.

In previous work, it has been established that all sets definable in the additive theory of reals and integers can be handled by weak deterministic automata regardless of the chosen numeration base. In this thesis, we address the reciprocal property, proving that the sets of vectors that are simultaneously recognizable in all bases, by
either weak deterministic or Muller automata, are those definable in the additive theory of reals and integers.

Precisely, for weak deterministic automata, we establish that the sets of real vectors simultaneously recognizable in two multiplicatively independent bases are necessarily definable in the additive theory of reals and integers. For general automata, we show that the multiplicative independence is not sufficient, and we
prove that, in this context, the sets of real vectors that are recognizable in two bases that do not share the same set of prime factors are exactly those definable in the additive theory of reals and integers.

Those results lead to a precise characterization of the sets of real vectors that are recognizable in multiple bases, and provide a theoretical justification to the use of weak automata as symbolic representations of sets.

As additional contribution, we also obtain valuable insight into the internal structure of automata recognizing sets of vectors definable in the additive theory of reals and integers.
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS ; Politique Scientifique Fédérale (Belgique) = Belgian Federal Science Policy
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/92036

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