Multiparametric observation and analysis of the Sea, 42nd International Liège Colloquium
[en] Sea Surface Temperature ; Data Comparison ; Satellite Data ; In Situ Data ; Mediterranean Sea
[en] A comparison between in situ and satellite sea surface temperature (SST) is presented for the western Mediterranean Sea during 1999. Several international databases are used to extract in situ data (World Ocean Database (WOD), MEDAR/Medatlas, Coriolis Data Center, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) and International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS)). The in situ data are classified into different platforms or sensors (CTD, XBT, drifters, bottles, ships), in order to assess the relative accuracy of these type of data respect to AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer) SST satellite data. It is shown that the results of the error assessment vary with the sensor type, the depth of the in situ measurements, and the database used. Ship data are the most heterogeneous data set, and therefore present the largest differences with respect to in situ data. A cold bias is detected in drifter data. The differences between satellite and in situ data are not normally distributed. However, several analysis techniques, as merging and data assimilation, usually require Gaussian-distributed errors. The statistics obtained during this study will be used in future work to merge the in situ and satellite data sets into one unique estimation of the SST.
Centre Interfacultaire de Recherches en Océanologie - MARE
Politique Scientifique Fédérale (Belgique) = Belgian Federal Science Policy ; Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS