Reference : Enhanced urinary odor discrimination in female aromatase knockout (ArKO) mice
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Neurosciences & behavior
Human health sciences : Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/91520
Enhanced urinary odor discrimination in female aromatase knockout (ArKO) mice
English
Wesson, D. W. [> > > >]
Keller, Matthieu [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Biologie de la différenciation sexuelle du cerveau >]
Douhard, Quentin [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Biologie de la différenciation sexuelle du cerveau >]
Baum, M. J. [> > > >]
Bakker, Julie mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Biologie de la différenciation sexuelle du cerveau >]
May-2006
Hormones & Behavior
Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science
49
5
580-586
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0018-506X
San Diego
[en] estrogens ; sex differences ; olfaction ; odor discrimination ; learning
[en] We asked whether odor discrimination abilities are sexually dimorphic in mice and, if so, whether the perinatal actions of estradiol contribute to these sex differences. The ability to discriminate different types of urinary odors was compared in male and female wild-type (WT) subjects and in mice with a hornozygous-null mutation of the estrogen synthetic enzyme, aromatase (aromatase knockout; ArKO). Olfactory discrimination was assessed in WT and ArKO male and female mice after they were gonadectomized in adulthood and subsequently treated with estradiol benzoate. A liquid olfactometer was used to assess food-motivated olfactory discrimination capacity. All animals eventually learned to distinguish between urinary odors collected from gonadally intact males and estrous females; however, WT males as well as ArKO mice of both sexes learned this discrimination significantly more rapidly than WT females. Similar group differences were obtained when mice discriminated between urinary odors collected from gonadally intact vs. castrated males or between two non-social odorants, amyl and butyl acetate. When subjects had to discriminate volatile urinary odors from ovariectomized female mice treated with estradiol sequenced with progesterone versus estradiol alone, ArKO females quickly acquired the task whereas WT males and females as well as ArKO males failed to do so. These results demonstrated a strong sex dimorphism in olfactory discrimination ability, with WT males performing better than females. Furthermore, female ArKO mice showed an enhanced ability to discriminate very similar utinary odorants, perhaps due to an increased sensitivity of the main olfactory nervous system to adult estradiol treatment as a result perinatal estrogen deprivation. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Giga-Neurosciences
NICHD
Researchers ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/91520

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