|Reference : Spatio-temporal localization of the cytoskeleton during auditory organ development in...|
|Scientific congresses and symposiums : Poster|
|Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology|
|Spatio-temporal localization of the cytoskeleton during auditory organ development in mammalia|
|[en] Localisation du cytosquelette au sein des cellules de soutien durant le dévelopemment de l'organe de Corti chez les mammifères|
|Johnen, Nicolas [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences de la vie > Biologie cellulaire >]|
|Thelen, Nicolas [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences de la vie > Biologie cellulaire >]|
|Cloes, Marie [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences de la vie > Biologie cellulaire >]|
|Malgrange, Brigitte [Université de Liège - ULg > > GIGA - Neurosciences >]|
|Thiry, Marc [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences de la vie > Biologie cellulaire >]|
|Cellular cytoskeletal motor proteins|
|du 30 mars 2011 au 1 avril 2011|
|Biochemical Society / Wellcome Trust Focused Meeting -|
|[en] Auditory Organ ; Cytoskeleton ; Development|
|[en] The auditory organ, the organ of Corti (OC), is a highly specialized structure composed by specific cellular types. The sensory cells (HC) are characterized by stereocilia at their apex and are necessary for the sound perception. Theses cells are supported by supporting cells. Based on their morphology and physiology, at least four types of supporting cells (SC) can be identified in the OC: inner and outer pillar cells (PC), phalangeal cell and Deiter’s cells.
Sensory and supporting cells possess characteristic cytoskeleton proteins in direct relation with their morphological features and their development. Indeed, this organ had morphological changes such as the setting up of the sensory epithelium after the birth or the openings of the Corti’s tunnel at P8 and of the Nuel’s spaces at P10.
In the present study, by using confocal microscopy, we investigated the spatio-temporal localization of the three cellular cytoskeletal filaments : microtubules (β-1, 2, 3, 4-tubulin), microfilaments (cytoplasmic β- and γ-actin) and intermediate filaments (CK4, 5, 7, 8, CKpan and vimentin) during the development of the OC in rat from the embryonic day 18 (E18) to the post-natal day 25 (P25).
The immunolabellings indicated clearly that β-1, 2, 3-tubulins were only present the SC and nervous fibers during development whereas β-4-tubulin was found firstly in the HC and then in the SC. The two actin-isotypes were detected in the HC apex but were also seen in the PC from P8 to P25 for β-actin isoform and in the basal membrane from E18 to P8 for the γ-actin isoform. All intermediate filament proteins were only found in the SC, especially between P8 and P12.
Our results show that the localization of the cytoskeleton proteins during the auditory organ development depends on the cellular type and the developmental stage. A profound modification of cytoskeleton occurs between P8 and P12.
|Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS|
|Spatio-temporal localization of the cytoskeleton during auditory organ development in mammalia.|
|Researchers ; Professionals ; Students|
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