[en] Patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain are typically prescribed a regimen of regular physical exercises to improve pain and function, increase workability, and prevent pain recurrence. However, adherence to home exercise programs is often partial at best. Patients often fail to translate their intention to exercise (motivation) into action (implementation). Volition is the mental activity by which intentions are implemented. In this review, we argue that volition may be crucial to the successful rehabilitation of patients with low back pain. Obstacles to the implementation of intentions are described, as well as factors that promote implementation, most notably the conscious formation of implementation intentions.